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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
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The Transactions of The Korean Institute of Electrical Engineers
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The Korean Institute of Electrical Engineers
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Volume & Issues
Volume 62, Issue 12 - Dec 2013
Volume 62, Issue 11 - Nov 2013
Volume 62, Issue 10 - Oct 2013
Volume 62, Issue 9 - Sep 2013
Volume 62, Issue 8 - Aug 2013
Volume 62, Issue 7 - Jul 2013
Volume 62, Issue 6 - Jun 2013
Volume 62, Issue 5 - May 2013
Volume 62, Issue 4 - Apr 2013
Volume 62, Issue 3 - Mar 2013
Volume 62, Issue 2 - Feb 2013
Volume 62, Issue 1 - Jan 2013
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A Development of Inequality Constrained Algorithm and Applying to Power System Analysis
Yang, Minuk ; Kim, Kern-Joong ;
The Transactions of The Korean Institute of Electrical Engineers, volume 62, issue 10, 2013, Pages 1349~1353
DOI : 10.5370/KIEE.2013.62.10.1349
The optimal analysis has objective functions, equality constraint functions and inequality functions. Objective functions may be used with inequality function, because occasionally variables are moved to non-analytic condition with calculating objective functions. But inequality constraint functions are very complicated problem in a optimal analysis. this paper suggest a method to solve inequality constraint functions.
A Study on Optimal Sequential Reclosing to Improve Transient Stability in Transmission System
Gwon, Gi-Hyeon ; Oh, Yun-Sik ; Park, Ji-Kyung ; Jo, Kyu-Jung ; Sohn, Seung-Hyun ; Kim, Chul-Hwan ;
The Transactions of The Korean Institute of Electrical Engineers, volume 62, issue 10, 2013, Pages 1354~1360
DOI : 10.5370/KIEE.2013.62.10.1354
In transmission system, reclosing scheme is very useful method to improve continuity of power supply and reliability of system. Especially, high speed reclosing which is used generally in transmission systems has a benefit improving transient stability. However, the reclosing can jeopardize the stability under the condition having high difference of voltage phase angle between both ends. Thus, this paper proposes optimal sequential reclosing scheme to improve transient stability due to reclosing operation. The optimal sequential reclosing is that each phase is closed sequentially considering transient energy. In this paper, 345kV and 154kV transmission system is modeled using EMTP (ElectroMagnetic Transient Program) to verify the performance and effectiveness of optimal sequential reclosing on transient stability. Also, Integral Square Error(ISE) method is used to assess the transient stability.
A Study on the Data Visualization for Real Time Power System Operation
Chog, Yoon-Sung ; Joung, Jinyoung ;
The Transactions of The Korean Institute of Electrical Engineers, volume 62, issue 10, 2013, Pages 1361~1367
DOI : 10.5370/KIEE.2013.62.10.1361
This paper describes and suggests the data visualization for real time power system operation based on energy management system. Because real time power system operation performs analysis of the vast amount of on-line data, the operators need intuitive data visualization to find out useful information in the big data. Especially, in emergency situation, the data visualization is able to assist the operators in handling the crisis quickly and efficiently. Therefore, this paper aims to improve displays of output of real time power system operation by visualizing on-line big data. Through this study, we can develop improved visualization technique for real time power system operation, which has highly readable displays of output and intuitive information.
An Efficient AMI Simulator Design adapted in Smart Grid
Yang, Il-Kwon ; Choi, Seung-Hwan ; Lee, Sang-Ho ;
The Transactions of The Korean Institute of Electrical Engineers, volume 62, issue 10, 2013, Pages 1368~1375
DOI : 10.5370/KIEE.2013.62.10.1368
The Smart Grid, which can monitor or diagnose the power grid in real time to operate efficiently, has been pushed ahead systematically as one of alternatives to solve these issues by combining the advanced Information Communication Technology and the electrical network. Hence, the electric company which introduces smart grid technology can read remotely the electrical meter readings by means of two-way communication between the meter and the central system. This enabled the customer and the utility to take part in reasonable electrical energy utilization. AMI became one of the core foundations in realizing the Smart Grid. It is hard to test the entire process of AMI system before the full deployment because it covers the broad objects from the customer to the utility operation system and requires mass data handling and management. Therefore, we design an efficient AMI network model and a simulator for performance evaluation required to simulate the network model similar to the real environment. This tool supports to evaluate the efficiency of the AMI network equipments and deployment. Additionally, it estimates the appropriate number of deployments and the proper capabilities.
Analysis of Propagation Characteristics of Lightning Surge according to the Type of Branch Line in Distribution System
Seo, Hun-Chul ; Han, Jun ; Kim, Yun-Gon ; Kim, Chul-Hwan ; Choi, Sun-Kyu ; Lee, Byung-Sung ; Rhee, Sang-Bong ;
The Transactions of The Korean Institute of Electrical Engineers, volume 62, issue 10, 2013, Pages 1376~1382
DOI : 10.5370/KIEE.2013.62.10.1376
This paper analyzes the propagation characteristics of lightning surge according to the type of branch line in distribution system. The types of branch line considered are H-type and PI-type. At each type, the length of main feeder is same, while the number and length of branch line are different. The distribution line is modeled and the various lightning locations are simulated by Electromagnetic Transient Program(EMTP). For each lightning, the various measuring points are selected. Based on the simulation results, the propagation characteristics of lightning surge at each measuring point are analyzed. The analyzed results are verified by travelling wave theory.
A Study on Harmonic Resonance in a DFIG Wind Turbine-generator Connected to a Distribution Power Line
Choi, Hyung-Joo ; Lee, Heung-Ho ;
The Transactions of The Korean Institute of Electrical Engineers, volume 62, issue 10, 2013, Pages 1383~1389
DOI : 10.5370/KIEE.2013.62.10.1383
There were telecommunication noise and malfunctions of the electronic devices occurred over a wide area due to the high harmonic voltage and/or current levels of the Back-to-back converter in the DFIG wind power system even though the magnitude of all harmonics is within the international standards. The triangular carrier signals of the PWM used in the power converter system is related to the telecommunication noise because they are in the range of audible frequencies and amplified by a variety of the standing waves that were excited by harmonic voltage sources in the weak grid system such as a long distance distribution transmission lines. This paper describes the characteristics of the harmonics in the wind turbine-generator, numerical analysis and simulation of the harmonics resonance phenomena in the distribution lines as well as measuring induced voltage of the telecommunication lines in parallel with power lines in order to verify the root cause of the telecommunication noise. These noise problems can occur in a wind turbine power system with a non-linear converter at any time, as well as photovoltaic power system. So, the preliminary review of suitable filter devices and switching frequencies of the PWM have to be required by considering the stability of the controller at the design stage but as part of the measures the effect of the telecommunication cable shields was analyzed by comparing the measured data between multi-conductor with/without shields so as to attenuate the sources of the harmonics voltage induced into the telecommunication lines and to apply the most cost-effective measures in the field.
Estimation of Reasonable Price of Battery Energy Storage System for Electricity Customers Demand Management
Kim, Seul-Ki ; Cho, Kyeong-Hee ; Kim, Jong-Yul ; Kim, Eung-Sang ;
The Transactions of The Korean Institute of Electrical Engineers, volume 62, issue 10, 2013, Pages 1390~1396
DOI : 10.5370/KIEE.2013.62.10.1390
The paper estimated the reasonable market price of lead-acid battery energy storage system (BESS) intended for demand management of electricity customers. As time-of-use (TOU) tariffs have extended to a larger number of customers and gaps in the peak and off-peak rates have gradually risen, deployment of BESS has been highly needed. However, immature engineering techniques, lack of field experiences and high initial investment cost have been barriers to opening up ESS markets. This paper assessed electricity cost that BESS operation could save for customers and, based on the possible cost savings, estimated reasonable prices at which BESSs could become a more prospective option for demand management of customers. Battery scheduling was optimized to maximize the electricity cost savings that BESS would possibly achieve under TOU tariffs conditions. Basic economic factors such as payback period and return on investment were calculated to determine reasonable market prices. Actual load data of 12 industrial customers were used for case studies.
Acoustic Noise Source Identification and Analysis of Dynamic Characteristics Parameters In BLDC Fan Motor
Shin, Hyoun-Jeong ; Lee, En-Sang ;
The Transactions of The Korean Institute of Electrical Engineers, volume 62, issue 10, 2013, Pages 1397~1402
DOI : 10.5370/KIEE.2013.62.10.1397
This study researched cause of resonance noise for BLDC motor used in the refrigerator. it is difficult to measure dynamic characteristics for small sized fan & rotor system with conventional excitation method. Therefore this study performed electric exiting method and natural frequency method using microphone instead of conventional excitation and showed validity of these methods. Study result showed that tortional vibration frequency of fan & rotor system and natural bending frequency of the fan were matched with exciting frequency of BLDC motor caused by commutating ripple torque. And this frequency match caused resonance of the system. The study analyzed main parameters of this phenomenon and suggested alternative solution.
Calculation of Parameters Considering Skew in EPS Interior Permanent Magnet Synchronous Motor
Lee, Su-Jin ; Hong, Jung-Pyo ;
The Transactions of The Korean Institute of Electrical Engineers, volume 62, issue 10, 2013, Pages 1403~1407
DOI : 10.5370/KIEE.2013.62.10.1403
This paper presents the method to calculate the motor parameters considering skew in EPS Interior Permanent Magnet Synchronous Motor (IPMSM). The skew is applied to stator or rotor by general technology used for design of reducing noise and vibration in motor. The characteristics analysis of motor including the skew is mostly used by 3D Finite Element Analysis (FEA), though, this analysis is a very time-consuming to perform. Besides, The reliability lacks due to the considerable change of motor characteristics according to the number of elements in 3D FEA. However, analysis time and effort can be saved by characteristic analysis considering skew using 2D FEA. Therefore, in this paper, a quick and accurate method for the calculations of motor parameters considering skew is suggested. The proposed method is verified by the comparison of calculated and experimental results.
The Characteristics of the Output Voltage Ferroelectrics for High Voltages Pulse Generators
Jang, Dong-Gwan ; Choi, Sun-Ho ; Hwang, Sunl-Mook ; Huh, Chang-Su ;
The Transactions of The Korean Institute of Electrical Engineers, volume 62, issue 10, 2013, Pages 1408~1412
DOI : 10.5370/KIEE.2013.62.10.1408
High power pulse generating technology is to accumulate the energy for relatively long and then to create a strong force by emitting the energy very fast. High power pulse generating technology has recently been using in various fields like environments, industry, research, military and so on. Numerous studies about high power pulse generators have already been performed and commercialized in various conditions. However, in aspect of their size and weight, it is hard to carry the generators which currently have been developed. For these reasons, din nations like America or Russia, the researches have been performed for Ferroelectric Generators(FEG), which have relatively simple structure and are economical. To realize the ferroelectric generator, in this study, we selected the PZTs which have different physical properties respectively, and then shocked them using explosives. The PZT samples with volumes of
were depolarized by shocked and produced the waveform that have peak voltages of 4.28 ~ 15kV. The lowest relative permittivity sample generated much higher peak voltage. And sudden voltage drops which seem to be caused by dielectric breakdown were observed in some experiments using low young`s modulus samples. Also, increase in thickness led to increase in peak voltage, but the ratio of the voltage rise did not reach the ration of the thickness increase.
Miniature Staircase-Shaped Wideband MIMO Antenna with Excellent Isolation, Compliant to the SAR Standard
Kahng, Kyungseok ; Yang, In-Kyu ; Kahng, Sungtek ;
The Transactions of The Korean Institute of Electrical Engineers, volume 62, issue 10, 2013, Pages 1413~1420
DOI : 10.5370/KIEE.2013.62.10.1413
This paper proposes a novel compact MIMO antenna which has miniaturized radiators and their row correlation coefficient, working for the LTE mobile communication, and its SAR is observed. Each of the proposed radiators has a shape of staircase and the bandwidth is twice larger than the conventional PIFA as 600MHz(21%) in 2.5 GHz - 3.15 GHz. And the area of the radiators is
proper for a handheld device. Also, by adding a planar mushroom decoupling structure between the radiators, the isolation is improved. The design has been carried out using the commercial full-wave time-domain EM solver and the finalized MIMO antenna has the return loss less than -10 dB in the LTE band, the isolation better than 20 dB and the efficiency more than 90% with the gain of 4.3 dB. Regarding the SAR of the antenna, it is observed that the average SAR value of 1g is estimated as 1.37W/Kg, which is lower than the SAR standard.
Implementation of the Radiation Protection Module for Electronic Equipment from Pulsed Radiation and Its Function Tests
Lee, Nam-Ho ;
The Transactions of The Korean Institute of Electrical Engineers, volume 62, issue 10, 2013, Pages 1421~1424
DOI : 10.5370/KIEE.2013.62.10.1421
The electronic equipment which is exposed to high level pulsed radiation is damaged by Upset, Latchup, and Burnout. Those damages come from the instantaneous photocurrent from electron-hole pairs generated in itself. Such damages appear as losses of a power in military weapon system or as a blackout in aerospace equipment and eventually caused in gross loss of national power. In this paper, we have implemented a RDC(Radiation detection and control module) as a part of the radiation protection technology of the electronic equipment or devices from the pulsed gamma radiation. The RDC, which is composed of pulsed gamma-ray detection sensor, signal processors, and pulse generator, is designed to protect the an important electronic circuits from the a pulse radiation. To verify the functionality of the RDC, LM118s, which had damaged by the pulse radiation, were tested. The test results showed that the test sample applied with the RDC was worked well in spite of the irradiation of a pulse radiation. Through the experiments we could confirm that the radiation protection technology implemented with the RDC had the functionality of radiation protection for the electronic devices.
Design of the H
Current Controller Based on the PSO Algorithm for Reducing the Current Ripple Caused by the Saliencies of SPMSM
Lee, Kwan-Hyung ; Young, Jeon-Chan ; Lim, Dong-Jin ;
The Transactions of The Korean Institute of Electrical Engineers, volume 62, issue 10, 2013, Pages 1425~1435
DOI : 10.5370/KIEE.2013.62.10.1425
The useful method for determining parameters of weighting functions used to design the
current controller for attenuating the current ripple due to saliencies which SPMSM(Surface Permanent Magnet Synchronous Motor) also incorporates is described. To analyze the effect, the current ripple due to the structural and the saturation saliencies, the SPMSM model with nonlinear inductance function depending on the two independent variables, rotor position and stator current is simulated. After analysis, parameters of the weighting functions for
current controller is selected to satisfy the robust stability, robust performance and specific performance in time and frequency domain by using the PSO(Particle Swarm Optimization) algorithm in the linear SPMSM model. Especially, the robust performance is proved that the selected weighting functions play a role in reducing the current ripple caused by the saliencies of SPMSM at the desired frequency range by the simple experiment.
Trotting Gait Generation Based on the Lizard Biometric Data
Kim, Chang Hoi ; Shin, Ho Cheol ; Lee, Heung Ho ;
The Transactions of The Korean Institute of Electrical Engineers, volume 62, issue 10, 2013, Pages 1436~1443
DOI : 10.5370/KIEE.2013.62.10.1436
A variety of studies on imitating the skeletal structure and the gait of legged animals have been done in order to develop walking robots which have an ability to adapt to atypical environments. In this paper, we analyzed the gait of a Bearded dragon lizard using the motion capture system, proposed a calibration scheme of the motion data and generated the trotting gait of a lizard based on the calibrated data. Also, we constructed the dynamic model based on the biometric data of a Bearded dragon lizard and applied the trotting gait of the lizard to the dynamic model. We verified the validity of the gait with the commercial dynamic simulation software.
An Improved Electronic Esophageal Stethoscope using Sound and Pressure Sensors
Min, Kyung-Deuk ; Shin, Young-Duck ; Jeon, Yong-Wook ; Lee, Tae-Soo ; Kim, Young-Chol ;
The Transactions of The Korean Institute of Electrical Engineers, volume 62, issue 10, 2013, Pages 1444~1450
DOI : 10.5370/KIEE.2013.62.10.1444
Esophageal stethoscope is used for monitoring the heart sounds and breath sounds of patients during surgery under a general anesthesia. Recently, an electronic esophageal stethoscope (EES) has been developed for the purpose of real-time monitoring these information visually. This system uses only a microphone as the sound sensor. A drawback of the EES system is that it may be difficult to distinguish the first sound (
) and the second sound (
) of heart, because their periods are irregular depending on patients. In this paper, we propose an improved EES system in which the infrasound is measured by adding a pressure sensor as well as a sound sensor. We investigate some correlations between the infrasound and characteristics of the heart sound. The proposed system has been tested on 15 patients. The results show that the new system is capable of detecting the first sound more reliably and easily determining the heart rate and breathing period.
An Optimal Operation Model of A Centralized Micro-Energy Network
Lee, Ji-Hye ; Kim, Hak-Man ; Im, Young Hoon ; Lee, Jae Yong ;
The Transactions of The Korean Institute of Electrical Engineers, volume 62, issue 10, 2013, Pages 1451~1457
DOI : 10.5370/KIEE.2013.62.10.1451
Recently, new concept of energy systems such as microgrid, smart grid, supergrid, and energy network has been introducing. In this paper, the concept of the centralized micro-energy network, which is an energy community of a building group without district heating system, is introduced. In addition, a mathematical model for optimal operation of the micro-energy network as a main function of an energy management system (EMS) for the micro-energy network is proposed. In order to show the validation, the proposed model is tested through the simulation and analyzed.
A Study on Real Time Catenary Impedance Estimation Technique using the Synchronized Measuring Data between Substation and Train
Jung, Hosung ;
The Transactions of The Korean Institute of Electrical Engineers, volume 62, issue 10, 2013, Pages 1458~1464
DOI : 10.5370/KIEE.2013.62.10.1458
This paper proposed a new real time catenary impedance estimation technique using synchronized power data from the measured data of operating vehicle and substation for catenary protective relay and fault locator setting. This paper presented estimation equation of catenary impedance using synchronized power data between substation and vehicle of AT feeding system for the performance verification of the proposed technique. Also AC feeding system is modeled through power analysis program and performance was verified through simulation according to various load changes. We verified that average 2.38%(distance equivalent 23.8 m) error appeared between the proposed estimation equation of catenary impedance and power analysis program simulation output in no connection double track system between up track and down track. Furthermore, We confirmed that estimation error is bigger depending on the increasing the distance from substation and vehicle impedance using only using vehicle current when calculating vehicle impedance in connection double track system between up track and down track. But, We confirmed that the proposed technique estimated accurately catenary impedance regardless of vehicle impedance and distance from substation.
Utilizing Technology in Measurement System for Catenary Current: - Focusing on Testing Results for Kyoungbu High-speed Line in Korea -
Park, Young ; Jung, Hosung ; Lee, Kiwon ;
The Transactions of The Korean Institute of Electrical Engineers, volume 62, issue 10, 2013, Pages 1465~1469
DOI : 10.5370/KIEE.2013.62.10.1465
The resent developed high speed train called HEMU-430X (Highspeed Electric Multiple Unit - 430km/h eXperiment) recorded a 421.4 km/h in Kyoungbu high speed line in Korea. A verity of measurement systems are used to check the performance between pantograph and catenary system. An innovative measurement system is adopted to check the current of catenary wire in the track side during HEMU-430X test running. This paper presents the measurement results of catenary current in kyoungbu high-speed line and describe its utilizing technology in the experimental results of catenary current. In order to analyze field testing results, the current ratio between contact and catenary current have been analyzed by means of Carson-Pollaczek equation. And the current wave forms between catenary and contact wire are presented based on the simulation results.
Theoretical Study of Neutral Section Considering the Driving Characteristics of ATO Urban Railway Vehicle
Lee, Jae-Bong ; Kim, Jae-Moon ;
The Transactions of The Korean Institute of Electrical Engineers, volume 62, issue 10, 2013, Pages 1470~1474
DOI : 10.5370/KIEE.2013.62.10.1470
In this paper, proper length of neutral section and neutral section system configuration is proposed to minimize accidents if ATO urban railway vehicle stops maintaining the leading vehicles in air section at regular intervals. When considering the minimum voltage sensing of power conversion unit in the urban railway vehicle, the effective length of 14,280[mm] with neutral section can be minimized damage due to high current because the urban railway vehicle is very little present chance compare neutral section with pantograph interval installed on a unit vehicle. In addition, uplift of catenary line and contact wire consider to minimize damage. The result of theoretical review, as the proposed neutral section shorter, isolated neutral section is effective than the integrated neutral section.
A Study on the Water-cooling Jacket Design of IPMSM for Railway Vehicles
Park, Chan-Bae ; Lee, Jun-Ho ; Lee, Byung-Song ;
The Transactions of The Korean Institute of Electrical Engineers, volume 62, issue 10, 2013, Pages 1475~1480
DOI : 10.5370/KIEE.2013.62.10.1475
In this paper, the basic design study of a water-cooling jacket, which have reported no cases for applying to railway traction motors so far, were conducted for applying to Interior Permanent Magnet Synchronous Motor (IPMSM) for railway vehicles. The basic thermal characteristics analysis of the 110kW-class IPMSM was performed by using 3-dimentional thermal equivalent network method. The necessary design requirements of the water-cooling jacket were derived by analyzing the results of the basic thermal properties. Next, the thermal characteristics analysis technique was established by using the equivalent model of the solenoid-typed pipe to be installed on the inside of the water-cooling jacket for 110kW-class IPMSM. Finally, a design model of 6kW-class water-cooling jacket was derived through the analysis of various design parameters.
A Study on Design of Control Device on Small Wind Generator Using 2-Level Boost Converter
Moon, Chae-Joo ; Chang, Young-Hak ; So, Soon-Youl ; Park, Tae-Sik ; Jeong, Moon-Seon ; Youn, Young-Chan ;
The Transactions of The Korean Institute of Electrical Engineers, volume 62, issue 10, 2013, Pages 1481~1486
DOI : 10.5370/KIEE.2013.62.10.1481
The small wind generator with existing mechanical control system has a frequent failure and malfunction, and its maintenance is difficult. In this paper, an electric control method using a boost converter for small wind generator was suggested. The suggested 2-level boost converter control device was manufactured and its experimental operation were conducted on a wind generator with 200 [W] capacity. As a result of experimental device, the control by a boost converter was executed at the point that the output voltage of a wind generator became 36 [V] so it could be identified that the output voltage of a wind generator diminished and then it became 0 [V] after 5 [sec]. Besides, in case of applying the method suggested in this paper to a small wind power generation facility for street lights, it is expected to reduce its maintenance by preventing a frequent failure of a generator and to improve its utilization rate.
Robust Internal Model Control of Three-Phase Active Power Filter for Stable Operation in Electric Power Equipment
Park, Ji-Ho ; Kim, Dong-Wan ;
The Transactions of The Korean Institute of Electrical Engineers, volume 62, issue 10, 2013, Pages 1487~1493
DOI : 10.5370/KIEE.2013.62.10.1487
A new simple control method for active power filter, which can realize the complete compensation of harmonics is proposed. In the proposed scheme, a model-based digital current control strategy is presented. The proposed control system is designed and implemented in a form referred to as internal model control structure. This method provides a convenient way for parameterizing the controller in term of the nominal system model, including time-delays. As a result, the resulting controller parameters are directly set based on the power circuit parameters, which make tuning of the controllers straightforward task. In the proposed control algorithm, overshoots and oscillations due to the computation time delay is prevented by explicit incorporating of the delay in the controller transfer function. In addition, a new compensating current reference generator employing resonance model implemented by a DSP(Digital Signal Processor) is introduced. Resonance model has an infinite gain at resonant frequency, and it exhibits a band-pass filter. Consequently, the difference between the instantaneous load current and the output of this model is the current reference signal for the harmonic compensation.