Go to the main menu
Skip to content
Go to bottom
REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
> Journal Vol & Issue
Journal of Welding and Joining
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
The Korean Welding and Joining Society
Editor in Chief :
Volume & Issues
Volume 13, Issue 4 - Dec 1995
Volume 13, Issue 3 - Sep 1995
Volume 13, Issue 2 - Jun 1995
Volume 13, Issue 1 - Mar 1995
Selecting the target year
Evaluation of Material Degradation and Life Prediction for High Temperature Structures
Journal of Welding and Joining, volume 13, issue 2, 1995, Pages 1~11
Remaining Life Assessment of High Temperature Steam Piping
Journal of Welding and Joining, volume 13, issue 2, 1995, Pages 12~24
Recently, more researches have been actively performed for the assessment of material degradation and residual-life of elevated temperature plant components, as some of domestic fossil power plants become older than 30 years. In this paper, results of on_site residual life assessment are reported for main steam pipes of Youngwol power station #2 which have operated since 1965. For critical weld locations such as butt welds branch welds, Y_sections and a T-section, replication technique and hardness measurement technique were employed for life_assessment. When cracks were detected by conventional NDT tests, crack growth life was calculated using a computer code. On the other hand, for matrix of pipes, residual life was quantitatively estimated by an analytic method and material degradation was estimated qualitatively using diameter measurement data and grain-boundary etching method. Also, direction in further improvement of on-site life assessment techniques are proposed.
Assessment on the Crack Growth of High Temperature Header at Boiler
Journal of Welding and Joining, volume 13, issue 2, 1995, Pages 25~31
A Counterplan and Life Prediction of Degradaded Structures
Journal of Welding and Joining, volume 13, issue 2, 1995, Pages 32~41
Development of the Advanced NDI Technique Using an Alternating Current : the Evaluation of surface crack and blind surface crack and the detection of defects in a field component
Journal of Welding and Joining, volume 13, issue 2, 1995, Pages 42~52
In the evaluation of aging degradation on the structural materials based on the fracture mechanics, the detection and size prediction of defect are very important. Aiming at nondestructive detection and size prediction ol defect with high accuracy and resolution, therefore, an lnduced Current Focusing Potential Drop(ICFPD) technique has been developed. The principle of this technique is to induce a focusing current at an exploratory region by an induction wire flowing an alternating current(AC) that is a constant ampere and frequency. Defects are assessed with the potential drops that are measured the induced current on the surface of metallic material by the potential pick-up pins. In this study, the lCFPD technique was applied for evaluating the location and size of the surface crack and blind crack made in plate specimens, and also for detecting the defects existing in valve, a field component, that were developed by SCC etc. during the service. The results of this present study show that surface crack and blind crack are able to defect with potential drop. these cracks are distinguished with the distribution of potential drop, and the crack depths can be estimated with each normalized potential drop that are parameters estimating the depth of each type crack. In the field component, the defects estimated by experiment result correspond with those in the cutting face of the measuring point within a higher sensitivity.
Non-corrosive Flux Brazing of Aluminum 0 Brazing Technology and Trend Japen(3)
Journal of Welding and Joining, volume 13, issue 2, 1995, Pages 53~59
The Influence of Initial Overloads on the Fatigue Life of Spot-welded Tensile-shear Specimens
Journal of Welding and Joining, volume 13, issue 2, 1995, Pages 60~67
The factors affecting on the fatigue strength of spot_welded specimens have been studied. The influence of initial overloads on the fatigue life of spot_welded tensile_shear specimens is investigated by considering fatigue crack initiation and crack propagation. The change of strain range and the influence of initial overload are correlated on the basis ol strain results. The results of this study are as follows. l) The initial absolute strain range decreased with initial overloads increase, and absolute strain range decreased before transformation of waveform of strain, but increased after transformation of waveform of strain. 2) In case of subsequent point of inflection of offset strain, the increment of this strain decreased with initial overload increase. 3) As initial overloads increase, the deformation behavior of spot welded parts is restricted after overloading.
Analytical Solution for Transient Temperature Distribution in Fillet Arc Welding
Journal of Welding and Joining, volume 13, issue 2, 1995, Pages 68~81
This paper presents an analytical solution to predict the transient temperature distribution in fillet arc welding. The analytical solution is obtained by solving a transient three -dimensional heat conduction equation with convection boundary conditions on the surfaces of an infinite plate with finite thicknesses, and mapping an infinite plate onto the fillet weld geometry with energy equation. The electric arc heat input on fillet weld and on infinite plate is assumed to have a traveling bivariate Gaussian distribution. To check the validity of the solution, GTA and FCA welding experiments were performed under various welding conditions. The actual isotherms of the weldment cross - sections at various distances from the arc start point are compared with those of simulation result. As the result shows a satisfactory accuracy, this analytical solution can be used to predict the transient temperature distribution in the fiIIet weld of finite thickness under a moving bivariate Gaussian distributed heat source. The simplicity and short calculation time of the analytical solution provides rationales to use the analytical solution for modeling the welding control systems or for an optimization tool of welding process parameters.
Quality improvement on joints of electronic materials and its reliability by Fe-Ni alloy clad lead frame
Journal of Welding and Joining, volume 13, issue 2, 1995, Pages 82~95
This paper discusses distribution of thermal stress, strain at near the joint and investigates the reliability of solder joints of electronic devices on a printed circuit board. As Electronic devices are composed of different materials, thermal stresses generate at near the interface, such as solder joints and interface between lC device and lead frame pad due to the differences of thermal expansion coefficients, As results of thermal stress, strain, micro crack often occurs thermal fatigue fracture at the interface of different materials, The initiation and propagation of micro crack depend on the environmental conditions, such as storage temperature and thermal cycling. Finally, this paper experimentally shows a way to suppress micro cracks by using Fe-Ni alloy clad lead frame, and investigates crack and thermal fatigue fracture of TSOP(Thin small outline package) type on printed circuit board.
Study on Wear and Corrosion Resistance of Porosity Controlled Thermal Sprayed WC Coatings
Journal of Welding and Joining, volume 13, issue 2, 1995, Pages 89~95
Thermal sprayed porous WC coatings on steel have given good protectionagainst abrasion, but poor corrosion protection. Therefore,
A Modification in the Analysis of the Growth Rate of Short Fatigue Cracks in S45C Carbon Steel under Reversed Loading
Journal of Welding and Joining, volume 13, issue 2, 1995, Pages 96~105
A modified method for the analysis of short fatigue crack growth has been presented, and calculations based upon the modified method are compared with experimental results for S45C carbon steel. It is also shown that the modified method is in good agreement with experimental data. The proposed equation for the fatigue crack growth rates includes a material constant which relates the threshold level to the endurance limit, a correction for elastic-plastic behaviour and a means for dealing with the effects of crack closure. In this study one of the modifications is to substitute the Forman' s elastic expression of the stress intensity factor range into the geometrical factor The other is a consideration of the bending effect which is developed from the moment caused by the eccentric cross sectional geometry as the crack grows. Thus, this method is useful for residual life prediction of the mechanical structures as well as the welding structures.
Characteristics of Adhesive bonded Joints of Steels for Automobile(I)
Journal of Welding and Joining, volume 13, issue 2, 1995, Pages 106~114
The characteristics of adhesive bonded joint of steels for automobile were investigated. Shear and tear strength were tested and analyzed for the joints of cold rolled steel sheets bonded with three kinds of epoxy and urethane based adhesive. The results showed that the tensile shear strength and the tear strength of adhesive joint were affected by the shape of adhesive joint such as the length and width of adhesive joint. The thickness of adhesive layer was very important factor affecting the bonding strength. The shear strength increased with decrease of the thickness of adhesive layer, while the tear strength decreased as the thickness of adhesive layer decreased. In comparison with the strength of spot welded joint, the shear strength of adhesive Joint was higher than that of spot welded joint, but the tear strength of adhesive Joint was lower than that of spot welded joint.
Modeling of Metal Transfer in GMA Welding Process
Journal of Welding and Joining, volume 13, issue 2, 1995, Pages 115~121
As the metal transfer in the GMAW process affects the weld quality and productivity, the mechanism of molten formation and detachment has been investigated at various welding conditions. The force balance and pinch instability models have been widely used to analyze the metal transfer in the globular and spray modes, respectively A new approach is proposed in this work by minimizing the energy of molten drop system. Effects of the surface tension, gravity, electromagnetic and drag forces are considered with no presumed molten drop geometry. Effects of various welding conditions on the metal transfer are explained. The results show that the proposed mode can be applied to the globular and spray transfer modes. When compared with other models, results of the proposed model show better agreements with the available experimental data, which demonstrates the validity of the present model.
Effect of cooling rate on the microstructure and impact toughness of Cu-bearing HSLA steels
Journal of Welding and Joining, volume 13, issue 2, 1995, Pages 122~131
The effects of cooling rate on the microstructures, precipitation of Cu-cluster, .epsilon.-Cu and impact toughness of high strength low alloy(HSLA) steel were studied using hardness tester, impact tester, DSC(differential scanning calorimetry), AES(auger electron spectroscopy) and TEM(transmission electron microscopy). Not only the Cu-precipitates but also the segregation of Cu, As, Sb, P, S, N, Sn along grain boundary were not observed at the specimens heat treated from 800.deg. C to 300.deg. C with the cooling time of 12-125 sec. The Cu-cluster, .epsilon.-Cu are formed by introducing ageing after cooling and the effect of precipitates on hardening increase after cooling was the same in all cooling rate. The peak hardness was obtained at an ageing of 500.deg. C in all cooling conditions. The impact energy become higher as the cooling time increases. This fact can be explained to be due to the tempering effect applied on the cooling stage since the present alloy has a relatively high Ms temperature and the local high concentration of the retained austenite.
Liquid Phase Diffusion Bonding Procedure of Rene80/B/Rene80 System -Liquid Phase Diffusion Bonding Using B Powder Coating Method
Journal of Welding and Joining, volume 13, issue 2, 1995, Pages 132~138
Rene80 superalloy was liquid phase diffusion bonded by using boron(B) as an insert material, where B has high diffusivity and higher melting point as an insert material. Bonding procedure and bonding mechanism of Rene80/B/Rene80 joint were investigated. As results, liquid metal was produced by solid state reaction between base metal and insert material on bonding zone. The liquid metal was produced preferentially at the grain boundary. Except for production of liquid metal, other bonding procedure was nearly same as TLP(Transient Liquid Phase) bonding. Bonding time, however, was reduced compared to prior result of TLP bonding. By bonding S.4ks at l453K, Ren80/B/Rene80 joint was isothermally solidified and homogenized where thickness of insert material was 7.5.mu.m.
Evaluation of Underclad Crack Susceptibility of the SA508 Class 3 Steel for Pressure Vessels -Optimization of Heat Input-
Journal of Welding and Joining, volume 13, issue 2, 1995, Pages 139~149
Many pressure vessels for the power plants are fabricated from low alloy ferritic steels. The inner sides of the pressure vessels are commonly weld_cladded with austenitic stainless steels to minimize problems of corrosive attack. The submerged-arc welding(SAW) process is now used in preference to other processes because of the possibilities open to automation to reduce the overaII welding times. The most reliable way to avoid underclad cracks(UCC) which are often detected at the overlap of the clad beads is to use nonsusceptible steels such as SA508 class 3. At present domestically developed forging steel of SA508 cl.S is now being cladded with single layer by using 90mm wide strip, which transfers higher heat input into the base metal compared to the conventional two layers strip cladding which has been in wide use with 30-60 mm wide strip. But the current indices for the influence of heat input on crack susceptibility are not accurate enough to express the subtle difference in crack susceptibility of the steel. Therefore, the purpose of this present study is: l) To determine UCC susceptibility on domestic forging steel, SA508 cl.S cladded with single layer by using submerged arc 90mm strip and, 2) To optimize heat input range by which the crack susceptibility could be eliminated