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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
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Journal of Korean Society of Transportation
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Journal DOI :
Korean Society of Transportation
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Volume & Issues
Volume 26, Issue 6 - Dec 2008
Volume 26, Issue 5 - Oct 2008
Volume 26, Issue 4 - Aug 2008
Volume 26, Issue 3 - Jun 2008
Volume 26, Issue 2 - Apr 2008
Volume 26, Issue 1 - Feb 2008
Selecting the target year
Analysis of Dilemma Zone Safety Considering Signal Location
Ryu, Chang-Nam ; Kim, Won-Chul ; Jang, Tae-Youn ; Lim, Sam-Jin ;
Journal of Korean Society of Transportation, volume 26, issue 1, 2008, Pages 7~14
One of purposes of installing signals at intersections is to protect traffic conflicts and accidents from occurring by means of arranging the right-of-way of travel more clearly. On the other hand, the installation of signals, and especially their location, can also have negative effects on safety. Therefore, the location of signals is of great importance. To secure a high safety level for urban signalized intersection, efforts are required to introduce a comprehensive recommendation or guideline for safety aspects of signal installation that takes local conditions into account. In this context, this reports on a study that analyzed the influence of signal location on the behavior of drivers who approach a signalized intersection in urban area. As a result, the study found out that the traffic signal location strongly affects the braking point of the Dilemma Zone(DZ), and the braking point of the DZ based on driving speed. Also, in terms of design layout, it has been illustrated that there is a close relation between signal location and road safety, especially DZ safety. Finally, this paper proposes a practical recommendation for signal installation related to how to locate the signal in practice for the sake of securing the safety level of signalized intersection.
A study on the development of evaluation methodology for pedestrian service quality at the access section of bus stop on median bus lane
Cheon, Seung-Hoon ; Lee, Young-Ihn ;
Journal of Korean Society of Transportation, volume 26, issue 1, 2008, Pages 15~24
Located in the middle of lanes, the station of a median exclusive bus lane generates pedestrian groups on the green light of a crosswalk and causes pedestrians delays passing the access section. For the purpose of showing these facts, the pedestrian analysis, on which the queuing theory is applied, is presented in this study. The Result is that the pedestrian environment was deteriorated (LOS D) compared to an exciting pedestrian analysis based on 15 minutes of pedestrian volume (LOS A). A pedestrian level of service has been reevaluated based on an arrival rate on the median bus station in order to examine whether the result reflects reality or not. In result, it was similar outcomes to this study.
Empirical Study on Public Transportation Demand Change by Providing Metro-rail Service
Cho, Eung-Rae ; Park, Kyung-Chul ; Kim, Jum-San ;
Journal of Korean Society of Transportation, volume 26, issue 1, 2008, Pages 25~35
The ridership and transit systems are influenced by the expansion of metro-rail in Seoul metropolitan area. However, it has been difficult to measure its precise quantitative influences. Also effective policy implementations have been limited due to the lack of practical evidences. Thus an empirical analysis for an operating metro-rail is essentially required. In this regard, this study examines the impact of the Jungang line on transportation system, whose metro-rail block has been recently started new service. The main interest of this study is to find out the changes of ridership and to forecast the ridership changes by the metro-rail service. The results indicate that the effect on auto users is less than that of bus users. The auto demand is decreased by 33.3% and the bus demand by 66.6%. Additionally, its influence on Gyeonggi-do bus was greater compared with that on the Seoul bus. From questionnaire survey, this results could be confirmed. To sum up, the metro-rail gives less influences on auto users, while it gives greater influences on bus users.
Determinants of the Location and Relocation of Domestic Logistics Firms in Korea (focused on complementary commodity flow survey for 2006)
Do, Hwa-Yong ; Jang, Hoon ; Kim, Chan-Sung ; Won, Jai-Mu ;
Journal of Korean Society of Transportation, volume 26, issue 1, 2008, Pages 37~49
In general, most of the firms do not settle down in one place for their pursuit of profit. There are many reasons for the relocation of the firms; procurement of raw material, market area, transportation cost and housing cost. The aspect of national policy, firm relocation has been systemically promoted for the purpose of logistics system efficiency. Nowadays balanced regional development has been issue. Another aspect, many countries have struggled for the preoccupancy of new place because of its production cost saving and curtailment of expenditure. The aim of this article is qualitative and quantitative analysis of relocation influence factors of domestic goods firms in Korea. This article dynamically analyzed the relocation influence factors for domestic goods firms in Korea. For the analysis this article made use of complementary survey (2006) out of the 3rd national logistics survey (2005). The complementary survey conducted pre-business district, business period, relocation reason, etc. This article dynamically analyzed from the three aspects; observation of average residence time in one business district, relocation factors, influence of market area. Analysis shows that relocation of firm is very high rate and the reasons of relocation play compositeness role. The results of determinants of location, firms approach the established market area closely and the firm's relocation is influenced by market area.
Estimation of Air Travel Demand Models and Elasticities for Jeju-Mainland Domestic Routes
Baek, Seung-Han ; Kim, Sung-Soo ;
Journal of Korean Society of Transportation, volume 26, issue 1, 2008, Pages 51~63
Jeju-Mainland demand for air passenger is variated by the season because most of the demands stem from the leisure travel. This research is to estimate the econometrics demand models(A simple time series model and the partial adjustment model) and elasticities of each models for the Jeju-Mainland domestic routes air travel market using the time series aggregate data between the year 1996 and 2005. As the result of estimating, income elasticity was evaluated to be elastic(1.55) and fare elasticity was inelastic(-0.49
-0.59) for A simple time series models. In the partial adjustment model's case, income elasticity was evaluated to be inelastic(0.51) in short-run whereas it was evaluated to be elastic(1.88) in long-run. Fare elasticity was evaluated to be inelastic in short-run(high-demand season: -0.13, slack season: -0.20) and long-run(high-demand season: -0.48, slack season: -0.72).
A Study for Revising Compensation Criteria of Public Service Rail Transport
Lee, Jang-Ho ; Lee, Sang-Hoon ; Kang, Wook ;
Journal of Korean Society of Transportation, volume 26, issue 1, 2008, Pages 65~78
After the railway reform in 2004, Korea National Railroad was divided into two separate organizations. The Korea Railway Network Authority is responsible for the construction of new line. Korea Railroad corporation is a public-owned railway operator. The compensation for the loss of rail operator from the Public Service Obligation(PSO) observance is specified in the Law of Rail Industry Development No.32, No.33. However, it is necessary to revise the compensation criteria of PSO after the actual enforcement of the law for more efficient rail operation. This study aims for revising compensation criteria of PSO. In this study, we suggested a revised compensation criteria. The scope of compensation for the loss of regional line operation was adjusted by new criteria considering the characteristics and the business results of the line. The compensation rate is linked with the actual business results of the line for giving motivation to the rail operator.
A Methodology for Estimating Diversion Flows on Expressways
Choi, Yoon-Hyuk ; Choi, Kee-Choo ;
Journal of Korean Society of Transportation, volume 26, issue 1, 2008, Pages 79~88
VMS based dispersion of traffic flows enables to decrease delay and congestion. Such being the case, there has been growing interests in VMS operation strategy. The strategy is based on driver's behavior or diversion rate. However, it was not easy to obtain each in practice. The diversion rate, thus far, was investigated by stated preference analysis or simulators. As an alternative, in this paper, a new method to obtain diversion flow rate was suggested using the toll collection system and freeway traffic management system data. A large gap of diversion rate between stated preference analysis and field survey was observed. Out of surveyed 8 tollgate data, the diversion rate was about 7% and was quite lower compared with that of 21%
87% from stated preference analysis or simulators. With this at hand, a more careful information provision strategy should be devised and employed to correctly account this kind of differences.
Comparing the Effectiveness of Punishment Severity and Policy Means on Traffic Laws Violating Drivers
Myeong, Myo-Hee ; kim, Kwang-Sik ;
Journal of Korean Society of Transportation, volume 26, issue 1, 2008, Pages 89~100
The purpose of this paper is to analyze the differences between the severity of punishments for traffic laws related offenders and the choice of policy measures with a view to reducing traffic accidents. To this end, government data on the drivers given a sentence of license suspension or revocation were collected and analyzed in terms of sex, age, type of driver's license, driving career, number of traffic laws violations, and number of traffic accidents generated. The statistics of analysis of covariance and tests of significance were used and conducted to compare the effectiveness of punishment for the penalty and the incentive groups. The results showed that the incentive policy measure on the drivers who violate traffic regulations repeatedly is more effective to reduce the number of traffic offenders and traffic accidents.
Overcoming the Braess' Paradox in Feasibility Study
Park, Kyung-Chul ; Ryu, Si-Kyun ; Lee, Sung-Mo ; Son, Sang-Hoon ;
Journal of Korean Society of Transportation, volume 26, issue 1, 2008, Pages 103~112
In the feasibility analysis, Braess' Paradox results in the negative social benefit in spite of adding transportation facilities. Consequently, it has been difficult to judge on the investment of SOC projects. This research aims to analyze the Braess' Paradox in the feasibility analysis and to seek a remedy for the Paradox. Several experiments were conducted on the simple network under the various conditions. From the experiments, following findings were validated: Braess' Paradox occurred only if travel demands met within certain intermediate range. In terms of traffic assignment method, the SO was more likely to reduce the effect of the Braess' Paradox than the UE. However, the Braess' Paradox in the benefit of operating cost saving occurred in all cases and the paradox in the total benefit continued. In order to solve the problem, new link cost function considered travel time and operating cost simultaneously were suggested. As a result, the negative benefit was significantly decreased in the UE case and total negative benefit was no longer shown in the SO case through the analysis.
Effects of Multicollinearity in Logit Model
Ryu, Si-Kyun ;
Journal of Korean Society of Transportation, volume 26, issue 1, 2008, Pages 113~126
This research aims to explore the effects of multicollinearity on the reliability and goodness of fit of logit model. To investigate the effects of multicollinearity on the multinominal logit model, numerical experiments are performed. The exploratory variables(attributes of utility functions) which have a certain degree of correlations from (rho=) 0.0 to (rho=) 0.9 are generated and rho-squares and t-statistics which are the indices of goodness of fit and reliability of logit model are traced. From the well designed numerical experiments, following findings are validated : 1) When a new exploratory variable is added, some of rho-squares increase while the others decrease. 2) The higher relations between generic variables lead a logit model worse with respect to goodness of fit. 3) Multicollinearity has a tendency to produce over-evaluated parameters. 4) The reliability of the estimated parameter has a tendency to decrease when the correlations between attributes are high. These results suggest that we have to examine the existence of multicollinearity and perform the proper treatments to diminish multicollinearity when we develop logit model.
A Link-Based Label Correcting Multi-Objective Shortest Paths Algorithm in Multi-Modal Transit Networks
Lee, Mee-Young ; Kim, Hyung-Chul ; Park, Dong-Joo ; Shin, Seong-Il ;
Journal of Korean Society of Transportation, volume 26, issue 1, 2008, Pages 127~135
Generally, optimum shortest path algorithms adopt single attribute objective among several attributes such as travel time, travel cost, travel fare and travel distance. On the other hand, multi-objective shortest path algorithms find the shortest paths in consideration with multi-objectives. Up to recently, the most of all researches about multi-objective shortest paths are proceeded only in single transportation mode networks. Although, there are some papers about multi-objective shortest paths with multi-modal transportation networks, they did not consider transfer problems in the optimal solution level. In particular, dynamic programming method was not dealt in multi-objective shortest path problems in multi-modal transportation networks. In this study, we propose a multi-objective shortest path algorithm including dynamic programming in order to find optimal solution in multi-modal transportation networks. That algorithm is based on two-objective node-based label correcting algorithm proposed by Skriver and Andersen in 2000 and transfer can be reflected without network expansion in this paper. In addition, we use non-dominated paths and tree sets as labels in order to improve effectiveness of searching non-dominated paths. We also classifies path finding attributes into transfer and link travel attribute in limited transit networks. Lastly, the calculation process of proposed algorithm is checked by computer programming in a small-scaled multi-modal transportation network.
Relationship between Pedestrian Network and Pedestrian Volume Using Connectivity
Han, Sang-Jin ; Kim, Young-Ook ; Oh, Soon-Mi ;
Journal of Korean Society of Transportation, volume 26, issue 1, 2008, Pages 137~144
It is important to know pedestrian volume to carry out pedestrian safety analysis and pedestrian friendly design. However, it is too difficult to come across research work related to pedestrian volume analysis in the field of transport, due to lack of interests on pedestrian movement. Most transport research has been focused on vehicles and highways rather than pedestrian. On the other hand, in the field of urban studies, there comes an effective tool to estimate pedestrian volumes using Space Syntax theory. This theory twins out to be effective and economic because it only requires network information, which is easy to acquire from maps and field survey. However, this method is different in the way representing networks from the way that is common in the field of transport. To make up for this point, this paper develops a novel measure for estimating pedestrian volume using Dial's algorithm, and applies the model in the two test networks; Insadong and Soongryemoon networks. The application results reveals that developed measure is an effective tool to explain pedestrian volume; a correlation coefficient between the measure and pedestrian volume is 0.713 in Insadong and 0.492 in Soongryemoon, and the goodness of fit(
) of regression models are 0.893 in Insadong and 0.671 in Soongryemoon. This estimation method is significantly less complicated to estimate the effect of a pedestrian network change than Space Syntax theory, which requires special softwares not readily available.
Search for an Optimal-Path Considering Various Attributes
Hahn, Jin-Seok ; Chon, Kyung-Soo ;
Journal of Korean Society of Transportation, volume 26, issue 1, 2008, Pages 145~153
Existing shortest-path algorithms mainly consider a single attribute. But traveler actually chooses a route considering not single attribute but various attributes which are synthesized travel time, route length, personal preference, etc. Therefore, to search the optimal path, these attributes are considered synthetically. In this study route searching algorithm which selects the maximum utility route using discrete choice model has developed in order to consider various attributes. Six elements which affect route choice are chosen for the route choice model and parameters of the models are estimated using survey data. A multinomial logit models are developed to design the function of route choice model. As a result, the model which has route length, delay time, the number of turning as parameter is selected based on the significance test. We use existing shortest path algorithm, which can reflect urban transportation network such as u-turn or p-turn, and apply it to the real network.
Use of a Driving Simulator to Determine Optimum VMS Locations for Freeway Off-ramp Traffic Diversion
Oh, Cheol ; Kim, Tae-Hyung ; Lee, Jae-Joon ; Lee, Soo-Beom ; Lee, Chung-Won ;
Journal of Korean Society of Transportation, volume 26, issue 1, 2008, Pages 155~164
Variable Message Signs (VMS) is one of the major components for Intelligent Transport Systems (ITS) services that provides real-time traffic and incident information to drivers. The objective of this research was to develop a method determining the optimal location of VMS considering safety and driving characteristics of various drivers. A driving simulator was utilized to evaluate how drivers can safely exit to off-ramp depending on various VMS locations while information relating route diversion was provided. The binary logistic regression and factor analysis were applied in developing a probability model that predicts the success of safe off-ramp exiting. Based on the developed probability model, a method to estimate the spacing between VMS and off-ramp is suggested. It is expected that the products of this study would be utilized as a tool in determining VMS locations for ITS planners and designers.
A Study about The Typical Patterns of Driver's Characteristics by The Q Analysis Method (with Traffic Law Violator and Traffic Accident Causer)
Jang, Seok-Yong ; Jung, Hun-Young ; Lee, Won-Gyu ; Ko, Sang-Seon ;
Journal of Korean Society of Transportation, volume 26, issue 1, 2008, Pages 165~180
The purpose of this research is to propose an effective traffic safety countermeasure to reduce both violations of road traffic acts and accident rates related to the driver's characteristics by measuring them using Q analysis method, a microscopic statistics analysis method. As a result, violators of the road traffic act could be divided into five driving characteristics and causers of traffic accident could be classified into six driving characteristics. By understanding these characteristics, We could establish a proper traffic safety countermeasure for each driving characteristic. The accomplishments of this research are as follows: The first, We could classify the decisive driving characteristics, which cause road traffic acts and traffic accidents, into internal and external causes. The relationship between each driver's characteristic and the occurrence of the road traffic act and traffic accident could be recognized more clearly. We could find the dangerous driver samples who have Accidents proneness. The second, As a result of analyzing the characteristics of these factors, We could sort out and suggest countermeasure for reducing violation of road traffic acts and traffic accidents as a priority countermeasure and complementary countermeasure. Finally, transportation companies most closely related to automobile accidents can judge new personnels on the basis of their driving characteristics before hiring, and also apply this principle to the traffic safety education vigorously.
Development of Pedestrian Signal Timing Models Considering the Characteristics of Weak Pedestrians
Hwang, Duk-Soo ; Oh, Young-Tae ; Lee, Sang-Soo ; Kim, Tae-Ho ;
Journal of Korean Society of Transportation, volume 26, issue 1, 2008, Pages 181~190
This study intended to provide the inherent characteristics of weak pedestrian including walking speed and perception-reaction time and to propose pedestrian signal timing models considering those characteristics. To collect the relevant data, field studies were conducted in virtual crosswalk environments. Walking speed were found to be 0.63 m/s and 0.57 m/s for children and the elderly, respectively. However, the elderly had higher perception-reaction time than children. By considering these characteristics, two pedestrian signal timing models were developed. Sensitivity analysis results showed that the models can produce reasonable ranges of pedestrian signal time. The data in this paper can be used for future references, and the mobility of weak pedestrian may be improved by applying the models suggested in this paper.
A Development of Macroscopic Simulation Model for Interrupted Flow using Shockwave
Lee, Ho-Sang ; Jung, Young-Je ; Kim, Young-Chan ; Kim, Dae-Ho ;
Journal of Korean Society of Transportation, volume 26, issue 1, 2008, Pages 191~201
It has been employed TRANSYT-7F and NETSIM to evaluate the validity and effectiveness of improvement on TSM(Transportation Systems Management). But T7F is hard to describe platoon compression and dispersion in actually, and NETSIM takes a long time for network coding, calibration and have difficulty in setting up saturation flow. While Shockwave Model have advantage which can describe platoon compression and dispersion in actually and shorten hours, convenience of application. But Shockwave Model apply unrealistic traffic flow relation ship(U-K curve) and simplify platoon because of difficulty in calculating shockwave's position and cross. For solving limitation of existing shockwave models, It develop new model with 2-regime linear model, New platoon model, Extended shockwave, etc. For verifying the validity of the proposed model, it was compared with delay of T7F and NETSIM by offset variation. In conclusion, it is thought that proposed model have outstanding performance to simulate traffic phenomenon.
A Study on U-Turn Location and Length Estimation at Signalized Intersection
Lee, Jung-Hwan ; Park, Je-Jin ; Ha, Tae-Jun ;
Journal of Korean Society of Transportation, volume 26, issue 1, 2008, Pages 203~213
U-Turn offers convenience to drivers. U-Turn increases efficiency of traffic flow. But Standard of U-Turn is not clear. It caused many problems of traffic flow and traffic safety. This study estimate length between U-Turn location with front intersection based on stopping sight distance and left-turn vehicle's queue length. Variables are used traffic volume and operation speed. This study Analysis of U-Turn vehicle's behaviors and classification of conflict form by investigation. U-Turn length estimating based on relationship analysis between conflict with U-Turn length. Variables are used lane changing angles and operation speed. This study estimates length between U-Turn location with back intersection based on gap acceptance theory. Variables are used traffic volume, operation speed and lane changing angles. So, U-Turn location and length estimated considering traffic flow and traffic safety.
Mandatory Lane-changing Behavior under the Congested Work Zone Traffic Operation
Kang, Kyeong-Pyo ; Lee, Kwang-Hoon ;
Journal of Korean Society of Transportation, volume 26, issue 1, 2008, Pages 215~223
Due partly to lack of actual lane-changing data and partly to few studies on simulation functions to consider the lane-changing behavior, it may result in significant difference between simulation-based and real conditions. The objectives of this study are to estimate the set of mandatory lane-changing models and to analyze their features, depending on the merge control strategies under the lane-closed work zone operations. To achieve them, first, the elaborated calibration is required to simulate the mandatory lane-changing behaviors with the actual field data. Second, one can estimate their models with the logistic regression models, to obtain traffic variables as well as the lane-changing frequencies under the various levels of work zone traffic conditions. As a result, one can state that the well-calibrated simulation has the potential to properly reflect the target mandatory lane-changing behaviors. In addition, it should be mentioned that the set of proposed models is not practicable but preliminary result needed to identify the relations between the actual traffic conditions and lane-changing maneuvers and to develop their practical models for the actual applications.