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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
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Journal of Korean Society of Transportation
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Journal DOI :
Korean Society of Transportation
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Volume & Issues
Volume 21, Issue 5 - Oct 2003
Volume 21, Issue 4 - Aug 2003
Volume 21, Issue 3 - Jun 2003
Volume 21, Issue 2 - Apr 2003
Volume 21, Issue 1 - Feb 2003
Volume 21, Issue 6 - Jan 2003
Selecting the target year
A Study on The Demand Management for Determination of Freeway Toll System
Journal of Korean Society of Transportation, volume 21, issue 3, 2003, Pages 7~14
Statistics shows that 80% of freeway users travel less than 50km, and only 8% of them do over 100km. It means that the freeway is used for commuting. As a result, the freeway is not used efficiently and social cost is high. The current toll system aims for the efficient usage of the freeway by restraining short-distance trips and inducing long-distance ones. Thus, policies such as minimum toll system and discount for long-distance trips have been carried out. However. these two policies take no account of demand management between the freeway and alternative roads. They merely consider the compensation for charge on users, so the assessment of discount rate and distinction of distance are not reasonable. Consequently, not only the effective demand management but also the evaluation of those policies has been difficult to be achieved. The objective of this paper is to analyze those problematic policies and to establish a reasonable and improved toll system. In addition, this study presents the methodology to minimize social cost, which can be achieved by reducing short trips and encouraging long ones on the freeway. A new methodology of freeway toll system is applied and the results are presented.
Marginal Effect Analysis of Travel Behavior by Count Data Model
Journal of Korean Society of Transportation, volume 21, issue 3, 2003, Pages 15~22
In general, the linear regression model has been used to estimate trip generation in the travel demand forecasting procedure. However, the model suffers from several methodological limitations. First, trips as a dependent variable with non-negative integer show discrete distribution but the model assumes that the dependent variable is continuously distributed between -
. Second, the model may produce negative estimates. Third, even if estimated trips are within the valid range, the model offers only forecasted trips without discrete probability distribution of them. To overcome these limitations, a poisson model with a assumption of equidispersion has frequently been used to analyze count data such as trip frequencies. However, if the variance of data is greater than the mean. the poisson model tends to underestimate errors, resulting in unreliable estimates. Using overdispersion test, this study proved that the poisson model is not appropriate and by using Vuong test, zero inflated negative binomial model is optimal. Model reliability was checked by likelihood test and the accuracy of model by Theil inequality coefficient as well. Finally, marginal effect of the change of socio-demographic characteristics of households on trips was analyzed.
A Study on Airplane Maintenance Engineers and Pilots Relationships and Effectiveness of Flight Operation
Journal of Korean Society of Transportation, volume 21, issue 3, 2003, Pages 23~35
This paper investigates the effectiveness of flight operation between airplane maintenance engineers and pilots who work together. The developed model is to identify the relationship between the attitudes of airplane maintenance engineers and pilots and the effectiveness of flight operation. The results indicate that the shared values and balanced power between airplane maintenance engineers and pilots are positively related with trust and job satisfaction, but conflict is negatively related. Further, trust and job satisfaction positively affect the effectiveness of flight operation. These findings suggest that the improvements of the relationships between airplane maintenance engineers and pilots need more efforts to ensure the aviation safety and efficient flights.
Evaluating the Alternative Options for Redevelopment of Airport Idle Facilities
Journal of Korean Society of Transportation, volume 21, issue 3, 2003, Pages 37~46
Over the last few years, the major airports in Asia have been operating at or close to their capacity. As a result, Korea, Japan, China, Hong Kong, Thailand, Malaysia, and Indonesia decided to expedite the development of new airports. Accordingly, some of the existing airports have been completely used as other functions or purposes and the others operated as a domestic airport. In the latter case, re-development plans are needed for idle facilities. This paper evaluates the alternative options for re-development of idle airport facilities of Seoul Gimpo International Airport. The proposed methodology makes it possible to provide a practical and applicable evaluation of airport re-development plan. In particular, it can take into account the qualitative aspects of different interesting groups such as airport experts. passengers and airport peripheral community. The interview was conducted in order to obtain the different groups' view. To evaluate and select the best option of the airport re-development, this study adopted a fuzzy linguistic approach.
Impact Analysis for Transit Oriented Street Design (A Case Study for Kangnam Street in Seoul)
Journal of Korean Society of Transportation, volume 21, issue 3, 2003, Pages 47~56
Considering the high density developments along the major traffic corridors in Seoul, transit-oriented street designs will be a very effective to control traffic congestion along the corridors. For testing the effectiveness, we selected. for our case study, Kangnam Street, which is one of the most highly developed corridors in Seoul The traffic study on Kangnam street in 2000 shows that the daily average bus speed is 11.73km/h, which is 5km/h lower than the auto speed. The Central Bus Lane system was applied on the Kangnam street to test impact on bus speed as well as auto speed. Simulation results show that with Central Bus Lane have been improved the travel speeds of bus as well as auto on Kangnam street from 14.4km/hr to 35.0km/hr and from 25.1km/hr to 26.1km/hr, respectively. The bus market share increases about 6-8 percentages. Especially, 13.4% of bus users are increased for long-distance trips.
Analysis of the Entry Capacity of Roundabouts
Journal of Korean Society of Transportation, volume 21, issue 3, 2003, Pages 59~69
Signalized intersections are widely used in urban street network. However, it was reported that a roundabout is better than a signalized intersection in terms of delay when the approaching traffic volume for each bound is low. The objective of this study is to develop entry capacity models of roundabout and establish the warrant for signalized intersection based on the delay. The entry capacity of a roundabout is determined by the circulating traffic volume and the geometric design of the roundabout such as the diameter of central island, entry lane widths, and the circulating roadway width. The traffic and geometric characteristics of four roundabouts were collected and analyzed. The study reveals that; i)among the geometric features, the diameter of central island and the circulating roadway width influence the entry capacity, and ii)even though it is difficult to compare the models of each country due to different geometric features considered in the models, the models developed in this study show higher capacity than the models from Israel or Germany. These seem to be attributed to the facts that; i)the outside diameters of the roundabouts selected in this study are larger than in the other studies, and ii)the acceptable gap in Korea is smaller than that in the other countries. In order to compare the performances of round- about and signalized intersection, the performance of roundabouts was evaluated with the SIDRA. The simulation was conducted only for the roundabouts composed of single lane. According to the result of the analysis, it may be concluded that when the approaching traffic volume for each bound is lower than 600pcph, a roundabout is better than a signalized intersection in terms of its operational performance.
Development of the Traffic Actuation Signal Control System Based on Fuzzy Logic on an Arterial Street
Journal of Korean Society of Transportation, volume 21, issue 3, 2003, Pages 71~83
An arterial street control is performed for the purpose of the progression of a traffic flow using the arterial. However during the progression in the arterial, the change according to the time is one of the most representative problems occurring at a signal plan. This paper intends to efficiently operate the arterial progression by applying fuzzy logic, which is thought to be the most possible one in the inference as that of the human logic, to the traffic responsive control system. Fuzzy Logic controller is appliable to the daily human language (linguistic). can be dealt with the uncertain traffic data and is useful on planning the signal control to sensitively confront the randomly changing traffic condition. This study, based on the signal control part of the isolated intersection in "A Development of a Real-time, Traffic Adaptive Control Scheme Through VIDs"(Seong Ho. Kim. 1996). suggested the strategy for the progression control in the arterial and analyzed its effect by comparing the effect of the existing control method. In addition, the study compared each effect by using TRAF-NETSIM which is the traffic simulation software to analyze each control method.
Simulation Analysis about Effects on Highway Network and Drivers under Information Providing Service
;IIDA, Yasunori;;UNO, Nobuhiro;
Journal of Korean Society of Transportation, volume 21, issue 3, 2003, Pages 85~96
To build traffic information providing services by ITS technology should be carried out effect analysis in the first step for social and individual advantages. The propose on this study is to make clear what influences of highway network by traffic information are, and what differences between drivers who use traffic information and drivers who do not use that for route choice are. For these propose. travel time and forecast error of travel time on network and traffic information dependence of driver are analyzed by simulation. As a result of analysis travel time and forecast error of travel time is that the efficiency and reliability of travel time were increased when getting more drivers using traffic information in network. Drivers who using traffic information had advantage of decrease of travel time and forecast error in only definite situation. traffic information dependence analysis presented that drivers are dependent upon information and reliability of traffic information is also increased when drivers using traffic information become on increasing in network. In conclusion, considering the range of the traffic information user ratio in this simulation, this study presents that the traffic information service provides an advantage to the highway network and the drivers, and increases the dependence of information.
Drivers' Learning Mechanism and Route Choice Behavior for Different Traffic Conditions
Journal of Korean Society of Transportation, volume 21, issue 3, 2003, Pages 97~106
When a route choice is done under uncertainty, a driver has some expectation of traffic conditions that will occur according to the route chosen. This study tries to build a framework in which we can observe the learning behavior of the drivers' expectations of the travel time under nonstationary environment. In order to investigate how drivers have their subjective expectations on traffic conditions in response to public information, a numerical experiment is carried out. We found that rational expectations(RE) formation about the route travel time can be expressed by the adaptive expectation model when the travel time changes in accordance with the nonstationary process which consists of permanent shock and transient shock. Also, we found that the adaptive parameter of the model converges to the fixed value corresponding to the route conditions.
Model Development Determining Probabilistic Ramp Merge Capacity Including Forced Merge Type
KIM, Sang Gu ;
Journal of Korean Society of Transportation, volume 21, issue 3, 2003, Pages 107~120
Over the decades, a lot of studies have dealt with the traffic characteristics and phenomena at a merging area. However, relatively few analytical techniques have been developed to evaluate the traffic flow at the area and, especially, the ramp merging capacity has rarely been. This study focused on the merging behaviors that were characterized by the relationship between the shoulder lane flow and the on-ramp flow, and modeled these behaviors to determine ramp merge capacity by using gap acceptance theory. In the process of building the model, both an ideal mergence and a forced mergence were considered when ramp-merging vehicles entered the gap provided by the flow of the shoulder lane. In addition, the model for the critical gap was proposed because the critical gap was the most influential factor to determine merging capacity in the developed models. The developed models showed that the merging capacity value was on the increase as the critical gap decreased and the shoulder lane volume increased. This study has a meaning of modeling the merging behaviors including the forced merging type to determine ramp merging capacity more precisely. The findings of this study would help analyze traffic phenomena and understand traffic behaviors at a merging area, and might be applicable to decide the primary parameters of on-ramp control by considering the effects of ramp merging flow.
Estimation of Crosswalk Pedestrian Volume at Signalized Intersection
Journal of Korean Society of Transportation, volume 21, issue 3, 2003, Pages 121~134
Forecasting models for crosswalk pedestrian volume, which consider safety of crosswalks and good traffic operation accidents, have been established in order to reduce total number of crosswalk pedestrian accidents. However, the existing models did not include pedestrian volume which seemed to be very significant in the forecasting models because there were no pedestrian volume related data and no methods of estimating pedestrian volume. This paper presents estimating models for the total number of trips, which are produced in zone i and attracted to zone j, and a process of estimating pedestrian volume in the goal year. First of all, the estimating models included the characteristics of land-use around a signalized intersection and the crosswalk pedestrian volume as factors. Secondly, the estimated crosswalk pedestrian volume was distributed to the crosswalk pedestrian volume each path in the basic year by friction factors of Gravity Model, adjustment factors for area and ratio of pedestrian volume who moved diagonally at the crosswalk. Thirdly, the estimating models of crosswalk pedestrian volume in the goal year were presented by using the distributed crosswalk pedestrian volume.
A Study on the Traction System and Cost Calculation of the Illegal Parking Car (Centering around Bucheon City)
Journal of Korean Society of Transportation, volume 21, issue 3, 2003, Pages 143~156