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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
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Journal of Korean Society of Transportation
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Korean Society of Transportation
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Volume & Issues
Volume 5, Issue 1 - Feb 1987
Volume 5, Issue 2 - Jan 1987
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A Study on Optimal Traffic Signal Controls in Urban Street Networks
Journal of Korean Society of Transportation, volume 5, issue 1, 1987, Pages 3~23
Traffic signal control problems in urban street networks are formulated in two ways. In the formulations network flows are assumed to satisfy the user route choice criterion. the first formulation which is called implicit substiuation incorporates user route behavior implicitly in the objective function by recognizing the dependence of the link flows on the signal variables. On the other hands, the second one which is called 'penalty formulation' consists in expressing the route choice conditions in the form of a single nonlinear constraint. Approximate solution algorithm for each of the formulations was investigated in detail and computer codes were written to examine key aspects of each algorithm. A test was done on a network which is small in size but sufficiently complex in representing real-world traffic conditions and the test result shows that both algorithms produce converged solutions. It is recommended, however, that further studies should be done in order to compare the performance of each algorithm more in depth.
Limits of Logit Models in Transportation Policy Evaluation : Expected Utilities in Logit Models
Journal of Korean Society of Transportation, volume 5, issue 1, 1987, Pages 25~31
This article shows that, in the logit models, the(conditional) expected utility of the decision makers choosing an alternative is invariant across all alternatives. This property of the logit model implies that the logit model can not explain the distributional wealfare effects of a transportation policy (or transportation investment) among different alternatives, and thus the logit model is not proper for evaluating transportation policy in equity aspects.
Concepts and Measures of Accessibility
Journal of Korean Society of Transportation, volume 5, issue 1, 1987, Pages 33~46
The main purpose of this paper is to define the concepts and measures of accessibility used in various disciplines. To do this, a significant literature review was conducted particularly in fields of traffic engineering, transportation planning, urban economics, urban planning, and geography of transportation. The result indicates that each discipline uses the concept of accessibility in a slightly different perceptual framework and thus shows somewhat ambiguous definition. The result also indicates that accessibility should serve as a tool to integrate transportation planning into the other connected disciplines.
Multiobjective Transportation Infrastructure Development Problems on Dynamic Transportation Networks
Journal of Korean Society of Transportation, volume 5, issue 1, 1987, Pages 47~58
A commodity distribution problem with intertemporal storage facilities and dynamic transportation networks is proposed. mathematical integer programming methods and multiobjective programming techniques are used in the model formulation. Dynamic characteristics of commodity distribution problems are taken into account in the model formulation. storage facility location problems and transportation link addition problems are incorporated into the intertemporal multicommodity distribution problem. The model is capable of generating the most efficient and rational commodity distribution system. Therefore it can be utilized to provided the most effective investment plan for the transportation infrastructure development as well as to evaluate the existing commodity distribution system. The model determines simultaneously the most efficient locations, sizes, and activity levels of storage facilities as well as new highway links. It is extended to multiobjective planning situations for the purpose of generating alternative investment plans in accordance to planning situations. sine the investment in transportation network improvement yields w\several external benefits for a regional economy, the induced benefit maximization objective is incorporated into the cost minimization objective. The multiobjective model generates explicitly the trade-off between cost savings and induced benefits of the investment in transportation network improvement.
YSIM for City and Regional Planning
Journal of Korean Society of Transportation, volume 5, issue 1, 1987, Pages 59~74
A prediction is an indispensable element to research of Social Science, especially in Regional planning, City planning, and Transportation planning. Since 1930s, varieties of prediction methods have been developed. In the 1980s, numerical models have been used by high-developed computers. even though the numerical models can be figured mathematically, it could not be applied practically due to it's expertness and complicateness. And even professional planners often can not use their ideas which are valuable experiences in prediction process, because they are not knowledgable for numerical models. The YSIM developed by author, is available as follows. i)Numerical modeling of professional experiences ii)Providing a foundation of large-scale model iii) Understanding of research object structure The YSIM make use of matrix to identify the system structure which is similar to the Cross Impact Method. To evaluated the YSIM availabilities, it is compared with the early developed methodologies such as KSIM, QSIM, and SPIN. As the result, it was confirmed that YSIM was more accurate in the prediction. The algorithms in YSIM is programmed for use of PCs.
The Theoretical Study on the Functions of Urban Space for Pedestrians
Journal of Korean Society of Transportation, volume 5, issue 1, 1987, Pages 75~83
The modernistic rationalism which thinks much of the mathematical rationality and economic efficiency is widely spread in Korea economic planning, urban planning, urban transportation planning, and the like. As a result the demands to humanity, amanity, and so on have been disregarded in the name of rationality in urban spatial organization, the typical examples, one of the pedestrian space. The pedestrian space which is passed over easily from the view point of the modernistic rationalism, is actually the space that should be reflected abundantly in urban space. The author emphasized a need of reconsideration on the position of pedestrian space in urban spatial planning process, and adopted the theoretical research on the functions and roles of pedestrian space. In consequence of this study the functions of pedestrian space are considered : the first, the function as a space for moving, the second, the function as a space for buffer. the third, the function as a space for intermediation. the fourth, the function as a space for urban daily life. the fifth, the function as new urban environment-making factor.
A Study on the Development of International Multimodal Transport System in Korea in Terms of Systems Approach
Journal of Korean Society of Transportation, volume 5, issue 1, 1987, Pages 85~99
The transport a administration in Korea is meeting demands of developing international multimodal transport system. In the past, as Korea transport policy has been emphasizing on the passenger traffic, the physical distribution sector is far behind international trend. Regarding the urging necessities of reducting costs in transport in order to upgrade the competitive edge of industries, Korea has to develop the most efficient transport system so called international multimodal transport system. The existing transport system is inefficient because each transport mode is separate, so this system is aiming at reducing cost and time and developing freight transport. The scope and scheme of this thesis should be as following. Chapter 2. Systems Approach of International multimodal transport 1. general systems theory 2. definition of International multimodal transport system 3. MTO (multimodal transport operator) Chapter 3. Current Situation and Problems of this System. 1. international law and practice 2.current situation A. Europe B. U.S. C. Japan D. Korea Chapter 4. Policy Goal for Improving this System Chapter 5. conclusion