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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
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Journal of Korean Society of Transportation
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Journal DOI :
Korean Society of Transportation
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Volume & Issues
Volume 4, Issue 2 - Dec 1986
Volume 4, Issue 1 - Jul 1986
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Gap-Acceptance Behavior Model of Left-Turn Drivers.
Journal of Korean Society of Transportation, volume 4, issue 2, 1986, Pages 3~14
This study was undertaken to develop the gap acceptance model of left-turn drivers on the major road at intersections. Typical unsignalized intersections on the two-lane and four-lane streets in Masan City were selected for the study intersection. For the gap distribution model, the lognormal, negative exponential, shifted negative exponential, and Gamma distributions were tested using the x2 and K-S tests. Based on the results for both streets, it was concluded that among the distributions tested the lognormal distribution represented the gap distribution best, followed by the shifted negative exponential distribution. Stochastic models of the gap-acceptance behavior of left-turn drivers on the major road at unsignalized intersections were programmed using SLAM Ⅱ, a simulation computer language. A stochastic model was selected for the gap-acceptance behavior to compare the results of the simulation with the observed data. The model assumes that a fixed critical acceptance gap is assigned to each left-turn driver based on a normal distribution and the gap distribution of the opposing traffic stream follows the shifted negative exponential distribution.
A study on the parking characteristics and rational parking management tactics in large cities of Korea
Journal of Korean Society of Transportation, volume 4, issue 2, 1986, Pages 15~35
As the population of persons and automobiles rapidly grows, parking problems also grow in large cities of Korea. The purpose of this paper is to first grasp the status of parking facilities and characteristics in large cities of Korea; and introduce new directions of CBD parking policies in north America cities: and finally recommend the adequate parking management strategies and tactics for improving parking problems in Korea. For this purpose, field survey for parking inventories, patrol survey for parking usage as observed demand and drive interview survey for parking behavior were conducted. Compared with the parking characteristics and polices of foreign cities, many differences of characteristics were found, and existing parking management policies, which should be improved, were identified. Five categories of parking management strategies were set on; a) Reasonable control of CBD parking demand, b) securing of the public parking facilities c) Promotion of privately operated parking facilities d) expansion of financial resources for parking facilities construction and e) Improvement of existing parking management system. And actural seventeen tactics to attain the above strategies were recommended.
Study of Improvements to Expansion Methods of Sample O-D Survey Data and Synthesis of O-D Data
Journal of Korean Society of Transportation, volume 4, issue 2, 1986, Pages 37~58
Since 1960's there have been conducted quite numbers of origin and destination (0-D) surveys in Korea, Most of them, however, were to be said not so successful. In this paper, it was investigated that why the previous 0-D surveys were failed, and that how it could be improved. The findings of this study are: 1. The collection of sample data itself was performed relatively well, but the problem was in the improper expansion methods which were applied. 2. To improve the expansion methods, it should be performed not only the dwelling unit-based sample surveys but also commercial vehicle survey, cordon line survey, screen line counts and other auxiliary travel surveys like transit patronage survey, vehicle miles survey etc. at the same time. 3. To expand the sample surveyed data in a proper way, the adjustment factors should take a disaggregate form and also should be applied not to the specific trips, but to the specific trip makers to avoid the bias which could be caused by the application of adjustment factors in a way that has been used previously. 4. If there is no considerable change in travel patterns, we can synthesize the present 0-D data with past surveyed sample data, using present statistic data in the same way which was developed in this paper when expanding and adjusting sample data.
Applications of Computer Graphics for Transportation Studies
Journal of Korean Society of Transportation, volume 4, issue 2, 1986, Pages 59~72
The purposes of this paper are to review the concept and system structure of computer graphics and to discuss the applicability of computer graphics technique as an analysis tool in transportation studies. To do this, several applications of computer graphics used for analyzing and solving transportation system problems were described and illustrated. The results indicate that computer graphics are found to be powerful aids to the analysis and design of transportation systems that typically involve large data bases and several interacting components. The results also indicate that computer graphics can be a powerful tool for aiding planner, decision maker and citizen in making it easier to explain and interpret information through mapping and graphic display.
Guidelines for installing Traffic Signals at Diamond Interchanges
;Carroll J. Messer;
Journal of Korean Society of Transportation, volume 4, issue 2, 1986, Pages 75~92
The paper contains the data collection methods and procedures employed in the study to evaluate the operational effects of stop sign and signal control at diamond interchanges. An assessment of traffic control alternatives is described in terms of operational effects of queues and travel speed. Guidelines for installing signal control at diamond interchanges are provided in terms of internal volume, left turn proportion within internal volume, and the sum of internal and external volume. The specific traffic volume guidelines were developed based on a combination of these variables affecting operational performance.