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Journal of The Korean Society of Integrative Medicine
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Korean Society of Integrative Medicine
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Volume & Issues
Volume 4, Issue 2 - Jun 2016
Volume 4, Issue 1 - Mar 2016
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Effects of Virtual Reality-Based Exercise on Balance, Gait, and Falls Efficacy in Patients with Parkinson's Disease: A pilot study
Kim, Yonggyun ; Kang, Soonhee ;
Journal of The Korean Society of Integrative Medicine, volume 4, issue 2, 2016, Pages 1~11
DOI : 10.15268/ksim.2016.4.2.001
Purpose : The purpose of this study was to identify whether virtual reality-based exercise could improve on balance, gait and fall efficacy in patients with Parkinson's disease. Methods : Ten patients with Parkinson's disease were randomly divided into either an experimental or control group. The experimental subjects performed vertual reality-based exercise, whereas the control subjects performed conventional physical therapy for 4 weeks. The balance, gait and fall efficacy of all subjects were assessed by using the Measurement Training and Documentation (MTD) balance system, force platform system, Korean version of Berg Balance scale (K-BBS), 6 Minute Walk Test (6MWT), and Korean version of Fall efficacy scale (K-FES) at pre training and post training. Wilcoxon signed rank test was used to analyze change before and after intervention in intra-group. Mann Whitney U test was used to analyze changes of all variables in inter-groups. Results : Subjects in the experimental group showed significant improvements in difference of weight distribution, K-BBS scores, antero-posterior and medio-lateral sway length, ground reaction force (GRF), 6MWT, and step length following training. The changes of difference of weight distribution, K-BBS scores, AP Sway Length, GRF, 6MWT, step length and K-FES scores in the experimental group were significantly more than them of the control group. Conclusion : The result of this study suggest that virtual reality-based exercise training is an intervention to improve on balance, gait, and falls efficacy in patients with Parkinson's disease.
Effects of the Trunk Stabilization Exercise Using Swiss Ball on the Flexibility and Golf Performance in Beginner Golfer
Cho, Namjeong ; Hwang, Sehwan ;
Journal of The Korean Society of Integrative Medicine, volume 4, issue 2, 2016, Pages 13~22
DOI : 10.15268/ksim.2016.4.2.013
Purpose: The purpose of this study was to determine the effects of the swissball exercise in combination with core muscle in beginner golfer. In general, the swiss ball exercise was related in the core muscle ability. Methods: The experiment was conducted with a total of 10 beginner golfer, and they were dicide into two groups: comparison group(n=5) and experimental group(n=5). In this research, the subjects of the comparison group performed the general matte exercise three times a week, for four weeks. The subjects of the experimental group performed the swiss ball exercise in combination with core muscle three times a week, for four weeks. Use the 7-iron and driver were measured head speed and distance of the comparison group and the experimental group, respectively. The collected data were analyzed by using the paired t-test and ANCOVA Results: The results of this study were as follows: 1) Swiss ball exercise in combination with core muscle revealed the significant improvements after corresponding exercise in golf performance capability. 2) Mat exercise was seen less better than the swiss ball exercises. Conclusion: This results suggested that it was improved the golfer shot performance of beginner proposes to see the Swiss combined movement.
The Effect of Transverse Abdominal Muscle Contraction with Visual Feedback on Lung Function in Healthy Adults
Yun, Hyungseon ; Kim, Suhyeon ; Jeon, Hyunji ; Lee, Byungjoon ;
Journal of The Korean Society of Integrative Medicine, volume 4, issue 2, 2016, Pages 23~28
DOI : 10.15268/ksim.2016.4.2.023
Purpose : The purpose of this study was to investigate the effects of transverse abdominal muscle contraction on pulmonary function in supine position. Methods : 10 female and 10 male college students were recruited this study. Pulmonary Function test was measured with QUARK SPIRO. To check the changes in lung function with transverse abdominal muscle contraction, we tested pulmonary function in the supine, with and without transverse abdominal muscle contraction. While the transverse abdominis was activating, we investigate in the change of forced expiration. All statistical analyses were performed using SPSS Statistics VER.12.0 for window version p-values less than 0.05 were used to identify significant differences. Statistical analysis was used Paired t-test to know difference between activated and non-activated TrA of forced expiration. Results : The subject with transverse abdominal muscle contraction showed significant increments in variable of FVC, FEV1, PEF compared to the pre-intervention results (p<0.01). Conclusion : These results indicate that spontaneous contraction of the TrA helps pulmonary function. And the selective contraction of the transverse abdominis at the end of forced inspiration makes increases in the lung capacity.
Effect of Push-up Plus Exercise on Serratus Anterior and Upper Trapezius Muscle Activation Based on the Application Method of Togu
Lee, Keoncheol ; Bae, Wonsik ;
Journal of The Korean Society of Integrative Medicine, volume 4, issue 2, 2016, Pages 29~36
DOI : 10.15268/ksim.2016.4.2.029
Purpose : The purpose of this study was to find out the effects on muscle activations of serratus anterior and upper trapezius muscles when push-up plus exercise togu applied differently depending on the body part. Method : Thirty six volunteers took part in this study and we divided into three groups(upper arm togu group 12, leg togu group 12, upper arm-leg togu group 12). Each experimental group performed push-up plus exercise. All volunteers received a total of 18 exercise session over a 6 week period (three times per week). Exercise program was composed of serratus anterior and upper trapezius push-up plus exercise. Then we measured muscle activation of scapular stabilizer by electromyography. Repeated ANOVA was used to examine the effects of the intervention on each outcome measure. Result : After the six week intervention, there was a significant difference between the pre and 6 week in serratus anterior and upper trapezius muscle activity(p<0.05). After the six week intervention, there was a significant difference among the three group in serratus anterior muscle activity but no significant difference in upper trapezius muscle activity(p>.05). Conclusion : Serratus anterior and upper trapezius showed high muscle activity during push-up plus exercise. Therefore have a positive impact of scapular stabilizer. The larger the area of the unstable support surface, the larger muscle activity was larger of variation quantity.
Comparative Analysis of the Ethical Values of Physical Therapy: Focused on Physical Therapists and Physical Therapy Students
Ahn, Chungjoa ; Kim, Myungchul ; Lee, Minsoo ; Kim, Seungkyun ;
Journal of The Korean Society of Integrative Medicine, volume 4, issue 2, 2016, Pages 37~51
DOI : 10.15268/ksim.2016.4.2.037
Purpose: This research was to discover the value of ethics of physical therapy students and physical therapists. This study was launched to provide the bedrock for this field of study by means of getting the data about the current address of value of ethics. Methods: This investigation was conducted with 900 students from seven different universities in Republic of Korea (3, 4-year colleges) and with 350 clinical physical therapists who are currently working in the national capital region. The tool for the research was to revamp and supplement ethics codes in Korean Physical Therapy Association and a set of questions of Jeom Hui Youk (1992), Young Ran Choi (2001), etcetera and each question was provided with different points by the set of measurement we created. The collected data were analyzed by using SPSS 21.0 statistical program. Results: Comparing the average ethics score both on the general information of both groups and the value of ethics of both groups, we were sure to say that the average ethics score of ethics value was significantly more meaningful than that of general information. Conclusion: Physical therapy students establish a correct ethics values and physical therapists should have training in ethic values education are combined accordingly to correct the wrong ethically values and clearly established.
The Effect of Elastic-band and Stretching Exercise Program on Muscular Strength and Exercise Performance Ability of College Students
Lee, Hyojeong ; Park, Sujeong ; Shin, Heemun ; Lee, Daun ; Lee, Jungah ; Jeong, Uigyeong ;
Journal of The Korean Society of Integrative Medicine, volume 4, issue 2, 2016, Pages 53~65
DOI : 10.15268/ksim.2016.4.2.053
Purpose : The purpose of this study was to evaluate the effectiveness and analyse the change on muscular strength and exercise performance ability of university students participating in leisure sports by elastic-band exercise program. Method : The subjects(N=22) participating in leisure sports are recruited from K university located in Chungbuk. The subjects which are divided to 2 groups as experimental group(N=11) conducted elastic-band exercise program and control group(N=11) conducted stretching program. The muscular strength and exercise performance ability were measured before and after intervention. Result : There were no significant differences(p>.05) in sex, age, height, and weight among subjects. In the measurement of muscular strength, a significant difference(p<.05) was observed in each group, and there was also significant difference(p<.05) between two groups except gastrocnemius(p>.05). A significant difference(p<.05) in muscular volume was observed in each group, and there was also significant difference(p<.05) between two groups apart from gastrocnemius(p>.05). In exercise performance ability, there was significant difference(p<.05) in sergent jump and side-step in each group, and there was a significant difference(p<.05) between two groups in sergent jump, but there was no significant difference(p>0.5) in side-step. Conclusion : Based on this study, through a variety of age and various intervention period to apply more subjects conducting elastic-band exercise program should continue.
The Effects of a Regular Walking Program on Body Composition, Functional Fitness, and Anxiety and Depression in Elderly Women
Lee, Samcheol ;
Journal of The Korean Society of Integrative Medicine, volume 4, issue 2, 2016, Pages 67~76
DOI : 10.15268/ksim.2016.4.2.067
Purpose : The purpose of this study was to compare the effects of a 5 week walking program on body composition and functional fitness, as well as its effects on anxiety and depression in elderly women by regular walking exercise(RWE), which helps to provide proper treatment program to them. Method : The 32 subjects who had a regular walking exercise in this research and randomly assigned into two groups, a walking group and a control group. 15 subjects in the experimental group who had RWE. The 17 subjects in the control group who did not have walking exercise. The members of exercise group had walking 50 minutes a day, three times a week, for 5 weeks in same conditions. Results : After RWE, The participants showed lower body weight, body fat mass, % fat, BMI, wast-hip ratio in the walking program. Muscle mass and basic metabolic rate significantly increased after completing the walking program. The health-related physical fitness of the walking group, flexibility and static balance ability were significantly increased. elderly women taking RWE showed significant decreases in the anxiety and depression levels. Conclusion : Findings of this study indicated that A RWE program had favorable effect on body composition, functional fitness, and depression and anxiety in elderly women. Future research needs to target various elderly women groups of a long period.
The Effect of Hand Function Build-up Training on Dexterity and Grasp Strength of Hand
Jang, Chel ; Park, Sungho ; Kim, kyunghee ; Kim, minje ; Lee, jeyoung ;
Journal of The Korean Society of Integrative Medicine, volume 4, issue 2, 2016, Pages 77~88
DOI : 10.15268/ksim.2016.4.2.077
Purpose : The purpose of this study was to explore an effect exerted to non-affected hand and affected hand of patients by performing training of chopsticks and grasp strength that are helpful to dexterity and grasp strength of hand together with training method of joint exercise, muscle strength build-up training, delicate hand function training. Method : By targeting 30 normal adult male/females engaged in K university, Busan for one month on April, 2015, 10 persons of hand function build-up training group, that of dexterity training group and 10 persons of control group were randomly selected. For hand function build-up training group, chopsticks training in parallel with total 20 times of grasp strength training for 4 weeks including 5 minutes of dominant hand grasp strength training, 5 minutes of non-dominant hand grasp strength training, 15 minutes of chopsticks training was performed based on 25 minutes/one time, 5 times a week. Result : First, In a comparison of dexterity of both hands by each group depending on training period, hand function build-up group and dexterity training group were represented to be effective compared with control group. Secondly, In a comparison of manipulatory ability of both hands by each group depending on training period, hand function build-up group and dexterity training group were represented to be effective compared with control group. Conclusion : It is considered that diversified and broad research covering patients with musculoskeletal disease and nervous system-related disease would be performed by securing far more test subjects after comparing a correlation between dexterity training and hand function training.
Reliability Study of Hip Range of Motion Measurement by Smartphone Inclinometer
Yang, Hoesong ; Jeong, Chanjoo ; Yoo, Youngdae ; Bae, Seahyun ;
Journal of The Korean Society of Integrative Medicine, volume 4, issue 2, 2016, Pages 89~96
DOI : 10.15268/ksim.2016.4.2.089
Purpose : The purpose of this study was to evaluate inter-tester reliability and Intra-tester reliability about range of motion(ROM) measurement of hip joint with smartphone inclinometer. Method : Six observers performed goniometric and smartphone inclinometer measurements of various hip movements, including both active ROM for flexion, extension, external rotation, internal rotation. Measurements were performed in the right hip of fifty normal subjects. All measures were performed three times for evaluating reliability of observer. Inter- and intra-observer reliabilities were evaluated using the intraclass correlation coefficient(ICC). Result : The results were as follows, inter-observer reliability ICC value showed .948-.974 in smartphone inclinometer. And showed .781-.827 in goniometer. Intra-observer reliability ICC value showed .653-.992 in smartphone inclinometer. And showed .613-.854 in goniometer. Conclusion : Smartphone inclinometer are portable and widely available tools that are mostly reliable and valid for assessing active hip range of motion, with potential use when a goniometer is not available.
Risk Factors for Cardiovascular Disease in Adults Aged 30 Years and Older
Bae, Yeonhee ; Lee, Kowoon ;
Journal of The Korean Society of Integrative Medicine, volume 4, issue 2, 2016, Pages 97~107
DOI : 10.15268/ksim.2016.4.2.097
Purpose : Cardiovascular disease is major factor of mortality in worldwide. Previous studies shown that the socioeconomic factors, nutrition factors, health behavior factors, biological factors and co-morbidity are increasing a prevalence of cardiovascular disease. Method : This study examined the risk factors for cardiovascular disease among adults aged 30 years and older using the data from the 2012 to 2014 Korean National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (KNHANES). The study participants were 7,555 Cardiovascular disease includes hypertension, stroke, angina pactoris, and myocardial infarction. Descriptive statistic and multivariates logistic regression were calculated. Result : The overall prevalence of cardiovascular disease was 31.16% in the participants. Cardiovascular disease was significantly associated with gender, age, income, education, marital status as socioeconomic factors in unadjusted model. After adjusting socioeconomic status variables, past smoker (OR 1.27, 95% CI 1.05-1.55), obesity (OR 7.14, 95% CI 4.21-12.11), skipping a meal (OR 2.79, 95% CI 2.46-3.16), HDL-C (OR 0.99, 95% CI 0.98-0.99) and WC (OR 1.06, 95% CI 1.05-1.07) were associated with cardiovascular disease. Conclusion : The results marked the importance of finding high risk groups and an early management of cardiovascular disease.
The Effects of Food and Nutrition Information in Mass Media on Adolescents' Dietary Behaviors
Yoon, Soongyi ; Yoo, Hyesook ;
Journal of The Korean Society of Integrative Medicine, volume 4, issue 2, 2016, Pages 109~120
DOI : 10.15268/ksim.2016.4.2.109
Purpose : This study surveyed the relationship between the dietetic behaviors of high school students and nutrition information available from mass media thereby suggesting the way of improving the dietetic health promotion of adolescents. Method : This study surveyed coeducational high school students in S region. 220 questionnaires have been collected and analyzed, which is statistically significant as in other previous studies. The survey lasted for one month, March 14 through April 14 in 2016. The statistical analysis was performed by using the windows version 21.0 of SPSS. Primarily, the frequency analysis and descriptive statistics was carried out on the general information, the usage and confidence of mass media, and the diabetic behaviors of respondents. t-Test and One-way ANOVA were adopted to clarity the mass media usage and diabetic behaviors of respondents for general characteristics. Result : The statistical analysis on the diet usage of mass media among high school students shows that famous restaurants(Response rate 51%) and diet control(20%) are highly evaluated, but disease prevention(15%) is low. Regarding the dietetic information acquisition, the mass media including TV, radio, and Internet appear as main information carriages (p<.001). The confidence in mass media are analyzed in the relation with 10 dietetic behaviors, and 4 items(meal amount: p<.011, vegetable intake: p<.005, protein intake: p<.003) are inversely related to the mass media, which means regular intake party is less dependent of the exterior information. The seaweed(p<.017) intake is statistically significant in confidence level. Conclusion : To increase the interest and the health promotion of students, the dietetic information need to be offered in mass media and education course.