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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
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Journal of the Society of Naval Architects of Korea
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Journal DOI :
The Society of Naval Architects of Korea
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Volume & Issues
Volume 29, Issue 4 - Nov 1992
Volume 29, Issue 3 - Aug 1992
Volume 29, Issue 2 - May 1992
Volume 29, Issue 1 - Mar 1992
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Knowledge-based Expert System for the Preliminary Ship Structural Design
Y.S. Yang ; Y.S. Yeon ;
Journal of the Society of Naval Architects of Korea, volume 29, issue 1, 1992, Pages 1~13
The objective of this study is to develop knowledge-based system for the preliminary design and midship section design of bulk carrier and to enhance the applicability of knowledge engineering in the field of Naval Architecture. First, expert system shell called E.1 is developed in C language. E.1 supports backward-chaining, automatic iteration procedure and reiterative inference mechanism for efficient application of knowledge-based system in structural design. Knowledge representation in E.1 includes IF-THEN rules, 'facts'and 'tables'. Second, knowledge bases for the principal particulars and midship section design are developed by experimental formula, design standard and experiential knowlege. Third, hybrid system combined this knowledge-based system with the optimization program of midship section is developed. Finally, the simplified design method utilizing the regression analysis of the optimum results of stiffened plate is developed for facilitating the design process. Using this knowledge-based system, the design process and results for Bulk carrier and stiffened plates are discussed. It is concluded that knowledge-based system is efficient for preliminary design and midship section design of the ship. It is expected that the performance of the CAD system would be enhanced if the better knowledge-base is accumulated in the E.1 tool.
Analytical Evaluation of the Surface Integral in the Singularity Methods
Jung-Chun Suh ;
Journal of the Society of Naval Architects of Korea, volume 29, issue 1, 1992, Pages 14~28
For a planar curve-sided paned with constant or linear density distributions of source or doublet in the singularity methods, Cantaloube and Rehbach(1986) show that the surface integral can be transformed into contour integral by using Stokes' formulas. As an extension of their formulations, this paper deals with a planar polygonal panel for which we derive the closed-forms of the potentials and the velocities induced by the singularity distributions. Test calculations show that the analytical evaluation of the closed-forms is superior to numerical integration(suggested by Cantaloube and Rehbach) of the contour integral. The compact and explicit expressions may produce accurate values of matrix elements of simultaneous linear equations in the singularity methods with much reduced computer tiome.
Theoretical Analysis of Open Water Characteristics of a Rudder
I.Y. Gong ; C.G. Kang ; C.M. Lee ;
Journal of the Society of Naval Architects of Korea, volume 29, issue 1, 1992, Pages 29~42
A potential based panel method is used to predict the open water characteristics of spade-type rudders. The inflow velocity is assumed to be constant in lime and uniform in space. Source and dipole are distributed on the rudder surface. It is assumed that the wake surface is streaming from trailing edge and it is represented by dipole distribution. In this paper, wake geometry is assumed by imposing appropriate conditions at the trailing edge and far from the body. The effects of wake geometry are studied. The pressure Kutta condition is applied at the trailing edge, the effects of which are compared with those of two-dimensional Kutta condition. The results of calculations for a spade-type rudder are compared with published results. It is concluded that this approach shows fairly good agreement with experimental results and can be used in the initial design stage of a rudder.
The Numerical Calculation of the Velocity Components Induced by a Havelock Source
Seon-Hyung Kang ;
Journal of the Society of Naval Architects of Korea, volume 29, issue 1, 1992, Pages 43~54
A method of evaluating the velocity components induced by a Havelock source is presented in this paper. The mathematical manipulation of x, y and z-derivative of the Green function of the Havelock source by the use of contour integration on the complex plane has resulted in the expressions that can be readily incorporated with computer program. The accuracy and efficiency that can be secured by the use of the present mathematical expressions have been convincingly found to be highly satisfactory.
On the Characteristics of Hydrodynamic Forces in a Restricted Water
I.H. Cho ; Hang-S. Choi ;
Journal of the Society of Naval Architects of Korea, volume 29, issue 1, 1992, Pages 55~60
A study has been made on the hydrodynamic forces on and the motion response of a sliding block in a bay within the framework of linear potential theory. To simplify the problem, following assumptions are made : The configuration of the bay is a long channel with narrow width, constant depth and straight coastline. Incident waves are long compared to the depth. We applied matched asymptotic expansion techniques. The flued domain is subdivided into three regions ; ocean, bay entrance, bay regions. Boundary-vague problems are solved first in each region. Then unknown coefficients are determined by matching individual solutions at the intermediate region between two neighboring legions. It is found that the motion of the block is greatly amplified at the resonant frequencies, in particular at the quarter wavelength mode. We examined the mechanism of negative added mass, which results from the localized hydrodynamic resonance.
Application of FPK Equation for Nonlinear Ship Rolling in Irregular Seas
Sun-Hong Kwon ; Jung-Han Chung ; Tae-Il Lee ;
Journal of the Society of Naval Architects of Korea, volume 29, issue 1, 1992, Pages 61~70
The method presented in this paper predicts the rolling motion of ships due to wave action. The Forker-Planck-Kolmogrov(FPK) method is adopted to evaluate the probability density function of the rolling motion which is of vital importance for design purposes. The apprximate solution of the FPK equation is obtained through averaging procedure. The accuracy of the proposed method is demonstrated by comparing with Dalzell's simulation and those from Roberts method as well.
Cooperative Experimental Study on Deck Wettings for the S-175 Container Ship Model
Kwang-June Bai ; Do-Chun Hong ; Seok-Won Hong ; Sa-Young Hong ; Deuk-Joon Yum ; In-Kyu Park ;
Journal of the Society of Naval Architects of Korea, volume 29, issue 1, 1992, Pages 71~80
The Seakeeping committee of Korea Towing Tank Conference executed the cooperative experimental study on deck wetting phenomena using S-175 contatiner model ships. Two members, Korea Research Institute of Ships and Ocean Engineering(KRISO) and Hyundai Maritime Research Institute(HMRI) participated in the study. This study was initiated by the ITTC(International Towing Tank Conference) Seakeeping Committee as the cooperative study of the 19th ITTC aiming at the establishement of the model test procedure on the deck wetting phenomena. Special emphasis was made on the determination of reliable record length for experimental measurement on rarely occurring events(such as deck wetness, slamming etc). Comparisons were made on both the test results and the test procedrues in this research. The measured frequencies of deck wetting show remarkable deviations between the runs. This fart implies that sufficiently long record length is required in the deck wetness measurement compared to the conventional ship motion tests. Careful considerations were made on the physical interpretation of the deck wetting phenomena, the correlation between the measured relative motion at stemhead and the measured deck wetness, and the estimation of deck wetting frequencies by Poisson process.
An Analysis of Excitation Forces on the Ship Hull Induced by the Propller
C.S. Lee ; J.T. Lee ; J.C. Suh ; Y.G. Kim ;
Journal of the Society of Naval Architects of Korea, volume 29, issue 1, 1992, Pages 81~92
This paper deals with the procedure for developing a computer program which can predict the pressure fluctuation on the ship hull by solving the boundary value problem on the hull subject to the influence of the unsteady propeller and cavity motions. The program is applied to the solution of flow around a sphere under the influence of point sources simulating the propeller cavity, and then is compared with the analytic solution based on Butler's sphere theorem. The effect of free surface condition, either pressure-free or rigid-wall, upon the pressure distribution is studied. The computer code is also applied to a RO-RO ship, leading to the conclusion that the package may be useful for the analysis of excitation forces on the ship hull induced by the propeller in the design process.
Safety Assessment of Double Skin Hull Structure against Ultimate Bending and Fatigue Strength
P.D.C. Yang ; Joo-Sung Lee ;
Journal of the Society of Naval Architects of Korea, volume 29, issue 1, 1992, Pages 93~102
In this paper presented is the reliability analysis of a double skinned hull structure against the ultimate bending moment and fatigue strength under longitudinal bending. The ultimate bending strength is obtained through the beam-column approach in which the load-end shortening curves(stress-strain curves) of stiffened plates under mini-axial compression are derived using the concept of plastic hinge collapse. The fatigue damage only is considered as fatigue failure for which the Miner's damage rule is employed. Assessed are fatigue reliability for the possible joint types found at deck structure. Also included is the reliability analysis of a series system of which elements are ultimate and fatigue failure.
Reliability Assessment against Ultimate Bending Moment of Ships′ Hull Girder
Joo-Sung Lee ; P.D.C. Yang ;
Journal of the Society of Naval Architects of Korea, volume 29, issue 1, 1992, Pages 103~112
The ultimate bending moment of ships is one of the principle strength considered in ship design. Several methods have been proposed to predict the ultimate bending moment and its major part is, in general, predicting the ultimate compressive strength of stiffened panels. In this paper, made is the review on the methods and formulae of predicting the ultimate compressive strength and they are applied to predicting the ultimate bending moment. Safely levels of three bulk carriers have been derived evaluated for two loading conditions, stray, light ship condition and full load condition, and wave bending by Classification Society Rule(ABS, DnV and Lloyd Rule). The present reliability analysis problem is strictly non-linear and the Advanced First-Order Reliability Method has been used. From the results of parametric studies, the methods of predicting the ultimate compressive strength of stiffened panels are compared from the view point of their applicability to the reliability assessment of ships structures. The paper ends wish a brief discussion drawn from the parametric studies and the extension of the study is described.
Study on the Transmission Loss of Structureborne Noise Using Statistical Energy Analysis
Hyun-Ju Kang ; Jae-Seung Kim ;
Journal of the Society of Naval Architects of Korea, volume 29, issue 1, 1992, Pages 113~122
When predicting shipboard noise levees, the accuracy depends largely on the value of the structureborne noise transmission loss. Although empirical formulars are frequently used because of their simplicities, researches on the analytical methods to estimate the transmission loss of structureborne noise such as wave guide theory and SEA has long bean one of the major topics in shipboard acoustics to overcome the inherent limiations of empirical ones. This paper describes an application of SEA to predict the transmission loss of the structureborne noise of a simple shiplike structural mode1 consisted of 22 flats plates. The result shows trial discrepancies between experimental and theoretical transmission losses are less than 3 dB.
Acoustic Performance of the Multilayered Panel with Helmholtz Resonators
Jong-Soo Seo ; Jae-Jin Jeon ;
Journal of the Society of Naval Architects of Korea, volume 29, issue 1, 1992, Pages 123~134
The reduction of the airborne noise level is essential to the comfortability for mien and passengers in ships. In this paper, the acoustic characteristics on the multilayered acoustic panel with the Helmholtz resonator was described analytically and experimentally. The design software based on the Transfer Matrix Analysis(TMA) method for the acoustic enclosing panel was developed. According to the change of the design parameters of the panel, verious transmission losses were obtained using the developed software. As a result, it was verified that the acoustic characteristics of the composite panel was excellent in comparison with the conventional acoustic partitioning structures. This panel can be applicable to the acoustic enclosure system.
Hydroelastic Analysis of Structural Vibration in Contact with Fluid
K.T. Chung ; Y.B. Kim ; H.S. Kang ; J.H. Roh ;
Journal of the Society of Naval Architects of Korea, volume 29, issue 1, 1992, Pages 135~142
In the vibration analysis or submerged of floating bodies such as ship and offshore structures, the coupled system between structure and fluid satisfying the compatibility conditions on the wetted surface should be considered. It is well known that the hydroelastic analysis of structural vibration in contact with fluid can be solved by applying the finite element method to structure and the boundary element method to fluid domain. However such an approach is impractical, because fluid added mass matrix is fully coupled on whole wetted surface. To overcome this shortcoming, an efficient approach based on reanalysis scheme is proposed in this paper. The proposed method can be applied for cases with higher modes lacking 3-D reduction factor J as well as beam-like modes of marine structures. It is well known the traditional method using 2-D added mass and J-factor is good only for beam-like modes with reliable J values. The validity and the calculation efficiency of the proposed method are proved with numerical examples.
Sensitivity Analysis of Dynamic Characteristics of Structural Systems by the Transfer Matrix Method and the Combined Finite Element-Transfer Matrix Method
D.S. Cho ; K.C. Kim ;
Journal of the Society of Naval Architects of Korea, volume 29, issue 1, 1992, Pages 143~157
For the design of structural systems having the prescribed or optimum dynamic characteristics, some design changes of the initially designed system are required. In these cases, if the sensitivity analysis which can predict the changes of dynamic characteristics due to the changes of design variables is applied, the design changes can be carried out rationally and very efficiently. For many structural systems, it is well known that the analysis by the transfer matrix method(TMM) and the combined finite element-transfer matrix method(FETMM) is more efficient than the analysis by the finite element method. However, most known studies on the sensitivity analysis of structural systems premise using the finite element method. In this paper, the sensitivity analysis methods by the TMM and the FETMM are presented and some numerical investigations on the beam-column with elastically restrained ends and intermediate contraints and the stiffened plate having subsystems are carried out. The results of the numerical examples show good accuracy and computational efficiency of the presented methods, and show that the application of sensitivity analysis in the dynamic characteristic reanalysis give good results within the practically changeable range of design variables.
Vibration Analysis of Mindlin Plates Using Polynomials Having the Property of Timoshenko Beam Functions
J.H. Chung ; T.Y. Chung ; K.C. Kim ;
Journal of the Society of Naval Architects of Korea, volume 29, issue 1, 1992, Pages 158~172
In ships and offshore structures, there are many local structures formed of thick plates and/or having the form of double wall panels. For the vibration analysis of such a kind of structures, Mindlin plate theory which includes the effects of shear deformation and rotary inertia is usually adopted. In this paper, the vibration and dynamic sensitivity analysis of Mindlin plates having the boundary conditions elastically restrained against rotation have been accomplished using the Rayleigh-Ritz method. Polynomials having the property of the Timoshenko beam functions are introduced and used as trial functions in the spatial representation of the deflection and rotations of cross sections in two directions of the plates. The results obtained by the introduced polynomials gave nearly the same numerical results as those by the Timoshenko beam functions with the remarkable reduction of computational efforts especially in the dynamic sensitivity analysis.
A Production Planning System for Assembly Process of Offshore Structure Modules
Jeong-Je Kim ; So-Heum Park ;
Journal of the Society of Naval Architects of Korea, volume 29, issue 1, 1992, Pages 173~190
Considerable number of offshore platforms have been built in Korean shipyards ever since 1976. Unlike for the cases of building ships, however, negligible efforts have been made to establish planning methodology for building onshore platforms. Severe congestion has been shown in the processes of assemblying modules of platforms. The module which is the upper part of a platform is a steel structure accommodating various types of outfittings and machinaries. The production planned without proper consideration on allocating work loads by trade used to show severe interferences among trades of workers and resulted in delayed completion. In this paper, a method of planning module assembly in consideration of leveling work loads by trade is discussed. A system of planning has been formulated and tested on a exampled case of producing a mix of 72 modules. The test showed a possibility of saving 31% of manpower and trimming 11% of through put time.
A Two-Dimensional Simulator for Plate Forming by Line Heating
Jong-Gye Shin ;
Journal of the Society of Naval Architects of Korea, volume 29, issue 1, 1992, Pages 191~200
In order to simulate the line heating process which is a three-dimensional transient thermo elastic plastic state, a simple modified strip model is suggested. First attempt is made to verify the validity of the model using a finite element program, and the result gives good agreement with the plate theory where conventional two-dimensional model fails totally.