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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
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Journal of Korean Society of Transportation
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Journal DOI :
Korean Society of Transportation
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Volume & Issues
Volume 26, Issue 6 - Dec 2008
Volume 26, Issue 5 - Oct 2008
Volume 26, Issue 4 - Aug 2008
Volume 26, Issue 3 - Jun 2008
Volume 26, Issue 2 - Apr 2008
Volume 26, Issue 1 - Feb 2008
Selecting the target year
Effectiveness Analysis of NCAP(New Car Assessment Program) on Traffic Safety
Cho, Han-Seon ; Shim, Jae-Ick ; Sung, Nak-Moon ;
Journal of Korean Society of Transportation, volume 26, issue 2, 2008, Pages 7~15
New Car Assessment Program(NCAP) provides consumers with vehicle safety information, primarily front and side crash rating results, and more recently rollover ratings, to aid consumers in their vehicle purchase decisions. NCAP is a system to improve driver and passenger safety by providing market incentives for vehicle manufacturers to voluntarily design their vehicles to better protect drivers and passengers in a crash and be less susceptible to rollover, rather than by regulatory directives. NCAP have been performed since 1999 in Korea by the government in order to reduce fatalities and injuries caused by traffic accidents. Although as the number of vehicles models increases, more vehicle models are required to be test and NCAP is evaluated as a valuable system for vehicle safety, the expansion of the system is slow. It looks like that the benefit of NCAP quantitatively was not verified. In this study, based on the idea that the benefit of the NCAP is defined as the decrease of traffic accident severity by improving vehicle safety, a methodology to analyze the effectiveness of NCAP quantitatively in terms of traffic safety was developed. According to the developed methodology, the reduced numbers of fatalities and injuries were 1.51 and 466 in 2005.
Analysis of Traffic Accident Severity for Korean Highway Using Structural Equations Model
Lee, Ju-Yeon ; Chung, Jin-Hyuk ; Son, Bong-Soo ;
Journal of Korean Society of Transportation, volume 26, issue 2, 2008, Pages 17~24
Traffic accident forecasting model has been developed steadily to understand factors affecting traffic accidents and to reduce them. In Korea, the length of highways is over 3,000km, and it is within the top ten in the world. However, the number of accidents-per-one kilometer highway is higher than any other countries. The rapid increase of travel demand and transportation infrastructures since 1980's may influence on the high rates of traffic accident. Accident severity is one of the important indices as well as the rate of accident and factors such as road geometric conditions, driver characteristics and type of vehicles may be related to traffic accident severity. However, since all these factors are interacted complicatedly, the interactions are not easily identified. A structural equations model is adopted to capture the complex relationships among variables. In the model estimation, we use 2,880 accident data on highways in Korea. The SEM with several factors mentioned above as endogenous and exogenous variables shows that they have complex and strong relationships.
An Effect of Lighting Facilities on Crosswalk Accident
Park, Je-Jin ; Park, Joo-Cheon ; Ha, Tae-Jun ;
Journal of Korean Society of Transportation, volume 26, issue 2, 2008, Pages 25~33
This study was practiced in order to analyze the effect of concentrative lighting that is set up at night in some districts. For practicing this study, It was analyzed first, to study the past papers, second, to analyze the condition of the traffic accidents and the characteristics of the accidents, third, to study on the improvements of the high accident locations, finally to study the characteristics about the pedestrians' traffic accidents. The effects of road lighting improvements was analysed. The result of the analysis on concentrative lighting of crosswalk said that the night accidents was decreased to average 16.13% and the Net Present Value(NPV) on the analysis of the effect during using period is 25,648 million won, The B/C is 12.85. So, It was analysed that it is very effective.This study was practiced on the some districts and equipping time is different, and the number of samples is small. Because of this facts, This sample doesn't represent all of the concentrative lightings. But through the systematic analysis, this study can present the alternatives that can be materialized.
Analysis of Accident Characteristics and Development of Accident Models in the Signalized Intersections of Cheongju and Cheongwon
Park, Byung-Ho ; Yoo, Doo-Seon ; Yang, Jeong-Mo ; Lee, Young-Min ;
Journal of Korean Society of Transportation, volume 26, issue 2, 2008, Pages 35~46
The purposes of this study are to analyze the characteristics and to develop the models of traffic accidents. In pursuing the above, this study gives particular attentions to developing the models(multiple linear, poisson and negative binomial regression) using the data of Cheongju and Cheongwon signalized intersections. The main results analyzed are as follows. First, the accident characteristics of rural area were defined by factor. Second, 4 accident models which are all statistically significant were developed. Finally, such the variables as
were evaluated to be specific variables which reflect the characteristics of rural area
A Study on The New Level of Service for Rural Two-Lane Highways
Park, Je-Jin ; Ha, Tae-Jun ;
Journal of Korean Society of Transportation, volume 26, issue 2, 2008, Pages 47~56
Two-Lane Highway of Korea is important, Because it has the largeest portion of all roads of Korea. But it has only one lane for one direction. So, If Delays are happened by low-speed vehicles, high-speed vehicles should over-take through the other side of the road. This over-takings can generate the high possibility of traffic accidents and the severity of traffic accidents by over-takings is very high. Because it generates a head-on collision. But the level of Service that indicates the operation states of Two-Lane Highway is defined as a conception that explains the operation conditions of traffic safety etc. Whencalculating the Level of service. It is considered by only delays. So, in this paper, first, this author wants to present the calculation of delay-time by Total-Delay Rate. Second, by multiplying this delay-time by the costs of delays wants to present the method of calulates the total delay costs. Third, to consider the traffic accidents, After predicting the number of traffic accidents, As multipling this by the average of costs of traffic accidents. want to present the method to calculate Total traffic accidents costs. Forth, present the operation costs.
A study on location planning of the on-street loading/unloading bays in the central business district
Lee, Sang-Yong ; Jung, Hun-Young ;
Journal of Korean Society of Transportation, volume 26, issue 2, 2008, Pages 57~67
Loading zone is necessary to central business district(CBD) due to freight trucks coming into inner city. Currently truck drivers in metropolitan area are forced to illegally park their freight trucks on the roads close to the business facilities because there is no or few loading zones available in the CBD. This situation would bring into traffic congestion and even might block local roads in the CBD. This study reviews the existing improvement plans in city logistics, and examines delivery characteristics related to freight trucks and drivers in Seomyeon, the central downtown of Busan. Also it conducts a location planning for on-street loading/unloading bay using a technical method for arranging loading space. This research estimated the number of parking and stop bays for truck's operation using queueing theory based on truck-service rate and arrival rate, and found locations with the minimum resistance function values for freight movement in arranging on-street loading/unloading bays.
Feasibility Study on the Introduction of the Transfer-Traffic System to Tourist Resorts (Focused on Naejang Mt. National Park)
Lee, Byung-Joo ; Kim, Myung-Soo ; Sung, Soo-Lyeon ; NamGung, Moon ;
Journal of Korean Society of Transportation, volume 26, issue 2, 2008, Pages 69~78
Tour traffic takes largely place at certain limited period of time so that it is desirable to adopt some kind of software-typed approaches like the introduction of a new traffic system rather than hardware-typed ones of extension or construction of roads, and which naturally leads to the need of establishing a new tour traffic policy that makes the most profit at the lowest cost. In this research, I studied cognitive characteristics of traffic congestion of tour traffic and non-tour traffic and constructed a transfer traffic-choice behavior model for the introduction of transfer-traffic system and examined its influence factors. As a result, it is revealed that respondents feel much more the cognitive strength of traffic congestion at tourist resorts than they feel usually at non-tourist sites. That means the necessity of the introduction of the policy that enhances access to tourist resorts. In closing, through the transfer-traffic choice behavior model, I identified the fact that the introduction of transfer-traffic system could convert the trend of highly frequent use of passenger cars on tourism season into public transportation use, which shows that relevant policy-makers ultimately need to make a comprehensive policy considering traffic aspect in revitalizing tour resorts.
An Interval Travel Demand Estimation Method
Lee, Seung-Jae ; Kim, Yong-Hoon ;
Journal of Korean Society of Transportation, volume 26, issue 2, 2008, Pages 81~88
This paper presents the travel demand estimation using interval estimation methods during the trip generation stage, and then followed the other three stages of the four stage trip estimation. We have used real data of Dae-jun City. To estimate travel demand using the interval estimation method, a reliability level was set to 95% by a upper bound value, a middle value and a lower bound value. The four stage traffic demand analysis procedure was equally applied and finally interval traffic was estimated. The result showed a difference between maximum values and middle values depending on the destination during the trip generation stage. It depends on an explanation ability of regression analysis. Most of interval estimation ratio resulted in the traffic assignment stage showed
difference on the average and
at the most.
A Methodology of Path based User Equilibrium Assignment in the Signalized Urban Road Networks
Han, Dong-Hee ; Park, Jun-Hwan ; Lee, Young-Ihn ; Lim, Kang-Won ;
Journal of Korean Society of Transportation, volume 26, issue 2, 2008, Pages 89~100
In an urban network controlled by traffic signals, there is an interaction between the signal timing and the routes chosen by individual road users. This study develops a bi level programming model for traffic signal optimization in networks with path based traffic assignment. In the bi level programming model, genetic algorithm approach has been proposed to solve upper level problem for a signalized road network. Path based traffic assignment using column generation technique which is proposed by M.H. Xu, is applied at the lower-level. Genetic Algorithm provieds a feasible set of signal timings within specified lower and upper bounds signal timing variables and feeds into lower level problem. The performance of this model is investigated in numerical experiment in a sample network. In result, optimal signal settings and user equilibrium flows are made.
Missing Data Estimation for Link Travel Time
Yoon, Won-Sik ; Jung, Hee-Cheol ;
Journal of Korean Society of Transportation, volume 26, issue 2, 2008, Pages 101~107
Traffic speed data may be missed due to detector malfunction or network problems. In this paper we have proposed effective methods to estimate the data which could not be collected through loop detectors. Our proposed algorithm has three steps. First step is to find the most similar neighbor data record by coefficient of correlation. Second step is to make some data records which is calculated by the 5 kinds of estimation methods. Third step is to compare the data records with history data record of observation link and thus the best method is selected. The proposed method is useful for estimating travel time.
The study on error, missing data and imputation of the smart card data for the transit OD construction
Park, Jun-Hwan ; Kim, Soon-Gwan ; Cho, Chong-Suk ; Heo, Min-Wook ;
Journal of Korean Society of Transportation, volume 26, issue 2, 2008, Pages 109~119
The number of card users has grown steadily after the adaption of smart card. Considering the diverse information from smart card data, the increase of card usage rate leads to various useful implications meaning in travel pattern analysis and transportation policy. One of the most important implications is the possibility that the data enables us to generate transit O/D tables easily. In the case of generating transit O/D tables from smart card data, it is necessary to filter data error and/or data missing. Also, the correction of data missing is an important procedure. In this study, it is examined to compute the level of data error and data missing, and to correct data missing for transit O/D generation.
Development of Car Following Model of Adaptive Cruise Controlled Vehicle Considering Human Factors
Park, Hee-Je ; Bae, Sang-Hoon ; Jung, Hee-Jin ;
Journal of Korean Society of Transportation, volume 26, issue 2, 2008, Pages 121~133
Conventional car following models are controlled when the velocity of following vehicle is equal to preceding vehicle without consideration of relative distance. Also, since the car following models are hardly consider the driver's behaviors and the environmental factors in driving, the models can't be adopted in reality. Hence, we developed the car following model applying Human Factors to consider driver's safety and comfortness. We simulated to compare the suggested model with the existing model, GGM(General GM). As results of simulations, the GGM model followed the preceding vehicle when the velocity of following vehicle was equal to preceding vehicle without relation of relative range. The other side, when the relative range was less or over than safety range, the suggested model made the relative range equal to safety range. Accordingly, we could be sure that the model would decrease the driver's discomfort and intensify the safety on driving without unnecessary waste of road. We identified that the suggested model is more realistic than the conventional GGM model.
A Methodology for Expanding Sample OD Based on Probe Vehicle
Baek, Seung-Kirl ; Jeong, So-Young ; Kim, Hyun-Myung ; Choi, Kee-Choo ;
Journal of Korean Society of Transportation, volume 26, issue 2, 2008, Pages 135~145
As a fundamental input to the travel demand forecasting, OD has been always a concern in obtaining the accurate link traffic volume. Numerous methods were applied thus far without a complete success. Some existing OD estimation techniques generally extract regular samples and expand those sample into population. These methods, however, leaves some to be desired in terms of accuracy. To complement such problems, research on estimating OD using additional information such as link traffic volume as well as sample link use rate have been accomplished. In this paper, a new approach for estimating static origin-destination (OD) using probe vehicle has been proposed. More specifically, this paper tried to search an effective sample rate which varies over time and space. In a sample test network study, the traffic volume error rate of each link was set as objective function in solving the problem. As a key result the MAE (mean absolute error) between expanded OD and actual OD was identified as about 5.28%. The developed methodology could be applied with similar cases. Some limitations and future research agenda have also been discussed.
Impacts of number of O/D zone and Network aggregation level in Transportation Demand Forecast
Lim, Yong-Taek ; Kang, Min-Gu ; Lee, Chang-Hun ;
Journal of Korean Society of Transportation, volume 26, issue 2, 2008, Pages 147~156
It has been widely known that there are so many factors making travel demand errors in transportation forecasting steps. One of the reasons may stem from the level of aggregation of zone and network in analysis process. This paper investigates the effect of level of aggregation considering with number of zones in travel demand forecasting by expanding or reducing the zone and network gradually. Numerical results show that the aggregation could not make a significant impact on the travel demand, while disaggregation does. These results imply that a careful manipulation is required to add or to reduce zones and links in transportation planning process.
Estimation of Freeway Accident Likelihood using Real-time Traffic Data
Park, Joon-Hyung ; Oh, Cheol ; NamKoong, Seong ;
Journal of Korean Society of Transportation, volume 26, issue 2, 2008, Pages 157~166
This study proposed a model to estimate traffic accident likelihood using real-time traffic data obtained from freeway traffic surveillance systems. Traffic variables representing spatio-temporal variations of traffic conditions were utilized as independent variables in the proposed models. Binary logistics regression modelings were conducted to correlate traffic variables and accident data that were collected from the Seohaean freeway during recent three years, from 2004 to 2006. To apply more reliable traffic variables, outlier filtering and data imputation were also performed. The outcomes of the model that are actually probabilistic measures of accident occurrence would be effectively utilized not only in designing warning information systems but also in evaluating the effectiveness of various traffic operations strategies in terms of traffic safety.
Design Criteria of the Median Barrier Considering Impulse Measurement
Park, Je-Jin ;
Journal of Korean Society of Transportation, volume 26, issue 2, 2008, Pages 167~176
Although a rate of car accident death is on the decrease, internal rate of median encroachment accident is still high. In order to reduce the median encroachment accident, government use median barriers but there are no exact criteria of them. Particularly, current impulse measurement method has adopted the uniformly operating speed and encroachment angle. At reality, however, there are various conditions depends on driver's characters. In that reason, this study calculates reasonable impulse quantity through encroachment angle and operating speed. It will be necessary to prevent overuse treasury and car accidents.
Development of Video Image Detection System based on Tripwire and Vehicle Tracking Technologies focusing performance analysis with Autoscope
Oh, Ju-Taek ; Min, Joon-Young ; Kim, Seung-Woo ; Hur, Byung-Do ; Kim, Myung-Soeb ;
Journal of Korean Society of Transportation, volume 26, issue 2, 2008, Pages 177~186
Video Image Detection System can be used for various traffic managements including traffic operation and traffic safety. Video Image Detection Technique can be divide by Tripwire System and Tracking System. Autoscope, which is widely used in the market, utilizes the Tripwire System. In this study, we developed an individual vehicle tracking system that can collect microscopic traffic information and also developed another image detection technology under the Tripwire System. To prove the accuracy and reliability of the newly developed systems, we compared the traffic data of the systems with those generated by Autoscope. The results showed that 0.35% of errors compared with the real traffic counts and 1.78% of errors with Autoscope. Performance comparisons on speed from the two systems showed the maximum errors of 1.77% with Autoscope, which confirms the usefulness of the newly developed systems.