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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
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Journal of Korean Society of Transportation
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Journal DOI :
Korean Society of Transportation
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Volume & Issues
Volume 25, Issue 6 - Dec 2007
Volume 25, Issue 5 - Oct 2007
Volume 25, Issue 4 - Aug 2007
Volume 25, Issue 3 - Jun 2007
Volume 25, Issue 2 - Apr 2007
Volume 25, Issue 1 - Feb 2007
Selecting the target year
A Study on Third Party Logistics Services: User versus Provider Perspectives
Kim, Hye-Jin ; Kim, Jong-Hun ;
Journal of Korean Society of Transportation, volume 25, issue 5, 2007, Pages 7~14
The purpose of this study is to investigate the differences between the service providers and the users of 3PL services, in their perceptions about the qualities. The results of analysis identified five elements of the quality of 3PL services: reliability, efficiency, tangibility, responsiveness, and timeliness. The perceived importance and satisfaction showed the significant differences between 3PL service providers and the clients for all of the five elements. With respect to importance, efficiency showed the largest cognitive difference. Timeliness appeared to be the most important element perceived by both the service providers and the users. In terms of satisfaction, responsiveness indicated the biggest cognitive difference. In addition, it was noticed that the clients' satisfaction levels were particularly low, with respect to responsiveness and efficiency. It must be a strategic task of the 3PL service provider to improve customer satisfaction by reducing those cognitive differences.
An improved methodology for estimating traffic accident cost savings in the (preliminary) feasibility study
Jang, Su-Eun ; Jeong, Gyu-Hwa ;
Journal of Korean Society of Transportation, volume 25, issue 5, 2007, Pages 15~21
This paper proposes an improved methodology for estimating traffic accident cost savings in the transport appraisal. Four major problems from the existing framework are identified and their alternatives are suggested. First, casualties in the established approach are classified by just two types of 'killed' and 'injured'. This study supplies the indices of fatality further details. Namely, road victims are regrouped by 'killed', 'seriously injured', 'slightly injured', and 'accident reports'. Those of railways are similarly sorted by 'killed', 'seriously injured', and 'slightly injured'. Second, damage only accidents are not satisfactorily considered in the current arrangement. The accidents should be considered as one of the accident types and the social cost of them should also be evaluated. Third, the unit cost of accidents is given by the total value. The unit cost is consisted of several elements and each loss would be useful for a policy frame. This study breaks down the total figure into four pieces of costs, namely production loss, medical treatment, property loss, and administrative costs. Finally, there is inconsistency in the audit between roads and railways. Road accidents are analyzed by road types. On the other hand, patronage or others is the classification rule of rail accident costs. This paper suggests a way that the accident costs of two modes can be coherently estimated based on the level of services by each mode. The result of this study is expected to help frame more cautious social overhead capital investment policies.
Development of Legibility Distance Model for VMS Messages using In-Vehicle DGPS Data
O, Cheol ; Kim, Won-Gi ; Lee, Su-Beom ; Lee, Cheong-Won ; Kim, Jeong-Wan ;
Journal of Korean Society of Transportation, volume 25, issue 5, 2007, Pages 23~32
Variable message sign (VMS), which is used for providing real-time information on traffic conditions and incidents, is one of the important components of intelligent transportation systems. VMS messages need to meet the requirements with the consideration of human factors that messages should be readable and understandable while driving. This study developed a legibility distance model for VMS messages using in-vehicle differential global positioning data (DGPS). Traffic conditions, highway geometric conditions, and VMS message characteristics were investigated for establishing the legibility model based on multiple linear regression analysis. The height of VMS characters, speed, and the number of lanes were identified as dominant factors affecting the variation of legibility distances. It is expected that the proposed model would play a significant role in designing VMS messages for providing more effective real-time traffic information.
Investigation of a Left-Turn Phase Time Estimation Method for TRC Operation
An, Hye-Jin ; Nam, Baek ; Lee, Sang-Su ;
Journal of Korean Society of Transportation, volume 25, issue 5, 2007, Pages 33~42
The current left-turn split model adopted in COSMOS has an inherent limitation when a loop detector in the left-turn lanes was disconnected for a period of time. In this instance, the current model always allocated minimum green time to the left-turn phase, thus optimal split and efficient signal operation for the intersection was not guaranteed. In this paper, four mathmatical models using detector information of the intersection and four empirical models using historical profiles were developed and investigated for different traffic conditions to improve the operational efficiency of the intersection. From the model evaluation test, the empirical model using a four-week historical profile produced the least error among the eight models investigated. NETSIM simulation test results also showed that the proposed model could give significantly reduced delay time as compared to the current model. From these results, the operational efficency of the signalized intersections under the real-time control can be greatly improved by using the model proposed in case of the left-turn detector failure.
An Effect Analysis on the Management and Service Evaluation System for Bus Company
Kim, Jeom-San ; Jo, Hye-Jeong ; Park, Jun-Sik ;
Journal of Korean Society of Transportation, volume 25, issue 5, 2007, Pages 43~55
Gyeonggi-do has conducted bus management and service evaluation of bus operating company since 2005 under the law for promoting public transportation. The evaluation results are used for improving bus service, making policy, and estimating incentives to bus companies. A lot of cost and man-month are needed to evaluate bus management and service for bus operating company, and many companies are against the evaluation. Therefore, the effect analysis on evaluation system should be followed to maintain it. This research results in the evaluation system has positive effects through quantitative and qualitative analysis. The data of bus company's operation condition in 2005 and 2006 are used for a comparative analysis. From the survey result for the company, bus drivers, and administrators, it results that positive effects are predominant. The results of this research could be used for a shield against some criticism about appropriateness of the evaluation criteria and effectiveness of the evaluation system. For improving bus service, evaluation items and criteria could be added or adjusted based on this research.
Analysis of Rear-End Accidents at 4-legged Signalized Intersections in Cheongju
Park, Byeong-Ho ; Park, Jeong-Sun ;
Journal of Korean Society of Transportation, volume 25, issue 5, 2007, Pages 57~66
This study deals with the rear-end accidents of 4-legged signalized intersections in Cheongju. The objectives are to analyze the characteristics of the accidents and to develop the models which explain the relations among the accidents, traffic volumes and geometric structures. In pursuing the above, the study uses the data 308 rear-end accidents occurred at the 106 intersections (2004). The main results analyzed are as follows. First, the rear-end accidents were analyzed to be serious. because the ratio of severe accidents is 77.6%. Second, the more accidents were occurred of in the night than the daytime and in the approaching sections of intersections. In particular, the accidents of large-size struck vehicles were analyzed to be more serious. Finally, the multiple and Poission regression models developed in this study are all analyzed to be statistically significant.
Analysis of Traffic Accidents at Unsignalized Intersections in case of Cheongju
Park, Byeong-Ho ; Kim, Hui-Sik ; Im, Min-Hui ; Park, Sang-Hyeok ;
Journal of Korean Society of Transportation, volume 25, issue 5, 2007, Pages 67~77
This study deals with the traffic accidents at the unsignalized intersections in Cheongju. The purpose is to analyze the characters and the relations between road environmental factors and traffic accidents. The correlation analyses among the above factors show that the accidents are strongly related to traffic volumes and sight distances in 3-legged, and the cross angles, maximum vertical grades and sight distances in 4-legged unsignalized intersections. Also the multiple linear and nonlinear regression analyses represent that the accidents in the 3-legged increase as the traffic volume and the number of double stop-lines increase, and that the accidents in the 4-legged increase as the cross angle approaches to the 90 degree and decrease as the maximum vertical grade increases. It could be expected that this results give the good implications to the future intersection improvement projects in Cheongju.
Theoretical Review of Highway Grades Considering Vehicle Performances
Kim, Sang-Yeop ; Lee, Seung-Yong ; Han, Hyeong-Gwan ; Choe, Jae-Seong ;
Journal of Korean Society of Transportation, volume 25, issue 5, 2007, Pages 79~90
In determining vertical grades in highway alignment design, engineers usually consider heavy vehicle performances on the upgrade. Heavy vehicles usually experience speed reduction on the upgrade and with recent years weight/horsepower improvements for heavy vehicles the speed reduction shows some change. However, in spite of the weight to horsepower improvements for the design vehicles from 300lb/HP to 200lb/HP in the AASHTO, there was no change in the maximum vertical grades. Therefore, a review of the maximum vertical grade reflecting existing heavy vehicle performances is required. In particular, in South Korea where highways pass through lots of mountaineous terrain, the maximum vertical grades must be reviewed throughly. In this study the amount of heavy vehicle performances during past decades were investigated and their expected impacts on highway vertical alignment designs were subsequently analyzed. A worldwide terrain analysis and international design standards were compared to set South Korean vertical grade standards. Traffic flow simulation Vissim was utilized to simulate vehicular flows on the upgrade and new truck performance curves on the grades were developed. Based on the new curve, it was decided that
increase of the maximum vertical grades could be allowed.
A Study on the Direct connection Service Effectiveness in Gyeongbu(KTX)
Kim, Ik-Hui ; Kim, Yeong-Jin ;
Journal of Korean Society of Transportation, volume 25, issue 5, 2007, Pages 91~100
This study suggests direct connection service which has advantage of high-speed operation of KTX and access convenience of general train, and Pre-feasibility studies on the direct connection service. And analyze transportation demand change by the method as follows; It is to analyze the demand change of before and after KTX operation by previous transport data of Gyeongbu line, and calculate the coefficient of utilization using triggering demand by opening the 2nd phase of Gyeongbu line (Dongdaegu
Busan). Through Pre-feasibility analysis, reduction
minutes of train travel time and total revenue will increase about $100 thousand per day. Also, there will be environment-friendly effects of decreasing
emissions. But, Direct connection service need to highly cost ; Buying and Operation cost of KTX train. Therefore, we will be get more correct result of Pre-feasibility study on direct connection service, if there are concrete on buying the KTX action plans.
Analysis of Open Toll Segments in Urban Freeways
Nam, Du-Hui ;
Journal of Korean Society of Transportation, volume 25, issue 5, 2007, Pages 101~109
Two variations of toll roads exist: mainline toll plazas and entry/exit tolls. On a mainline toll system(open toll scheme), all vehicles stop at various locations along the highway to pay a toll. While this may save money from the lack of need to construct tolls at every exit, it can cause lots of traffic congestion, and drivers could evade tolls by going around them. With entry/exit tolls, vehicles collect a ticket when entering the highway, which displays the fares it will pay when it exits, increasing in cost for distance travelled. Upon exit, the driver will pay the amount listed for the given exit. The pressures on the Seoul ring roadway network have been changing over time. In the past, the emphasis was on mobility and maintenance of the road network to provide an efficient transportation network, but recently, road use has outstripped the network's ability to extend and expand the road network and hence the policy emphasis has moved towards reducing free riders rather than mitigating its effects. In addition to this pressure is an incidental pressure, which argues that provision of free ride segments generates further traffic in isolation of other factors. This paper is examining policies to reduce the burden of traffic congestion in Seoul ring roadway which is used open toll scheme for decades. One key mechanism to achieve this policy aim is automatic charging mechanism on freeway, but if a nation-wide electronic toll collection is to be implemented successfully, there are a number of prerequisites which must be place.
Train Service Analysis of Intercity Rail Station
Lee, Jin-Seon ; Kim, Gyeong-Tae ; Park, Beom-Hwan ;
Journal of Korean Society of Transportation, volume 25, issue 5, 2007, Pages 111~122
This paper investigates the rail service patterns by train class. The emphasis in intercity rail planning is to more efficiently use of existing station facilities. Rail transit operations are affected by the system layout and ridership patterns and by work rules. Operations are also influenced by past practices and the institutional setting. Main factors to decide train service patterns are the location, socioeconomic characteristics, land use and travel demand of the station. In this context, the travel demand of intercity rail station is of crucial significance. Tests on a KTX case shows that train service frequency can be efficiently decreased in weekday to transport the same passenger demand. The work has shown many subjects that need further research including various factors influencing on train frequency. This study serves the railroad authorities in planning and determining business strategy in the increasingly competitive environment of regional rail transport.
Analysis of Price competitiveness of Asian Hub Airports
Yeo, Hyeong-Gu ; Gang, Gyeong-U ; Jang, Hye-Jin ;
Journal of Korean Society of Transportation, volume 25, issue 5, 2007, Pages 125~133
Through open-sky policy, USA and European selected market principle of multiuser. However, in Asian case, major airlines monopolize airports. It is purpose that analyzes fare competition of Asian Hub Airport and the position of Incheon airport in Asia. Passengers required longer time and distance to go to the destination because direct flights decreases. But passengers increased in airport every year. Because of routes that decrease, airlines provide more services of flights. So airlines prefer to Hub Airports. As a result, both passengers and airlines are profitable by various routs and the increased frequency. On the assumption that distance and fare are related, the final formula is as following that defined the air fare from hub(H) to destination(Z) by logarithm. Analysis showed that log Rdist is not 1 but 0.08. As distance increases, fare doesn't increase. If distance from hub to destination airports is longer, Log dist_HZ is negative. It is that fare decreases from origin to destination via hub or that fare increases from hub to destination. HHI_HZ and HHI_AZ are negative. It means that if the degree of monopolization of hub and origin airports is lager, fare decreases from origin to destination via hub. Or fare increases from hub to destination. And it compares the Incheon airport with the other Asian hub airports and it examines the competitive fare by market division. As compared with the Incheon airport, Singapore, Beijing and Narita airports are higher fares. They compete with the other ones by Asian hub airports. But Hong Kong and Taipei airports must have more passengers through fare competition yet.
A Prediction Model on Freeway Accident Duration using AFT Survival Analysis
Jeong, Yeon-Sik ; Song, Sang-Gyu ; Choe, Gi-Ju ;
Journal of Korean Society of Transportation, volume 25, issue 5, 2007, Pages 135~148
Understanding the relation between characteristics of an accident and its duration is crucial for the efficient response of accidents and the reduction of total delay caused by accidents. Thus the objective of this study is to model accident duration using an AFT metric model. Although the log-logistic and log-normal AFT models were selected based on the previous studies and statistical theory, the log-logistic model was better fitted. Since the AFT model is commonly used for the purpose of prediction, the estimated model can be also used for the prediction of duration on freeways as soon as the base accident information is reported. Therefore, the predicted information will be directly useful to make some decisions regarding the resources needed to clear accident and dispatch crews as well as will lead to less traffic congestion and much saving the injured.
Recognition of Dangerous Driving Using Automobile Black Boxes
Han, In-Hwan ; Yang, Gyeong-Su ;
Journal of Korean Society of Transportation, volume 25, issue 5, 2007, Pages 149~160
Automobile black boxes store and provide accident and driving information. The accident and driving information can be utilized to build scientific traffic-event database and can be applied in various industries. The objective of this study is to develop a recognition system of dangerous driving through analyzing the driving characteristic patterns. In this paper, possible dangerous driving models are classified into four models on the basis of vehicle behaviors(acceleration, deceleration, rotation) and accident types from existing statistical data. Dangerous driving data have been acquired through vehicle tests using automobile black boxes. Characteristics of driving patterns have been analyzed in order to classify dangerous driving models. For the recognition of dangerous driving, this study selected critical value of each dangerous driving model and developed the recognition algorithm of dangerous driving. The study has been verified by the application of recognition algorithm of dangerous driving and vehicle tests using automobile black boxes. The presented recognition methods of dangerous driving can be used for on-line/off-line management of drivers and vehicles.
Multiobjective Routing and Scheduling for Vehicles Transporting Hazardous Materials
Sin, Seong-Il ;
Journal of Korean Society of Transportation, volume 25, issue 5, 2007, Pages 161~172
Vehicles transporting hazardous materials can make huge damage to people, properties and environment by traffic accidents. Therefore, transporting hazardous materials is a big issue with the cutting edge technology of communications in these days. However, despite this situation, Korean government gives limited efforts for systematic management, research and investment about hazardous materials. Accordingly, this research suggests the key path finding algorithm about management of real-time schedule and routes for vehicles transporting hazardous materials. Besides, the case study is progressed in transportation networks of Seoul in order to evaluate the reality of algorithm. Specifically, time-space network transformation is performed for time window attributes. In addition, this study proposes the techniques searching for non-dominated paths considering schedule by the multiobjective shortest path algorithm based on dynamic programming in dynamic transportation networks including multiobjective attributes.
Methodology for Evaluating Real-time Rear-end Collision Risks based on Vehicle Trajectory Data Extracted from Video Image Tracking
O, Cheol ; Jo, Jeong-Il ; Kim, Jun-Hyeong ; O, Ju-Taek ;
Journal of Korean Society of Transportation, volume 25, issue 5, 2007, Pages 173~182
An innovative feature of this study is to propose a methodology for evaluating safety performance in real time based on vehicle trajectory data extracted from video images. The essence of evaluating safety performance is to capture unsafe car-following events between individual vehicles traveling surveillance area. The proposed methodology applied two indices including real-time safety index (RSI) based on the concept of safe stopping distance and time-to-collision (TTC) to the evaluation of safety performance. It is believed that outcomes would be greatly utilized in developing a new generation of video images processing (VIP) based traffic detection systems capable of producing safety performance measurements. Relevant technical challenges for such detection systems are also discussed.
A Multiple User Class Congestion Pricing Model and Equity
Im, Yong-Taek ; Kim, Byeong-Gwan ;
Journal of Korean Society of Transportation, volume 25, issue 5, 2007, Pages 183~193
Traditionally, a congestion charge based on first-best congestion pricing theory, namely, the theory of marginal cost pricing theory, is equal to the difference between marginal social cost and marginal private cost. It is charged on each link so as to derive a user equilibrium flow pattern to a system optimal one. Based on this theory this paper investigates on the characteristics of first-best congestion pricing of multiple user class on road with variable demand, and presents two methods for analysis of social and spatial equity. For these purposes, we study on the characteristics of first-best congestion pricing derived from system optimal in time and in monetary unit, and analyze equity from this congestion pricing with an example network.
Mixed Operation with Express Train for Urban Railways in Seoul Metropolitan Area
Son, Gi-Min ;
Journal of Korean Society of Transportation, volume 25, issue 5, 2007, Pages 195~207
The urban railways connecting between the inner city and suburb of Seoul metropolitan area, has lost the competitiveness against cars because too many stops deteriorated operating speed and passenger's level of service. This paper suggests that an express train should be introduced into the urban railway system in order to sort out such a complication. There are two considerations in the present study. Firstly, train schedule problem should be taken into account. In this regard, a new model for urban railway system was developed by revising the existing models dealing with single line freight railway. Approximate branch and bound algorithm based on conflict group rather than a single conflict was adopted. Consequently, it was found that the time saving in calculating the optimal schedule is the most meaningful contribution of the algorithm. The second consideration is associated with the application of the model. A case study was carried out using the actual operation data from Ansan line. In conclusion, the operation speed of the line can increase considerably with minimal number of new sidings.
A Production-Based Approach to Travel Choice Modeling
Mun, Dong-Ju ;
Journal of Korean Society of Transportation, volume 25, issue 5, 2007, Pages 209~231
This paper suggested an approach to characterize travel choice behaviors using the implicit price instead of the indirect utility. The choice criterion to compare the implicit prices of available trip options was developed from the utility maximization problem of a trip maker which is supposed to choose the best option from the available ones differentiated by only by the quantitative attributes such as travel cost and time but also by qualitative attributes such as comfort and safety. The utility maximization problem is constructed under household production theory, and is incorporated with a special kind of joint homogeneous production functions. The implicit price of a certain trip option is the sum of the monetary price and the multiple of travel time and the value-of-travel-time, and the value-of-travel-time refers to the portion of wage, which can be assignable to the trip-making activity. This choice criterion is statistically identifiable, and behaviorally plausible. Moreover, this criterion has the expression simpler than the indirect utility, and therefore could be an effective target of the statistical estimation for travel choice behaviors.