Go to the main menu
Skip to content
Go to bottom
REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
> Journal Vol & Issue
Journal of the Society of Naval Architects of Korea
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
The Society of Naval Architects of Korea
Editor in Chief :
Volume & Issues
Volume 31, Issue 4 - Nov 1994
Volume 31, Issue 3 - Aug 1994
Volume 31, Issue 2 - May 1994
Volume 31, Issue 1 - Feb 1994
Selecting the target year
On the Development of Design Wave Loads in Classification Rules(II)
J.Y. Song ; Y.K. Chon ; T.B. Ha ;
Journal of the Society of Naval Architects of Korea, volume 31, issue 4, 1994, Pages 1~7
As a subsequent work presented in Ref. which deals with the global dynamic wave loads in the classification rules, further studies on such as the dynamic pressures above load waterline, motions and accelerations and other local design loads were carried out. Frequency domain 2D linear strip theory is employed and statistical analyses for the concerned ship responses were carried out for the 17 existing ships to derive simple and descriptive formula which can be used as a guidelines at preliminary design stage as well as a part of classification rules. The calculated results and thereby proposed formula are compared with those of other available data, and will be incorporated in the rules for steel ships of Korean Register of Shipping.
A Study on Self-Unloading System
H.J. Bae ; W.J. Cha ;
Journal of the Society of Naval Architects of Korea, volume 31, issue 4, 1994, Pages 8~14
The aim of this paper is the introduction and investigation of the characteristics and outline of self-unloading systems from the bulk handling point of view. Some years of experiences from the building of self-unloading bulk carriers are described hereunder.
A Reference Model for the Computer-Aided Design of Hull Forms
Soon-Hung Han ; Soon-Sub Lee ;
Journal of the Society of Naval Architects of Korea, volume 31, issue 4, 1994, Pages 15~22
The efforts to utilize modern computers for the hull form design of ships, started in the 1960s. In Korea, tools for the computer-aided hull form design such as FORAN system have been used from the 1970s. However, the development efforts for such tools have just started. To maximize the output from the limited research resources in this field, a reference model for the development is proposed. The model cail be used to decompose the task into sub-tasks, and to integrate the separately developed component technologies afterwards. To produce the reference model, the state-of-the-arts has been surveyed. including both foreign and domestic researches, within both shipbuilding industry and general CAD sectors. In the process, component functions for the hull form design have been identified. The reference model is constructed using these identified component functions.
A Study on the Interactive Ship Compartmentation Modelling Technique Using Graphical User Interface
W.S. Kang ; K.Y. Lee ;
Journal of the Society of Naval Architects of Korea, volume 31, issue 4, 1994, Pages 23~31
The compartmentation model is represented by the characteristics and geometric information of the spaces defined by the structural members which are used for the boundary planes of the compartment. For the efficient compartment modeling a program performing the compartmentation design by the chopping and merging method was presented by authors. In this research, the development of an interactive ship compartmentation modeller is introduced. It is natural that the value of the program lessens if the input process is complicated and uneasy, even though the internal techniques for the compartmentation modeling are superior. In this paper, a method for the convenient input is proposed and implemented with the help of a graphical user interface technique. The modeling method introduced in this paper performs an efficient compartmentation modeling fast and conveniently by the solid modeling concept and the graphical user interface.
Definition of Ship Hull using
J.S. Park ; D.J. Kim ;
Journal of the Society of Naval Architects of Korea, volume 31, issue 4, 1994, Pages 32~40
This paper describes a smooth surface interpolating method of ship hull using a three-dimensional currie net that comes from the mesh curve fairing process. Geometric continuity((
) is preserved across the boundary curve between patches. The three-dimensional curve net can have nonrectangular topologies, such as triangular and pentagonal topology. Among the boundary curve interpolation methods, Hermite blended Coons patch, Convex combination, and Gregory patch interpolation method are used to generate the ship hull surface. To check the fairness of the surface, the numerical method of surface/surface intersection problem is adopted. An application to an actual ship hull is given as an example.
Numerical Simulation of Incompressible Laminar Flow around a Propeller Using the Multigrid Technique
W.G. Park ;
Journal of the Society of Naval Architects of Korea, volume 31, issue 4, 1994, Pages 41~50
An iterative time marching procedure for solving incompressible viscous flows has been applied to the flow around a propeller. This procedure solves three-dimensional Navier-Stokes equations on a moving, body-fitted, non-orthogonal grid using first-order accurate scheme for the time deivatives and second-and third-order accurate schemes for the spatial derivatives. To accelerate iterative process, a multigrid technique has been applied. This procedure is suitable for efficient execution on the current generation of vector or massively parallel computer architectures. Generally good agreement with published experimental and numerical data has been obtained. It was also found that the multigrid technique was efficient in reducing the CPU time needed for the simulation and improved the solution quality.
A Study on the Frequency Transfer Function of a Full-Scale Ship Considering the Multi-Directional Waves
J.C. Kim ; I.K. Park ; H.J. Jo ; J.A. Kim ;
Journal of the Society of Naval Architects of Korea, volume 31, issue 4, 1994, Pages 51~57
In this study, the method for calculation of the frequency transfer function of motions based on the multi-directional waves in the analysis of a full-scale seakeeping trials is presented. For calculation of the frequency transfer function in the directional waves, Takezawa's inverse estimation method was introduced and the frequency ranges were divided into three parts in order to consider following seas. To confirm the validity of this method, the numerical simulation was executed. Those results show that analysis method of the multi-directional waves is more reliable than that of one directional waves, and confirm the possibility of applying this method to the full-scathe seakeeping trials.
A Study on Grid Dependencies of the Numerical Solutions for Ship Viscous Flows
K.J. Kang ; S.H. Lee ;
Journal of the Society of Naval Architects of Korea, volume 31, issue 4, 1994, Pages 58~65
It is very important to understand characteristics of solution due to the variation of computational grid sizes, especially when turbulence model not incorporating wall-function is used. The present paper performs numerical investigation on the grid dependency of numerical solution for three dimensional turbulent flow field around a ship. In the present study a finite volume method with a modified sub-grid scale turbulence model and a numerically constructed non-orthogonal curvilinear coordinate system capable of conforming complex ship geometries are used. Numerical studies are then performed for a mathematical Wigley hull and the Series 60,
hull forms. The results for various grid sizes are compared with each other and with measured data to show grid dependencies of numerical solutions.
An Experimental Study on the Characteristics of Propeller and Rudder in Oblique Towing Conditions
S.K. Lee ; H.S. Kim ; S.J. Kim ; M.J. Song ; S.H. Kim ;
Journal of the Society of Naval Architects of Korea, volume 31, issue 4, 1994, Pages 66~72
For the reliable prediction of maneuverability of a ship, lots of captive model tests have been carried out for over 10 years. But the parameters appearing in the mathematical model are so versatile and showing complex characteristics, and it is still hard to establish the useful formulae that we can adopt directly in the design stage. In this paper, the most important parameters in the mathematical model. i.e.(
) the effective wake fraction at propeller, and
), the effective rudder inflow angles are investigated by the captive model tests at the circulating water channel. The model is tested at designed speed and at low speed, and the drafts at both full load and ballast load conditions are taken. Propeller thrusts and rudder normal forces are measured at the given drift angle and propeller revolution. These forces are used for the analysis of the effective flow velocity or flow direction, to the propeller or rudder.
On the Removal of Irregular Frequencies in the Prediction of Ship Motion in Waves
H.Y. Lee ; D.J. Yum ;
Journal of the Society of Naval Architects of Korea, volume 31, issue 4, 1994, Pages 73~81
The source and source/dipole distribution methods using 3-dimensional panel method have been widely used for ship motion analysis. When these methods are used, large errors in the predicted hydrodynamic coefficients are introduced around the irregular frequencies caused by the resonance of imaginary internal flow. Therefore, the irregular frequencies need to be removed for an accurate prediction of ship motion. This paper adopts 3-dimensional translating and oscillating Green function derived by Wu. The adaptive integration method, stretching transform and stationary phase method are used for the calculation of the calculation of Green function and the integral equation is derived by distributing the Green function n ship surface and inner free-surface. The condition of zero normal velocity, that is, wall condition on inner free-surface has been successfully used for the removal of irregular frequencies in oscillating problems. The calculations are carried out for series 60(
) vessel and the results are compared with those of other theoretical analyses and experiment.
Analysis of Manoeuvrability of a Ship in Waves by 3-Dimensional Panel Method
S.P. Ann ; K.P. Rhee ;
Journal of the Society of Naval Architects of Korea, volume 31, issue 4, 1994, Pages 82~98
A mathematical model for the hydrodynamic forces acting on the ship manoeuvring in waves is formulated and a numerical method for the problem is developed. The motion of a ship, which manoeuvres in waves, may be thought to have two components; one is a high frequency component due to encounter waves, and the other is a low frequency component due to manoeuvring motion. So the method of two time scale expansion is used to divide linear boundary value problem. For the effects of waves on the manoeuvring motion of a ship, only the second order drift forces are considered. The integral equation for the velocity potential is solved by 3 dimensional panel method and hydrodynamic forces are calculated by direct integral method.
An Automatic Data Generation Procedure for Finite Element Structural Analysis of Cargo Holds of a Ship
S.W. Park ; J.G. Shin ;
Journal of the Society of Naval Architects of Korea, volume 31, issue 4, 1994, Pages 99~108
As a consequent result of our previous paper, "Development of Automatic Data Generation Program for Finite Element Structural Analysis of Oil Tankers", the objective of this paper is to develop an automatic modeling program for the three-dimensional finite element structural analysis of hull modules of general commercial ships, especially oil tankers, bulk carriers, and container ships. Based on the proposed algorithm in , the followings are newly added: general applicability for three ship types, automatic mesh division interface with MSC/NASTRAN, direct wave load calculation interface, and Graphic User Interface technology in the process of input data preparation. The usefulness of this procedure is verified by calculation examples. examples.
A Study on the Optimum Structural Design of High Speed Ships with Twin Hulls
C.D. Jang ; S.I. Seo ; S.K. Kim ; J.O. Kwon ; S.D. Park ;
Journal of the Society of Naval Architects of Korea, volume 31, issue 4, 1994, Pages 109~118
In this study, an optimization method to design the hull structure of the surface effect ships with twin hulls is proposed for the purpose of minimization of weight based on the regulations of DnV class, and computer programs following the method are developed. The method uses simple formulas as to bending and buckling strength of beams and plates to design local structures, and considers the effect of interaction between longitudinal girders and transverse web frames by grillage analysis and calculates torsional strength of the cross structure by the simplified method. Global optimization of the midship section is attained by integration of optimized substructures. According to optimized results by applying the method to the designed ship, reduction of 20 percent of hull weight can be shown, and optimum transverse frame space can be obtained.
On the Grounding Damage of Ship Bottom Stiffened Platings(Part II : Damage Prediction Formula)
Jeom-Kee Paik ; Tak-Kee Lee ;
Journal of the Society of Naval Architects of Korea, volume 31, issue 4, 1994, Pages 119~129
The aim of the present study is to derive an empirical formula relating the absorbed energy and the cutting length for longitudinally stiffened steel palates which are cut by a wedge, idealizing the ship bottom stiffened platings in groundings. This study is based on the test results and the investigations of some parameters affecting the cutting response, described in Part I. By dimensionless ana1ysis of the test results obtained in a quasi-static loading condition, the energy absorbed while a longitudinally stiffened plate is cut by a wedge is expressed as functions of the cutting length, the yield stress, the equivalent plate thickness and the wedge angle. Also, the dynamic effects are incorporated into the static formula such that the proposed formula can be applied to the impact loading situations. The validity of the proposed formula is checked by comparing with the results obtained by the other existing formulas or by the drop-hammer tests.
Buckling Characteristics of Ship Bottom Plate - On the Stiffener Restraint Effects -
Juh-H. Ham ; Ul-N. Kim ;
Journal of the Society of Naval Architects of Korea, volume 31, issue 4, 1994, Pages 130~138
Bottom plates of empty hold are subjected to not only water pressure but also bi-axial inplane loads, specially in the alternate full loading full loading condition of bulk carrier. This kind of plate behaviours is very difficult to be explained and to be estimated using common buckling design guide in the initial design stage of hull structure, therefore, some more concrete studies for this plate structure was performed based on the currently developed buckling estimation formula. In this buckling formula, torsional stiffness effects of edge stiffener are included additionally and effects of elastic buckling strength of plate panel are treated as characteristic value problem. Also considering boundary stiffener effects and inplane and lateral loading, evaluation of bottom plate scantling using this formula, calculated results using various classification regulation of buckling strength and results of first report approach are compared each other and useful guides using developed formula for bottom plate scantling design are discussed.
Plate Forming Automation System of Steel Plates by Line Heating Method(I)
Joo-Sung Lee ; Sang-Il Kim ; Seok-Jin Oh ;
Journal of the Society of Naval Architects of Korea, volume 31, issue 4, 1994, Pages 139~146
In this paper a feasible way toward the automation for plate forming by line heating method is proposed. For this a mechanical model representing the line heating phenomenon is adopted and a reasonable algorithm is introduced to search the heating path under the given heating conditions, which can produce the surface very similar to the given surface. A computer program system has been developed according to the proposed algorithm here. It has been applied to two curved shapes to show its validity. From the results it has been found that the proposed algorithm and the developed computer program system give a good result and can be a possible way getting to the automation system of plate forming by the line heating method.
Discrete Optimum Design of Ship Structures by Genetic Algorithm
Y.S. Yang ; G.H. Kim ; W.S. Ruy ;
Journal of the Society of Naval Architects of Korea, volume 31, issue 4, 1994, Pages 147~156
Though optimization method had been used for long time for the optimal design of ship structure, design variables in the most cases were assumed to be continuous real values or it was not easy to solve the mixed integer optimum design problems using the conventional optimization methods. Thus, it was often tried to use various initial starting points to locate the best optimum paint and to use special method such as branch and bound method to handle the discrete design variables in the optimization problems. Sometimes it had succeed, but the essential problems for dealing with the local optimum and discrete design variables was left unsolved. Hence, in this paper, Genetic Algorithms adopting the biological evolution process is applied to the ship structural design problem where the integer values for the number of stiffen design variables or the discrete values for the plate thickness variables would be more preferable in order to find out their effects on the final optimum design. Through the numerical result comparisons, it was found that Genetic Algorithm could always yield the global optimum for the discrete and mixed integer structural optimization problem cases even though it takes more time than other methods.
Probabilistic Analysis of Forced-Damped Torsional Vibration of Marine Diesel Propulsion Shafting Systems
S.Y. Ahn ; M.B. Krakovski ;
Journal of the Society of Naval Architects of Korea, volume 31, issue 4, 1994, Pages 157~166
Recently. the excessive diesel engine torsional excitation of typical energy saving ships has resulted in severe damages of the propeller shaft. Up to now the design and torsional vibration analysis of the marine diesel shafting system has been performed on the assumption that excitations are deterministic. But a diesel engine excitation varies randomly from cylinder to cylinder and from cycle to cycle, due to the imperfect operation of the engine components due to engine misfiring. consequently, a more rational analysis method for the propulsion shafting torsional vibration is required. In this paper probabilistic analysis method of the marine diesel engine shafting system under torsional vibration is presented. First a response surface representing maximum shear stresses in a shafting system is built. Then Monte Carlo simulation with subsequent approximation of the results by one of Pearson's curves, is performed. Some numerical results based on the proposed method are compared with t도 some numerical data available. They show acceptable agreements with the data.