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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
> Journal Vol & Issue
Journal of Welding and Joining
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
The Korean Welding and Joining Society
Editor in Chief :
Volume & Issues
Volume 14, Issue 6 - Dec 1996
Volume 14, Issue 5 - Oct 1996
Volume 14, Issue 4 - Aug 1996
Volume 14, Issue 3 - Jun 1996
Volume 14, Issue 2 - Apr 1996
Volume 14, Issue 1 - Feb 1996
Selecting the target year
Building Design concept of Steel Structures
Journal of Welding and Joining, volume 14, issue 5, 1996, Pages 1~14
Weld Connection Design for Steel Structures
Journal of Welding and Joining, volume 14, issue 5, 1996, Pages 15~28
Trend of automatic welding system in the steel structure and steel bridge construction
Journal of Welding and Joining, volume 14, issue 5, 1996, Pages 29~39
Trend of welding Technology in Korean Industries
Journal of Welding and Joining, volume 14, issue 5, 1996, Pages 40~48
A Study on Mechanical Properties of Fillet Weldment in Pipeline Repair Welding Using Sleeve
Journal of Welding and Joining, volume 14, issue 5, 1996, Pages 49~58
In Korea Gas Corporation, as one of the pipeline repairing methods, damaged pipelines are sometimes treated with a temporally employment of split sleeve. On conducting the repair process, circumferential fillet and longitudinal groove welding usually must be included. For the case of groove welding, a considerable amount of R&D have been carried out related to property changes, while few study on the property change in fillet welding has been conducted. In this paper, so as to confirm the specification of fillet welding in terms of safety and reliability, properties changed by fillet welding were investigated for two welding processes. Qualifying tests such as reviewing macrostructure and nick-break tests were performed according to API 1104 and ASME section IX. In addition, tensile properties and hardness were evaluated according to KS B0841 and BS 4515. The fillet weld prepared by the qualified procedure showed melting depth of 0.8∼1.3mm and heat affected zone of 2.8∼3.4mm length. No crack and lack of penetration were observed. And the results of hardness and nick-break tests satisfied code requirements. The area crossed by fillet and groove welding line was found to have minimal tensile strength.
Process Optimization for the Laser Cutting of Cold Rolled STS Sheet
Journal of Welding and Joining, volume 14, issue 5, 1996, Pages 59~68
This study was aimed to characterize the laser cutting process for the cold rolled stainless steel sheet. The principal process parameters of the cutting process were applied to both the continuous wave form and the pulsed wave form for the laser output mode. The laser-oxygen cutting process and the laser-nitrogen cutting process were also considered to characterize the quality and efficiency of the cutting process. The laser-oxygen cutting process revealed the better productivity than the laser-nitrogen cutting process, since the laser energy and the exothermic oxidation energy exerted on the laser-oxygen cutting process simultaneously during the entire cutting process. However, the straightness of the cutting section, which was considered as the most important factors, was inferior to that of the laser-nitrogen cutting process due to the formation of chromum oxide on the cutting surface. Frequency and duration of the pulsed wave form act as the main factors for the better quality, When the frequency increased from 100 Hz to 200 Hz and the duty increased from 20% to 40%, the quality factors such as the height of dross and the surface roughness were improved remarkably. The increase in the frequency from 200 Hz to 300 Hz, on the other hand, revealed the less effective in the cutting quality.
Analysis of Fatigue Crack Growth with Thickness Ratio in Weldments
Journal of Welding and Joining, volume 14, issue 5, 1996, Pages 69~77
This study aims to analyze the S. I. F. K value upon Mode I cracks in a finite-width plate of varying thickness, which is expressed in terms of width ratio (
), thickness ratio (
) and non-dimensional crack length (λ) by using the 2-dimensional finite element method. Then, by comparing the effectiveness of the results obtained by the two finite element methods, it is seen that the 2-dimensional finite element method can be used in order to analyse the S. I. F. K values upon a various thickness model. A model is developed in order to analyze the effects of initial residual stress upon the fatigue crack growth behavior in various thickness welded specimens. In this model, crack growth rate da/dN appears to be come small as the thickness ratio with the same ΔK is increased. Also, in the initial step, as ΔK is increased with crack growth rate is decreased and then increased because the repeated compressive residual stress retards crack growth rate.
A study on development of automatic welding system for compressor ease using vision sensor
Journal of Welding and Joining, volume 14, issue 5, 1996, Pages 78~86
Vision sensor was used to track the weld line of the compressor case. The compressor case was fixed in jig equipped with the rotating system, and two torches having one degree of freedom was applied in automatic welding system. The radius of rotation for the compressor case is varying with each rotating angle, while, the angle velocity is constant Therefore, an algorithm to extract the feature of the compressor case for varying rotation angle is needed. To over come the avove difficulties, the curve fitting and composite curve were used. The experiment to verify the proposed algorithm showed desirable results for tracking the welding line of compressor case.
Effect of Contact-tube to Work Distance on the Melting Rate of GMA Welding
Journal of Welding and Joining, volume 14, issue 5, 1996, Pages 87~94
It has been well known in GMA welding process that wire feeding speed (WFS) or deposition rate increases linealy with the increase of wire extension. In this investigation, however, such an well-known relationship was .reconsidered in terms of contact-tube to work distance (CTWD) instead of wire extension. To verify the proposed relationship between WFS and CTWD, bead-on-plate welding was performed with various CTWDs in the range of 15∼35mm under the condition of near-constant voltage and current As expected, the test results showed an excellent linear relation between WFS and CTWD. Furthermore, the value of the slope turned out to be quite similar to those of previous investigators obtained either theoretically or experimentally through the Precise measurement of electrode extension. Present result also demonstred that the increase of CTWD could be very practical measure for increaring deposition rate without any increase of heat input Depending on the tip recess the practical maximum of CTWD was appeared to be limited somewhere in 25∼30mm mainly due to the entrappment of porocity.
A Study on Temperature Profile and Residual Stress in Pipeline Repair Welding Using Sleeve
Journal of Welding and Joining, volume 14, issue 5, 1996, Pages 95~105
Korea Gas Corporation has operated high pressure gas transmission line of about 600 kilometers and, therefore, a series of repair welding processes are required in order to cope with external defects such as dent, gouge, cracking usually due to mechanical attacks. Most of gas pipelines repair processes are performed after completely venting remaining gas. However, in some case, though it is very unusual, repairs require without venting gas. For instance, this case is that damaged pipeline is remedied with split sleeve by welding. In this paper, in an effort to confirm a safe application of the split sleeve welding, residual stress, strain and temperature distributions are evaluated by computer simulation and experiments. The results obtained are as follows : 1) Computer modelling is supposed to be reasonable because microstructure changes due to welding is simulated coincidently as compare to that of real condition. 2) The maximal temperature on inside surface of pipeline is 50
for the repair welding process. 3) The amount of residual stress is estimated as the stress corresponding to 0.8% strain. 4) The repair process employed is determined to be technically preferable because of its avoiding cracks and fractures in the course of welding.
Effect of Ti on Spatter Generation of
Journal of Welding and Joining, volume 14, issue 5, 1996, Pages 106~112
The effects of Ti addition in welding wire on the spatter generation and the droplet transfer phenomena were investigated. With increasing Ti content the spattering rate was decreased but the ratio of large size spatter (D
1. 0mm) was increased in both short circuit and globular transfer mode of
welding. In short circuit transfer region, the arcing time was increased and the droplet transfer frequency was decreased with increasing Ti content In globular transfer region, the transition current and voltage to globular transfer was lowered and the welding condition region for stable globular transfer was widened with increasing Ti content.
Modeling of Are Light Intensity and Its Application to Weld Seam Tracking in GMAW
Journal of Welding and Joining, volume 14, issue 5, 1996, Pages 113~121
The arc sensor has been most widely used for weld seam tracking through welding current or voltage variation. In this work, the relation between the arc light intensity and welding condition is investigated using heat balance in the Plasma for its possible application to seam tracking in the GMAW process. The arc light intensity is derived to be the function of the arc length and welding current Experiments are carried out to verify the proposed heat balance model. Performances of least square and integration methods to process the signals for seam tracking are compared experimentally. Predicted arc light intensity shows reasonably good agreement with experimental results. The weld seam is successfully tracked through the arc light intensity. The least square and integration methods demonstrate almost same performance of seam tracking with
Evaluation of Cryogenic Fracture Characteristics on TIG Weldments of Superconducting Magnets Structural Steel by Small Punch Testing Method
Journal of Welding and Joining, volume 14, issue 5, 1996, Pages 122~133
In order to evaluate the cryogenic fracture characteristics of structural steels for superconducting magnets of fusion reactor, small punch (SP) testing was performed on austenitic stainless steel (JN1 base metal) and its TIG weldments at 293K, 77K and 4K. The mechanical properties with respect to the extracted location of the weld metal, on the effects of welding heat cycle about base metal near fusion line in TIG weldments were investigated. The mechanical property of the weld metal in TIG weldments depends on distance from welding root, root region of weldments having the lowest mechanical property. The base metal near fusion line showed degradation of mechanical property caused by cyclic heating during the TIG welding. Based on the test results, HAZ was found to be up to 5mm from the fusion line. It is shown that SP testing is a useful tool to evaluate the mechanical properties with respect to the microstructures changes such as HAZ as well as weld metal in TIG weldments at cryogenic temperature.
A characteristics of base metal and weldment of 100ksi class high strength steel
Journal of Welding and Joining, volume 14, issue 5, 1996, Pages 134~144
A study was performed to investigate the properties of base metal and weldment for two HSLA steels and one HY-100 steel. Tensile, yield strength and elongation of HSLA-A steel were superior to those of HY-100 steel and yield ratios in HSLA-A and HSLA-B steels were higher than HY-100 steel owing to the precipitation of
-Cu phase. The impact energy of HSLA-A steel was greater at all aging temperatures than that of HY-100 steel. HSLA-A and HY-100 steels had low impact transition temperature of about -l
and high upper shelf energy, The peak hardness of weldment in HSLA-A, HSLA-B and HY-100 steels were Hv 299, Hv 275 and Hv 441, respectively. The hardenability of HY-100 steel was largest due to the higher amount of carbon. The y-groove test showed that HSLA steels had superior resistance to cold cracking. Toughness of weld joint at the F. L. and F. L. ＋1mm in HSLA-A was almost the same as HY-100, but those at F. L.＋3mm and F. L.＋5mm was greater in HSLA-A steel.
The Effect of Deoxidizers in a Wire on Spatter Generation in Gas Metal Arc Welding
Journal of Welding and Joining, volume 14, issue 5, 1996, Pages 145~150
The variation of spatter generation in gas metal arc welding with welding conditions and wire compositions was investigated and interpreted in terms of arc stability. The transition range from a short circuit mode to a spray mode in the mixed gas welding showed an unstable arc and generated the largest amount of spatters. Titanium reduced spatters only in the globular mode of
welding and silicon and manganese showed the same effect The effect of silicon and manganese, however, was no longer seen when titanium was added simultaneously to the wire. It is believed that deoxidizers easily form oxides on the anode and make the arc stable even in DCRP welding. The wires with deoxidizers also showed low short circuit frequency, resulting in the increase of large size spatters.