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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
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Journal of Korean Society of Transportation
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Journal DOI :
Korean Society of Transportation
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Volume & Issues
Volume 27, Issue 6 - Dec 2009
Volume 27, Issue 5 - Oct 2009
Volume 27, Issue 4 - Aug 2009
Volume 27, Issue 3 - Jun 2009
Volume 27, Issue 2 - Apr 2009
Volume 27, Issue 1 - Feb 2009
Selecting the target year
A Study on Proper Size of Expressway Service Area
Choe, Yun-Hyeok ; Baek, Seung-Geol ;
Journal of Korean Society of Transportation, volume 27, issue 6, 2009, Pages 7~18
In 2008, there are 135 service areas, which provide for drivers to convenience on expressways. But there are some problems on parking capacity, because it is failed to calculate the appropriate parking lots of the service area. The fundamental problem is that the size of parking lots is calculated by simple value; despite there are various factors of utilization, congestion, and turnover. This paper describes a study on proper coefficient for calculating the appropriate service area, considering the characteristics of drivers' behavior. We conducted statistical analysis with the surveyed data in "Status of the expressway facilities in 2004." Analysis results show there are some difference by day and night, and vehicle type with the factor of utilization, congestion, and turnover, and there are different usages according to expressway route. The results indicate that the usage of a service area have different characteristics by time and space, and vehicle type.
A Study on Forecasting Trip Distribution of Land Development Project Using Middle Zone Size And Gravity Model
Jeong, Chang-Yong ; Son, Ui-Yeong ; Kim, Do-Gyeong ;
Journal of Korean Society of Transportation, volume 27, issue 6, 2009, Pages 19~28
In case of land development projects constructed, to solve induced transportation volume needs analysis of traffic demand. Trip-generation of land development projects is exactly predicted by using traffic instigating-basic-unit in each facility of land developments. But in case of a phase of trip-distribution, because a range of destinations is very enormous and it needs enormous data to reflect all of its characters, whenever trip-distribution is predicted, the method which assumes the rate of trip-distribution is same both before completion of land development projects and after is often used. But because there is no exact criterion, the method suggested above is also affected by subjective opinion. Accordingly, this study look over using trip-distribution of specific areas's DB and suggests a size of zone to predict a distribution of land development projects exactly. Also production - constrained gravity model which uses the gap between a distribution of suggested ranges and induced land development project is suggested for more exact prediction of trip-distribution. Besides accuracy of prediction is scrutinized by using Mean Squared Error.
Methodology for Determining RSE Spacing for Vehicle-Infrastructure Integration(VII) Based Traffic Information System (Focused on Uninterrupted Traffic Flow)
Park, Jun-Hyeong ; O, Cheol ; Im, Hui-Seop ; Gang, Gyeong-Pyo ;
Journal of Korean Society of Transportation, volume 27, issue 6, 2009, Pages 29~44
A variety of research efforts, using advanced wireless communication technologies, have been made to develop more reliable traffic information system. This study presents a novel decentralized traffic information system based on vehicle infrastructure integration (VII). A major objective of this study was also to devise a methodology for determining appropriate spacing of roadside equipment (RSE) to fully exploit the benefits of the proposed VII-based traffic information system. Evaluation of travel time estimation accuracy was conducted with various RSE spacings and the market penetration rates of equipped vehicle. A microscopic traffic simulator, VISSIM, was used to obtain individual vehicle travel information for the evaluation. In addition, the ANOVA tests were conducted to draw statistically significant results of simulation analyses in determining the RSE spacing. It is expected that the proposed methodology will be a valuable precursor to implementing capability-enhanced next generation traffic information systems under the forthcoming ubiquitous transportation environment.
A DEA(Data Envelopment Analysis) Approach for Evaluating the Efficiency of Exclusive Bus Routes
Han, Jin-Seok ; Kim, Hye-Ran ; Go, Seung-Yeong ;
Journal of Korean Society of Transportation, volume 27, issue 6, 2009, Pages 45~53
This study presumes the efficiency of each route by utilizing data of Seoul's exclusive bus routes for the 2008 and the DEA model. In the estimation, it is assumed that the number of passengers and profits of each route is calculated by considering the number of buses and stops, travel distance, intervals and management cost. This study computed the efficiency scores of each bus line in Seoul based on the data for the first half of 2008 and one of the DEA models, namely the BCC model. After analysis using the input-oriented BCC model, out of a total of 18 lines of interest, there were 2 CRS lines and 16 IRS lines. Also, the Tobit Regression Analysis that helps identify the impact of the elements used in the analysis on efficiency scores proved that the most influential element to exclusive buses is the length of intervals.
A Study on Analysis of Issues in Developing a Basic Road Transport Database and Proposals for Enhancing Its Reliability and Data Sharing (with Focus on Databases Related to Road Transport Demand Estimation)
Lee, Sang-Hyeop ; O, Chang-Seok ;
Journal of Korean Society of Transportation, volume 27, issue 6, 2009, Pages 55~67
In Korea, previously implemented road construction project caused a big budget waste due to overestimation of transport demand. There could be reasons for such inaccuracy of transport demand estimation, but the main reasons are: (1) low reliability of used basic road transport data and (2) inadequate sharing of data among agencies/departments. The National Transport Database and the Household Travel Database in Seoul Metropolitan Area, two representing basic road transport database, will be used to the establishment of a road construction plan that will be promoted afterwards. However, these materials have problems such as low reliability and inadequateness, too. Hence, focusing on transport demand estimation related databases, this paper will make proposals for enhancing their reliability and data sharing.
Estimation of Acceleration Rates of Bus and Passenger car at Signalized Intersections
Sim, Jae-Gwi ; Lee, Sang-Su ;
Journal of Korean Society of Transportation, volume 27, issue 6, 2009, Pages 69~77
The maximum and mean acceleration rates of vehicles estimated from the stopping conditions at signalized intersections provided an important clue to analyze traffic accident investigation when there was a dispute about legal liability such as first entering vehicle at the intersection, etc. This paper provided the maximum and mean acceleration rates of vehicles reflecting current traffic conditions in Korea through field studies. The mean acceleration rates of vehicles at stopline were measured up to 50m at the intervals of 5m. Results showed that the mean acceleration rate for bus was found to be
(0.1g~0.13g), and for passenger car was
(0.16g~0.19g). Statistical test results indicated that the observed differences from vehicle types and vehicle positions were statistically significant for the all ranges tested. It is expected that the accuracy of accident investigation practice will be improved by applying the acceleration rate values presented in this paper.
New Vehicle Classification Algorithm with Wandering Sensor
Gwon, Sun-Min ; Seo, Yeong-Chan ;
Journal of Korean Society of Transportation, volume 27, issue 6, 2009, Pages 79~88
The objective of this study is to develop the new vehicle classification algorithm and minimize classification errors. The existing vehicle classification algorithm collects data from loop and piezo sensors according to the specification("Vehicle classification guide for traffic volume survey" 2006) given by the Ministry of Land, Transport and Maritime Affairs. The new vehicle classification system collects the vehicle length, distance between axles, axle type, wheel-base and tire type to minimize classification error. The main difference of new system is the "Wandering" sensor which is capable of measuring the wheel-base and tire type(single or dual). The wandering sensor obtains the wheel-base and tire type by detecting both left and right tire imprint. Verification tests were completed with the total traffic volume of 762,420 vehicles in a month for the new vehicle classification algorithm. Among them, 47 vehicles(0.006%) were not classified within 12 vehicle types. This results proves very high level of classification accuracy for the new system. Using the new vehicle classification algorithm will improve the accuracy and it can be broadly applicable to the road planning, design, and management. It can also upgrade the level of traffic research for the road and transportation infrastructure.
A Study Over the Relationship Between Apartment Prices and Distances from Expressway interchanges (In the case of the Seoul Beltway)
O, Heung-Un ; Kim, Tae-Ho ;
Journal of Korean Society of Transportation, volume 27, issue 6, 2009, Pages 89~96
The present study is performed to identify the relationship between apartment prices and distances from freeway interchanges. To collect consistent data and to simplify the sphere of the influence, the Seoul beltway was selected as the target road. Two sides of the Seoul beltway such as the inner side and the outer side are partitioned following the whole beltway line. The maximum distance to be taken care of in data collection was 6.0km from freeway interchanges. Results show that there exist consistent patterns between apartment prices and distances from freeway interchanges. In detail, if the apartment is located on the sphere of the influence, it is shown that a) the prices are increased overall b) the prices are low at very near of interchanges c) the prices are increasing up to the points of about 2.0~4.0km from interchanges d) the prices are decreasing after the points. Additionally, it is shown the pattern observed was following approximately a quadratic curve which is different from the liner curve obtained from the similar study over the sphere of the influence in railway(Subway).
The Study on the Analyzing Factors to Resolve Problems of Jejusi Residential Parking Permit Program
Hwang, Gyeong-Su ; Im, Su-Gil ;
Journal of Korean Society of Transportation, volume 27, issue 6, 2009, Pages 97~106
The purpose of this study is to analyze factors for resolving problems of Jejusi Residential Parking Permit Program and to draw up a plan by examining Jejusi case. This program was started by way of showing an example in October, 2005, and then has been put in practice in the heart of Jejusi since October, 2007. Jejusi government introduced this system to prevent all kinds of accidents by the indiscreet parking near the residental street and to guarantee the rights to live comfortably by encouraging a pleasant parking environment. As the result of the survey which is about residents' participation from the process of decision-making, the answers such as "Should Participate" and "Surely should participate" are at the high rate of 87.5 percent. A matter of the utmost importance is that this system should be reformed to make the visitors pay parking if they want to park near there. Almost 36 percent of the respondents have a negative opinion, and this is because they consider their visitors. Especially the important factors from the Logistic Regression Analysis are that the government should exercise stricter control over illegal parking, that the system should be improved for the visitors to pay parking, and that the government should support the declining sales of the shops near shopping streets. The suggestions are as follows. First, the government should enforce on reducing the illegal parking. Second, they should secure the parking lots for visitors. Third, they should minimize the impact on the declining sales of the shops near shopping streets.
Development of Lane Changing Model with regard to Safety Distance of Vehicles
Choe, Ji-Eun ; Ryu, Byeong-Yong ; Bae, Sang-Hun ; Gang, Seung-Pil ;
Journal of Korean Society of Transportation, volume 27, issue 6, 2009, Pages 109~118
The conventional lane changing model has been developed without acceleration or deceleration of vehicles at target lane. Thus, existing lane changing models have limitation to apply in real world. In this paper, lane changing model considered acceleration or deceleration, and calculated the safety distance between subject vehicle and adjacent vehicles for lane changing as well. Simulation was conducted to verify the validity and the efficiency of the developed lane changing model in this paper. Several scenarios were carefully examined by safety distance between subject vehicle and adjacent vehicles. In the result, it was verified that if gap between subject vehicle and adjacent vehicles is larger than safety distance, lane changing behavior between subject vehicle and adjacent vehicles avoids collision. The suggested lane changing model may be applied at the future driver assistance system and advanced safety vehicle.
Identifying Key Factors to Affect Bus Headway Deviation using Hierarchical Linear Model (Seoul Case Study)
Lee, Ho-Sang ; Kim, Do-Gyeong ; Kim, Yeong-Chan ; Hwang, Gyeong-Su ;
Journal of Korean Society of Transportation, volume 27, issue 6, 2009, Pages 119~127
It has been known that bus route and company related characteristics have influences on punctuality, but fewer research have been conducted. Independent variables used in this study were selected using correlation analysis, and OLS(Ordinary Least Square) and HLM(Hierarchical Linear Model) were employed to identify factors affecting bus punctuality(headway deviation). The results showed that ICC(intraclass Correlation Coefficient) is 0.10, indicating that hierarchical linear models are more adequate for these data because there is effective variation in the subjects between companies. Punctuality was found to be negatively associated with the number of vehicles, the number of persons per vehicle, and total travel time. On the other hand, average headway and company size have a positive relationship with punctuality. Therefore, the number of vehicles per route, average headway, and the number of vehicles managed by a company should be considered for more accurately evaluating the management of piunctuality.
A Dynamic Traffic Analysis Model for the Korean Expressway System using FTMS
Yu, Jeong-Hun ; Lee, Mu-Yeong ; Lee, Seung-Jun ; Seong, Ji-Hong ;
Journal of Korean Society of Transportation, volume 27, issue 6, 2009, Pages 129~137
Operation of intelligent transport systems technologies in transportation networks and more detailed analysis give rise to necessity of dynamic traffic analysis model. Existing static models describe network state in average. on the contrary, dynamic traffic analysis model can describe the time-dependent network state. In this study, a dynamic traffic model for the expressway system using FTMS data is developed. Time-dependent origin-destination trip tables for nationwide expressway network are constructed using TCS data. Computation complexity is critical issue in modeling nationwide network for dynamic simulation. A subarea analysis model is developed which converts the nationwide O-D trip tables into subarea O-D trip tables. The applicability of the proposed model is tested under various scenario. This study can be viewed as a starting point of developing deployable dynamic traffic analysis model. The proposed model needs to be expanded to include arterial as well without critical computation burden.
Effects of Road and Traffic Characteristics on Roadside Air Pollution
Jo, Hye-Jin ; Choe, Dong-Yong ;
Journal of Korean Society of Transportation, volume 27, issue 6, 2009, Pages 139~146
While air pollutants emission caused by the traffic is one of the major sources, few researches have done. This study investigated the extent to which traffic and road related characteristics such as traffic volumes, speeds and road weather data including wind speed, temperature and humidity, as well as the road geometry affect the air pollutant emission. We collected the real time air pollutant emission data from Seoul automatic stations and real time traffic volume counts as well as the road geometry. The regression air pollutant emission models were estimated. The results show followings. First, the more traffic volume increase, the more pollutant emission increase. The more vehicle speed increase, the more measurement quantity of pollutant decrease. Secondly, as the wind speed, temperature, and humidity increase, the amount of air pollutant is likely to decrease. Thirdly, the figure of intersections affects air pollutant emission. To verify the estimated models, we compared the estimates of the air pollutant emission with the real emission data. The result show the estimated results of Chunggae 4 station has the most reliable data compared with the others. This study is differentiated in the way the model used the real time air pollutant emission data and real time traffic data as well as the road geometry to explain the effects of the traffic and road characteristics on air quality.
Transit Frequency Optimization with Variable Demand Considering Transfer Delay
Yu, Gyeong-Sang ; Kim, Dong-Gyu ; Jeon, Gyeong-Su ;
Journal of Korean Society of Transportation, volume 27, issue 6, 2009, Pages 147~156
We present a methodology for modeling and solving the transit frequency design problem with variable demand. The problem is described as a bi-level model based on a non-cooperative Stackelberg game. The upper-level operator problem is formulated as a non-linear optimization model to minimize net cost, which includes operating cost, travel cost and revenue, with fleet size and frequency constraints. The lower-level user problem is formulated as a capacity-constrained stochastic user equilibrium assignment model with variable demand, considering transfer delay between transit lines. An efficient algorithm is also presented for solving the proposed model. The upper-level model is solved by a gradient projection method, and the lower-level model is solved by an existing iterative balancing method. An application of the proposed model and algorithm is presented using a small test network. The results of this application show that the proposed algorithm converges well to an optimal point. The methodology of this study is expected to contribute to form a theoretical basis for diagnosing the problems of current transit systems and for improving its operational efficiency to increase the demand as well as the level of service.
A Continuous Network Design Model for Target-Oriented Transport Mode Choice Problem
Im, Yong-Taek ;
Journal of Korean Society of Transportation, volume 27, issue 6, 2009, Pages 157~166
A network design problem (NDP) is to find a design parameter to optimize the performance of transportation system. This paper presents a modified NDP, called target-oriented NDP, which contains a target that we try to arrive in real world, and also proposes a solution algorithm. Unlike general NDP which seeks an optimal value to minimize or to maximize objective function of the system, in target-oriented NDP traffic manager or operator can set a target level prior and then try to find an optimal design variable to attain this goal. A simple example for mode choice problem is given to test the model.
Methods for a target-oriented travel demand management
Im, Yong-Taek ;
Journal of Korean Society of Transportation, volume 27, issue 6, 2009, Pages 167~176
Several travel demand management schemes have been used for controlling overloaded traffics on urban area. To maximize efficiency of the travel management, traffic manager has to set target level that we try to arrive in advance, and then to find optimal variable to attain this goal. In this regard, this paper presents two travel demand management models, expressed by mathematical program, and also presents their solution algorithms. The first is to find optimal travel demand for origin-destination (OD) pair, based on average travel time between the OD pair, and the second is based on the ratio of volume over capacity on congested area. An example is given to test the models.