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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
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Journal of Korean Society of Transportation
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Journal DOI :
Korean Society of Transportation
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Volume & Issues
Volume 32, Issue 6 - Dec 2014
Volume 32, Issue 5 - Oct 2014
Volume 32, Issue 4 - Aug 2014
Volume 32, Issue 3 - Jun 2014
Volume 32, Issue 2 - Apr 2014
Volume 32, Issue 1 - Feb 2014
Selecting the target year
A Study on Greenhouse Gas Emissions Estimation based on Mileage Through Accumulation of Activity Databases
Bae, Bo Ram ; Kim, Gyeong Seok ;
Journal of Korean Society of Transportation, volume 32, issue 1, 2014, Pages 1~12
DOI : 10.7470/jkst.2014.32.1.001
The tier 3 methodology used in estimation of greenhouse gas emissions from road sectors is based on mileage data. However, such data can neither accurately represent the mileage of regional unit nor have sufficient integrated data reflecting the characteristics by region, vehicle type, fuel type and road type. Such estimation of greenhouse gas emissions is not reliable. Accordingly, the purpose of this study is, firstly to accumulate activity data based on distance traveled which enables us to accurately estimate the amount of green gas emitted by regional unit(emission point), and secondly, to develop a methodology for estimation of greenhouse gas emissions using these data. To do this, the study utilizes the mileage data of Korea Transportation Safety Authority(TS), statistics of registered motor vehicles, statistical yearbook of traffic volume from the Ministry of Land, Infrastructure and Transport(MLIT), the Korea Transport Database of the Korea Transport Institute(KOTI), and average road speed by local government. Methodology for estimation by local government level(emission point) is meaningful, because it reflects traffic pattern data including flow in and out and internal traffics. Finally, to verify the methodology presented in this study, it is applied to Seoul. Both greenhouse gas estimates, one by multiplying the average mileage and the number of registered vehicles and the other by multiplying traffic volume and road extension, are less than the amount estimated by the methodology presented in this study.
An Impact of Gas Prices on Transit Demand Using a Time-series Analysis and a Regression Analysis
Lee, Kwang Sub ; Eom, Jin Ki ; Moon, Dae Seop ; Yang, Keun Yul ; Lee, Jun ;
Journal of Korean Society of Transportation, volume 32, issue 1, 2014, Pages 13~26
DOI : 10.7470/jkst.2014.32.1.013
Depending most of its energy sources on foreign countries, Korea efforts to reduce energy consumption in transportation. While studies on the relationship between gas price and transportation demand are many in number, most previous studies have focused on automobile and Seoul. This study analyzes the impact of gas price on transit (bus and subway) demand using monthly data and for various metropolitan areas (Seoul, Busan, Daejeon, Daegu and Gwangju). The research utilizes a time-series model and a multiple regression model, and calculates modal demand elasticities of gas price. The result shows that elasticities of subway demand with respect to gas price is higher than those of bus demand. In addition, elasticities of predominantly automobile cities are more likely to be more sensitive to gas price than those of cities with well-structured transit system.
A Comparative Study on the Travel Behavior of Residents by Housing Types and Implication Deduction for TOD Implementation
Lee, Kyu Jin ; Park, Kwan Hwee ; Choi, Keechoo ;
Journal of Korean Society of Transportation, volume 32, issue 1, 2014, Pages 27~38
DOI : 10.7470/jkst.2014.32.1.027
Recently, urban and transportation planning for Transit Oriented Development(TOD) has become a major issue. For the effective policy implementation of TOD, it is important to understand the travel behavior of residents in housing areas. In this study, we compared the travel behaviors of residents by housing types based on 'the 2010 Household Travel Survey Data' focusing on metropolitan areas. By building an estimation model for subway trip frequency by housing types, it was identified that the factors influencing subway trips and ultimately suggested implications to increase the use of the subway. The highest share of bus mode was for detached house residents with 22.8%, whereas the share of subway mode was highest by efficiency apartment residents with 17.5%. Walking distance to the subway from efficiency apartment and row house were verified as 661meters and 749meters. As the residents of each housing type have more cars and bicycles, their subway trips were decreased. It was also found that subway trips were increased when the population density of residence was high with good accessibility to subway stations and poor accessibility to bus service. In this study, the statistical findings to differentiate the planning factors of public transportation by housing types were also provided. The results of this study would be used for urban design considering the travel behaviors of residents by housing types and can also be utilized for promoting the patronage of public transportation. Some limitations and a future research agenda have also been discussed.
The Evaluation of Web Site Service Quality for Transportation Information
Byeon, Hyeonsu ;
Journal of Korean Society of Transportation, volume 32, issue 1, 2014, Pages 39~49
DOI : 10.7470/jkst.2014.32.1.039
The continuing growth of transportation and communication has resulted in the spread of transportation information interlocked with the Internet. General users are actively seeking web-based transportation information and are trying to apply it into their lives. Now the implementation of user-centered transportation information services are becoming the essential activity for pertinent companies or public institutions. In this paper the author tried to measure the quality of web sites featuring transportation information using the robust measurement tool called WebQual. In addition, the author investigated the relationship between the components of WebQual (usability, information quality, and interactivity) and satisfaction/intention to revisit. According to the results, WebQual had the effectiveness of confirming the service quality for the web sites of transportation information. Also the components of WebQual had positive influences on satisfaction and intention to revisit.
Effects of Drivers' Personality on Habitual Traffic Crashes Through the Truncated Poisson Model
Jang, Youn-Mi ; Kim, Do-Gyeong ;
Journal of Korean Society of Transportation, volume 32, issue 1, 2014, Pages 50~62
DOI : 10.7470/jkst.2014.32.1.050
The number of traffic accidents has been decreased since 2000; however, the downward trend of crash occurrence has been slower after 2006. A few decades ago, physical improvement projects such as alignment improvement and the installation of safety facilities were usually implemented to decrease the occurrence of traffic accidents, but the effects of physical improvement on safety have been gradually decreased. The main objective of this study is to identify how the drivers' characteristics affect and/or are related to traffic accidents. Most of previous works have focused on revealing the difference of the nature of the drivers between the drivers who have no experience and the drivers with experience of traffic accidents. This study tries to analyze the habitual accidents proneness through a survey of drivers' personalities for drivers who were involved in traffic accidents at least once. As a result, nine personality factors were found to be statistically significant: Neuroticism(N), Lie(L), Psychoticism* Neuroticism(PN), Psychoticism*Lie(PL), Extraversion*Lie(EL), Neuroticism*Lie(NL), Impulsiveness(IMP), Venturesomeness(VEN), Empathy(EMP). Among these factors, single character factors were found to increase accidents, whereas complex factors were found to decrease the occurrence of accidents.
Analysis of Commercial Bus Vehicle Collision Accidents
Han, Inhwan ;
Journal of Korean Society of Transportation, volume 32, issue 1, 2014, Pages 63~72
DOI : 10.7470/jkst.2014.32.1.063
In this paper, characteristics and types of vehicle accidents involving buses that differ from common passenger cars are analyzed. When heavy vehicles are involved in collision accidents, the external impulse conveyed through bus tire from road surface cannot be ignored, so the conventional rigid-body impact model cannot be applied. As a solution, an analysis model which directly considers the tire impulse or considers the bus as moving barrier has been proposed. Also, as there are many instances in which the location of contact point or coefficients related to rotational motion cannot be estimated, utilization of point-mass collision model has been sought. By applying the proposed analysis model to an actual accident case and comparing with the result of the conventional analysis which does not consider the tire impulse, it is shown that the velocity of bus and other values close to the actual amount can be obtained.
A Study on Marginal Effect of Geometric Structure on Freeway Accident Frequencies
Park, Min Ho ;
Journal of Korean Society of Transportation, volume 32, issue 1, 2014, Pages 73~81
DOI : 10.7470/jkst.2014.32.1.073
This study dealt with the impacts of geometric structure on traffic accidents occurring on the interstates. There are standard values for the case of geometric structure which are recommended in the design guideline/policy; however, in the previous models, geometric variables were adapted as integrated ones as opposed to mixed ones in the real world so that derived models had a weakness to reflect the real. Therefore, using subdivided geometric variables, this study tried to derive the model which reflects the real world. In addition, by calculating elasticity, each variables' effect to the accidents are estimated. Hopefully, this study will help to establish the future guideline/policy of geometrics considering traffic safety.