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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
> Journal Vol & Issue
Journal of Welding and Joining
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
The Korean Welding and Joining Society
Editor in Chief :
Volume & Issues
Volume 15, Issue 6 - Dec 1997
Volume 15, Issue 5 - Oct 1997
Volume 15, Issue 4 - Aug 1997
Volume 15, Issue 3 - Jun 1997
Volume 15, Issue 2 - Apr 1997
Volume 15, Issue 1 - Feb 1997
Selecting the target year
Fundamentals and Basic Application of Friction Welding
Journal of Welding and Joining, volume 15, issue 6, 1997, Pages 1~12
The Principle and Application of the Explosive Welding
Journal of Welding and Joining, volume 15, issue 6, 1997, Pages 13~23
Fundamentals of Ultrasonic Welding
;Jeong, H. S.;
Journal of Welding and Joining, volume 15, issue 6, 1997, Pages 24~31
A Study on the Solid State Diffusion Bonding of Ti-6Al-4V Alloy
Journal of Welding and Joining, volume 15, issue 6, 1997, Pages 32~40
Solid state diffusion bonding is the joining process performed by creep and diffusion, which is accelerated by heating below melting temperature and proper pressing, in vacuum or shielding gas atmosphere. By this process we can obtain sufficient joint which can't be expected from the fusion welding. For Ti-6Al-4V alloy, the optimum solid state diffusion bonding condition and mechanical properties of the joint were found, and micro void morphology at bond interface was observed by SEM. The results of tensile test showed sufficient joint, whose mechanical properties are similar to that of base metal. 850
C, 3MPa is considered as the optimum bonding condition. Void morphology at interface is long and flat at the initial stage. As the percentage of bonded area increases, however, small and round voids are found. Variation of void shape can be explained as follows. As for the void shrinkage mechanism, at the initial stage, power law creep is the dominant, but diffusion mechanism is dominant when the percentage of bonded area is increased.
A study on determining arc stability using weight of spatter
Journal of Welding and Joining, volume 15, issue 6, 1997, Pages 41~48
For analyzing the characteristics of arc welding processes, an algorithm is necessary to determine the metal transfer mode, arc stability and weld quality. In this study, the weight of spatter during welding was selected for determining the arc stability, which is very relevant to the occurrence of spatter. Weld spatter occurs mainly at the moment when the short circuit is formed and also when it is broken causing the arc to restrike. Based on this fact, the arc stability can be determined by finding the suitable parameters of welding current and arc voltage which influence the weight of spatter. Through various welding experiments, the peak current, the arcing time, the short circuit time, the current and its slope at the start of short circuit were found mainly to influence the weight of spatter. For the convenient usage, an index was proposed by combining all these parameters. It was found that the index is very effective for determining the arc stability.
Effect of Process Parameters on Condenser Discharge Weldability of Thin Gauge Steel
Journal of Welding and Joining, volume 15, issue 6, 1997, Pages 49~56
Effect of process parameters on the quality of condenser discharge weld for coated sheet steels was discussed. The welding specimens were coated with pure Zn of 20/20 g/m2 in the production line. Direct measurements of welding parameters such as the discharge current, the pressures and the voltage drop across the electrodes were carried out with welding process monitoring system. High speed camera was also utilized to analyze the weld formation process. Test results indicated that the relation between weld strength and applied energy was stabilized at the acceptable welding heat input range. It was thought that the acceptable welding heat input should be redefined based on the monitored data because the calculated value of the welding heat input could hardly be utilized if the discharge condition was changed. Mechanical test results and high speed photographs showed that expulsion deteriorated the weld quality and the strength at the same time especially when the size of the spatter was large enough to carry the molten metal, which should form the nugget, out of the welding spot. Results also demonstrated that the discharge current should be applied at the appropriate time during the process because sufficient nugget was not produced if the time was deviated from the optimum range.
A Study on Effects of Parameters on Beads by Plasma Arc Welding for Zircaloy-4
;;;Kim, S. S.;Yang, M. S.;
Journal of Welding and Joining, volume 15, issue 6, 1997, Pages 57~65
A study was undertaken to determine the influence of welding variables such as shielding and plasma gases, torch standoff, travel speed and heat input, etc. on the quality of plasma arc welds in Zircaloy-4 sheet, 2mm thick. Effect of shielding gases and their flow rates on the mechanical properties of Zircaloy-4 welds by plasma arc welding were determined in terms of tensile, bardness and bend tests. The microstructure and fracture surface of Zircaloy-4 welds were investigated by optical and scanning electron microscopies. In addition, the causes of porosity and undercut in plasma arc welds of Zircaloy-4 were also investigated. Zircaloy-4 weld bead width and depth by helium shielding gas showed a wider and deeper than those by argon. It was found that Zircaloy-4 welds with shielding gas of helium did dxhibit a little smoother and uniform weld beads than those with shielding gas of argon. It was also found that the optimum gas flow rates for Zircaloy-4 welding were 0.45l/min for plasma gas with Ar and 4.5 - 6 l/min for shielding gas with He. In addition, there was no big difference in the microstructure and fracture surface of the weld metals made by either Ar shielding gas or He shielding gas.
Effect of Welding Variables for EBW Process in AISI 4130 by Taguchi Method
Kim, Won-Hoon ;
Journal of Welding and Joining, volume 15, issue 6, 1997, Pages 66~77
In the present work, Taguchi method for electron beam welding(EBW) process in AISI 4130 steel plate has been adopted for investigating the contribution of effect of welding variables.
orthogonal array is adopted to obtain the effect of adjustment parameters. The adjustment parameters consist of accelerating voltage, beam current, travel speed and focus currrent. And the quality features selected for the EBW process are bead width of weldment, reinforcement, penetration depth, undercut and area of weld metal. Variance analysis is performed in order to check the effect of adjustment parameters on EBW. The mechanical properties of electron beam welded joints for each heat treatment conditions are investigated in comparison with those of base metal, especially from the view point of tensile and impact properties.
Friction Welding of Inconel 713C and SCM 440
Journal of Welding and Joining, volume 15, issue 6, 1997, Pages 78~84
Friction welding technique was studied to weld the turbine wheel and shaft of a turbocharger. The welding parameters were selected to investigate the effects of variables on welding quality of Inconel 713C and SCM 440. Experimental results showed that the turbine wheel and shaft could be successfully welded by friction welding. The heat affected zone was identified to be 2 mm from the weld seam. After welding, the hardness profile was found to have sudden increase and decrease for inconel 713C and SCM 440 respectively. Tensile strength of welded specimens was higher than the required strength for all of the studied welding parameters. The central portion of fracture surfaces by bending had no defects such as crack.
A study on the Optimum Conditions of Nd:YAG LBW for Zircaloy-4 End Cap Closure By Optical Fiber Transmission
Journal of Welding and Joining, volume 15, issue 6, 1997, Pages 85~95
This study is to investigate the optimum conditions of Nd:YAG laser beam welding for Zircaloy-4 end cap closure by optical fiber transmission. Laser welding parameters which affect the penetration depth and bead width were experimentally examined using the various beam radius by the beam quality analyzer, joint geometries of end cap and the laser parameters which mean pulse width, repetition rate and pulse energy. Also, an optimum welding speed and the effect of assistant gas with varying the flow rate of He were investigated. We found that the laser average power for the end cap welding will be 230W and rotation speed must not exceed 8 RPM, the best position of focus using optical fiber with 600.mu.m will be 2 to 3mm below the surface of the material.
Improvement of Wear Resistance of Aluminum by Metal-Ceramic Particle Composite Layer
Journal of Welding and Joining, volume 15, issue 6, 1997, Pages 96~104
The present study was aimed to correlate the microstructure and the hardness as well as the wear resistance of the metal-ceramic particulated composite layer on the pure Al plate. The composite layers were constructed by the addition of TiC particles on the surface of Al-Cu alloyed layers by PTA overlaying process. Initially, the Al-Cu alloyed layers were achieved by the deposition of Al-(25 ~ 48%) Cu alloys on the pure Al plate by TIG process. It was revealed that TiC particles were uniformly dispersed without any reaction with matrix in the composite layer. The volume fraction of TiC particles (TiC V F) increased from 12% to 55% with increasing the number of pass of composite layer. Hardnesses of (Al-48%Cu + TiC (3&4layers)) composite layer were Hv450 and Hv560, respectively, due to the increase of TiC V/F. Hardnesses of (Al-Cu + TiC) composite layers decreased gradually with insreasing temperature from 100
C to 400
C, and hardnesses at 400
C were then reached to 1/5 - 1/10 of room temperature hardness depending on the construction of composite layers. The Specific wear of (Al + Tic) layer and Al-48%Cu alloyed layer decreased to 1/10 of the of pure Al, while the specific wear of (Al-48%Cu + TiC (4 layers)) composite layer exhibited 1/15 of that of steel such as SS400 and STS304.
Heat Transfer Analysis of Infrared Reflow Soldering Process for Attaching Electronic Components to Printed Circuit Boards
Son, Young-Seok ;
Journal of Welding and Joining, volume 15, issue 6, 1997, Pages 105~115
A numerical study is performed to predict the thermal response of a detailed card assembly during infrared reflow soldering. The card assembly is exposed to discontinuous infrared panel heater temperature distributions and high radiative/convective heating and cooling rates at the inlet and exit of the oven. The convective, radiative and conduction heat transfer within the reflow oven as well as within the card assembly are simulated and the predictions illustrate the detailed thermal responses. The predictions show that mixed convection plays an important role with relatively high frequency effects attributed to buoyancy forces, however the thermal response of the card assembly is dominated by radiation. The predictions of the detailed card assembly thermal response can be used to select the oven operating conditions to ensure proper solder melting and minimization of thermally induced card assembly tresses and warpage.
Control of Bead Geometry in GMAW
Journal of Welding and Joining, volume 15, issue 6, 1997, Pages 116~123
In GMA welding processes, bead contour and penetration patterns are criterion to estimate weld quality. Bead geometry is commonly defined with width, height and depth. When weaving is taken into account, selection of welding conditions is known to be difficult. Thus, empirical or trial-and-error method are usually introduced. This study examined the correlation of welding process variables including weaving parameters with bead geometry using srtificial neural networks(ANN). The main task of the Ann estimator is to realize the mapping characteristics from the sampled welding process variables to the actual bead geometry through training. After the neural network model is constructed, welding process variables for desired bead geometry is selected by inverse model. Experimental varification of the inverse model is conducted through actual welding.