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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
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Journal of Korean Society of Transportation
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Journal DOI :
Korean Society of Transportation
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Volume & Issues
Volume 23, Issue 8 - Dec 2005
Volume 23, Issue 7 - Dec 2005
Volume 23, Issue 6 - Oct 2005
Volume 23, Issue 4 - Sep 2005
Volume 23, Issue 5 - Aug 2005
Volume 23, Issue 3 - Jun 2005
Volume 23, Issue 2 - Jan 2005
Volume 23, Issue 1 - Jan 2005
Selecting the target year
A Develpment of System Dynamics Model for Airport Sustainability Assessment
Yu, Gwang-Ui ; Kim, Won-Gyu ; Kim, Byeong-Jong ; Kim, Mi-Gyeong ;
Journal of Korean Society of Transportation, volume 23, issue 2, 2005, Pages 7~24
A large scale international airport is an essential ingredient of the regional and the national economy. It helps the regional and the national economy booming. On the other hand, some international airport forms a region by itself with the surrounding community, which tends to keep growing. The airport development can be viewed as a sort of regional development and its sustainability needs to be examined during both planning phase and operating phase. n this paper, a system dynamic model is proposed to access the sustainability of airport develpment and the model is applied to address the sustainability of Korea's new international airport. Incheon International Airport, develpment. The study reveals that the phase 2 facilities need to be built quickly to meet anticipated future traffic and that the air pollutants need to be reduced by 6% to keep the airport development sustainable.
Modeling the Distribution Demand Estimation for Urban Rail Transit
Kim, Dae-Ung ; Park, Cheol-Gu ; Choe, Han-Gyu ;
Journal of Korean Society of Transportation, volume 23, issue 2, 2005, Pages 25~36
In this study, we suggested a new approach method forecasting distribution demand of urban rail transit usign fuzzy control, with intend to reflect irregularity and various functional relationship between trip length and distribution demand. To establish fuzzy control model and test this model, the actual trip volume(production, attraction and distribution volume) and trip length (space distance between a departure and arrival station) of Daegu subway line 1 were used. Firstly, usign these data we established a fuzzy control model, nd the estimation accuracy of the model was examined and compared with that of generalized gravity model. The results showed that the fuzzy control model was superior to gravity model in accuracy of estimation. Therefore, wwe found that fuzzy control was able to be applied as a effective method to predict the distribution demand of urban rail transit. Finally, to increase the estimation precision of the model, we expect studies that define membership functions and set up fuzzy rules organized with neural networks.
Economic Spillover Effects of Airport Investment on Regional Production
Lee, Yeong-Hyeok ; Yu, Gwang-Ui ; Kim, Min-Seon ;
Journal of Korean Society of Transportation, volume 23, issue 2, 2005, Pages 37~50
This study analyzes the effect of airport investment on GRDP(Gross Regional Domestic Product) using Regional Production Function with public investment on social infrastructure. Particularly it includes the spillover effect of airport investment on the economies of neighbor regions beyond border. We estimate regional production function with the independent variable of airport investment stock using panel data with regional cross-section and time-series data. In the analysis with aggregate data of all industries, it shows the positive relationship between airport investment and GRDP which implies the affirmative effect of airport investment on regional economy in the aspects of direct and indirect spill-over effects. On the contrary, the research results of each industry do not appear to be the same. With the different characteristics of each industry, the direct and indirect effect may not be the same and the SOC investment contributes to the restructuring of regional economy by altering the industrial organizations of any specific region and its neighbors.
Development and Evaluation of Pick-Up and Delivery Strategy of Container Truck at Rail-Road Transshipment Terminal
Jeong, Seung-Ju ;
Journal of Korean Society of Transportation, volume 23, issue 2, 2005, Pages 51~60
Rail-road intermodal freight transport is a transoortation system that rail and road transport are utilized between origins and destinations. The roles of road(truck) in rail-road intermodal freight transport are pick-up and delivery that are keys parts of total transportation process. The objective of this study is to develop and evaluate the pick-up and delivery strategies for container trucks in order to increase their productivity. Two different strategies are developed : One is aimed for minimizing the total traveling distance of container and the other is to reduce the waiting time at client site. The comparative studies are performed on the actual network of Paris metropolitan. The simulation analysis shows that the proposed strategies are quite efficient in various performance measures.
A study of Drivers' Behaviors using a Driving Simulator(with Special Reference of Driving Anger and Traffic Congestion
Song, Hye-Su ; Sin, Yong-Gyun ; Gang, Su-Cheol ;
Journal of Korean Society of Transportation, volume 23, issue 2, 2005, Pages 61~74
This study is to investigate the effects of driving anger and traffic congestion on drivers' behaviors. Driving anger is the propensity to become angry while driving, and people differ in the tendency to get angry when encountering frustration and provocation on the road. Individual differences of the propensity contribute to anger on the road and aggressive driving leading traffic vaiolations and accidents. In the experiment three traffic conditions (an open road condition, a bumper-to-bumper traffic condition and a being stuck behind a slower driver condition) were simulated and driving behaviors were collected with RTSA-DS(Road Traffic Safety Authority-Driving Simulator). The results were as follows: Most of high anger drives drove at higher speeds in an open road condition, and in the bumper-to-bumper condition they drove faster and had an higher crash rate, which suggests they did aggressive driving, and risky and unsafe behaviors.
KTX Impact on the Inter-Regional Transportation System
Lee, Jin-Seon ; Kim, Gyeong-Tae ;
Journal of Korean Society of Transportation, volume 23, issue 2, 2005, Pages 75~82
To relieve congestion in the current system of intercity transportation, the Korea decided in 1990 to construct a high-speed railroad between Seoul and Busan and it is now in operation. This new mode of transportation significantly cut travel time between major cities and a trip from Seoul to the southeastern port of Busan. Since the KTX opening, average daily passenger numbers on both the Gyeongbu and Honam lines have increased about 1.3 fold over 2003 levels. As of December 2004, the KTX trains are carrying about 81,000 people a day. On KTX routes, the daily number of airline passengers dropped. Express long-distance bus traffic also dropped by 20% to 30%, while that on short-distance routes (100km or less) increased by about 20%. These figures clearly indicate that the Korean transportation network is becoming railroad-centric. However, the number of KTX passengers is fewer than anticipated possibly due to the Korean economic downturn and the operation of the KTX will leave many existing Saemaul and Mugunghwa train sets idle, which will be put into operation for areas, not covered by the KTX. When all the existing major lines have been electrified, more high-speed rail services will be phased in using direct connections to maximize operational efficiency. And also, the dual management by KTX and conventional rail will be regarded as the promotion of the benefit of the public.
Appropriate Stock and Investment Estimation through International Comparison of Surface-Transportation Infrastructure Stock
Lee, Jae-Min ; Sin, Hui-Cheol ;
Journal of Korean Society of Transportation, volume 23, issue 2, 2005, Pages 83~92
We try to evaluate the stock level of Korean transportation infrastructure comparing Korean SOC stock level with those of OECD countries. In order to do so, we work on indices to show the transportation infrastructure stock levels of various countries. Among several indices, we select the effective road-extension rate per population density and the effective railroad-extension rate per population density corresponding to road and railroad. We compare Korean road and railroad stock levels with those of OECD countries, to make use of the effective road-extension rate per population density and effective railroad-extension rate per population density. We choose the Britain, Greece, Portugal, and Sweden to compare Korea because their sizes of population and territory are similar to those of Korea. Using International comparison, we arrive at the conclusion that Korean road and railroad stock levels are 63.4% and 53.2% of those of four countries respectively. In addition, we estimate the target level of road and railroad stocks and compute the target level of investments in road and railroad based on the result.
Estimation of Freeway Traffic Accident Rate using Traffic Volume and Trip Length
Baek, Seung-Geol ; Jang, Hyeon-Ho ; Gang, Jeong-Gyu ;
Journal of Korean Society of Transportation, volume 23, issue 2, 2005, Pages 95~106
Road accidents are considered as the result of a complex interplay between road, vehicle, environments, and human factors. Little study, however, has been carried out on the attributes of human factor compared to the road geometric conditions and traffic conditions. The previous researches focused on mainly both traffic and geometric conditions on specific location. Therefore, it's hard to explain phenomenon of the high traffic accident rates where road and traffic conditions are good. Because of these reasons, accident analysis has contributed on geometric improvement and has not contributed on traffic management such as selection of attention section, driver napping alert, etc. The freeway incident management is also associated with reliable prediction of incident occurrences on freeway sections. This paper presents a method for estimating the effect of trip length on freeway accident rate. A PAR (Potential Accident Ratio), the new concept of accident analysis, considering TLFDs (Trip Length Frequency Distributions) is suggested in this paper. This approach can help to strengthen freeway management and to reduce the likelihood of accidents.
Development of Vehicle Arrival Time Prediction Algorithm Based on a Demand Volume
Kim, Ji-Hong ; Lee, Gyeong-Sun ; Kim, Yeong-Ho ; Lee, Seong-Mo ;
Journal of Korean Society of Transportation, volume 23, issue 2, 2005, Pages 107~116
The information on travel time in providing the information of traffic to drivers is one of the most important data to control a traffic congestion efficiently. Especially, this information is the major element of route choice of drivers, and based on the premise that it has the high degree of confidence in real situation. This study developed a vehicle arrival time prediction algorithm called as "VAT-DV" for 6 corridors in total 6.1Km of "Nam-san area trffic information system" in order to give an information of congestion to drivers using VMS, ARS, and WEB. The spatial scope of this study is 2.5km~3km sections of each corridor, but there are various situations of traffic flow in a short period because they have signalized intersections in a departure point and an arrival point of each corridor, so they have almost characteristics of interrupted and uninterrupted traffic flow. The algorithm uses the information on a demand volume and a queue length. The demand volume is estimated from density of each points based on the Greenburg model, and the queue length is from the density and speed of each point. In order to settle the variation of the unit time, the result of this algorithm is strategically regulated by importing the AVI(Automatic Vehicle Identification), one of the number plate matching methods. In this study, the AVI travel time information is composed by Hybrid Model in order to use it as the basic parameter to make one travel time in a day using ILD to classify the characteristics of the traffic flow along the queue length. According to the result of this study, in congestion situation, this algorithm has about more than 84% degree of accuracy. Specially, the result of providing the information of "Nam-san area traffic information system" shows that 72.6% of drivers are available.
A User Optimer Traffic Assignment Model Reflecting Route Perceived Cost
Lee, Mi-Yeong ; Baek, Nam-Cheol ; Mun, Byeong-Seop ; Gang, Won-Ui ;
Journal of Korean Society of Transportation, volume 23, issue 2, 2005, Pages 117~130
In both deteministic user Optimal Traffic Assignment Model (UOTAM) and stochastic UOTAM, travel time, which is a major ccriterion for traffic loading over transportation network, is defined by the sum of link travel time and turn delay at intersections. In this assignment method, drivers actual route perception processes and choice behaviors, which can become main explanatory factors, are not sufficiently considered: therefore may result in biased traffic loading. Even though there have been some efforts in Stochastic UOTAM for reflecting drivers' route perception cost by assuming cumulative distribution function of link travel time, it has not been fundamental fruitions, but some trials based on the unreasonable assumptions of Probit model of truncated travel time distribution function and Logit model of independency of inter-link congestion. The critical reason why deterministic UOTAM have not been able to reflect route perception cost is that the route perception cost has each different value according to each origin, destination, and path connection the origin and destination. Therefore in order to find the optimum route between OD pair, route enumeration problem that all routes connecting an OD pair must be compared is encountered, and it is the critical reason causing computational failure because uncountable number of path may be enumerated as the scale of transportation network become bigger. The purpose of this study is to propose a method to enable UOTAM to reflect route perception cost without route enumeration between an O-D pair. For this purpose, this study defines a link as a least definition of path. Thus since each link can be treated as a path, in two links searching process of the link label based optimum path algorithm, the route enumeration between OD pair can be reduced the scale of finding optimum path to all links. The computational burden of this method is no more than link label based optimum path algorithm. Each different perception cost is embedded as a quantitative value generated by comparing the sub-path from the origin to the searching link and the searched link.
A Development of Punctuality Index for Bus Operation and Analysis of its Characteristics
Go, Seung-Yeong ; Park, Jun-Sik ; Kim, Eun-Ho ;
Journal of Korean Society of Transportation, volume 23, issue 2, 2005, Pages 131~142
Punctuality of bus operation can be defined as "timely operation of buses according to their operation schedules." It tis often considered as one of the important measures of bus operation reliability in evaluating bus operation performance from the viewpoint of bus users. Passenger waiting times are severely influenced by the punctuality of bus operations. However, there exist many situations that predetermined schedules cannot be met. In these cases, other definitions of punctuality should be given. This paper is to develop punctuality indexes of bus operation based on various bus operating situations. Bus operation data sampled from Seoul bus system were analyzed to calculate punctuality indexes for a number of bus routes. Then, bus operation punctuality was characterized by various operating conditions. Several interesting results were obtained and explained.
Development of a Trip Distribution Model by Iterative Method Based on Target Year's O-D Matrix
Yu, Yeong-Geun ;
Journal of Korean Society of Transportation, volume 23, issue 2, 2005, Pages 143~150
Estimation of trip distribution, estimated O-D matrix must satisfy the condition that the sum of trips in a row should equal the trip production, and the sum of trips in a column should equal the trip attraction. In most cases the iterative calculation for convergence is needed to satisfy this condition. Most of all present convergence of iterative methods may results a big difference between estimated value and converged value, and from this, the trip distribution patterns may be changed. This paper presents a new convergence of iterative method that comes closer to meeting the convergence condition and gives the maximum likelihood estimation for calculating a distribution patterns from the trip distribution estimation model. The newly developed method differs from existing methods in three important ways. First, it simultaneously considers both the convergence condition and the distribution patterns. Second, it computers simultaneous convergence of rows and columns instead of iterating respectively. Third, instead of using the growth rates to the trip production, trip attraction, it uses the differences between trip production and sum of trips in a row, and trip attraction and sum of trips in a column. Using 38 by 38 O-D matrix, this paper compared the Fratar method and the Furness method to the newly developed method and found that this method was superior to the other two methods.
Determining Level-of-Service Criteria of Headway Adherence
Go, Seung-Yeong ; Park, Jun-Sik ;
Journal of Korean Society of Transportation, volume 23, issue 2, 2005, Pages 151~160
In case of public transit such as bus system, the probability concept is used to evaluate the Level-of-Service of the operations. And each levels could be classified according to the linear probability value. (TCQSM: Transit Capacity and Quality of Service Manual-2nd Edition, TRB, Washington DC., 2003) In this case, the drivers or passengers wouldn't think that the service level isn't equivalent to the linear probability value. Thus the linear probability value doesn't exactly reflect the service level. This study shows the problems of using the linear probability value in classifying the service level through the case of evaluation of bus operation's punctuality, presented in TCQSM. To make up for the problems of such case, two methodologies are presented in this study. The method of determining Level-of-Service criteria using probability density of headway variation's distribution, presented in this paper, adequately reflects passenger's expected waiting time. According to the application result to real bus operation data, it tis better than the method of TCQSM to evaluate the reliability of bus operations. However further research about the relations between utility difference and passenger feeling of service level in necessary to apply the method that uses the utility function. It remains as the limitation of this paper.
Develpment of Analysis and Evaluation Model for a bus Transit Route Network Design
Han, Jong-Hak ; Lee, Seung-Jae ; Kim, Jong-Hyeong ;
Journal of Korean Society of Transportation, volume 23, issue 2, 2005, Pages 161~172
This study is to develop Bus Transit Route Analysis and Evaluation Model that can product the quantitative performance measures for Bus Transit Route Network Design. So far, in Korea, there are no so many models that evaluate a variety of other performance measures or service quality that are of concern to both the transit users and operator because of lower-level bus database system and transit route network analysis algorithm's limit. The BTRAEM in this research differ from the previous approach in that the BTRAEM employs a multiple path transit trip assignment model that explicitly considers the transfer and different travel time after boarding. And we develop input-output data structure and quantitative performance measure for the BTRAEM. In the numerical experimental applying BTRAEM to Mandl transit network, We got the meaningful results on performance measure of bus transit route network. In the future, we expect BTRAEM to give a good solution in real transit network.