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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
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Journal of the Society of Naval Architects of Korea
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Journal DOI :
The Society of Naval Architects of Korea
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Volume & Issues
Volume 50, Issue 6 - Dec 2013
Volume 50, Issue 5 - Oct 2013
Volume 50, Issue 4 - Aug 2013
Volume 50, Issue 3 - Jun 2013
Volume 50, Issue 2 - Apr 2013
Volume 50, Issue 1 - Feb 2013
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A Fundamental Study on the Vertical-Axis Wind Turbine for Fishing Boat using Numerical Analysis
Jeong, Kwang-Leol ; Lee, Young-Gill ; Ha, Yoon-Jin ; Kang, Bong Han ; Kang, Dae-Sun ;
Journal of the Society of Naval Architects of Korea, volume 50, issue 6, 2013, Pages 365~372
DOI : 10.3744/SNAK.2013.50.6.365
In this study, the flow characteristics and structural safety of a 500W class vertical-axis wind turbines(VAWT) for a fishing boat are investigated by numerical simulations. Guide vanes to increase the performance of the VAWT are investigated. And the best guide vane in the numerical simulations is applied to the VAWT. Also, modal analyses are performed to find out the natural frequencies of the VAWT, and the resonance safety of the VAWT is evaluated. The structural analysis of the VAWT is carried out by one-way FSI(Fluid Structure Interaction). And the results are used for the evaluation of structural safety according to IEC 61400-1 code. Finally, the possibility of the installation of the VAWT on the wheelhouse of a 9.77ton class fishing boat is checked. The results of the present research could be used as one of the fundamental data to design a VAWT for a fishing boat.
A Study on the Simplified Model for the Weight Estimation of Floating Offshore Plant using the Statistical Method
Seo, Seong-Ho ; Roh, Myung-Il ; Ku, Nam-Kug ; Shin, Hyun-Kyung ;
Journal of the Society of Naval Architects of Korea, volume 50, issue 6, 2013, Pages 373~382
DOI : 10.3744/SNAK.2013.50.6.373
The weight of floating offshore plant, such as an FPSO(Floating, Production, Storage, and Off-loading unit) and an offshore wind turbine, is important for estimating the amount of production material and for determining the production method. Furthermore, the weight is a factor which affects in the building cost and production time of the floating offshore plant. Although the importance of the weight has long been recognized, the weight has been roughly estimated by using the existing design and production data, and designer's experience. To solve this problem, a simplified model for the weight estimation of the floating offshore plant using the statistical method was proposed in this study. To do this, various data for estimating the weight of the floating offshore plant were collected through the literature survey, and then the correlation analysis and the multiple regression analysis were performed to generate the simplified model for the weight estimation. Finally, to examine the applicability of the developed model, it was applied to examples of the weight estimation of an FPSO topsides and an offshore wind turbine. As a result, it was shown that the developed model can be applied the weight estimation process of the floating offshore plant at the early design stage.
Development of a Simplified Vulnerability Analysis Program for Naval Vessel
Shin, Yun-Ho ; Kwon, Jeong-Il ; Chung, Jung-Hoon ;
Journal of the Society of Naval Architects of Korea, volume 50, issue 6, 2013, Pages 383~389
DOI : 10.3744/SNAK.2013.50.6.383
Analysis and review of survivability is one of the most important aspects when naval vessels are designed. Because aiming points of threat towards the naval vessels in the battle field could not be estimated exactly, probabilistic and statistic approach is frequently introduced to evaluate and enhance the vessel survivability. Some commercial survivability analysis programs are used to perform the analysis for enhancement of susceptibility, vulnerability and recoverability but, they are usually classified and impossible to be exported to other countries because of their national security. In this paper, a simplified vulnerability analysis program is developed to evaluate the vulnerability of the warship in aspects of structure, redundancy and its mission capability at the conceptual design stage. To verify the developed program, the analysis results were compared with those of the commercial program MOTISS(Measure of Total Integrated System Survivability).
Experimental Study on Sloshing Loads in a B-Type Independent Tank
Kim, Sang-Yeob ; Ahn, Yangjun ; Kim, Yonghwan ; Heo, Joo-Ho ; Jeong, Taeseok ; Lee, Chul-Ho ; Kim, Do-Hyun ;
Journal of the Society of Naval Architects of Korea, volume 50, issue 6, 2013, Pages 390~398
DOI : 10.3744/SNAK.2013.50.6.390
In this paper, an experimental study on sloshing problems in an independent B-type tank of STX Offshore and Shipbuilding Co. is described. Recently STX Offshore and Shipbuilding Co. introduced a new design of an independent B-type tank in order to reduce sloshing impact loads on LNG CCS. This tank has many internal members, so that sloshing flow and the resultant hydrodynamic loads are very different from those in typical membrane tanks. In this study, a series of sloshing experiment have been carried out for 1/50 scale model, and the main characteristics of sloshing load on the independent tank are observed. The properly scaled internal members such as swash bulkhead, center bulkhead and stringers have been installed in the test tank model, but sloshing pressures are measured on the tank walls only. The forced excitation signals have been generated by using the predicted ship motion in irregular sea states. The characteristics of sloshing loads on this tank have been observed in different filling levels with various heading angles, and sea states. In this paper, some key findings from the model tests are discussed.
Study on the Drag Performance of the Flat Plates Treated by Antifouling Paints
Paik, Bu-Geun ; Kim, Kyung-Youl ; Cho, Seong-Rak ; Ahn, Jong-Woo ; Cho, Sang-Rae ; Kim, Kyung-Rae ; Chung, Young-Uok ;
Journal of the Society of Naval Architects of Korea, volume 50, issue 6, 2013, Pages 399~406
DOI : 10.3744/SNAK.2013.50.6.399
In the present study, the flat plate model test method is developed to evaluate the skin friction of the marine coating in the cavitation tunnel. Six-component force balance is used to measure the profile drag of the flat plate and strut. LDV(laser Doppler velocimetry) technique is also employed to evaluate the drag and to figure out the reason of the drag reduction. The flow velocities above the surface can be used to assess the skin friction, combined with direct force measurement. Since the vortical structure in the coherent turbulence structure influences on the skin friction in the high Reynolds number regime, the interaction between the turbulence structure and the surface wall is paying more attention. This sort of thing is important in the passive control of the turbulent boundary layer because the skin friction can't be determined only by wall condition. As complicated flow phenomena exist around a paint film, systematic measurement and analysis are necessary to evaluate the skin friction appropriately.
Design Idea of Suspension for Traction Wheel of Novel High Speed Towing Carriage
Koo, Seong-Pil ; Kim, Hyochul ; Ham, Yeun-Jae ;
Journal of the Society of Naval Architects of Korea, volume 50, issue 6, 2013, Pages 407~413
DOI : 10.3744/SNAK.2013.50.6.407
In the conventional towing tank, the ordinary towing carriage has a speed barrier which caused not only by the limitation of the length of towing tank but also the limitation of acceleration. Therefore the length of the towing tank should be decided carefully from the planning stage of the towing tank construction. Consequently the acceleration of the towing carriage should be taken less than 0.06g practically to avoid the slip of the wheel on rail. Due to the increasing demand of the high speed experiments on the development of special novel ship, the requirement of the high speed towing carriage is continuously increased recently. When the minimum measuring time of the towing experiment is prescribed as five seconds, the carriage should be accelerated with higher than 0.12 g to get the speed of 18 m/sec even in the towing tank having a length of 400m in length approximately. This means that the requirement of acceleration is bigger than twice of the ordinary practices of carriage acceleration. In such a condition the exerted total power of motor could not converted to traction force for the acceleration of the carriage without slip. To over come these difficulties a pair of horizontal traction wheels are reinforced to each of the ordinary vertical carrier wheel and appropriate suspension system has been devised for the towing tank of super high speed operation. It is believed that the design of novel suspension system adaptable for the high speed acceleration of towing carriage will play a important role as a reference for the remodeling of the towing tank for high speed experiment.
An Experimental Study on Generation and Measurement Method of EG/AD Model Ice at Cold Room for Improvement of Its Properties
Cho, Seong-Rak ; Jeong, Seong-Yeob ; Ha, Jung-Seok ; Kang, Kuk-Jin ;
Journal of the Society of Naval Architects of Korea, volume 50, issue 6, 2013, Pages 414~420
DOI : 10.3744/SNAK.2013.50.6.414
Generation and measurement methods of EG/AD model ice, which is used in KIOST ice model basin are investigated for improvement of its properties. Temperature of seed water, air temperature in the freezing phase and the target air temperature in the tempering phase were changed in the cold room, and the properties of model ice was measured in this conditions. We also verified a conventional measuring method of flexural strength of model ice caused a little measuring error in cold room, so that we suggested a new measuring method that must be used higher supports than double the thickness of the model ice. In this study, we improved the generation and measurement technique of EG/AD model ice, and the developed procedure at cold room can be applied to the KIOST ice model basin.
Study on the Angle-of-Attack Characteristics of the Rudder in Rotating Propeller Flow
Jung, Jae Hwan ; Baek, Dong Geun ; Yoon, Hyun Sik ; Kim, Ki-Sup ; Paik, Bu-Geun ;
Journal of the Society of Naval Architects of Korea, volume 50, issue 6, 2013, Pages 421~428
DOI : 10.3744/SNAK.2013.50.6.421
This study aims at numerically investigating the angle of attack characteristics of the rudder behind a rotating propeller. The rotating propeller of 5 blades and the full spade rudder are placed in the numerical water tunnel with a uniform flow condition to consider propeller-rudder interaction. The turbulence closure model is employed to simulate the three-dimensional unsteady incompressible viscous turbulent flow around the propeller and the rudder. The present numerical method are well verified by comparing with the experimental results. In order to identify the dependence of the angle of attack of the rudder on the rudder angle, a wide range of rudder angles is considered. The present study carried out the quantitative and qualitative analysis of the angle of attack in terms of the pressure distribution, streamlines and the evaluation of the flow incidence, resulting in that the angle of attack increases as we move from the root and the tip to the center of the rudder, regardless of the rudder angle. The distribution of the angle-of-attack along the span is strongly affected by rotating propeller flow and rudder angle. Consequently, the distribution of the angle-of-attack of the oncoming flow against the rudder leading edge plays a role in determination of rudder performance.
Study of a Characteristics of Maneuvering Mathematical Model of Twin POD Cruise Ship
Kim, Yeon-Gyu ; Yun, Kun-Hang ; Kim, Sun-Young ; Son, Nam-Sun ;
Journal of the Society of Naval Architects of Korea, volume 50, issue 6, 2013, Pages 429~435
DOI : 10.3744/SNAK.2013.50.6.429
Recently, to improve the safety and maneuverability at fairway around harbor the POD system has been equipped on a ship. And the interest about maneuvering characteristics of a cruise ship has been increasing. In this paper the mathematical model of maneuvering motion of a cruise ship with twin POD system in general speed and slow speed are presented. And the maneuvering coefficients of mathematical model are obtained from the captive model tests using CPMC(Computerized Planar Motion Carriage). Computer simulation using mathematical model in general speed and slow speed are carried out and compared with the results of free running model test with the same model ship. The differences between the mathematical models are compared and discussed. In this paper the mathematical models, the results of captive model test and simulation results are presented.
Numerical Analysis of Supercavitating Flows of Two-Dimensional Simple Bodies
Lee, Hyun-Bae ; Choi, Jung-Kyu ; Kim, Hyoung-Tae ;
Journal of the Society of Naval Architects of Korea, volume 50, issue 6, 2013, Pages 436~449
DOI : 10.3744/SNAK.2013.50.6.436
In this paper, a numerical analysis is carried out to study the characteristics of supercavitating flows and the drag of relatively simple two-dimensional and axisymmetric bodies which can be used for supercavity generation device, cavitator, of a high-speed underwater vehicle. In order to investigate the suitability of numerical models, cavity flows around the hemispherical head form and two-dimensional wedge are calculated with combinations of three turbulence models(standard
, Reynolds stress) and two cavitation models(Schnerr-Sauer, Zwart-Gerber-Belamri). From the results, it is confirmed that the calculated cavity flow is more affected by the turbulence model than the cavitation model. For the calculation of steady state cavity flows, the convergence in case of the realizable
model is better than the other turbulence models. The numerical result of the Schnerr-Sauer cavitation model is changed less by turbulence model and more robust than the Zwart-Gerber-Belamri model. Thus the realizable
turbulence model and the Schnerr-Sauer cavitation model are applied to calculate supercavitating flows around disks, two dimensional
wedges. In case of the disk, the cavitation number dependences of the cavity size and the drag coefficient predicted are similar to either experimental data or Reichardt's semi-empirical equations, but the drag coefficient is overestimated about 3% higher than the Reichardt's equation. In case of the wedges, the cavitation number dependences of the cavity size are similar to experimental data and Newman's linear theory, and the agreement of the cavity length predicted and Newman's linear theory becomes better as decreasing cavitation number. However, the drag coefficients of wedges agree more with experimental data than those of Newman's analytic solution. The cavitation number dependences of the drag coefficients of both the disk and the wedge appear linear and simple formula for estimating the drag of supercavitating disks and wedges are suggested. Consequently, the CFD scheme of this study can be applied for numerical analysis of supercavitating flows of the cavitator and the cavitator design.
A Study on the Anti-lcing Performance Evaluation and Design Guide for Weather-Tight Door of the Vessels Operating in Cold Region
Seo, Young-Kyo ; Jung, Young-Jun ;
Journal of the Society of Naval Architects of Korea, volume 50, issue 6, 2013, Pages 450~457
DOI : 10.3744/SNAK.2013.50.6.450
For the design guide of a vessel operating in cold region, numerical analysis was carried out to evaluate the weather-tight door which installed the heating cables by using ANSYS 13.0 Transient Thermal. The numerical analysis was performed by considering Advection-Diffusion equation. This study based on the experimental results of 'A study on Anti-Icing Technique for Weather-Tight Door of Ice-Strengthened Vessels'(Jeong, et al., 2011a) in KIOST. For validation of the numerical analysis results, the cold chamber experimental data measured by the heat sensors in certain location of the weather-tight door was used. The external environmental temperature which varies from
was considered in numerical analysis. Also three different heating cables which have the heat capacity of 33W/m, 45W/m and 66W/m were adapted for the design parameters to be the most efficient and guidelines for anti-icing design of the weather tight door.
Establishment of Information Interface Technology between Hull and Outfitting Designs
Choi, Yeong-Tae ; Suh, Heung-Won ; Lee, Soon-Sup ;
Journal of the Society of Naval Architects of Korea, volume 50, issue 6, 2013, Pages 458~465
DOI : 10.3744/SNAK.2013.50.6.458
Ship design engineering refers to the development and design of shipbuilding architectures in a drawing which reflects all relevant manufacturing processes. This paper provides analysis methods for model-information interfaces between hull structure design and outfitting design, and a technical application for manufacturing phases reflecting the pipe support pad and angle item automatically. The existing information procedure of pipe support pad and angle system processes information using drawing without model specification. Outfitting design team directly distributes drawings to the shop floor then manual-based marking and installation work are conducted refer to the distributed drawings. As a result, this process has become time consuming and causes problems in the productivity and quality improvement due to the rework caused by omitted or incorrect marking. The pipe support pad and angle marking is a method that automatically updates model information to hull structure design using sets of data that analyse the generated model in outfitting design processes. Therefore, this approach provides an efficient solution through design references without manual activities such as a reflection of hull structure design, cutting process, numerical control work, and dimension measurement and marking. The conversion of a method from the existing procedure based on manual marking to the reflective and automatic approach would have enabled to proceed installation work without manual activities for the measurement. Therefore, this research study proposes an efficient approach using pre-data analysis of model information interfaces between design and manufacturing phases to improve productivity during construction for shipbuilding.