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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
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Journal of Korean Society of Transportation
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Journal DOI :
Korean Society of Transportation
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Volume & Issues
Volume 23, Issue 8 - Dec 2005
Volume 23, Issue 7 - Dec 2005
Volume 23, Issue 6 - Oct 2005
Volume 23, Issue 4 - Sep 2005
Volume 23, Issue 5 - Aug 2005
Volume 23, Issue 3 - Jun 2005
Volume 23, Issue 2 - Jan 2005
Volume 23, Issue 1 - Jan 2005
Selecting the target year
Determination of Highway Design Speed Based on Reclassification of Highway Functions and Terrain Types
Shim, Kywan-Bho ; Choi, Jai-Sung ; Hwang, Kyung-Soo ;
Journal of Korean Society of Transportation, volume 23, issue 6, 2005, Pages 7~18
Currently, design speed selection is chosen by highway function, terrain type and area type. But some standards in classifing highway function let designer decide design speed in an arbitrary manner and too rough a highway function classification system leads to a road function which can not reflect road design, and some ambiguity of terrain type leads to a road which can not reflect land use pattern. Highway design based on traffic volume level without considering area type can result high construction cost. This research paper provides new highway design standards which are based on the refinement of highway design speed selection procedure. The new design speed is summarized to be determined by a more detailed highway function, terrain type, and area type that were made considering South Korean characteristics. The new highway function is established by adopting highway function reclassification and design volumes and rural town center reclassification and new design standards for terrain type selection are developed in this research by analyzing South Korean GIS Data Base obtained over the national government offices.
Development of Path Travel Time Distribution Estimation Algorism
Lee, Young-Woo ;
Journal of Korean Society of Transportation, volume 23, issue 6, 2005, Pages 19~30
The objective of this research is to keep track of path travel time using methods of collecting traffic data. Users of traffic information are looking for extensive information on path travel time, which is referred to as the time taken for traveling from the origin to the destination. However, all the information available is the average path travel times, which is a simple sum of the average link travel times. The average path travel time services are not up to the expectation of traffic information consumers. To improve provide more accurate path travel time services, this research makes a number of different estimates of various path travel times on one path, assuming it will be under the same condition, and provides a range of estimates with their probabilities to the consumers, who are looking for detailed information. To estimate the distribution of the path travel times as a combination of link travel times. this research analyzes the relation between the link travel time and path travel time. Based on the result of the estimation. this research develops the algorithm that combines the distribution of link travel time and estimates the path travel time based on the link travel times. This algorithm was tested and proven to be highly reliable for estimating the path traffic time.
The Analysis of Competitiveness between Incheon International Airport and main Asia Airports in Air Cargoes (An Application of Reversed Fuzzy Evaluation and Senario Model)
Chung, Tae-Won ; Park, Young-Tae ;
Journal of Korean Society of Transportation, volume 23, issue 6, 2005, Pages 31~40
Main airports in the Intra-Asian market have faced competition not only to attract China-bound transshipment cargoes but also to be hub airport in same region. In spite of such a importance, the previous research has been short of evaluation of airport competitiveness. Implication of the previous research has mainly been focused on evaluation of airport critical factor service qualify and efficiency. The aim of this paper is to present critical points that affect airport competitiveness using an algorithm based on reversed fuzzy evaluation and senario method. The results of senario analysis and reversed fuzzy evaluation shows that Incheon international airport needs to enhance service level of 7% as a result of senario analysis and service level of 5% and brand equity level of 10% at the same time as a result of reversed fuzzy evaluation analysis, to ensure competitiveness in same region.
A Study on the Altitude Restrictions of Obstructions outside Airport Obstacle Limitation Surfaces of Korea
Yang, Han-Mo ; Kim, Byung-Jong ; Kim, Do-Hyun ;
Journal of Korean Society of Transportation, volume 23, issue 6, 2005, Pages 41~53
The effective utilization of an airport is considerably influenced by natural features and man-made structures inside and outside its boundary. These obstacles affect the airspace available for approaches and departures and the weather minima which dictates the necessary weather conditions for aircraft to be allowed to take-off or land. Certain areas of the airspace near airports must be regarded as the integral parts of the airport system. The availability of the required airspace is as important as are the runway and their associated strips to the safe and efficient use of the airport. For these reasons, ICAO and the member states have established the standards regarding the obstacle limitation surfaces and regulated the construction of the man-made structures in and beyond the surfaces. Existing objects that extend above a obstacle limitation surfaces should as for as practicable be removed except when, in the opinion of the appropriate authority, an objects is shielded an existing immovable objects, or after aeronautical study it is determined that the object would not adversely affect the safety or significantly affect the regularity of operations of airplanes. However, Korea's aviation law does not specified the outer horizontal surface in the obstacle limitation surfaces, while ICAO and most member states do. The absence of the outer horizontal surface regulation has created legal disputes between regulating agencies and private parties. The case study in this paper found that a skyscraper planned beyond Korea's obstacle limitation surfaces does affect the flight safety and the efficient use of an airport. Therefore, in areas beyond the obstacle limitation surfaces. those objects which extend to a height of 150m or more above ground elevation should be regarded as obstacle, unless a special aeronautical study indicates that they do not constitute a hazard to airplanes. We proposed low alternative regulatory schemes for resolving the issues raised in this paper, and we recommended to adopt ICAO's standards and recommended practices.
A Study on Establishment and Operation of Airways Concerning Legal and Political Issues
Kim, Maeng-Sern ; Yoo, Kwang-Eui ;
Journal of Korean Society of Transportation, volume 23, issue 6, 2005, Pages 55~67
There are 24 airways in Incehon IFR, including 11 domestic routes and 13 international routes. The airways designated by ministry of Transportation and Construction are the routes for aircraft to fly being serviced by air traffic control system for flight safety. This study reviewed safety situation of existing permanent airways within Incheon IFR and temporary airways connecting North and South Korea. The study tried to identify the problems related to airway operation and to suggest solutions to the questionable area. The main findings are as follows: It is necessary to improve the existing normal airway systems and enlargement of the route. The airway A593 has to be upgraded to normal route. The temporary airways established to connect Seoul and Pyongyang also needs to be upgraded by air traffic control transfer agreement between two Koreas.
Traffic Flow Analysis by Delay Penalty and Road Pricing
Byun, Wan-Hee ; Kim, Ju-Hyun ; Choi, Byun-Kuk ; Song, Doo-Suk ;
Journal of Korean Society of Transportation, volume 23, issue 6, 2005, Pages 71~80
With rapid development Telematics industry, the concern of dynamic road pricing system is increasing. In this study, the change of traffic flows according to traffic information and variation of congestion road prices related to the dynamic road pricing was analyzed. In this study, three facts were unfolded. First, high delay penalty and low delay penalty drivers are shown different reaction for the different congestion road prices. Second, the higher congestion road prices the more drivers convert their route from toll road to non toll road. Third, high penalty drivers are converting to toll road than low delay penalty drivers under same congestion road prices. This study has reached the conclusion that dynamic congestion pricing has a high possibility for traffic management.
Investigating the Monetary Value of Bus Arrival Time Information
Bin, Mi-Young ; Kim, Hyo-Bin ;
Journal of Korean Society of Transportation, volume 23, issue 6, 2005, Pages 81~89
Real-time bus arrival information within the Bus Information System (BIS) is an invaluable resource for users that demand accurate and up-to-date bus headway information while waiting at a bus stop. The associated benefits of such a system come in two folds, that is to 1) resolve the psychological uncertainty caused by the lack of real-time bus arrival information and 2) empower the user waiting at bus stops with the ability to reliably coordinate various tasks and errands, such as a quick trip into a convenience store or restroom without fear of missing a bus pick-up. This paper discusses the appropriate methodology with which to measure the economic value of reliable bus arrival information, with particular emphasis on the psychological uncertainty in users associated with the lack of real-time headway information at bus stops. Data regarding bus transit users' willingness to pay for such a service is obtained through questionnaire surveys, and the Contingent Valuation Method is used to analyze and derive the associated economic value. Our findings indicate the monetary value associated with a real-time bus arrival information system is approximately 132.5 won/min at the 0.3 significance level.
A Dynamic Shortest Path Finding Model using Hierarchical Road Networks
Kim, Beom-Il ; Lee, Seung-Jae ;
Journal of Korean Society of Transportation, volume 23, issue 6, 2005, Pages 91~102
When it comes to the process of information storage, people are likely to organize individual information into the forms of groups rather than independent attributes, and put them together in their brains. Likewise, in case of finding the shortest path, this study suggests that a Hierarchical Road Network(HRN) model should be selected to browse the most desirable route, since the HRN model takes the process mentioned above into account. Moreover, most of drivers make a decision to select a route from origin to destination by road hierarchy. It says that the drivers feel difference between the link travel tine which was measured by driving and the theoretical link travel time. There is a different solution which has predicted the link travel time to solve this problem. By using this solution, the link travel time is predicted based on link conditions from time to time. The predicated link travel time is used to search the shortest path. Stochastic Process model uses the historical patterns of travel time conditions on links. The HRN model has compared favorably with the conventional shortest path finding model in tern of calculated speeds. Even more, the result of the shortest path using the HRN model has more similar to the survey results which was conducted to the taxi drivers. Taxi drivers have a strong knowledge of road conditions on the road networks and they are more likely to select a shortest path according to the real common sense.
Development of Korean Pedestrian Accident Reconstruction Model
Lee, Su-Beom ; Lui, Tae-Sun ;
Journal of Korean Society of Transportation, volume 23, issue 6, 2005, Pages 103~113
A pedestrian accident is generally less fully understood than the 'typical' car-to-car collision. For this reason, the analysis of the pedestrian accident is, in many respects, more complicated and demanding. The purpose of this study is to identify clearly the impact point that is the main subject of struggle in pedestrian accidents. In order to develop the model, it is very significant to classify actual accident data including impact velocity. vehicle damage and injury scale of pedestrian. These data were collected from three local branches of RTSA(Road Traffic Safely Authority). The number of collected data were 34 cases and 61.7% of them were fatal accidents. In consequence of analyzing the data by statistical method, it revealed that there is correlation between impact velocity and throw distance. It, also shows that the impact velocity has strong linear correlation to vehicle damage and injury scale. Consequently, reconstruction analysis models of pedestrian accidents considering in local circumstances(such as the physical characteristics of pedestrians and vehicles) was developed However. it is difficult to apply the result of this study to all sorts of pedestrian accidents, because the actual accident data which were used to develop the model were limited. To overcome this limitation, it is necessary to develop an analysis model applicable to diverse circumstances with a wide range of pedestrian accident data on a national basis.
Railway Line Planning Considering the Configuration of Lines with Various Halting Patterns
Park, Bum-Hwan ; Oh, Seog-Moon ; Hong, Soon-Heum ; Moon, Dae-Seop ;
Journal of Korean Society of Transportation, volume 23, issue 6, 2005, Pages 115~125
The line planning problem is to determine the origin and destination stations of the lines with their frequencies so as to meet the OD demands. Since the advent of high speed trains, Korea railway is confronted with the urgent difficulty to reconstruct the line configuration with the frequencies of each line and each fleet type so the demands could be newly created as well as satisfied. Furthermore. the existing trains except the high speed trains suffer from a longer traveling time than before. Now, to reduce the passenger traveling time, the trains with the various halting patterns are run in the same line. Therefore, it is necessary to develop a new line planning model to consider the various halting patterns. Most of studies find the frequencies of each lines which meet the link traffic loads or minimum link frequencies. But these are based on the assumption of all stop patterns. Furthermore, it is not easy to include the actual constraints as like the minimum number of stops at a station, the maximum number of stops or a train, etc. We develop the line planning model considering not only the various halting patterns but also the actual constraints which is based on the multicommodity network flow model with the additional constraints.