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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
> Journal Vol & Issue
Journal of Pharmacopuncture
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
KOREAN PHARMACOPUNCTURE INSTITUTE
Editor in Chief :
Volume & Issues
Volume 11, Issue 4 - Dec 2008
Volume 11, Issue 3 - Sep 2008
Volume 11, Issue 2 - Jun 2008
Volume 11, Issue 1 - Mar 2008
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Intradermal Alcian-Blue Injection Method to Trace Acupuncture Meridians
Sung, Baeck-Kyoung ; Kim, Min-Su ; Ogay, Vyacheslav ; Kang, Dae-In ; Soh, Kwang-Sup ;
Journal of Pharmacopuncture, volume 11, issue 2, 2008, Pages 5~12
DOI : 10.3831/KPI.2008.11.2.005
Objective In this article, we report on the intradermal Alcian blue staining method for tracing the meridians of acupuncture. Methods 1% Alcian blue solution was injected into acupoints by using a 0.5mL insulin syringe with a 31-gauge needle, then the skin was incised and was observed under a stereoscopic microscope. The specimens were examined by using immunohistochemical methods and were observed under a confocal laser scanning microscope. Results A threadlike structure, which was visualized with Alcian blue, existed in dermis layer and proceeded to hypodermis. In this structure, characteristic alignments of rod- shaped nuclei and
sized DNA granules were observed. Furthermore, abundant blood capillary plexuses, peripheral nerve endings, and a corpuscle-like structure(about
in diameter) were visualized in the skin tissues of acupoints. Conclusion It was concluded that the specific threadlike and corpuscle-like structures corresponded to superficial Bonghan duct and corpuscle, respectively.
Two Cases of Non-Small Cell Lung Cancer Treated with Intravenous Cultivated Wild Ginseng Pharmacopuncture
Bang, Sun-Hwi ; Kwon, Ki-Rok ; Yoo, Hwa-Seung ;
Journal of Pharmacopuncture, volume 11, issue 2, 2008, Pages 13~19
DOI : 10.3831/KPI.2008.11.2.013
Objectives To investigate the therapeutic effects of intravenous cultivated wild ginseng(Panax ginseng C.A. Meyer) pharmacopuncture(CWGP) in treating patients with non-small cell lung cancer(NSCLC). Design Prospective case series. Setting This study was conducted at the East-West Cancer Center of Dunsan Oriental Hospital, Daejeon University. Patients Two non-small cell lung cancer patients. Intervention Two non-small cell lung cancer patients were injected CWGP(20mL/day) mixed with 0.9% normal saline(100mL) intravenously. Each patient received a total of 16 and 9 cycles, respectively. One cycle is composed of 14 days. Outcome Measures The effect of intravenous CWGP was measured by scanning with computed tomography(CT) after every 2 cycle and Positron emission tomography- computed tomography(PET/CT) after every 6 cycles. Response and progression was evaluated using the Response Evaluation Criteria in Solid Tumors(RECIST) Committee classification of complete response(CR), partial response(PR), progressive disease(PD) and stable disease(SD). Results They were treated with intravenous CWGP for 8 and 5 months respectively. time later, each tumor remains stable disease(SD). Conclusion These cases may give us a possibility that intravenous CWGP offers potential benefits for non-small cell lung cancer patients.
A Comparative study of Warm needling and Bee Venom Pharmacopuncture on Osteoarthritis of the Knee - a Randomized Controlled Trial -
Yang, Ka-Ram ; Song, Ho-Sueb ;
Journal of Pharmacopuncture, volume 11, issue 2, 2008, Pages 21~31
DOI : 10.3831/KPI.2008.11.2.021
Objective This study was performed to investigate whether Bee Venom Pharmacopuncture(BVP) could be a more effective modality than Warm Needling(WN) in relieving pain and symptoms of knee osteoarthritis(OA). Design Prospective, randomized and controlled clinical trial. Setting Single center trial in Korea Patients 49 volunteers with knee OA participated in the study. All the participants were screened through an inclusion and exclusion criteria. 33 participants were completed the clinical trial. Intervention The subjects were randomly assigned to one of two groups. One group received BVP(n
Clinical Studies of Sweet Bee Venom to The Effect of Abdominal Fat Accumulation
Lim, Chung-San ; Park, Won-Pil ; Jang, Seong-Bong ; Choi, Young-Chon ; Kim, Kwan-Soo ; Kwon, Ki-Rok ; Lee, Hee-Choon ;
Journal of Pharmacopuncture, volume 11, issue 2, 2008, Pages 33~40
DOI : 10.3831/KPI.2008.11.2.033
Objective The purpose of this study was to investigate the effects of Sweet Bee Venom to the abdominal fat accumulation clinically. Methods The 20 healthy women volunteers who showed the notice of this study by the home page of Sangji University were treated with Sweet Bee Venom(SBV) during twenty times. To investigate the effects of Sweet Bee Venom of the abdominal fat accumulation, abdominal CT, LFT, Thermography, BMI, Inbody 3.0 etc. were performed during clinical trials. And statistical analysis was carried out the data of 10 volunteers who performed all the schedule of this study. Results Following results were obtained from the clinical studies Sweet Bee Venom showed the effect of decreased the body weight, thickness of abdominal skin and fat layer, BMI, and increased abdominal heat, but they are not showed statistical significant. Conclusions These results suggest that treatment Sweet Bee Venom on the abdomen was effective to decrease fat tissue but for the treatment of obesity was performed with right diet program and exercise.
The Effect of HK-1001 Pharmacopuncture on Hyperlipidemia Induced Rats
Kim, Ji-Nam ; Hong, Kwon-Eui ;
Journal of Pharmacopuncture, volume 11, issue 2, 2008, Pages 41~53
DOI : 10.3831/KPI.2008.11.2.041
Objective&Methods The purpose of this study is to observe the effects of HK-1001 Pharmacopuncture at GB34(Yangleungchean) on hyperlipidemia in rats. The author performed several experimental items to analyze the levels of various components and enzymes in serum, urine and liver, as well as the histological changes of liver and aorta. Results 1. HK-1001 Pharmacopuncture infusion solution increased the cell viability rate, DPPH radical scavenging activity and HMG-CoA reductase inhibition rate in rat liver cells. 2. The levels of total cholesterol, free cholesterol, LDL-cholesterol, phospholipid in serum and AI(atherogenic index) were decreased, and the ratio of HDL to TCL(HDL/TCL) and the level of TG in serum were increased as compared with those of the control group. 3. In the HK-1001 group, serum GOT was significantly lower than those of the HG group and the saline group, and serum ALP was significantly higher than that of the HG group. 4. Hepatic GSH and catalase activities were significantly increased as compared with those of the saline group. Conclusion From the above results, it is suggested that HK-1001 Pharmacopuncture at GB34 has a therapeutic effect on hyperlipidemia.
Clinical Studies of Sweet Bee Venom to the Effect of Abdominal Fat Accumulation
Lim, Chung-San ; Park, Won-Pil ; Jang, Seong-Bong ; Choi, Young-Chon ; Park, Do-Il ; Kwon, Ki-Rok ; Lee, Hee-Choon ;
Journal of Pharmacopuncture, volume 11, issue 2, 2008, Pages 55~62
DOI : 10.3831/KPI.2008.11.2.055
Objective Sweet bee venom is made by removing allergen from the bee venom through gel filtration chromatography and propionic acid/urea polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis. The aim of this study was to verify allergy inhibitory action in Sweet Bee Venom(SBV) and New Sweet Bee Venom(NSBV) removed enzymes and compounds of low molecular weight. Methods 84 healthy adult men and women were selected through a survey whom had never received the bee venom therapy in the past. The concentration of Normal Saline, SBV and NSBV pharmacopuncture was equally at 0.1mg/mL and the experiment was conducted as the double blind test. Results Participants of the study was comprised of 63 men and 21 women with the average age of 28.3 years. According to results of pain sense, SBV group showed significant higher score compared with NS group and NSBV group using VAS in treating time. And SBV and NSBV group showed significant higher score compared with NS group after 30 minutes. Other allergic responses were insignificant between the groups. Conclusions As a result of removed allergen and compounds of low molecular weight, NSBV significantly inhibits pain sense in treating time compared with SBV. This indicates wider and easier application of NSBV for the useful application in clinical treatment. Further comparative studies should be conducted to yield more objective verification.
The Effect of Crataegi Fructus Pharmacopuncture on Adipocyte Metabolism
Won, Seung-Hwan ; Kwon, Ki-Rok ; Rhim, Tae-Jin ; Kim, Dong-Heui ;
Journal of Pharmacopuncture, volume 11, issue 2, 2008, Pages 63~73
DOI : 10.3831/KPI.2008.11.2.063
Objectives The purpose of this study is to investigate the effects of Crataegi Fructus Pharmacopuncture(CFP) on the adipogenesis in 3T3-L1 cells, lipolysis in rat epididymal adipocytes and histological changes in porcine adipose tissue. Methods Inhibiton of preadipocyte differentiation and/or stimulation of lipolysis play important roles in reducing obesity. 3T3-L1 preadipocytes were differentiated with adipogenic reagents by incubating for 3days in the absence or presence of CFP ranging from 0.01 to 1mg/mL. The effect of CFP on adipogenesis was examined by measuring GPDH activity and by Oil Red O staining. Mature adipocytes from rat epididymal fat pad was incubated with CFP ranging from 0.01 to 1mg/mL for 3 hrs. The effect of CFP on lipolysis was examined by measuring free glycerol released. Fat tissue from pig skin was injected with CFP ranging from 0.1 to 10mg/mL to examine the effect of CFP on histological changes under light microscopy. Results The following results were obtained from present study on adipogenesis of preadipocytes, lipolysis of adipocytes and histological changes in fat tissue. 1. Crataegi Fructus Pharmacopuncture inhibited adipogenic differentiation at the concentration of 1.0mg/mL. 2. Crataegi Fructus Pharmacopuncture decreased the activity of glycerol-3-phosphate dehydrogenase(GPDH) at the concentration of 0.1mg/mL. 3. Crataegi Fructus Pharmacopuncture ok. lipolysis at the concentration of 0.1mg/ml. 4. Crataegi Fructus Pharmacopuncture ranging 0.1 to 10mg/mL failed to exert lysis of cell membrane in porcine fat tissue. Conclusions These results suggest that Crataegi Fructus Pharmacopuncture at relatively high concentration inhibited adipogenesis and increased lipolysis of adipocytes. However, Crataegi Fructus Pharmacopuncture didn`t exert any effect on lysis of cell membrane in fat tissue.
Eye Irritation Test of Soyeom Pharmacopuncture Solution for Eye Drop
Seo, Hyeong-Sik ;
Journal of Pharmacopuncture, volume 11, issue 2, 2008, Pages 75~79
DOI : 10.3831/KPI.2008.11.2.075
Objectives This study was done to investigate the safety of Soyeom pharmacopuncture solution manufactured with freezing dryness method to use eye drop. Methods The eye irritation test of this material was performed according to the Regulation of Korea Food & Drug Administration(2005. 10. 21, KFDA 2005-60). After Soyeom pharmacopuncture solution was medicated in the left eye of the rabbits, the auther observed eye irritation of the cornea, iris, conjunctiva at 1, 2, 3, 4 & 7day. Results 1. After Soyeom pharmacopuncture solution was medicated in the left eye of the rabbits, there wasn`t physical problem at 9 rabbits. 2. After Soyeom pharmacopuncture solution was medicated in the left eye of the rabbits, there wasn`t eye irritation of the cornea, iris, conjunctiva at 1, 2, 3, 4 & 7day. Conclusions I suggested that Soyeom pharmacopuncture solution didn`t induced eye irritation in rabbits.
Eye Irritation Test of Bovis Calculus Pharmacopuncture Solutions for Eye Drop
Seo, Hyeong-Sik ;
Journal of Pharmacopuncture, volume 11, issue 2, 2008, Pages 81~85
DOI : 10.3831/KPI.2008.11.2.081
Objective This study was done to investigate the safety of Bovis Calculus pharmacopuncture solution manufactured with freezing dryness method to use eye drop. Methods The eye irritation test of this material was performed according to the Regulation of Korea Food & Drug Administration (2005. 10. 21, KFDA 2005-60). After Bovis Calculus pharmacopuncture solution was medicated in the left eye of the rabbits, the auther observed eye irritation of the cornea, iris, conjunctiva at 1, 2, 3, 4 & 7day. Results 1. After Bovis Calculus pharmacopuncture solution was medicated in the left eye of the rabbits, there wasn`t physical problem at 9 rabbits. 2. After Bovis Calculus pharmacopuncture solutionwas medicated in the left eye of the rabbits, there wasn`t eye irritation of the cornea, iris, conjunctiva at 1, 2, 3, 4 & 7day. Conclusions I suggested that Bovis Calculus pharmacopuncture solution didn`t induced eye irritation in rabbits.
Component Analysis of Cultivated Ginseng, Red Ginseng, Cultivated Wild Ginseng, and Red Wild Ginseng Using HPLC Method
Lee, Jang-Ho ; Kwon, Ki-Rok ; Cha, Bae-Chun ;
Journal of Pharmacopuncture, volume 11, issue 2, 2008, Pages 87~95
DOI : 10.3831/KPI.2008.11.2.087
Objectives The aim of this experiment is to provide an differentiation of ginseng, red ginseng, cultivated wild ginseng(CWG), and red wild ginseng(RWG) through component analysis using HPLC(High Performance Liquid Chromatography, hereafter HPLC). Methods Comparative analyses of ginsenoside
, and ginsenosides
of various ginsengs were conducted using HPLC. Results 1. CWG was relatively heat-resistant and showed slow change in color during the process of steaming and drying, compared to cultivated ginseng. 2. Ginsenoside
was not detected in cultivated ginseng and CWG, whereas it was high in red ginseng and RWG. Ginsenoside
was more generated in red ginseng than in RWG. 3. Ginsenoside
appreared during steaming and drying of cultivated ginseng, whereas it was more increased during steaming and drying of CWG. 4. Ginsenoside
content was more increased during steaming and drying of cultivated ginseng, whereas it was more decreased during steaming and drying of CWG. 5. Ginsenoside
content was increased about 500% during steaming and drying of cultivated ginseng, whereas it was increased about 30% during steaming and drying of CWG, indicating that ginsenoside
was more generated in red ginseng than in RWG. 6. Ginsenoside
content was higher, whereas ginsenoside
content was lower in 11th RWG than in 9th RWG, indicating that ginsenoside
content was increased and
content was decreased as steaming and drying continued to proceed. Ginsenoside
contents began to be increased, followed by decreased after 9th steaming and drying process. Conclusions Above experiment data can be an important indicator for the dentification of ginseng, red ginseng, CWG, and RWG. And the following studies will be need for making good product using CWG.
Clinical Study about Shoulder Pain by Oriental Medical Treatment and Oriental-Western Medical Treatment
Lee, Hee-Yoon ; Youn, Hyoun-Min ; Kim, Won-Il ;
Journal of Pharmacopuncture, volume 11, issue 2, 2008, Pages 97~110
DOI : 10.3831/KPI.2008.11.2.097
Objectives This study is for comparing the results in two groups of using Oriental medical treatment only with using Oriental-Western medical treatment together to shoulder pain patients. Methods 49 shoulder pain patients who participated in the clinical study both at the Bukpyeoung Haemalkeun Oriental Medical Clinic and at the Bukpyeoung Medical Clinic in Donghae city were classified 2 groups. Group A was treated with Oriental medical therapy only and group B was treated with Oriental-Western medical treatment together. They have been treated 3 times a week for 4 weeks. Results After 1, 2 and 4 weeks of each treatment, the scores of the two groups in `Subjective symptoms of shoulder pain`, `Indisposition index of every day life`, `Shoulder pain and disability index`, `Visual analog scale` became signific antly lower than those before treatment. Conclusion Treatment of group B was better than treatment of group A but, there was no significant difference in therapeutic action between two groups.
Clinical Report on the Treatment of 70 Molluscum Contagiosum Cases using Sweet Bee venom Pharmacopunture
Park, Sa-Han ; Kim, Tae-Sik ; Hur, Young-Jin ; Kwon, Ki-Rok ;
Journal of Pharmacopuncture, volume 11, issue 2, 2008, Pages 111~116
DOI : 10.3831/KPI.2008.11.2.111
Objectives This study obserbed the efficiency of Sweet Bee Venom pharmacopuncture on the treatment of 70 Molluscum Contagiosum cases. Methods 70 patients admitted for Molluscum at Love Blossoming Oriental medicine clinic from February 2007 to October 2007 were administered with Sweet Bee Venom Pharmacopuncture and measured an analyzed changes in symptoms. Results 1. Regardless of age or duration of Molluscum Contagiosum, all 70 patients showed improvement. 2. Recurrence of Molluscum Contagiosum was not noticeable when treated with Sweet Bee Venom Pharmacopuncture, and the duration of treatment was significantly shorter than treation with conventional allopathic ointment. Conclusion Based on above findings, we can deduce Sweet Bee Venom Pharmacopuncture has superior anti-viral effects on th pox virus of Molluscum Contagiosum.
A Clinical Observation on the Case of Cauda Equina Syndrome Using Scolopendrid Pharmacopuncture
Lee, Hwi-Yong ; Cho, Yi-Hyun ; You, Jeong-Seok ; Yook, Tae-Han ; Hong, Kwon-Eui ;
Journal of Pharmacopuncture, volume 11, issue 2, 2008, Pages 117~124
DOI : 10.3831/KPI.2008.11.2.117
Objective This study was investigated on the Scolopendrid Pharmacopuncture of Caude equina syndrome which has been described as a complex of low back pain, bilateral sciatica, saddle anesthesia and motor weakness in the lower extremity that progress to paraplegia with baldder and bowel incontinence. Methods & Results Clinical observation was done on Cauda equina syndrome in the Department of Acupuncture & Moxibustion, Woosuk jeonju Oriental Medical Hospital frome May 30 to July 13. The patient was treated with Scolopendrid Pharmacopuncture at Shinsu(B23), Gihaesu(B24), Taejangsu(B25), Gwanweonsu(b26), Dangryo(b31), Charyo(b32), Jang-gang(gv1) and Hoe-eum(cv1) with Oriental Medicine treatment. We evaluated SF-36, the bladder incontinence, bowel incontinence, sensibility by sting skin, before and after treatmeat. Conclusion 1. At the early time, gait disturbance was treated well, but discomfort of bladder incontinence, bilateral sciatica, saddle anesthesia and motor weakness was remained. 2. The symptoms of Cauada equina syndrome, especially bladder incontinence and bilateral sciatica, was recurred in short duration by scolopendrid Pharmacopuncture and oriental medicine treatment.
Two Cases of Benign Prostatic Hyperplasia with Bee Venom Pharmacopunture Therapy
Gang, Hyeon-Min ; Kim, Gwan-Soo ; Kim, Doo-Yong ; Ryu, Young-Jin ; Park, Hee-Soo ; Kwon, Ki-Rok ;
Journal of Pharmacopuncture, volume 11, issue 2, 2008, Pages 125~130
DOI : 10.3831/KPI.2008.11.2.125
Objective The purpose of this study was to report the efficiency of Bee Venom Pharmacopunture Therapy by managering of Benign Prostatic Hyperplasia patients. Method Two patients were treated with Bee Venom Pharmacopunture and another Korean Medicine therapy for six weeks and compared with I-PSS(International Prostate Symptom Score) before and after. Results After treated with Bee Venom Pharmacopunture Therapy, `I-PSS` values decreased significantly all the patients. Conclusions Bee Venom Pharmacopunture Therapy was shown fairly effective to Benign Prostatic Hyperplasia.
Oriental Clinical Study on a Case of the Sequelae of Spinal SAH
Lee, Kyoung-Hee ; Lo, Ju-Hwan ; Youn, Hyoun-Min ; Jang, Kyung-Jeon ; Ahn, Chang-Beohm ; Kim, Cheol-Hong ;
Journal of Pharmacopuncture, volume 11, issue 2, 2008, Pages 131~140
DOI : 10.3831/KPI.2008.11.2.131
Objective Spinal SAH is an unusual disease that occasionally occurs spinal cord injury. This report intended to estimate the effect that taken by using oriental treatment on the patient with the sequelae of spinal SAH. Methods We have observed this case of patient treated by Dong`s acupuncture therapy, pharmacopuncture therapy, Mae-sun therapy and herbal medication, etc. Results The patient showed improvements in pain, power and sensory function. Conclusion Oriental treatments such as Dong`s acupuncture therapy, pharmacopuncture therapy, Mae-sun therapy and herbal medication can be effective for the sequelae of spinal SAH.
Clinical Study on a Case of Transverse Myelitis
Kim, Jeong-Eun ; Kim, Su-Min ; Yoon, Hyun-Min ; Ahn, Chang-Beohm ; Jang, Kyung-Jun ; Kim, Cheol-Hong ; Kim, Jae-Hong ; Kim, Won-Il ;
Journal of Pharmacopuncture, volume 11, issue 2, 2008, Pages 141~149
DOI : 10.3831/KPI.2008.11.2.141
Objectives This report intended to estimate effect taken by using Oriental medical method on the patient with Tranverse Myelitis. Methods From 28th April, 2006 to 19th June, 2006. The patient dignosed as a Transverse Myelitis receive acupuncture, moxibustion, cupping and physical therapy and herbal medication by estimating arthralgia syndrome(痺證). Results The patient`s incipient symptoms-both lower limb paresthesia and weakness, voluntary urination and defecation-all were improved. Conclusions This study demonstrates that oriental medical treatment has respectable effect in improving as though we didn`t exclude effect of western medical therapy on the patient with transverse myelitis. More research of transverse myelitis is needed.