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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
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Journal of Korean Society of Transportation
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Journal DOI :
Korean Society of Transportation
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Volume & Issues
Volume 20, Issue 7 - Dec 2002
Volume 20, Issue 6 - Dec 2002
Volume 20, Issue 5 - Oct 2002
Volume 20, Issue 4 - Aug 2002
Volume 20, Issue 3 - Jun 2002
Volume 20, Issue 2 - Apr 2002
Volume 20, Issue 1 - Feb 2002
Selecting the target year
An Analysis on the Efficiency of Bus Information Systems in Bucheon City
Journal of Korean Society of Transportation, volume 20, issue 1, 2002, Pages 7~18
To activate public transportation service, Bucheon City built Bus Information System based on Beacon type, and operates it for no.22 line. This research analyzes an effect of BIS operations, and mainly it analyzes far reliability evaluation of bus arrival time information and passenger satisfaction about BIS. As results of reliability evaluation of arrival time information service, it is proven to be practically inappropriate to use as arrival time data because it is not only travel time between each bus stop but also previous travel time history data. In order to improve this matter, neural network model was evaluated as the most outstanding one as result of experiment in applying current arrival time Prediction model. This research cannot help limiting for evaluation of operation effect in Bucheon City because there is no Bus Information System based on GPS type in Korea. For the future ITS model city, in the case of building ITS model city based on GPS type, it is possible to compare two systems relatively. In addition to that, fur the consideration of reliability of bus arrival time information, it is required to develop Predictable model and research factors that affect to bus operation.
Fuel consumption effects of transportation improvement options using mesoscopic traffic simulator
Journal of Korean Society of Transportation, volume 20, issue 1, 2002, Pages 19~38
To evaluate the effects of transportation system operation, usually measures of effectiveness(MOE) such as travel time, space mean speed, stop/delay ratio have been used. But, energy consumption as well as the existing MOE in transportation receives more attention as an alternative MOE in transportation operation. The purpose of this study is a development of procedure, which could measure the relative energy consumption for each alternative and compare the results. A mesoscopic simulator called INTEGRATION is used to evaluate the operation of high occupancy vehicle lane, signal optimization, lane expansion, and the application of ITS. Among those, the application of ITS shows the greatest effectiveness in energy reduction, and then lane expansion, signal optimization, and the operation of high occupancy vehicle lane in the order named. Because we don't consider the characteristics of vehicle class, Potential demand and the simulation time is just for an hour. it is recommended that a procedure for precise economic analysis and an improvement in methodology are needed in the future for the expanded application of this study.
Construction of vehicle classification estimation model from the TCS data by using bootstrap Algorithm
Journal of Korean Society of Transportation, volume 20, issue 1, 2002, Pages 39~52
Traffic data by vehicle classification is difficult for mutual exchange of data due to the different vehicle classification from each other by the data sources; as a result, application of the data is very limited. In Particular. in case of TCS vehicle classification in national highways, passenger car, van and truck are mixed in one category and the practical usage is very low. The research standardize the vehicle classification to convert other data and develop the model which can estimate national highway traffic data by the standardized vehicle classification from the raw traffic data obtained at the highway tollgates. The tollgates are categorized into several groups by their features and the model estimates traffic data by the standardized vehicle classification by using the point estimation and bootstrap algorithm. The result indicates that both of the two methods above have the significant level. When considering the bias of the extreme value by the sample size, the bootstrap algorithm is more sophisticated. Using result of this study, we is expect the usage improvement of TCS data and more specific comparison between the freeway traffic investigation and link volume on freeway using the TCS data.
Development of Traffic Conflict Technique with Fuzzy Reasoning Theory
Journal of Korean Society of Transportation, volume 20, issue 1, 2002, Pages 55~63
It has been known well that Traffic Conflict Technique(TCT) used to evaluate the safety of intersections in the case of shortage of traffic accidents data and surveying time. Because data for using in traffic conflict technique that is collected by trained surveyors, it is rely on the knowledge, experience and the characteristics of them. The data of surveying generate varying result. So, its variance must minimize and then it is considered of calculating in traffic conflict technique however obviously technique to minimize has not developed until now. So, this paper has a focus on the technical method to minimize the variance. For this, it applied the fuzzy reasoning theory to the existed traffic conflict technique that is the most comprehensive method in the country and then developed the new traffic conflict technique model. Fuzzy reasoning theory is a very appropriate method for minimizing the variance among surveyors because it can systematically calculate the uncertainty of surveyors by approximation reasoning structure. The result of analysis from pilot study, the new Procedure in this Paper minimized the variance by 53 Percentiles and it increased the value of conversion factor two times than the exited traffic conflict technique. The method proposed in this paper, it can be used for evaluating the safety of intersection, and before and after analysis of improving Project of black spots.
A Fuzzy Evaluation Method of Traveler's Path Choice in Transportation Network
Journal of Korean Society of Transportation, volume 20, issue 1, 2002, Pages 65~76
This study is realized using fuzzy evaluation and AHP(the analytic hierarchy process) for the optimum search of traffic route and estimated by the quantitative analysis in the vague subjective judgement. It is different from classical route search and noticed thinking method of human. Appraisal element, weight, appraisal value of route is extracted from basic of the opinion gathering fur the driving expert and example of route model was used for the finding of practice utility. Model assessment was performed attribute membership function making of estimate element, estimate value setting, weight define by the AHP, non additive presentation of weight according to
-fuzzy measure, Choquet fuzzy integral.
A Variational Inequality Model of Traffic Assignment By Considering Directional Delays Without Network Expansion
SHIN, Seongil ; CHOI, Keechoo ; KIM, Jeong Hyun ;
Journal of Korean Society of Transportation, volume 20, issue 1, 2002, Pages 77~90
Network expansion has been an inevitable method for most traffic equilibrium assignments to consider intersection movements such as intersection delays. The drawback of network expansion is that because it dramatically increases network sizes to emulate possible directional movements as corresponding links, not only is complexities for building network amplified, but computational performance is shrunk. This paper Proposes a new variational inequality formulation for a user-optimal traffic equilibrium assignment model to explicitly consider directional delays without building expanded network structures. In the formulation, directional delay functions are directly embedded into the objective function, thus any modification of networks is not required. By applying a vine-based shortest Path algorithm into the diagonalization algorithm to solve the problem, it is additionally demonstrated that various loop-related movements such as U-Turn, P-Turn, etc., which are frequently witnessed near urban intersections, can also be imitated by blocking some turning movements of intersections. The proposed formulation expects to augment computational performance through reduction of network-building complexities.
Estimation of Pedestrian Capacity for Walkway
Journal of Korean Society of Transportation, volume 20, issue 1, 2002, Pages 91~99
The purpose of in this paper is to estimate the capacity and to suggest the level of service for pedestrian walkway. To estimate the pedestrian walkway capacity, Pedestrian density and speed were collected at the walkways in the subway station and the sidewalks. The simple linear repression of pedestrian density and speed models were developed for the relationships between the pedestrian flow rate and the pedestrian speed. The analysis results are as follow : First. the ranges of capacity for walkway were found minimum 106p/m/m and maximum 126p/m/m. The capacity of walkway was suggested to 106p/m/m for 2001 KHCM. Second, it found that the range of the critical speeds were between 40m/minute and 43m/minute and the range of the critical densities were between 2.65 p/
and 2.85 p/
. Third, the range of level of service are similar to that of the 2,000 US HCM. This study suggests that occupancy, density and speed at Los E use 0.38
/p, 2.6 p/
and 40m/minute respectively.
Dynamic Network Loading Method and Its Application
Journal of Korean Society of Transportation, volume 20, issue 1, 2002, Pages 101~110
This study first explains general features of traffic assignment models and network loading methods, and investigates the relationship between them. Then it introduces a dynamic network loading method, which accounts far time variable additionally. First of all, this study suggests that it is important to consider some requirements for the dynamic network loading, such as causality, FIFO(First-In-First-Out) discipline, the flow propagation, and the flow conservation. The details of dynamic network loafing methods are explained in the form of algorithm, and numerical examples are shown in the test network by adopting deterministic queuing model for a link Performance function.
Analysis of Repeated Measurement Problem in SP data
CHO, Hye-Jin ;
Journal of Korean Society of Transportation, volume 20, issue 1, 2002, Pages 111~119
One of the advantages of SP methods is the possibility of getting a number of responses from each respondent. However, when the repeated observations from each respondent are analysed by applying the simple modeling method, a potential problem is created because of upbiased significance due to the repeated observation from each respondent. This study uses a variety of approaches to explore this issue and to test the robustness of the simple model estimates. Among several different approaches, the Jackknife method and Kocurs method were applied. The Jackknife method was implemented using a program JACKKNIFE. The model estimate results of Jackknife method and Kocurs method were compared with those of the uncorrected estimates in order to test whether there was repeated measurement problem or not and the extent to which this problem affected the model estimates. The standard errors between the uncorrected model estimates and Jackknife estimates were also compared. The results reveals that the t-ratios of Kocurs are much lower than those of the uncorrected method and Jackknife estimates, indicating that Kocurs method underestimates the significance of the coefficients. Jackknife method produced the almost same coefficients as those of the uncorrected model but the lower t-ratios. These results indicate that the coefficients of the uncorrected method are accurate but that their significance are somewhat overestimated. In this study. 1 concluded that the repeated measurement Problem did exist in our data, but that it did not affect the model estimation results significantly. It is recommended that such a test should become a standard procedure. If it turns out that the analysis based on the simple uncorrected method are influenced by the repeated measurement problem. it should be corrected.
A Study on Evaluation of Safety on Two-Lane Rural Highways
Journal of Korean Society of Transportation, volume 20, issue 1, 2002, Pages 121~130
Purpose of this paper is proposing technical evaluation method for safety on two-lane rural highways, this method can contribute to an establishment of the safety evaluation criteria and eventually contribute to the highway safety. In this study, accident data and field data(grade, radius, speed factor) are collected and are analyzed. And new technical evaluation method is proposed by problem in review of existent methods and analysis result. Property of new method is verified by comparing with existent one. Following are results of this study. 1) Proposed technical evaluation method is Proposed by using difference of speed variance and difference of acceleration. 2) In range of field survey, proposed method is more proper than existent one by comparing. 3) Headways under 6 second affect speed of next vehicle. 4) A point with the lowest speed in curve is placed about 35m from the beginning point. 5) Correlation of speed variance and severity of highway(EPDO) is statistically significant. For using proposed method, more tests are needed on other locations with various geometries. Moreover, advanced study is needed about classifying and giving the weight of each criterion.
Development of a model to predict Operating Speed
Journal of Korean Society of Transportation, volume 20, issue 1, 2002, Pages 131~139
This study introduces a developed artificial neural networks(ANN) model as a more efficient and reliable prediction model in operating speed Prediction with the 85th percentile horizontal curve of two-way rural highway in the aspect of evaluating highway design consistency. On the assumption that the speed is decided by highway geometry features, total 30 survey sites were selected. Data include currie radius, curve length, intersection angle, sight distance, lane width, and lane of those sites and were used as input layer data of the ANN. The optimized model structure was drawn by number of unit of hidden layer, learning coefficient, momentum coefficient, and change in learning frequency in multi-layer a ANN model. To verify learning Performance of ANN, 30 survey sites were selected while data in obtained from the 20 cites were used as learning data and those from the remaining 10 sites were used as predictive data. As a result of statistical verification, the model D of 4 types of ANN was evaluated as the most similar model to the actual operating speed value: R2 was 85% and %RMSE was 0.0204.
A Study on Estimating Level-of-Service for Pedestrian Facilities
Journal of Korean Society of Transportation, volume 20, issue 1, 2002, Pages 149~156