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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
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Journal of Korean Society of Transportation
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Korean Society of Transportation
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Volume & Issues
Volume 29, Issue 6 - Dec 2011
Volume 29, Issue 5 - Oct 2011
Volume 29, Issue 4 - Aug 2011
Volume 29, Issue 3 - Jun 2011
Volume 29, Issue 2 - Apr 2011
Volume 29, Issue 1 - Feb 2011
Selecting the target year
Identifying the Effects of Drivers' Behavior on Habitual Drunk Driving with Truncated Count Data Model
Yang, Si-Hun ; Kim, Do-Gyeong ;
Journal of Korean Society of Transportation, volume 29, issue 5, 2011, Pages 7~17
Traffic problems caused by drunk drivers have been steadily raised from the past. Even though the previous researches have focused on the development of countermeasures for preventing drunk driving, the number of drivers violating the DUI (Driving-Under-Influence) regulation is still increasing. Many studies seek countermeasures for preventing drunk driving by comparing the differences between general and drunk drivers. However, few researches have investigated focusing only on the characteristics of drunk drivers. It is well known that characteristics of general drivers are different from those of drunk drivers, and also habitual drunk drivers have different characteristics from non-habitual drunk drivers. Motivated by this fact, only the drivers who have violated DUI regulation are considered in the analysis. This study primarily aims to provide alternative solutions for reducing habitual drunk drivers who are highly inclined to do drunk driving repeatedly. For the analysis, various types of variables potentially effecting drunk driving behavior were investigated, and then truncated count data models were developed to analyze the effects of the variables selected on drunk driving. The results showed that 1) a truncated negative binomial model is better fitted to the data; and 2) five variables including experiential learning, the lack of self-control, self-reflection, the fear of crackdown, and the level of dependence on vehicles were found to be statistically significant.
Analysis of the Effect of Traffic Safety Investment on Traffic Accident Reduction Using Panel Data
Gang, Su-Cheol ; Bae, Hyeong ;
Journal of Korean Society of Transportation, volume 29, issue 5, 2011, Pages 19~32
There are many investment budget drafts in the filed of a road traffic safety. The traffic safety budget is spitted into following three major areas: 1) traffic safety facility (Engineering), 2) traffic enforcement (Enforcement), and 3) traffic safety education & public relation (Education). The three area are known as so-called 3E policy. This study investigates the effect of the investment in the 3E policy on the reduction of traffic accidents analyzing the data annually collected from the 15 local governments during 1992 to 2007. The analysis employing the traffic accidents as the dependent variable reveals that the effect of the investment is higher if same amount of investment is made on areas of the traffic safety education and public relation than the area of facility improvement. The similar conclusions are resulted from the separate investigation of traffic accidents data by 6 different types. All the results consistently indicate that the current traffic safety investment being primarily made on traffic safety facility needs to shift to the areas of traffic safety education and public relation budget.
A Study on the Standardization of Information Connection for Transfer Information Service in Transfer Center
Bae, Myeong-Hwan ; O, Dong-Seop ; Lee, Seung-Hwan ; O, Se-Chang ;
Journal of Korean Society of Transportation, volume 29, issue 5, 2011, Pages 33~42
As the scale of transfer center becomes gradually large, transfer information service considering convenience of users in motion in a large transfer center is required. This service provides moving users with information through individual portable terminals such as mobile phone or, smart phone which are capable of wireless communication. In particular, technology of measuring indoor location using Wi-Fi is in a stage of commercial practice and indoor/outdoor location-base transfer information service is possible through smart phones with built-in GPS and Wi-Fi. In this study, we suggest information services that support transfer activities based on the locations of visitors inside transfer centers. This study also suggests the logical and physical architectures, and physical components required for the flow of information as well as the target connected standardized information for connecting destinations of each proposed draft standards.
Analysis of Intra-city Bus Demand during Rainfall Using Ordered Probit Model
Jeong, Heon-Yeong ; Song, Geum-Yeong ; Kim, Gwang-Uk ;
Journal of Korean Society of Transportation, volume 29, issue 5, 2011, Pages 43~54
After implementing "Semi-public management system of intra-city bus", the burden of financial aid for unprofitable routes is on the increase in Busan metro city. It becomes a heavy burden on the local finance, which needs to be resolved for improving the intra-bus system. The rainfall is one of the factors influencing the demands for intra-bus in urban transportation. Motivated by this fact, this study investigates the impact of rainfall on the intra-city bus demand. Actual bus users are surveyed on their patterns and recognition of using the bus according to the amount of rainfall. A rainfall forecast model using ordered probit model is presented, and the elasticity of the intra-city bus utilization to the amount of rainfall is also analyzed. The resulting findings could be applied to promote the use of intra-city buses and also be utilized as basic data for other studies to improve the intra-city bus system.
A Comparative Study for Estimation of Greenhouse Gas for Local Government`s Sustainable Transport
Yu, Byeong-Yong ; Bae, Sang-Hun ; Han, Sang-Yong ; Kim, Geon-Yeong ;
Journal of Korean Society of Transportation, volume 29, issue 5, 2011, Pages 55~65
In effort to estimate sustainability of the transportation sector, this study conducts a comparative analysis of methodology suggested for measuring greenhouse gas emission. There are two approaches proposed by the UN IPCC: 1) top-down approach (TDA) based on the amount oil sales, and 2) bottom-up approach (BUA) utilizing the velocity of moving source and traffic volume data. The subject areas for analysis were selected based on research results by the Korea Transportation Institute that evaluate traffic sustainability of each local government. Gwacheon-si being one of the top ranked areas in sustainability, and Anseong-si being ranked at the 7th level were analyzed. By the tier 1 methodology, Gwacheon-si and Anseong-si are estimated to create 74,813ton/yr, and 584,125ton/yr of the greenhouse gas emission, respectively. The tier 3 methodology, however, estimates Gwacheon-si and Anseong-si to create 91,462ton/yr, and 163,801ton/yr of the emission, respectively. Comparison of the two estimated emissions shows considerable differences; i.e., the tier 3 method over estimates Gwacheon-si's emission by 22.3% whereas it underestimates Anseong-si's greenhouse gas emission by the factor of about 3.5 compared to the emissions obtained from the tier 1 method. The result from this study implies that the traffic-sustainability-index based grade of each local government can be evaluated differently by the method adopted for measuring greenhouse gas emission.
A Study on development of Road Design Driver Characteristics based on Physio-Physiological Performance
Kim, Ju-Yeong ; Park, Min-Su ; Kim, Jeong-Ryong ; Jang, Myeong-Sun ;
Journal of Korean Society of Transportation, volume 29, issue 5, 2011, Pages 67~78
This paper analyzes the characteristics of drivers' workload observed from with 30 participant drivers with respect to two physio-physiological parameters. For investigating physio-physiological characteristics of road drivers, bio-signals from brain's occipital lobe between simulation experiment and real driving experiment are collected and analyzed. The major findings from the analysis are summarized as follows: First, the drivers' physio-physiological workload is a good parameter for explaining the workload characteristics of road drivers. Secondly, the two physio-physiological workload parameters selected, i.e., beta value and relative energy parameter, are revealed to be statistically significant. Thirdly, it is also revealed to be statistically significant to select 90 percentile measurements in simulator experiment to explain the road drivers' characteristics. Finally, the maximum workload of road design driver is 31.72 in beta parameter, whereas the minimum workload is 1.296 in relative energy parameter.
A Study on Construction of Roundabouts considering the Effects for Adjacent Intersections in Urban Network
Lee, Dong-Min ; Kim, Do-Hun ;
Journal of Korean Society of Transportation, volume 29, issue 5, 2011, Pages 79~89
Though many studies regarding roundabout have been recently conducted, most of them have focused on operational aspect. Moreover, majority of the previous researches analyzes operational effects of single roundabout, but seldom investigate the effects of multi-roundabouts constructed on road networks. In this study, we seek ways to construct multiple roundabouts on road network maximizing their operational effects. The analysis investigate influence of both adjacent signalized and unsignalized intersections as well as influence of the distance from those intersections to roundabouts. The results show that the optimal distance between two adjacent intersections were calculated to be 150m, and any two intersections located within 150m apart influence each other thus imposing operational restrictions on each other. In addition, those results are confirmed using simulation analysis conducted on the real urban network in Nonheon regional area, Incheon City.
An Empirical Study on Measures for reducing Drunk Driving exploiting Psychological Characteristics of Inveterate Drunk Drivers
Park, Won-Beom ; Jang, Seok-Yong ; Jeong, Heon-Yeong ;
Journal of Korean Society of Transportation, volume 29, issue 5, 2011, Pages 91~104
According to statistics, drunk drivers who repeatedly violate the DUI (Driving under influence) regulation have been continuously increased, and now the habitual drunk drivers become a societal problem. Employing a confirmative factorial analysis of structural equation model to analysis psychological characteristics of habitual drunk drivers and also seek countermeasures, this study identify the difference among three different groups of drivers: 1) sober drivers, 2) drivers with a DUI violation record, and 3) drivers with more than two records. The results of this study are as follows: First, remedies and educational contents to rectify drunk drivers can be differentiated according to their drunk driving records. Second, using defense mechanism (e.g., rationalization, projection, sublimation), drunk driving psychology (such e.g., sense of guilt, shame, embarrassment) and self-esteem (e.g., affirmation, denial) as theory variables, a Structural Equation is constructed to represent Psychological Characteristics of drunk driving according to records on drunk driving. Third, as a result of analysis of the Psychological Characteristics Model, measures for prevention and reduction of drunk driving suitable for the characteristics of respective group are also suggested. Forth, drunk driving measures based on drinking individuality are complemented by concurrence analysis on records of drunk driving records and National Alcoholism Screening Test (NAST) score. Also, two or more times recorded drunk drivers are classified as inveterate drunk drivers.
A Study of Calculation Methodology of Vehicle Emissions based on Driver Speed and Acceleration Behavior
Han, Dong-Hui ; Lee, Yeong-In ; Jang, Hyeon-Ho ;
Journal of Korean Society of Transportation, volume 29, issue 5, 2011, Pages 107~120
Traffic signal is one of the major factors that affect the amount of vehicle emissions on urban highway. The amount of vehicle emissions in urban area is highly affected by the vehicle's cruising speeds heavily influenced by the traffic signal lighting conditions. It was attempted in this study to trace the changing patterns of the vehicle emissions by collecting the emission data from a set of simulation studies and by categorizing vehicle cruising conditions into four different groups: idling, acceleration, deceleration, and running at a constant speed. Authors propose a simple emission model prepared based on Kinematic theory. The validation test results showed that the amount of the emission estimated by the proposed model was relatively satisfactory compared to the one of the existing model employing the average speed data only as the determinant.
A Simulation-Based Investigation of an Advanced Traveler Information System with V2V in Urban Network
Kim, Hoe-Kyoung ;
Journal of Korean Society of Transportation, volume 29, issue 5, 2011, Pages 121~138
More affordable and available cutting-edge technologies (e.g., wireless vehicle communication) are regarded as a possible alternative to the fixed infrastructure-based traffic information system requiring the expensive infrastructure investments and mostly implemented in the uninterrupted freeway network with limited spatial system expansion. This paper develops an advanced decentralized traveler information System (ATIS) using vehicle-to-vehicle (V2V) communication system whose performance (drivers' travel time savings) are enhanced by three complementary functions (autonomous automatic incident detection algorithm, reliable sample size function, and driver behavior model) and evaluates it in the typical
urban grid network with non-recurrent traffic state (traffic incident) with the varying key parameters (traffic flow, communication radio range, and penetration ratio), employing the off-the-shelf microscopic simulation model (VISSIM) under the ideal vehicle communication environment. Simulation outputs indicate that as the three key parameters are increased more participating vehicles are involved for traffic data propagation in the less communication groups at the faster data dissemination speed. Also, participating vehicles saved their travel time by dynamically updating the up-to-date traffic states and searching for the new route. Focusing on the travel time difference of (instant) re-routing vehicles, lower traffic flow cases saved more time than higher traffic flow ones. This is because a relatively small number of vehicles in 300vph case re-route during the most system-efficient time period (the early time of the traffic incident) but more vehicles in 514vph case re-route during less system-efficient time period, even after the incident is resolved. Also, normally re-routings on the network-entering links saved more travel time than any other places inside the network except the case where the direct effect of traffic incident triggers vehicle re-routings during the effective incident time period and the location and direction of the incident link determines the spatial distribution of re-routing vehicles.
A Study on Dynamic Change of Transportation Demand Using Seasonal ARIMA Model
Lee, Jae-Min ; Gwon, Yong-Jae ;
Journal of Korean Society of Transportation, volume 29, issue 5, 2011, Pages 139~155
This study is to estimate the dynamic change of the regional railway passenger traffic and, based on the estimated, to forecast the future regional railway passenger traffic by using the Seasonal ARIMA model. The existing studies using ARIMA failed to consider seasonality nor the monthly or the quarterly data. It was attempted in this study to use the monthly regional railway passenger traffic data to propose a model that estimates dynamic change of demand. The authors employed the Seasonal ARIMA model previously developed and used (1) the numbers of monthly passenger data and (2) the monthly passenger-km data. The test results showed that the numbers of passengers in 2015 and 2020 would increase by 36% and 71%, respectively, compared to those in 2008. The numbers of passenger-kms in 2015 and 2020 would increase by 25% and 78%, respectively, compared to those in 2008.
A Study on Bike Signal Operation Methods at Three-Legged Intersections
Heo, Hui-Beom ; Kim, Eung-Cheol ;
Journal of Korean Society of Transportation, volume 29, issue 5, 2011, Pages 157~167
Many problems, such as unexpected delay and collision with pedestrians or vehicles, occur generally at signalized intersections where bicycle users are frequently involved. These problems have hindered bicycle users from riding bicycles on urban highways. The aim of this study is to suggest proper traffic signal operation methods for safe and convenient highway crossing of bicycles. Three types of crossing methods at signalized intersections are proposed and analyzed: (1) indirect left turn, (2) direct left turn on an exclusive bicycle lane, and (3) direct left turn on a bicycle box. The VISSIM simulation tests were conducted based on fifty-four operation scenarios prepared by varying vehicle and bicycle traffic volumes. Both delay and the number of stops are used as the measures of effectiveness in the analysis. The results from the three-legged signalized intersections suggested that (1) the indirect left turn is appropriate when vehicle demand is high while bicycle demand is not, (2) direct left turn on an exclusive bicycle lane is appropriate when both vehicle and bicycle demands are high, and (3) direct left turn on a bicycle box is appropriate when both vehicle and bicycle demands are light.