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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
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The Transactions of The Korean Institute of Electrical Engineers
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Journal DOI :
The Korean Institute of Electrical Engineers
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Volume & Issues
Volume 62, Issue 12 - Dec 2013
Volume 62, Issue 11 - Nov 2013
Volume 62, Issue 10 - Oct 2013
Volume 62, Issue 9 - Sep 2013
Volume 62, Issue 8 - Aug 2013
Volume 62, Issue 7 - Jul 2013
Volume 62, Issue 6 - Jun 2013
Volume 62, Issue 5 - May 2013
Volume 62, Issue 4 - Apr 2013
Volume 62, Issue 3 - Mar 2013
Volume 62, Issue 2 - Feb 2013
Volume 62, Issue 1 - Jan 2013
Selecting the target year
A Study on the Impact of HVDC Transmission System to Interconnect Large-scale Power Generation Plants to Power Grid in Korea
Han, Su-Young ; Gwon, Do-Hun ; Chung, Il-Yop ; Lim, Jae-Bong ;
The Transactions of The Korean Institute of Electrical Engineers, volume 62, issue 12, 2013, Pages 1647~1656
DOI : 10.5370/KIEE.2013.62.12.1647
Although the demand for electricity has been increasing these days, it becomes more difficult to find new sites for large-scale power generation plants near urban areas due to environmental and economic issues. Therefore, new power plants are forced off to rural or desolate coastal areas. As a result, there is significant regional imbalance in power generation and consumption between urban and rural areas in South Korea. This paper investigates the feasibility of high-voltage DC (HVDC) system as a candidate for electric power transmission system from east-coastal sites to metropolitan area. To this end, this paper analyzes transient stability and dynamic impact of a HVDC transmission system and compares the results to conventional high-voltage AC (HVAC) transmission systems via PSS/E simulation. This paper also examines the effect of HVDC system to voltage variation and low-frequency resonance in the neighboring buses in the grid using ESCR(Effective Short Circuit Ratio)과 UIF(Unit Interaction Factor) indices.
Short-Term Load Forecasting for the Consecutive Holidays Considering Businesses' Operation Rates of Industries
Song, Kyung-Bin ; Lim, Jong-Hun ;
The Transactions of The Korean Institute of Electrical Engineers, volume 62, issue 12, 2013, Pages 1657~1660
DOI : 10.5370/KIEE.2013.62.12.1657
Short-term load forecasting for Chusok and New Year's consecutive holidays is very difficult, due to the irregular characteristics compared with ordinary weekdays and insufficient holidays historical data. During consecutive holidays of New Year and Chusok, most of industries reduce their operation rates and their electrical load levels. The correlation between businesses' operation rates and their loads during consecutive holidays of New Year and Chusok is analysed and short-term load forecasting algorithm for consecutive holidays considering businesses' operation rates of industries is proposed. Test results show that the proposed method improves the accuracy of short-term load forecasting over fuzzy linear regression method.
Dynamic Analysis Algorithm of Irreversible Demagnetization of IPM-type Brushless DC Motor by Stator Turn Fault
Lee, Yoon-Seok ; Kim, Kyung-Tae ; Hur, Jin ;
The Transactions of The Korean Institute of Electrical Engineers, volume 62, issue 12, 2013, Pages 1661~1667
DOI : 10.5370/KIEE.2013.62.12.1661
This paper studies the dynamic irreversible demagnetization characteristics of an interior permanent magnet (PM) brushless DC motor with a stator turn fault. A new algorithm, which is a finite element method (FEM) combined with a line voltage equation of the motor, is developed to analyze irreversible demagnetization under dynamic and transient states and considers a stator turn fault. The input current, circulating current, magnetic distribution characteristics, and operating property of the PM, including the irreversible demagnetization in the fault state, are analyzed using this algorithm by considering the magnetic saturation effect. The feasibility of the proposed method confirmed from the analysis results is verified via an experiment. Through this fault analysis, we can accurately check the fault phenomena of a PM motor against the demagnetization fault for fault prevention.
Power Loss and Thermal Characteristic Analysis of Induction Motors for Machine Tool Spindle according to the Rated Power-Speed
Seong, Ki-Hyun ; Cho, Han-Wook ; Hwang, Joo-Ho ; Shim, Jong-Yeob ;
The Transactions of The Korean Institute of Electrical Engineers, volume 62, issue 12, 2013, Pages 1668~1677
DOI : 10.5370/KIEE.2013.62.12.1668
This paper deals with the power loss and thermal characteristics of induction motor for machine tools according to the rated power and speed. To reduce the fabrication error by thermal strain in rotational machine tools, we calculated the power loss and thermal behavior of induction motors. Firstly, the inverse design of general induction motors for machine tool spindle has been performed. The inverse design results are compared with the torque-speed characteristic curve in motor's catalog. The power loss are calculated by finite element method(FEM) at rated condition. Secondary, the transient thermal characteristics of induction motors are calculated by equivalent thermal resistance model from Motor-CAD S/W. The inverse design, power loss and thermal behavior calculation for induction motors with various rated power and speed has been performed. Finally, to verify the design and calculation process of induction motor, we implemented the experimental set with 0.4kW 1710rpm class industrial induction motor model. The obtained thermal characteristics of experimental model confirmed that the design and power loss calculation processes are appropriate to the prediction of thermal strain in rotational machine tools.
Prototype Development of 3-Phase 3.3kV/220V 6kVA Modular Semiconductor Transformer
Kim, Jae-Hyuk ; Kim, Do-Hyun ; Lee, Byung-Kwon ; Han, Byung-Moon ; Lee, Jun-Young ; Choi, Nam-Sup ;
The Transactions of The Korean Institute of Electrical Engineers, volume 62, issue 12, 2013, Pages 1678~1687
DOI : 10.5370/KIEE.2013.62.12.1678
This paper describes a prototype of 3-phase 3.3kV/220V 6kVA modular semiconductor transformer developed in the lab for feasibility study. The developed prototype is composed of three single-phase units coupled in Y-connection. Each single-phase unit with a rating of 1.9kV/127V 2kVA consists of a high-voltage high-frequency resonant AC-DC converter, a low-voltage hybrid-switching DC-DC converter, and a low-voltage hybrid-switching DC-AC converter. Also each single-phase unit has two DSP controllers to control converter operation and to acquire monitoring data. Monitoring system was developed based on LabView by using CAN communication link between the DSP controller and PC. Through various experimental analyses it was verified that the prototype operates with proper performance under normal and sag condition. The system efficiency can be improved by adopting optimal design and replacing the IGBT switch with the SiC MOSFET switch. The developed prototype confirms a possibility to build a commercial high-voltage high-power semiconductor transformer by increasing the number of series-connected converter modules in high-voltage side and improving the performance of switching element.
Sensorless MPPT Control for a Small-scale Wind Power Generation System with a Switched-mode Rectifier(SMR)
Xu, Chengde ; Lee, Joon-Min ; Kim, Young-Seok ;
The Transactions of The Korean Institute of Electrical Engineers, volume 62, issue 12, 2013, Pages 1688~1693
DOI : 10.5370/KIEE.2013.62.12.1688
A small-scale wind power generation system with a switched-mode rectifier(SMR) is proposed. To simplify the converter circuit of the wind power generation system, the synchronous inductors of the permanent magnet synchronous generator(PMSG) replace the inductor for the boost converter. The sensorless maximum power point tracking(MPPT) control is carried out for the wind power generation system with the SMR. The proposed system is verified through the simulations and the experiments.
Partial Discharge Resistance According to Frequency Acceleration Deterioration of Epoxy/Layered Silicate Nanocomposites
Park, Jae-Jun ;
The Transactions of The Korean Institute of Electrical Engineers, volume 62, issue 12, 2013, Pages 1694~1699
DOI : 10.5370/KIEE.2013.62.12.1694
Frequency accelerated partial discharge resistance (PDR) aging of epoxy/layered silicate nanocomposite with 1.5wt % additions of layered silicate was investigated in comparison with that of epoxy without layered silicate in terms of PD(partial discharge) erosion depth. It was found that the change in the erosion depth is far smaller in specimens with layered silicate than those without layered silicate nano particles. Frequency acceleration can be done from 60Hz to 1000Hz. But the depth of erosion is less proportional to frequency. Acceleration factor is almost 2 times between 500Hz and 1000Hz, but it is much less than about 8.3 times between 60Hz and 500Hz. This superior PD resistance is caused by the presence of nanofillers, anano-effect due to closely packed nanofillers, and strong chemical bonds at layered silicate nanofillers /resin interfaces.
Injection Locked Synchronization Characteristics of a Millimeter Wave Second Harmonic Oscillator
Choi, Young-Kyu ;
The Transactions of The Korean Institute of Electrical Engineers, volume 62, issue 12, 2013, Pages 1700~1705
DOI : 10.5370/KIEE.2013.62.12.1700
A second harmonic millimeter wave oscillator utilizing sub-harmonic injection-synchronization is presented. A 8.7GHz oscillator with MES-FET is designed, and is driven as a harmonic output oscillator at 17.4GHz by means of sub-harmonic injection-synchronization. The oscillator operates as a multiplier as well as a oscillator in this scheme. Adopting this method, a high sable, high frequency millimeter wave source is obtainable even though self-oscillating frequency of an oscillator is relatively low. The range of injection-synchronization is about 26MHz, and is proportional to the input sub-harmonic power. The spectrum analysis of the 2nd harmonic output frequency shows remarkably decreased the phase noise level.
Design of the Miniaturized Ultra-WideBand(UWB) Filter of the Shorted Open Gap Ring Structure combined with the interdigital Line
Oh, Seunghun ; Kim, Koon-Tae ; Kang, Seong-In ; Lee, Jeong-Hyeok ; Han, Jun-Hee ; Kim, Hyeong-Seok ;
The Transactions of The Korean Institute of Electrical Engineers, volume 62, issue 12, 2013, Pages 1706~1711
DOI : 10.5370/KIEE.2013.62.12.1706
This paper presents the filter of a resonator comprising a shorted open gap ring(SOGR) and interdigital lines. The proposed filter has the ultra wideband characteristic operating from 3 GHz to 10.5 GHz. In order to achieve the remarkable improvement in the size-reduction of the overall filter structure, only one cell of the SOGR with the inter-digital lines is adopted. It is shown that this filter has the size of
using a metamaterial, the fractional bandwidth over 100%, the insertion loss much less than 1dB, an acceptable return loss performance in the results.
Design of a Metamaterial-Based Compact Dual-Band 3-way Power Divider for Lighter L-band Military Satellite Transceivers
Kahng, Kyung-Seok ; Yang, Inkyu ; Jang, Kyeong-Nam ; Lee, Hosub ; Lee, Hyoung-Jong ; Kahng, Sungtek ;
The Transactions of The Korean Institute of Electrical Engineers, volume 62, issue 12, 2013, Pages 1712~1718
DOI : 10.5370/KIEE.2013.62.12.1712
This paper proposes a compact dual-band 3-way power divider that helps lowering the weight of a transceiver for the L-band or multi-purpose satellite communication. Instead of the multi stages or tapering which ends up with loss accumulation and size-growth, the non-linear dispersive phases from the metamaterial CRLH(composite right and left-handed) properties are obtained by the accurate formulation and implemented by the short transmission line segments. Firstly, the CRLH dual-band two-way unequal power divider and equal power divider are separately designed. And then, the input of the two-way equal power divider is plugged in the output port of the unequal one, and the entire geometry is slightly adjusted for the desirable performance. The circuit analysis and full-wave simulation are used to predict the frequency responses and validated by the measurement of the prototype. Besides, the size-reduction effect is addressed.
Design of a Size-reduced RFID Dual-UHF-Band Reader Antenna
Kahng, Sungtek ; Kim, Hyeong-Seok ;
The Transactions of The Korean Institute of Electrical Engineers, volume 62, issue 12, 2013, Pages 1719~1724
DOI : 10.5370/KIEE.2013.62.12.1719
In this paper, a size-reduction technique is presented for the RFID reader antenna working at two UHF bands. To tackle the problem of size increase in multi-band applications, two resonance paths are made to occur in one geometry with a single feed. While one resonance path is combined with the other, the entire geometry is determined to guarantee the resonance at the target frequencies through the dual-band input impedance matching. The antenna performance is predicted by the full-wave simulation, and the design method is verified by observing the good agreement between the simulated and measured results. At the two frequencies, the satisfactory return loss as well as the antenna efficiency and peak gain of the far-field pattern is obtained.
Modeling and simulation on an IR absorbing structure with the cascaded transmission line model
Park, Seung-Man ;
The Transactions of The Korean Institute of Electrical Engineers, volume 62, issue 12, 2013, Pages 1725~1729
DOI : 10.5370/KIEE.2013.62.12.1725
In this paper, the modeling and simulation of infrared absorption in an infrared absorbing structure with the cascaded transmission line model were carried out. Each layer in the infrared absorbing structure can be modeled as a characteristic impedance of the cascaded transmission line model. The simulation results show that the cavity thickness to get a maximum absorption should be less than a quarter wavelength, which is somewhat different from prevalent thickness. It can be assured that the sheet resistance of an absorbing layer to get a maximum absorption is
, that the thickness of the absorbing layer dose not affect the spectral characteristics of absorption. It is also shown that the thickness of the active layer is not critical to the IR absorption. It can also be assured that the validation of this modeling is proved in comparison with the previous results from similar absorbing structures.
Optimization of Slanted and Chirp IDT Configurations for Realizing and Propagating Surface Acoustic Wave with Wide Bandwidth
Lee, Tae-Yoon ; Fu, Chen ; Lee, Kee-Keun ;
The Transactions of The Korean Institute of Electrical Engineers, volume 62, issue 12, 2013, Pages 1730~1736
DOI : 10.5370/KIEE.2013.62.12.1730
Slanted and chirp interdigital transducer(IDT) configurations were studied for generating the surface acoustic wave(SAW) with wide bandwidths on a piezoelectric substrate. These devices can be applied to manipulate optical path of light along the waveguide, ultimately used for optical switches and holographic image implementation. Prior to fabrication, the coupling of modes(COM) modeling and simulation were performed to extract optimal design parameters. The optimally designed wideband device showed wide bandwidth of 30MHz, low insertion loss of -25dB, and abrupt side suppression ratio (SSR). Several design conditions were determined during device implementation, such as slanted angle, aperture length, number of fingers, and central frequencies of IDTs. These factors were experimentally analyzed and described in details in this paper.
Range and Velocity Estimation of the Object using a Moving Camera
Byun, Sang-Hoon ; Chwa, Dongkyoung ;
The Transactions of The Korean Institute of Electrical Engineers, volume 62, issue 12, 2013, Pages 1737~1743
DOI : 10.5370/KIEE.2013.62.12.1737
This paper proposes the range and velocity of the object estimation method using a moving camera. Structure and motion (SaM) estimation is to estimate the Euclidean geometry of the object as well as the relative motion between the camera and object. Unlike the previous works, the proposed estimation method can relax the camera and object motion constraints. To this end, we arrange the dynamics of moving camera-moving object relative motion model in an appropriate form such that the nonlinear observer can be employed for the SaM estimation. Through both simulations and experiments we have confirmed the validity of the proposed estimation algorithm.
A Variable Step-Size Adaptive Feedback Cancellation Algorithm based on GSAP in Digital Hearing Aids
An, Hongsub ; Park, Gyuseok ; Song, Jihyun ; Lee, Sangmin ;
The Transactions of The Korean Institute of Electrical Engineers, volume 62, issue 12, 2013, Pages 1744~1749
DOI : 10.5370/KIEE.2013.62.12.1744
Acoustic feedback is perceived as whistling or howling, which is a major complaint of hearing-aids users. Acoustic feedback cancellation is important in hearing-aids because acoustic feedback degrades performance of the hearing aid device by reducing maximum insertion gain. Adaptive systems for estimate acoustic feedback path and feedback suppression algorithms have been proposed in order to solve this problem. A typical feedback cancellation algorithm is LMS(least mean squares) because of its computational efficiency. However it has problem of convergence performance in high correlated input signal. In this paper, we propose a new variable step-size normalized LMS(least mean squares) algorithm using VAD(voice activity detection) to overcome the limitation of the LMS algorithm. The VAD algorithm is GSAP(global speech absence probability) and the feedback cancellation algorithm is normalized LMS. The proposed algorithm applies different step-size between voice and non-voice using VAD, for high stability, fast convergence speed and low misalignment when correlated inputs, such as speech. The result of simulation with white noise mixed speech signal, the proposed algorithm shows high performance then traditional algorithm in terms of stability, convergence speed and misalignment.
Performance Analysis of A Variable Bit Rate Speech Coder
Iem, Byeong-Gwan ;
The Transactions of The Korean Institute of Electrical Engineers, volume 62, issue 12, 2013, Pages 1750~1754
DOI : 10.5370/KIEE.2013.62.12.1750
A variable bit rate speech coder is presented. The coder is based on the observation that a speech signal can be viewed as a combination of piecewise linear signals in a short time period. The encoder detects the sample points where the slope of the signal changes, which are called the inflection points in this paper. The coder transmits the location and value for the detected inflection sample, but only the location information for the noninflection samples. In the decoder, the noninflection samples are estimated with interpolation of the received information. Several factors affecting the performance of the coder have been tested through simulation. Simulation results show that the linear interpolation produces 1 ~ 5 dB improvement over the cubic spline interpolation. And the -law companding does not provide any benefit when it is applied before the inflection detection. With low threshold values in the inflection point detection, the coder shows better MOS and more than 16 dB improvement in SNR compared to the continuously variable slope delta modulation (CVSDM).
Channel Capacity-Based Multi-Channel Allocation in Cognitive Radio Networks
Lee, Juhyeon ; Park, Hyung-Kun ;
The Transactions of The Korean Institute of Electrical Engineers, volume 62, issue 12, 2013, Pages 1755~1757
DOI : 10.5370/KIEE.2013.62.12.1755
Dynamically exploiting unused-spectrum, cognitive radio has been proposed to solve spectrum utilization problem. In cognitive radio, it is important to minimize the interference to primary service as well as to provide efficient channel allocation. In this paper, we propose a multi-channel allocation scheme based on spectrum hole prediction. Proposed scheme considered both interference length and channel capacity to limit the interference to primary user as well as to enhance system performance. Simulation results show the proposed scheme improves the system throughput.
A Study on the Performance of the Stable Cascading BPF
Kim, Jung-Hwan ; Shin, Seung-Sik ;
The Transactions of The Korean Institute of Electrical Engineers, volume 62, issue 12, 2013, Pages 1758~1763
DOI : 10.5370/KIEE.2013.62.12.1758
This paper is a study on the performance of the stable cascading BPF. There are generally two methods of designing IIR filter, which are a direct method and an indirect one. The indirect design method that is transformed into the BPF by frequency transformation using the prototype analog LPF which is satisfied for designing specifications is applied to this study. As typical prototype analog LPFs, there are the Butterworth filter, the Chebyshev filter and the elliptic filter. In this study, we connect the frequency transformed BPFs (to the cascade form) which have been converted from the stable Butterworth filter and Chebyshev filter. Three classified simulations are conducted in this study, which are the cascading Butterworth BPF Only, the cascading Chebyshev BPF Only and the cascading Butterworth and Chebyshev BPFs. As a result of the simulation, this study shows that a ripple size of the cascading Chebyshev BPF Only is about 1[dB] smaller than that of the cascading Butterworth and Chebyshev BPFs and also the skirt characteristic of the cascading Chebyshev BPF in the transition band is most outstanding and has the widest bandwidth. The result of performance comparison shows the validity of specifications required in the workplace.
Development of a Digital Down-mixer to Convert 5.1 Channel Audio Signals to Stereo Signals
Jeon, Kwang-Sub ; Cheong, Ho-Yong ; Lee, Seung-Yo ;
The Transactions of The Korean Institute of Electrical Engineers, volume 62, issue 12, 2013, Pages 1764~1770
DOI : 10.5370/KIEE.2013.62.12.1764
Use of the 5.1 channel audio signals suitable for the television system is improper for the radio broadcasting system, which uses the stereo audio system. Therefore, it is necessary to develop an audio down-mixer to convert 5.1 multi-channel audio signals to stereo signals for radio broadcasting. In this paper, a development of an audio down-mixer was carried out to convert 5.1 multi-channel audio signals to stereo signals. The down-mixer which was developed can use the audio signals separated from video signals, including sound signals or individual signals provided from 3-channel AES/EBU signals including Left(L), Right(R), Left Surround(Ls), Right Surround(Rs), Center(C) and Low Frequency Effect(Lfe) sounds as mixer inputs.
Structure Vibration Analysis and Active Noise Control of Power Transformer
Jeong, Yun-Mi ; Choi, Eun-Ji ; Kim, Young-Dal ;
The Transactions of The Korean Institute of Electrical Engineers, volume 62, issue 12, 2013, Pages 1771~1776
DOI : 10.5370/KIEE.2013.62.12.1771
Most cases of power transformer failure are caused by physical factors linked to the transient vibrations of multiple 120Hz combinations. In addition, the noise generated in the transformer from this vibration not only directly contributes to the worsening of the work environment but also causes psychological stress, resulting in the worsening of the workers efficiency and of the living environment of the inhabitants around the power plant. Thus, to remedy these problems, the mechanical-excitation forces working on a power transformer were categorized in this study, and the mechanical-damage mechanism was identified through the vibration transfer paths acting on machines or structures. In addition, a study on active noise cancellation in a transformer using the FXLMS algorithm was conducted to develop a system that is capable of multiple-sound/channel control, which resulted in the active noise reduction effect when applied on the field.
Implementation & Application of Instrumentation System on Performance Evaluation for Korea-Radio Train Control System
Lee, Jae-Ho ; Lee, Kang-Mi ; Park, Pyoung-Sik ;
The Transactions of The Korean Institute of Electrical Engineers, volume 62, issue 12, 2013, Pages 1777~1783
DOI : 10.5370/KIEE.2013.62.12.1777
This study aims to implement an instrumentation system measuring and analysing real-time data of information flow between respective subunits composing train control system as the performance evaluation method for wireless communication based urban railway train control system under development for a Korean model. It analyses system functional requirements regarding subsystems composing wireless communication based train control system and test items for functions presented in each specification and examines data and measurement point for measuring according to test items in order to implement an instrumentation system. And, it clearly defines requirements of an instrumentation system to avoid malfunction or error in operation of train control system. It reviews data processing method and display method for effective analysis of data flow between respective subunits with measured data, designs and makes an instrumentation system. Ultimately, it applies to a performance test of train control system and makes sure an instrumentation system in normal working order.
The Analysis of the Priority and Progress Direction of Electrical Safety Technology using Analytic Hierarchy Process
Kim, Han-Sang ; Yi, Geon-Ho ; Kim, Dong-Woo ; Jeon, Jeong-Chay ; Lee, Ki-Yeon ; Kim, Young-Seog ; Jung, Jin-Soo ;
The Transactions of The Korean Institute of Electrical Engineers, volume 62, issue 12, 2013, Pages 1784~1791
DOI : 10.5370/KIEE.2013.62.12.1784
Electrical safety technique is a disaster prevention technology to protect the life and property of the people and it has high correlation with all electricity industry. According to the latest statistics, loss of human life and property damage due to electrical fire have increased from 2011. Therefore, technological development for guarantee safety of electrical facilities for customer will become more important. In this paper, we drew priority and weigh for the electrical safety technology using analytic hierarchy process and present progress direction of each technology through Risk-Return assessment. We expect development of the research and development policies of government about electrical safety technology in a higher state and think that policymakers and experts will be more interested in these fields based on this paper.
An Assessment on Voltage and Power Quality in Load Facility during the Islanding of Residential Fuel Cell System
Park, Chan-Eom ; Jung, Jin-Soo ; Han, Woon-Ki ; Lim, Hyun-Sung ; Song, Young-Sang ; Kim, Choon-Sam ; Lim, Duk-Gyu ;
The Transactions of The Korean Institute of Electrical Engineers, volume 62, issue 12, 2013, Pages 1792~1797
DOI : 10.5370/KIEE.2013.62.12.1792
Recently, due to the excessive use of fossil fuels, many studies about the fossil fuels such as solar and fuel cell energy source are progressing. Fuel cell system has high energy conversion efficiency. Also, fuel cell system is environmentally friendly system because the carbon emission is almost not occur. Therefore, the fuel cell system is considered as the core technology of in the fields of the future energy and environmental. Fuel cell system has an effect on distribution power system because another power source of other than large power plants. So, fuel cell system can be reason of power quality in the power system. In this paper, we constructed the system for an assessment on Islanding. The system is composed with power source, Impedance coordination load and linear load, fuel cell system. we are performed assessment on voltage and power quality in customer and the distributed power system during the Islanding of residential fuel cell system. In addition, no change in the impedance of power system, we made a islanding condition only using the actual load, As a variation of generation and load current under islanding, an analysis results based on assessment system showed that the power qualities of distribution system became more aggravation as effect of voltage sag and voltage swell phenomena.
4-Terminal Measurement Technique of 2-Terminal Decade Resistor
Lee, Sang-Hwa ; Jang, Seok-Myeong ;
The Transactions of The Korean Institute of Electrical Engineers, volume 62, issue 12, 2013, Pages 1798~1802
DOI : 10.5370/KIEE.2013.62.12.1798
We present a technique for measuring low resistance ranges of a decade resistor with a 4-Terminal connection. With the technique the accuracy of 0.8 % was obtained for a 1
resistance of the decade resistor. We suggested a proper pattern 4-Terminal measurement results with several 4-Terminal pattern and adapters. Additionally, we should that precise measurements for low resistance can be made usung a digital multimeter(DMM) only.
Analysis of Contact Loss Arc Spectrum between Contact Wire and Pantograph Material using a Spectrometer
Chang, Chin-Young ; Jung, No-Geon ; Park, Jong-Gook ; Koo, Kyung-Wan ; Kim, Jae-Moon ;
The Transactions of The Korean Institute of Electrical Engineers, volume 62, issue 12, 2013, Pages 1803~1808
DOI : 10.5370/KIEE.2013.62.12.1803
To maintain contact between catenary and pantograph copper is important in order to transmit power smoothly on Current collection system. But, Arc discharge with strong light is generated because of contact loss. Therefore, Arc discharge detection is important measurement factor judging performance of current collection system. In this paper, It is described to results of arc discharge applying UV detection technology using arc generator. And Arc discharge was detected using the most commonly used processing catenary and rigid catenary and pantograph copper of electric rolling stock for securing arc detection instrument reliability. Results of contact loss detection instrument in this paper will be used for maintenance of current collection quality and system.
The Design of Hydraulic Brake Control System used on Blending Brake Function
Lee, Woo-Dong ;
The Transactions of The Korean Institute of Electrical Engineers, volume 62, issue 12, 2013, Pages 1809~1812
DOI : 10.5370/KIEE.2013.62.12.1809
The bogie of monorail vehicles applies rubber wheel system not steel wheel system. In addition, The structure of the bogie is very complicated because vehicle operates on the elevated road and vehicle drives with wrapping the guide way. When the monorail vehicle applies air brake system, lower device of vehicle may be complex and some devices may be limited. On the other hand, hydraulic brake equipment is compact and not weighing. Braking force is also outstanding compared with air brake so the hydraulic brake equipment is suitable for monorail vehicle. Also urban transit system such as monorail, applies mixed system both friction brake and electric brake in order to save electric energy. But application case of hydraulic brake in the country is very rare because hydraulic brake have difficulty in satisfaction of control requirement and maintenance. Therefore, this study suggests ways to design hydraulic brake system with blending brake for monorail vehicle and applies the ways to future monorail.
Algorithm Development of Level Crossing Obstacle Detection using Laser Radar Sensor
Kim, Young-June ; Baek, Jong-Hyen ; Choi, Kyu-Hyung ;
The Transactions of The Korean Institute of Electrical Engineers, volume 62, issue 12, 2013, Pages 1813~1819
DOI : 10.5370/KIEE.2013.62.12.1813
Existing level crossing obstacle detecting system was installed using a laser beam. Level crossing obstacle detecting system using a laser beam that has been a problem in relation to safety and maintainability failure according to weather conditions. We proposed laser radar level crossing obstacle detecting system as a way to overcome problem, and we developed an algorithm for this. Level crossing obstacle detecting system using a laser radar sensor algorithm is robust to external environment and a shadow zone does not exist. Sensor part of the laser radar level crossing obstacle detecting system of these is made up by the image processing unit and laser radar sensor, it operations by receiving train entering information from the control unit. In this paper, we proposed a detecting algorithm with calculation of the size of the laser radar sensor. Based on this, we were performance test on the basis of the scenario by making a prototype. In the future, laser radar level crossing obstacle detecting system to ensure the safety and reliability through the field test.
A Experimental Study on Train Speed and Wave Propagation Speed of Contact Wire according to the Speed-up
Lee, Kiwon ;
The Transactions of The Korean Institute of Electrical Engineers, volume 62, issue 12, 2013, Pages 1820~1823
DOI : 10.5370/KIEE.2013.62.12.1820
An overhead catenary system is the one of the main subjects for increasing speed in electric railway. When a vehicle increases the speed over 350km/h, vibrations and wave propagation reflections occur severely. Therefore, the system suitable for the speed are needed. A wave propagation speed of contact wire is the main criteria to determine the tension for the system. Therefore, a train speed is restricted below 70% of wave propagation speed of it in European railway code. In this study, we measured a strain and uplift of contact wire while HEMU-430X tain is operated for the speed-up trial test in Kyungbu high-speed railway. The measured strain and uplift are analyzed with wave propagation speed according to the speed-up. The more a train speed reaches to a propagation speed, the more measured strain is high. Through the study, an experimental approach is performed about the code which a train speed is restricted below 70% of wave propagation speed of it.