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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
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Journal of Korean Society of Transportation
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Journal DOI :
Korean Society of Transportation
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Volume & Issues
Volume 29, Issue 6 - Dec 2011
Volume 29, Issue 5 - Oct 2011
Volume 29, Issue 4 - Aug 2011
Volume 29, Issue 3 - Jun 2011
Volume 29, Issue 2 - Apr 2011
Volume 29, Issue 1 - Feb 2011
Selecting the target year
Analysis on Motorcycle Driving Behavior
Kim, Hyeong-Gyu ; Kim, Jin-Tae ; Park, Jun-Tae ; Lee, Su-Beom ;
Journal of Korean Society of Transportation, volume 29, issue 4, 2011, Pages 7~15
Emerged in early 1990s, so called 'Quick service' industry that provides faster delivery of small parcels than regular mail service accelerated use of motorcycles. As the economic grows, use of large bicycles (more than 250CC displacement) for leisure purpose has also rapidly increased. Traffic crash data clearly shows the increasing trend in motorcycle crashes. The ratio of motorcycle involved crashes out of total has increased from 5.7% in 2005 to 8.3% in 2008, and similar trend can be found in fatalities ratio as well. In this study, we assess the level of risk when motorcycles operate on motorways by analyzing traffic rule violation ratio, lane change behaviour, driving speed behaviors of motorcycles in Uninterrupted Traffic Flow Facilities and using PC-CRASH simulation we also calculate car shock impulses occurred when an accident happens. Analysis result shows that the motorcycle is different from the car in terms of lane change timing and average speed, and also shows motorcycle drivers tends to conduct more improper driving behavior particularly when traffic is congested. The results from this study could be usefully applied when the law enforcement agent decides whether bicycles shall be allowed to use motorways. The result could be also utilized as fundamental information for further study of bicycles' driving behavior.
Agent-based Speed Management Strategy for Freeway Traffic Safety (Methodology and Evaluation)
Song, Tae-Jin ; O, Cheol ;
Journal of Korean Society of Transportation, volume 29, issue 4, 2011, Pages 17~28
This study proposed a speed management strategy for the enhancement of traffic safety on freeways. A novel feature of the proposed strategy is to provide desirable speed information to individual vehicles. A microscopic traffic simulator, VISSIM, was used for the performance evaluation. Vehicle trajectory data were used to evaluate the various speed management scenarios including the different levels of proportions of heavy vehicles. The proposed speed management strategy would be a useful precursor for developing an effective traffic control and operations system to prevent traffic accidents on freeways.
Factors Influencing Commuting Time to Work for the Simple Linkage Travel
Bin, Mi-Yeong ;
Journal of Korean Society of Transportation, volume 29, issue 4, 2011, Pages 29~41
This study investigates the factor that influences commuting time to work when individuals allocate their time for different types of activities. The commuting time is an important indicator for an individual to determine the residence and choose the means of transportation. The analysis uses the data collected from people who live in Seoul metropolitan area including Seoul, Incheon and Gyeonggi Province, and commute to work and making the simple linkage travel (home-work-home) within the area. For the analysis, the Cox hazard proportional methodology was adopted. The method is known to be well applied without assuming any distribution in case of the dependent variable being continuous. For the covariate, the interaction effect between the space variable of the work place and the variable of transportation has been also included in the model. The commuting time to work has been estimated for both 1) the whole metropolitan area and 2) the separate regions i.e., Seoul, Incheon and Gyeonggi-Do. The result reveals that characteristic variables related to individual, household and travel properties influence the mode of transportation and the time allocated for commuting to work (p<0.01). This study also demonstrates the usefulness of the Cox hazard proportional model. The data used in this study is the actual household travel data surveyed in 2006 in the metropolitan area, and analyzing the survey data in 2010 is currently in progress. Comparison of the two survey data sets seeking any behavioral change is suggested for the future study.
Factors Affecting Injury Severity in Pedestrian-Vehicle Crash by Novice Driver
Choe, Sae-Ro-Na ; Park, Jun-Hyeong ; O, Cheol ;
Journal of Korean Society of Transportation, volume 29, issue 4, 2011, Pages 43~51
Since a variety of factors are associated with crash occurrence, the analysis of causes of crash is a hard task for traffic researchers and engineers. Among contributing factors leading to crash, the characteristics of driver is of keen interest. This study attempted to identify factors affecting the severity of pedestrian in the collision between pedestrian and vehicle. In particular, our analyses were focused on the novice driver. A binary logistic regression technique was adopted for the analyses. The results showed that driver's age, crash location, and the frequency of violations were dominant factors for the severity. Findings are expected to be useful information for deffective policy- and education-based countermeasures.
Accident Reduction Effectiveness of Safety Management Programs for a Commercial Transport Company
Jeong, Sang-Ho ; O, Yeong-Tae ;
Journal of Korean Society of Transportation, volume 29, issue 4, 2011, Pages 53~62
This study discusses the effectiveness of safety management programs resulted from examining crash data collected during the period of implementation of the programs by a commercial transport company. For the analysis, two tye of comparison approaches are adopted: 1) a study comparing before-after of the implementation of a safety program, and 2) a study comparing a traffic accident index for various target groups. Technically, the effect of the safety management program is derived by eliminating both the 'regression to the mean' and the changing trend in the traffic accident index. The results show that safety management programs are effective to prevent traffic accidents, whereas company type appears irrelevant. The results also show that the effectiveness is significantly different depending on the intensity of safety management program and company size. In addition, a reciprocal effect is very likely to existamong the combination of these variables. This indicates that in order to improve the accident reduction effectiveness of such programs, the development and application of safety management programs based on both safety management strength and company size are required.
A Estimation Model of The Fuel Consumption Based on The Vehicle Speed Pattern
Won, Min-Su ; Gang, Gyeong-Pyo ; Kim, Jeong-Wan ;
Journal of Korean Society of Transportation, volume 29, issue 4, 2011, Pages 65~71
It is practically hard to measure vehicle fuel consumption required to evaluate the energy-related governmental policies and traffic management strategies; the existing methods are too simplified due to the limited field data available. Existing methods are even unable to reflect the amount of fuel consumed when vehicles accelerate and decelerate, and such technical limitations have reduced the quality of the policy evaluation. This study proposes a new fuel consumption model that simultaneously considers the effects of both cruising speed and acceleration/deceleration of vehicles. A new fuel consumption model was developed based on the simulation data generated by AVL Cruise, a vehicle simulation program. The estimated by the proposed model was compared against the one from the existing method. Comparison results showed that the proposed model provided much reliable estimate (fuel consumption) than the other did.
An Analysis Procedure for Evaluating Pedestrian Scramble Construction
Han, Yeo-Hui ; Kim, Yeong-Chan ; Yang, Chung-Heon ;
Journal of Korean Society of Transportation, volume 29, issue 4, 2011, Pages 73~83
Installation of pedestrian scramble is recently increasing due to pedestrian-oriented transportation policies issued in local governments. Pedestrian scramble is able to emphasize safety issues by reducing conflicts between pedestrians and vehicles when an exclusive pedestrian phase is employed. In spite of its positive property, pedestrian scramble has several negative points: an increase of a cycle length, a decrease of green time ratio, and an increase of total delay. This study delivers the impacts of pedestrian scrambles in terms of pedestrian convenience and traffic mobility. Authors analyzed the changes of traffic delays by comparing the installation and no installation of pedestrian scramble at an intersection by varying several variables: signal timings, traffic volumes, the number of lanes, and the number of pedestrian conflicts. The paper presents an analysis procedure as a guideline that assists practitioners in selection of appropriate intersections at where pedestrian scrambles are implemented.
A Green House Gas Emission Estimation Based on Gravity Model and Its Elasticity
Im, Yong-Taek ;
Journal of Korean Society of Transportation, volume 29, issue 4, 2011, Pages 85~93
Many policies, such as transit-oriented development, encouraged use of bicycle and pedestrian, reduction of green house gas (GHG) and etc., have been deployed to support transport sustainability. Although various studies regarding GHG were presented, no one has yet adequately explained the behavior of travelers. This paper proposes a GHG emission model by highlighting its sensitivity, elasticity with regard to such travel cost as travel time, travel fare, and GHG pricing, introduced to reduce the amount of GHG in transportation system. For better estimation of GHG, the proposed model adopts (1) a production-constrained gravity model and (2) the travel distance from the origin and the destination (OD). The gravity model has a merit that it considers travel pattern between OD pairs. The model was tested with an example, and the promising results confirmed its validation and applications.
Developing Traffic Accident Models Using Panel Data (Focused on the 50 intersections in Cheongju)
Kim, Jun-Yong ; Na, Hui ; Park, Min-Gyu ; Park, Byeong-Ho ;
Journal of Korean Society of Transportation, volume 29, issue 4, 2011, Pages 95~101
This study proposes the accident estimation model developed based on the time-series cross-sectional data at 50 intersections in Cheongju. The data were collected repeatedly and accumulated from 2004 to 2007. This study focused on deriving the optimal among the various models including TSCSREG(Time Series Cross Section Regression). Four different models utilizing various elements affecting accidents were developed. Through a statistical test, it was found that the t values of independent variables of the fixed effect models were less than those of the random effect models. Two variables were then found to be positive to the accidents: the number of crosswalks at an intersection and the number of intersections.
Accident Rate Forecasting Model by Using Speed on Freeway
Jeong, Eun-Bi ; O, Cheol ;
Journal of Korean Society of Transportation, volume 29, issue 4, 2011, Pages 103~111
The speed is one of the significant factors affecting accident occurrence. In particular, freeway accidents are highly associated with the speed because vehicles travel on the freeway at higher speed leading to greater potential of severer injury. Efforts attempting to relating speed with accident occurrence have not been significantly made in Korea. The objective of this study is to model the relationship between speed and accident rate on freeways. Loop detector data and accident data obtained from a stretch of Kyungboo freeway during the recent five years, 2005-2009, were used to establish the model. Multiple linear regression analyses showed that median, minimum and standard deviation of speed were contributing variables in the model. The statistical significance identified by the analyses supports the feasibility of the model in evaluating various transportation policies and operations strategies in terms of traffic safety.
Optimization of TIME-OF-DAY and Estimation on the Field Application for Arterial Road
Lee, In-Gyu ; Lee, Ho-Sang ; Kim, Yeong-Chan ;
Journal of Korean Society of Transportation, volume 29, issue 4, 2011, Pages 113~123
Traffic signal control is one of the most cost-effective means of improving urban mobility. With the recent progress of ITS (Intelligent Transportation System) and the installation of the real time traffic control systems, traffic signal control is conducted in online and real time. Normally, time-of-day (TOD) signal control is used with the system, but no definite methodology has yet been available for efficient TOD signal planing designing. Such method and process are in need to optimize the traffic signal timing plan. This paper proposes the optimization of TOD signal timings on arterials. The effects of the signal timings from the proposed method were assessed in the field. The proposed includes the methods determining the separation of the TOD break points and the TOD intervals. Those were tested on an arterial consisting of ten coordinated signalized intersections. It was found from the test results that the proposed TOD signal timing plans outperformed the previous signal timings.
Real-time Road-Visibility Measurement Using CCTV Camera
Kim, Bong-Geun ; Jang, In-Su ; Lee, Gwang ;
Journal of Korean Society of Transportation, volume 29, issue 4, 2011, Pages 125~138
The highway visibility reduction caused by fog is one of the major elements of traffic accidents. Though the fog warning systems can lead drivers into safe driving by letting them aware dangerous situations in advance, the optical sensors, such as fog sensor, has been extremely costly. Through recent studies, it is delivered that visibility measurements have become obtainable with relatively cheap cameras and their functionality is as similar as a driver' visual sense. Those measurements however require additional signs or ROI, so it is still costly and unable to utilize the conventional images from the existing systems. This study proposes a new method to detect the visibility in real time based on the conventional images from the existing CCTV cameras. The proposed method builds a road model and extracts and applies vehicle movements and visible lines - those highlight easy and quick visibility measurements. The proposed method has advantages of both (1) having possible day and night visibility measurements similar to drivers' visual sense and (2) being easily applied to the existing CCTV system without additional devices. This paper presents field experiments using images acquired from the Central Inland Expressway and discusses future research directions.