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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
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Journal of Korean Society of Transportation
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Journal DOI :
Korean Society of Transportation
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Volume & Issues
Volume 26, Issue 6 - Dec 2008
Volume 26, Issue 5 - Oct 2008
Volume 26, Issue 4 - Aug 2008
Volume 26, Issue 3 - Jun 2008
Volume 26, Issue 2 - Apr 2008
Volume 26, Issue 1 - Feb 2008
Selecting the target year
Determining Priority of the Action Plan of Facilitation in Air Transport (Using CK model of Data Envelopment Analysis)
Kim, Min-Jung ; Hong, Seock-Jin ; Kim, Yeon-Myung ;
Journal of Korean Society of Transportation, volume 26, issue 3, 2008, Pages 7~16
The immigration procedure at airports is vital to making passenger and cargo transport faster. The rapid procedure of immigration could be an important determining factor when passengers select an air transport company, one that should have high satisfactory in terms of their service level and efficiency. Therefore, the advanced airport makes it easy for customers and their cargo to proceed. The coordination between authorities related to the Korean international airport is not satisfactory for customers. This paper analyzes the factors necessary to enhance the airport immigration procedure with the movement of aircrafts, passengers, cargo, and post, using the CK(Cook and Kress) model of DEA(Data Envelopment Analysis). From this study, the author found that research and development will be needed to improve the immigration procedure, especially on facilities and their operating systems. There are needed, also, performance indicators and a continuous monitoring system.
A Volume-Delay Function Parameter Estimation and Validation for Traffic Assignment
Lim, Yong-Taek ; Kang, Min-Gu ; Choo, Sang-Ho ; Lee, Sang-Min ;
Journal of Korean Society of Transportation, volume 26, issue 3, 2008, Pages 17~29
A volume-delay function(VDF) has been used to describe the relation between traffic volumes and delay experienced by travelers on the roads traveling from origin to destination, which has been usually adopted in traffic assignment. For the purpose of more precise description of traffic pattern, we have to estimate the parameters of VDF in advance. This paper presents a methodology for estimating the parameters, which combined with golden section method. By using the method we have estimated the parameters with real data based on KTDB(2006), and validated them. Compared to the existing values of the parameters, newly estimated values are found to be closer to real world.
Development of an Online Evaluation Model for Traffic Signal Control System
Go, Gwang-Yong ; Lee, Seung-Hwan ;
Journal of Korean Society of Transportation, volume 26, issue 3, 2008, Pages 31~40
There have been a lot of efforts to find more accurate evaluation methods for traffic signal control effectiveness for a long period of time. Nowadays a newly advanced method called HILSS, 'Hardware-in-the-Loop-Simulation System', is used to evaluate the overall traffic control's effectiveness including physical control environments like communication conditions, hardware performance, controller's mechanical operations and so on. In this study, an Online-HILSS model has been developed, which runs on CORSIM(5.0) micro traffic simulation model on-lined to COSMOS. For the verification of the model, three tests are performed as follows; (1) a comparison of TMC's timing plan with the simulated green interval, (2) as a case study, a delay distribution comparison of the online simulation with the CORSIM stand-alone simulation. The result of the first test shows that the model can run the simulation green interval by TMC's timing plan correctly. The result of second test shows that the online simulation of the model brings the same simulation results with the CORSIM offline simulation in case of the same timing plan. These results mean that the online evaluation model could be a reliable tool to measure a real-time signal control effectiveness of a wide area street network with the HILSS method.
Study on Local Bus Service after Bus Route Reform in Busan
Song, Ki-Wook ; Jung, Hun-Young ; Lee, Joon-Seung ;
Journal of Korean Society of Transportation, volume 26, issue 3, 2008, Pages 41~51
As the local bus service diagram after the bus route reform is studied by variable analysis based on traffic card data and income adjustment data, the characteristic of the local bus system is revealed in Busan Metropolitan city. The relationship between traveling length and traveling time is influenced by traveling velocity. In order to keep a headway within 10 minutes, bus service number per minute should be over 0.1013 vehicles. The traveling time of afternoon is generally longer than that of forenoon. Compared with the bus used by a lot people, the deviation of that used by a few people is larger in the all cases of length, headway, time and velocity. According to the analysis of the relationship among card trip number, average income and transfer rate, the relationship between card trip number and average income is expressed as linear function in the general bus and as exponential function in the high-grade & rapid bus. The 1% increase of transfer rate is equal to 6.3 trip/vehicle/day decrease and 4.9 trip/vehicle/day decrease in two bus types respectively. The four effective variables are defined by the discriminant analysis between the profitable routes and the unprofitable; According to discriminant size, bus service number per km, bus via suburb, subway meeting number, bus via university. In order to increase the income when the minibus will be included among public transit transfer system in 2008, it should be necessary to settle the bus network and revitalize the public transit better. In order to decrease the cost, it should be necessary to reorganize the hierarchy between the local bus and the minibus better.
A Study on Road Characteristic Classification using Exploratory Factor Analysis
Cho, Jun-Han ; Kim, Seong-Ho ; Rho, Jeong-Hyun ;
Journal of Korean Society of Transportation, volume 26, issue 3, 2008, Pages 53~66
This research is to the establishment of a conceptual framework that supports road characteristic classification from a new point of view in order to complement of the existing road functional classification and examine of traffic pattern. The road characteristic classification(RCC) is expected to use important performance criteria that produced a policy guidelines for transportation planning and operational management. For this study, the traffic data used the permanent traffic counters(PTCs) located within the national highway between 2002 and 2006. The research has described for a systematic review and assessment of how exploratory factor analysis should be applied from 12 explanatory variables. The optimal number of components and clusters are determined by interpretation of the factor analysis results. As a result, the scenario including all 12 explanatory variables is better than other scenarios. The four components is produced the optimal number of factors. This research made contributions to the understanding of the exploratory factor analysis for the road characteristic classification, further applying the objective input data for various analysis method, such as cluster analysis, regression analysis and discriminant analysis.
Identification Method for Hazardous Road Sections Based on Black Spot Distribution
Kim, Sang-Ook ; Ahn, Seong-Chae ; Choi, Kee-Choo ; Chang, Il-Joon ;
Journal of Korean Society of Transportation, volume 26, issue 3, 2008, Pages 67~74
Even though the efficiency of a point based black spot improvement project has been low, none of solid methodology, which is based on section not point, and is considered as one of the promising substitute, has not been come up with yet. Thus, this research aims at proposing the adequate length of a hazardous section and a method to set segment length over which the project needs to be performed on rural highways by analyzing the distances from project-conducted sites to new black spots in the following year and distances between project needed but not conducted sites and new black spots in the following year. According to the analysis, the probability of being a new black spot near the project conducted intersection is higher than that of a non-conducted intersection within 2km, however, no strong relationships between project types and distance distribution have been found. Based on those findings, a method to determine the target segment including adjacent black spots within 2 kilometers-range was proposed.
Travel Pattern Analysis Using TCS Data and GIS in Korea
Kim, Jae-Hun ; Chung, Jin-Hyuk ; Choi, Min-Hwan ; Chang, Hoon ;
Journal of Korean Society of Transportation, volume 26, issue 3, 2008, Pages 75~84
In 2002, the 5-day workweek policy was effective in Korea. As we have expected, the 5-day workweek policy has changed people's travel behavior during weekdays and weekends. Several studies have been done to understand these changes and impacts on transportation systems. However, these studies have only focused on travel pattern changes without considering spatial factors. Said in another way, although individual travel pattern changes are usually investigated, indices adopted cannot describe travel pattern changes in a proper way due to lack of the spatial distribution measure. This study aims to analyze travel change since the 5-day work week policy in effect using a new index (i.e. Travel Vector Index) developed in this study, which can explain travel pattern changes in terms of magnitude and spatial point of views. The new index uses a GIS technology and TCS (Toll Collection System) databases in Korea. The results in this study show that the index is very useful and reliable to measure the travel patterns changes. They are applied to TCS data set and the results show that the 5-day workweek policy significantly affects on travel behaviors.
The Effect of Point to Point Speed Enforcement Systems on Traffic Flow Characteristics
Park, Je-Jin ; Lee, Yun-Mi ; Park, Jae-Beom ; Kang, Jeong-Gyu ;
Journal of Korean Society of Transportation, volume 26, issue 3, 2008, Pages 85~95
The purpose of this study is to reduce a high speed driving, it is a large scale traffic accident as the most dangerous fact on the highway. So traffic accidents related to high speed driving, a number of automated speed enforcement system has been established up to now. At present automated speed enforcement system in Korea control overspeed vehicle only in the specific spot. Because the drivers generally recognize the previous stated fact. therefore, we need speed control by new system. it is necessary to establish the automated traffic enforcement system based on the travel time speed. In conclusion, we obtain the desired results about automated traffic enforcement system based on the travel time speed. it is important that the number of traffic accidents has decreased and try to secure the safety of traffic.
Impacts of the Accessibility of Parking and Public Transportation on Mode Choice by Trip Purpose in the city of Seoul
Sung, Hyun-Gon ; Shin, Ki-Sook ; Rho, Jeong-Hyun ;
Journal of Korean Society of Transportation, volume 26, issue 3, 2008, Pages 97~108
Like always selecting anything in everyday lives, We must choose a travel mode to achieve its purposes driven by diverse factors such as travel distance and accessibility of public transit. Assuming that they are differentiated depending on whether a travel purpose is commuting, shopping or leasure, the study investigated their distinguished impacts on travel mode choice by using binary logit models by travel purpose and mode. Identifying that travel time has an important role in choosing a travel mode whether its purpose is any, the results show that longer travel time tends to increase the possibilities of taking public transit, transfer and rail transit rather than bus. In addition, the easy use of a car and its parking to travelers is more important in their choosing an automobile as a travel mode than other factors. In the models of identifying the probability of mode choice between bus and rail transit, we find that its choice tends to be decided by travelers depending on whether any public transit mode is more accessible to them. When comparing the results among travel purposes, we identify that the easy use of a car and parking in their destination is more important for commuting, while accessibility of public transit in their origination increases the probability of taking a transit mode.
The Effects of a School Zone Improvement Project on Crash Reduction Regarding Land Use Characteristics
Lee, Soo-Beom ; Jung, Do-Young ; Kim, Do-Gyeong ;
Journal of Korean Society of Transportation, volume 26, issue 3, 2008, Pages 109~117
The first phase of School Zone Improvement Project introduced to enhance the safety of school-routes were completed by 2007 and the second phase of the project will be continued from 2008 to 2012. Since a huge budget is required for the project, there is a need to evaluate how many child-related crashes were reduced through the project, prior to the implementation of the second phase. Therefore, this study aims to analyze the influence of the School Zone Improvement Project on reduction in child-related crashes with data collected from the database of the National Police Agency. This study employed a Before-and-After study with comparison group to assess how many crashes were reduced. The results showed that the number of child-related crashes were decreased by 10, which is about 39% reduction in crash frequencies. With respect to the land use characteristics of school zones, the number of reduced crashes in residential zone, commercial zone, and mixed zone were 2.41, 3.8, and 0.5, respectively. The results may provide a significant implication for the second phase of the project that there is a need to establish different plans for improvement project with respect to land use characteristics.
Analysis of Rain Impacts on Freeway Trip Characteristics
Baek, Seung-Kirl ; Kim, Bum-Jin ; Lim, Yong-Taek ;
Journal of Korean Society of Transportation, volume 26, issue 3, 2008, Pages 119~128
Weather like rain, strong wind or snowfall may make the road condition deteriorated and sometimes induce traffic accidents, which lead to severe traffic congestion, thereby travelers may change their destinations elsewhere. Although origin-destination trip information is required to analyze transportation planning in urban area, there are little researches on the relationship between weather condition and travel patterns. This paper investigates the characteristics of travel patterns on expressway in rainy days of 2006. We compare the normal travel patterns with those of rainy days by the travel distance for each vehicle type. Results show that traffic volume and travel distance have been reduced in rainy days as we expect, and also show different travel patterns for weekday and weekend.
Business Method Developing a "Walking" Navigator for Street Shoppers
Lee, Jong-Deok ; Hwang, Kee-Yeon ;
Journal of Korean Society of Transportation, volume 26, issue 3, 2008, Pages 129~141
Portable navigation markets grew up to 95% last year. This study aims to develop a business model for pedestrian-oriented portable navigator for street shoppers. Related previous studies developed successfully the alogrithm for a portable navigator, and the current study seeks for diverse ways to turn this system into a new type of on & off line-based LBS business. The business model proposed in this study adopted two different approaches of benefit yields based on the structural analysis of so-called Wanavi navigation system. One is segmented approach seeking for benefits from each individual system component such as communication network, contents, and platform. The other approach is to run the business by integrating relevant system componts in every possible way to attract customers to this portable navigator. The purpose of this proposal is not limited to activate emerging walking navigator markets, but to aim at creating idealistic free market system where all the shoppers are furnished complete market information to the fullest extent when they go on shopping.
A Model of Location Decisions of Natural Gas Filling Station Considering Spatial Coverage and Travel Cost
Yu, Jeong-Whon ; Lee, Mu-Young ; Oh, Sei-Chang ;
Journal of Korean Society of Transportation, volume 26, issue 3, 2008, Pages 145~153
This study proposes a facility location model in consideration of spatial coverage and travel cost as an effort to make objective and effective decisions of natural gas filling stations. The proposed model is developed for fixed stations and consists of two stages. The first stage employs a heuristic algorithm to find a set of locations which satisfy the spatial coverage constraints determined by the maximum travel distance between the filling stations and bus depots. In the second stage, the optimal location of filling stations is determined based on the minimum travel cost estimated by using a modified transportation problem as well as the construction and maintenance costs of the filling stations. The applicability of the model is analyzed through finding the optimal location of filling stations for the city of Anyang, a typical medium-sized city in metropolitan Seoul, based on the demand of natural gas buses. This study is expected to help promote the spread of natural gas buses by providing a starting point of a objective and reasonable methodological perspective to address the filling station location problem.
Multi-class Variable Demand Network Equilibrium
Kim, Byung-Kwan ; Lim, Yong-Taek ; Lim, Kang-Won ; Lee, Young-Ihn ;
Journal of Korean Society of Transportation, volume 26, issue 3, 2008, Pages 155~167
This paper studies a multiple user class variable demand user equilibrium and system optimal condition, and then establishes solution algorithms for them. The traffic network equilibrium is accomplished with basis on following assumptions. For considering heterogeneous road user, several user classes have discrete set of VOTs and the travel demand of each user classes varies according to generalized travel cost. this paper specifically investigates following question on multi-class variable demand: Are user equilibrium flows pattern dependent on the unit (time or money) perceived by road user classes? What is system optimal condition according to the unit used in measuring the travel cost or disutility? Finally, using this network equilibrium condition, The traffic assignment algorithm of each equilibrium condition are established.
Level of Service of Signalized Intersections Considering both Delay and Accidents
Park, Je-Jin ; Park, Seong-Yong ; Ha, Tae-Jun ;
Journal of Korean Society of Transportation, volume 26, issue 3, 2008, Pages 169~178
Level of Service (LOS) is one of ways to evaluate operational conditions. It is very important factor in evaluation especially for the facility of highways. However, some studies proved that
ratio and accident rate is appeared like a second function which has a U-form. It means there is a gap between LOS and safety of highway facilities. Therefore, this study presents a method for evaluation of a signalized intersection which is considered both smooth traffic operation (delay) and traffic safety (accident). Firstly, as a result of our research, accident rates and EPDO are decreased when it has a big delay. In that reason, it is necessary to make a new Level of Service included traffic safety. Secondly, this study has developed a negative binominal regression model which is based on the relation between accident patterns and stream. Thirdly, standards of LOS are presented which is originated from calculation between annual delay costs and annual accident cost at each intersection. Lastly, worksheet form is presented as an expression to an estimation step of a signalized intersection with traffic accident prediction model and new LOS.
Traffic Flow Management under Ubiquitous Transportation System Environments
Park, Eun-Mi ;
Journal of Korean Society of Transportation, volume 26, issue 3, 2008, Pages 179~186
It is crucial in traffic flow management to maintain productivity and the traffic stability at the same time especially under congested traffic conditions. This issue has not been explicitly addressed under the intelligent transportation system environments. However, the ubiquitous transportation system environments make it possible to collect the data for each vehicle's position and velocity and to perform more sophisticated traffic flow management at individual vehicle or platoon level through V2V and V2I communications. In this paper, a preventive traffic flow management scheme is proposed, in which the objective is to maintain traffic flow stability while the productivity of the system is not decreased. The management scheme is proposed based on Greenshield's model because it is simple and easy to handle. It is considered that further research should be performed to evaluate the various traffic flow models.
A Study on Evaluation of Consistency Using 3-Dimensional Sight Distance
Park, Je-Jin ; Oh, Young-Wook ; Kang, Jeong-Gyu ; Ha, Tae-Jun ;
Journal of Korean Society of Transportation, volume 26, issue 3, 2008, Pages 187~197
While driving a highway, A driver gets lots of information through geometrical structure, traffic situation, signs on the road. He gets most of the information by visual sense. Acceleration or deceleration and driving direction depend on sight distance. Therefore, it's essential to secure a driver's sight distance for a safe drive. However, design guides of geometrical structure and sight distance suggest respective standards of horizontal and vertical alignment. They do not indicate quantitative standard of combined alignment. Currently, element separated on a two-dimensional projected plane are available, but they do not guarantee safe and pleasant design. I will use the existent model analysing three-dimensional sight distance through mathematical calculation and sort a variety of geometrical structure element and type. In these researches, we will look at how much three-dimensional sight distance is overestimated or underestimated compared to two-dimensional. I will develop a program which predicts traffic velocity on the curvature of two-lane provincial road. stopped sight distance and three-dimensional sight distance will be compared at a predicted drive velocity. I will suggest the way to evaluate road consistency.
A Theoretical Analysis of Probabilistic DDHV Estimation Models
Cho, Jun-Han ; Kim, Seong-Ho ; Rho, Jeong-Hyun ;
Journal of Korean Society of Transportation, volume 26, issue 3, 2008, Pages 199~209
This paper is described the concepts and limitations for the traditional directional design hour volume estimation. The main objective of this paper is to establish an estimation method of probabilistic directional design hour volume in order to improve the limitation for the traditional approach method. To express the traffic congestion of specific road segment, this paper proposed the link travel time as the probability that the road capacity can accommodate a certain traffic demand at desired service level. Also, the link travel time threshold was derived from chance-constrained stochastic model. Such successive probabilistic process could determine optimal ranked design hour volume and directional design hour volume. Therefore, the probabilistic directional design hour volume can consider the traffic congestion and economic aspect in road planning and design stage. It is hoped that this study will provide a better understanding of various issues involved in the short term prediction of directional design hourly volume on different types of roads.
A Study on the Development of an Estimation Model: The Psychological Cost of Traffic Accidents
Yu, Jeong-Bok ; Shon, Eui-Young ;
Journal of Korean Society of Transportation, volume 26, issue 3, 2008, Pages 211~221
This dissertation studied the psychological cost, which converted the mental pain suffered by the victim of a traffic accident and his/her family, friends and people around him/her into social costs. Three methodologies - Choice Experiments, Direct Question and Dichotomous Choice Question - were used to design questionnaires, and models were built for each questionnaire design method. When building models, a logit model was used, which is used most frequently in probabilistic choice model. And the tobitmodel was used to make direct questionnaires. When verifying these models, although there were some differences in each model, suitability of most models and credibility of each coefficient were meaningful around the credibility level of 95%. According to the analysis, domestic psychological cost produced through the assessment model of psychological cost was 15.63 million won per person or 5.1 trillion in total, assuming 37.1% of total traffic accident cost.
The Algorithm for Selecting Parking Lots Considering Drivers' Preference
Jo, Mi-Jeong ; Park, Chang-Ho ; Lee, Sung-Mo ;
Journal of Korean Society of Transportation, volume 26, issue 3, 2008, Pages 223~232
It can be expected, recently, that the traffic congestion grows worse because the 48% of passenger cars are concentrated in the metropolitan area. However, there is an enforcement regulation that must limit onsite parking lot establishment in some downtown, so it is forecasted that parking lot supply is insufficient. Therefore, this study concentrate upon the subject that solves the problem which drivers are difficult to find parking lots because of increasing demand for parking. This study includes the concept about walking distance because the choice of parking lots is happened within walking distance. The algorithm of this study applies to toy-network, and then this study analyze the result of toy-network. It is proper to consider user's preference because the patterns of choice are different. Moreover, this study suggests the vision that will can offer drivers more correct information by real time information sharing in course of ubiquitous age.
A Methodology of Multimodal Public Transportation Network Building and Path Searching Using Transportation Card Data
Cheon, Seung-Hoon ; Shin, Seong-Il ; Lee, Young-Ihn ; Lee, Chang-Ju ;
Journal of Korean Society of Transportation, volume 26, issue 3, 2008, Pages 233~243
Recognition for the importance and roles of public transportation is increasing because of traffic problems in many cities. In spite of this paradigm change, previous researches related with public transportation trip assignment have limits in some aspects. Especially, in case of multimodal public transportation networks, many characters should be considered such as transfers. operational time schedules, waiting time and travel cost. After metropolitan integrated transfer discount system was carried out, transfer trips are increasing among traffic modes and this takes the variation of users' route choices. Moreover, the advent of high-technology public transportation card called smart card, public transportation users' travel information can be recorded automatically and this gives many researchers new analytical methodology for multimodal public transportation networks. In this paper, it is suggested that the methodology for establishment of brand new multimodal public transportation networks based on computer programming methods using transportation card data. First, we propose the building method of integrated transportation networks based on bus and urban railroad stations in order to make full use of travel information from transportation card data. Second, it is offered how to connect the broken transfer links by computer-based programming techniques. This is very helpful to solve the transfer problems that existing transportation networks have. Lastly, we give the methodology for users' paths finding and network establishment among multi-modes in multimodal public transportation networks. By using proposed methodology in this research, it becomes easy to build multimodal public transportation networks with existing bus and urban railroad station coordinates. Also, without extra works including transfer links connection, it is possible to make large-scaled multimodal public transportation networks. In the end, this study can contribute to solve users' paths finding problem among multi-modes which is regarded as an unsolved issue in existing transportation networks.