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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
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Journal of Korean Society of Environmental Engineers
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Journal DOI :
Korean Society of Environmental Engineering
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Volume & Issues
Volume 32, Issue 12 - Dec 2010
Volume 32, Issue 11 - Nov 2010
Volume 32, Issue 10 - Oct 2010
Volume 32, Issue 9 - Sep 2010
Volume 32, Issue 8 - Aug 2010
Volume 32, Issue 7 - Jul 2010
Volume 32, Issue 6 - Jun 2010
Volume 32, Issue 5 - May 2010
Volume 32, Issue 4 - Apr 2010
Volume 32, Issue 3 - Mar 2010
Volume 32, Issue 2 - Feb 2010
Volume 32, Issue 1 - Jan 2010
Selecting the target year
Environmental Market Entry Strategy of Brazil
Lee, Sang-Yong ;
Journal of Korean Society of Environmental Engineers, volume 32, issue 6, 2010, Pages 531~538
Significant Environmental Opportunities in Colombia
Cho, Young-A ; Oh, Hyun-Rae ;
Journal of Korean Society of Environmental Engineers, volume 32, issue 6, 2010, Pages 539~546
A Study on the Oxidative Transformation of Quinone Compound using Nanostructured Black-birnessite
Harn, Yoon-I ; Choi, Chan-Kyu ; Shin, Hyun-Sang ;
Journal of Korean Society of Environmental Engineers, volume 32, issue 6, 2010, Pages 547~554
In this study, new manganese oxide (i.e., black-birnessite) particles with nanostructures were prepared and its physico-chemical properties and oxidative-transformation efficiency on 1,4-naphthoquinine(1,4-NPQ) in the presence of reactive mediator was investigated. The results were also compared with that of the manganese oxide (i.e., brown-birnessite) particles synthesized by classical McKenzie method. Analysis of XRD and SEM data show that the particles are a single phase corresponding to a birnessite-based manganese oxide with cotton ball-like shapes containing nanofibers. In batch experiments, removals of 1,4-NPQ by the black-birnessite follows pseudo-first-order kinetics and the rate constant values obtained are greater about 2.3 times than that of the brown-birnessite in spite of its lower surface area (41.0 vs 19.80
). The results can be explained by the higher crystallinity and nano structured features of the back-birnessite particles, which give higher reactivity for the removals of the quinone compound. HPLC analysis of the reaction products confirmed that the balck-birnessites removed 1,4-NPQ through cross-coupling reaction in the presence of catechol as a reactive mediator.
A New Methodology of Measuring Water Toxicity using Sulfur Oxidizing Bacteria
Oh, Sang-Eun ;
Journal of Korean Society of Environmental Engineers, volume 32, issue 6, 2010, Pages 555~562
For the rapid and reliable detection of toxic compounds in water, a novel toxicity detection methodology based on sulfur-oxidizing bacteria (SOB) has been developed. The methodology exploits the ability of SOB to oxidize elemental sulfur to sulfuric acid in the presence of oxygen. The reaction results in an increase in electrical conductivity (EC) and a decrease in pH. Using a synthetic stream water (EC=0.12 mS/cm and pH=7.2), the baseline steady-state EC and pH values were 0.5~1.2 mS/cm and ~2.5 over 7 days of testing at HRT 30 minutes. When nitrite compounds were added to the system, the effluent EC decreased and the pH increased due to the inhibition of the SOB. Optimum HRT was 30 min and this HRT could be decresed by using smaller sulfur particles.
A Strategy for Improving the Sewerage Systems of Two Rural Areas in Gyeonggi Province
Moon, Chul-Hwan ; Ahn, Ji-Hoon ; Jang, Mi-Jeong ; Lee, Sang-Hyup ; Cho, Young-Moo ; Kim, Yun-Je ;
Journal of Korean Society of Environmental Engineers, volume 32, issue 6, 2010, Pages 563~580
In 2009 the Korea Ministry of Environment announced 'A Comprehensive Plan for the Improvement of Sewer Service in Rural Area' aiming at reduction of the sewer service gap between urban and rural areas as well as improvement in the residential environment of the rural area. According to the plan, the sewer system supply rate for the rural area is expected to reach up to 75% until 2015 with the budget of 4.7 trillion won (Korean currency). It is not certain, however, that the increase in the sewer system supply rate will accompany improvement of water quality in receiving water because several veiled problems that can occur in small-scale sewer treatment plants are poorly addressed in the plan. In this study, those issues for the small-scale sewer treatment plants and their solutions were discussed based on a case study in which we investigated 19 treatment facilities at two rural regions in Gyeonggi province. This study also included strategies useful for the plan. From the results of investigation, some problems, e.g., high hourly variations but low in flowrates and low mass loading were commonly identified. Although operation parameters in sewer treatment plants require to be modified depending on the mass loading, most of the plants were operated with the initial design parameters which causes the decrease of removal efficiency. In the intensive diagnosis, we arranged and applied solutions (e.g., flow equalization, air on/off time control, etc) to the two selected plants and found out improvement of effluent water quality, especially organic matters (COD and SS) and T-N with better denitrification performance.
Fundamental Studies on the Characteristics of the Surface Electrokinetic Behavior of Particulate Matter as an Extensive Property
O, Se-Jin ; Kim, Dong-Su ;
Journal of Korean Society of Environmental Engineers, volume 32, issue 6, 2010, Pages 581~586
Generally, electrokinetic potential has been considered as an intensive property. In other words, electrokinetic potential is not affected by the amount of particulate matter. Montmorillonite, one of essential inorganic matter, was chosen to measure electrokinetic potential. The result of electrokinetic potential measuring experiment showed that the value observed to decrease as the amount of montmorillonite clay increased. This is due to the fact that total ions that adsorbed per unit mass were decreased as the amount of montmorillonite was increased. As a result, electrokinetic potential is considered as an extensive property. By using these results, total interaction energy of suspension was also checked, and revealed that total interaction energy was decreased as the amount of montmorillonite increased.
A numerical study of the air fuel ratio effect on the combustion characteristics in a MILD combustor
Ha, Ji-Soo ; Kim, Tae-Kwon ; Shim, Sung-Hoon ;
Journal of Korean Society of Environmental Engineers, volume 32, issue 6, 2010, Pages 587~592
A numerical analysis of reactive flow in a MILD(Moderate and Intense Low oxygen Dilution) combustor is accomplished to elucidate the characteristics of combustion phenomena in the furnace with the variation of air fuel ratio. For the smaller magnitude of air injection velocity(10 m/s), the air flow could not penetrate toward upper part of furnace. On the other hand, the air flow suppresses the fuel flow for the case of air injection velocity 30 m/s. The air velocity 18 m/s is corresponding to the stoichiometric air flow velocity, and for that case, the air flows to relatively more upper part of the furnace when compared with the case of air injection velocity 10 m/s. The reaction zone is produced with the previous flow pattern, so that the reaction zone of the air injection velocity 10 m/s is biased to the air nozzle side and for the case of air injection velocity 30 m/s, the reaction zone is inclined to the fuel nozzle side. For the cases with the air injection velocities 16, 18, 20 m/s, the reaction zone is nearly located at the center between air nozzle and fuel nozzle. The maximum temperatures and NOx concentrations for the cases of air injection velocity 16, 18, 20 m/s are lower than the cases with air injection velocity 10, 30 m/s. From the present study, the stoichiometric air fuel ratio is considered as the most optimal operating condition for the NOx reduction.
dosage, pH and Treated Water Recirculation on Fluoride Removal in Treating Semiconductor Wastewater with Fluidized bed Reactor (FBR)
An, Myeong-Ki ; Kim, Jin-Sik ; Kim, Keum-Yong ; Ryu, Hong-Duck ; Lee, Sang-Ill ;
Journal of Korean Society of Environmental Engineers, volume 32, issue 6, 2010, Pages 593~598
The optimum condition for fluoride removal, water content reduction, and
purity was determined in treating semiconductor waste water in which ammonia nitrogen, phosphorus, and fluoride are existed simultaneously using a fluidized bed reactor. Effects of pH, seed dosage, and recirculation of treated water were investigated through lab-scale experiments. Considering fluoride removal, sludge purity, and water content, that pH 5 and seed dose of 150 g were found to be optimum. Correspondingly, removal of fluoride and phosphate (
-P) was 94.24% and 8.97%, respectively, with water content ratio of 12.94%. Increase in an amount of seed dosage not only enhance fluoride removal efficiency, but also buffer fluoride removal-reducing effect due to the variation of recirculation ratio of treated water and pH.
The Effect of Fumed Silica on Nitrate Reduction by Zero-valent Iron
Cho, Dong-Wan ; Jeon, Byong-Hun ; Kim, Yong-Je ; Song, Ho-Cheol ;
Journal of Korean Society of Environmental Engineers, volume 32, issue 6, 2010, Pages 599~608
The effect of silica(fumed) on nitrate reduction by zero-valent iron(ZVI) was studied using batch experiment. The reduction of nitrate was tested in three different aqueous media including de-ionized water, artificial groundwater and real groundwater contaminated by nitrate. Kinetics of nitrate reduction in groundwater were faster than those in de-ionized water, and first-order rate constant(
) of ZVI/silica(fumed) process was about 2.5 time greater than that of ZVI process in groundwater. Amendment of Silica(fumed) also decreased ammonium presumably through adsorption on silica surface. The pHs in all processes increased due to oxidation of ZVI, but the increase was lower in groundwater due to buffering capacity of groundwater. The result also showed amount of reduced nitrate increased as initial nitrate concentration increased in groundwater. Separate adsorption isotherm experiments indicated that fumed silica itself had some degree of adsorption capacity for ammonium. The overall results indicated that silica(fumed) might be a promising material for enhancing nitrate reduction by ZVI.
Bioethanol production using batch reactor from foodwastes
Lee, Jun-Cheol ; Kim, Jae-Hyung ; Park, Hong-Sun ; Pak, Dae-Won ;
Journal of Korean Society of Environmental Engineers, volume 32, issue 6, 2010, Pages 609~614
In the present study, bioethanol was produced using batch style reactor from food wastes which has organic characteristics. Pretreatment was required to reduce its particle size and produce fermentable sugar. Two different enzymes such as carbohydrase and gulcoamylase were tested for saccharification of food waste. The efficiency of carbohydrase saccharification (0.63 g/g-TS) has shown higher than glucoamylase saccharification(0.42 g/g-TS). Saccharomyces cerevisiae produced bioethanol via separate hydrolysis & fermentation (SHF) method and simultaneous saccharification fermentation (SSF) method. The production amount of bioethanol was 0.27 g/
for SHF and 0.44 g/
Detection of Synthetic Musk Compounds (SMCs) in Nakdong River Basin
Seo, Chang-Dong ; Son, Hee-Jong ; Lee, In-Seok ; Oh, Jeong-Eun ;
Journal of Korean Society of Environmental Engineers, volume 32, issue 6, 2010, Pages 615~624
The aims of this study were to investigate and confirm the occurrence and distribution patterns of synthetic musk compounds (SMCs) in Nakdong river basin (mainstream and its tributaries). 4 (HHCB, AHTN, AHMI and ADBI) out of 6 polycyclic musk compounds (PMCs) and 1 (musk xylene, MX) out of 5 nitro musk compounds (NMCs) were detected in 29 sampling sites and HHCB (>50%) was predominant compound followed by musk ketone (MK) and AHTN. The total concentration levels of SMCs on February 2009 and on September 2009 in surface water samples ranged from N.D. to 2147 ng/L and N.D. to 1386 ng/L, respectively. The highest concentration level of SMCs in the mainstream and tributaries in Nakdong river were Goryeong and Jincheon-cheon, respectively. The sewage treatment plants (STPs) along the river affect the SMCs levels in river and the SMCs levels decreased with downstream because of dilution effects.
Effect of Activated Carbon and Diatomite on Deodorant Efficiency of Recycled Fly Ash Panel
Kim, Min-Ho ; Kim, Young-Kyu ; Han, Kenneth N. ; Kim, Se-Jung ; Kim, Nam-Soo ; Hong, Seong-Yeup ; Han, Hyea-Chul ;
Journal of Korean Society of Environmental Engineers, volume 32, issue 6, 2010, Pages 625~630
This study aims to examine the possible use of heavy oil fly ash as raw material for deodorization panels by adding additives such as activated carbon and diatomite during deodorization panel manufacturing process and improving the performance of formaldehyde and toluene elimination.The recycled heavy oil flyash deodorization panel to be used either of them as additives removed more than 93% of formaldehyde and more than 97% of toluen but the compressive strength was decreased 27 to 63%. In an experiment to be used both additives, Whereas, the panel to include activated carbon 5% and diatomite 5% removed 84% against formaldehyde and 96% against toluen, and the compressive strength was increased 32% better than standard panel. Therefore it could be confirmed that the recycled heavy oil flyash deodorization panel is increased the compressive strength and the removal efficiency against harmful chemical substances by using the additives mixture.
Stabilization of As (arsenic(V) or roxarsone) Contaminated Soils using Zerovalent Iron and Basic Oxygen Furnace Slag
Lim, Jung-Eun ; Kim, Kwon-Rae ; Lee, Sang-Soo ; Kwon, Oh-Kyung ; Yang, Jae-E ; Ok, Yong-Sik ;
Journal of Korean Society of Environmental Engineers, volume 32, issue 6, 2010, Pages 631~638
The objective of this study was to evaluate the efficiency of zerovalent iron and basic oxygen furnace slag on arsenic stabilization in soils. For this, arsenic (V) contaminated soil and roxarsone contaminated soil were incubated after incorporation with zerovalent iron (ZVI) or basic oxygen furnace slage (BOFS) at four different levels (0%, 1%, 3%, and 5%) for 30 days and then the residual concentrations of arsenic were analysed following extraction with aqua reqia, 1N HCl and 0.01 M
. The total concentration of arsenic was 2,285 mg/kg in the As(V) contaminated soil and 6.5 mg/kg in the roxarsone contaminated soil. 1 N HCl extractable arsenic concentration in the As(V) contaminated soil was initially 1,351 mg/kg and this was significantly declined by 713~1,034 mg/kg following incubation with ZVI while BOFS treatment showed no effect on the stabilization of inorganic arsenate except 5% treatment which showed around 100 mg/kg reduction in 1N HCl extractable arsenic. Similarly, in the roxarsone contaminated soil 1N HCl extractable concentration of arsenic was reduced from 3.13 mg/kg to 0.69 mg/kg with ZVI treatment increased from 1% to 5% while BOFS treatment did not lead to any statistically significant reduction. Available (0.01M
extractable) arsenic was initially 0.85 mg/kg in the As(V) contaminated soil and this declined by 0.79 mg/kg following incorporation with 5% ZVI, which accounted for more than 90% of the available As in the control. When As(V)-contaminated soil was treated with BOFS, the available arsenic was increased due to competing effect of the phosphate originated from BOFS with arsenate for the adsorption sites. For the roxarsone contaminated soil, the greater the treatment of ZVI or BOFS, the lower the available arsenic concentration although it was still higher than that of the control.
HPLC-MS/MS Detection and Sonodegradation of Bisphenol A in Water
Park, Jong-Sung ; Yoon, Yeo-Min ; Her, Nam-Guk ;
Journal of Korean Society of Environmental Engineers, volume 32, issue 6, 2010, Pages 639~648
The optimal conditions for the analysis of BPA by HPLC-MS/MS was investigated and the ultrasound degradation capacity of the BPA, with the goal to establish the proper directions for analyzing infinitesimal quantities of BPA by HPLC-MS/MS was examined. The MDL and LOQ of BPA analyzed by HPLC-MS/MS were measured 0.13 nM and 1.3 nM respectively, its sensitivity about 620 and 32 times greater than HPLC-UV (MDL: 81.1 nM, LOQ: 811 nM) and FLD (MDL: 4.6 nM, LOQ: 46 nM). In other words, the new method enables the analysis of BPA with the accuracy up to one 1,180th of the amount specified in U.S. EPA guideline for drinking water. Degradation rate of BPA by ultrasound measured over 95% under 580 kHz and 1000 kHz frequency within 30 minutes of treatment, whereas the rate showed some decrease at 28 kHz frequency. At 580 kHz of ultrasound has proven to be the most effective among others at degradation rate and
value, so we concluded that this frequency of ultrasound creates hospitable condition for the combined process of degradation by pyrolysis and oxidization. With the addition of 0.01 mM of
, BPA with the initial concentration of 1
was degraded by more than 98% within 30 minutes, the
value measured 5 minutes and 30 minutes into the experiment both showed increases by 1.4 and 1.1 times, respectively, compared with BPA without
. It is also found that the main degradation mechanism of BPA by ultrasound is oxidization process by OH radical, based on the fact that the addition of 10 mM of t-BuOH decreased the rate of BPA degradation by around 60%. However, 33% of BPA degradation rate obtained with the addition of t-BuOH implies further degradation done by pyrolysis or other sorts of radical beside OH radical.