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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
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Journal of Korean Society of Transportation
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Korean Society of Transportation
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Volume & Issues
Volume 6, Issue 2 - Apr 1988
Volume 6, Issue 1 - Feb 1988
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Optimal Network Design with Hooke-and-Jeeves Algorithm
Journal of Korean Society of Transportation, volume 6, issue 1, 1988, Pages 5~16
Development is given to an optimal network design method using continuous design variables. Modified Hooke-and-Jeeves algorithm is implemented in order to solve nonlinear programming problem which is approximately equivalent to the real network design problem with system efficiency crieteria and improvement cost as objective function. the method was tested for various forms of initial solution, and dimensions of initial step size of link improvements. At each searching point of evaluating the objective function, a link flow problem was solved with user equilibrium principles using the Frank-Wolfe algorithm. The results obtained are quite promising interms fo numbers of evaluation, and the speed of convergence. Suggestions are given to selections of efficient initial solution, initial step size and convergence criteria. An approximate method is also suggested for reducing computation time.
An Empirical Analysis of the Behavior of Weaving Traffic in a Freeway Weaving Section
Journal of Korean Society of Transportation, volume 6, issue 1, 1988, Pages 17~31
In this research, the behavior of weaving traffic is studied in terms of lane-changing behavior and gap acceptance characteristics. General trends in lane-changing behavior and gap acceptance characteristics are investigated by analyzing descriptive statistics and the factors affecting weaving behavior are determined by means of the multiple linear regression analysis. The results of analysis show that the behavior of weaving traffic is generally similar to that in a basic freeway section and an on- or of- ramp section. Traffic density and speed appear to be better parameters than traffic volume for explaining the behavior of weaving traffic. For the same purpose, using the traffic conditions of the origin and the destination lanes are found to be more effective than using the average traffic conditions of the freeway. A detailed analysis of the gap acceptance characteristics of late merging vehicles shows that there is no significant difference between the size of gaps accepted by late merging vehicles and that accepted by early merging vehicles.
Datalog Information System을 이용한 도로선형설계 및 안전분석기법
Journal of Korean Society of Transportation, volume 6, issue 1, 1988, Pages 33~41
The Wisconsin Department of Transportation currently has a Datalog Information System which facilitates the collection of geometric characteristics at every 0.01 mile high way section. The objectives of this study are to develop the plan and profile drawing of a highway section utilizing the Datalog Information system and to develop a methodology of investigating the safety aspects associated with the highway section being considered. For this purpose, two of the highway design elements, the minimum stoping sight distance as well as passing sight distance based on the AASHTO requirements, were applied in this study. A computer program was also developed to facilitate the data processing activity. The results from the computer program and from a manual analysis which adopted the identical methodology used in the computer program were in a good agreement. a few discrepancies between the two results were due to the data collection error and they were believed to be negligible. Using the computerized methodology developed in this study one does not need the plan and profile drawing to investigate the safety of a highway section, which appears to be an essential progress to the Computer Aided design and Draft in highway engineering field.
A Study on Estimating Techniques of Road Traffic Capacity
Journal of Korean Society of Transportation, volume 6, issue 1, 1988, Pages 43~53
This study is to find the proper method of estimating urban road traffic capacity. To estimate road traffic capacity, the following methods are chosen ; 1) crossing point of Q-V and S-V, 2) critical velocity and density of Q-V-K model, 3) V-K model with density parameter. The density estimated through S-V relation is 174 veh./km. The methods used in this paper yields more stable values with 2286 veh./h/ in average. The estimated average capacity by three methods are 2272 veh./h. in multilane road. 2411 veh./h in three lane road and 2185 veh./h. in two lane road.
A Study on TRANSYT Model-embedded Parameters
Journal of Korean Society of Transportation, volume 6, issue 1, 1988, Pages 55~64
Prior to using any computer model, the program-embedded palameters showing significant differences from real world should be calibrated. This is especially true when the model is expected to be used fro various roadway and traffic condition. The calibration of TRANSYT model was conducted for the parameters of start-up delay, and lag, stop penalty(K), platoon dispersion factor, and saturation flow rate. The values of the parameters were obtained by theoretical methods from actual field measurements for discharging and arrival pattern. The sites elected for the study was an intersection of Dongil-Ro and Hwarang-Ro, and a 334 meter downstrean section from the intersection stop line on westbound Hwarang-Ro. The study results showed that the start-up delay was 2.6 sec, end lag was 1.0 sec, saturation flow rate was 2287 pcphgpl, platoon dispersion factor was 0.2-03, and stop penalty(K) was 32. However, since these parameters re apt to depend on traffic and roadway condition, it is doubtful whether the obtained values will be applicable to the area-wide situation other than this particular site.