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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
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Journal of Korean Society of Transportation
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Korean Society of Transportation
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Volume & Issues
Volume 9, Issue 2 - Apr 1991
Volume 9, Issue 1 - Feb 1991
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A Theoretical Study on Passenger Car Eguivalent Factors
Journal of Korean Society of Transportation, volume 9, issue 2, 1991, Pages 5~26
Concepts of passenger car equivalent(PCE) based on various philosophies is reviewed. The headway method is redefined in two ways namely a macroscopic headway method and a microscopic headway method of which the concepts are confused in literature. As definition of the microscopic headway method is from intuitive approach so theoretical basis for this method is explained in connection with the macroscopic headway method. In addition new classification and evaluation of complicated existing theories was conducted to make the reader understand more easily.
Singnalized Intersection Delay Model
Journal of Korean Society of Transportation, volume 9, issue 2, 1991, Pages 27~40
Delay is an widely-used tool for evaluating the operation of signalized intersections. This paper presents two mathematical models: a model converting stop delay into approach delay : and a model estimating delay at isolated signalized intersection. To develop the delay-conversion model, actual stop delay and approach delay experienced by individual vehicles were measured and then their relationship was formulated using ma-thematical procedure. the formula expressing the approach-delay to stop-delay ratio was a monotonously decreasing function of effective red time. New delay model was developed based on the following criteria; the fitness to measured delay for undersaturated traffic condition and the convergence to the deterministic overflow delay for oversaturated traffic condition. Performance of this model was better than those of other existing models based on the comparison study.
Design and Installations of Road Lighting for Arterial Roads to Provide the Optimal Values of Light Technical Parameters
Journal of Korean Society of Transportation, volume 9, issue 2, 1991, Pages 41~56
The aim of this research is designing road lighting installations(arrangement, mounting height spacing and overhang) which produce a certain level and distribution of luminance together with minimal glare. These can be varied over a limited range for a given luminance and road surface to achieve the required installation performance. In Korea there are no code of practice which lays down recommended performance criteria (Lavg, Uo, Ul, G, TI) with practical design guidance on how to achieve them. In case study design rules and current installation of road lighting in daegu city are analysed. The core of research are suggesting a new performance criteria and providing a set of table giving the maximum lognitudinal spacing between successive luminaires. The result of this research prescribes the combination of height and spacing for various road widths and arrangements which will achieve a specified minimum performance on straigt roads for particular luminaire and a particular road surf-ace.
The Recent Trend in the World Air Transport Market and a Two-Airline Policy in Korea
Journal of Korean Society of Transportation, volume 9, issue 2, 1991, Pages 57~74
Deregulation privatization regionalism and globalization are the specific examples of the recent trends in the world air transport market. As encouraged by the international trends and the domestic policy of promoting market mechanism Korean has been driving a two-airline policy since 1989. But due to the absence of experience and philosophy about the airline co-mpetition both Korean government and the two airlines have been criticized for failing to set fair-competition rules and for struggling to secure air service rights regardless of national interest. Therefore this study shows the costs and benefits of a two-airline policy in a small count-ry reviews the empirical studies about the cost structure of American and Canadian airlines and analyzes the economic consequences of allocating air service rights between two airlines. The policy recommendations are (1) removing government restrictions and expanding ai-rport facilities to develop the domestic market (2) retaining the two-airline policy in the in-ternational market (3) increasing traffic density rather than expanding network for the small airline (4) improving comparative advantage through a global alliance and a technological innovation for the big airline and (5) building an official committee for co-ordinating the two airlines' interests.
A Study of New Analytical Models for Railway Track System
Journal of Korean Society of Transportation, volume 9, issue 2, 1991, Pages 75~86
A conventional track structure system of rails ties ballast subballast and subgrade. An adequate engineering analysis require consideration of all major components of track system. This paper briefly reviews existing methods of track analysis and presents a new model based of the examination of the Tallbot Model. The new model has been validated by comparision with settlements from other model.
The Land Use-Transportation Model with Taste Heterogeneity
Journal of Korean Society of Transportation, volume 9, issue 2, 1991, Pages 87~100
Study on Analysis of Driver's Visual Characteristics in Road Traffic and its Applications
Journal of Korean Society of Transportation, volume 9, issue 2, 1991, Pages 101~120
The Subject of this research work is to study the driver's vision and eye-movement ch-aracteristics under the diffrent condiction of road traffic and driving. The analysis of this investigation was conducted spatially or temporaly into three parts'eye-mark distribution, viewing-time percentage and fixation duration. This dissertation focuses on analysis of dr-iver's visual characteristics to improve road circumstamces. In this study driver's ch-aracteristics are measured with eye-mark recorder and analyzed statistically The main features of this study are : 1st Duration distribution of fixation point is significant in 87% at 5% of the significant level in Gamma Distribution. The average of fixation duration by road are 0.33sec on streets 0.45sec on Roads and 0.86sec on highways. The average of fixation duration by visual objects are 0.4sec on road surface 0.26sec on road shoulder 0.49sec on traffic sign 0.37sec on warning sign and 0.67sex on gwide sign. 2st Moving anglrs of a fixation point are fit in the Exponential Distribution. The average moving angle is appeared to be 3.85。 on streets 2.81。 on roads 2.73。 on highway and 5 。 on intersecyion. 3st As a result of examining alignment of guide and warning sign in traffic signs cxisting foundation methods are less affected by lane than by apeed of a vehicle.
Development of an Efficient Solution Method for the Wilson's Trip Distribution Model
Journal of Korean Society of Transportation, volume 9, issue 2, 1991, Pages 121~126
Wilson made an importent contribution to develop a trip distribution model with the general form of gravity model which is an entropy maximization program. Also Wilson suggested a technique which is called the "iterative balancing method" for soving the model. This te-chnique however is not stable to find solution because it is a heuristic method and sometimes does not converge to the correct solution. In this paper a new solution method using a numerical method for solving the non-linear simultaneous equation system is developed and evaluated in both computers VAX 8700 and PC/AT 286 The result of this method and Wilson's method are compared with each other. Wilson's method resulted in inferior solutions measured by the final norm of residuals.
ESTIMATION OF THE CONGESTION PROBABLITY ON A TREE-TYPE TRANSPORATATION NETWORK BY IMPORTANCE SAMPLING
Journal of Korean Society of Transportation, volume 9, issue 2, 1991, Pages 127~134
Parking Plan for Areas not Equipped with Infrastructures -Parking Lot Information and Guiding System Using Shot Gun Method-
Journal of Korean Society of Transportation, volume 9, issue 2, 1991, Pages 135~144
In recent years parking problems have been rapidly highlighted. Particularly on-street parking has become a very serious problem so an immediate action needs to be taken to resolve this problem. On-steet parking is attributable not only to insufficient capacity of parking lots but also to the facts that must of the parking lots are far away from the destinations to which drivers intend to go and that their locations are unclear. The effect of on-street parking is so great as to cause road traffic problems such as traffic jam and danger to road safety as well as to lead to obstructing business activities resulting in a decline of commercial areas. Therefore on-street parking is an important problem for a city as a whole. In this paper I have investigated a parking lot information and guiding system as one of the techniques to resolve the on-street parking problem and have clarified the effect of introducing this system and necessary conditions for implementing an optimum information and guiding system. Moreover I have pointed out the problems to be encountered in imp-lementing such system in areas not equipped with infrastructures taking into account the road conditions in these areas and have stated that it would be necessary to develop a new idea of information and guiding system in order to overcome these problems. I have suggested a Shot Gun Method as a proposal and have discussed extensibility of this method in the future.