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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
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Journal of Korean Society of Transportation
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Journal DOI :
Korean Society of Transportation
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Volume & Issues
Volume 27, Issue 6 - Dec 2009
Volume 27, Issue 5 - Oct 2009
Volume 27, Issue 4 - Aug 2009
Volume 27, Issue 3 - Jun 2009
Volume 27, Issue 2 - Apr 2009
Volume 27, Issue 1 - Feb 2009
Selecting the target year
A Study of Level of Service Criteria for Roundabouts
Kim, Eung-Cheol ; Ji, Min-Gyeong ;
Journal of Korean Society of Transportation, volume 27, issue 1, 2009, Pages 7~16
Korea Highway Capacity Manual (2001) proposes only LOS(Level of Service) analysis method on non-control and two-way-stop intersections, not dealing with the analysis method on LOS for roundabouts, nor even including the term 'roundabout'. This study selects proper MOEs for roundabouts and criteria the LOS through simulation analysis. To attain this goal, the authors reviewed the methods to select proper MOEs in the first step, criteria the Los. For this study, the MOEs were chosen from existing literature, and used for the criteria. The MOEs to be applied to roundabouts in this research were entry traffic volume, v/c (volume/capacity) ratio, and average vehicle delays. The results showed that the maximum entry traffic volume(LOS F) at local one-lane roundabout was analyzed to be 1,700pcph and average vehicle delay 18 seconds LOS A was analyzed as 700pcph and average vehicle delay 3 seconds and v/c 0.41 in this case Maximum entry traffic volume(LOS F) at local area 2 lane roundabouts was analyzed as 2,900pcph and their average vehicle delay as 31 seconds LOS A was analyzed to be 1.500pcph and average vehicle delay 8 seconds, v/c 0.52.
Analyzing drivers' visual response variation in very long expressway tunnel ; the Yuksimnyeong tunnel
Kim, Ju-Yeong ; Kim, Hyeon-Jin ; Jang, Myeong-Sun ;
Journal of Korean Society of Transportation, volume 27, issue 1, 2009, Pages 17~25
This research analyzed the changes of drivers' visual workload with beta wave of bionic signals from brain's occipital lobe from entrance to exit section of the Yuksimnyeong tunnel which is 3.1km long in Daejeon-Tongyeong section of Jungbu expressway. There are 10 subjects who Participate our experiments and the results are as follows. First. the drivers' visual workload is higher about 41% in entrance section of the tunnel than 200m in advance of the section of the tunnel. Second, it is higher than 200m in advance of the section of the tunnel by 34.5% that the value of the drivers' visual workload who is driving in the tunnel. Third, as a result of analyzing the tunnel into 200m unit section, it is statistically different from other sections' at the 1.0km and 2.4km section from the entrance of the tunnel. If drivers sustain average visual workload for safe driving in very long tunnel, it's not desirable environment that drivers' visual workload goes under the average workload. Therefore, it would be the section where drivers who is driving in tunnel could cause a traffic accident.
Analysis of the Macroscopic Traffic Flow Changes using the Two-Fluid Model by the Improvements of the Traffic Signal Control System
Jeong, Yeong-Je ; Kim, Yeong-Chan ; Kim, Dae-Ho ;
Journal of Korean Society of Transportation, volume 27, issue 1, 2009, Pages 27~34
The operational effect of traffic signal control improvement was evaluated using the Two-Fluid Model. The parameters engaged in the Two-Fluid Model becomes food indicators to measure the quality of traffic flow due to the improvement of traffic signal operation. A series of experiment were conduced for the 31 signalized intersections in Uijeongbu City. To estimate the parameters in the Two-Fluid Model the trajectory informations of individual vehicles were collected using the CORSIM and Run Time Extension. The test results showed 35 percent decrease of average minimum trip time per unit distance. One of the parameters in the Two-Fluid Model is a measure of the resistance of the network to the degraded operation with the increased demand. The test result showed 28 percent decrease of this parameter. In spite of the simulation results of the arterial flow, it was concluded that the Two-Fluid Model is useful tool to evaluate the improvement of the traffic signal control system from the macroscopic aspect.
A model of a relative evaluation of the transfer distance between two modes
Cha, Dong-Deuk ; O, Jae-Hak ; Park, Wan-Yong ; Park, Seon-Bok ;
Journal of Korean Society of Transportation, volume 27, issue 1, 2009, Pages 35~42
One of the problems we face up at the time of planning or improving a transportation transfer facility is which modes and how close we have to put together. The goal here is to keep the connecting transportation mode as close as possible to the prime transit mode, so people travel a minimum transfer path, a distance from one mode to another. Too much a physical separation between modes will limit, even with an intensive improvement of the component links, the level of service of a transfer path as a whole. This study defined a transfer path as the whole stretch of the distance from an arrival point of one mode to the departure point of the connecting mode. The transfer path was divided into three typical segments as side walk, stairways, and indoor corridors. Preference surveys were made for each of these segments, resulting in relative resistance. The sum of individual segments weighted with the relative resistance will make a transfer resistance of the path, which in turn constitutes a transfer utility function together with the overall satisfaction score obtained by the interview survey. The transfer utility function has been utilized to evaluate the transfer distance between modes.
Relationships Between Pre-Skidding and Pre-Braking Speed
Ryu, Tae-Seon ; Jeon, Jin-U ; Park, Hong-Han ; Lee, Su-Beom ;
Journal of Korean Society of Transportation, volume 27, issue 1, 2009, Pages 43~51
This paper investigates the accuracy of vehicle pre-braking speed estimates based upon tire/roadway coefficient of friction (drag factor) measurements and skid mark measurements Data for pre-braking and pre-skidding speeds were collected to determine if there were any correlations between pre-braking speeds and pre-skidding speeds. Braking tests were performed on two vehicles using various measurement devices including a fifth wheel, a speed gun, and a vericom 2000. The vehicle speeds, braking distances, skid mark distances, and deceleration histories were recorded. From these data. coefficients of friction and vehicle pre-skidding speeds for the tested road surface were calculated. The pre-skidding speeds were then compared to the actual pre-braking speeds of the vehicles in order to establish relationships between pre-skidding and pre-braking speed. A correlation between the Pre-skidding speed and the actual pre-braking speed was established for the study data.
Analysis on the Applicability of Roundabout to the Diamond Interchange
Kim, Tae-Yeong ; Park, Sang-Hyeok ; Park, Byeong-Ho ;
Journal of Korean Society of Transportation, volume 27, issue 1, 2009, Pages 53~62
The purposes of the study is to comparatively analyze the applicability of roundabout to the diamond interchange. In pursuing the above, this study give the particular attentions to comparing the performances of roundabout with those of TWSC and signalized intersection based on the aaSIDRA software. The main study results are as follows. First, when the entering traffic volumes(ETV) are more than 480pcph, the single-lane roundabout is analyzed to be more effective than 4-leged unsignalized intersection and when ETV are
, double-lane roundabout is analyzed to be more effective than 4-legged intersection Second, when ETV are more than 980pcph at the single-lane intersection and
at the double-lane intersection, roundabout is analyzed to be more effective than other 3-legged intersections. In summary, when the roundabout installs at the interchange, it is important to consider the range of ETV.
Analysis on Reliabilities of Seoul's Trunk Bus Lines Using BMS Data (through Data Envelopment Analysis)
O, Mi-Yeong ; Jeong, Chang-Yong ; Son, Ui-Yeong ;
Journal of Korean Society of Transportation, volume 27, issue 1, 2009, Pages 63~71
The purpose of this paper is to identify unreliable routes in the view of users. After headway error ratio per route and travel time error ratio per route were calculated by using BMS data, reliability which incorporated two indicators each route was calculated through data envelopment analysis. Reliability among routes and among traffic zones was compared through the results, the needs to improve severely unreliable routes and to show passengers adjusted bus schedule information considering current reliability were suggested. As a future study, reliability evaluation framework of each route needs to be developed considering operation environment by analyzing bus card data (passengers and operation speed etc.) and pooly unreliable route should be managed strictly and reformed.
Truck Destination Choice Behavior incorporating Time of Day, Activity duration and Logistic Activity
Sin, Seung-Jin ; Kim, Chan-Seong ; Park, Min-Cheol ; Kim, Han-Su ;
Journal of Korean Society of Transportation, volume 27, issue 1, 2009, Pages 73~81
While various factors in passenger and freight demand analysis affect on destination choice, a key factor, in general. is an attractiveness measure by size variable (e.g., population. employment etc) in destination zone. In order to measure the attractiveness, some empirical studies suggested that disaggregate gravity model are more suitable than aggregate gravity model. This study proposes that truck travelers trip diary data among Korean commodity flow data could be used to estimate the behaviors of incorporating trip departure time, activity duration and attractiveness in destination. As a result, the main findings of size and distance variables coincide with the conventional gravity model having a positive effect of population variable and a negative effect of distance variable. Due to disaggregate gravity modeling, the unique findings of this study reports that small trucks are more likely to choose short distance and early morning, morning peak and afternoon peak departure time choice. On the other hand, large trucks are more likely to choose long distance and night time departure time choice.
A Study on Safety Standards of a Railway Crossing
Jeong, Yeon-Jeong ; Lee, Seong-Mo ; Park, Chang-Ho ;
Journal of Korean Society of Transportation, volume 27, issue 1, 2009, Pages 83~95
The railway crossing is very dangerous because the track intersects with the road there. Thus, The laws were designed for safety of the railway crossing and they are classified as to the acts for the road and the railroad. For safety of the railway crossing, there are 'Road/Railroad Crossing Improvement Promotion Act', 'Enforcement Decree of Road/Railroad Crossing Improvement Promotion Act', 'Rules on Construction of Railroad', 'Rules on Safety Standards of Railroad Installations', and 'Enforcement Ordinance of Cable way/Railway Track Act' in the acts for the railroad and there are 'Road Traffic Act', 'Enforcement Ordinance of The Road Traffic Act', 'Ruled on Structure and Facility Standards of The Road', 'Rules on Structure And Facility Standards Of The Rural Road' and 'Rules on Structure and Facility Standards of The Installations for Bicycle' in the acts for the road. Both the acts for the road and the railroad have standards for the structure of the railway crossing. However, they have different standards. Besides, they don't have standards for new facilities which were recently installed for safety of the railway crossing. Therefore, we suggest new standards for safety of the railway crossing.
A Study on Development of the Measure of Effects for Pallets Standardization
Kim, Hyeon-Seung ; Do, Hwa-Yong ; Park, Dong-Ju ; Choe, Chang-Ho ;
Journal of Korean Society of Transportation, volume 27, issue 1, 2009, Pages 97~105
It is expected that logistics standardization have an great effect on industry and national economy due to cost saving and improving efficiency. Therefore all countries of the world make a strenuous effort to take a lead of logistics standardization Despite such efforts of every country, our country remained a lukewarm attitude about logistics standardization. Especially, our country remained a lukewarm attitude about logistics standardization effect quantify. We have to suggest the necessity of standardization and the effect for carrying out logistics standard. So, this study performed literature review and case study for development of effect valuation method. Also, this study developed effect valuation standard for quantifiable standardization effect and drew the effect valuation standard model. First, the measure of preliminary effectiveness was chosen for MOE selection. As a results, vehicle load ratio, delivery cost, keeping space efficiency warehouse automation ratio, etc. were selected. Then, vehicle/truck load ratio, warehouse keeping efficiency, up unloading hour, packaging cost, consistency transportation ratio were chosen for MOE of pallet standardization.
Effect of Walking-Environment Factor on Pedestrian Safety
Lee, Su-Min ; Hwang, Gi-Yeon ;
Journal of Korean Society of Transportation, volume 27, issue 1, 2009, Pages 107~114
Human walking is essential and important mean of transportation. Pedestrian safety is recently important because accidents often happen while walking. This research is showing that Walking-environmental factors have effect on safety while walking. At first, exact 15 factors and conduct survey in the preceding research. After that, exact 4 important factors through factor analysis. At result of Multiple regression analysis, null hypothesis has proved to be true by satisfying therms which is F-value 9.211 and P-value 0.000. and come to the conclusion that walking-environmental factors influence pedestrian safety. 4 important factors can be listed by below. Pedestrian-road characteristic, landscape characteristic, commercial characteristic, walking characteristics by following influence. Especially, landscape characteristic and pedestrian-road characteristic can be vital factors.
Analyzing the Uncertainty of Traffic Link Flow, and Estimation of the Interval Link Flow using Korea Transport Data Base
Kim, Gang-Su ; Kim, Jin-Seok ; Jo, Hye-Jin ;
Journal of Korean Society of Transportation, volume 27, issue 1, 2009, Pages 117~127
This study analyzed the uncertainty of the forecasted link traffic flow, and estimated of the interval link flow using Korea Transport Data Base (KTDB) to consider those risks into the feasibility study. In the paper, the uncertainty was analyzed according to the stochastic variation of the KTDB origin-destination traffic. It was found that the uncertainty of the entire network traffic forecasts was 15.4% in average,. when the stochastic variation of the KTDB was considered. The results showed that the more congested the roads were, the bigger the uncertainty of forecasted link traffic flow were found. In particular, we estimated the variance of the forecasted traffic flow, and suggested interval estimates of the forecasted traffic flow instead of point estimates which were presented in the common feasibility studies. These results are expected to contribute the quantitative evaluation of uncertain road investment projects and to provide valuable information to the decision makers for the transport investment.
A Single Allocation Hub Network Design Model for Intermodal Freight Transportation
Kim, Dong-Gyu ; Gang, Seong-Cheol ; Park, Chang-Ho ; Go, Seung-Yeong ;
Journal of Korean Society of Transportation, volume 27, issue 1, 2009, Pages 129~141
Intermodal freight transportation is defined as the movement of freight from origins to destinations by two or more transportation modes. When implemented in hub networks, it could enhance the efficiency of the networks because consolidated flows are transported by more suitable modes and technologies. In spite of this advantage, the intermodal hub network design problem has received limited attention in the literature partly because of the complex nature of the problem. This paper aims to develop an optimization model for designing intermodal hub networks with sin91e allocation strategy. The model takes into account various cost components of intermodal hub networks including transportation, stationary inventory, and service delay costs. Moreover, using transport frequency variables, it is capable of endogenously determining the transportation economies of scale achieved by consolidation of flows. As such, the model is able to realistically represent the characteristics of intermodal hub networks in practice. Since the model Is a complicated nonlinear integer programming problem, we perform model simplification based on the analytical study of the model, which could facilitate the development of solution algorithms in the future. We expect that this study contributes to the design of intermodal hub networks as well as to the assessment of existing logistics systems.
Dynamic traffic assignment based on arrival time-based OD flows
Kim, Hyeon-Myeong ;
Journal of Korean Society of Transportation, volume 27, issue 1, 2009, Pages 143~155
A dynamic traffic assignment (DTA) has recently been implemented in many practical projects. The core of dynamic model is the inclusion of time scale. If excluding the time dimension from a DTA model, the framework of a DTA model is similar to that of static model. Similar to static model, with given exogenous travel demand, a DTA model loads vehicles on the network and finds an optimal solution satisfying a pre-defined route choice rule. In most DTA models, the departure pattern of given travel demand is predefined and assumed as a fixed pattern, although the departure pattern of driver is changeable depending on a network traffic condition. Especially, for morning peak commute where most drivers have their preferred arrival time, the departure time, therefore, should be modeled as an endogenous variable. In this paper, the authors point out some shortcomings of current DTA model and propose an alternative approach which could overcome the shortcomings of current DTA model. The authors substitute a traditional definition for time-dependent OD table by a new definition in which the time-dependent OD table is defined as arrival time-based one. In addition, the authors develop a new DTA model which is capable of finding an equilibrium departure pattern without the use of schedule delay functions. Three types of objective function for a new DTA framework are proposed, and the solution algorithms for the three objective functions are also explained.
Basic Studies on Development of Turn Penalty Functions in Signalized Intersections
O, Sang-Jin ; Kim, Tae-Yeong ; Park, Byeong-Ho ;
Journal of Korean Society of Transportation, volume 27, issue 1, 2009, Pages 157~167
This study deals with the turn penalty functions in the urban transportation demand forecasting. The objectives are to develop the penalty functions of left-turn traffic in the case of signalized intersections, and to analyze the applicability of the functions to the traffic assignment models. This is based on the background that the existing models can not effectively account for the delays of left-turn traffic which is bigger than that of through traffic. In pursuing the above, this study gives particular attention to developing the penalty functions based on the degrees of saturation by simulation results of Transyt-7F, and analyzing the applicability of the functions by the case study of Cheongju. The major findings are the followings. First, two penalty functions developed according to the degrees of saturation, are evaluated to be all statistically significant. Second, the results that the above functions apply to the Cheongju network, are analyzed to be converging, though the iteration numbers increase. Third, the link volumes forecasted by turn penalty functions are evaluated to be better fitted to the observed data than those by the existing models. Finally, the differences of traffic volumes assigned by two functions, which are exponential and divided forms, are analyzed to be very small.
The Rotated Hexagonal Lattice Model for Pedestrian Flow
Lee, Jun ; Heo, Min-Guk ; Jeong, Jin-Hyeok ;
Journal of Korean Society of Transportation, volume 27, issue 1, 2009, Pages 169~177
In this paper, the rotated hexagonal lattice model (RHLM) was proposed, which is applied to pedestrian flow, and developed the simulation model for the pedestrian counterflow. RHLM is an upgrade version of the square lattice model(SLM) and hexagonal lattice model(HLM). The simulation was performed at the hexagonal lattice
and evaluated by different speed, density and flow conditions. Simulation results are compared with SLM and show that RHLM can replicate the characteristics of pedestrian traffic more effectively and reliably than any other existing models from several perspectives. First, RHLM can explain the shortest-path movement of pedestrians and more realistic avoidance motion. If they cannot move straight direction, they can move shorter distance from previous position to destination. Second, RHLM reflects the characteristics that the pedestrian can move with higher capacity and the speed of pedestrian flow is hard to zero.
A Vehicle Reidentification Algorithm using Inductive Vehicle Signatures
Park, Jun-Hyeong ; O, Cheol ; NamGung, Seong ;
Journal of Korean Society of Transportation, volume 27, issue 1, 2009, Pages 179~190
Travel time is one of the most important traffic parameters to evaluate operational performance of freeways. A variety of methods have been proposed to estimate travel times. One feasible solution to estimating travel times is to utilize existing loop detector-based infrastructure since the loops are the most widely deployed detection system in the world. This study proposed a new approach to estimate travel times for freeways. Inductive vehicle signatures extracted from the loop detectors were used to match vehicles from upstream and downstream stations. Ground-truthing was also conducted to systematically evaluate the performance of the proposed algorithm by recognizing individual vehicles captured by video cameras placed at upstream and downstream detection stations. A lexicographic optimization method vehicle reidentification algorithm was developed. Vehicle features representing the characteristics of individual vehicles such as vehicle length and interpolations extracted from the signature were used as inputs of the algorithm. Parameters associated with the signature matching algorithm were calibrated in terms of maximizing correct matching rates. It is expected that the algorithm would be a useful method to estimate freeway link travel times.
A Development of Integrated Evaluation Criteria for Quality of service on Pedestrian Networks
Kim, Tae-Ho ; Park, Je-Jin ; Gang, Jeong-Gyu ;
Journal of Korean Society of Transportation, volume 27, issue 1, 2009, Pages 191~200
This study develops composite indicators that is capable of estimating QOS (Quality of Service) of pedestrians by enhancing estimation for Level of Service in present transporting spaces for pedestrians that merely concerns quantitative indicators such as pedestrian flow rate, pedestrian stoppage. This paper conducts survey questionnaire to collect data. It utilizes AHP(Analytic Hierarchy Process) and ANP(Analytic Network Process). The main results show that: first, ANP is better analytic methods than AHP due to the fact that pedestrians feel repetition when they judge level of service. Second, qualitative factors such as pedestrian behaviors, maintenance, scenary for pedestrians and environments should be considered. Importance of qualitative factors is higher in residential area than other areas. I expect that using qualitative indicators and quantitative indicators is appropriate in order to estimate pedestrians' QOS.