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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
> Journal Vol & Issue
Journal of Welding and Joining
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
The Korean Welding and Joining Society
Editor in Chief :
Volume & Issues
Volume 12, Issue 4 - Dec 1994
Volume 12, Issue 3 - Sep 1994
Volume 12, Issue 2 - Jun 1994
Volume 12, Issue 1 - Mar 1994
Selecting the target year
Introduction to nondestructive testing
Journal of Welding and Joining, volume 12, issue 4, 1994, Pages 1~10
Defect Evaluation of Steel Welds by Ultrasonic Testing
Journal of Welding and Joining, volume 12, issue 4, 1994, Pages 11~20
Update Application of Ultrasonic Flaw Detector
Journal of Welding and Joining, volume 12, issue 4, 1994, Pages 21~34
Method of Radiographic Testing and Industrial Application
Journal of Welding and Joining, volume 12, issue 4, 1994, Pages 35~40
A Study on the Welding Process of High Strength Steel Pipe in GTAW-SMAW and SAW
Journal of Welding and Joining, volume 12, issue 4, 1994, Pages 41~49
This study is to compare the welding quality of API 5L-X65 Steel- pipe's for natural gas transmission piping applied by SAW at shop and by GTAW-SMAW at site. The results can be summarized as follows; 1) Tensile strength of the welded zone by SAW(611.5 MPa) and by GTAW-SMAW(608.6 MPa) was maintained greater than that of the base metal(583.5 MPa). 2) Hardness of the welded zone and HAZ by SAW(Hv 194.8) & GTAW-SMAW (Hv 196.1) was slightly increased above that of the base metal (Hv 168.8), but less than the maximum allowable hardness(Hv 248). 3) Impact value of the welded zone by SAW(126.8 J) & GTAW-SMAW(88 J) became lower than that of the base metal(282.5 J), but was above the requirement of API 5L(68J). 4) Microscopic structure of the welded zone and HAZ by both SAW & GTAW-SMAW became fine-grained.
Brazing Technilogy and Trend in Japan(I) -Aluminum Beazing-
Journal of Welding and Joining, volume 12, issue 4, 1994, Pages 50~62
A Study on the Stress Corrosion Cracking Evaluation for Weld Joint of Steel by Using Miniaturized Small Specimen
Journal of Welding and Joining, volume 12, issue 4, 1994, Pages 63~75
The conventional SCC(stress corrosion cracking) test methods have much difficulty in evaluating the SCC behaviors of the localized zone like HAZ, bond line and weld metal because of the specimen size. Accordingly, the purpose of this paper is to develop the new SCC test method of the welded zone by evaluating the SCC susceptibility on parent metal and various microstructures of the welded zone by SP(small punch) test method using miniaturized small specimen and SSRT(slow strain rate test) method(SP-SSRT). Besides, this study is to verify the efficiency of the SP-SSRT results through AE(acoustic emission) test which is a useful technique to monitor the microfracture processes of the material. From the results of SCC susceptibility, SEM observation and AE test, it can be concluded that the SP-SSRT test using miniaturized small specimen(10mm*10mm*0.5mm) will be a good test method to evaluate the SCC susceptibility on the local zone such as the welded zone.
Effect of Ca on Droplet Transfer Phenomena in GMA Welding
Journal of Welding and Joining, volume 12, issue 4, 1994, Pages 76~84
Droplet transfer modes due to welding conditions and the effect of Ca in welding wire on droplet transfer were investigated. Droplet transfer mode in CO
welding was classified into 2 modes, that is, short circuit and globular transfer, with increasing welding current and voltage. With increasing Ca content in wire, repulsive pressure due to vaporization of Ca was considerably increased. In short circuit transfer region, arcing time was increased and droplet transfer cycle was decreased, with increasing Ca content. In globular transfer region, welding condition for globular transfer was lower current region, with increasing Ca content.
Hardening Characteristics of Aluminum Alloy Surface by PTA Overlaying with Metal Powders (I)
Journal of Welding and Joining, volume 12, issue 4, 1994, Pages 85~101
Effect of Cr, Cu and Ni metal powders addition on the alloyed layer of aluminum alloy (AC2B) has been investigated with the plasma transferred arc (PTA) overlaying process. The overlaying conditions were 125-200A in plasma arc current, 150mm/min in process speed and 5-20g/min in powder feeding rate. Main results obtained are summarized as follows: 1) It was made clear that formation of thick surface alloyed layer on aluminum alloy is possible by PTA overlaying process. 2) The range of optimum alloying conditions were much wider in case of Cu and Ni powder additions than the case of Cr powder addition judging from the surface appearance and the bead macrostructure. 3) Alloyed layer with Cu showed almost the homogeneous microstructure through the whole layer by eutectic reaction. alloyed layers with Cr and Ni showed needle-like and agglomerated microstructures, the structure of which has compound layer in upper zone of bead by peritectic and eutectic-peritectic reactions, respectively. 4) Microconstituents of the alloyed layer were analyzed as A1+CrA
al sub 11/, CrA
8/ for Cr addition, Al+CuA
(.theta.) eutectics and .theta. for Cu addition, and Al+NiA
and NiAl for Ni addition. 5) Concerning defect of the alloyed layer, many blow holes were seen in Cr and Ni additions although there was lesser in Cu addition. Residual gas contents in blow hole for Cu and Ni alloyed layer were confirmed as mainly
and a littie of
Cracking was observed in compound zone of the alloyed layer in case of Cr and Ni addition but not in Cu alloyed layer.r.r.
Hardening Characteristics of Aluminum Alloy Surface by PTA Overlaying with Metal Powders (II) -Hardening charactersteristics and wear resistance of thicker surface alloyed layer-
Journal of Welding and Joining, volume 12, issue 4, 1994, Pages 102~109
The thick and hard alloyed layer was formed on the surface of Aluminum Cast Alloy(AC2B) by PTA overlaying process with Cr, Cu and Ni metal powders under the condition of overlaying current 150A, overlaying speed 150mm/min and different powder feeding rate 5-20g/min. The characteristics of hardening and were resistance of alloyed layer have been investigated in relation to microstructure of alloyed layer. As a result, it was made clear that Cu powder was the most superier one in three metal powders used due to an uniform hardness distribution of Hv 250-350, good wear resistance and freedom from cracking in alloyed layer of which microstructure consisted of hypereutectic. On the contrary, irregular hardness distribution was usually obtained in Cr or Ni alloyed layers of which hardness was increased as Cr or Ni contents and reached to maximum hardness of about Hv 400-850 at about 60wt% Cr or 40wt% Ni in alloyed layer. However the cracking occurred in these alloyed layers with higher hardness than Hv 250-300 at more than 20-25wt% of Cr or Ni contents in alloyed layer. Wear rate of alloyed layer was decreased to 1/10 in Cu alloyed layer and 1/5 or 1/3 in Cr or Ni alloyed layer with same hardness of about Hv 300 in comparison with that of base metal at higher sliding speed.
A Study on Bondability of Electronic Materials by Different Heat Sources
Journal of Welding and Joining, volume 12, issue 4, 1994, Pages 110~116
This paper has been researched bondability of electronics devices, such as lead frame and the thick film of Ag/Pd on an alumina substrate by different heat sources. To obtain the bonds with high quality, it is very important to consist of different materials. Therefore, this paper clarifies not only heat mechanism of micro parallel gap resistance bonding method and pulse heat tip bonding method but also investigates selection of heat sources with micro-electronic materials for bonding. Finally, it is realized fluxless bonding process with filler metal such as plating layers.
A Study of Resistance of Fatigue Crack in Aluminum Alloy Plate Bonded with FRP
Journal of Welding and Joining, volume 12, issue 4, 1994, Pages 117~126
APAL (Aramid Patched ALuminum alloy) was manufactured, which was a material that was consisting of a A12024-T3 aluminum alloy plate bonded to single-side of it with aramid/epoxy laminates. The aramid/epoxy laminates were bonded to it in condition of 1, 2 ply and fiber orientation of .+-.45, 0.deg./90.deg. Fatigue crack propagation tests were performed at stress ratio R-0.2, 0.5 with Al 2024-T3, APAL 45-1P, APAL 0/90-1P, APAL 45-2P, APAL 0/90-2P specimens to examine behavior of retardation in fatigue crack propagation. All the APAL specimens showed superior fatigue crack resistance. Number of cycle spended for crack to propagate from
=65 mm in case of APAL 0/90-2P specimen was half that of Al 2024-T3 specimen. Fatigue crack propagation rate of APAL 0/90 specimens were retarded more compared to APAL 45 specimens and the amounts of retardation at R=0.5 were larger than that at R=0.2. It was found that the retardation in fatigue crack propagation was caused by intact fibers in the wake of crack.ack.
A Study on the Resistance Spot Welding of Aluminum Alloy (I)
Journal of Welding and Joining, volume 12, issue 4, 1994, Pages 127~140
Resistance spot welding has been widely used in the sheet metal joining processes because of its high productivity and convenience. In the resistance spot welding processes the size of molten nugget is a criterion to assess weld quality. Many research have founded on measuring weld nugget size at the same time monitoring welding process parameters such as dynamic resistance and electrode movement. With increasing demand of energy saving, many efforts were made to employ aluminum alloys that are lighter than steel and have relatively equivalent strength to steel in the automobile industry. In this paper, spot weldability of aluminum alloys for various welding conditions were examined by series of experiments. One of the 6000 series (Mg-Si) aluminum alloy, 6383-T4 was chosen, which is currently considered as a substitute for the galvanized steel. Dynamic resistance, electrode movement and corresponding nugget size were observed and compared to the case of steel. Finally, resistance spot welding of dissimilar material (galvanized steel-aluminum alloy) was attempted.
The X-Ray Study on Macrostress and Microstress for Two-Phase Stainless Steel
Journal of Welding and Joining, volume 12, issue 4, 1994, Pages 141~150
The residual stress is inevitably introduced into composites because of the mismatch of the coefficient of thermal expansion, and it is different in each phase. The X-ray technique can detect separately the stress in each phase, so will wield useful information for analyzing the toughening mechanisms of composites. In order to apply the law of mixture to alloy steels with composite microstructures, two phase stainless steel, consisted of ferrite (.alpha.-Fe) and austenite (.gamma.-Fe) structures, was selected. The tensile elastic deformation was loaded, and then the X-ray diffraction technique was used to measure the X-ray elastic constants, the X-ray stress constants and the phase stresses. The law of mixture was investigated and the separation of macrostress and microstress was carried out. The phase stresses (the residual stresses of phase) in each phase, which were measured by X-ray technique, was directly proportional to the applied stress. The macrostress calculated from the phase stresses by using the law of mixture was nearly equal to the applied stress.
A Study on Fatigue Strength Characteristics of Weld Joint using Metal Type Flux Cored Wire
Journal of Welding and Joining, volume 12, issue 4, 1994, Pages 151~161
FCAW has wide application in ship fabrication, maintenance and field erection. It has many advantages over SMAW.SAW and GMAW process. In many applications, the FCAW provides highquality weld metal. This method can reduce weld defects especially porosity and spatter. But the fatigue characteristics of those deposited metal have been rarely investigated. The purpose of this study is to investigate the cyclic stress-strain behavior and fatigue tests by the constant strain control were carried out on the rounded smooth specimen with deposited metal using the metal type flux cored wire. As the results of this study for the deposited metal welded by the metal type flux cored wire, the hardening or softening characteristics under cyclic load were investigated and cyclic stress-strain curve, strain-fatigue life curve, stress-strain function and fatigue life relation which are useful to estimate the fatigue life under the stress concentration condition were obtained.