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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
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Journal of Korean Society of Transportation
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Journal DOI :
Korean Society of Transportation
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Volume & Issues
Volume 28, Issue 6 - Dec 2010
Volume 28, Issue 5 - Oct 2010
Volume 28, Issue 4 - Aug 2010
Volume 28, Issue 3 - Jun 2010
Volume 28, Issue 2 - Apr 2010
Volume 28, Issue 1 - Feb 2010
Selecting the target year
Safety Improvement of Installation of "Hi-pass" System at Expressway Toll Gate
Yu, Bong-Seok ; Lee, Su-Beom ; Park, Wan-Yong ; Park, Jun-Tae ;
Journal of Korean Society of Transportation, volume 28, issue 4, 2010, Pages 7~18
This study analyzed the relative vehicle speed and vehicle deceleration time caused by traffic conflicts using vehicle speed data at expressway toll gates and traffic conflict occurrence data. According to the analysis, the greater the relative vehicle speed is at the toll gate, the more sudden vehicle deceleration occurs due to traffic conflicts. In particular, a comparison study of cases in similar operating conditions presents a finding that usage of lanes influences traffic conflict occurrences as well as relative vehicle speed. With this finding, the study further conducted a quantitative analysis of the accident rates in relation to the relative vehicle speed between vehicles using a "Hi-Pass" lane and a regular lane at the toll gate. It indicates that when the relative vehicle speed is greater, the accident rate is higher due to sudden vehicle deceleration and shorter deceleration time. Furthermore, when the expressway entrance/exit point is closely located to a toll gate and the relative vehicle speed is great, a analysis at a traffic conflict shows a low value.
A Contextual Study of Public Transport Information Service Use Behavior in Daily Activity
Jo, Chang-Hyeon ; Lee, Baek-Jin ; Bin, Mi-Yeong ;
Journal of Korean Society of Transportation, volume 28, issue 4, 2010, Pages 19~30
It has become important to have some proper guidelines of how to provide public transport information services in response to the rapid IT developments and the wide spread of public information services. The current study takes a contextual approach to the analysis of public transportation information use under a dynamic decision situation, complementing the conventional cross-sectional approaches. Using the CHAID of decision tree induction based on decision table formalism applied to the survey data of activity travel and information use, the study found that the information type and medium choices are strongly affected by the decision contexts in addition to the individuals' socio-demographic characteristics. The results suggest an important implication to the market segmentation of information services for public transportation.
The Establishment of an Evaluation Model and Analysis of Perceived Differences between Appraisers for Scenic Roads
Kim, Hyeong-Cheol ; Jo, Eung-Rae ; Jang, Seung-Il ;
Journal of Korean Society of Transportation, volume 28, issue 4, 2010, Pages 31~40
The purpose of this study is to formulate an evaluation model and to select evaluation factors for designing scenic roads and designating existing roads as scenic roads. The definition of a "scenic road" contains the purpose not just of travel or access but visiting itself. The value of a scenic road can be enhanced through the preservation of natural environment along the road or the installation of artificial facilities. In order to promote objective scenic road selection and evaluation, the authors used Analytic Hierarchy Process (AHP), which is a multi-criteria decision making method. The weighting value was 0.382 for the value of landscape along the road, 0.154 for the value of landscape in the road, 0.269 for the characteristics of the road, and 0.196 for the management of the road.
Development of Transportation Indicators for Green Growth Based on a Questionnaire Survey for Transportation Experts
Kim, Hyeon-Myeong ; Jo, Jong-Seok ; Choe, Jeong-Min ; Gang, Hui-Jeong ;
Journal of Korean Society of Transportation, volume 28, issue 4, 2010, Pages 41~59
In this study, the indicators for evaluating the level of green growth in transportation are proposed. The authors reviewed the existing philosophies such as sustainable development and eco-efficiency and explained the differences between the philosophies and green growth. The planning hierarchy and indicator framework are proposed and the idea of indicators is also introduced. In order to decide the weighting value for objectives and targets, a questionnaire survey for transportation experts was conducted. The survey results show that low-carbon/environmentally-friendly development is the most important objective. In addition, the results reveal that transportation experts do not fully understand the concept of green growth and cannot differentiate the concept of green growth from that of sustainable development and eco-efficiency.
Reasons for Violation of the Self Carfree Day Policy
Bin, Mi-Yeong ; Jeong, Ui-Seok ;
Journal of Korean Society of Transportation, volume 28, issue 4, 2010, Pages 61~73
This research is to analyze reasons for violation of the Self Carfree day policy. It also analyzes satisfaction of the policy participation incentives. The results are that the violation rate is increasing if the drivers live in a zone which is highly energy consuming, which has low potential demand per bus stop and low trip generation per number of houses, which therefore requires more bus routes and bus services, and in which the drivers pay more car operating fees and show less tendancy towards participation even with the 5-10% oil price increase. The results are significant at the 0.05 level.
Influence of a Semi-Public Management System of Intra-City Bus Service on the Decrease of Traffic Accidents and the Attitude Change of Intra-City Bus Drivers
Choe, Jae-Won ; Jeong, Heon-Yeong ; Jang, Seok-Yong ; Kim, Gwang-Uk ;
Journal of Korean Society of Transportation, volume 28, issue 4, 2010, Pages 73~83
The main objective of this paper is to analyze the factors of a semi-public management system of intra-city bus that influence the decrease of traffic accidents which are caused by intra-city buses and the attitude change of intra-city bus drivers over their driving. The results show that the traffic accidents decreased generally as a result of definition of the progresses and characteristics of traffic accidents of intra-city buses before-and-after the system is implemented and with the passing of time after the system began operations. Second, the factors which influence the decrease of traffic offenses before-and-after semi-public management system of intra-city bus are the decrease of violations, safe driving, and job security. Also, the causes which mostly influence the decrease of traffic accidents are defined. Finally, the changing degrees of driving attitudes before-and-after the system is implemented and the causes of the changes are determined. The effects on the decrease of traffic accidents before-and-after the system is implemented as well as the problems and the solutions over time are the main products of this study.
Service Satisfaction Evaluation of Each Travel Section in Seoul's Subway Junctions
O, Mi-Yeong ; Kim, Jang-Uk ; Park, Dong-Ju ; Son, Ui-Yeong ; Lee, Su-Beom ;
Journal of Korean Society of Transportation, volume 28, issue 4, 2010, Pages 85~93
Unlike the existing subway service evaluation system, service evaluation indices by travel section in 26 subway stations were developed and appraised. Travel sections were classified into (1) subway station approach, (2) from entrance to platform, (3) platform, and (4) passageway for transfer, after which weights by travel section and by service evaluation index were estimated using analytic hierarchy process (AHP) by transportation experts. Subway service satisfaction data was gathered from 2000 passengers at the 26 subway stations. The results showed that the weights of (1) subway station approach and (4) passageway for transfer were highest and the weights by travel sections were different if kinds of services were the same. Comfort on the platform, crowdedness in the passageway for transfer, and transfer information from entrance to platform were highest in order in terms of satisfaction. Meanwhile, the results of the IPA showed that services in the passageway for transfer were high in terms of weights but were relatively low in terms of satisfaction. Therefore the services in passages for transfer needed to be reformed preferentially.
Estimating Potential Impact of Bike Lane Implementation (Case study of Seoul Metropolitan City)
Sin, Hui-Cheol ; Hwang, Gi-Yeon ; Jo, Yong-Hak ; Jeong, Seong-Yeop ;
Journal of Korean Society of Transportation, volume 28, issue 4, 2010, Pages 97~106
Environmental issues resulting from climate change and energy crises have become global issues, and cycling has gained greater popularity for sustainable transportation. Though many cities are trying to build bicycle roads, it is not easy to implement bicycle roads because there is little available space for bicycle facilities. Therefore, road diets have become more popular in Korea. However, there has been no intensive research to date of their impacts. The purpose of this research is to evaluate the effects of road diets and construction of bike lanes. Every benefit, including energy benefit, environmental benefit, and health benefit is considered, while only time savings benefit has been considered in previous studies. The benefit analysis for the Seoul metropolitan area as a case study shows that road diets have a (1) time saving benefit for only five percent of the mode share and (2) enough total benefit even if bicycle mode share is less than two percent.
Autonomous Self-Estimation of Vehicle Travel Times in VANET Environment
Im, Hui-Seop ; O, Cheol ; Gang, Gyeong-Pyo ;
Journal of Korean Society of Transportation, volume 28, issue 4, 2010, Pages 107~118
Wireless communication technologies including vehicle-to-vehicle (V2V) and vehicle-to-infrastructure (V2I) enable the development of more sophisticated and effective traffic information systems. This study presents a method to estimate vehicular travel times in a vehicular ad hoc network (VANET) environment. A novel feature of the proposed method is estimating individual vehicle travel times through advanced on-board units in each vehicle, referred to as self-estimated travel time in this study. The method uses travel information including vehicle position and speed at each given time step transmitted through the V2V and V2I communications. Vehicle trajectory data obtained from the VISSIM simulator is used for evaluating the accuracy of estimated travel times. Relevant technical issues for successful field implementation are also discussed.
Combined RP/SP Model with Latent Variables
Kim, Jin-Hui ; Jeong, Jin-Hyeok ; Son, Gi-Min ;
Journal of Korean Society of Transportation, volume 28, issue 4, 2010, Pages 119~128
Mode choice behavior is associated with travelers' latent behavior that is an unobservable preference to travel behavior or mode characteristics. This paper specifically addresses the problem of unobservable factors, that is latent behavior, in mode choice models. Consideration of latent behavior in mode choice models reduces the errors that come from unobservable factors. In this study, the authors defined the latent variables that mean a quantitative latent behavior factors, and developed the combined RP/SP model with latent variables using the mode choice behavior survey data. The data has traveler's revealed preference of existent modes along the Han River and stated preference of new water transit on the Han River. Also, The data has travelers' latent behavior. Latent variables were defined by factor analysis using the latent behaviour data. In conclusion, it is significant that the relationship between traveler's latent behavior and mode choice behavior. In addition, the goodness-of-fit of the mode choice models with latent variables are better than the model without latent variables.
Measuring the Connectivity of Nodes in Road Networks
Park, Jun-Sik ; Gang, Seong-Cheol ;
Journal of Korean Society of Transportation, volume 28, issue 4, 2010, Pages 129~139
This study proposes a model for measuring the connectivity of nodes in road networks. The connectivity index between two nodes is characterized by the number of routes, degree of circuitousness, design speed, and route capacity between the nodes. The connectivity index of a node is then defined as the weighted average of the connectivity indexes between the node and other nodes under consideration. The weighting factor between two nodes is determined by the travel demand and distance between them. The application of the model to a toy network shows that it reasonably well quantifies the level of connectivity of nodes in the network. If flow of rail networks can be measured in the same scale as that of road networks and the capacity of rail links can be estimated, the model proposed in this paper could be applied to intermodal transportation networks as well.
Evaluation of Vehicle and Pedestrian Environments using Grey System Theory
Lee, Jin-Gak ; Son, Yeong-Tae ; Han, Sang-Jin ; Park, Jin-Yeong ; Lee, Sang-Hwa ;
Journal of Korean Society of Transportation, volume 28, issue 4, 2010, Pages 141~156
In this paper, understanding there is a limitation with a comprehensive and network approach for the evaluation of existing vehicle and pedestrian environments, the authors focus on developing an integrated approach to assessing these environments. The network evaluation here means the assessment at a three-dimensional level that includes evaluation methods of lines/axes in a spatial concept as well as integration of evaluation indicators being used for vehicles and the walking environment. Grey System Theory (GST) was applied based on the theoretical background for network and comprehensive integrated evaluation, and the evaluation of the vehicle and pedestrian environment was performed by assigning target areas to walking preference zones. As a result of the comprehensive evaluation and analysis by GST, even if the service level is the same as the operating indicators (Highway Capacity Manual) of the vehicle and pedestrian environment, or relatively better, it was identified that the total score could be varied over Grey Category because the observed data are calculated after considering the weights between evaluation indicators by the range of Grey Category on the comprehensive evaluation. Considering comprehensively these points, although the indicators on the operation of roads are relatively good, in the event that the indicators on the safety of roads are bad, it was known that the scores over Grey Category also could be changed. The result is that this evaluation method can be used to evaluate the network concept per lane (per axis) as well as to diagnose the current state by type of urban street in the future.
Analysis of the Efficiency of Urban Bus Companies in Seoul Considering Accident and Emission Costs (Using a Directional Distance Function)
O, Mi-Yeong ; Kim, Seong-Su ;
Journal of Korean Society of Transportation, volume 28, issue 4, 2010, Pages 157~166
The aim of this paper was to estimate efficiency using a directional distance function to compare performances of bus agencies to determine if they have made efforts to operate efficiently and reduce emissions and accidents since public transportation reforms 2004. Drivers, mechanics, staff, buses, and fuel were used as input data and vehicle-kilometers (a desirable output), accident costs, and emission costs (undesirable outputs) as output data during June 2005. As a result, the efficiency with undesirable outputs was lower than the efficiency without undesirable outputs. However, the number of efficient agencies was more in case of the consideration of undesirable outputs. The reason is that the number of agencies whose possibility to reduce undesirable outputs are less than the possibility to reduce inputs was increasing, while the efficiency deviation among agencies was larger in case of the consideration of undesirable outputs. Meanwhile, the increase of CNG buses and operating speed and the improvement of mechanical efficiency had positive influence on the efficiency.
Developing a Freeway Flow Management Scheme Under Ubiquitous System Environments
Park, Eun-Mi ; Seo, Ui-Hyeon ; Go, Myeong-Seok ; O, Hyeon-Seon ;
Journal of Korean Society of Transportation, volume 28, issue 4, 2010, Pages 167~175
The ubiquitous transportation system environments make it possible to collect each vehicle's position and velocity data and to perform more sophisticated traffic flow management at the individual vehicle or platoon level through vehicle to vehicle (V2V) and vehicle to infrastructure (V2I) communication. It is necessary to develop a traffic flow management scheme to take advantage of the ubiquitous transportation system environments. This paper proposes an algorithm to advise the optimal speed for each vehicle according to the traffic flow condition. The algorithm aims to stabilize the traffic flow by advising the equilibrium speed to the vehicles speeding or crawling under freely flowing condition. And it aims to prevent or at least alleviate the shockwave propagation by advising the optimal speed that should dampen the speed drop under critical flow conditions. This paper builds a simulation testbed and performs some simulation experiments for the proposed algorithm. The proposed algorithm shows the expected results in terms of travel time reduction and congestion alleviation.
Design Guideline Development for Managed Lane Access Spacing Using Gap Acceptance Theory
Yang, Cheol-Su ; Mattingly, Stephen P. ; Kim, Hyeon-Ung ; Gwon, Yong-Jang ;
Journal of Korean Society of Transportation, volume 28, issue 4, 2010, Pages 177~186
The principal objective of this paper is to develop road design guidelines, especially for managed lane access spacing between the expressway on-ramp (or off-ramp) and managed lane access point. Managed lanes are typically located in the expressway median and are accessed by weaving across the mainlines. The high level of lane-changing activity present in weaving areas affects capacity significantly. One promising tool for the analysis of lane-changing activity is "gap acceptance theory." This paper estimates the capacity of weaving areas based on the estimated degree of traffic turbulence using gap acceptance theory. The degree of traffic turbulence is represented by a function of the probability that lane-changing vehicles can complete their maneuvers successfully in a given weaving distance. In developing road design guidelines based on the developed gap acceptance model, the minimum managed lane access spacing is determined where the capacity with respect to the managed lane access spacing becomes stable.