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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
> Journal Vol & Issue
Journal of Welding and Joining
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
The Korean Welding and Joining Society
Editor in Chief :
Volume & Issues
Volume 16, Issue 6 - Dec 1998
Volume 16, Issue 5 - Oct 1998
Volume 16, Issue 4 - Aug 1998
Volume 16, Issue 3 - Jun 1998
Volume 16, Issue 2 - Apr 1998
Volume 16, Issue 1 - Feb 1998
Selecting the target year
Developments of MAG Welding Wires for Surface-treated Steels
Journal of Welding and Joining, volume 16, issue 1, 1998, Pages 9~16
Effect of Various Factors on Droplet Transfer Phenomena in GMA Welding
Journal of Welding and Joining, volume 16, issue 1, 1998, Pages 17~24
Ni Alloy Welding Consumables for 9%NIckel Steel
Journal of Welding and Joining, volume 16, issue 1, 1998, Pages 25~37
Welding Construction System
Journal of Welding and Joining, volume 16, issue 1, 1998, Pages 38~48
Review on Flux Cored Wire Development for Welding Fume Reduction
Journal of Welding and Joining, volume 16, issue 1, 1998, Pages 49~51
FEM Simulation of Lap Joint in
Laser Welding of Zn-coated Steel
Journal of Welding and Joining, volume 16, issue 1, 1998, Pages 52~62
Laser beam welding of zinc-coated steel, especially lap joints, has a problem of zinc vapor produced during welding which has a low vaporization temperature of 906.deg. C. It is lower than the melting temperature of steel (1500.deg. C). The high pressure formed by vaporization of zinc during laser welding splatters the molten pool and creates porosities in weld. During laser lap welds of zinc-coated steel sheets with CW CO
laser the gap size has been analyzed and simulated using a FEM. The simulation has been carried out in the range of gap aetween 0 and 0.16 mm. The vaporized zinc gas has effected to prevent heat from conducting toward the bottom of sheets. In vaporized zinc gas has effected to prevent heat from conducting toward the bottom of sheets. In the case of too small gap size, zinc gas has not ejected and existed between two sheets. Therefore heat was difficult to conduct from the upper sheet to lower sheet and the upper sheet could over-melted. In the case of large gap size the zinc gas has been prefectly ejected but only a part of lower sheet has melted. The optimum range of gap size in the lap welds of zinc-coated steel sheets has been calculated to be between 0.08 and 0.12 mm. According to the comparison of experiment, the simulation is proved to be acceptable and applicable to laser lap welds.
Analysis of Stress Intensity Factor for the Cracked Plate Reinforced with a Sheet by Seam Welding
Journal of Welding and Joining, volume 16, issue 1, 1998, Pages 63~69
The stress intensity factor has been calculated theoretically for the cracked plate subjected to remote normal stress and reinforced with a sheet by symmetric seam welding. The singular integral equation was derived based on displacement compatibility condition between the cracked sheet and the reinforcement plate, and solved by means of Erdogran and Gupta's method. The results from the derived equation for stress intensity factor were compared with FEM solutions and seems to be reasonable. The reinforcement effect gets better as welding line is closer to the crack and the stiffness ratio of the cracked plate and the reinforcement sheet becomes larger.
Life Evaluation of Long-time Used 1Cr-0.5Mo Main Steam Pipe
Journal of Welding and Joining, volume 16, issue 1, 1998, Pages 70~76
Most fossil power plants and many critical components will be approaching the end of their nominal design life. At the same time, utilities are finding it economically attractive to extend the use of these plants for several more years, Especially Main steam pipe that operated under high temperature and pressure, often under the more severe operating conditions associated with cycling duty, is most important pipe system and critical component in fossil power plant. To extend the viability of older pipe system and to improve the operation and maintenance reliability, some technologies of precise diagnosis and life management have evolved out of the necessity. The purpose of this study is to descrive the related technologies and show the example of one power plants. The purpose of this study is to descrive the related technologies and show the example of one power plants. The stress analysis was done using ANSYS FEM Code. The branch area from main steam to turbine was the high stressed zone. To evaluate the degradation of the pipe material, replica, visual check, magnetic test, hardness test were done at the welding spot. The degradation level of welding point was E/F, so the remaining life of the welded area was about 0-25%.
Laser Weldability of Sheet steels for Tailored Blank Manufacturing(1)
Journal of Welding and Joining, volume 16, issue 1, 1998, Pages 77~87
This paper deals with the effect of laser welding parameters on the weld formation. Thin steels for automotive application were prepared so as to be welded with high power carbon dioxide laser system. Major process parameters were position of focus and travel speed. The effect of shielding gas was also discussed by employing the high speed photometry. Test results showed that the optimal position of focus varied in accordance with the joint configuration; bead-on-plate, butt or lap welding. It was recommended that the position of focus for the lap welding be located at slightly inner part of the material to be welded. In this case, however, it was noticeable that the weld penetration ratio, d/t
dropped drastically at the critical region. Results also demonstrated that both the bead width and penetration reduced as the travel speed increased. The penetration ratio showed two distinct regions; stabilized zone at the lower range of the travel spped and sudden drop zone at the higher range of travel speed. Lower limit of the penetration for acceptable weld was proved to be about 90% of the parent metal thickness based on the physical properties of the weld. Mixed gas application for both the shielding of molten metal and laser induced plasma control was recommended as far as the penetration was concerned.d.
Effects of Alloying Elements on Hardening of 13Cr Stainless Steels Using Plasma Nitriding Process
Journal of Welding and Joining, volume 16, issue 1, 1998, Pages 88~97
The surface characteristics of 13Cr stainless steel systems by plasma nitriding were investigated. The plasma nitriding for the 13Cr steels, in which the nitriding forming elements such as Ti, V, W, Nb, Al, Zr and Si were added about 2~3wt.%, respectively, was performed. In all nitrided specimens, .epsilon.-F
N and CrN were detected as the nitrides with the a-Fe in the nitrided layer. VN and .betha.-
N were also detected in 13Cr-3V and 13Cr-3W alloys. The growth of the nitrided layer was controlled by the diffusion process. The thickness of the nitrided layer was similar in the 13Cr-2Nb and 3Zr specimens to that of 13Cr(BM) specimen, while the others exhibited the thinner layer. The activation energy for the growth of the nitrided layer in the temperature range of 773-873K was about 130kJ/mol in 13Cr(BM), 13Cr-2Ti, 3W, 3Al, 3Zr and 3Si alloys. The hardness of the nitrided specimens was significantly increased above Hv1000, comparing to the non-nitrided specimen. The specimens with the nitrided forming elements revealed much higher hardness values and, especially, 13Cr-3Al, 3V and 3Si specimens were significantly hardened up to Hv1300.v1300.0.
Analysis of large welded structures by using an automatic mesh generation
Journal of Welding and Joining, volume 16, issue 1, 1998, Pages 98~105
The accuracy of the finite element method depends upon the mesh that is used in the analysis. The temperature around the arc is higher than the melting point of the materials, and it drops sharply in the regions just away from the arc. This requires an extremely fine mesh in the confined high temperature region to predict the temperature accurately in that region. But the computational time increases with the fineness of mesh. Since fine mesh is required only around the arc source, adaptivity of the input mesh according to the position of the arc source is efficient. The remeshing technique gives a fine mesh in the high temperature region around the arc and a coarse mesh in other region at any time step. With this it is possible to achieve desired accuracy with less computation time. In this study a transient adaptive mesh, remeshing technique, is developed and calculated temperature for a sample problem.
A Study on the Plug Weldability of 304 Stainless Steel
Journal of Welding and Joining, volume 16, issue 1, 1998, Pages 106~113
In this study, the plug weldability of STS 304 was investigated. The parameters which influence plug weldability were pushing pressure of the plates, position of welding wire and composition of shielding gases. Among these factors, the composition of shielding gases and hole diameter of the upper plate were found to be the major factors influencing weld quality. To evaluate weldability, tensile shear strength of the plug welded specimen was measured and compared with tensile strength of butt welded specimen. Hardness was measured for both plug weld and butt weld. The microstructure of the weld metal and HAZ were also characterized.
Effect of Matrix Phase on the Abrasive Wear Behavior of the High Cr White Iron Hardfacing Weld Deposites
Journal of Welding and Joining, volume 16, issue 1, 1998, Pages 114~124
The effect of matrix phase (austenite, pearlite, martensite) on the low stress abrasion resistance in the chromium-carbide-type high Cr white iorn hardfacing weld deposites has been investigated. In order to examine matrix phase, a series of alloys with different matrix phase by changing the ratio of Cr/C system by heat treatment were employed. The alloys were deposited twice on a mild steel plate using self-shielding flux cored arc welding process. The low stress abrasion resistance of the alloys against sands was measured by the Dry Sand/Rubber Wheel Abrasion Test(RWAT). Even though formation of pearlite phase in the matrix showed higher hardness than that of austenite, there was no observable difference in wear resistance between the pearlite and austenite phase for the same amount of chromium-carbide in the matrix. On the other hand, the formation of martensitic phase,, from heat treated austenitic alloys (high content of Cr), enhanced wear resistance due to its fine secondary precipitates.
Effect of Volume Fraction of Cr Carbide Phase on the Abrasive Wear Behavior of the High Cr White Iron Harcfacing Weld Deposits
Journal of Welding and Joining, volume 16, issue 1, 1998, Pages 125~133
The effect of volume fraction of Cr carbide phase (Cr CVF) on the low stress abrasion resistance in the chromium-carbide-type high Cr white iron hardfacing weld deposits has been investigated. In order to examine Cr CVF, a series of alloys with varying Cr CVF by changing chromium and carbon contents and the ratio of Cr/C were employed. The alloys were deposited once or twice on a mild steel plate using the self-shielding flux cored arc welding process. The low stress abrasion resistance of the alloys against sands was measured by the Dry Sand/Rubber Wheel Abrasion Test (RWAT). It was shown that hardness and abrasion resistance increased with increasing Cr CVF within the whole test range (Cr CVF : 0.23-0.64). Both primary Cr carbide and eutectic Cr carbide were particularly effective in resisting wear due to their high hardness.