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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
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Journal of Korean Society of Transportation
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Korean Society of Transportation
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Volume & Issues
Volume 23, Issue 8 - Dec 2005
Volume 23, Issue 7 - Dec 2005
Volume 23, Issue 6 - Oct 2005
Volume 23, Issue 4 - Sep 2005
Volume 23, Issue 5 - Aug 2005
Volume 23, Issue 3 - Jun 2005
Volume 23, Issue 2 - Jan 2005
Volume 23, Issue 1 - Jan 2005
Selecting the target year
Our Dream of New Transportation Network
Sin, Gwang-Sun ;
Journal of Korean Society of Transportation, volume 23, issue 1, 2005, Pages 5~6
A Hierarchical Approach for Diagnose of Safety Performance and Factor Identification for Black Spots (Black on Suwon-city)
Kim, Suk-Hui ; Jang, Jeong-A ; Choe, Gi-Ju ;
Journal of Korean Society of Transportation, volume 23, issue 1, 2005, Pages 9~20
Accident type and/or factor identification is important in accident reduction planning. The aim of this paper is to apply the hierarchical approach with binomial distribution and logistic regression analysis to find out types and factors, respectively. Based on 2001 Suwon city black spot data, a binomial distribution modeling approach has been applied to diagnose the black spots, with the help of safety performance modeling approach has been applied to diagnose the black spots, with the help of safety performance function. Then, the logistic regression analysis has been employed to identify the critical factors. Some accident remedies are also reviewed in the light of the model outcomes. The proposed research framework sheds light on a different accident related research and can also be successfully applied to similar studies and sites.
The Enforcement Scheme of the Overspeeding vehicle by Travel Speed
Han, Won-Seop ; Kim, Man-Bae ; Hyeon, Cheol-Seung ; Yu, Seong-Jun ;
Journal of Korean Society of Transportation, volume 23, issue 1, 2005, Pages 21~32
At present automated speed enforcement system in Korea control overspeed vehicle only in the specific spot. Because the drivers generally recognize the previous stated fact, they reduce a speed only in the establishment location of systems and increase rapidly again as soon as it passes the location. we have known that the rate of traffic risk at the tunnel, bridge and curve road segment is higher than other road section. Therefore, it needs speed control in them. In such a case, it is necessary to establish the automated traffic enforcement system based on the travel time speed of an individual vehicle over a pre defined stretch of road. In this study, the application limit of existing spot overspeed enforcement system was studied through an analysis of traffic flow characteristics in the tunnel, bridge and curve section. Also we found out the optimal distance of segment and the most suitable location to an application of the overspeed vehicle by travel time speed through an analysis of the road structure, traffic condition and accident numbers in the road.
A Study on Crash Causations for Railroad-Highway Crossings
O, Ju-Taek ; Sin, Seong-Hun ; Seong, Nak-Mun ; Park, Dong-Ju ; Choe, Eun-Su ;
Journal of Korean Society of Transportation, volume 23, issue 1, 2005, Pages 33~44
Railroad crossing crashes are fewer than road crashes, but with regard to crash severity, they can be serious injury crashes. There should be, therefore, enormous efforts to increase the safety of railroad crossings. The objective of this paper is to identify and understand factors associated with railroad crossing crashes. Statistical models are used to examine the relationships between crossing accidents and geometric elements of crossings. The results show the Poisson model is the most appropriate method for the crossing accidents, because overdispersion was not observed. This study identifies seven significant factors associated with railroad crossing crashes through the main and variant models. With regard to explanatory factors on crossing safety, the total traffic volume, daily train volume, presence of commercial area around crossings, distance of train detector from crossings, time duration between the activation of warning signals and gates, crossing types, and speed hump were found to affect the safety of railroad crossings.
A Study on the Evaluation of Service Quality Index for International Airport Using MCJ
Lee, Seung-Chang ; Lee, Gang-Seok ;
Journal of Korean Society of Transportation, volume 23, issue 1, 2005, Pages 45~54
The main purpose of this study is located at developing Ominibus Monitoring System(OMS) for the purpose of the internal management, which enable to establish job standards, find out matters to be improved, and appreciate for its treatment in a systematic way. It is through developing subjective or objective estimation tool with use of importance, perceived level, and complex index at international airport by each principal service items, The direction of this study came towards for the purpose of developing a metric analysis tool, utilizing the Quantitative Secondary Data, Analysing Perceived Data through airport user surveys, systemizing the data collection-input-analysis process, making data image according to the graph of results, planning service encounter and endowing control attribution, and ensuring competitiveness at the minimal international standards. It is much important to set up a pre-investigation plan on the base of existent foreign literature and actual inspection to international airport. Two tasks have been executed together on the base of this pre-investigation; one is developing subjective estimation standards for departing party, entering party, and airport residence and the other is developing objective standards as complementary methods. The study has processed for the monitoring services at airports regularly and irregularly through developing software system for operating standards after ensuring credibility and feasibility of estimation standards with substantial and statistical way.
Prioritization of ASEAN Highway Development Using ANalytic Hierarchy Process
Han, Sang-Jin ; Park, Jun-Seok ; Jeong, Yu-Jin ;
Journal of Korean Society of Transportation, volume 23, issue 1, 2005, Pages 55~66
Association of South East Asian Nations(ASEAN) has recently decided to develop ASEAN Highway Network to connect member countries by road in an attempt to achieve a goal of closer economic integration in the region. This entailed the necessity to newly construct or upgrade some 5,481 km of road sections to make ASEAN Highway Network functional. This study offers haw we can prioritize development of these road sections using the Analytic Hierarchy Process. Particularly, it shows how individual road sections can be prioritized considering the importance of corridor or road group where the individual road section lies. It also develops how values of different evaluation criteria can be compared in the same scale. This new approach can be useful in prioritizing highway development in such cases where candidate road sections are widely scattered around the region, so detailed benefit and cost analysis is practically too demanding to carry out.
Comparison of Delay Estimates for Signalized Intersection
Jo, Jun-Han ; Jo, Yong-Chan ; Kim, Seong-Ho ;
Journal of Korean Society of Transportation, volume 23, issue 1, 2005, Pages 67~80
In this paper, the primary objective of the research are to review the methods currently avaliable for estimating the delay incurred by vehicles at signalized intersections. The paper compares the delay estimates from a deterministic queueing model, a model based on shock wave theory , the steady-state Webster model, the queue-based models defined in the 1994 and 2001 version of the High way Capacity Manual, in addition to the delays estimated from the TRANSYT-7F macroscopic simulation and NETSIM microscopic simulation. More especially, this paper is to compare the delay estimates obtained using macroscopic and microscopic simulation tools against state-of-the practice analytical models that are derived from deterministic queueing and shock wave analysis theory. The results of the comparisons indicate that all delay models produce relatively similar results for signalized intersections with low traffic demand, but that increasing differences occur as the traffic demand approaches saturation. In particular, when the TRANSYT-7F and NETSIM are compared, it is highly differences as approach for traffic condition to over-saturation. Also, the NETSIM microscopic simulation is the lowest estimates among the various models.
A Methodology for Estimating Section Travel Times Using Individual Vehicle Features
O, Cheol ;
Journal of Korean Society of Transportation, volume 23, issue 1, 2005, Pages 83~92
This study if the first trial toward realizing a new methodology for vehicle re-identification based on heterogeneous sensor systems. A major interest of the author is how to effectively utilize information obtained from different sensors to derive accurate and reliable section travel times. The 'blade' sensor that is a newly developed sensor for capturing vehicle wheel information and the existing square loop sensor are employed to extract the inputs of the proposed vehicle re-identification algorithm. The fundamental idea of the algorithm developed in this study, which is so called 'anonumous vehicle re-identification,' it to match vehicle features obtained from both sensors. The results of the algorithm evaluation reveal that the proposed methodology could be successfully implemented in the field. The proposed methodology would be an invaluable tool for operating agencies in support of traffic monitoring systems and traveler information systems.
Origin-Destination Estimation Based on Cellular Phone's Base Station
Kim, Si-Gon ; Yu, Byeong-Seok ; Gang, Seung-Pil ;
Journal of Korean Society of Transportation, volume 23, issue 1, 2005, Pages 93~102
An Origin-Destination (O/D) is considered as one of the important information in route choices and trip assignments. A household interview survey is deemed to be the traditional and the most widely used method in making sample O/D and its conversion to the total O/D. Some researchers have studied to estimate dynamic O/D from the relationship between link volumes and trip assignment model. Nowadays, owing to the recent rapid spread of cellular phones. Location information of the cellular phone through the Base Station(BS) is considered as an alternative to O/D estimation. In this study, the methodology of generating BS-based O/D and the methodology of converting this O/D into an administrative district-based O/D are proposed. The information of GPS positions and cellular BS positions have acquired by establishing GPS equipment and cellular phone on taxies in Cheongju. Three weeks data are collected and used in estimating O/D by matching them on a digital map. Scatter diagram and sample correlation coefficients are used to investigate the similarity of the GPS-based O/D pattern among weeks, among days, and among times in day. The results show that there are few significant differences among weeks. But there is a difference in O/C pattern between weekday and weekend. Furthermore, there is a difference between morning peak and afternoon peak. Two methodologies are proposed to convert BS-based O/D into an administrative district-based O/D. The first one is to use the distribution pattern of GPS coordinates, the other is to use the coverage area of the BSs. To validate such converted O/D, GPS O/D is used as a true value. The statical analyses through scatter diagram, MAE and RMSE shows that there is few significant defference of pattern between the estimated BS-based O/D and GPS O/D. In the case of using only cellular information, the methodology using coverage area of the BSs is recommended for estimating O/D.
Finding the K Least Fare Routes In the Distance-Based Fare Policy
Lee, Mi-Yeong ; Baek, Nam-Cheol ; Mun, Byeong-Seop ; Gang, Won-Ui ;
Journal of Korean Society of Transportation, volume 23, issue 1, 2005, Pages 103~114
The transit fare resulted from the renovation of public transit system in Seoul is basically determined based on the distance-based fare policy (DFP). In DFP, the total fare a passenger has to pay for is calculated by the basic-transfer-premium fare decision rule. The fixed amount of the basic fare is first imposed when a passenger get on a mode and it lasts within the basic travel distance. The transfer fare is additionally imposed when a passenger switches from one mode to another and the fare of the latter mode is higher than the former. The premium fare is also another and the fare of the latter begins to exceed the basic travel distance and increases at the proportion of the premium fare distance. The purpose of this study is to propose an algorithm for finding K number of paths, paths that are sequentially sorted based on total amount of transit fare, under DFP of the idstance-based fare policy. For this purpose, the link mode expansion technique is proposed in order to save notations associated with the travel modes. Thus the existing K shortest path algorithms adaptable for uni-modal network analysis are applicable to the analysis for inter-modal transportation networks. An optimality condition for finding the K shortest fare routes is derived and a corresponding algorithms is developed. The case studies demonstrate that the proposed algorithm may play an important role to provide diverse public transit information considering fare, travel distance, travel time, and number of transfer.