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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
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Journal of Korean Society of Transportation
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Journal DOI :
Korean Society of Transportation
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Volume & Issues
Volume 17, Issue 5 - Dec 1999
Volume 17, Issue 4 - Oct 1999
Volume 17, Issue 3 - Aug 1999
Volume 17, Issue 2 - Jun 1999
Volume 17, Issue 1 - Mar 1999
Selecting the target year
Using Disaggregate Behavioral Analyze to Measure the Effects of Telecommuting on Transportation
Journal of Korean Society of Transportation, volume 17, issue 2, 1999, Pages 7~19
The Purpose of this study is to analyze the impact of telecommuting-the use of telecommunications technology to perform work from remote sites- on the transportation system. It examined the effects of telecommuting on commuter travel. After reviewing case studies of foreign countries and their telecommuting characteristic, two types of survey, RP(Revealed Preference) and SP (Stated Preference), were carried out in order to analyze the impact of telecommuting on traffic. The RP survey examined respondents'attitudes toward information technology and the characteristics of their work. The SP survey asked respondents what conditions would make them want to become a telecommuter. It was found that higher salaries and communication subsidies would induce more people to telecommute. Overall, it was found that if telecommuting were to be executed in Seoul, 49.1% of workers would become telecommuters, which would result in a 14,407 billion won reduction in direct and indirect transport costs per year. This research proves that traffic congestion can be reduced effectively by instituting telecommuting as an option for workers.
Relationship between V/C and Accident Rate for Freeway Facility Sections (focused on Shingal-Ansan Freeway)
Journal of Korean Society of Transportation, volume 17, issue 2, 1999, Pages 21~27
The objective of this study is to clarify the relationship between accident rate and V/C for freeway facility. The relationship can be used as a basic reference to predict and prevent traffic accident. The traffic volume and the number of accidents from 1992 to 1997 on Shingal-Ansan Freeway were analyzed in this study to clarify the relationship. Hourly accident rate and V/C were calculated for each facility sections : basic freeway section, tunnel section and toll gate section. The accident rate models consisting of an independent variable of V/C were established by repression analysis and compared with each other. The relationship between accident rates and V/C ratios represented U-shaped pattern for all sections. The result of this study indicates that accident rates are highest in the low hourly V/C range, decrease with increasing V/C ratio, and then increase as the V/C ratio increases. The accident rate of toll gate section is in general higher than that of other sections. Although the accident rate of tunnel section is higher than that of basic freeway section when V/C is above 0.67, there is no significant difference of accident rate between basic freeway and tunnel section when V/C is between 0.5 and 0.8. Basic freeway tunnel and toll gate section have the minimum accident rate when V/C is 0.78, 0.75 and 0.57 respectively.
GIS based Hazardous Materials Transportation Management Systems (A case study for Ulsan city)
Journal of Korean Society of Transportation, volume 17, issue 2, 1999, Pages 29~40
A various of hazardous materials (hazmats) have been Produced and transported everyday to satisfy the needs of modern life. A hazmat accident can take place in the process of transporting hazmats. Hazmat accidents rarely take place. But, they are capable of causing damage to people, property and the environment, invariably receiving widespread attention. To cope with the potential disasters associated with hazmats, risk analysis model and mitigation measures are developed in this study
A Study on the Parking Supply and Management Strategics for Multi-Family Housing Sites
Journal of Korean Society of Transportation, volume 17, issue 2, 1999, Pages 41~53
The rate of automobile ownerships has been increased significantly in multi-family housing sites so that government has made new parking regulations increasing the rate of parking supply by the high demand of parking lots in multi-family housing sites. However, the new regulation of parking supply has several problems that it applies to only new multi-family housing sites and disregards to the locational distinctions around the sites. It also has reduced to the open spaces in the sites and increased the price of housing units especially to the small size units of multi-family housing sites by increasing the number of underground parking lots. Furthermore, the residents have not been equal opportunity to access their parking lots even though they have been charged to equal amount of financial burden for the construction of underground parking lots. This research aims to relieve above problems by analysing parking supply and demand management strategies both domestic and foreign countries, and suggest to new parking management system for multi-family housing sites in 21st Centuries. This research reveals that most of multi-family housing sites want to be applied 1) diverse parking supply regulations considering the locational distinctions of sites, 2) parking lot ownership programs, 3) charging parking fees to second vehicles, 4) increasing parking lots both in the sites and around the sites, 5) enforcing police power to the parking violation vehicles to their sites. Especially, the multi-family housing sites consisting of small & medium size of units and locating in small & medium size of cites strongly want to be accepted new Parking regulations considered their locational and social distinctions and applied police power to the parking violation vehicles in their sites compared to the other multi-family housing sites.
Application and Evaluation of ITS Map Datum and Location Referencing System for ITS User Services
Journal of Korean Society of Transportation, volume 17, issue 2, 1999, Pages 55~68
Many ITS services require map databases in digital form to meet desired needs. Due to the dynamic nature of ITS and the sheer diversity of applications, the design and development of spatial databases to meet those needs pose a major challenge to both the public and private sectors. This challenge is further complicated by the necessity to transfer locationally referenced information between different kinds of databases and spatial data handling systems so that ITS products will work seamlessly across the region and nation. The Purpose of this paper is to develop the framework-models commonly to reference locations in the various applications and systems-the ITS Map Datum and LRS(Location Referencing System). The ITS Map Datum consists of the around control points which are the prime intersections (nodes) of the nationwide road network In this study, the major points have been determined along wish link-node modeling procedure. LRS, defined as a system for determining the position (location) of an entity relative to other entities or to some external frame of reference, has also been set up using CSOM type method. The method has been implemented using ArcView GIS software over the Kangnam and Seocho districts in the city of Seoul, showing that the implemented LRS scheme can be used successfully elsewhere. With the proper advent of the K.ITS architecture and services, the procedure can be used to improve the data sharing and to inter operate among systems, enhancing the efficiency both in terms of money and time.
Evaluation of Driver's Psychophysiological Load at Freeway Merging Area
Journal of Korean Society of Transportation, volume 17, issue 2, 1999, Pages 69~79
This study evaluated the chance of driver's Psychophysiological load of occipital lobe at freeway merging area and compared with basic driving section. Ten persons of 8 men and 2 women were investigated at 3 basic section and 3 merging areas on the Youngdong freeway. It is found that driver's load in acceleration lane before merging is 2.21 times higher than the basic driving section. Further, driver's load for merging was maintained fur 4 seconds after merging. Particularly, driver's highest loading point in merging behavior was found to be 80m from the gore area.
A Numerical Algorithm for Evaluating Progression Efficiency along Coordinated Arterials Using Shock Wave Theory
Kim, Young-Chan ; Baek, Hyon-Su ;
Journal of Korean Society of Transportation, volume 17, issue 2, 1999, Pages 83~90
A computer algorithm is presented that evaluate the performance of coordinated signal timing plans for the signalized arterials. The procedures calculating delay and stops are based on Michalopoulos's analytical model derived from shock wave theory. The delay-offset relationship predicted from the algorithm produced consistent results with the delays venerated by TRANSYT-7F. From performance test, the delays estimated using the proposed a1gorithm are shown to be sensitive to the quality of progression as well as to traffic demand, link length, and turning flow ratio from upstream signal.
A new approach to estimate the link travel time by using AVL technology
Journal of Korean Society of Transportation, volume 17, issue 2, 1999, Pages 91~103
A Study on Time-Space Occupancy Exposure volume Index for the Mixed Traffic Streets
Journal of Korean Society of Transportation, volume 17, issue 2, 1999, Pages 105~114
The pattern of traffic streams in residential streets is different from the ordinary roads separated by pedestrian and car lanes. Such fact makes it difficult to evaluate the new counter-measures with existing indices and methods. In this study, a unified, consistent new method is introduced as Time-Space Occupancy (TSO) concept. An application of TSO concept will suggest a TSO exposure volume index which can show the decree of danger in residential streets where vehicles, pedestrian and other traffic streams are interacted. The validity of TSO exposure volume index will be verified through the survey conducted in Seoul and the subjects will be the residents who live at various kinds of residential streets.
A Study for Estimation of Link Travel Time Using Chaos Theory
Journal of Korean Society of Transportation, volume 17, issue 2, 1999, Pages 115~126
Past nears many Studies have been described for present state and forecasted for the future phenomena in various areas. Many theories and methodologies in transportation have been developed and applied by researchers and planners. On the other hand, many theories and methodologies had disappeared caused by their critical limitations. One of this cause that was discovered of the Chaos in traffic flows. The occurrence of Chaos in traffic flows has affected to the traffic volume and decreased significancy of a simulation result of a specific traffic flow. According to this fact, long-term forecast of traffic flow is difficult, moreover a butterfly effect impedes development and establishment of transportation model. A methodology to solve Chaos character in traffic flow can be able to provide more effective transport planning. This study tackles to enhance and revise the existing theories for the traffic flow applying Chaos theory to estimating travel time.
Signal Optimization Model Considering Traffic Flows in General Traffic Networks
Journal of Korean Society of Transportation, volume 17, issue 2, 1999, Pages 127~135
Most existing progression bandwidth models maximize the single or multi weighted sum of bandwidths in the both directions to improve traffic mobility on an arterial, but they cannot be applied to general networks. Even though a few models formulating a looped network problem cannot be applied to networks have not loops. Also they have some defects in optimizing phase sequences. Therefore, the objective of this study is to develope a mathematical formulation of the synchronization problem for a general traffic network. The goal is achieved successfully by introducing the signal phasing for each movement and expanding the mixed integer linear programming of MAXBAND. The experiments indicate that the proposed model can formulate the general traffic network problem mere efficiently than any other model. In conclusion, this model may optimize signal time to smooth progression in the general networks.
A Study on the Optimal Urban Bus Network Design Using the Set Covering Theory
Journal of Korean Society of Transportation, volume 17, issue 2, 1999, Pages 137~147
This paper studies on the optimal bus network design in the framework of the set covering theory. The theory enables to cover passenger's loading and alighting areas as the set, and maximize the covering set as much as possible. In other words, it calculates the minimal set of the bus routes for covering whole bus passengers demand. After the optimal set of the bus routes is generated by the set covering theory, multimodal traffic equilibrium assignment is used for evaluating the generated set in terms of passenger's mode and route choice behavior. Whilst most previous works on it have been based on analyzing a specific route in a limited area, this study seeks to optimize the whole bus network.
A Mathematical Model for Determination of PCE's Based on Delay for Two-Lane Two-Way Highway
Journal of Korean Society of Transportation, volume 17, issue 2, 1999, Pages 149~162
One of the most important steps of the design, capacity and operation analysis stapes in the two-lane two way highways is the effect of heavy vehicle to traffic flow quality. This heavy vehicle's effect on traffic flow can be represented as PCE, which is the number of passenger cars that are displaced by a single heavy vehicle of a particular type under prevailing roadway, traffic, and control conditions. In this paper, we focus on the heavy vehicles effect on volume, speed, delay, and the maneuver of freedom which are major MOE's in traffic operation analysis and PCE criterion which should be measurable, determinable and able to reflect the traffic flow characteristics. Therefore, the objective of the paper is to determine the PCE criterion and to develop a new PCE determination method. In this study, delay is adopted as PCE criterion and, for calculation of delay, the highway is divided into the passing zone and the no-passing zone. PCE is determined by comparing the delay due to total traffic flow interaction with the delay due to a single heavy vehicle, Also, this paper proposes a new method to determine the average PCE on the highway that has the passing zones and no-passing zones.
Development of a Global Searching Shortest Path Algorithm by Genetic Algorithm
Journal of Korean Society of Transportation, volume 17, issue 2, 1999, Pages 163~178
Conventional shortest path searching a1gorithms are based on the partial searching method such as Dijsktra, Moore etc. The a1gorithms are effective to find a shortest path in mini-modal condition of a network. On the other hand, in multi-modal case they do not find a shortest path or calculate a shortest cost without network expansion. To copy with the problem, called Searching Area Problem (SAP), a global searching method is developed in this paper with Genetic Algorithm. From the results of two examples, we found that the a1gorithm is useful to solving SAP without network expansion.
A Study of Traffic Flow Characteristics for Estimating Queue-Length in Freeway
Journal of Korean Society of Transportation, volume 17, issue 2, 1999, Pages 179~191
To device effective freeway traffic flow control strategies and freeway traffic information dissemination strategies, it is very important to estimate real physical queue length on the freeway. Shock wave theory and queueing theory have limitation to be used to estimate the queue length. The primary objective of this study is to develop a reliable method for estimating the physical queue length and level of congestion. Queueing propagation processes were analysed by using such traffic data as main line traffic volume, ramp volume, density. speed, and physical queue length collected by video photographing on Olympic Freeway. As a result of analysis, it has been confirmed that the real queue length can be estimated by using the traffic counts arriving the congested region and passing a bottleneck location. Further more, a reliable method for estimating the level of congestion could be developed on the basis of real-time traffic counts.
Estimating Confidence Interval of Value of Travel Time(II)
Journal of Korean Society of Transportation, volume 17, issue 2, 1999, Pages 193~198
An asymptotic distribution of the ratio of two normal vectors is estimated. Using the estimated asymptotic distribution, an approximation method to estimate confidence interval of passenger's value of travel time is proposed. As a result of empirical study the 95% confidence interval of value of travel time of home-to-work trips in city of Seoul is estimated at ￦7341.25