Go to the main menu
Skip to content
Go to bottom
REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
> Journal Vol & Issue
Journal of Korean Society of Transportation
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
Korean Society of Transportation
Editor in Chief :
Volume & Issues
Volume 17, Issue 5 - Dec 1999
Volume 17, Issue 4 - Oct 1999
Volume 17, Issue 3 - Aug 1999
Volume 17, Issue 2 - Jun 1999
Volume 17, Issue 1 - Mar 1999
Selecting the target year
Implementation and Analysis on the Automated Vehicle Location System(AVLS) using Global Positioning System(GPS) / Personal Communication System(PCS) / Internet
Journal of Korean Society of Transportation, volume 17, issue 3, 1999, Pages 7~20
This Paper Presents a Internet-based Real-Time Automated Vehicle Location System(AVLS), which is able to Provide users with real-time vehicle Positioning information. When Inverted Differential GPS is available, this system does more aggressive position correction than GPS, and more useful for public transportation and commercial application than DGPS in terms of cost.
QFD Applied to Road Traffic Accident Management by Police Station
Journal of Korean Society of Transportation, volume 17, issue 3, 1999, Pages 21~30
One of the major tasks of a Police station is the management of road traffic accidents. Each police station is responsible for keeping Traffic Accident Records (TAR) which can be used as the basis of statistical analyses. Results of such statistical analyses have been applied to establishing effective traffic Plans and safety Policies at the macro level. In this Paper, we apply QFD in a way that each police station can set and implement specific policies according to the local characteristics. Cluster analysis is employed to find black spots in each local area. Poisson repression is used to identify the area specific factors related to various types of road accidents. Results of such statistical analyses are applied to QFD. Our approach is expected to contribute to reduce various types of area specific road traffic accidents.
Evaluation Criteria of the Walkway Level-of-Service in Korea
Journal of Korean Society of Transportation, volume 17, issue 3, 1999, Pages 31~46
In the middle of motorization, the traffic problems become serious social problems in Korea. The walking environment is not only a topic which restores the community spirit of a city or society but also a lever which renovates the future space of the city environment-friendly. Thus, the Purpose of this study is to suggest the new criteria of walkway level of service adopting the concepts of safety. convenience, comfort, environment, security, and continuity in addition to present pedestrian flow rate, and to provide basic data for walkway plan in Korea. In order to analyze the adequacy of the present walkway level of service criteria, the walkways of which service levels were A, C, E according to USHCM were selected as study walkways, and an interview surrey was conducted to compare the three service levels with those that pedestrians evaluate actually. Also, another interview survey was conducted to analyze the service conditions and satisfaction level at the walkways of high service levels(A and B). For the establishment of more reasonable walkway level of service criteria. the survey of pedestrian\`s consciousness for walkway service was conducted. Based on the survey results, the new criteria for the evaluation of walkway service were selected and the six levels of service for each criterion was analyzed: so the comprehensive criteria of walkway level of service were suggested.
Behavioral Analysis of Dynamic Route Choice with Stated Preference Panel Data
Journal of Korean Society of Transportation, volume 17, issue 3, 1999, Pages 47~60
In this study, the dynamic route choice behavior of driver is assumed to be affected by the current conditions of traffic environments as well as the Past traffic environments and activities. The repeated survey of multi-timed to owner drove in Chon-ju city by the virtual traffic information system was performed by the stated preference method. And the LISREL(An analysis of linear structural relationship) model was used. As the results. the variable Parameter and t-value of travel time information on applied model was high and their results have an effect greatly to the route choice. After all, the route choice was negative from Kirin-ro, which Penetrates the downtown, and positive from Chunbyun-ro which was a roundabout way was confirmed. Estimated result of the reasonability, the highest suitable model was ode which applied the concept of serial correlation and stated dependence and was shown applying rightfulness to dynamic model. As the serial correlation and stated dependence parameter value, when time interval was large, parameter value was small and the serial correlation and stated dependence was in inverse proportion ratio to the time interval.
Emprical Tests of Braess Paradox (The Case of Namsan 2nd Tunnel Shutdown)
Journal of Korean Society of Transportation, volume 17, issue 3, 1999, Pages 61~70
The Purpose of this study is to test whether Braess Paradox (BP) can be revealed in a real world network. Fer the study, Namsan 2nd tunnel case is chosen, which was shut down for 3 years for repair works. The revelation of BP is determined by analyzing network-wise traffic impacts followed by the tunnel closure. The analysis is conducted using a network simulation model called SECOMM developed for the congestion management of the Seoul metropolitan area. Also, the existence of BP is further identified by a before-after traffic survey result of the major arterials nearby the Namsan 2nd tunnel. The model estimation expected that the closure of Namsan 2nd tunnel improve the network-wise average traffic speed from 21.95km/h to 22.21km/h when the travel demand in the study area and congestion Pricing scheme on Namsan 1st & 3rd tunnels remain unchanged. In addition, the real world monitoring results of the corridors surrounding Namsan 2nd tunnel show that the average speed increases from 29.53km/h to 30.37km/h after the closure. These findings clearly identify the BP Phenomenon is revealed in this case.
A fast shortest path algorithm for road networks having turn prohibitions
Journal of Korean Society of Transportation, volume 17, issue 3, 1999, Pages 73~85
In metropolitan area, intersections having turn Prohibitions are often found and it is important to consider them in path planning. This Paper presents a new path planning method road networks having turn prohibitions. A new road network model is proposed in which an alter-native route for each turn-Prohibition is constructed in off-line using U-turn or P-turn and then Put into road network database. The proposed network model is efficient since it requires no virtual nodes that are usually used in the conventional road networks to represent turns at intersections. In order to find a shortest path with the proposed network, a new shortest path algorithm is proposed. A knot for the turn-Prohibited node is newly defined and is used in comparing the cost of the alternative route with that of the other path.
A Study on the Capacity Analysis of 8-lane basic section Freeway
Journal of Korean Society of Transportation, volume 17, issue 3, 1999, Pages 87~96
It is very important to analyze the capacity of basic freeway section in terms of planning, design, and operation of roads. Capacity, in Korean Highway Capacity Manual was Published in 1992, had been determined by data collected in only 4-lane freeway. But, Korea is continuously planning and constructing multi-lane roads for increasing traffic demand. For this reason, it is necessary to determine the capacity for multi-lane freeways. This study goals are two-fold the determination of lane capacity for 8-lane freeway; and the development of methodology determining total capacity using lane friction factor This study utilized the data collected by loop detectors at a station of FTMS in Kyungbu expressway. For determining capacities, this study analyzed maximum flow rate in various aspects such as collecting period, each lane, and total lane in one-way. In addition, this study evaluated the breakdown in traffic flow relations in order to find out interrelation of breakdown among lanes. Through this analysis, this study determined lane friction factors, critical speed, and critical density. Finally, this study expressed a new methodology of capacity analysis for multi-lane freeways using some findings from this analysis.
A development of travel time estimation algorithm fusing GPS probe and loop detector
Journal of Korean Society of Transportation, volume 17, issue 3, 1999, Pages 97~116
The growing demand for the real time traffic information is bringing about the category and number of traffic collection mechanism in the era of ITS. There are, however, two problems in making data into information using various traffic data. First, the information making process of making data into the representative information, for each traffic collection mechanism, for the specified analysis periods is required. Second, the integration process of fusing each representative information into "the information" for each link out of each source is also required. That is, both data reduction and/or data to information process and information fusion are required. This article is focusing on the development of information fusing algorithm based on voting technique, fuzzy regression, and, Bayesian pooling technique for estimating the dynamic link travel time of networks. The proposed algorithm has been validated using the field experiment data out of GPS probes and detectors over the roadways and the estimated link travel time from the algorithm is proved to be more useful than the mere arithmetic mean from each traffic source.
Artificial Intelligence Estimation of Network Flows for Seismic Risk Analysis
Kim, Geun-Young ;
Journal of Korean Society of Transportation, volume 17, issue 3, 1999, Pages 117~130
Earthquakes damage roadway bridges and structures, resulting in significant impacts on transportation system Performance and regional economy. Seismic risk analysis (SRA) procedures establish retrofit priorities for vulnerable highway bridges. SRA procedures use average daily traffic volumes to determine the relative importance of a bridge. This research develops a cost-effective transportation network analysis (TAN) procedure for evaluating numerous traffic flow analyses in terms of the additional system cost due to failure. An important feature of the TNA Procedure is the use of an associative memory (AM) approach in the artificial intelligence held. A simple seven-zone network is developed and used to evaluate the TNA procedure. A subset of link failure system states is randomly selected to simulate synthetic post-earthquake network flows. The performance of different AM model is evaluated. Results from numerous link-failure scenarios demonstrate the applicability of the AM models to traffic flow estimation.