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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
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Journal of Korean Society of Transportation
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Journal DOI :
Korean Society of Transportation
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Volume & Issues
Volume 28, Issue 6 - Dec 2010
Volume 28, Issue 5 - Oct 2010
Volume 28, Issue 4 - Aug 2010
Volume 28, Issue 3 - Jun 2010
Volume 28, Issue 2 - Apr 2010
Volume 28, Issue 1 - Feb 2010
Selecting the target year
The Analysis of Hubbing Competitiveness for Major Airports in Asia
Han, Ji-Yeong ; Hong, Seok-Jin ; Park, Gi-Hwa ;
Journal of Korean Society of Transportation, volume 28, issue 1, 2010, Pages 7~14
As globalization is making rapid progress, place of international trade based on seaports is changing to airports, which make logistic function in airport getting more important. Airports are required to serve as social overhead capital representing economies of scale as well as a logistic hub for integrating production, sales and transport for multinational corporations. In order to keep regional airport hub, many strategies are required such as development of hinterland and competitive advantage strategies. This paper tried to find determining factors to be a hub airport and competitiveness for hubbing, using the data from Incheon, Narita, Kansai, Nagoya, Singapore-Changi and Taipei airports. As the result of making an analysis of competitiveness of airports and competitive ranking excluding hinterland factors.
Development of Gate Choice Model of Subway Station
Park, Ji-Hun ; Lee, Seung-Jae ; Kim, Ju-Yeong ;
Journal of Korean Society of Transportation, volume 28, issue 1, 2010, Pages 15~24
Until now, the location and the size of gate are designed by only experience and intuitive use judgement. However there are no studies that investigated how many people will be using each subway gate depending on the location of gates. Therefore, the purpose of this study is to develop a gate choice model of subway station. The most critical element of a gate choice in subway station is the location of pedestrian's destinations. In this study, the development of the regression model is constructed from data of land use characteristic of station vicinity and the number of bus route and the space structure of station vicinity(Depth concept by Space Syntax analysis and total road length of station vicinity) by using the real data of 30 subway station in Seoul. This study found that subway pedestrian flow are mainly determined by three factors; the total floor space of commercial buildings, Total Depth(space structure index of station vicinity), and the number of bus route. The verification of a proposed model is done by using the real gate pedestrian data of two subway station in Seoul; Gang-nam and Yang-jae. The additional study of how to define the gate impact area is analysed. Therefore, this study will provide the theoretical bases in decision of gate location and size when a new subway station is opened in future.
An Analysis of Idling Stop Time Using Real On-road Driving Data
Hong, Seong-Tae ; Lee, Beom-Ho ; Lee, Dae-Yeop ; Sim, Mu-Gyeong ; Im, Jae-Myeong ;
Journal of Korean Society of Transportation, volume 28, issue 1, 2010, Pages 25~38
In this study, the real on-road driving data were analyzed to draw the various characteristics related to idling of vehicles. The results revealed that the average idling time of a city bus corresponds to 30.9% of the total daily driving time. Among this, for about 21.6% of the total daily driving time, it is available that an engine can be halted while the vehicle stops. It is a daytime when the portion of time, for which idling stop is available, is peak. Due to idling stop, an increase of turnaround was not found throughout this analysis. When a city bus stops at a traffic right, idling periods were long enough to execute the idling stop, during which an engine halts. Whereas, during the idling time for bus stops, the idling periods were not so long enough to execute idling stop. Deceleration periods among the total turnarounds of a city bus occupies about 24.7%, during which, for about 30%, a deceleration maintains for more than four seconds. Thus, using the energy during deceleration period, which then can be recovered from braking energy, it was also found that a hybrid system can be effectively implemented to a city bus.
Relationships Between Using Rate of Information Media on Diversion by Traffic Condition
Choe, Yun-Hyeok ; Choe, Gi-Ju ; Go, Han-Geom ;
Journal of Korean Society of Transportation, volume 28, issue 1, 2010, Pages 39~49
Although many studies have been carried out on the pattern of behavior of drivers which result from the provision of traffic information, there have been few detailed studies on the composition of message, method for message expression, timing of provision, point of provision, media for provision, changes by traffic condition, etc. This study was intended to provide an insight into the changes in the characteristics related to the provision of information by analyzing how the patterns of information utilization change depending on the traffic condition and reclassifying such patterns according to the characteristics of media. Unlike the existing studies, this study adopted the traffic condition, using rate of information media, and the correlation coefficient label as the basis for information media classification, and categorized them into passive utilization media, active utilization media, and past experience in order to ensure the statistical reasonability. The categorized using rate of information media and traffic condition was found to have a positive(+) correlation with the travel speed in the case of passive utilization media during both consecutive holidays(Korea's traditional Thanksgiving day) and weekends, but had a negative(-) correlation with the positive utilization media and past experience. The rate of decision to take a detour based on the past experience was high at the condition of congestion or slow during both consecutive holidays and weekends, but the rate of decision to take a detour through passive utilization media was high in a smooth traffic. In other words, if the traffic condition worsens, using rate of passive utilization media would be low while the diversion rate would be high which uses the active utilization media and past experience. Therefore, it should be established to suit the traffic condition and media characteristics for strategies of traffic distribution through drivers' diversion behavior on weekends and consecutive holidays.
A Study on Change of Travel Patterns According to Public Transportation Reform (A Case Study of Gyeongsan City)
Yun, Dae-Sik ; Park, Hyeon-Cheol ;
Journal of Korean Society of Transportation, volume 28, issue 1, 2010, Pages 51~61
The main objective of this paper is to analyze change of travel patterns according to public transportation reform. The paper uses data collected from Gyeongsan City. So far few researches, especially using before-and-after individual travel survey, have been conducted on analyzing effects of public transportation reform. For this research, some descriptive statistical analyses and statistical hypotheses tests were conducted. Furthermore, some empirical logit models were estimated for analyzing the individual effects of the public transportation reform. Finally, some important foundings, policy implications, and limitations of this research are discussed.
Improving the Estimation Method of Traffic Congestion Costs
Jo, Jin-Hwan ; Hwang, Gi-Yeon ;
Journal of Korean Society of Transportation, volume 28, issue 1, 2010, Pages 63~74
Recently, there has been increasing demand from academic society in Korea for the improvement of current traffic congestion cost estimation methods. The purpose of this study is to suggest a better way to estimate congestion cost followed by in-depth review regarding traffic congestion. The key improvements proposed in this study include: 1) adding social externality to congestion cost, 2) integrating the green house and environmental pollution impacts with congestion costs, 3) taking non-recurrent traffic congestion costs into account for the assessment, 4) revising the criteria to determining the level of traffic congestion speed, and 5) deciding how to limit congestion measurement period. It is found meaningful that the improvements, notwithstanding difficulties in their real case application, provide invaluable insights in our efforts to change the meaning of congestion cost in an era of sustainable growth.
Physical Distribution Channel Choice according to Commodity Types
Park, Min-Yeong ; Kim, Chan-Seong ; Kim, Eun-Mi ; Park, Dong-Ju ; Pattanamekar, Parichart ;
Journal of Korean Society of Transportation, volume 28, issue 1, 2010, Pages 77~86
The study developed physical distribution channel choice models reflecting decision making of the firms and studied how choice decision factors influence selection of distribution channel. The distribution channel survey data in Korea was used to do empirical study. As a choice set, distribution channels were classified into two main choice channels: direct and indirect channels. In addition, indirect channels were classified into other three channels according to the type of intermediate point: distribution center, wholesale store, and agency. This study developed choice models by applying both binary and multinomial logit model with various set of factors. The results showed that the developed logit models seemingly reflect distribution channel choice behaviors. The hypothesis tests on how each factor influences choice of distribution channel were performed and discussed as well.
Development of an Impact Speed Estimation Model using Bicycle Throw Distances
Jo, Yong-Jik ; Lee, Sang-Su ;
Journal of Korean Society of Transportation, volume 28, issue 1, 2010, Pages 87~96
The impact speed estimation practice used in the car-bicycle accident analysis practice in Korea was mainly dependent on foreign study results which were tested with limited speed ranges and vehicle types, but the characteristics of roadway, human body, and vehicle performance were quite different. This study developed an impact speed estimation model using the car-bicycle accident field data. For this, a regression analysis was performed using the impact speed and bicycle throw distance collected from 23 real accident data, and statistical test was also conducted. For the verification of the induced model, the impact speeds derived from the model were compared with the true impact speeds estimated from skid marks of two accident cases. The result showed that the two speeds were very close to each other. It is believed that the model could be included in the car-bicycle accident analysis practice.
Effect of All-Red Clearance Interval on Intersection Right-Angle Crashes
Kim, Yong-Seok ; Gang, Dong-Su ; Park, Jun-Tae ; Lee, Su-Beom ;
Journal of Korean Society of Transportation, volume 28, issue 1, 2010, Pages 97~105
An All-red clearance interval(AR) has been operating with amber signal in order to avoid collision between vehicles which cannot come out of the intersections, vehicles coming in from the opposite direction, and pedestrians(bicycles) on the crosswalk during the signal conversion time at the intersections. Foreign nations have been analyzing AR's influences of traffic accidents. On the other hand, the similar research has not been conducted in the country. The objective of this paper, therefore, is to analyze the safety at the intersections with respect to the installation of AR through the hypothesis test. A before-and-after analysis has been performed for 10 intersections where applied AR. From the 95% of significance level, the results of Non-parametric Test show that the installation of AR improves a safety at the intersections. The results indicates that AR discharges vehicles passing through the intersections and control entering vehicles at the intersections.
The Major Ripple Effects of the Logistics Industry (Using a MRIO(Multi-Regional Input-Output) Analysis)
Choe, Yeong-Yun ; Kim, Chan-Seong ; Park, Min-Cheol ; Seong, Hong-Mo ; Sin, Seung-Jin ;
Journal of Korean Society of Transportation, volume 28, issue 1, 2010, Pages 107~114
This study aims to identify the impact of the logistics industry on the Korean national economy. To do this, we used a MRIO table provided by the Bank of Korea which includes inter and intra regional relationship of the production and consumption for 6 areas - the Seoul Metropolitan, Gangwon, Chungcheong, Jeonra, Gyeongbuk, Gyeongnam area, but an original MRIO table was recomposed of 29 sectors focused on logistics industry for the purpose of this study. we analyzed producing-inducing effects, supply-shortage effects and inter-industry linkage effects based on logistics industry by region and industry. As a result, the logistics industry has more supply-shortage effect rather than production-inducing effect and has a higher ripple effect on the automotive in Gyeongnam area and petrochemical industry in Jeonra area. In particular, the ripple effect of th Metropolitan logistic industry was far smaller than that of other areas, because the Seoul Metropolitan industry was identified as the primary and middle demand industry.
Parameter Estimation & Validation of Volume-delay Function based on Traffic Survey Data
Kim, Ju-Yeong ; Chu, Sang-Ho ; Gang, Min-Gu ; Heo, Heon ;
Journal of Korean Society of Transportation, volume 28, issue 1, 2010, Pages 115~124
VDF(volume-delay function) is one of the most important factor to improve the reliability of traffic demand estimation because it is for estimation of link travel time based on the traffic volume variation. Because VDF of link except for freeway is applied as the parameter of BPR(bureau of public road) of U.S., it causes to deteriorate the accuracy of traffic demand estimation. The purpose of this paper is to establish new parameter of VDF based on the real-surveyed traffic data in order to improve the problem of the existing VDF. We suggest the reclassification of road hierarchy, the approach of traffic survey, the estimating method of VDF parameter, and the improvements of new VDF application. The new VDF allows us to estimate more realistic traffic situation in parts of demand, travel time and path between origin-destination.
The Bus Arrival Time Prediction Using Bus Delay Time
Lee, Seung-Hun ; Mun, Byeong-Seop ; Park, Beom-Jin ;
Journal of Korean Society of Transportation, volume 28, issue 1, 2010, Pages 125~134
It is occurred bus arrival time errors when a bus arrives at a bus stop because of a variety of traffic condition such as traffic signal cycle, the time to get on and off a bus, a bus-only lane and so on. In this paper, bus delay time which is occurred as the result of traffic condition was estimated with Markov Chain process and bus arrival time at each bus stop was predicted with it. As the result of the study, it is confirmed to improve accuracy than the method of bus arrival time prediction with existing method (weighed moving average method) in case predicting bus arrival time using 7 by 7 and 9 by 9 matrixes.
Development of Bus Arrival Time Estimation Model by Unit of Route Group
No, Chang-Gyun ; Kim, Won-Gil ; Son, Bong-Su ;
Journal of Korean Society of Transportation, volume 28, issue 1, 2010, Pages 135~142
The convenient techniques for predicting the bus arrival time have used the data obtained from the buses belong to the same company only. Consequently, the conventional techniques have often failed to predict the bus arrival time at the downstream bus stops due to the lack of the data during congestion time period. The primary objective of this study is to overcome the weakness of the conventional techniques. The estimation model developed based on the data obtained from Bus Information System(BIS) and Bus management System(BMS). The proposed model predicts the bus arrival time at bus stops by using the data of all buses travelling same roadway section during the same time period. In the tests, the proposed model had a good accuracy of predicting the bus arrival time at the bus stops in terms of statistical measurements (e.g., root mean square error). Overall, the empirical results were very encouraging: the model maintains a prediction job during the morning and evening peak periods and delivers excellent results for the severely congested roadways that are of the most practical interest.
A Study on the Evaluation Method of Level of Service in Transfer Walking Facilities
Yun, Tae-Gwan ; Lee, Yeong-In ;
Journal of Korean Society of Transportation, volume 28, issue 1, 2010, Pages 143~156
The walking is very important because of its environment friendly and low accident rate, and transferring is also important as increasing public transportation uses. Facilities for transferring such as transfer path in Sadang station and internal stairways in Sindorim station are the object of this paper. Using preexistence methodology for Level of Service is not appropriate to transferring facilities because they are occurred only when the train arrive that station. To solve this problem, this paper uses queuing theory and utilization factor. In result, we can get Level of Service which can simulate real situation of the facilities by using new methodology which introduce by this paper. Also it reveals that preexistence methodology cannot simulate real phenomenon in transferring center.
Development of Traffic Accident Safety Index under Different Weather Conditions
Park, Jun-Tae ; Hong, Ji-Yeon ; Lee, Su-Beom ;
Journal of Korean Society of Transportation, volume 28, issue 1, 2010, Pages 157~163
It is well known that weather conditions are closely related with the number and severity of traffic accidents. At present, installation of safety countermeasures including systems is common approach to reduce the damage of traffic accidents at expressways. In this study, the differences of causation factors to influence traffic accidents considering road alignment characteristics and weather conditions. In order to identify the relationship between road and weather conditions, discriminant analysis has been performed with 500 traffic accident data at expressways. Weather conditions are divided into several categories such as snow, sunny, rain, fog, and cloud. Also, road conditions such as types of pavements, grades are analyzed. As the results, major impacting road conditions to traffic accidents are concrete pavement and 3% or more down grades. In these road conditions, visible distance will be reduced and actual braking distances will be increased. This study shows that the expressway sections under concrete pavement and down grades should be more cautious than other sections. It also shows that fog condition is the mose dangerous situation in terms of traffic accidents.