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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
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The Transactions of The Korean Institute of Electrical Engineers
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Journal DOI :
The Korean Institute of Electrical Engineers
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Volume & Issues
Volume 64, Issue 12 - Dec 2015
Volume 64, Issue 11 - Nov 2015
Volume 64, Issue 10 - Oct 2015
Volume 64, Issue 9 - Sep 2015
Volume 64, Issue 8 - Aug 2015
Volume 64, Issue 7 - Jul 2015
Volume 64, Issue 6 - Jun 2015
Volume 64, Issue 5 - May 2015
Volume 64, Issue 4 - Apr 2015
Volume 64, Issue 3 - Mar 2015
Volume 64, Issue 2 - Feb 2015
Volume 64, Issue 1 - Jan 2015
Selecting the target year
Impact Analysis of Wind Power on Power System Reliability with Electric Vehicles
Kim, Dam ; Park, Hyeongon ; Kwon, Hungyu ; Park, Jong-Keun ;
The Transactions of The Korean Institute of Electrical Engineers, volume 64, issue 11, 2015, Pages 1535~1542
DOI : 10.5370/KIEE.2015.64.11.1535
An increasing number of electric vehicles (EVs) in power system affects its reliability in various aspects. Especially under high EV penetration level, new generating units are required to satisfy system's adequacy criterion. Wind power generation is expected to take the major portion of the new units due to environmental and economic issues. In this paper, the system reliability is analyzed using Loss of Load Expectation (LOLE) and Expected Energy Not Served (EENS) under each and both cases of increasing wind power generation and EVs. A probabilistic multi-state modeling method of wind turbine generator under various power output for adequate reliability evaluation is presented as well. EVs are modeled as loads under charging algorithm with Time-Of-Use (TOU) rates in order to incorporate EVs into hour-to-hour yearly load curve. With the expected load curve, the impact of EVs on the system adequacy is analyzed. Simulations show the reliability evaluation of increasing wind power capacity and number of EVs. With this method, system operator becomes capable of measuring appropriate wind power capacity to meet system reliability standard.
Analysis for the Ferroresonance on the Transformer by Overvoltage and Prevention Measures
Yun, Dong-Hyun ; Shin, Dong-Yeol ; Cha, Han-Ju ;
The Transactions of The Korean Institute of Electrical Engineers, volume 64, issue 11, 2015, Pages 1543~1550
DOI : 10.5370/KIEE.2015.64.11.1543
Ferroresonance is a non-linear vibrational phenomenon that is generated by the electrical interaction of the inductance component with the capacitor component of a certain capacitance as the device of the inductance component such as a transformer is saturated due to the degradation, the waveform distortion of current and voltage, and the oscillation of overcurrent and overvoltage in a system. Recently, ferroresonance was generated from the waveform distortion of current and voltage, or the overvoltage or undervoltage phenomenon caused by the nature of an electrical power system and design technology of the transformer in the three phase transformer system. Hence, in general, ferroresonance analyzed by converting to the LC equivalent circuit. However, in general, the aforementioned analytical method only applies to the resonance phenomenon that is generated by the interaction of the capacitance of bussbar and grounding, and switching as the capacitor component with PT and the transformer as the inductance component in a system. Subsequently, the condition where ferroresonance was generated since overvoltage was supplied as line voltage to the phase voltage and thus the iron core is saturated due to the interconnection between grounded and ungrounded systems could not be analyzed when single phase PT was connected in a
/Y connection system. In this study, voltage swell in the configuration of grounded circuit of a step-up transformer with the
connection linked to PT for control power and the ferroresonance generated by overvoltage when the line voltage of the
connection was connected to the phase voltage of the grounded Y-Y connection were analyzed using PSCAD / EMTDC through the failure case of the transformer caused by ferroresonance in the system with the
/Y-Y connection, and subsequently, the preventive measure of ferroresonance was proposed.
Characteristics Analysis of Radially Magnetized Tubular type Magnetic Coupling
Kim, Chang-Woo ; Jung, Kyoung-Hun ; Choi, Jang-Young ;
The Transactions of The Korean Institute of Electrical Engineers, volume 64, issue 11, 2015, Pages 1551~1557
DOI : 10.5370/KIEE.2015.64.11.1551
Magnetic coupling is used where required high reliability. because magnetic coupling's durability is stronger than mechanical coupling's durability. This paper shows the characteristics of radially magnetized tubular type magnetic coupling by using Analytical method such as space harmonic method. Analytical method was used, to find force characteristics. First, on the basis of the magnetic vector potential and two-dimensional(2-D) polar-coordinate system, the magnetic field solutions of the radially magnetized permanent magnet are obtained. And we obtain the analytical solutions for the flux density produced by permanent magnet. Finally, we can calculate the force by using the Maxwell stress tensor. And then, Finite element method(FEM) is used to validate force characteristics.
Fan Effect for Temperature Rising Suppression of the Rare Earth IPMSM
Jo, Eul-Gyu ; Cho, Kwang-Jin ; Kim, Gyu-Tak ;
The Transactions of The Korean Institute of Electrical Engineers, volume 64, issue 11, 2015, Pages 1558~1563
DOI : 10.5370/KIEE.2015.64.11.1558
In this paper, temperature characteristic analysis was performed by using a thermal equivalent circuit. To suppress the temperature rising, the cooling fan was installed in rotor. The temperature of permanent magnet was reduced from 66[
] to 55[
] by installing the fan. The temperature of the permanent magnets is difficult to measure. Therefore the temperature of end winding was measured directly by the thermo couple. The validity of this study was demonstrated as compared the calculated results with experimental ones.
Sensing of Three Phase PWM Voltages Using Analog Circuits
Jou, Sung-Tak ; Lee, Kyo-Beum ;
The Transactions of The Korean Institute of Electrical Engineers, volume 64, issue 11, 2015, Pages 1564~1570
DOI : 10.5370/KIEE.2015.64.11.1564
This paper intends to suggest a sensing circuit of PWM voltage for a motor emulator operated in the inverter. In the emulation of the motor using a power converter, it is necessary to measure instantaneous voltage at the PWM voltage loaded from the inverter. Using a filter can generate instantaneous voltage, while it is difficult to follow the rapidly changing inverter voltage caused by the propagation delay and signal attenuation. The method of measuring the duty of PWM using FPGA can generate output voltage from the one-cycle delay of PWM, while the cost of hardware is increasing in order to acquire high precision. This paper suggests a PWM voltage sensing circuit using the analogue system that shows high precision, one-cycle delay of PWM and low-cost hardware. The PWM voltage sensing circuit works in the process of integrating input voltage for valid time by comparing levels of three-phase PWM input voltage, and produce the output value integrated at zero vector. As a result of PSIM simulation and the experiment with the produced hardware, it was verified that the suggested circuit in this paper is valid.
Mixed Mode Control of Constant Power and Constant Current for Resistance Spot Welder using Dynamic Resistance Characteristics
Kang, Sung-Kwan ; Jung, Jae-Hun ; Nho, Eui-Cheol ;
The Transactions of The Korean Institute of Electrical Engineers, volume 64, issue 11, 2015, Pages 1571~1577
DOI : 10.5370/KIEE.2015.64.11.1571
A new mixed mode control of constant power and constant current for resistance spot welding inverter is proposed to improve the weld quality. The conventional control scheme adopts constant current or constant power control mode, however, it is not easy to guarantee the high weld quality because of the nonlinear resistance characteristics of the welding point. The proposed method utilizes the nonlinear characteristics by measuring the dynamic resistance in real time. Therefore, it is possible for the welder to be controlled adaptively depending on the welding state. Experimental results show that the proposed control scheme improves the weld quality by 6.8 times compared with the conventional constant current mode control.
A Dispatching and Routing Algorithm for Personal Rapid Transit by Considering Congestion
Han, Chung-Kyun ; Kim, Baek-Hyun ; Jeong, Rag-Gyo ; Ha, Byung-Hyun ;
The Transactions of The Korean Institute of Electrical Engineers, volume 64, issue 11, 2015, Pages 1578~1586
DOI : 10.5370/KIEE.2015.64.11.1578
Personal rapid transit (PRT) is getting attention as a new form of transportation. It is energy efficient and provides the high level of passenger service. In this study, the dynamic PRT dispatching and routing problem is dealt with. Passengers request transportation service on a complex network, and an operating system monitors passenger arrivals and coordinates vehicles in real time. A new online dispatching and routing algorithm is proposed, which minimizes the total travel distance of vehicles and the waiting time of passengers. The algorithm dispatches vehicles by considering multiple vehicles' state and multiple passengers at the same time. In particular, finding the shortest-time path is attempted by taking into account the future congestion on lanes. Discrete-event simulation is employed to validate the performance of the proposed algorithm. The results show the algorithm in this study outperforms others.
A Study on the Discharge Characteristics of Micro Dielectric Barrier Discharge Cells by Adding TiO
or MgO Powder
Han, Chang-Wook ; Wi, Sung-Suk ; Lee, Don-Kyu ;
The Transactions of The Korean Institute of Electrical Engineers, volume 64, issue 11, 2015, Pages 1587~1591
DOI : 10.5370/KIEE.2015.64.11.1587
For a higher definition discharge cell, the method of high speed addressing is necessary. In order to modify the surface charges, the liquefied
or MgO powder is added on MgO layer in front glass and on the phosphor in rear glass in micro barrier discharge. Both the electro-optical properties and the discharge time lag characteristics are measured from 4 inch. test panel, such as the discharge voltage, current, luminance, luminous efficacy and discharge time lag. As the results, the statistic time lag is improved by about 40 %.
Fiber-optic Temperature Sensor Using a Silicone Oil and an OTDR
Jang, Jae Seok ; Yoo, Wook Jae ; Shin, Sang Hun ; Lee, Dong Eun ; Kim, Mingeon ; Kim, Hye Jin ; Song, Young Beom ; Jang, Kyoung Won ; Cho, Seunghyun ; Lee, Bongsoo ;
The Transactions of The Korean Institute of Electrical Engineers, volume 64, issue 11, 2015, Pages 1592~1597
DOI : 10.5370/KIEE.2015.64.11.1592
In this study, we developed a fiber-optic temperature sensor (FOTS) based on a silicone oil and an optical time domain reflectometer (OTDR) to apply the measurement of a coolant leakage in the nuclear power plant. The sensing probe of the FOTS consists of a silicone oil, a stainless steel cap, a FC terminator, and a single mode optical fiber. Fresnel reflection arising at the interface between the silicone oil and the single mode optical fiber in the sensing probe is changed by varying the refractive index of the silicone oil according to the temperature. Therefore, we measured the optical power of the light signals reflected from the sensing probe. The measurable temperature range of the FOTS using a Cu-coated silica fiber is from
and the maximum operation temperature of the FOTS is sufficient for usage at the secondary system in the nuclear power plant.
Robust Finite-time Dissipative State Feedback Controller Design for Discrete-time Uncertain Singular Systems
Kim, Jong Hae ; Oh, Do Chang ;
The Transactions of The Korean Institute of Electrical Engineers, volume 64, issue 11, 2015, Pages 1598~1604
DOI : 10.5370/KIEE.2015.64.11.1598
In this paper, we treat the problem of a robust finite-time dissipative state feedback controller design method for discrete-time singular systems with polytopic uncertainties. A BRL(bounded real lemma) for finite-time stability of discrete-time singular systems is derived. A finite-time dissipative state feedback controller design method satisfying finite-time stability and dissipativity is proposed by LMI(linear matrix inequality) technique on the basis of the obtained BRL. Moreover it is shown that the obtained condition can be extended into polytopic uncertain systems by proper manipulations. Finally, illustrative examples are given to show the applicability of the proposed method.
Formant Detection Technique for the Phonocardiogram Spectra Using the 1st and 2nd Derivatives
Kim, Dong-Jun ;
The Transactions of The Korean Institute of Electrical Engineers, volume 64, issue 11, 2015, Pages 1605~1610
DOI : 10.5370/KIEE.2015.64.11.1605
This study describes a new method to analyze phonocardiogram acquired from electronic stethoscope. The method uses the formant frequencies of linear prediction spectrum of the phonocardiogram and proposes a novel method for formant detection using the smoothing and the first and second derivatives. For this, stethoscope sounds are acquired in university hospital. The stethoscope signals are preprocessed and analyzed by the Burg algorithm, a kind of linear prediction analysis. Based on the linear prediction spectra, the formant frequencies are estimated. The proposed method has shown better performance in formant frequency detection than the conventional peak picking method.
Establishment of Preventive Measures against Faults Based on the Area of Severity to Voltage Sags
Park, Chang-Hyun ; Lee, Kyebyung ; Lee, Hansang ; Yoon, Dong-Hee ;
The Transactions of The Korean Institute of Electrical Engineers, volume 64, issue 11, 2015, Pages 1611~1617
DOI : 10.5370/KIEE.2015.64.11.1611
This paper presents an effective approach for establishing countermeasures against voltage sags based on the concept of area of severity. In order to apply preventive measures against faults such as lightning arrester, overhead earth wires and so on, it is important to find optimal points for installing the preventive measures. The optimal points can be determined by the calculation of the area of severity(AOS) to voltage sags and the expected sag frequency per unit length of line. In this paper, an effective method to find optimal points to apply countermeasures against voltage sags is addressed with case studies.
A Study on Reliability Analysis of Electric Railway Catenary System using FMECA
Youn, Eung-Kyu ; Choi, Kyu-Hyoung ;
The Transactions of The Korean Institute of Electrical Engineers, volume 64, issue 11, 2015, Pages 1618~1625
DOI : 10.5370/KIEE.2015.64.11.1618
The reliability of catenary system is very important for uninterrupted train operation as it supplies electric power to train without redundant facilities. This paper provides a systematic approach to the reliability analysis of the catenary system based on FMECA procedures defined by global standards such as MIL Std 1692a and IEC 60812. Field failure data collected from the operation and maintenance of high-speed railway catenary system for 9 years are used to derive critical failure modes and to evaluate the criticality of the failure modes. Evaluation of the criticality are carried out by quantitative procedures defined by MIL Std 1692a and by criticality matrix defined by IEC 60812. FMECA results suggests that three critical failure modes should be checked carefully during maintenance work, which include strand break of dropper and voltage equalizing wire, power supply failure of feeder. Maintenance procedure of catenary system in order of importance is suggested too. These results can be applied to maintenance planning and design of catenary system to improve the reliability of electric railway system.
A Study on Design of Multi-Winding Transformer for Poly Silicon Production using Heat Pipe
Lee, Chun-Bae ;
The Transactions of The Korean Institute of Electrical Engineers, volume 64, issue 11, 2015, Pages 1626~1630
DOI : 10.5370/KIEE.2015.64.11.1626
This paper reflected the Temperature test value and compare the Computational Fluid Dynamic analysis value on particular characteristics of the multi-winding transformer's cooling apparatus equipped by heat pipe with excellent heat transfer ability on design Particularly if you look at multi-winding transformers that supply high-quality Direct current power to silicon production apparatus, heat generation due to high current supply is excessive thus, an innovative cooling apparatus is required in particular for reduced size transformer.
A Study on the Design of the Operator Training Simulator for Power Monitor and Control System in the Railway System
Cho, Yoon-Sung ;
The Transactions of The Korean Institute of Electrical Engineers, volume 64, issue 11, 2015, Pages 1631~1638
DOI : 10.5370/KIEE.2015.64.11.1631
This paper describes the design methodology of the operator training simulator for power monitor and control system in the railway system. In power system, the purpose of energy management system was to monitor, control, and analyze the performance of generation and transmission system based on H/W and S/W. Network analysis applications provide a clear picture of power system characteristics using state estimation, power flow and short circuit analysis. In this respect, the operator training system in the railway system should be equipped with the methodology of these systems. First, the proposed database structure in the railway system was introduced. Then the overall structure of operator training system based on railway analysis applications was proposed. Finally, a methodology to verify the performance of the developed applications was described.
A Study on the Control to Compensate Position Sensor Error of the BLDC Motor in an Auxiliary Air Compressor
Kim, In-Gun ; Hong, Hyun-Seok ; Lee, Ju ;
The Transactions of The Korean Institute of Electrical Engineers, volume 64, issue 11, 2015, Pages 1639~1644
DOI : 10.5370/KIEE.2015.64.11.1639
Auxiliary air compressor(ACM) applied to railroad cars is a device which controls amount of compressed air in order that pantographs can be mounted correctly on the roof of an electric train. Existing ACMs consist of dc motors and brushes wear out due to friction with a commutator. Therefore, continuous maintenance is required. However, three phase BLDC motors have higher power density compared to dc motors and the machine maintenance is not needed because electric commutation is possible. The three phase generally uses hall sensors to get position information and this enables the accurate control. This paper suggests an algorithm that compensates the errors occurred when the hall sensors have a breakdown for stable operation.
Study of Magnetic Sensor Harmonic Reduction to Improve Direct Driven Motors Performance Applied to Platform Screen Doors
Kim, Yun-Soo ; Lee, Ju ;
The Transactions of The Korean Institute of Electrical Engineers, volume 64, issue 11, 2015, Pages 1645~1650
DOI : 10.5370/KIEE.2015.64.11.1645
This paper presents the 3-dimensional electromagnetic field analysis method and correction of sensor distortion that is used by a motor speed sensor. The magnetic sensors are being expanded due to lower price than the other speed sensors such as resolver and encoder. Magnetic sensor generates sine and cosine waves when the motor rotates. However, the sine and cosine signals are distorted due to magnetic noise, which makes the angle error of the sensor, generated near by the Hall element. This paper defines an optimal design variables by using the Taguchi method to minimize output distortion of the magnetic sensor and permanent magnet. To enhance reliability of the magnetic position sensor from sensitivity error, assembly amplitude mismatch and the electrical angle, 3-Dimensional electromagnetic finite element method and correction algorithm errors were performed in due of the magnetic sensor in order to improve the quality of the initial production model.
Loss and Efficiency Dependence of a 6.78 MHz, 100 W, 30 cm Distance Wireless Power Transfer System on Cable Types
Lee, Seung-Hwan ; Lee, Byung-Song ; Jung, Shin-Myung ; Park, Chan-Bae ;
The Transactions of The Korean Institute of Electrical Engineers, volume 64, issue 11, 2015, Pages 1651~1657
DOI : 10.5370/KIEE.2015.64.11.1651
In MHz operating wireless power transfer systems, skin- and proximity-effect losses in the transmitter and the receiver coils dominate the coil-to-coil efficiency of the system. A Litz-wire was regarded as a common solution for minimizing such Ohmic losses in high frequencies. In this paper, equivalent series resistances of 12 different cables including Litz-wire and copper tubing have been calculated and measured for a 6.78 MHz, 100W, 30 cm wireless power transfer system. It has been shown that the copper tubing has lower resistances compared to the Litz-wire in that frequency and a wireless power transfer system with the copper tubing was able to achieve much higher efficiency than a system using the Litz-wire. Calculations of the resistances and efficiencies were accomplished with analytical equations and those calculations were evaluated by experimental results.