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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
> Journal Vol & Issue
Journal of Welding and Joining
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
The Korean Welding and Joining Society
Editor in Chief :
Volume & Issues
Volume 18, Issue 6 - Dec 2000
Volume 18, Issue 5 - Oct 2000
Volume 18, Issue 4 - Aug 2000
Volume 18, Issue 3 - Jun 2000
Volume 18, Issue 2 - Apr 2000
Volume 18, Issue 1 - Feb 2000
Selecting the target year
Net Aspects of Research Trends and Problems on Pressure Vessel Steels
Journal of Welding and Joining, volume 18, issue 1, 2000, Pages 16~29
Consideration sin Welding for the Cr-Mo Type Steel Pressure Vessels
Journal of Welding and Joining, volume 18, issue 1, 2000, Pages 30~37
Welding Fabrication Technology of Pressure Vessels
Journal of Welding and Joining, volume 18, issue 1, 2000, Pages 38~45
Experimental Verification on the Detectability of Surface Flaws at Fillet Weld Hills by Ultrasonic Method
Journal of Welding and Joining, volume 18, issue 1, 2000, Pages 46~51
Ultrasonic nondestructive evaluation (UNDE) technique is commonly used for detecting inner defects in the materials. Recently, new methods are trying to apply for detecting surface and subsurface flaws using Rayleigh wave or creeping wave. These techniques, however, have following problems. Echo amplitude is remarkably affected by the surface conditions and discrimination of echo pattern is usually difficult because shear wave propagate in the material at the same time. We can apply surface SH-wave(which is horizontally polarized shear wave traveling along near surface layer) technique to detect surface flaws. In this paper, directivity, distance amplitude characteristics and detectability of surface flaws at fillet weld hills of the 5 MHz and 2 MHz surface flaws at fillet weld hills of the 5 MHz and 2 MHz surface Sh-wave are experimentally investigated. As a result of the study, it was found out that these techniques are valuable for the detection of fatigue cracks at fillet weld heels which can not be detected by other ultrasonic techniques such as angle beam technique and which are inaccessible for non-destructive testings e.g. MT(magnetic particle testing) or PT(liquid penetrant testing).
The Study on Microstructures and Mechanical Properties of Mild Steel Joined with Various Spot Welding Conditions
Journal of Welding and Joining, volume 18, issue 1, 2000, Pages 52~58
Spot welding, namely a kind of electric resisting welding has been used widely in field of automobile and aircraft industries because of easiness to apply. Specimens used in this study was a mild steel of 1.2mm thickness and the electrode was a Cu-Cr alloy of 6mm diameter. The surface sheared of specimens after testing of tensile shear was observed by SEM(scanning electron microscope) after ultrasonic cleaning for 10min., and microstructures and grain size of all specimens were measured with using of O.M.(Optical microscope). By the means of measurement and observations of tensile shear load, fatigue strength and share surface, the weldability of spot welding was evaluated. When tensile shearing testing, fracture starting point in all specimens was took place at the bond between HAZ(Heat affected zone) and nugget. With increasing in number of layers, fatigue strength was decreased. With increasing in electric current, grain size in the HAZ became more fine.
A Study of Weld Fusion Zone Phenomena in Austenitic Stainless Steels(2) - Effects of Nitrogen on Microstructural Evolution and Hot Cracking Susceptibility GTA Welds in STS 304 -
Journal of Welding and Joining, volume 18, issue 1, 2000, Pages 59~69
The purpose of the present study was to investigate weld metallurgical phenomena such as primary solidification mode, microstructural evolution and hot cracking susceptibility in nitrogen-bearing austenitic stainless steel GTA welds. Eight experimental heats varying nitrogen content from 0.007 to 0.23 wt.% were used in this study. Autogenous GTA welding was performed on weld coupons and the primary solidification mode and their microstructural characteristics were investigated from the fusion welds. Varestraint test was employed to evaluate the solidification cracking susceptibility of the heats and TCL(Total Crack Length) was used as cracking susceptibility index. The solidification mode shifted from primary ferrite to primary austenite with an increase in nitrogen content. Retained delta ferrite exhibited a variety of morphology as nitrogen content varied. The weld fusion zone exhibited duplex structure(austenite+ferrite) at nitrogen contents less than 0.10 wt.% but fully austenitic structure at nitrogen contents more than 0.20 wt.%. The weld fusion zone in alloys with about 0.15 wt.% nitrogen experienced primary austenite + primary ferrite solidification (mode AF) and contained delta ferrite less than 1% at room temperature. Regarding to solidification cracking susceptibility, the welds with fully austenitic structure exhibited high cracking susceptibility while those with duplex structure low susceptibility. The cracking susceptibility increased slowly with an increase in nitrogen content up to 0.20 wt.% but sharply as nitrogen content exceeded 0.20 wt.%, which was attributed to solidification mode shift fro primary ferrite to primary austenite single phase solidification.
A Semi-solid Bonding between Rolled Steel for Structural Parts and Lead Bronze Alloy
Journal of Welding and Joining, volume 18, issue 1, 2000, Pages 70~76
A rolled steel for structural parts and lead bronze alloy were bonded each other by a new semi-solid diffusion bonding process to investigate the effect of the process parameters, for example bonding temperature and bonding time, on the interface characteristics, and bonding behavior. It can be possible that manufacture of the bonded steel/lead bronze which has a cylindrical shape with inserted the lead bronze alloy into the steel ring by the diffusion bonding process under the semi-solid condition of the lead bronze alloy without any pressure and flux. It has been know that the control of the amount of the liquid phase in semi-solid lead bronze alloy was very important to obtain soundness interface, since the shear strength of the bonded steel/lead bronze at 850℃ for 60 minutes under the condition of about 40% of the liquid phase in the lead bronze alloy shows maximum value, 210 MPa. The shear strength increases with an increase in bonding time and show maximum value, and then decreases.
Ultimate and Fatigue Strength of Ship Hopper Knuckles
Journal of Welding and Joining, volume 18, issue 1, 2000, Pages 77~82
The aim of the present study is to investigate the characteristics of ultimate the fatigue strength of hopper knuckles in merchant vessels carrying bulk cargo or LNG/LPG/ The ultimate strength test is undertaken on the hopper knuckle model, subject to end tip load. A series of fatigue tests are carried out on the hopper knuckle models varying the level of the nominal stresses. The elasto-plastic finite element analysis is performed to examine the distribution of hot spot stresses near weld toe and also the progressive collapse behavior of the test model. S-N curves are developed based on the fatigue test results.
A Study on the Effective Arc Sensing by the Use of the Weighted-Arc-Current in Flux-Cored Arc Welding for Fillet Joints
Journal of Welding and Joining, volume 18, issue 1, 2000, Pages 83~90
It was attempted to improve seam-tracking performance by applying a new arc-sensing algorithm for FCAW(flux-cored arc welding) process in fillet joints. For this study the authors have introduced three different weight factors:
arc currents at the weaving end are more weighted,
arc currents are evenly weighted along the weaving, and
arc currents at the weaving center are more weighted. To evaluate the 3 factors the values of signal-to-noise(S/N) ratio has been measured. The values were obtained for various welding conditions with different gaps in horizontal and vertical fillet joints. The test results showed that the S/N ratio of the 1st case was highest which resulted in the best of seam tracking performance. In addition, the comparison between the seam tracking performance in horizontal fillet joints and that in vertical ones has been done, and the result showed that tracking performance in vertical joints was relatively better than that in horizontal joints.
Weldability of Zn Coated Steel Sheet(1) - Weld Defects and Its Characteristics in Welds -
Journal of Welding and Joining, volume 18, issue 1, 2000, Pages 91~96
Characteristics of the weld defect, such as a blowhole and a pit in lap-jointed fillet Co₂ welds of Zn-coated steel sheet were studied in order to make clear the sequence of the blowhole formation during welding. Main conclusions obtained are as follows: 1) Blowhole, wormhole and pit were found in fillet welds, although the optimum welding condition of 200A-23V-100cm/min was applied. 2) Zn was only detected at the solidification boundary at the early stage of the blowhole formation. 3) Most of the blowholes was started to form at lap-joint by the Zn vapor. With increasing of the Zn vapor and its pressure, the blowhole was develope to th bed surface until the completion of weld solidification. 4) The behavior of the blowhole in growth was similar to that of the columnar dendrite during welding.
On-line Monitoring Using SVD in a Electron Beam Welding
Journal of Welding and Joining, volume 18, issue 1, 2000, Pages 97~103
Time series analysis results show the SVD is a candidate of on-line monitoring of welding penetration when the covariance matrix of a full penetration is used as a mapping function. As the reconstructed embedding vectors from the chaotic scalar time series are manipulated by the covariance matrix, the mapped tim series lie on a hyper-ellipsoid which the lengths of semi-axes are the squared eigenvalues of the covariance matrix in the case of full penetration. These visualize by two dimensional stroboscope views. The other cases like partial penetration, are different in the sense of sizes and shapes. Here we test two types of time series; the ion current and the X-ray. The ion current is better than the X-ray as an on-line monitoring signal, because the difference of the eigenvalue spectrum of the ion(between the pull penetration and partial penetration) is bigger than those of the X-ray.
Thermal Stresses near the Edge in a Clad
Journal of Welding and Joining, volume 18, issue 1, 2000, Pages 104~109
Based on the principle of complementary energy, an analytical method is developed which focused on the end effects for determining thermal stress distributions in the clad beam. This method gives the stress distributions which completely satisfy the stress-free boundary condition at the edge. Numerical results shows that shear and peeling stress at the interface between the substrate and clad are significant near the edge and become negligible in the interior region. Even thought the relative location where the maximum or minimum stresses take place moves to interior as the length of the beam becomes smaller, the absolute location from the free end and the value of these stresses are the same in spite of the variation of the length of beam.