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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
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Journal of Digital Convergence
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
The Society of Digital Policy and Management
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Volume & Issues
Volume 11, Issue 12 - Dec 2013
Volume 11, Issue 11 - Nov 2013
Volume 11, Issue 10 - Oct 2013
Volume 11, Issue 9 - Sep 2013
Volume 11, Issue 8 - Aug 2013
Volume 11, Issue 7 - Jul 2013
Volume 11, Issue 6 - Jun 2013
Volume 11, Issue 5 - May 2013
Volume 11, Issue 4 - Apr 2013
Volume 11, Issue 3 - Mar 2013
Volume 11, Issue 2 - Feb 2013
Volume 11, Issue 1 - Jan 2013
Selecting the target year
A Study of the Factors influencing on Client's Violence in a Shelter for Teenage Runaway
Yoon, Suk Ja ; Kim, Hee Jeong ;
Journal of Digital Convergence, volume 11, issue 1, 2013, Pages 1~11
This study attempt to explore how much characteristics of personal and institutional of staffs in shelter for teenage runaway influence to client's violence, and which factor of them are relative to client's violence. For this aims, we carried out a survey, survey subjects in shelter for teenage runaway participated in this research. T-test and variance analysis attempted to compare degree of violence experience of respondents by personal and institutional characteristics. According to result of analysis, age in the midst of personal characteristics is meaning difference and duty-time and type of shelter in the midst of institutional characteristics revealed meaning difference. Next, Multi-regression analysis tried to explore relative factor influencing on client's violence. The results, age in the midst of personal characteristics is relative with physical violence, duty-year in present institution is relative with etc harm. Also, duty-time per week of institutional characteristics is relative all with four type of violence. Type of shelter is relative with property harm, emotional violence and etc harm. Counseling time during duty is relative with physical violence. Above results provide basic data to find ways preventing client's violence to staffs in shelter for teenage runaway.
The study of U.K.'s FSMA on the insolvency of financial institutions and implications in South Korea
Chang, Pyoung-Hoon ; Kim, Shin-Wook ;
Journal of Digital Convergence, volume 11, issue 1, 2013, Pages 13~25
After studying FSMA 24, We found that the insolvency rule of financial institutions in FSMA consists of eight provisions: 1) voluntary arrangement, 2) administration order, 3) receiverships, 4) voluntary winding up, 5) winding up by the court, 6) bankruptcy, 7) provisions against debt avoidance, and 8) supplemental provisions in insurance cases. Insolvency provisions in FSMA explain powers and accountabilities of FSA in relation to these insolvency proceedings. Although there are some differences in proceedings, provisions entitle FSA the same status as creditors to petition the court, with a right to participate in related meetings and to be notified of any matters involving insolvency proceedings. The differences and implications between U.K.'s FSMA and Korean regulations are related to the insolvency rule of financial institutions. First, in FSMA, FSA has a comprehensive power to manage insolvency proceedings of financial institutions in a centralized way. However, Korean regulations have special laws to regulate insolvency in a decentralized way. The offices executing those laws are the Financial Services Committee, the Financial Supervisory Service, and the Financial Deposit Insurance Corporation. This characteristic results from an accelerated legislation procedures related to financial reform in 1997 Korean financial crisis. Second, FSA contains special provisions on continuation of contracts of long-term insurance considering the characteristics of insurance industry related to insolvency of financial institution. However, Korean insolvency rules applied to financial institutions do not consider industrial differences and the characteristics of financial contracts, so need to be supplemented in the future.
The Effect of Characteristics of Information Security Policy on Security Policy Compliance Intention of Employees
Yim, Myung-Seong ;
Journal of Digital Convergence, volume 11, issue 1, 2013, Pages 27~38
There are two elements of security policy that can have a bearing on its effectiveness: content and form. While the content of the security policy has been investigated extensively in the most of the previous studies, there is very little literature on the form of the security policy. Since the form of the policy influences its success, it is important to understand how to articulate the form of a security policy. Thus, the aim of this study is to investigate the relationship between security form and policy compliance of employees. Research results find that dimensions of security form have effect on attitude towards security compliance, subjective norm, perceived behavioral control, and perceived response costs, and besides attitude towards security compliance and subjective norm have an effect on persistent security compliance intention. The conclusions and implications are discussed.
A Study on the Policy for Disaster Recovery of Company
Kim, JaeKyeong ; Jeong, Yoon-Su ; Oh, ChungShick ; Kim, JaeSung ;
Journal of Digital Convergence, volume 11, issue 1, 2013, Pages 39~45
Recently, the rate of dependence on information system in company is increase through domestic and international trends with the cases of developed similar institutions. In this paper, we analysis current state of company that protect company information resources from disaster, rapid and systematic recovery and business continuity strategic planning. Especially, proposed model was designed. disaster emergency response capacity to enhance disaster preparedness simulation training for standardized measures were established and maintained. In addition, operational continuity, building on the methodology to meet the international standard methodology is presented.
An Study on the Effects of ISMS Certification and the Performance of Small and Medium Enterprises
Kim, In Kwan ; Park, Jaemin ; Jeon, Joong Yang ;
Journal of Digital Convergence, volume 11, issue 1, 2013, Pages 47~60
This paper focuses on the role of international standards related to industrial technology and to analyze determinants to affect ISMS and its performance. Particularly its financial and operational performance were measured by survey aiming at an influence of certification and its performances. The variables explaining the performance were drawn out from factor analysis and then critical variables to affect performance were discovered by ANOVA and regression analysis. As a result of the analysis considering heteroscedastic and factor analysis, type of business and firm size were not significantly related to the performance but the existence of information security unit, investment in information security and the status of security consciousness in executives and employees were positively related. As a result, this study shows that security certification should be implemented with suitable capabilities and the investments to protect from leaking industrial technology and proved the importance of the security certification as an infrastructures and system.
A study of current export situation and SMEs' vitalization plan suitable for Digital age
Lee, Ok-Dong ;
Journal of Digital Convergence, volume 11, issue 1, 2013, Pages 61~74
In digital age export expansion is the key fact of promoting Korea's economic growth. The policy that encourages exportation is being more emphasized to develop of the nation's economy. From the 90's, regionalism has been widespread throughout the world with globalization and internationalization led by WTO and FTA. The world is now becoming one economic bloc. It is necessary to understand how enterprises contribute to the exportation to establish and manage the policy that encourage and support the exportation. This study estimates SME's level of contribution on gross exports and understands the problem, while looking for better statistical alternatives and finding SME's export energizing policies. It is estimated that domestic SMEs contribute about 40-50% of gross exports. SME bureau and national statistical office should select optimal size of population of each industry, design and extract sample to conduct the export related survey extensively. SMEs should analyze the product and skills of the industry that is dominated by major companies to contribute to the exportation more efficiently. This effort will increase the level of contribution to gross exports in general.
A Study on Indirect Exportation vitalization Focused on Digital Related SMEs
Choi, Jeong-Il ;
Journal of Digital Convergence, volume 11, issue 1, 2013, Pages 75~88
This is the time that political effort is required to encourage domestic companies to expand overseas facing internationalization. Regarding exportation, not only major companies, but SMEs also should be greatly concerned. As for the case of SMEs, it has been thought to be as inferior brand image in domestic market, but as world market such as China is very huge and diverse. There is high possibility of increasing in export of SMEs with concerns. To strengthen the competitiveness and develop the potential of SMEs, promoting renovation of system is a must, over the renovation of skill or management. It is important to figure out the degree of contribution and route for exports, since every company has different aspects. Therefore, the purpose of this study is to calculate the degree of contribution of Korean SMEs, and to find further improvements by understanding export route. It also tries to suggest proper policies to vitalize SME's export.
Comparison on Predictive Model of Intention to Use Smartphones through iPhone User: Centered on TAM, TPB & Integrated Model
Joo, Jihyuk ;
Journal of Digital Convergence, volume 11, issue 1, 2013, Pages 89~97
After introducing iPhone in Korea, the craze for iPhone was perceived to be extraordinaire phenomenon and the mobile businesses and researchers paid attention to it. This research purposes to explore more predictive model that explain to adopt the smartphones in Korea. This research show that all of models, TPB, TAM and the integrated model, are significant to explain intention to use the smartphones. TPB explains the higher than TAM, and the integrated model explains the slightly higher than TPB. These results suggest that researcher explore and build the more predictive model that comprise social influences and personal attributes than TAM that is employed broad to study new information communication systems and devices.
A Study on the Measurement Method of Personal Information Protection Investment Performance
Kim, Young-Il ; Lee, Jae-Hoon ;
Journal of Digital Convergence, volume 11, issue 1, 2013, Pages 99~106
Personal information protection has become one of the most impending business issues because leakage of personal information can cause tremendous financial losses and image degradation. Consequently, personal information protection initiatives have been recognized widely in business. To invigorate personal information protection investments, performance measurement method such as cost benefits analysis or qualitative analyses are needed, which have not been studied enough in the previous studies. This study proposes a performance measurement model which can include quantitative and qualitative analyses in the context of personal information protection investments. A comparative analysis has been performed on security investment and IT investment performance measurements, which leads to choose the WiBe method (developed by the German Interior Ministry), considering the privacy characteristics and the method's applicability. In particular, the quantitative effect measured how proactive threat assessment based on the way according to the nature of the businesses and organizations of privacy and possible investment decisions. This study proposes the 16 performance indicators, which turn out to be meaningful in terms of their materiality and feasibility by conducting focus group interviews of 25 experts on personal information protection.
Understanding the Factors that influence Website Retention and Privacy Unconcern After the Disclosure of Privacy Information
Yim, Myung-Seong ;
Journal of Digital Convergence, volume 11, issue 1, 2013, Pages 107~119
The purpose of this study is to find an answer why internet users are unconcern about their privacy information. We found that perceived privacy risk and website usability have a significant effect on privacy unconcern. That is, individuals who have experiences privacy incidents are more likely to be unconcern about their privacy information. Accordingly, organizations who supply services on the web have to pay more attention to these individuals to increase a privacy concern. Implications and Conclusions are discussed.
A Multiple Criteria Decision-making Model to Select an Optimal Tomato Export Farm
Seo, Kwang-Kyu ; Kim, Young Shik ;
Journal of Digital Convergence, volume 11, issue 1, 2013, Pages 121~127
As the worldwide trade of agricultural products became liberalized with the establishment of WTO and FTA, relatively cheaper agricultural products have influenced the Korean domestic market substantially. Fortunately, foreign countries have soften their restrictions on Korean agricultural exports, providing Korean farmers with more opportunities to advance into the world market. This study aims to propose a multiple-criteria decision-making model for selecting an optimal tomato export farm, as the part of an effort to vitalize exports of domestic agricultural products amid the competitive agricultural market worldwide. For this purpose, we are suggesting a 2-step decision-making model which consists of a simple hierarchy decision model that preliminary selects tomato export farms and a detailed hierarchy decision model that chooses the final and optimal tomato export farm. We applied the analytic hierarchy process (AHP) to determine the relative importance of the used evaluation factors and to choose the tomato export farms with most potential. Eventually, the systematic and efficient decision-making model proposed in this paper can be applied to determine the optimal export farms for crops other than tomato, and thus it can encourage the competitiveness of Korean agricultural exports.
A Study on the Factors Affecting Satisfaction of Smartphone Users
Lim, Soon-Taik ; Lee, Dong-Gun ; Lee, Sang-Joon ;
Journal of Digital Convergence, volume 11, issue 1, 2013, Pages 129~138
As the use of smartphones becomes widespread, the negative aspects of smartphone are under controversy. The cutting-edge technologies, such as smartphone, lead to technostress, and the digital addiction causes a social problem, where users cannot properly work without smartphone in their hands, causing anxiety or embarrassment to them. The digital detox intended to solve such digital addiction and the technostress caused by cutting-edge technologies are currently under controversy. This paper investigated the negative factors from smartphone as internal factors affecting the use of smartphone and found their relationship. In this study, a theoretical study model was presented on the satisfaction of smartphone users, in which technostress was selected as an independent variable affecting the satisfaction of smartphone users and user satisfaction as an dependent variable, and digital detox, perceived usefulness and flow were set as parameters. This paper, investigated the effects of technostress and digital detox on the satisfaction of smartphone users with questionnaires data.
A Comparison Study on Satisfied Customer Reclassification Methods for Customer Satisfaction Management
Song, Ki-Jeong ; Seo, Kwang-Kyu ;
Journal of Digital Convergence, volume 11, issue 1, 2013, Pages 139~144
This paper is an exploratory study to improve customer satisfaction survey for resolving practical problems. It is natural phenomenon that, as the level of customer satisfaction index increases, the ratio of satisfied customers increases too. However, the effectiveness of practical application of customer satisfaction survey for improvement of customer satisfaction decreases due to its structural limitation on its data analysis system. In order to cope with these problems, we compares the three satisfied customer reclassification methods such as attribute complex scores, satisfaction/dissatisfaction dimension and latent class analysis models. The case study results show that satisfied customer reclassification methods have merits and demerits and are expected to play the role as the groundwork for the revitalization of customer satisfaction survey as well as improving customer satisfaction management.
The Study of Online Piracy Protection -Focusing on Punishment and Moral Obligation-
Park, Joo Yeon ;
Journal of Digital Convergence, volume 11, issue 1, 2013, Pages 145~151
As the Internet is widely used worldwide, digital asset on the internet becomes to be critical to protect from illegal copying and piracy which is an unlawful action that download or upload copyrighted materials from the Internet without having a right to use them from the copyright owners. Such an illegal and unethical behavior are pervading and becoming a big concern in many industries and business sectors over the world. This study examines the effect of the user's perception for piracy regulation and moral obligation on online piracy intention. Therefore, the purpose of this study is to see the different effect of regulation and moral obligation on piracy attitude and intention so as to suggest an effective method of piracy protection and to bring an attention on moral and ethical education for online piracy. The result of this study showed both punishment and moral obligation toward online piracy are significantly associated with users' attitude on piracy, indicating that higher level of punishment severity as well as moral obligation lead to decrease piracy attitude. This research also revealed that the level of users' moral obligation has a stronger relationship with piracy attitude than punishment.
Mobile Shopping Motives and Fashion Application Acceptance
Lee, Mi-Jin ; Lee, Kyu-Hye ;
Journal of Digital Convergence, volume 11, issue 1, 2013, Pages 153~163
The application demand has been rapidly increasing along the growth of smart devices. Companies actively use the application as marketing tools. In particular, fashion businesses expect the improvement of customer loyalty and brand image by using the applications as the communication channel with consumers. This paper investigated the relationship between mobile shopping motives and mobile shopping acceptance. Influence of such variables on perceived importance of various fashion application attributes was also accessed. Data from male and female respondents were analyzed for the empirical study. Results indicated that mobile shopping motives were classified into convenience, ubiquity, impulsiveness and economic motives. Fashion application attribute was classified into contents, continuous management, design/visibility, downloading and community. Mobile shopping motives had significant correlation with fashion application acceptance. Shopping motives and fashion application acceptance had significant impacts on perceived importance of various fashion application attributes.
A Study on the Implementation of Mobile Website Using HTML5
Nam, Chi-Hyuk ; Seo, Chang-Gab ;
Journal of Digital Convergence, volume 11, issue 1, 2013, Pages 165~172
Website creations and their renewal process are very difficult due to ever-changing mobile environments such as various operating systems and mobile devices. In this regard, HTML5 serves as the solution and guideline to developing well-functioning websites. Mobile websites using HTML5 can provide consistent contents and services even though users access them through various OS or device types. This paper examines a possibility of the HTML5-based website for a local private college located in Busan. For this, location-based map service and semantic auto dialing webform service have been implemented. After making the website available, students and staff members were satisfied with the improvement in the speed of loading time and error free contents service. In the future, the rest of HTML5 functionalities are planned to be implemented sequentially.
Study on the impact of each family communication type on children's use of media
Lee, Woo-Hyun ; Lim, Shang-Ho ;
Journal of Digital Convergence, volume 11, issue 1, 2013, Pages 173~179
For this study, we conducted a survey targeting elementary school students to examine how the type of family communication shows differences in the children's use of media to draw up effective measures to use media. The result of study is that meaningful differences showed according to the time spent watching TV(F=6.719, p<.05) and using PC(F=7.713, p<.05) or cell phone(F=6.404, p<.05). The authoritative type pursuing obedience preferred entertainment programs and spent much time watching TV and preferred entertainment games when using a PC. The deliberating type pursuing conversations preferred educational and informative programs when watching TV and informative programs when using a PC. This study is meaningful in that it presents lessons learned to draw up measures for children to effectively use media based on the study results.
Analysis Framework of Public Library as Knowledge Center
Namn, Su Hyeon ;
Journal of Digital Convergence, volume 11, issue 1, 2013, Pages 181~190
The recent advance of information and communication technologies has made the identity of public libraries ambiguous. Few literatures have dealt with a local community public library from knowledge creation perspective. In this article we extend the applicability of the concepts such as knowledge management and knowledge city to local public libraries whose major role needs to change from the traditional book rental to knowledge and social capital creating entity. Based on the concepts, we propose a framework for analyzing the public library as a center of knowledge creation. Using the framework, we analyze the Ridgewood Public Library in New Jersey to test the validity of the framework.
Smart Work: Blurring Work/Nonwork Boundaries and its Consequences
Oh, Sangjo ; Kim, Yong-Young ; Lee, Heejin ;
Journal of Digital Convergence, volume 11, issue 1, 2013, Pages 191~198
The interests in alternative office systems and solutions (called smart work in Korea) are growing. With the lens of boundary theory, this paper tries to understand the nature of work/nonwork boundaries which smart work will be expected to blur. Boundary theory provides permeability, boundary strength, and interference as its key concepts and an empirical study is performed about the individual perception on those concepts. The result of the survey from telecommuters and/or smart work center users at the Company K shows that they perceive work/nonwork permeability, boundary strength, and interference are asymmetric. The result suggests that asymmetric nature of the work/nonwork boundaries should be taken into account when alternative office systems are brought into use.
An Empirical Study on Factors Influencing a Consumer's Switching Behavioral Intention in the Internet Shopping Mall Environment
Kim, Jong Uk ; Park, Seong-Taek ;
Journal of Digital Convergence, volume 11, issue 1, 2013, Pages 199~209
This study empirically investigates how the switching barriers influence the consumer's perceived intention to change his or her current favorite internet shopping mall. Drawing from switching cost theory, variables pertaining to trust, shopping mall service quality, product price, web page quality, switching barriers were examined to examine the consumer's behavioral intention to switch to another shopping mall. The interaction effect of consumer involvement was also included in the research model. The results of the study report that customer satisfaction and switching cost influence shopping switching intention, while the effect of attractiveness of the shopping mall was not significant in the statistical analysis. Furthermore, a moderating effect of consumer involvement was not found significant in the PLS analysis. The study demonstrates the shopping mall owners try to increase the customer's overall satisfaction and raise the switching barrier by providing mileage advantages, for instance.
Development of Infrared-Ray Communication System for Position Recognition of Yard Tractor in Container Terminal
Hong, Dong-Hee ; Kim, Chang-Gon ;
Journal of Digital Convergence, volume 11, issue 1, 2013, Pages 211~223
In Korea, the location of yard tractors is figured out in real time by using RFID system in container terminals. However, even though the location recognition of RFID system works fine when transfer crane is in yard operation, there are some problems when container crane is in ship operation. That is because yard tractors come one by one to each transfer crane in an order, but yard tractors come in 4 lanes to the container crane, which makes the system impossible to recognize each yard tractor separately. Therefore, we developed the infrared-ray communication system which can recognize yard tractors accurately in not only in the yard operation of transfer crane but also in the ship operation of container crane in same way in this study. The result in this study showed constant number of recognition, and the range of recognition measures 5.7m in 25m distance. The range of recognition shown in this study is enough to recognize each yard tractor passing under container crane separately.
Design of Multi-Purpose Preprocessor for Keyword Spotting and Continuous Language Support in Korean
Kim, Dong-Heon ; Lee, Sang-Joon ;
Journal of Digital Convergence, volume 11, issue 1, 2013, Pages 225~236
The voice recognition has been made continuously. Now, this technology could support even natural language beyond recognition of isolated words. Interests for the voice recognition was boosting after the Siri, I-phone based voice recognition software, was presented in 2010. There are some occasions implemented voice enabled services using Korean voice recognition softwares, but their accuracy isn't accurate enough, because of background noise and lack of control on voice related features. In this paper, we propose a sort of multi-purpose preprocessor to improve this situation. This supports Keyword spotting in the continuous speech in addition to noise filtering function. This should be independent of any voice recognition software and it can extend its functionality to support continuous speech by additionally identifying the pre-predicate and the post-predicate in relative to the spotted keyword. We get validation about noise filter effectiveness, keyword recognition rate, continuous speech recognition rate by experiments.
Design of User Privacy Model for Strong Reliability in SNS Environment
Jeong, Yoon-Su ; Kim, Yong-Tae ;
Journal of Digital Convergence, volume 11, issue 1, 2013, Pages 237~242
SNS is emerging as an academic and social interest, as Facebook and Twitter are developed explosively. But, SNS has a problem of exposing user's privacy because it is originated by exchanging user's personal information and opinion. This paper proposes SNS user privacy protecting model using data separation and false data information instead of blocking which is using to protect user's personal privacy. The proposed model do not let the third party extract precise information after collecting user's context information by adding false information to separated context information. Also, it gets user's agreement beforehand if SNS service provider uses user's information not to be used illegally by the third party.
Foreground Extraction and Depth Map Creation Method based on Analyzing Focus/Defocus for 2D/3D Video Conversion
Han, Hyun-Ho ; Chung, Gye-Dong ; Park, Young-Soo ; Lee, Sang-Hun ;
Journal of Digital Convergence, volume 11, issue 1, 2013, Pages 243~248
In this paper, depth of foreground is analysed by focus and color analysis grouping for 2D/3D video conversion and depth of foreground progressing method is preposed by using focus and motion information. Candidate foreground image is generated by estimated movement of image focus information for extracting foreground from 2D video. Area of foreground is extracted by filling progress using color analysis on hole area of inner object existing candidate foreground image. Depth information is generated by analysing value of focus existing on actual frame for allocating depth at generated foreground area. Depth information is allocated by weighting motion information. Results of previous proposed algorithm is compared with proposed method from this paper for evaluating the quality of generated depth information.
User Recognition based TV Programs Recommendation System in Smart Devices Environment
Park, Soon-Hong ; Kim, Yong-Ho ;
Journal of Digital Convergence, volume 11, issue 1, 2013, Pages 249~254
The number of channels are increased into several hundreds of channels when coming out the digital broadcasting era. In this environment, viewers searching for programs will be very difficult to do. In addition, recent popularization of smart devices are receiving the services that they previously had not been given to. A TV program recommended a system that has been studied as a way to solve these problems. However, most studies have been studied in most web-based research results when applied to broadcast TV for TV program recommendations. In particular, the combination of the current members who watch TV are not considered. In this paper, the environment and TV viewers are considering a combination of the members of the TV program's recommended system proposal. In order to make a group deal successful, we employ the face recognition.
A Study on the Policy Implication on the Addiction of Social Media Service User : Focusing on the Proposal of Korean SNS Addiction Index (KSAI)
Lee, Sang-Ho ;
Journal of Digital Convergence, volume 11, issue 1, 2013, Pages 255~265
This study deals with the policy proposals focusing on the addiction for the rapidly growing social media service (SNS) and its diagnosis. Researcher intends to define the SNS addiction and develops a diagnostic measure, which is a valuable subject. The reason is why the SNS becomes more convenient with prevalence of smart phones and the SNS addiction becomes enough severe to suggest internet addiction policy. Researcher presents the subjects into three parts. Firstly, the SNS addiction variables are derived and validated. Secondly, the path model between the SNS addiction variables is verified and discussed. Thirdly, researcher proposes the diagnostic results and the group comparison. Therefore, the result of this study is that the SNS addiction can be measured by the four elements, which are the failure in stopping the use of the SNS, time tolerance, living disability, withdrawal and anxiety. Researcher verifies the sequential impact of each variable and figures out the SNS addict through the presentation of a realistic measurement for the addiction index and the determination of the level of the addiction. By the above result, the researcher proposes the public relations of the government policy for the sound usage of the SNS and the self management of user. Finally, various proposed in this study will help to prevent juvenile crime, social problems in the future.
A Design and Implementation of Mobile Coupons Management System Based on NFC
Kim, Jong-Min ; Lee, Yun-Seok ; Kim, Eun ; Jung, Min-Soo ;
Journal of Digital Convergence, volume 11, issue 1, 2013, Pages 267~273
Recently, coupons are distributed in various ways such as paper, Internet, and mobile phone, with the development of the information and communications technology. Coupon users benefit from the use of these coupons. For example, they can get a discount for the product that they wanted to buy and can be offered additional services. However, paper and Internet coupons have a risk of loss since users have to cut them out and keep them separately. Mobile coupons also don't provide users with user convenience, because coupon users first look for coupon data from their mobile phone and show it to the counterperson. To solve these problems, this study proposes a NFC-based mobile coupon system under which we can use coupon data only with mobile device access.
Implementation of an Expert System for COTS Fault Diagnosis
Kim, A-Ram ; Roh, Jin-Song ; Rhee, Sang-Yong ;
Journal of Digital Convergence, volume 11, issue 1, 2013, Pages 275~281
This space is for the of your study in English. If simple menu item changes or the addition of check items are necessary on GUI menu of existing test equipments for military facilities that are programmed by using RAD tools such as Visual C++, they should go through complex steps, such as numerous conducting steps, coding, flash design modification, recompiling and distribution. It is cumbersome process and waste much time. Also, on implementing them, it was worried about leaking secrets because a number of military security considerations were included. To solve such as the above problem, we proposed commercial RIA technologies and a COTS fault diagnostic knowledge-based system that implemented by the XML data design technique in this research. The proposed approach solves the problem of existing methods, reduced inspection time, and improved performance, usability, and maintainability.
Development of a 3D Micro-cell Simulator for Radio Wave Propagation Analysis in Indoor Environments
Lim, Joong-Soo ; Son, Dong-Cheul ; Chae, Gyoo-Soo ;
Journal of Digital Convergence, volume 11, issue 1, 2013, Pages 283~288
In this study, we introduce a 3D micro-cell simulator for radio wave propagation analysis in indoor environments. Previous studies treat only the path loss between the transmitter and receiver in 2D geometry. We provide the simulation results of indoor propagation prediction based on various ITU-R Recommendations. Simulation results described here indicate that the low and high frequency bands give quite different characteristics in presented indoor geometry. The propagation loss as a function of distance has two distinct regions. It is similar to that occurring in free space within 5-20m of the transmitter, however, increases significantly as the electromagnetic waves become obstructed by the walls at distances further away in the next region.
Comparison of the activities of daily living and sleep according to the presence depression in the elderly
Jung, Eun-Sook ; Jeon, Mi-Kyung ;
Journal of Digital Convergence, volume 11, issue 1, 2013, Pages 289~297
The destination of this study is a convenience sample of 301 people age 65 and older to use each one elderly welfare center D, M received a structured questionnaire for one-on-one interviews with the subjects to read all the questions and questionnaire was written. The depressed group and the normal group, identify the general characteristics, the ADL, and sleep, and the difference between the two groups, and relative risk were analyzed. The results of the study are as follows: Showed depressed group compared to normal group was the low level of ability to perform daily living, sleep well, not more than the ability to perform daily living, dressing, bowel and bladder management, and complained of the difficulty to perform instrumental activities of daily living ability of grooming, more difficult to appeal to public transportation, shopping. In conclusion, elderly health promotion strategy when you want to take into account whether or not the depression of the elderly will require the development of a variety of education and physical activity programs, and suggest the need for expanded research to determine the effectiveness.
The Effect of Mulberry Leaf Extract on Blood biochemical parameters in White Rats Exposed to 2,3,7,8-tetrachlorodibenzo-p-dioxin (TCDD)
Lee, Yoon-Bok ; Bae, Soo-Jeong ; Lee, Da-Kyung ; Park, Swung-Jae ; Park, Ji-Won ; Kim, Byung-Weon ; Whang, Seok-Yeon ;
Journal of Digital Convergence, volume 11, issue 1, 2013, Pages 299~308
We investigated the effect of mulberry leaf extract (MLE) on blood biochemical parameters of white rats induced TCDD toxicity. Data were analyzed by One-way ANOVA and Post-Hoc Test. The numbers of leukocyte and platelet decreased by TCDD were increased dramatically after treated MLE (p<0.01). The concentration of calcium and magnesium decreased by TT were increased by MLE and shown a statistical significance (p<0.01) but the concentration of phosphorus increased by TT was decreased by MLE. In the test of parameters related to renal function, only the concentration of uric acid in the MLE group was decreased than it in TT group and shown a statistical significance (p<0.01). Also the concentration of blood glucose and the activity of amylase and lipase increased by TT were decreased after treated MLE and shown a statistical significance (p<0.01), and MLE had an control effect for elevating blood glucose. In the test of parameters related to liver function, the acticity of AST, ALT and ALP increased by TT was decreased after treated MLE and shown a statistical significance (p<0.01), and MLE had an improving effect for liver function. In the case of total cholesterol (T,cho), triglyceride( TG), LDL-cholesterol (LDL-C) and HDL-cholesterol (HDL-C) related to lipid metabolism, the amount of T,cho, TG, LDL-C increased by TT were decreased after treated MLE and shown a statistical significance (p<0.01), and MLE had an ability of anti-hyperlipidemia. From these results, we concluded that MLE could mollified TCDD toxicity in white rats exposed to TCDD.
Effect of Chronic Mind-Body Function Decline on Health-Related Activities of Daily Living
Lee, Seong-Ran ;
Journal of Digital Convergence, volume 11, issue 1, 2013, Pages 309~314
This study aimed to identify the effect of chronic mind-body function decline on health-related activities of daily living. Data collection was surveyed using interview and questionnaires by 148 subjects in a general hospital located in Seoul from June 8 to July 13, 2011. The results were as follows: First, based on exercise habit, patient group who do exercise regularly showed in male(26.7%) and female(22.7%), respectively. The risk ratio of it was 0.25 times. On the other hand, control group who do exercise regularly showed in male(42.2%) and female(31.8%), respectively. The risk ratio of it was 0.61 times. Secondly, the risk ratio of social factor in male was 45.18 times(p=.04) while the risk ratio of physical factor in female was 237.1 times(p=.001). In conclusion, to prevent declining of chronic mind-body function, it is necessary to solve stress through sound life rhythm maintenance, immunity enhancing food intake and continuous exercise.
Analysis of anterior and posterior corneal spherical aberration with age in the korean
Song, Yun-Young ; Jung, Mi-A ; Kang, In-San ; Choi, Ji-Young ;
Journal of Digital Convergence, volume 11, issue 1, 2013, Pages 315~320
We have investigated the variation of spherical aberration of the anterior and posterior surface in a Korean sample population with various age between 20 to 71 years old. We used Pentacam (Oculus Inc., Germany) to measure the corneal radius, asphericity, and spherical aberration of 290 patients with normal cornea. There were negative correlation between corneal anterior radius and spherical aberration(r = -0.22, p<0.0001), and, there were negative correlation between corneal posterior radius and spherical aberration(r=-0.27, p < 0.0001). There were positive correlation between anterior asphericity and spherical aberration(r = 0.24, p < 0.0001), however there were negative correlation between posterior asphericity and spherical aberration(r = -0.17, p=0.00288).The average of anterior spherical aberration and posterior spherical aberration was
. The average of spherical aberration was
. There were significant positive correlations between anterior spherical aberration and age(r = 0.227, p<0.0001), and there were positive correlations between posterior aberration and age(r = 0.349, p<0.0001). It is considered that this data can be used as basic information for furture studies for improving the quality of vision of modern human and, through the analysis of the spherical aberration of cornea was to provide a better understanding of the optical part of the Korean's eye.
The Effect of Korean Adult's Mental Health On QOL(Quality Of Life) -The Fifth Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey, 2010
Lee, Ye-Jong ; Choi, Gum-Ju ;
Journal of Digital Convergence, volume 11, issue 1, 2013, Pages 321~327
The purpose of this study is to find out how the adult's mental health in Korea has an impact on the quality of the life. By using '2010 National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey' data, 4,211 people among 20-year-old to 59-year-old adults were enrolled in this study. Frequency and percentage t-test using the SPSS WIN18.0 Multiple regression analysis was conducted and the results of this study are as follows. First, it is showed that in the 20s and 30s the females are a little more sleep than the males regarding the relationship between sleeping hours and the quality of the life of adult men and women. However, there are no differences between the 40s and 50s groups. Second, it is indicated that adult men are higher than women for the subjective health status when it comes to the subjective health status and the usual perceived stress. Although there are no statistical differences according to the gender in the 40s and the 50s, they have a little stress in general. Third, it is confirmed that only the subjective health status and usual stress perception give an beneficial influence on the quality of adult's life in the adult's mental health variations and the quality of life. In summary, this study was found that the adults in the 20s and 50s could increase their satisfaction of their life if they have more positive thinking and less stress from their life. Therefore, the systematical education and programs to manage the health and stress are required.
Subjectivity on Problem Based Learning(PBL) Experience of Freshmen in Nursing students
Park, Ju-Young ; Yang, Nam-Young ;
Journal of Digital Convergence, volume 11, issue 1, 2013, Pages 329~338
Purpose: This study was to identify the types of subjectivity on PBL experience of freshmen in nursing students. Method: This study is exploratory research through Q methodology. From 102 Q populations, we selected 31 Q sorting was done by 25 of P sample. When the Q sorting is completed on nine point scale, we interviewed participants and documented their responses. The data was analyzed by using QUNAL program. Result: The result of the study showed 4 types. Four factors provided an explanation for 71.6% of total variances, and these four factors were analyzed and categorized as four types. We named type 1 as [positive pressure], type 2 as [relational friendly], type 3 as [creative benefit], type 4 as [paticipatory development]. Conclusion: In this study, PBL was valuable experience and recognized as a variety of perspectives for freshmen in nursing students. These findings indicate we suggest that planning of strategy for efficient operation on PBL was reflected above results.
A Study on Networking Effects of Financial Leverage in Middle-Sized Hospitals
Chung, Hee-Tae ; Kim, Kwang-Hwan ; Park, Hwa-Gyu ; Lee, Kyung-Soo ;
Journal of Digital Convergence, volume 11, issue 1, 2013, Pages 339~347
Recently, Korean medium-sized medical organizations require innovative strategies. Network-driven concerns in Korean medical organization have been a front burner issue to enhance economic and managerial efficiencies. Effective network-driven collaboration depends upon effective processes and economics strategies among medical providers group. From this motivation, we studied and provided the systems' theoretical background and networked hospital system structures. The aim of suggested research model in this paper is to overcome demerit of stand-alone medium-sized hospitals and analyze a system dynamics model to measure managerial performances. The developed system dynamics model is to quantify the effects of network strategy based on the historical financial data of real-life hospitals network experiences. The network effects are resulted in efficiencies and effectiveness enhancements in competitiveness through advertisement and effective education system. The simulations of system dynamics results can explain the improvement in financial outcome by joining in the network group. The network effects are shown more effective in dental hospital than other groups. In conclusion, it is expected that network effects have a critical influence of managerial, marketing, and medical collaboration performance for any type of medical hospitals.
The Influences of the Awareness of Patient Safety Culture on Safety Care Activities among Nurse in small-medium Sized General Hospitals
Nam, Mun-Hee ; Lim, Ji-Hye ;
Journal of Digital Convergence, volume 11, issue 1, 2013, Pages 349~359
The study was conducted to identify the perception of patient-safety and the level of safety care activity among nurses in small-medium sized general hospitals. Data were collected at three hospitals among 344 nurses on April 2012 and administered questionnaire regarding the perception of patient-safety and safety-care-activity. Data analyzed by using descriptive statistics, inferential statistics was used to determine comparison, correlation and association (Pearson correlation, t-test, ANOVA, Scheffe test, multiple regression). The results revealed that there were significant differences in the level of perception of patient-safety according to the nurses' career, time of work, and work department in their hospitals. And also there were significant differences in the level of safety-care-activity according to the nurses' age, position, marriage, the nurses' career, time of work in their hospitals. Nurses with higher perceived level of patient-safety performed more safety-care-activities. The findings of the study suggests that in order to improve the nurse's perceived level of patient-safety and safety-careactivities, the hospitals need to establish the policies that support patient-safety, improvement the environmental system, proper working atmosphere to ensure appropriate work time, regulation nurse-patient ratio are also required.
Quantitative, qualitative Evaluation of Diffusion-Weighted MRI using Optimal b-value(s/mm
) for Female Pelvis
Goo, Eun-Hoe ;
Journal of Digital Convergence, volume 11, issue 1, 2013, Pages 361~368
The purpose of this study is to know the clinical usefulness of optimal b-values by quantitative, qualitative evaluation of DW-MRI for lesions of benignity and malignity of female pelvis. The b-values used in DWI were 600, 800, 1000, 1200, 1400(
). Mean SNR and CNR of myoma in b-value 800 were the highest result as
(p=0.028), Mean SNR and CNR of cervical cancer were the highest result as
(p=0.001), Mean ADC value in myoma and cervical cancer in b-value 800 were
(p=0.027). As a qualitative analysis, the delineation and conspicuity were the highest result as
(p=0.015) on b-value 800. DW-MRI is an important method, and the optimal b values is 800
for differentiation between benign and malignant lesions of female pelvis.
An Efficient Management by Analyzing Control Level of Hypertension
Kim, Ji-On ;
Journal of Digital Convergence, volume 11, issue 1, 2013, Pages 369~379
The purpose of this study is to contribute basic data toward the efficient management of Hypertension by comprehensive analysis of several factors which make influences on indicators of Hypertension management. To achieve this, using the data of 2007, 2008 Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey, 2,580 adults aged over 19 who suffered from hypertension have been analyzed comprehensively. The major results can be summarized as follows: First, in regard to the influential factors for awareness and treatment of hypertension, the older the patients were, the poorer their self-rated health status were. And when they had experienced a health examination, the more likely the hypertensive patients were aware of their hypertension and took the treatment for it. Second, as for the influential factors for control of hypertension, those who were older and those who had a health examination were significantly more likely to control their hypertension irrespective of gender. However, regular drinkers fell significantly behind in that aspect. The findings of this study show that systematic hypertension management, focusing on health behavior factors that affect the level of hypertension management, in accordance with the patients' sex and age will provide a more efficient way.
Factors Influencing Health Risk Behaviors of the Chronic Mental Illness in the Community
Gang, Moonhee ;
Journal of Digital Convergence, volume 11, issue 1, 2013, Pages 381~388
The study was done to identify factors influencing the health risk behavior of the chronic mental illness in the community. A cross-sectional study design was used in this study. The sample was 255 chronic mentally ill persons from D city and C province and who agreed to participate in the study. Data were collected on August-september, 2011 and analyzed using the SPSS/WIN 20. Stress event, insight and depression had significant correlations with health risk behavior. Hierarchial regression analysis showed gender (men), diagnosis (schizophrenia), stress event, insight and depression together explained 24% of variance in health risk behavior. Findings of this study allow a comprehensive understanding of health risk behavior of the chronic mentally ill persons in community. It is necessary to integrated health promotion programs designed for this population should focus on these factors for effective behavioral modification.
Study on Effects of Combined Exercise for Fall-related Physical Fitness and Pain Response
Kang, Hyun-Joo ;
Journal of Digital Convergence, volume 11, issue 1, 2013, Pages 389~394
The purpose of this study was to investigate the effects of combined exercise program on fall-related physical fitness and pain response in elderly people. Fall-related physical fitness consisted of the 7 performance test items by Senior Fitness Test Manual. Pain response was measured by visual analog scale (VAS sore: 0=no pain, 10=extremely unsatisfactory). The combined exercise program was performed for about one hour per day, 4 times a week over a period of 10 weeks. As the result of this study, flexibility, agility, and right balance were significantly increased. The various characteristics of pain were considerably improved on pain symptom, leg pain when walking, pain symptom when sitting, and pain symptom in daily living. In conclusion, there has been a substantial improvement in 10 weeks by combined exercise program.
The effect of the leadership of a badminnton club leader and the the facility on participation satisfaction
Hwang, Ho-Young ; Kim, Young-Jin ;
Journal of Digital Convergence, volume 11, issue 1, 2013, Pages 395~403
The purpose of this study is to find out how the leadership of a badminton club leader and the facility are related to the participation satisfaction and have an effect on it. 495 badminton club members in Daejeon took part in this study. According to the analysis, the interrelation between the leadership of a club leader and the participation satisfaction was positive. The interrelation of the badminton facility and the participation satisfaction was the same. While the effect of the leadership was remarkable, the club facility's was not negative but small. Therefore, both the leadership and the facility have an influence on club members. Since the former particularly has an significant effect on the satisfaction, it needs to be concerned.
Mediating Effect of Hope between Stress Coping and Psychological Wellbeing of Women Immigrants
Park, Ji Young ; Lee, Chang Seek ;
Journal of Digital Convergence, volume 11, issue 1, 2013, Pages 405~412
This study was to identify the mediating effect of hope between stress coping and psychological wellbeing of women immigrants. The data for the study were collected from 592 women immigrants in 10 cities and provinces of Korea. First, it was found that the women immigrants used approach coping more than avoidance coping, and the level of hope and positive wellbeing scored above the middle point. Second, approach coping was positively correlated with hope and positive wellbeing, but avoidance coping was positively correlated with negative wellbeing. Third, the mediating effect of hope between approach coping and positive wellbeing was testified. Finally, the mediating effect of hope between approach coping and negative wellbeing was also testified.
A Study on martial arts when Equipped with Weapons, Clothes and Other Accessories
Hwang, Ho-Young ; Choi, Jea-Geun ;
Journal of Digital Convergence, volume 11, issue 1, 2013, Pages 413~421
We, currently settled on the peninsula, have a long history and our ancestors lived over the vast land further to the central Asia and northern China. Normally, our ancestors traded with many countries, but they fought battles when they were on bad terms and many countries emerged and disappeared. In this history, a variety of cultures have been established and the traditional martial arts is a part of those cultures. Our martial arts has been almost severed because of the development of fire weapons in the late Chosun Dynasty, Japan's colonial rule, and 1950-53 Korean War. Fortunately, we can study the traditional martial arts from history books, the records on the martial art books and relics. Muyeadobotongji, the martial art book published in the late Chosun Dynasty, regrets the negligence of martial arts Giyae(arts) after Japanese Invasion of Korea in 1592 and the Manchu war of 1636 and accommodated the martial art skills from Chosun, China and Japan. It is useful for studying martial arts, because it contains detailed description and drawings, clothes and accessories, and the specification of the weapons. However, the problem is the level of Giyae of the martial arts organization and individuals based on Muyeadobotongji vary and some organizations are arguing about the numbers.
A Study on the Development of Intelligent Contents and Interactive Storytelling System
Lee, Eun Ryoung ; Kim, Kio Chung ;
Journal of Digital Convergence, volume 11, issue 1, 2013, Pages 423~430
The development of information technology introduced digital contents and Social Network Services(SNS), and allowed the virtual transaction and communication between users called "the experience knowledge" advanced from "the objective knowledge." This paper will analyze interactive storytelling system creating different types of stories on narrative genre about family history, personal history and so on. Through analysis on narrative interviews, direct observations, documentations and visual records, contents about CEO story, corporate story, family story and especially family history will be categorized into sampleDB and informationDB. Accumulated contents will allow the user to increase the value and usage of the contents through interactive storytelling system by restructuring the contents on family history. This research has developed writing tool data model using different digital contents such as texts, images and pictures to encourage open communications between first generations and third generations in Korea. Furthermore, researched about connected system on interactive storytelling creation device using various genre of family story that has been data based.
The effects of a 24 Weeks of combined exercise programs have on physical configuration, blood components and physical strength for normal and geriatric diseased senior citizens residing in the country side
Kim, Young-Jin ;
Journal of Digital Convergence, volume 11, issue 1, 2013, Pages 431~439
This thesis is to research the before and after changes of physical configurations, blood components and physical strength for normal and geriatric diseased senior citizens at the end of 24 week of combined exercises constructed of aerobic and muscular strength training to create most suitable and effective complex exercise program for geriatric diseased patients. For this experiment 20 normal and 20 geriatric diseased patients in the age of 65 residing in "K" city were selected to carry out the 24 weeks of combined exercises in regularly. The result of the research showed that geriatric patients increased significantly in everything, but normal group showed significant change in only WHR. There was a slight improvement in the blood components for the average participants but it only differed slightly from the diseased participants so there were no major changes reflecting the outcomes from both before and after. After concluding the program both groups displayed positive improvements in stamina but no significant alterations in physical strength., agility, muscle endurance and balance. The positive factors for each groups could be that the norms were able to maintain their health and enhancement in stamina and diseased were able to prevent their condition from worsening. Additionally, over 50 percent of all senior citizens have one or more geriatric diseases but the participation of any physical activity is in the decrease. Henceforth, this is a field that still needs a lot of work and combined exercise programs should be created and followed through so it may enhance in the improvement of health and quality of life as well.
A Framework for Design and Evaluation of Robot Industry Business Model based on Cloud Services in an Aging Society
Jeon, Hangoo ; Seo, Kwang-Kyu ;
Journal of Digital Convergence, volume 11, issue 1, 2013, Pages 441~446
It is expected to change for convergence robotic services according to emergence new communication technologies and cloud computing, etc. Robot industry is evaluated the biggest filed that is possibility to convergence of new IT technology. This paper presents a design framework for robot industry business model on cloud services through the cloud computing and environment of robot industry, features and provide valuable of cloud-based robot service, analysis of customer needs and value chain in the market in an aging society. In addition, we describe the evolution path of the proposed business model in terms of technology development and market. This study is expected to help that cloud and robot services companies when establishing new service model development and marketing strategy.
Research on the space concept of environmental sculpture by Isamu Noguchi
Aeo, Ho-Sun ; Koh, Woong-Kon ;
Journal of Digital Convergence, volume 11, issue 1, 2013, Pages 447~457
Given the our life environment being the original space which surrounding human today's our environment turned in the artificial and dried space because it's focus on planned and made by city's function and efficiency. So Isamu Noguchi is try to express the formative space which can live nature and human, and human and space together just for a bit. And he succeeded to create the new molding formation named the environment and sculpture to deeply get the problem on nature of place and understanding of place for aesthetic satisfaction. So he makes great contribution towards the monument and field of environmental sculpture. So this thesis is for making clear the importance of space for the sculpture and effect on Isamu Noguchi's environmental sculpture by analyzing the various artworks by Isamu Noguchi and studying his space concept and space sensation of his through generating the experiment of space and eclecticism. Noguchi pursed the harmony with the artwork by expending the architectural space to the full, and he focus his energies to left the artwork which with the public in their lives.