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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
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Journal of Korean Society of Transportation
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Korean Society of Transportation
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Volume & Issues
Volume 27, Issue 6 - Dec 2009
Volume 27, Issue 5 - Oct 2009
Volume 27, Issue 4 - Aug 2009
Volume 27, Issue 3 - Jun 2009
Volume 27, Issue 2 - Apr 2009
Volume 27, Issue 1 - Feb 2009
Selecting the target year
Analysis of User Preference for Designing Real-Time Warning Information
Song, Tae-Jin ; O, Cheol ; O, Ju-Taek ;
Journal of Korean Society of Transportation, volume 27, issue 4, 2009, Pages 7~16
Provision of advanced warning information is one of the useful countermeasures to prevent traffic accidents. Analysis of user's preference for any information contents would be a backbone in designing more effective warning information systems. This study aimed at deriving more comprehensive and valuable warning information that leads to user's safer driving by conducting a questionnaire survey. In total, 258 people including various age groups and driving experiences participated in the survey. Preferable warning information contents were identified by this study. It is expected that the results would be useful data for providing warning information to drivers.
A Study on the Promotion Plan and Effect Factors of Riding a Bicycle According to Characteristics of the Region
Kim, Su-Seong ; Song, Gi-Uk ; Jeong, Heon-Yeong ;
Journal of Korean Society of Transportation, volume 27, issue 4, 2009, Pages 17~30
Recently, Interest in the riding of bicycles increased, but existing researches on the effect of bicycle facilities and the supply analysis and evaluation bike analysis of the importance of the item is most fulfilling. Those do not reflect characteristics of the region and the current satisfaction on the riding of bicycles. Therefore, this research will classify Gu Dong of Busan into good region, possible region and difficult region on the riding of bicycles to reflect characteristics of bicycles with the non-power and characteristics of riders with the main purpose of the exercise. Maintenance of bicycles classified according to the region will be decided to the Line-to-Line maintenance as to connect the main point of regions and to the Point-to-Point as to link the main point within region. Then, step-by-step bicycles activation of Busan differentiated by region offers. Also, Survey on Gangseo-Gu, Sasang-Gu, Gijang-Gun with good bicycle conditions and Busan-Jin-Gu with the best maintenance effect will be about the bicycle. The structure model of consciousness-based on the use of bicycles will be made by using Survey results and considering the region characteristics. This structure model will show a correlation of the current satisfaction, the bicycle-related facilities maintenance policy needs, region characteristics and the next intends to riding the bicycle.
A Review about the Need for Modelling Toll Road with Different Value of Travel Time
Kim, Jae-Yeong ; Son, Ui-Yeong ; Jeong, Chang-Yong ;
Journal of Korean Society of Transportation, volume 27, issue 4, 2009, Pages 31~40
Some road charges toll to finance the cost or to manage traffic congestion. With a growth of PPI projects, toll roads would be increase continuously. Tolls have a considerable influence on user's route choice, and sometimes can affect to the departure time and even to mode choice. For modelling toll roads, user's WTP or VOT has an important role and it is general that VOT is equivalent to the wages of workers. The current way of modelling technique yields various toll price elasticity from low to high. When there exist few alternative routes, unrealistic result that all traffic assigned to some shortest path may occur. The toll price elasticity can be influenced by alternative route and congestion level, but some result shows nearly unrealistic patterns. The model to forecast more realistic toll road demand is very essential for estimating toll revenue, choice of optimal toll level & collecting location and establishing toll charge strategy. This paper reviewed some literatures about toll road modelling and tested case study about the assignment technique with different VOT. The case study shows that using different VOT yields more realistic result than the use of single VOT.
Factors Affecting Traffic Accident Occurrence Rate
Im, Seon-Ho ; Park, Eun-Mi ; Jang, Hyeon-Bong ;
Journal of Korean Society of Transportation, volume 27, issue 4, 2009, Pages 41~53
For 5 years and 6 months, ranging from January 2003 to June 2008, SPSS 12.0 Statistical Program was used to analyze the overall analysis, analysis of center line encroachment, analysis of signal violations, analysis of drinking while intoxicated, analysis of driving without license, analysis of two-wheel vehicle, analysis of pedestrian, analysis of safety equipment, analysis of traffic publicity or education and automobile registration accounts, and casualty of traffic accidents that are determined as having statistical implication based on the statistics available from the policy to take a look at traffic accident in the Daejeon area, and there were some meaningful results. With the proof that there is a certain level of ratio for the correlations between traffic control and traffic accident that the effect of traffic control has shown with certain time interval. The relationship of traffic control and the casualty of traffic accident has very low coefficient of correlations that it is not statistically noticeable that traffic control of the police has almost no effect in preventing traffic accident. This is a display of the fact that the conversion of direction for traffic safety measure undertaken to this point is rather urgent that there is a dire need of establishing the effective alternatives.
Developing a Vehicle Classification Algorithm Based on the Trend Line to Vehicle Lengths and Wheelbases
Kim, Hyeong-Su ; Kim, Min-Seong ; O, Ju-Sam ;
Journal of Korean Society of Transportation, volume 27, issue 4, 2009, Pages 55~61
In order to observe the impact of a type of vehicles for traffic flows and pavement, vehicle classifications is conducted. Korean Ministry of Land, Transport and Maritime Affairs provides 12-type vehicle classifications on National expressways, National highways, and Provincial roads. Current AVC (Automatic Vehicle Classification) devices decide vehicle types comparing measurements of vehicle lengths, wheelbases, overhangs etc. to a reference table including those of all types of models. This study developed an algorithm for macroscopic vehicle classification which is less sensitive to tuning sensors and updating the reference table. For those characteristics, trend lines in vehicle lengths and wheelbases are employed. To assess the algorithm developed, vehicle lengths and wheelbases were collected from an AVC device. In this experiment, this algorithm showed the accuracy of 88.2 % compared to true values obtained from video replaying. Our efforts in this study are expected to contribute to developing devices for macroscopic vehicle classification.
Measuring the Revenue Efficiency of Korean and Japanese Railways Using a Stochastic Frontier Approach (A Comparison with Their Cost Efficiency
Park, Jin-Gyeong ; Kim, Seong-Su ;
Journal of Korean Society of Transportation, volume 27, issue 4, 2009, Pages 63~76
On the basis of a Stochastic Frontier Approach (SFA), this paper analyses revenue efficiencies for the same sample of Korean and Japanese railways in the papers which analyze cost efficiencies using a generalized translog functional form. The paper also compares the results of revenue efficiencies with cost efficiencies and evaluates the effects of managerial autonomy and privatization on the firm-specific efficiencies. The results show that the average estimate of revenue inefficiency is 7.02% when the term of inefficiency is assumed to be distributed as a half-normal and 6.98% as a exponential for the total sample. Also, standardized inefficiencies in revenues (7.5%) are greater than those in costs (2.1%). JR East and JR West are found to be most efficient on the revenue side and on the cost side respectively while JNR and JR Kyushu are worst efficient on the both sides. Finally, the correlations between efficiencies in revenues and costs also between efficiencies and privatization are positively correlated. The results suggest that the most independent companies, with increased managerial autonomy via privatization, are the most efficient in both revenues and costs.
A Study on Effect in Demand by a Discounted Charge for Continuous Use on Toll Roads
Jeong, Heon-Yeong ; Lee, Jeong-Ho ; Kim, Jang-Gyu ;
Journal of Korean Society of Transportation, volume 27, issue 4, 2009, Pages 77~89
With an increasing number of cars in Korea, the government is constantly providing roads and their related facilities. However the fundamental problems of cities like the structure of cities and the environment of roads make the traffic congestion of downtowns. To solve this problem the construction of toll roads such as tunnels and bridges is increasing but use rates of drivers is low. With more tolls required, less persons will use the roads. Thus this study is to consider offering discounted charges when using the two or more toll roads together. This study analyzes the impact that discounted charges would bring to the demand. In the meantime we looks into what the proper range should be for the discount. The results of this study are expected to be used as basis for the introduction of a discount system in the future.
Levying Garage Option on Car Buyers (Jejusi Case Studies and the Way to Success)
Hwang, Gyeong-Su ;
Journal of Korean Society of Transportation, volume 27, issue 4, 2009, Pages 91~100
The purpose of this study is to introduce the Levying Garage Option on Car Buyers which has become operative firstly in Korea, and to suggest the way to activate the system, hearing the view of Jeju residents with positive and negative function of parking. Levying Garage Option on Car Buyer is the system to apply a law for establishing garages to all of vehicles. Especially this is proposed to correct the disorder of Local street night parking, to improve the fine view of street, and to recover the original function of street to residents. To make this system successful there should be separate solutions at the densely built up area as a result of survey. This study conduct the Logistic Regression Analysis for and against the system. If the more residents approve the system, we should concern about the several solutions such as easing the distance between the garage and street, regulating, and special plan for an apartment house, etc. The suggestions are as follows. First, the policy needs to ease the distance between the garage and street gradually. Second, the Jeju government need to offer the residents the incentive such as reduce or exempt the tax and make them establish the private parking lot with supplying the low interest loan. Third, there should be connected with the project to break up the fences of their houses.
A Optimal Facility Location Using Set Covering and Minisum (Application to Optimal Location of 119 Eru)
O, Se-Chang ; Kim, Jeong-Min ;
Journal of Korean Society of Transportation, volume 27, issue 4, 2009, Pages 103~113
Quick accident spot reaching of 119ERU is the most important role in decrease of accident depth. If 4 minutes of wounded person pass after cardiac arrest, brain damage is begun. and If 10 minutes of wounded person pass after cardiac arrest, possibility to die rises. Accordingly, when establish 119ERU, need to consider travel time to traffic accidents spot. This treatise groped a facility location problem using SCLM and minisum location problem mutually. And existent minisum location problem has a problem that maximum travel time exceed
. ERU to need in present situation and also can reduce average travel time. so this treatise propose modified minisum location problem. In case applying modified minisum location theory, 119ERU can arrive all demand and that is optimized about demand and travel time. Can minimise figure of 119 first aids to need in present situation applying this way, and also can reduce average passing time. Finally, this way can minimise figure of 119ERU to need in present situation and also can reduce average travel time.
Analysis of Lane-Changing Distribution within Merging and Weaving Sections of Freeways
Kim, Yeong-Chun ; Kim, Sang-Gu ;
Journal of Korean Society of Transportation, volume 27, issue 4, 2009, Pages 115~126
The lane-change behavior usually consists of discretionary lane-change and mandatory lane-change types. For the first type, drivers change lanes selectively to maintain their own driving condition and the second type is the case that the drivers must change the current lane, which can occur in recurrent congestion sections like merging and weaving sections. The mandatory lane-change behavior have a great effect on the operation condition of freeway. In this paper, we first generate data such as traffic volumes, speeds, densities, and the number of lane-change within the merging and weaving sections using the data of individual vehicle collected from time-lapse aerial photography. And then, the data is divided into the stable and congested flow by analyzing the speed variation pattern of individual vehicles. In addition, the number of lane-changing from ramp to mainline within every 30-meter interval is investigated before and after traffic congestion at study sites and the distribution of lane-changing at each 30-meter point is analyzed to identify the variation of lane-changing ratio depending on the stable and congested flows. To recognize the effect of mainline flow influenced by ramp flow, this study also analyzes the characteristics of the lane-changing distributions within the lanes of mainline. The purpose of this paper is to present the basic theory to be used in developing a lane-changing model at the merging and weaving sections on freeways.
Estimating Utility Function of In-Vehicle Traffic Safety Information Incorporating Driver's Short-Term Memory
Kim, Won-Cheol ; Fujiwara, Akimasa ; Lee, Su-Beom ;
Journal of Korean Society of Transportation, volume 27, issue 4, 2009, Pages 127~135
Most traffic information that drivers receive while driving are stored in their short-term memory and disappear within a few seconds. Contemporary modeling approaches using a dummy variable can't fully explain this phenomenon. As such, this study proposes to use utility functions of real-time in-vehicle traffic safety information (IVTSI), analyzing its safety impacts based on empirical data from an on-site driving experiment at signalized intersection approach with a limited visibility. For this, a driving stability evaluation model is developed based on driver's driving speed choice, applying an ordered probit model. To estimate the specified utility functions, the model simultaneously accounts for various factors, such as traffic operation, geometry, road environment, and driver's characteristics. The results show three significant facts. First, a normal density function (exponential function) is appropriate to explain the utility of IVTSI proposed under study over time. Second, the IVTSI remains in driver's short-term memory for up to nearly 22 second after provision, decreasing over time. Three, IVTSI provision appears more important than the geometry factor but less than the traffic operation factor.
Influence on Driver Behavior According to Providing Collision Avoidance Information on Highway
Jeon, Yong-Uk ; Dae, Mun-Su ;
Journal of Korean Society of Transportation, volume 27, issue 4, 2009, Pages 137~143
It is necessary to develop driving assistant information in order to prevent a rear-end collision with a crashed car which is at the blind curve on highway. Laboratory experiments were performed using a driving simulator to keep the traffic environment constant. This research was evaluated the effect of driver behavior according to providing collision avoidance information which was consisted of advisory, caution, and warning information by the dangerous degree of traffic situation. Driver behavior was evaluated to analyze the collision avoidance with a crashed car, and glance behavior was examined to measure the eye movements to the display on which provided the collision avoidance information. After experiment, the significance was evaluated on provided collision avoidance information. As the result of this research, the number of collision accident is reduced when the phased information was provided. In addition, it is clear that auditory information is more important than visual information in the case of providing the second information.
Increasing the Reliability of Truck O-D Matrices Estimation in the Seoul Metropolitan Area
Kim, Chae-Man ; Kim, Rak-Gi ; Jeong, Yong-Gi ;
Journal of Korean Society of Transportation, volume 27, issue 4, 2009, Pages 145~154
The main goal of this paper is to develop a methodology for increasing the reliability of truck OD matrices in Seoul Metropolitan Area. We propose a Hybrid Method made up of five processes by using Non-Traffic Assignment and Gradient Method. A Hybrid Method and Gradient Method have applied for comparison and estimation in Seoul Metropolitan Area. Mean Error and Root Mean Square Error of a Hybrid Method present lower than Gradient Method. The findings of this paper show that the new truck OD matrices created by a Hybrid Method are more reliable than the existing truck OD matrices in the Seoul Metropolitan Area.
Analysis of Applicability of IHSDM into Korea and User Requirements for Development of Road Design Safety Assessment System
Kim, Eung-Cheol ; Lee, Dong-Min ; Choe, Eun-Jin ; Kim, Do-Hun ;
Journal of Korean Society of Transportation, volume 27, issue 4, 2009, Pages 155~166
Road design safety assessment by existing tools and methods have normally been examined by expert judgements using design documents and on-site inspections. The existing methods, however, have two main problems such as insufficiency of objectiveness and inability to measure effects of accident countermeasures. This paper studies ways to develop a road safety assessment system through reviewing the IHSDM developed in USA. The crash prediction module of IHSDM calculate accident frequency and rate of roadway segments using accident prediction models and accident modification factors for safety evaluation. The methodology of evaluation and development of accident modification factors somewhat overcome the problems of the existing methods. In spite of these advantages, IHSDM could not relevantly reflect characteristics of domestic rural roadways since it overestimate the number of accidents and rate of korean rural roadways. Especially, IHSDM may not evaluate or consider land use patterns of Korean roadways, and futhermore, original environment on base conditions used to develop IHSDM may not be different from ours. The user requirements being developed for a road safety assessment system for Korean roadways include enhanced flexibility and diversity of data input-output processes
A Study on the Application of Accident Severity Prediction Model
Won, Min-Su ; Lee, Gyeo-Ra ; O, Cheol ; Gang, Gyeong-U ;
Journal of Korean Society of Transportation, volume 27, issue 4, 2009, Pages 167~173
It is important to study on the traffic accident severity reduction because traffic accident is an issue that is directly related to human life. Therefore, this research developed countermeasure to reduce traffic accident severity considering various factors that affect the accident severity. This research developed the Accident Severity Prediction Model using the collected accident data from Seohaean Expressway in 2004~2006. Through this model, we can find the influence factors and methodology to reduce accident severity. The results show that speed limit violation, vehicle defects, vehicle to vehicle accident, vehicle to person accident, traffic volume, curve radius CV(Coefficient of variation) and vertical slope CV were selected to compose the accident severity model. These are certain causes of the severe accident. The accidents by these certain causes present specific sections of Seohaean Expressway. The results indicate that we can prevent severe accidents by providing selected traffic information and facilities to drivers at specific sections of the Expressway.
A Comprehensive Method to Impute Vehicle Trajectory Data Collected in Wireless Traffic Surveillance Environments
Yeon, Ji-Yun ; Kim, Hyeon-Mi ; O, Cheol ; Kim, Won-Gyu ;
Journal of Korean Society of Transportation, volume 27, issue 4, 2009, Pages 175~181
Intelligent Transportation Systems(ITS) enables road users to enhance efficiency of their trips in a variety of traffic conditions. As a significant part of ITS, information communication technology among vehicles and between vehicles and infrastructure has been being developed to upgrade current traffic data collection technology through location-based traffic surveillance systems. A wider and detailed range of traffic data can be acquired with ease by the technology. However, its performance level falls with environmental impediments such as large vehicles, buildings, harsh weather, which often bring about wireless communication failure. For imputation of vehicle trajectory data discontinued by the failure, several potential existing methods were reviewed and a new method to complement them was devised. AIMSUN API(Application Programming Interface) software was utilized to simulate vehicle trajectories data and missing vehicle trajectories data was randomly generated for the verification of the method. The method was proven to yield more accurate and reliable traffic data than the existing ones.
An Improvement of Bottom Up Approach for Estimating the Mobile Emission Level
Choe, Gi-Ju ; Lee, Gyu-Jin ; An, Seong-Chae ;
Journal of Korean Society of Transportation, volume 27, issue 4, 2009, Pages 183~193
Air pollution due to vehicle exhaust gas is considered to be a main contributor to the issues of transportation & environment. Furthermore it is raising concern over life quality and public health and is also perceived as a global issue. This research aims at providing helping hands for both central and local governments to set up and promote efficient atmospheric quality improvement policies, with the help of the travel demand forecasting model and GIS. More specifically, it tries to produce the overall emission level with time and space-based high resolution framework. This research, based on bottom-up approach reflecting vehicular traffic characteristics, suggested an improved approach to estimating emission level, by using a traffic model with a total of vehicular mileage revised by surveyed value and atmosphere model. Summing up, using the method proposed, the improvement of the reliability of the emissions inventory from the mobile pollutions sources is expected by the proposed integrated paradigm of transportation and atmosphere modeling approach as a new alternative.
Development of Continuous Indirect Connectivity Model for Evaluation of Hub Operations at Airport
Lee, Sang-Yong ; Yu, Gwang-Ui ; Park, Yong-Hwa ;
Journal of Korean Society of Transportation, volume 27, issue 4, 2009, Pages 195~206
The deregulation of aviation markets in Europe and the United Sates had led airlines to reconfigure their networks into hub-and-spoke systems. Recent trends of "Open Skies" in the Asian aviation market are also expected to prompt the reformation of airlines' networks in the region. A significant connectivity index is a crucial tool for airlines and airport authorities to estimate the degree of hub-and-spoke operations. Therefore, this paper suggests a new index, Continuous Indirect Connectivity Index (CICI), for measuring the coordination of airlines' flight schedules, applying it to the Asian, European and the American aviation markets. CICI consists of three components：(i) temporal connectivity to identify the attractiveness between connection flights, (ii) spatial connectivity to differentiate the attractiveness by de-routing distance with continuous linear function, and (iii) relative intensity to reflect the effect of direct flight frequency on transfer routes. CICI is evaluated to examine a casual relationship through regression analyses with two dependent variables of the number of transfer passengers and transfer rates. Compared with Danesi's index and Doganis' index through evaluation processes, CICI has a higher coefficient value of determination, implying that it explains the relationship between connectivity and transfer passengers more precisely.
Development of a Accident Frequency Prediction Model at Rural Multi-Lane Highways
Lee, Dong-Min ; Kim, Do-Hun ; Seong, Nak-Mun ;
Journal of Korean Society of Transportation, volume 27, issue 4, 2009, Pages 207~215
Generally, traffic accidents can be influenced by variables driving conditions including geometric, roadside design, and traffic conditions. Under the circumstance, homogeneous roadway segments were firstly identified using typical geometric variables obtained from field data collections in this study. These field data collections were conducted at highways located in several areas having various regional conditions for examples, outside metropolitan city; level and rolling rural areas. Due to many zero cells in crash database, a Zero Inflated Poisson model was used to develop crash prediction model to overestimated results in this study. It was found that EXPO, radius, grade, guardrail, mountainous terrain, crosswalk and bus-stop have statistically significant influence on vehicle to vehicle crashes at rural multi-lane roadway segments.