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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
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Journal of the Society of Naval Architects of Korea
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The Society of Naval Architects of Korea
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Volume & Issues
Volume 28, Issue 2 - Oct 1991
Volume 28, Issue 1 - Apr 1991
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Hull Form Development of an AFRAMAX Tanker with a Composite Stern Frameline Concept
Ho-Chung Kim ; Chun-Ju Lee ; Su-Hyung Kim ;
Journal of the Society of Naval Architects of Korea, volume 28, issue 2, 1991, Pages 1~11
A hull form for an Aframax tanker whore form parameters cover the values of
has been developed by applying a composite stern frameline concept and its excellent performance has been evaluated through a series of model tests at the Korea Research Institute of Ships and Ocean Engineering. The tests showed that this concept was very much promising in the cases of wide breadth and shallow draught vessels and suitably applicable to the stern frameline shape. For the comparison, a hull form developed by Japanese 'H' yard has been selected and the performances of two hull forms were evaluated by model tests and theoretical calculations. The comparison shows that Daewoo hull form requires less effective power by 10% and less delevered power by 5-6% at both full load and ballast conditions. In addition, it is suggested that Hushes method can give better correlationthan Froude method because the full scale resistance extrapolated by Froude method would be very much optimistic in case of the hull form with very low value of form factor.
A Study on the Relational Data Model for the Representation of Ship Structure
Y.D. Kim ; K.Y. Lee ; S.W. Seo ; H.Y. Ryu ; C.H. Hong ;
Journal of the Society of Naval Architects of Korea, volume 28, issue 2, 1991, Pages 12~20
The informations of ship structural design have been represented as the form various drawing plants, but to enhance the design productivity, it is necessary to utilize the advanced technologies such as CAD system and database management system. In this study, efforts are focused on the data modelling of those informations of midship configuration and attribute for the integration of ship structural design programs through database system. As actual example, midship configuration of bulk carrier was visualized by computer graphics. Relational data model is employed and topological informations is used for the best treatment of geometries representing structural arrangement. RDBMS 'ORACLE' was used for the implementation of the results.
A Study of Geometric Modeling for Ship Hull Forms Using Open Uniform B-spline Surface
H.K. Shin ; K.W. Park ;
Journal of the Society of Naval Architects of Korea, volume 28, issue 2, 1991, Pages 21~27
This paper outlines the method of formulating the bi-cubic B-spline surface of ship hull, employing the open uniform knot vector as well as the periodic uniform knot vector. An appropriate set of B-spline control vertices to generate the B-spline surface is determined by obtaining the pseudoinverse matrix of basis functions. The comparison between the given offsets and the resulting coordinates from the generated ship hull surface shows a good agreement. To check the fairness of the surface Gaussian curvature is calculated on many small subpatches and displayed on the black-and-white plot of the isoparametric net of the surface.
A Study on the Optimal Forebody Forms for Minimum Wave Resistance
Sung-Eun Kim ;
Journal of the Society of Naval Architects of Korea, volume 28, issue 2, 1991, Pages 28~39
A study on the optimization problems to find forebode shapes with minimum wavemaking and frictional resistance was performed. The afterbody was fixed as a given hull and only forebode offsets were treated as design variables. Design variables were divided into the offsets of given hull and small variation from them. For the wavemaking resistance calculation, Neumann-Kelvin theory was applied to the given hull and thin ship theory was applied to the small variation. ITTC 1957 model-ship correlation line was used for the calculation of frictional resistance. Hull surface was represented mathmatically using shape function. As object function, such as wavemaking and frictional rersistance, was quadratic form of offsets and constraints linear, quadratic programing problem could be constructed. The complementary pivot method was used to find the soulution of the quadratic programing problem. Calculations were perfomed for the Series 60
=0.6. at Fn=0.289. A realistic hull form could be obtained by using proper constraints. From the results of calculation for the Series 60
=0.6, it was concluded that present method gave optimal shape of bulbous bow showing a slight improvement in the wave resistance performance at design speed Fn=0.289 compared with the results from the ship theory only.
A Propeller Design Method with a New Blade Section : Applied to Container Ships
J.T. Lee ; M.C. Kim ; J.W. Ahn ; S.H. Van ; H.C. Kim ;
Journal of the Society of Naval Architects of Korea, volume 28, issue 2, 1991, Pages 40~51
A Propeller design method using the newly developed blade section(KH18), which behaves better cavitation characteristics, is presented. Experimental results for two-dimensional foil sections show that the lift-drag curve and the cavitation-free bucket diagram of the new blade section are wider comparing to those of the existion NACA sections. This characteristic of the new section is particularly important for marine propeller applications since angle of attack variation of the propeller blade operating behind a non-uniform ship's wake is relatively large. A lifting surface theory is used for the design of a propeller with the developed section for a 2700 TEU container ship. Since the most suitable chordwise loading shape is not known a priori, chordwise loading shape is chosen as a design parameter. Five propellers with different chordwise loading shapes and different foil sections are designed and tested in the towing tank and cavitation tunnel at KRISO. It is observed by a series of extensive model tsets that the propeller(KP197) having the chordwise loading shape, which has less leading edge loading at the inner radii and more leading edge loading at the outer radii of 0.7 radius, has higher propulsive efficiency and better cavitation characteristics. The KP197 propeller shows 1% higher efficiency, 30% cavitation volume reduction and 9% reduction of fluctuating pressure level comparing to the propeller with an NACA section. More appreciable efficiency gain for the new blade section propeller would be expected by reduction of expanded blade area considering the better cavitation characteristics of the new blade section.
Development of KD- Propeller Series using a New Blade Section
J.T. Lee ; M.C. Kim ; J.W. Ahn ; H.C. Kim ;
Journal of the Society of Naval Architects of Korea, volume 28, issue 2, 1991, Pages 52~68
A new propeller series is developed using the newly developed blade section(KH18 section) which behaves better cavitation characteristics and higher lift-drag ratio at wide range of angle-of-attack. The pitch and camber distributions are disigned in order to have the same radial and chordwise loading distribution with the selected circumferentially averaged wake input. Since the geometries of the series propeller, such as chord length, thickness, skew and rate distribations, are selected by regression of the recent full scale propeller geometric data, the performance prediction of a propeller at preliminary design stage can be mure realistic. Number of blades of the series propellers is 4 and the expanded blade area ratios are 0.3, 0.45, 0.6 and 0.75. Mean pitch ratios are selected as 0.5, 0.65, 0.8, 0.75 and 1.1 for each expanded area ratio. The new propeller series is composed of 20 propellers and is named as KD(KRISO-DAEWOO) propeller series. Propeller open water tests are performed at the experimental towing tank, and the cavitation observation tests and fluctuating pressure measurements are carried out at the cavitation tunnel of KRISO.
curves, which can be used to select the optimum propeller diameter at the preliminary design stage, are derived from a regression analysis of the propeller often water test results. The KD-cavitation chart is derived from the cavitation observation test results by choosing the local maximum lift coefficient and the local cavitation number as parameters. The caviy extent of a propeller can be predicted more accurately by using the KD-cavitation chart at a preliminary design stage, since it is derived from the results of the cavitation observation tests in the selected ship's wake, whereas the existing cavitation charts, such as the Burrill's cavitation chart, are derived from the test results in uniform flow.
Design of 2-Dimensional Blade Section for Prescribed Velocity Distribution by a Vortex Based Panel Method
K.J. Cho ; G.I. Choi ; J.D. Kim ;
Journal of the Society of Naval Architects of Korea, volume 28, issue 2, 1991, Pages 69~76
A design method based on the surface vorticity distribution is developed to generate a two-dimensional blade section for prescribed velocity distribution in potential flow. The boundary condition used to determine the strength of vorticity distribution requires that the surface of blade section should be a streamline of the resulting flow. In order to obtain the required final geometry of a two-dimensional blade section, an iterative procedure is used. A computer program is developed and several numerical results are presented.
A Numerical Simulation of Ship Waves by Finite Difference Method
Kyu-Jong Cho ; Kang-Hoon Lee ; Young-Gill Lee ;
Journal of the Society of Naval Architects of Korea, volume 28, issue 2, 1991, Pages 77~94
A finite difference method based on MAC method is used to simulate free-surface waves around a ship. Euler equations and continuity equation are differentiated using the forward time and central space, and solved by time marching scheme. By the employment of variable mesh system in horizontal and vertical direction, the numerical accuracy of wave simulation results is grossly improved. To verify the improvement of numerical accuracy, some numerical simulations are accomplished for Wigley, Series 60(
=0.6) and a bulk carrier model. The computational results are compared to the various experimental data and show good agreements.
Vortex-Induced Vibration of Flexible Cylinders Having Different Mass Ratios
Tae-Young Chung ;
Journal of the Society of Naval Architects of Korea, volume 28, issue 2, 1991, Pages 95~103
A series of experiments were performed to see the dependence of the response characteristics of vortex-induced vibration of flexible cylinders on mass rations for marine applications. Experiments were conducted in the
test section of the cavitation tunnel at the Korea Research Institute of Ships and Ocean Engineering using 5 test rods of 60cm length and 6mm diameter with different mass ratios. It was confirmed quantitatively from the experiments that the low mass ratio cylinders have much broader flow velocity range of large amplitude vibrations than high mass ratio ones.
The Effect of Surface Tension on the Transient Free-Surface Flow near the Intersection Point
G.J. Lee ; K.P. Rhee ;
Journal of the Society of Naval Architects of Korea, volume 28, issue 2, 1991, Pages 104~117
When a body starts to move, the flow near the intersection point between a body and a free surface changes violently and rapidly in a very short initial time interval. This flow phenomena must be investigated whenever one treats the interaction between a body and a fluid, such as the motion of a floating body, sloshing in a tank, wave maker problem, entry of a body into a fluid etc.. Until Roberts(1987), it was widely accepted that a singularity exists at the intersection point. However, he showed that the singularity does not exist if a body moves non-impulsively. In this paper, an analytical solution cosistent for the case of impulsive motion of a body is obtained by including the effect of surface tension. From the characteristics of the newly obtained solution, a critical value associated with an oscillating phenomenon is found, and further more, it is shown that the oscillating phenomenon does not appear in the region where the distance form the intersection point is less than this critical value.
Study on the Vortex Shedding Phenomena Near Free Surface
Seok-Won Hong ; Pan-Mook Lee ;
Journal of the Society of Naval Architects of Korea, volume 28, issue 2, 1991, Pages 118~131
The effects of free surface on vortex shedding phenomena around a bluff body were studied by both numerical simulation and flow visualization experiments. A vortex method, which approximates the vorticity field as the sum of discrete vortices; was used for the numerical simulation. Flow visualization experiments were performed in the KRISO cavitation tunnel. Hydrogen bubble was used as illumination material. Free surface elevation was also measured during experiments. The hydrodynamic drag and lift were predicted by numerical simulation. The predicted period of vortex shedding was compared with the results of experiments.
LDV Measurements of Turbulent Flow around Propeller Shaft at Cavitation Tunnel
J.W. Ahn ; B.S. Hyun ; J.T. Lee ;
Journal of the Society of Naval Architects of Korea, volume 28, issue 2, 1991, Pages 132~145
Experimental studies are made of the characteristics of turbulent flow around the propeller shaft in Cavitation Tunnel using a 2-component LDV system. First the flow uniformity and turbulence levels at the test section are measured. The turbulent boundary layer around the propelle shaft and the wakes behind the propeller shaft are also measured. It is shown that the former represents the general turbulent boundary layer around the propeller shaft but the latter represents the complicated flows behind it.
A Study on Turbulent Boundary Layer around a Two-Dimensional Hydrofoil using LDV System
J.W. Ahn ; J.T. Lee ; K.S. Kim ; C.Y. Lee ;
Journal of the Society of Naval Architects of Korea, volume 28, issue 2, 1991, Pages 146~158
The flow around a two-dimensional foil section Is measured by a LDV(Laser Doppler Velocimetry) system which is capable of measuring the datailed flow field without interfering the original flow field. A 2-color 3-beam LDV system, which is capable of mea,;tiring 2 velocity components simultaneously and uses 2W Ar-Ion laser source, is used to measure the flow field around an NACA0012 foil section. The measured flow velocities are analysed iii order to study the boundary layer characteristics, flow separation and the detail structure of the flow near the trailing edge of the foil. The boundary layer characteristics are compared with the results by the head's momentum integral method. For the case of small angle of attack at relatively higher Reynolds number, both results show good agreements. The measured data of the velocity field around an NACA0012 foil section would be valuable data to validate the CFD(Computational Fluid Dynamic) calculation results. The developed experimental technique to evaluate the characteristics of two-dimensional foil sections is essential tool to develope new blade sections which have good lift characteristics and better cavitation performances.
A Potential-Based Panel Method for the Analysis of A Two-Dimensional Super-Cavitating Hydrofoil
Y.G. Kim ; C.S. Lee ; J.T. Lee ;
Journal of the Society of Naval Architects of Korea, volume 28, issue 2, 1991, Pages 159~173
This paper describes a potential-based panel method formulated for the analysis of a super-cavitating two-dimensional hydrofoil. The method employs normal dipoles and sources distributed on the foil and cavity surfaces to represent the potential flow around the cavitating hydrofoil. The kinematic boundary condition on the wetted portion of the foil surface is satisfied by requiring that the total potential vanish in the fictitious inner flow region of the foil, and the dynamic boundary condition on the cavity surface is satisfied by requiring thats the potential vary linearly, i.e., the tangential velocity be constant. Green's theorem then results in a potential-based integral equation rather than the usual velocity-based formulation of Hess & Smith type. With the singularities distributed on the exact hydrofoil surface, the pressure distributions are predicted with improved accuracy compared to those of the linearized lilting surface theory, especially near the leading edge. The theory then predicts the cavity shape and cavitation number for an assumed cavity length. To improve the accuracy, the sources and dipoles on the cavity surface are moved to the newly computed cavity surface, where the boundary conditions are satisfied again. This iteration process is repeated until the results are converged. Characteristics of iteration and discretization of the present numerical method are much faster and more stable than the existing nonlinear theories. The theory shows good correlations with the existing theories and experimental results for the super-cavitating flow. In the region of small angles of attack, the present prediction shows and excellent comparison with the Geurst's linear theory. For the long cavity, the method recovers the trends of the Wu's nonlinear theory. In the intermediate regions of the short super-cavitation, the method compares very well with the experimental results of Parkin and also those of Silberman.
Vibration Analysis of Frame Structural Systems by the Receptance Method
S.Y. Han ; K.C. Kim ;
Journal of the Society of Naval Architects of Korea, volume 28, issue 2, 1991, Pages 174~186
There exist many frame structural systems which may be regarded as a combined structural system composed of beam/bar elements and attachments reducible to damped spring-mass systems. In this paper, analytical methods based on the receptance for the vibration analysis of such a system are presented. For the free vibration analysis and response calculations to point excitations, receptances of a uniform Timoshenko beam and a bar are derived in closed and spectral forms, and the method to obtain the system receptance by synthesizing the receptances of the elements and other subsystems is presented. The system damping property is also obtainable by sysnthesizing the components' damping properties. For calculations of the system responses to support motion, the Support Displacement Transfer Ratio(SDTR) of a uniform Timoshenko beam and a bar conceptually similar to the receptance is defined, and the method of synthesizing them with other subsystems' receptances is also presented. Such a method is very convenient especially in dynamic reanalysis subject to changes of some design variables.
Vibration Analysis of a Beam-Column with Elastically Restrained Ends and Various Intermediate Constraints
J.M. Lee ; S.H. Lee ; K.C. Kim ;
Journal of the Society of Naval Architects of Korea, volume 28, issue 2, 1991, Pages 187~194
Vibration analysis methods of a beam-column with elastically restrained ends and various intermediate constraints such as rectilinear springs, rotational springs and concentrated masses are presented. Firstly, an exact method of solutions based on Hamilton's principle and Laplace transform method is shown. This method of solutions is very complicate in cases of having Intermediate constraints more than two. Therefore, Rayleigh-Ritz method using the eigenfunctions of the base system, the system without intermediate constraints, are also investigated. Extensive numerical examples carried out for comparisons with known published works show that the latter method has easy adaptability for wide varieties of boundary conditions and intermediate constraints, and gloves good accuracy for various intermediate constraints with reasonable number of terms in construction of a trial function.
Review of the Application of the First-Order Reliability Methods to Safety Assessment of Structures
Joo-Sung Lee ;
Journal of the Society of Naval Architects of Korea, volume 28, issue 2, 1991, Pages 195~206
This paper is concerned with comparison of the first-order reliability methods applied to the assessment of structural safety. For convenience the reliability methods are divided into two categories : the One can explicitly consider the effects of uncertainties in material and geometric variables on those of load effects, say stresses and displacement in the structural analysis procedure and the other one does not. The first method is commonly termed as the stochastic finite element method(SFEM) or probabilistic finite element method(PFEM) and the second method is termed heroin as the ordinary reliability method to distinct it from the stochastic finite element method in which the structural analysis is carried out just once and the load effects are directly input into the reliability analysis procedure. This is based on the reasonable assumption that the level of uncertainties of load effects is the same as those of load itself. In this paper the above two different reliability method have been applied to the safety assessment of plane frame structures and compared thier results from the view point of their efficiency and usefulness. As lear as results of the present structure models are concerned, it can be said that the ordinary reliability method can give reasonable results when the uncertainties of material and geometric variables are comparatively small, say when less than about 15% and the stochastic finite element method is desired to be applied to the structure in which the COV's are comparatively great, say when greater than about 15%.
Reliability Analysis of Floating Offshore Structure - Fundamental Study of System Reliability Analysis -
Joo-Sung Lee ;
Journal of the Society of Naval Architects of Korea, volume 28, issue 2, 1991, Pages 207~227
The impact of the system reliability analysis to structural design is described in this paper and various methods for system reliability analysis developed up to the present are reviewed and discussed from the view point of their efficiency. The paper also includes the detailed formulation procedure of the, so called, extended incremental load method has applied to relatively simple structure to show its usefulness.
A Study on the Fatigue Reliability of Structures by Markov Chain Model
Y.S. Yang ; J.H. Yoon ;
Journal of the Society of Naval Architects of Korea, volume 28, issue 2, 1991, Pages 228~240
Many experimental data of fatigue crack propagation show that the fatigue crack propagation process is stochastic. Therefore, the study on the crack propagation must be based on the probabilistic approach. In the present paper, fatigue crack propagation process is assumed to be a discrete Markov process and the method is developed, which can evaluate the reliability of the structural component by using Markov chain model(Unit step B-model) suggested by Bogdanoff. In this method, leak failure, plastic collapse and brittle fracture of the critical component are taken as failure modes, and the effects of initial crack distribution, periodic and non-periodic inspection on the probability of failure are considered. In this method, an equivalent load value for random loading such as wave load is used to facilitate the analysis. Finally some calculations are carried out in order to show the usefulness and the applicability of this method. And then some remarks on this method are mentioned.
Ship Structural Reliability Analysis by Probabilistic Finite Element Method
S.J. Yim ; Y.S. Yang ; J.H. Kim ;
Journal of the Society of Naval Architects of Korea, volume 28, issue 2, 1991, Pages 241~250
The reliability analysis for web frame of tanker is carried out by the probabilistic finite element method combined with the classical reliability method such as MVFOSM and AFOSM which can be used for calculating the probability of failure for the complicated structures in which the limit state equation is implicitly expressed. As random variables external load, elastic modulus, sectional moment of inertia and field stress are chosen and Parkinson's iteration algorithm in AFOSM is used for reliability analysis. By adding only the covariance data of the random variables to the input data set required for conventional finite element method, the present method can easily calculate the probability of failure at every element end as well as the covariances of structural reponses such as displacements at every element end and member forces at every element, even for the complicated ship structure.
The System Reliability Analysis of Web Frame by Plastic Strength Analysis
Y.S. Yang ; S.J. Yim ;
Journal of the Society of Naval Architects of Korea, volume 28, issue 2, 1991, Pages 251~267
Plastic strength analysis using plastic failure mode as a limit state is adopted instead of a conventional elastic structural analysis to predict the ultimate strength of Web frame idealized by a plane frame. Linear programming arid Compact procedure are developed for determining the collapse load factor. It is found that the final results are good agreement with the results of Elasto-plastic analysis. Besides, the redundant structures like Web frame is known to have multiple failure modes. Web frame may collapse under any of the possible failure modes. Thus, the identification of these possible failure modes is necessary and very important in the reliability analysis of Web frame. In order to deal with multiple failure modes, automatic generation method of all failure modes and basic failure modes is used for selecting the dominant failure modes. The probability of failure pastic collapse of Web frame is calculated using these dominant failure modes. The safety of Web frame is asscssed and compared by performing the deterministic and probabilistic analysis.
An Empirical Noise Prediction on Board
Gyung-M. Kim ; Nho-S. Kim ; Hyun-J. Kang ; Jae-S. Kim ;
Journal of the Society of Naval Architects of Korea, volume 28, issue 2, 1991, Pages 268~274
The methods of prelimiuary noose prediction by Janssen, Buiten, etc are introduced. The distribution of noise levels in newly built ships are investigated. A new procedure for noise prediction is proposed which reflects the results of the investigations. The dominant noise souroes(M/E, D/G) are regarded as one virtual source. The structureborne transmission loss are divided into vortical and horizontal components and the latter component depends on the number of decks as well as the number of frames. The all considered cabins are standardized with typical cabins which have the same acoustic properties. The measured and predicted noise levels are compared In the tables.
An Experimental Study on Fatigue Fracture Behaviour of Surface Crack in Finite Plates and Fillet Welded T-joint
M.S. Han ; J.D. Kim ; H.S. Lee ;
Journal of the Society of Naval Architects of Korea, volume 28, issue 2, 1991, Pages 275~284
Fatigure crack growth from surface defects is one of the most important subjects for the evaluation and the assurance of safety in pressure vessels, piping systems, ship hulls and other various structures. This paper attempts to analysis some practical or general problems such as the estimation of crack growth life to penetrate the plate thickness, based on fatigure crack growth from a single surface flaw and the interaction of multiple flaws. An experiment on the coalescence of multiple undercuts was carried out under cyclic tension condition as a attempt to the analysis of multiple crack problems. It is noted that the fracture strength is characterized by the analogy to that in a single crack growth.
A Study On Fatigue Analysis of Offshore Tubular Joints
K.N. Cho ; Y.S. Jang ; W.I. Ha ; C.D. Jang ; S.J. Kang ; D.H. Nam ;
Journal of the Society of Naval Architects of Korea, volume 28, issue 2, 1991, Pages 285~292
In this paper, typical tubular joints' fatigue strength is investigated focussing un the Stress Concentration Factors calculation using Finite Element Methods. For the calculation of the SCF of the members, the joints are modeled using thin shell elements and comprehensive analysis are carried out. Related techniques for the numerical analysis are studied. Experimental studies are performed for the verification and comparison with the numerical analysis results. Model tests of K joints are carried out not only for finding SCF values but also for the calculation of fatigue lives of the joints using specially designed test facilities.
A Study on the Computer Program for the Shipboard Noise Prediction - using Statistical Energy Analysis -
Sa-Soo Kim ; Ku-Kyun Shin ; Hong-Gi Lee ;
Journal of the Society of Naval Architects of Korea, volume 28, issue 2, 1991, Pages 293~306
During the last few years recommendations or regulations concerning permissible noise levels on shirts have been issued by the authorities in most countries. For these reasons the need for useful and accurate noise prediction computer programs has been emphasized. A noise prediction program can make it possible to find the most economical solution to achieve a certain noise requirement. This paper attempts to develop a noise prediction computer program using statistical energy analysis(SEA). In this paper, the SEA is used to predict the sound transmission loss for airborne noise and the vibration amplitude of the panel consisting of ship spaces such as floor, wall, and ceiling for structureborne noise. And in order to verify the prediction, a small passenger vessel, G/T120 tons, is selected. It has been shown that the prediction is capable of giving results in good practical agreement with measurements and therefore it is useful for predicting the nolle levels in ships and establishing the countermeasures at early design stage.
Geometrically Nonlinear Analysis of Eccentrically Stiffened Plate
Jae-Wook Lee ; Kie-Tae Chung ; Young-Tae Yang ;
Journal of the Society of Naval Architects of Korea, volume 28, issue 2, 1991, Pages 307~317
A displacement-based finite element method is presented for the geometrically nonlinear analysis of eccentrically stiffened plates. The nonlinear degenerated shell and eccentric isobeam(isoparametric beam) elements are formulated on the basis of total Lagrangian and updated Lagrangian descriptions. To describe the stiffener's local plate buckling mode, some additional local degrees of freedom are used in the eccentric isobeam element. The eccentric isobeam element can be affectively employed to model the eccentric stiffener just like the case of the degenerated shell element. A detailed nonlinear analysis including the effects of stiffener's eccentricity is performed to estimate the critical load and the post buckling behaviour of an eccentrically stiffened plate. The critical buckling loads are found higher than analytic plate buckling load but lower than Euler buckling load which are the buckling strength requirements of classification society.
An Experimental Study on Performance of the Fixed-type OWC Chamber for Wave-Energy Conversion
B.S. Hyun ; P.M. Lee ; D.S. Gong ;
Journal of the Society of Naval Architects of Korea, volume 28, issue 2, 1991, Pages 318~328
The present paper describes the experimental study on the fixed-type wave-energy conversion system, consisting of the OWC-type wave-energy absorbing chamber and the duct for the air turbine. For simplicity, a screen of wire mesh was employed in place of an air turbine in order to simulate its effects on OWC chamber. Experiments were performed at the towing tank in regular waves with the frequency range of 0.22-0.75Hz. Comparison wish the numerical prediction using a potential flow-based method  was made to validate the capability of numerical code. It was shown that the agreements between measured and calculated results are quite good, giving a confidence in prediction method. Simulation of air turbine using a wire-mesh screen was successful, at least in a qualitative sense, to investigate the inter action between the OWC chamber and an air turbine. Results also showed that the effects of a wire-mesh screen on chamber efficiency are negligible, and the present model can be effectively utilized for the practical use in ocean waves with the frequency range under 0.3Hz.