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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
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Journal of Digital Convergence
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Journal DOI :
The Society of Digital Policy and Management
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Volume & Issues
Volume 11, Issue 12 - Dec 2013
Volume 11, Issue 11 - Nov 2013
Volume 11, Issue 10 - Oct 2013
Volume 11, Issue 9 - Sep 2013
Volume 11, Issue 8 - Aug 2013
Volume 11, Issue 7 - Jul 2013
Volume 11, Issue 6 - Jun 2013
Volume 11, Issue 5 - May 2013
Volume 11, Issue 4 - Apr 2013
Volume 11, Issue 3 - Mar 2013
Volume 11, Issue 2 - Feb 2013
Volume 11, Issue 1 - Jan 2013
Selecting the target year
Moral Disengagement in Information Security Context: A Study of Antecedents and Outcomes
Yim, Myung-Seong ;
Journal of Digital Convergence, volume 11, issue 11, 2013, Pages 1~13
DOI : 10.14400/JDPM.2013.11.11.1
Every big online security breach seems to end in a big lecture. Thus, although a predominant weakness in properly securing information assets is the individual user within an organization, much of the focus of extant security research is on technical issues. The purpose of this study is to explain why insiders breach security policy by applying the moral disengagement theory. There are no consistent, widely accepted theories or theoretical frameworks in the literatures as to why insiders breach of information security, and therefore no clear, effective guidance on what to do to prevent employees from violating information security policy in organization. To do this, we theorize that moral disengagement may play a mediating role connecting stable individual differences to intention to breach security policy, because of some of the individual differences. We found that policy awareness and perceived punishment have a negatively significant effect on moral disengagement. However, negative affectivity has a positively significant influence on moral disengagement. Furthermore, moral disengagement has a positive effect on intention to breach security policy. Conclusions and implications are discussed.
Development of evaluation system and Importance analysis of U-safe city
Kang, Soon-Bong ; Kwon, Chang-Hee ;
Journal of Digital Convergence, volume 11, issue 11, 2013, Pages 15~27
DOI : 10.14400/JDPM.2013.11.11.15
The purpose of this study is to develop the evaluation system of which the city safety can be realized in the U-City. The evaluation system on "how much safe the present city is" and "how much safe it will be in the future" has been selected and the criticality has also been analyzed. The result of criticality analysis is that the indicator for "how safe the current city is" showed that the disaster prevention and environmental field are important. In the future, the indicator of possibility for the U-safe city should be prepared by the imtegrative operation management system, and on the basis of this, it also showed that the necessary indicator to build the system for keeping the safe city is important. The evaluation system for the U-safe city, hereafter, can be utilized for the city plan, construction, operation, and management utilized by IT in local government.
Consumer protection in e-commerce: the Safety Transaction Service in Korea
Yoo, Soonduck ; Choi, Kwangdon ;
Journal of Digital Convergence, volume 11, issue 11, 2013, Pages 29~36
DOI : 10.14400/JDPM.2013.11.11.29
To accommodate the rapid growth of e-commerce transactions, non-face-to-face transactions, businesses use a wide variety of payment methods. However, many of these payment mediums are not secure as shown by increases in fraudulent transactions. In this paper, we analyze a particular e-commerce transaction medium, the Safety Transaction Service (STS). This system protects consumers through a wide variety of safeguards: safety settlement systems (escrow), consumer damage compensation insurance, payment guarantee, and secure bank settlement. In contrast to the safeguards, we identify the limitations and concerns with the STS and potential legal and political improvements. The plethora of payment methods limits the consumers ability to distinguish between the secured and unsecured transaction services. Regulation and consumer based verification of transaction services are essential to root out dangerously fraudulent systems. We propose the development of specific standards to these systems, in particular the need for consumer confirmation and clear settlement documentation. Only through the active promotion of scrutiny and improvement to STS will consumers be protected in e-commerce.
Evaluation and Facilitation of the Korean Smart Grid Market
Kim, Ji-Hyun ; Lee, Suk-Jun ; Kim, Ki-Yoon ; Jeong, Suk-Jae ;
Journal of Digital Convergence, volume 11, issue 11, 2013, Pages 37~52
DOI : 10.14400/JDPM.2013.11.11.37
Prior to full-scale implementation of smart grid, the Korean government is conducting a smart grid testbed in Jeju island. However, the participants of the ongoing program are skeptical about the success of the expansion of smart grid. The concern rises from various reasons; the limits of the Korean electricity market mainly led by both the government and KEPCO, high stability and reliability of the existing electricity grid, insufficient utilization of renewable energy, and public fear of raised electricity bills. Five key issues in regards to facilitating the Korean smart grid market are extracted and evaluated. The issues are conflict of interest among participants, the effect of introducing real-time pricing, lack of customer participation of demand response, and absence of business models.
A Comparison Study of Korean and Japanese Cloud Service Certification Systems
Seo, Kwang-Kyu ;
Journal of Digital Convergence, volume 11, issue 11, 2013, Pages 53~58
DOI : 10.14400/JDPM.2013.11.11.53
Due to the wide spread of the perception of cloud computing, the usage of cloud computing is increasing globally. Cloud computing is able to converge the various industrial domains based on ICT and it is more and more popular because it has a lot of benefits such as cost savings etc. in global economic recession. However, if cloud computing service is to achieve its potential, it is necessary to clearly understand the critical issues such as service security, performance and availability and so on from the perspectives of the providers and the consumers of the cloud service. In addition, customers focus on how to get and use the safe and reliable cloud service. In order to meet these problems, Korea cloud service certification system and Japanese ASP-SaaS-Cloud certification system were performed in each country. This paper aims at comparing and analyzing between them and describing the difference. Eventually, we propose the improvement strategy of Korea cloud service certification system based on the comparison results between them.
Study on the factors that affect the fluctuations in the price of real estate for a digital economy
Choi, Jeong-Il ; Lee, Ok-Dong ;
Journal of Digital Convergence, volume 11, issue 11, 2013, Pages 59~70
DOI : 10.14400/JDPM.2013.11.11.59
As people invest most of their asset in real estate, there is high interest in changing in housing and real estate prices in the future for a digital economy. Various variables are affecting the housing and real estate market. Among them, four variables : households, productive population, interest rate and index price are chosen and analyzed representatively. This study is aimed to build decision model of apartment prices in Seoul empirically. From the analysis result the stock index is the only variable which is significant statistically to apartments in Seoul. From this study, the households and productive population show the same direction as shown in the previous studies before but not significant statistically. Among the independent variables, the stock index is chosen as a major variable of determinant of Seoul apartment price. From the result of the research, prediction of stock market should be preceded to forecast the movement of housing and real estate market in the future.
An Analysis of Cultural Contents in High School English Textbooks
Ryu, Da-Young ;
Journal of Digital Convergence, volume 11, issue 11, 2013, Pages 71~83
DOI : 10.14400/JDPM.2013.11.11.71
In a EFL situation, most Korean students and teachers are exclusively dependent on English textbooks to acquire the cultural factors of English. Therefore, it is necessary to analyze cultural elements in the English Textbooks. The results of the study are as follows: First, although all of the textbooks contain the culture part at the end of each lesson, it is insufficient for students to build a cultural schema. Second, in the analysis of cultural types, three types of cultures are presented in a similar percentage. Third, the culture elements were analyzed based on the 7th national curriculum revised in 2011. The most dominant is the culture regarding arts and literature. Forth, in nationality analysis, universal culture takes up the largest portion. Therefore, it is required more efforts to improve students' knowledge of the American and English culture.
A Multi-Antenna Mobile Measurement System for DTV Coverage Measurement
Jeong, Young-Seok ; Yang, Hae-Sool ;
Journal of Digital Convergence, volume 11, issue 11, 2013, Pages 85~94
DOI : 10.14400/JDPM.2013.11.11.85
This paper presents a novel mobile measurement system with multi antennas which enable mobile measurement as well as fixed measurement with telescope mast. Proposed system installed 4 omni directional antennas for the space diversity process and one directional log periodic antenna for the simultaneous conventional fixed measurement. Whole antenna systems are connected to the custom DTV channel analyzers with Ethernet networks respectively and processed by the main controller to calculate real time average receive levels. To prove the performance of proposed system, the typical receive models are categorized as 3 area types - open area, building area and house area, and then intensive field tests were performed through mobile and fixed measurement phases. With these measurement data, the relationships between mobile and fixed measurement are analyzed, and the concept of compensation factor is proposed to assume the average receive level of signal. The field test is fulfilled as a co-work with public broadcasters and the proposed system is applied to the intensive coverage measurement projects for metropolitan areas by the korean government agencies.
Analysis of the evolution of the Electronic Times
Weon, Cheol-Rin ; Kim, Sung-Wook ;
Journal of Digital Convergence, volume 11, issue 11, 2013, Pages 95~106
DOI : 10.14400/JDPM.2013.11.11.95
The Electronic Times, starting in 1982 as a weekly newspaper, has become an influential daily newspaper specializing in Information Technology(IT) since the mid 1990s in Korea. Particularly, it has shown significant and impressive financial achievements in the past thirty years since it was established. Also, it has contributed to the development in the field of IT journalism as well as the popularization of Information Technology. The primary purpose of this study is to provide useful lessons and implications to those who are interested in the evolution of The Electronic Times by investigating the financial performance of The Electronic Times and its contributions to the popularization of IT in our society.
Implication of policy on the evaluation and utilization of modern industrial inheritance of Daejeon
Choi, Jang-Nak ; Lee, Sang-Hee ;
Journal of Digital Convergence, volume 11, issue 11, 2013, Pages 107~115
DOI : 10.14400/JDPM.2013.11.11.107
The Old Town of Daejeon has significantly gone down due to population decrease and vacancy of buildings. To resolve these problems, it is necessary to develop revitalization measures with unique features, but it is also important to use historical and cultural resources from a certain point for the regeneration of local community. The Old Town of Daejeon has a number of industrial structures and architectural heritages that give character to the spaces, but most of them are being impoverished without any use although they have universal value. This study examined the standards to evaluate the importance and value of modern industrial heritages as historical resources that contributed to the development of local community and discussed case studies to review the value and use of industrial heritages that laid the foundation of Daejeon's development as a modern city to address the needs for urban regeneration through preservation and use of modern industrial heritages. Also, the limitations of administrative efforts were identified and the solutions were sought to address the needs to gather efforts with local government offices and the private sector. In conclusion, this study suggests an active and open policies to use cultural heritages through the use of modern industrial heritages for the revitalization of local communities based on the study of policies for the communication of urban users and community cultural spaces, preservation of landscapes including industrial heritages, and preservation in connection to social organizations and social companies, and that it is necessary to provide policies followed by efforts, i.e., to arbitrate the owners.
A study on the effect of financial education and retirement attitudes of middle-aged on the recognition of the preparation for their old age
Kang, Shin-Kee ; Cho, Sung Sook ;
Journal of Digital Convergence, volume 11, issue 11, 2013, Pages 117~132
DOI : 10.14400/JDPM.2013.11.11.117
This study shows how financial education for middle-age affects their remaining life (economic, physical, emotional and social) and improves the way of preparing for their old age through 355 questionnaires using SPSS 18.0, factor analysis, t-test and ANOVA program. The results obtained are summarized as follows: Firstly, The importance of financial education has been differently perceived by the age, marital status, income and religion. Secondly, the necessity for early financial education and retirement preparation have been comprehended by analyzing the effects of the financial education on their old life. Thirdly, Attitude for retirement has affirmative effects on the self respect, economic stability and leisure activity.
The effect that social welfare officials' awareness of welfare has on their sense of duty value and duty efficiency
Cho, Eoun-Suk ; Kim, Chong-Tae ;
Journal of Digital Convergence, volume 11, issue 11, 2013, Pages 133~141
DOI : 10.14400/JDPM.2013.11.11.133
The objective of this study is to empirically examine the effect that social welfare officials' awareness of welfare, who play the core role in delivering public welfare service, has on their sense of duty value and duty efficiency. The implications this study suggests are as follows; First, this study has a meaning in that it empirically proved the social welfare officials' awareness level of welfare. Second, this study provided the specific theoretical basis for the approaches and alternatives for the need to improve social welfare officials' awareness of welfare and operate the desirable welfare policy and system, by examining the effect that social welfare officials' awareness of welfare has on their sense of duty value and duty efficiency. Third, we can find the political implication from this study that welfare policy should be established and operated toward the direction of enhancing equalization effect of welfare system, and minimizing free ride or hampering the will to work, if we intend to improve social welfare officials' awareness of welfare. Fourth, this study presented the need to improve the work system of social welfare officials, through the fact that the shorter their work period is, the lower sense of welfare, duty value and duty efficiency they have. Based on the study results above, we suggest the activation of studies on social welfare officials' awareness of welfare, the need to regularly educate social welfare officials about welfare policy, system and value, the need to improve social welfare officials' positive awareness of welfare and their duty performance through deciding welfare policy toward the direction of enhancing social equality and equalization, and the need to improve social welfare officials' work system.
Big data, how to balance privacy and social values
Hwang, Joo-Seong ;
Journal of Digital Convergence, volume 11, issue 11, 2013, Pages 143~153
DOI : 10.14400/JDPM.2013.11.11.143
Big data is expected to bring forth enormous public good as well as economic opportunity. However there is ongoing concern about privacy not only from public authorities but also from private enterprises. Big data is suspected to aggravate the existing privacy battle ground by introducing new types of privacy risks such as privacy risk of behavioral pattern. On the other hand, big data is asserted to become a new way to by-pass tradition behavioral tracking such as cookies, DPIs, finger printing
and etc. For it is not based on a targeted person. This paper is to find out if big data could contribute to catching out behavioral patterns of consumers without threatening or damaging their privacy. The difference between traditional behavioral tracking and big data analysis from the perspective of privacy will be discerned.
Implications For Strategies And Finding Subjects Through Policy Analysis of SMART Education: Characteristics of Policy, Historical Approach, Contents Analysis
Kim, Young Rok ;
Journal of Digital Convergence, volume 11, issue 11, 2013, Pages 155~161
DOI : 10.14400/JDPM.2013.11.11.155
This study investigates the beginning background of the Smart Education Policy. Besides this article suggests the policy task and direction through analysis of politique characteristic of the Smart Education Policy. First of all, the Smart Education Policy belongs with distribution policy. Distribution policy means that the government positively provides goods and services that people in need. Second, the Smart Education Policy has high tangibility and the policy's output appears immediately. Thus, this step required verification of policy output as well as policy impact. Third, the Smart Education Policy is succession policy of historical and contextual homogeneity of educational information comprehensive development plan that has been promoted in our country since 1996. So, Policy implementation must based on this. Fourth, in order to smooth driving of the Smart Education Policy, to keep up with a rapidly changing politique environment, driving of policy need to secure high flexibility.
Improvement Alternatives of the Legal System on the Vocational Education and Training for e-Learning Industry Promotion
Noh, Kyoo-Sung ; Park, Sanghwi ;
Journal of Digital Convergence, volume 11, issue 11, 2013, Pages 163~168
DOI : 10.14400/JDPM.2013.11.11.163
In this study, we investigated the effect of the modification of the system for vocational education and training support in 2009 has on the e-learning industry in South Korea, and diagnosed the problems associated with it. And we proposed on the direction of policy promotion that can contribute to the realization of creative economy by presenting improvement alternatives of the legal system on the vocational education and training that smart learning and creative convergence HRD are included.
Clustering Analysis of Smart Flexible Work Arranagement
Jung, Jin-Taek ; Lee, Yoon-Muk ;
Journal of Digital Convergence, volume 11, issue 11, 2013, Pages 169~175
DOI : 10.14400/JDPM.2013.11.11.169
Smart flexible work has been a topic of considerable interest to researchers, practitioners, and public policy advocates as a tool to help individuals manage work and family roles. In this study, we investigated the types of smart flexible work arrangement and analyzed the organizational units associated with it. We found that the critical success factors of smart flexible work and the specific types of flexibility make a difference in the effects found. And we proposed on the direction of policy promotion that can contribute to the introduction of smart flexible work.
A Policy Community Model for 'Creative Cultural Contents Tourism' Infrastructure : A Case Study on Seongnam City
Kim, Hyeong-Soo ;
Journal of Digital Convergence, volume 11, issue 11, 2013, Pages 177~190
DOI : 10.14400/JDPM.2013.11.11.177
Recently, our society is seeing cultural value in a new light, perceiving it as an element that creates new values added. Reflecting this trend, the local governments in various levels focus on reviving the regional economies by enhancing cultural competencies and developing the culture and tourism industries. This research is conducted to perform the policy project 'administrative support plans to make Seongnam a hub of international culture and tourism,' which was proposed as part of the urban renewal strategy of the city. This study proposes the establishment of 'policy communities' to build the infrastructure for 'creative cultural content tourism' as a plan to accomplish the policy goal pursued by Seongnam. The focuses include what the policy communities are, how they work, and what the local government has to do with them for a successful implementation of proposed policies, by theoretically examining the composition variables of policy communities. In particular, the study concentrates on how to reconstruct the infrastructure for the culture content technology (CT) in the IT-based city and to transform itself into a city of "creative cultural content tourism". If the policy communities are formed under the proposed model in this paper, it is expected that they will become the viable alternatives in the field.
Determinants on the Capital Structure of Small and Medium Sized Enterprises in China
Yang, Zhen Tao ; Park, Hee-Jung ; Kang, Ho-Jung ;
Journal of Digital Convergence, volume 11, issue 11, 2013, Pages 191~196
DOI : 10.14400/JDPM.2013.11.11.191
The proportion of small and medium sized enterprises based on the number of corporations in China is 99%, the number of employees is 80%, and the proportion of GDP is 60%. These facts show that small and medium sized enterprises have an very significant effect on the economic growth of China. However, most of the researches conducted so far have studied large corporations, thus, there are relatively insufficient researches on the determinant of the capital structure of small and medium sized enterprises. Therefore, the purpose of this paper is to confirm the factors that determine the capital structure of small and medium sized enterprises in China. To achieve this purpose, we performed multiple regression method to 45 small and medium sized manufacturing enterprises listed on the Shenzhen Stock Exchange of China. Results of this study are as follows. First, the growth appeared to have a significant positive effect to the debt ratio in 1% significance level. Second, the profitability appeared to have a significant negative effect to debt ratio in 1% significance level. Third, the firm size appeared to have no effect on the debt ratio. Fourth, the secured value and tax shield effect by non-debt appeared to have a weak positive effect on the debt ratio, however these variables showed statistical insignificant.
Difference in Acceptance Level of Smart Work among Tendencies of Personal Leadership Styles
Park, Kiho ; Kim, Yoen-Jeong ;
Journal of Digital Convergence, volume 11, issue 11, 2013, Pages 197~207
DOI : 10.14400/JDPM.2013.11.11.197
Necessity of smart work that can change environment of working in organizations has been emphasized. Lots of organizations, however, wish to do work with smartness through adoption of smart work technologies, those are not sure whether smart work will be successful or not till now. Especially, viewpoints of leaders concerning efficiency and effectiveness of smart work who operate the organizations may be different in many circumstances such as industries, characteristics of work, etc. Therefore, hopefully, this research want to investigate whether differences among leader and non-leader group, tendencies of personal leadership styles in work exit or not by empirical and exploratory approach. Totally, 118 questionnaires had been collected and performed test of mean difference between groups. As a result, some items such as working place, working methods, flexible time and tension of smartwork showed significant differences between level of leadership styles and non-leader and leader groups. And, futhermore, from this research I believe that we can have a few insights for successful smart working environment in organizations.
A study on relational analysis of purchasing items of on-line shopping mall based on social network analysis
Kim, Byoung-Kug ; Jeong, Seok-Bong ; Kwon, Ki-Seok ;
Journal of Digital Convergence, volume 11, issue 11, 2013, Pages 209~217
DOI : 10.14400/JDPM.2013.11.11.209
This study focuses on the analysis of purchased items' relationship occurred by consumers' purchasing behavior observed in on-line shopping mall based on social network analysis. In order to find relational characteristics of each item for establishing marketing strategy, we apply three definitions of centrality in network, which are degree centrality, betweenness centrality, and closeness centrality in the purchased items' network. Thus, the research results provide the criteria for selection of market segmentation variables. Furthermore, the details of case has been introduced to validate the analyzed results in terms of marketing strategy, and supporting evidences are provided accordingly.
The Role of justice and organizational citizenship behaviour in the relation between measurement diversity and managerial performance
Lee, Sang-Wan ; Cho, Yong-Eon ; Lee, Kyu-Sub ;
Journal of Digital Convergence, volume 11, issue 11, 2013, Pages 219~231
DOI : 10.14400/JDPM.2013.11.11.219
Many companies are adopting performance measurement systems(PMS) in order to acquire competitive advantage the promote long-term growth in Coping with the rapidly changing business environment. Prior research has focused on the relation between PMS and organizational performance. However, there is limited empirical research that examines the behavioural consequences of PMS. Further, there is little empirical research that examines whether measurement diversity have direct and/or indirect effects on work performance. As such, I examine how the relation between measurement diversity and managerial performance can be explained by the intervening variables of justice and organizational citizenship behaviour. This study is summarized as follows: this study finds that measurement diversity affect managerial performance indirectly through justice and organizational citizenship behaviour.
Appropriability Mechanism Strategy for Domestic IT Manufacturing Companies
Lee, Seung-Jun ; Park, Seong-Taek ; Kim, Young-Ki ;
Journal of Digital Convergence, volume 11, issue 11, 2013, Pages 233~242
DOI : 10.14400/JDPM.2013.11.11.233
Securing the appropriability strategy of R&D funding for technology innovation is very important because R&D needs a lot of time and money. Appropriability means the environmental factors that govern an innovator's ability to capture profits generated by an innovation. Generally appropriability mechanism has five kinds, including patent, secrecy, lead time advantage, complementary sales & service, complementary manufacturing. In this paper, we surveyed domestic software industry professionals about appropriability mechanism strategy, and presented a result of priority of each factor and difference between previous research and this study, using the pair-wise comparison method. The result of study showed that domestic IT manufacturing companies prefer patent better than other appropriability mechanism.
The Effect of Real Estate Information Systems Quality on System Use and User Satisfaction
Lee, Chan Ho ; Moon, Hong Kook ;
Journal of Digital Convergence, volume 11, issue 11, 2013, Pages 243~249
DOI : 10.14400/JDPM.2013.11.11.243
In our country, the real estate information system is operated by public and private institutions to trade real estate effectively from the 1990s. The purposes of this study is as follows: First, this study is aimed to examine how the system quality, information quality and service quality of the real estate IS is related with the system use and user satisfaction. In addition real estate practitioners and real estate non-practitioners is to investigated how different. Regression and t-test analysis was carried out as statistical analysis and survey data was used. The result is as follows: First, in the real estate non-practitioners group, system quality has significant negative impact on the user satisfaction. Second, information quality has significant impact on the user satisfaction in the real estate non- practitioners group. One limitation of this study is that it is limited to the real estate agents among various groups that use the IS. Thus, in the future studies, the target group should be extended to other various groups and more specific IS among various ones should be studied in a more practical way.
A Study on Service Satisfaction Factor Analysis of an On-line Secondhand Bookstore
An, Ye-Seul ; Seo, Kwang-Kyu ;
Journal of Digital Convergence, volume 11, issue 11, 2013, Pages 251~256
DOI : 10.14400/JDPM.2013.11.11.251
In the past, customers utilize a secondhand book market as a major counter for their purchasing used books. With expansion of internet and IT devices, many customers would like to buy their used books in an on-line secondhand book store which has more price competitiveness and ease. Nowadays a new concept off-line secondhand book market which has the advantages of both on-line and off-line is a growing trend instead of existing secondhand book markets in the economic recession. In this study, we established customer service satisfaction for 'Aladin store', which is the advanced concept off-line secondhand book store, with the most typical service quality test technique SERVQUAL. First, we selected appropriate service quality factor for the advanced concept off-line secondhand book market such as Aladin store. After that, we analyzed which factors are influencing repurchase intentions, through customer survey. The conclusion provides the secondhand book store's service quality improvement and strategy toward customer satisfaction including the existing used book stores.
A Study on Service Quality Factors of Logistic Catalog Management System Affecting the Service Trust
Han, Jae-Jeong ; Han, Kyeong-Seok ;
Journal of Digital Convergence, volume 11, issue 11, 2013, Pages 257~263
DOI : 10.14400/JDPM.2013.11.11.257
This study focused on service quality, service value, service satisfaction and service trust of system being used in DAPA(Defence Aquisition Program Adminstration) to manage logistic items. DAPA in operating a few systems to manage efficiently logistic items. This study focused on the catalog management system service quality. Because catalog management system has been the most requested service system of being used in DAPA by defense firms since DAPA was founded, it would be the most fitted system in this study. Through this study, we drew a direction in establishing service. This study also could be applied to business practice so defence industry firms would trust DAPA and DAPA could offer a better service quality. Quick and exact service offered by logistic catalog management system would lead delivery of military supplies and export. Consequently, the best quality service would contribute to profit increase for defence industry firms, independent defence and nation economy development.
The Effect of Collaboration of Large Enterprises in Supplier Relationship on Manufacturing Capability and Performance of SMEs
Kim, Jung-Dae ;
Journal of Digital Convergence, volume 11, issue 11, 2013, Pages 265~278
DOI : 10.14400/JDPM.2013.11.11.265
This study is about how does collaboration activities of large company's Supplier Relationship(SR) effect on manufacturing capability and performance of a SMEs. In this research, there are many ways to analyze data. The methods used in the study are hypothesis testing and empirical testing based on SPSS 21.0 and AMOS21.0, factorial analysis for validity and reliability of questionnaire item, construct validity and variance extracted as a research model, and subcontract-tiers as a moderating variable. As a result, the effect of the collaboration activities of large business did not have the significant effect on supplier's manufacturing capability. It showed different result by subcontract-tiers In first-tier cooperative, collaboration activities of large business had significant effect on manufacturing capability, but it did not have the significant effect on performance. In second/third-tier cooperative, manufacturing capability and performance are significantly affected by manufacturing practices. In conclusion, this study will suggest the direction how to achieve an accompanied growth between large enterprises and SMEs.
A Proposal of Alternative Financial Supporting Policy on IT-related Small & Medium sized Enterprises
Khoe, Kyung-Il ;
Journal of Digital Convergence, volume 11, issue 11, 2013, Pages 279~287
DOI : 10.14400/JDPM.2013.11.11.279
This paper proposes several alternative government financial supporting policy on IT-related small and medium sized enterprises. First, this paper considers reforming factors relating to current financial supporting policy and studies foreign government supporting loan programs through benchmarking so as to derive alternative financing supporting policy. Secondly, this paper analyses several investment supporting policies on IT-related small and medium sized enterprises. Finally, new Korean government financial supporting policy on IT-related small and medium sized enterprises is collectively diagnosed by putting comprehensive analyses together in this paper.
The Effect of Coffee Shop Selection Attributes on Revisit Intention: Focused on Mediating Effect of Brand Trust
Jung, Ja Young ;
Journal of Digital Convergence, volume 11, issue 11, 2013, Pages 289~304
DOI : 10.14400/JDPM.2013.11.11.289
In Korea the consumption of coffee has been continuously increased last 10 years. During the period the market size and the numbers of the coffee shop also has been expanded dramatically. The purpose of this study was to examine whether the consumer's selection attributes of coffee shop affect the revisit intention of coffee shop and the brand trust had moderating effects between consumption attributes and revisit intention. Also it was analyzed whether there were statistic differences according to the demographic characteristics. For this study the survey was conducted on Seoul City and Kyeongki-do province and 600 questionnaires were distributed and 480 were collected and 470 samples were analyzed. The results of this study were as follows. All the factors of the consumer's consumption attributes of coffee shop had affected the revisit intention. And the factors of brand trust had moderating effects on revisit intention. There were statistic difference by gender for the additional services and there were also statistic difference according to the age group for the new technology environmental service of the inside of coffee shop. The implications of this study were the selection attributes of coffee shop were diverse and the brand trust were considered significant and the consumer's preferences were different according demographic characteristics such as gender, age, and incomes.
The Research on Security Cognition and Management Status of Technology Outflow about Small-medium Companies in New IT Environment
Kim, Ki Ho ; Ha, Kyu Soo ;
Journal of Digital Convergence, volume 11, issue 11, 2013, Pages 305~312
DOI : 10.14400/JDPM.2013.11.11.305
This research suggests the security countermeasures for solving technology outflow of small-medium companies in New IT Environment through level comparison of security cognition and security management between small-medium companies and major big companies. According to analysis results, it is poor for small-medium companies' level of security cognition and security management compared with major big companies. Small-medium companies need to manage technology outflow to major big companies' level in New IT Environment. Small-medium companies has started to build New IT Environment recently and it must build the appropriate security system for small-medium companies at the same time. Small-medium company has more problem with budget and proffessionals to maintain the security of technology outflow. Therefore government has to support systematic management for the security of technology outflow to Small-medium companies
The Protocol of Basic Body Ability for 4D Cycling System
Kim, Ki-Bong ; Lee, Sung-Han ;
Journal of Digital Convergence, volume 11, issue 11, 2013, Pages 313~320
DOI : 10.14400/JDPM.2013.11.11.313
The four-dimensional cycle simulator, which can recognize whether the road is ascent or descent, its gradient, and status of its surface on Virtual Reality, is introduced in this paper. On the base of these recognitions, various virtual motion path situations are displayed on LCD monitor attached ahead. These various situations may support not only the sense of realty but also an interest in a game in opposition to previous exercise cycles that might be monotonous. In this paper both analysis and estimation of basic bodily abilities for the four-dimensional cycling are addressed.
A study of obstacles detection using RSS(Received Signal Strength)
Hong, Seok Mi ;
Journal of Digital Convergence, volume 11, issue 11, 2013, Pages 321~326
DOI : 10.14400/JDPM.2013.11.11.321
GPS reception rate in the room has less features. To overcome these shortcomings, the AP positioning using RSS technology research and development is being done. If we use positioning technology and signal strength in order to detect a obstacles, it has the advantage of no-cost in terms of utilization and efficiency when we do this applied service. In this paper, We are presented method to determine the obstacles using RSS(Received Signal Strength).
Development of 3D Simulation Systems for the 3D Visualization of University Campus Building Information
Kim, Sung-Ho ;
Journal of Digital Convergence, volume 11, issue 11, 2013, Pages 327~333
DOI : 10.14400/JDPM.2013.11.11.327
The campus has been composed of a very variety buildings. However, there is almost no easy way to see information about room number of each floor of the buildings and all buildings. For that reason, in this paper, we have developed a 3D simulation system for the 3D visualization of campus building information. Each building and cross section of floor was modeled in 3D based on the actual drawing. And texture mapping were using real photos. The user interface was divided into frames for menu and 3D viewer. When you select a building name from the menu, 3D viewer shows the selected building by zooming. And menu frame is shown the various information related to the building. Also when you select a room number of each floor, a separate web browser shows the cross section by VRML viewer. Conversely, when you click on the building in the 3D viewer, menu frame is shown the various information related to the building. This system is very useful in that provide realistic building information of campus.
The Comparative Software Cost Model of Considering Logarithmic Fault Detection Rate Based on Failure Observation Time
Kim, Kyung-Soo ; Kim, Hee-Cheul ;
Journal of Digital Convergence, volume 11, issue 11, 2013, Pages 335~342
DOI : 10.14400/JDPM.2013.11.11.335
In this study, reliability software cost model considering logarithmic fault detection rate based on observations from the process of software product testing was studied. Adding new fault probability using the Goel-Okumoto model that is widely used in the field of reliability problems presented. When correcting or modifying the software, finite failure non-homogeneous Poisson process model. For analysis of software cost model considering the time-dependent fault detection rate, the parameters estimation using maximum likelihood estimation of inter-failure time data was made. In this research, Software developers to identify the best time to release some extent be able to help is considered.
The Generation of Control Rules for Data Mining
Park, In-Kyoo ;
Journal of Digital Convergence, volume 11, issue 11, 2013, Pages 343~349
DOI : 10.14400/JDPM.2013.11.11.343
Rough set theory comes to derive optimal rules through the effective selection of features from the redundancy of lots of information in data mining using the concept of equivalence relation and approximation space in rough set. The reduction of attributes is one of the most important parts in its applications of rough set. This paper purports to define a information-theoretic measure for determining the most important attribute within the association of attributes using rough entropy. The proposed method generates the effective reduct set and formulates the core of the attribute set through the elimination of the redundant attributes. Subsequently, the control rules are generated with a subset of feature which retain the accuracy of the original features through the reduction.
Improvement of the Semantic Information Retrieval using Ontology and Spearman Correlation Coefficients
Lee, Byungwook ;
Journal of Digital Convergence, volume 11, issue 11, 2013, Pages 351~357
DOI : 10.14400/JDPM.2013.11.11.351
Information retrieval by query keywords have some mismatching problems to fit user's requirement for the retrieved documents due to the varieties of users. These problems are originated from the different situations and characteristics of user's requirement. Also, it has a problem that general correlation coefficients did not display the information relations. In this thesis, it is to suggest knowledge retrieval system to verify feasibility of personnel selection procedure and results supporting selection rules after construction of personnel selection ontologies and rules composed of various concept and knowledge based on the semantic web technology. In the suggested system, it is to clear disadvantages of limited information retrieval providing the suitable information to satisfy user's different situations and characteristics using Spearman's coefficients. Experimental results by this semantic-based information retrieval show 90.3% of accuracy and 71.8% of recall compared with legacy keyword information retrieval.
A Study on the Data Modeling decreasing the Data Obesity
Rhee, Hye Kyung ; Kim, Hee Wan ;
Journal of Digital Convergence, volume 11, issue 11, 2013, Pages 359~366
DOI : 10.14400/JDPM.2013.11.11.359
In this paper, we studied how the data obesity can affect in which the response speed of database gradually slows down. Our research is performed by analyzing how the game data infrastructure is well-formed. Although there are a variety of ways to evaluate to measure the level of infrastructure, we performed with real information system. We analyzed data obesity by comparing the entity-relationship models between the products of real game information system and newly modeled databases. We could find data obesity is over 60% among overall average of game information system. It shows that 45% higher than standard obesity which is 15%. In this paper, data redundancy rate after performing the procedure of the data modeling was 41% resulting in an improvement of 23% compared to 64% of an existing model.
Vocabulary Retrieve System using Improve Levenshtein Distance algorithm
Lee, Jong-Sub ; Oh, Sang-Yeob ;
Journal of Digital Convergence, volume 11, issue 11, 2013, Pages 367~372
DOI : 10.14400/JDPM.2013.11.11.367
In general, Levenshtein distance algorithm have a problem with not distinguish the consideration of vacabulary retrieve, because Levenshtein methode is used to vocabulary order are not defined. In this paper, we propose a improved Levenshtein methode, it effectively manage the vocabulary retrieve by frequency use of a vocabulary, and it gives the weight number which have a order between vocabularies. Therefore proposed methode have a advantage of solve the defect of perception rate in the case of increase the vocabulary, improve the recognition time become higher and it can be effectively retrieval space management.. System performance as a result of represent vocabulary dependence recognition rate of 97.81%, vocabulary independence recognition rate of 96.91% in indoor environment. Also, vocabulary dependence recognition rate of 91.11%, vocabulary independence recognition rate of 90.01% in outdoor environment.
Analysis on Acceptance Intention of Augmented Reality System - Using Logit Model
Kim, Mincheol ;
Journal of Digital Convergence, volume 11, issue 11, 2013, Pages 373~380
DOI : 10.14400/JDPM.2013.11.11.373
Recently, AR(Augmented Reality) system as an information technology for the increased access of information has a potential possibility of next generation's system for tourism guide. In this regard, the objective of this study is to explore the technology acceptance factors of AR system on tourism destination. To achieve the objective of this study, logit regression model was used to analyze the influential level of the factors. This study was analyzed with the final 224 respondents and the results showed that if there will be assured with high trust and easy access via mobility device as smartphone, the AR system has the possibility of high acceptance level. The result of this study will be expected to be utilized as fundamental data from the viewpoint of the service providers and system developers that want to launch the appropriate service to users' needs of AR system.
Emotion Extraction of Multimedia Contents based on Specific Sound Frequency Bands
Kwon, Young-Hun ; Chang, Jae-Khun ;
Journal of Digital Convergence, volume 11, issue 11, 2013, Pages 381~387
DOI : 10.14400/JDPM.2013.11.11.381
Recently, emotional contents that induce emotions and respond to emotions are given attention in the field of cultural industries, and extracting emotion caused by multimedia contents is being noted. Furthermore, since multimedia contents have been quickly produced and distributed these days, researches automatically to extract the feeling of multimedia contents are being accelerated. In this paper, we will study the method of emotional value extraction in the multimedia contents using the volume value of the multimedia contents in a certain frequency among sound informations. This study allows to extract the emotion of multimedia contents automatically, and the extracted information will be used to provide user's current emotion, weather, etc. for the users.
Quantum cryptography-used Key Distribution Model Design of U-healthcare environment
Jeong, Yoon-Su ; Han, Kun-Hee ;
Journal of Digital Convergence, volume 11, issue 11, 2013, Pages 389~395
DOI : 10.14400/JDPM.2013.11.11.389
As fusing IT and medical technique, the number of patients who adhere medical equipment inside of them is increasing. However there is a problem of for the third person to tap or modulate the patient's biometric data viciously. This paper suggests quantum encryption-based key distribution model to share key for the third person not to tap or modulate the patient's biometric data between patient and hospital staff. The proposed model uses one-time pad key that shares key sending random bits not direct sending message of quantum data. Also, it guarantees patient's anonymity because the biometric data of injected-device in the body doesn't be exposed unnecessarily.
Structure analysis of service quality, satisfaction and loyalty in ubiquitous living English experience learning center
Kang, Mun Koo ; Baek, Hyeongi ;
Journal of Digital Convergence, volume 11, issue 11, 2013, Pages 397~407
DOI : 10.14400/JDPM.2013.11.11.397
The purpose of this study was to develop comprehensive model which could represent service quality, satisfaction and loyalty in ubiquitous living English experience learning center, and to analyze an influence of service quality of elementary school students attending that center on satisfaction. The variables were extracted in connection with service quality, satisfaction and loyalty in ubiquitous living English experience learning center, and relations among those variables were examined. The study verified causality and influences between variables using feasibility of variables and structural equation thru confirmatory factor analysis, based on questionnaires of 262 students who attended ubiquitous living English experience learning center. The suggestion of the study on ubiquitous living English experience learning center of elementary school students are as follows. Programs in relation with living English should run more efficiently to expand ubiquitous living English experience learning center. More important is that guidelines or orientation for students to recognize how to use the programs be needed. Also, this study shows that the educational performance and satisfaction are found to be very large, and participation in the program of that center needs to be encouraged in terms of schools.
Learning Distribution Graphs Using a Neuro-Fuzzy Network for Naive Bayesian Classifier
Tian, Xue-Wei ; Lim, Joon S. ;
Journal of Digital Convergence, volume 11, issue 11, 2013, Pages 409~414
DOI : 10.14400/JDPM.2013.11.11.409
Naive Bayesian classifiers are a powerful and well-known type of classifiers that can be easily induced from a dataset of sample cases. However, the strong conditional independence assumptions can sometimes lead to weak classification performance. Normally, naive Bayesian classifiers use Gaussian distributions to handle continuous attributes and to represent the likelihood of the features conditioned on the classes. The probability density of attributes, however, is not always well fitted by a Gaussian distribution. Another eminent type of classifier is the neuro-fuzzy classifier, which can learn fuzzy rules and fuzzy sets using supervised learning. Since there are specific structural similarities between a neuro-fuzzy classifier and a naive Bayesian classifier, the purpose of this study is to apply learning distribution graphs constructed by a neuro-fuzzy network to naive Bayesian classifiers. We compare the Gaussian distribution graphs with the fuzzy distribution graphs for the naive Bayesian classifier. We applied these two types of distribution graphs to classify leukemia and colon DNA microarray data sets. The results demonstrate that a naive Bayesian classifier with fuzzy distribution graphs is more reliable than that with Gaussian distribution graphs.
The traffic performance evaluation between remote server and mobile for applying to encryption protocol in the Wellness environment
Lee, Jae-Pil ; Kim, Young-Hyuk ; Lee, Jae-Kwang ;
Journal of Digital Convergence, volume 11, issue 11, 2013, Pages 415~420
DOI : 10.14400/JDPM.2013.11.11.415
U-WHS refers to a means of remote health monitoring service to combine fitness with wellbing. U-WHS is a system which can measure and manage biometric information of patients without any limitation on time and space. In this paper, we performed in order to look into the influence that the encryption module influences on the communication evaluation in the biometric information transmission gone to the smart mobile device and Hospital Information System.In the case of the U-WHS model, the client used the Objective-c programming language for software development of iOS Xcode environment and SEED and HIGHT encryption module was applied. In the case of HIS, the MySQL which is the Websocket API of the HTML5 and relational database management system for the client and inter-server communication was applied. Therefore, in WIFI communication environment, by using wireshark, data transfer rate of the biometric information, delay and loss rate was checked for the evaluation.
Disk Cache Manager based on Minix3 Microkernel : Design and Implementation
Choi, Wookjin ; Kang, Yongho ; Kim, Seonjong ; Kwon, Hyeogsoong ; Kim, Jooman ;
Journal of Digital Convergence, volume 11, issue 11, 2013, Pages 421~427
DOI : 10.14400/JDPM.2013.11.11.421
Disk Cache Manager(DCM), a functional server of microkernel based, to improve the I/O power of shared disks is designed and implemented in this work. DCM interfaces other different servers with message passing through ports by serving as a system actor the multi-thread mode on the Minix3 micro-kernel. DCM proposed in this paper uses the shared disk logically as a Seven Disk and Sodd Disk to enable parallel I/O. DCM enables the efficient placement of disk data because it raises disk cache hit-ratio by increasing the cache size when the utilization of the particular disk is high. Through experimental results, we show that DCM is quite efficient for a shared disk with higher utilization.
A Study on Digital Convergence Related with Our Life using ICT
Lee, Seong-Hoon ;
Journal of Digital Convergence, volume 11, issue 11, 2013, Pages 429~434
DOI : 10.14400/JDPM.2013.11.11.429
In 2011, Government introduced "IT Convergence Technology Prediction Survey 2025". This report includes 10 ICT industries. Convergence was combined with a word 'digital'. Digital convergence means a service or new product which appeared through fusion of unit technologies in information and communication regions. The effects of convergence technologies and social phenomenons are visualized in overall regions of society such as economy, society, culture, etc. In this paper, we described a prospects and technologies needed in digital convergence environment. And we described IT-Building, IT-Car, IT-Medicine, IT-Textile which was related with our lives in today among 10 ICT industries.
Kerberos Authentication Deployment Policy of US in Big data Environment
Hong, Jinkeun ;
Journal of Digital Convergence, volume 11, issue 11, 2013, Pages 435~441
DOI : 10.14400/JDPM.2013.11.11.435
This paper review about kerberos security authentication scheme and policy for big data service. It analyzed problem for security technology based on Hadoop framework in big data service environment. Also when it consider applying problem of kerberos security authentication system, it analyzed deployment policy in center of main contents, which is occurred in commercial business. About the related applied Kerberos policy in US, it is researched about application such as cross platform interoperability support, automated Kerberos set up, integration issue, OPT authentication, SSO, ID, and so on.
Optimal solution search method by using modified local updating rule in ACS-subpath algorithm
Hong, SeokMi ; Lee, Seung-Gwan ;
Journal of Digital Convergence, volume 11, issue 11, 2013, Pages 443~448
DOI : 10.14400/JDPM.2013.11.11.443
Ant Colony System(ACS) is a meta heuristic approach based on biology in order to solve combinatorial optimization problem. It is based on the tracing action of real ants which accumulate pheromone on the passed path and uses as communication medium. In order to search the optimal path, ACS requires to explore various edges. In existing ACS, the local updating rule assigns the same pheromone to visited edge. In this paper, our local updating rule gives the pheromone according to the total frequency of visits of the currently selected node in the previous iteration. I used the ACS algoritm using subpath for search. Our approach can have less local optima than existing ACS and find better solution by taking advantage of more informations during searching.
Development of the 3D Virtual Fitting Room Simulator using Augmented Reality
Kim, Sung-Ho ;
Journal of Digital Convergence, volume 11, issue 11, 2013, Pages 449~454
DOI : 10.14400/JDPM.2013.11.11.449
Recent, the number of consumers using home shopping are in increase. So, there have been a lot of effort to provide services that meet the consumer's eye level in each store. In particular, apparel stores have been conducted the research for virtual fitting room based on augmented reality technology that consumers can simulate in real time costumes that meet the tastes of consumers in online and offline market. In addition, some services has already progress. The general virtual fitting room simulator built the user interface based on OpenCV, augmented reality API, Kinect, and so on. But, it has the disadvantage that the equipment is expensive. In this paper, we have developed a 3D virtual fitting room simulator based on augmented reality technology using OpenCV and libsigc
. This simulator can simulate easily in general home without any special equipment. This simulator is expected to be available very efficient in online and offline market as well as home shopping.
A Study of Mental Health Care Workers' Recognition and Guarantee for Psychiatric Patients' Rights
Jung, Chun Hwa ; Ko, Sung Hee ; Kim, Jiyoung ;
Journal of Digital Convergence, volume 11, issue 11, 2013, Pages 455~462
DOI : 10.14400/JDPM.2013.11.11.455
This study was to examine the recognition and guarantee for psychiatric patients' rights of mental health care workers. The participants of this study were 231 mental health care workers from 10 mental health care institutions located in J city, Korea. Data was collected using questionnaires consisting of one instrument measuring participants' recognition and guarantee for psychiatric patients' rights, and participants' characteristics. Collected data were analyzed using descriptive analysis, t-test, one-way ANOVA with SPSS 12.0. The results of this study showed the mental healthcare workers' recognition and guarantee were significantly different in every subscales. Besides, the difference between recognition and guarantee toward psychiatric patients' rights was significantly associated with participants' occupations. Based on the findings, guiding where nursing education efforts should be focused to help putting in place the psychiatric patients' rights.
A Comparison Study of Performance between Local Government Hospitals and General Hospitals
Kim, Sang-Mi ; Hwang, Sung-Wan ; Yoon, Seo-Jung ; Kang, Jung-Kyu ;
Journal of Digital Convergence, volume 11, issue 11, 2013, Pages 463~470
DOI : 10.14400/JDPM.2013.11.11.463
The objective of this study is to compare hospital performance between Local Government Hospitals and General Hospitals. To compare the result of the financial performance between two groups, there were significant differences in current ratio, Fixed ratio, total assets turnover, personnel expenses to gross revenues, management expenses to gross revenues, return on assets, operating margin. The significant impact relations of ROA(Return on Assets) were formed the total assets turnover, salaries, material costs, administrative expenses. Although two groups are the similar beds, most of LGH are in the red so the managers and local government must consider the financial efficiency of LGH.
Factors Influencing Military Leisure Activities on Life Satisfaction Using Path Analysis
Kim, Ho-Won ; Kim, Dong-Hyun ; Kim, Nam-Song ;
Journal of Digital Convergence, volume 11, issue 11, 2013, Pages 471~478
DOI : 10.14400/JDPM.2013.11.11.471
This study has been conducted on soldiers' leisure activities and their military life satisfaction using path analysis. The survey for the research had been done with military personnel serving at two units, located in north Gyeonggi province and south Gyeonggi province, using 856 questionaires for eight weeks beginning september, 2011. The results showed that military life contentment was found to be influenced significantly by the factors such as physical symtoms, depression, and social support. with this results, the hope is that they could enhance military life satisfaction by developing and introducing various leisure programs which could help relieve depression, physical symtoms, and build social support among soldiers.
Recognition and Performance of Patient Private Information Protection (PPIP) in Nursing Students
Kim, Chang-Hee ; Jeong, Sun-Young ; Song, Yong-Shin ;
Journal of Digital Convergence, volume 11, issue 11, 2013, Pages 479~490
DOI : 10.14400/JDPM.2013.11.11.479
In this research we surveyed level of textual recognition and of practice by nursing students regarding patient privacy protection. The subjects were 383 nursing students. The questionnaire developed by Lee and Park (2005) were modified and used. Data analysis was conducted through descriptive statistics, t-test, ANOVA, and Pearson correlation coefficients. The result shows that about 96.1% of the subjects received education on patient privacy protection in school or hospital but 48.0% of all received education of 10 minutes or less. Average score for recognition of patient privacy protection was a 4.13 but average practice score was 3.84. Among all areas, communication tasks showed the highest scores for both recognition and practice. There are differences according to grade in school and age of the subject, and experience with clinical practice, existence of regular educational program embedded in clinical practice at hospitals, and the length of each educational session. For both total score and score for every domain, there was a correlation between recognition and practice. The conclusions drawn from this research will help colleges of nursing and hospitals to design and develop contents of educational programs for nursing students.
Effects of endurance and strength training of cyclists and triathlon athletes on efficiency, economy and VO
Kim, Do-Yeon ;
Journal of Digital Convergence, volume 11, issue 11, 2013, Pages 491~498
DOI : 10.14400/JDPM.2013.11.11.491
The purpose of this study was to evaluate the economy and efficiency of two trained athlete groups of different training status. The subjects were 20 elite athletes composed of the cyclists group (n=10) and triathlon group (n=10). All subjects performed steady state testing at 50, 100, and 150 watts, with ample time to reach resting
and ventilation values between stages. The efficiency of two groups appears to be quite different, with triathlon competitors displaying superior efficiency values for the transitions from 0 to 50 and 100 watts. This same principle likely explains the economy of the groups, as triathlon competitor was again more economic at 50 and 100 watts. As though this matching of oxygen consumption and workload they can reduce the amount of oxygen deficit that must be repaid post exercise.
Factors Affecting Successful Aging in Rural Elderly People
Ahn, Okhee ; Cha, Hye Gyeong ; Chang, Soo Jung ; Kim, Hee Sun ; Jang, Eun Hee ;
Journal of Digital Convergence, volume 11, issue 11, 2013, Pages 499~508
DOI : 10.14400/JDPM.2013.11.11.499
This study was done to examine the affecting factors of successful aging to provide basic information for developing intervention program for the rural elderly. Methods: A cross-sectional descriptive design was used. Data was collected through questionnaire from 208 people with age over 65 residing in an rural community. They were recruited by convenience sampling. Collected data were analyzed by independent t-test, one-way ANOVA, Pearson's correlation coefficients, and multiple regression through SPSS/WIN 21.0 program. Results: Explanatory factors affecting the rural elderly's successful aging were social support, depression, cognitive function, productive activity and Activities of daily living, respectively, and these five factors accounted for 42.1% of the variance in successful aging. Conclusion: The rural elderly's successful aging requires establishment of social support system such as health medical service supply and social activities by being connected with social communities, and for this, this study suggests that there be a necessity of developing customized nursing intervention program.
Related Factors of Awareness, Treatment, and Control of Hypertension in Korea : Using the Fourth Korea National Health & Nutrition Examination Survey
Chang, Dong-Min ; Park, Il-Su ; Yang, Jong-Hyun ;
Journal of Digital Convergence, volume 11, issue 11, 2013, Pages 509~519
DOI : 10.14400/JDPM.2013.11.11.509
The purpose of this study was to identify the factors related to awareness, treatment, and control of hypertension in Korea using data from the 4th KNHANES. The analytical technique employed multivariate logistic regression analysis and the major findings of this research are as follows. First, awareness of hypertension was positively associated with age, occupation, self-rated health, Body Mass Index, and health examination since 2 years ago, in both males and females. Second, treatment of hypertension was positively associated with age, self-rated health, Body Mass Index, and health examination since 2 years ago, in both males and females. Third, control of hypertension was positively associated with age, self-rated health, Body Mass Index, and health examination since 2 years ago, in both males and females. Finally, the results of analysis suggest that the government should especially focus on the vulnerable group and continue to strengthen effective efforts for improving awareness, treatment, and control of hypertension.
The effects of PNF combined patterns training on balance ability and functional ability of hockey players
Ann, Yong Duk ; Park, Jong Hang ;
Journal of Digital Convergence, volume 11, issue 11, 2013, Pages 521~528
DOI : 10.14400/JDPM.2013.11.11.521
This study was performed to examine effects of PNF combined pattern training on balance ability and functional ability of hockey players. In order to achieve this purpose, total 28 participants were separated into two group: 14 comparison group and 14 experiment group, and the experiment group performed PNF combined pattern training for 12 week, 3 times a week, 60 minutes a day. Each group was measured beforehand, after 6 week and 12 week. balance ability was measured using GOOD BALANCE system and functional ability was measured using carioca and shuttle-run test. For statistically verifying above measured values, repeated measure analysis of variance was analyzed and have following results. As the comparing results of balance ability, normal standing eye close(NSEC) was ant-post and velocity moment of experiment group showed significant differences(p<.05). And one leg right eye close(OLREC) was ant-post, med-lat and velocity moment of experiment group showed significant differences (p<.05). Also, dynamic balance ability was ant-post and velocity moment of experiment groups showed significant differences(p<.05). As the comparing results of functional ability, shuttle-run of experiment group sowed significant differences(p<.05). From above results, balance ability of hockey players was shown to be improved through symmetric training of PNF combined pattern applied to hockey players, and it can be considered that this is actively recommended for training method to improve athletic performance of hockey players.
Quantitative Evaluation of Optimized Fat-Suppression Techniques for T1 Weighted Cervical Spine MR Imaging: Comparison of TSE-CHESS and TSE-SPAIR
Goo, Eun-Hoe ;
Journal of Digital Convergence, volume 11, issue 11, 2013, Pages 529~536
DOI : 10.14400/JDPM.2013.11.11.529
The purpose of this study is to know clinical usefulness for fat suppression of the body curved portion compared with TSE-CHESS and TSE-SPAIR technique. A total of 25 normal volunteers without cervical spine disease were studied on a 3.0 T MRI scanner. As a quantitative analysis, PSNRs and CNRs were evaluated by using two methods for fat suppression of the body curved portion. As a results, PSNRs and CNRs for fat suppression were significantly greater for the TSE-SPAIR technique compared to TSE-CHESS technique. In conclusion, this study showed that a TSE-SPAIR technique has improved PSNRs and CNRs for evaluating of fat suppression in the body curved portion. These conclusions in the future will be provided information in diagnosis of fat suppression for the body curved portion.
Effects of 12-week balance training with visual feedback on balance and walking functions in patients with chronic stroke
Jeong, Myeong-Kyun ; Oh, Duck-Won ;
Journal of Digital Convergence, volume 11, issue 11, 2013, Pages 537~544
DOI : 10.14400/JDPM.2013.11.11.537
This study was to determine the effect of 12-week balance training with visual feedback on balance and walking functions in patients with post-stroke hemiparesis. Twenty individuals with chronic stroke volunteered to participate in this study. They were randomly allocated to either experimental group (EG) or control group (CG), with 10 subjects in each group. Subjects from the group 1 underwent 15-min balance training with visual feedback and 15-min routine-scheduled physical therapy, and subjects from the group 2 performed 30-min routine-scheduled physical therapy only, which comprised mat exercise, strengthening, postural correction, and functional practice. Assessment tools were made with the Functional Reach Test (FRT), Timed Up and Go Test (TUGT), and 6 Min Walk Test (6MWT). In within-group comparison, the EG showed significant differences in all parameters (p<0.05), while significant differences were not found for the CG (p>0.05). In between-group comparison, the change values of the FRT and 6MWT appeared to be significantly greater for the EG than those of the CG (p<0.05). These findings suggest that balance training with visual feedback may be favorably used to improve balance and walking functions in patients with chronic post-stroke hemiparesis. Further studies with larger sample and long-term follow-up period need to generalize the results of this study.
The Effects of Microcurrent Stimulation on Erector Spinae Fatigue Index
Kang, Da-Haeng ;
Journal of Digital Convergence, volume 11, issue 11, 2013, Pages 545~551
DOI : 10.14400/JDPM.2013.11.11.545
This study aimed to compare the effects of microcurrent stimulation and rest on the fatigue index by applying both to subjects who had accumulated fatigue after performing short-duration physical activity. The experiment was performed at S University from December 2012 to February 2013, on 22 healthy men in their 20s, who were right-handed, and without peripheral or musculoskeletal diseases. All subjects lifted a 10-kg box lift and lower 100 times in 15 minutes. Immediately after that, muscle fatigue index (Median Frequency: MF) and blood fatigue index (Creatine Kinase Lactate: CK, Lactate Dehydrogenase: LDH) were measured by using surface electromyography. The subjects were divided into two groups, and microcurrent stimulation and rest were mediated to the experimental and control groups, respectively, for 20 minutes. After intervention, muscle fatigue index and blood fatigue index were measured and the changes in the accumulated fatigue index were compared. Both groups manifested significantly decreased cumulative fatigue after applying the mediation compared to the pre-intervention level (p < .05), the only exception being the fatigue index of the left erector spinae in the rest group. Compared to the rest group, the microcurrent stimulation group showed a significant decrease in muscle fatigue index (p < .05) but no significant differences were found in the blood fatigue index. Given the results of this study, microcurrent stimulation is considered to be helpful in muscle fatigue recovery for workers who have to perform repetitive movements lifting weights, and additional studies on the correlations of the fatigue recovery with respect to the long-term follow-up of fatigue index and mediation time are necessary.
The effect of applying u-health system on metabolic syndrome management of elderly
Chung, Jin-Wook ; Sung, Soon-Chang ;
Journal of Digital Convergence, volume 11, issue 11, 2013, Pages 553~560
DOI : 10.14400/JDPM.2013.11.11.553
The purpose of this study was to examine the effect of u-health system on metabolic syndrome risk factor, body composition, and fitness in male and female elderly. Subjects were 46 elderly(24 men and 22 women) with metabolic syndrome. They were divided into u-health group and home exercise group. Blood pressure, blood profile, body composition, and fitness were measured before and after the intervention. As a results, blood glucose and waist circumference showed significant interaction in both men and women, respectively. In body composition, weight, muscle mass, fat mass, %body fat, BMI showed significant interaction whereas only muscle mass showed significant differences in women. In fitness, there were interaction shown in 3m up and go, functional reach, and gait speed in men. In women sit to stand, 6min walk, and grip strength showed significant interaction. In conclusion, u-health system seems to be the effective method in terms of checking regularly. However, easier and more simple system for elderly and specific direction for exercise should be added.
Effects of Lower Body Meridian Hand Therapy on Change in Obese Women's Body Composition and Blood Lipid
Lee, Kwang-Soo ; Han, Gil-Soo ;
Journal of Digital Convergence, volume 11, issue 11, 2013, Pages 561~571
DOI : 10.14400/JDPM.2013.11.11.561
This study was carried out to examine the impacts of lower body meridian hand therapy on changes in obese women's body composition and blood lipid. 30 obese women participated in the experiment carried out twice a week for 5 weeks on 15 subjects in lower body meridian hand therapy group and 15 lower-body bathing/lower body meridian hand therapy group. For changes in body composition, BMI, body fat and waist-hip ratio decreased in both groups, while for changes in blood lipid, TC, LDL-C and TG decreased while HDL-C increased by 0.98% in the former group while 1.12% in the latter group. Thus, the 5-week treatment of lower body meridian hand therapy was effective for improving body composition, decrease of blood lipid and of middle-aged obese women, so which can be recommended as lower body obesity management program in esthetics.
Influence on in-dorm university students' body-shape perception, obesity, and weight control toward Obesity stress
Lee, Hyun-Ju ;
Journal of Digital Convergence, volume 11, issue 11, 2013, Pages 573~583
DOI : 10.14400/JDPM.2013.11.11.573
Targeting in-dorm university students, this study is to check body-shape perception, obesity, weight control, and obesity stress, and to figure out the effect level of each variables toward obesity stress. Data were collected by self-evaluation questionnaire from 305 respondents in dorms of a university, and the survey was conducted from May 27 to June 7 of the year 2013. As a result of the survey, both male and female students did not properly perceive their own body-shape. Female students felt that they were fat more than male students did; on the other hand, male students felt that they were skinny even though they were in standard. Females felt more obesity stress than males, and for both male and female students, more obesity resulted in deeper obesity stress. For female students, when the actual body shape is not similar to the body shape that they believe to be, they feel more obesity stress; however for male students, the result was reversed. The group that tried weight control felt more obesity stress than the other group, for both males and females. In addition, for both male and female, the group that has more will toward weight control felt more obesity stress. The effect factors that were checked through multi-variable analysis is like the following: for male students, as they feel fat and as they pay more attention to weight control, the obesity stress increased, and for female students, as they pay more attention to weight control, the obesity stress increased. Focusing on higher obesity stress groups that are distinguished through applying factors to influence on decreasing obesity stress based on the analysis result, and especially for male university students, running exercise programs at the same time for skinny bodies to gain fat would be more effective to decrease obesity stress.
Influencing Factors on Alcohol Use of Persons with Severe Mental Illness in the Community
Gang, Moonhee ;
Journal of Digital Convergence, volume 11, issue 11, 2013, Pages 585~593
DOI : 10.14400/JDPM.2013.11.11.585
This study was to explore demographic, psycho-social and clinical characteristics and the influencing factors on alcohol use of person with severe mental illness in the community. Cross-sectional descriptive design was used to recruit a convenience sample of 176 participants from four community mental health centers in Korea. The collected data were analyzed using t-tests,
-test, and logistic regression. Depending on the alcohol use (AUDIT-K), participants were divided into the problem alcohol use group (n=54, 30.7%) and normal group (n=122, 69.3%). The problem alcohol use group was significantly more smoking, anxiety, stress, suicidal thought, and had a lower age of onset, phase of rehabilitation, self-efficacy, and others' support. In logistic regression analysis, factors influencing on alcohol use were smoking, age of onset, phase of rehabilitation and others' support. The findings may provide useful information to develop strategies for prevent from alcohol induced the problems in this populations.
The impact of TBL(team-based learning) on nursing students
Han, Su-Jeong ;
Journal of Digital Convergence, volume 11, issue 11, 2013, Pages 595~602
DOI : 10.14400/JDPM.2013.11.11.595
The purpose of this study was to examine the effects of Team-based learning(TBL) program on learning motivation and learning attitude in nursing students. This study was an one-group pretest-posttest design. Nursing students were participated. TBL program was carried out for 100 minutes a week for 4weeks. Data were collected by questionnaires from nursing students from 4, October to 11, November, 2011. Data were analyzed by paired t-test. After TBL program, significant improvement was found in learning motivation and learning attitude. Therefore, the programs based on TBL are effective for enhance learning motivation and learning attitude, they will be used widely in the nursing education.
A Study on the Structural Impact of Job Stress on the Organizational Commitment and Customer Oriented Boundary Spanning Behavior of Hospital Employees
Park, Hye-Young ;
Journal of Digital Convergence, volume 11, issue 11, 2013, Pages 603~611
DOI : 10.14400/JDPM.2013.11.11.603
This study examines the impact of job stress on customer-oriented boundary-spanning behavior with the mediating effects of organizational commitment. The survey data was collected from 147 employees working at a hospital and analyzed statistically by using SPSS 18.0 and AMOS 18.0. The result of this study are as follows. Hypothesis 1, Job stress has a negative influence on organizational commitment. Hypothesis 2, Organizational commitment has a positive influence on customer-oriented boundary-spanning behavior. Hypothesis 3, Job stress has a negatively significant impact on customer-oriented boundary-spanning behavior. Accordingly, Organizational commitment has the role of partially mediating the effect between job stress and customer-oriented boundary-spanning behavior. This means that employees working at the point of meeting customers must reduce their job stress in order to improve the service quality of a hospital and creating solutions to reduce job stress of hospital employees can increase customer-oriented boundary-spanning behavior.
A Qualitative Analysis on Paraspinal Muscles in Patients with Acute Low Back Pain and Chronic Low Back Pain
Jeong, Dae-Keun ;
Journal of Digital Convergence, volume 11, issue 11, 2013, Pages 613~620
DOI : 10.14400/JDPM.2013.11.11.613
This study was conducted to measure and analyze the changes in paraspinal muscles of acute and chronic low back pain patients using MRI, and to provide clinical basic data for diagnosis and treatment for low back pain. For this purpose, 20 patients with acute low back pain frome August 2012 to January 2013 which occurred within 12 weeks, and 20 patients with chronic low back pain that progressed over 12 weeks, were chosen as subjects, and their MRI measurements were compared with one another. As a result, in relation to in the fatty degeneration ratio of the left spine and right spine, there were significant differences in erector spinae and multifidus(p<.001), and in relation to the Fat Infiltration ratio between all the groups, there were significant differences in psoas major, erector spinae and multifidus between the acute low back pain patient group and the chronic low back pain patient group(p<.001). In the post-hoc test, multifidus and erector spinae in the acute low back pain group and chronic low back pain group showed the highest Fat Infiltration ratio. The serious Fat Infiltration of multifidus and erector spinae in the chronic low back pain group led to weakened strength of muscles that stabilize the spine. In conclusion, it is considered that this study would present important data and basis in making acute and chronic low back pain patients pay more attention to multifidus and psoas major during rehabilitation exercise, and selecting a rehabilitation exercise program.
The study on voluntary satisfaction and voluntary activities of dental hygiene students
Park, Young-Nam ; Lee, Hye-Jin ; Oh, Han-Na ;
Journal of Digital Convergence, volume 11, issue 11, 2013, Pages 621~631
DOI : 10.14400/JDPM.2013.11.11.621
This study aimed to investigate that what factors affect the volunteer activities of dental hygiene students and present a plan and problems with devising a program for activating their volunteer activities. A self-administered questionnaire survey was conducted in 265 dental hygiene students in Gwangju from November to December 2012, obtaining the following results: 51.3% of the respondents were freshmen; 74.3% had experience of volunteer activities; and 31.7% had the activities in the field of disabilities. 56.2% were motivated to participate in the activities by 'credit-earning and volunteer activity achievements'. Most of students participated in volunteer activities through clubs. Satisfaction with major-related volunteer activities was associated with higher support by others, higher job perception, higher job adequacy, and higher support by family. To increase satisfaction with major-related volunteer activities of students research is needed to develop systematic education for volunteers, subjects suitable for colleges, and an effective program in order to alter students' perception.
A Study of Influential Variables on Adaptation to College life among College Students from Cosmetology-related Departments
Yoo, Eun-Ju ; Kim, Soon-Ku ; Shim, Sun-Nyu ;
Journal of Digital Convergence, volume 11, issue 11, 2013, Pages 633~642
DOI : 10.14400/JDPM.2013.11.11.633
This study has attempted to investigate correlations among variables against 366 college students from cosmetology-related departments in Busan and figure out the effects of the variables which have an effect on adaptation to college life. First, in terms of 'college life stress', a positive correlation was observed with 'depression' while a negative correlation was found with 'adaptation to college life'. As 'social support' increased, 'self-efficacy' and 'adaptation to college life' were high as well. However, 'depression' was low. On the contrary, 'self-efficacy' revealed a negative correlation with 'depression' but a positive correlation with 'adaptation to college life'. Second, as peer support and professor support increased, and academic performance and value-related problems and depression decreased, 'adaptation to college life' was satisfying. Third, in terms of the effect of 'adaptation to academic achievements', 'academic matters' was the highest. In terms of the effect of social adaptation, 'peer support' was the highest. In terms of the effect of emotional and physical adaptations, 'depression' was the highest. In terms of the effect of attachment to college, 'professor issues' were the highest.
Effects of Low-density Exercise in the Frail Elderly
Kwon, Sang-Min ;
Journal of Digital Convergence, volume 11, issue 11, 2013, Pages 643~650
DOI : 10.14400/JDPM.2013.11.11.643
This study was conducted to examine the effects of low-density exercise on physical and psychological function of the frail elderly. The research design was nonequivalent control group pretest-posttest design. Data were analyzed using descriptive statistics, x2-test, Mann-Whitney U test and Cronbach's
with SPSS/Win 17.0 program. There was a significant improvement in Lt. Grip strength(U=56.00, p<.000), Rt. Grip strength(U=40.00, p<.000), TUG(U=95.00, p<.022), Depression(U=94.00, p<.011) in the experimental group compared to the control group. The low-density exercise program showed the effects to improve the physical and psychological functions of the frail elderly. In recommendation, this exercise program could be utilized as a health promoting program for the frail elderly.
Analysis of Studies on Physical Activity Program for Adults and Elderly in Korea
Park, Jee-Yeon ; Kwon, Sang-Min ; Kim, Na-Hyun ;
Journal of Digital Convergence, volume 11, issue 11, 2013, Pages 651~659
DOI : 10.14400/JDPM.2013.11.11.651
Purpose: This study was to analyze research reports published in Korea on physical activity for adult. Method: Based on inclusion criteria, 11 research reports were included in this review. Published year of selected articles was between 1990 and 2012. Eleven studies were analyzed by guidelines of the physical activity program done by experimental and quantitative research. Result: The characteristics of objects were mostly of non disease adult, over 65 years old, and female. Most educational content were about physical activity understanding, diet, nutrition. A large percentage of outcome indicators were body composition, physical function. Conclusion: Various types of physical activity program in Korea were performed by researchers. Therefore, we need to develop the standard protocol, to add educational intervention, and to study cost effectiveness of healthy.
The Study on the Property of The Heterophoria and Fusional Reserve in Adults in Jeon-buk Area
Oh, Hyun-Jin ; Doo, Ha-Young ; Sim, Sang-Hyun ; Choi, Sun Mi ; Oh, Seung-Jin ;
Journal of Digital Convergence, volume 11, issue 11, 2013, Pages 661~666
DOI : 10.14400/JDPM.2013.11.11.661
The aim of this study was to evaluate the property of heterophoria and fusional reserve in Adults in Jeon-buk Area. We examined the corrected visual acuity, corrected refractive error, heterophoria and fusional reserve of 116 healthy myopes aged from 20 to 44 old who had no strabismus no ocular and phyisical diseases. Using Von Graefe test of horizontal heterophoria Measurement, we measured orthophoria(26.7%), exophoria(52.5%) and esophoria(20.7%) for at near distance. The subjects who had exophoria of 0-6
in the range of normal state was 38.8%, while the subjects who had exophoria in the range of abnormal state was 61.2%. Reducing fusional reserve was associated with increasing phoria. We found a relationship between asthenopia and fusional reserve of heterophoria and considered that fusional reserve must be examined when we preserve for a patient with heterophoria. Furthermore, Gradient method AC/A ratio was found 4.03 and its relationship to refractive error could not be determined.
A Study on the Cultural Goods for Vitalization Baekje Cultural Assets (Through the Analysis of National Contest Exhibition for Baekje Cultural Goods)
Lee, Jae-Ho ; Park, Seung-Chul ;
Journal of Digital Convergence, volume 11, issue 11, 2013, Pages 667~673
DOI : 10.14400/JDPM.2013.11.11.667
The Baekjae Culture Festival was first held with the objective to re-explore and succeed the traditions of Baekjae culture based on history of Baekjae's seat of government, Gongju and Buyeo. It has contributed to the development of regional culture and establishment of cultural identity of local community with its pride as the leading historical cultural festival that introduces the history and culture of Baekje. However, the current Baekje Culture Festival as a historical and cultural festival is faced with a criticism as it is operated in the direction far from its initial purpose due to the lack of recognition in its significance and application. Therefore, the National Baekje Cultural Products Concours is held as part of various contests of Baekje Culture Festival in order to encourage the pride of Baekje history, draw international attention for the advanced and unique Baekje culture, develop innovative ideas for cultural products and grow the talents in design. The awarded work of this national concours is believed to be effective for the cultural contents industry. However, unlike its initial purpose, the concours has become a one-time exhibitionist event. Hence, through the analysis of general facts and case of domestic cultural products this thesis aims to find a way to utilize the National Baekje Cultural Products Concours in order to re-evaluate the history and culture of Baekje and enhance the public recognition through their viewing, consuming, promoting and experiencing of cultural products.
A Study on Multi-Media Contents Security using Smart Phone
Kim, Dong-Ryool ; Han, Kun-Hee ;
Journal of Digital Convergence, volume 11, issue 11, 2013, Pages 675~682
DOI : 10.14400/JDPM.2013.11.11.675
This paper tries to solve the problems which previous methods have the model using smart card for protecting digital contents. This study provides a contents distribution model to protect the rights of author, distributor, and user as well as user's information by using technologies such as cryptography, DRM(Digital Right Management), access control, etc. The proposed system is evaluated as the most safety model compared with previous methods because it not only solves the problems which the previous methods have, but also protects four type of risks such as use of contents which other mobile devices download, the attack on the key to decode the message, the attack on leaking the contents, and the internal attack such as an illegal reproduction.
A study on the intention of utilizing senior education program including the theory of planned behavior - focused on Chungcheongnam-do senior welfare center
Jung, Jin ; An, Kwan-Su ;
Journal of Digital Convergence, volume 11, issue 11, 2013, Pages 683~691
DOI : 10.14400/JDPM.2013.11.11.683
The purpose of this study is to identify the impact of behavior, subjective norm, perceived behavioral control and the empathy with staff of those who use social welfare center senior education program on the intention to use. To examine this, between theory of planned behavior of Fishbein & Ajzen(1975) and service quality of Parasuraman, Zeithaml & Berry(1988), research hypotheses that empathy with employees has an influence on intention to use are set. Data from 336 people joining Chungcheongnam-do social welfare center were collected by structured questionnaires, and data analysis for hypothesis testing was analyzed using regression analysis. The results of this study showed that behavior, subjective norm, perceived behavioral control and the empathy with staff of those who utilize social welfare center senior education program had a great impact on the intention to use.
Effects of Utilization of Social Network Service on Collaborative Skills, Collaborative Satisfaction and Interaction in the Collaborative Learning
Chon, Eunhwa ;
Journal of Digital Convergence, volume 11, issue 11, 2013, Pages 693~704
DOI : 10.14400/JDPM.2013.11.11.693
The purpose of this study was to analyze the effects of social network service on the collaborative skills, collaborative satisfaction, and interaction within groups in collaborative learning. The group that used KakaoTalk, one of social network service for working on the collaborative task in the course exhibited higher collaborative skills and collaborative satisfaction (p<.05) than the group that did not use KakaoTalk. When analyzing the amount and the content of the messages produced by the group that used KakaoTalk, the amount of messages did not have an impact on the collaborative skills and collaborative satisfaction.
The effect that infant temperament has on the infant's sense of self-respect and peer competence
Jang, Kyung-Ja ; Kim, Chong-Tae ;
Journal of Digital Convergence, volume 11, issue 11, 2013, Pages 705~715
DOI : 10.14400/JDPM.2013.11.11.705
This study has an objective of suggesting the ways to improve infant's sense of self-respect and peer competence, by examining what effect infant temperament has on infant's sense of self-respect and peer competence. The notable study results through analysis are as follows; First, it was shown that, in regard with adaptability and activity of infant temperament, cognitive ability of the sense of self-respect and peer acceptance, the average score of day care centers was higher, while it was shown that, in regard with response of infant temperament, the sense of self-respect's mother acceptance, peer relationship, sociability of peer competence, the average score of kindergartens was higher, and the boy infants' physiological regularity was shown to be higher than that of girl infants. Second, as a result of looking into the difference of infant temperament, sense of self-respect, and peer competence according to infant's age, we found that, in case of 'response' of infant temperament, age 5 group was classified into 'group a', and age 3 and 4 group was classified into 'group b', and two groups showed the difference, and in case of 'physiological regularity', age 3 group had the biggest regularity while age 5 group had the relatively low regularity, thus two groups showed the difference. In regard with sense of self-respect and peer competence, it was shown that age 4 and 5 group had higher one than that of age 3 group.
Measurement of Group Average for the Evaluation of Attention Improvement for a Tangible Game
Roh, Chang Hyun ; Lee, Wan Bok ;
Journal of Digital Convergence, volume 11, issue 11, 2013, Pages 717~723
DOI : 10.14400/JDPM.2013.11.11.717
It has been reported that more than 10 percent of Korean elementary students are classified into ADHD (Attention Deficit / Hyperactivity Disorder). Major treatment of ADHD is medication. However, medication brings various kinds of side effects. Therefore, we need a way to improve attention leve, and lead children to voluntarily participate in it. With this purpose, we tried to develop a 3D tangible game to improve the children's attention level. To measure the level of attention enhancement, firstly we measured both the group average and the standard deviation of the measurement variables from the raw data gathered during the game play time. The measured value can be effectively used to measure the level of attention improvement of the children who might need treatment.
A Study on Serious Game Production Based on Jewish Play
Lee, MyounJae ;
Journal of Digital Convergence, volume 11, issue 11, 2013, Pages 725~731
DOI : 10.14400/JDPM.2013.11.11.725
The Jews has been cited as the most influential nations in the world of politics, economy, and culture in many areas. For these reasons, the study of Jewish economic life such as child-rearing, family life, and religious life is getting expanded to various areas. In this paper, we deal with the Jews's play for the various areas. Play is the best way to see the consciousness of a certain age on learning the structure and lifestyle. Therefore, the research is described to produce serious games based on by study of Jewish play using information in the internet, researched paper. Then, the investigated play's role of technology for production of functional game plans are discussed. As a result, the Jews play: 1) the history, traditions of wisdom, tools, 2) a medium for delivering educational messages, 3) the formation of community tools emotions 4) promise to play a role as a tool for learning. The development and Release of serious games based on Jews play can lead to a positive social learning effect.
Educational policy plan balanced with excellence and equality based on humanism
Cho, Si-O ; An, Kwan-Su ;
Journal of Digital Convergence, volume 11, issue 11, 2013, Pages 733~745
DOI : 10.14400/JDPM.2013.11.11.733
This article aims to look into the education policy of the civilian government, the practical government, the participatory government and the government of the people after the military government, and then to investigate characteristics and problems to neo-liberalism, which was an common education innovation policy of past government. This study tries to suggest a far-sighted national policy of education the present government should orient. Futhermore, the article presents 'humanistic philosophy of education' as a new paradigm of a future education. This means balanced humanistic education policy, not disintegrated education in which excellence and equality take different paths.
A Study of Security Policy for U-Healthcare Service
Lee, Keun-Ho ;
Journal of Digital Convergence, volume 11, issue 11, 2013, Pages 747~751
DOI : 10.14400/JDPM.2013.11.11.747
Researches on U-Healthcare service integrating medical information and IT technologies are actively conducted. U-Healthcare service is the next generation's medical paradigm that ensures conveniences to many users so that the society recognizes the importance and attempts for commercialization through various business model are performed. To form such U-Healthcare service market safely, various policies on the social structure should be established through the standard and the medical law to systemize of the medical information led by the governmen. Especially, the government's security policy to ensure the safety for the government leading visualization of U-Healthcare should be firmly established. Firstly, this paper presents U-healthcare Service and policy guideline. Secondly, it analyzes security threatening factors for the safe U-Healthcare service. By classifying the analyzed security threatening factors based on three major elements of the security, Confidentiality, Integrity and Availability of security policy for each element is proposed.
How Does the Human Mind Change from Its First State? An Investigation of the First and the Last Human Mind through Cognitive Mechanism in the Brain
Song, Kwang-Han ;
Journal of Digital Convergence, volume 11, issue 11, 2013, Pages 753~766
DOI : 10.14400/JDPM.2013.11.11.753
Even though civilization is developing at a fast rate, human beings and their living environments do not look happy. Given that the civilization comes from the human mind, which is changing in interaction with human body, society, and nature, it is hard to think that the human mind is changing in the desirable direction. This paper described a whole changing paradigm of the human mind and its causes through the cognitive mechanism in the brain from which all the diverse minds are formed. According to the cognitive mechanism, the human mind can change from the first free and peaceful mind through the middle mind to the last obsessive and anguish mind in accordance with the change of one of the factors in the origin of the human mind. Today's unfavorable changes in human beings, society, and the natural environment including the excessive development of civilization are the results of the undesirable changes of the human mind. This paper specified the respective characteristics of the first, middle, and the last mind and discussed where individuals' minds are and where they are going. Lastly, this paper suggested the specific ways to return to the first original mind based on the cognitive mechanism.
Analysis of the Impact of Smart Grids on Managing EVs' Electrical Loads
Park, Chan-Kook ; Choi, Do-Young ; Kim, Hyun-Jae ;
Journal of Digital Convergence, volume 11, issue 11, 2013, Pages 767~774
DOI : 10.14400/JDPM.2013.11.11.767
The electricity demand and supply could be off balance if several electric vehicles(EVs) were charged at the same time or at peak load times. Therefore, smart grids are necessary to flatten the EVs' electricity demand and to enable EVs to be used as distributed storage devices as electricity demand from EV-charging increases. There are still few quantitative studies on the impact of smart grids on managing EVs' electrical loads. In this study, we analyzed the quantitative impact of smart grids on managing EVs' electrical loads and suggested policy implications. As a result, it is identified that smart grids can manage effectively EVs' impact on electrical grids. The electricity market structure and regulatory framework should support the demonstration and commercialization of smart grid technologies.
A System of Authentication and Security threat solution for N-screen services
Hwang, Deuk-Young ; Moon, Jeong-Kyung ; Kim, Jin-Mook ;
Journal of Digital Convergence, volume 11, issue 11, 2013, Pages 775~781
DOI : 10.14400/JDPM.2013.11.11.775
N-screen is a Service that can be provide for One Service Multi Device. If the network is changed or if the device is changed after authentication the device fits seamlessly send footage. Security threats that occur here have a problem with user authentication. In this paper proposes available in a multi-device the authentication system. Homomorphic Encryption Algorithm of authentication scheme used. Among the authentication mechanism that already exists is a simple and lightweight authentication mechanism. In addition, N-screen service that uses multiple devices is simple authentication process of the device. Review the results of proposed authentication protocol, encryption algorithm to process a small storage capacity and is easy to work in low processor. And was suitable for use with multiple devices.
The golden age of self-development books and healing humanities
Song, Hyeon ; An, Kwan-Su ;
Journal of Digital Convergence, volume 11, issue 11, 2013, Pages 783~793
DOI : 10.14400/JDPM.2013.11.11.783
Neo-liberalism after IMF bailout made the Korean book market flushing with rose due to the alleged self-development books. Vision of self-development books under neoliberal social system is inevitably reduced to a means of capital pursuing commercialization in line with improving the competitiveness of privates through the development of human resources. Characteristics of self-development books, which attributes personal fail to personal responsibility and lack of essential element compared to others in a competitive society, trap individuals forced to choose into anxiety and helplessness. Self-development and healing is a complementary relationship. Human beings needs healing -healing humanities- in the process of self-development. Therefore, humanities should trigger developing and perceiving his own 'reflexive life skills'. Individual's sense of happiness in life and his own experience is very important, and the conscious relationship about their own feelings could elicit 'self-reinforcement'.
A Study of Authentication Scheme using Biometric-Based Effectiveness Analysis in Mobile Devices
Lee, Keun-Ho ;
Journal of Digital Convergence, volume 11, issue 11, 2013, Pages 795~801
DOI : 10.14400/JDPM.2013.11.11.795
As the life which existed only offline has changed into a life part of which is led online, it is an important problem to identify whether an online user is legitimate one or not. Biometric authentication technology was developed to identify the user more correctly either online or in offline daily life. Biometric authentication is a technology where a person is identified by his or her unique characteristics, and is highlighted as a next-generation authentication technology replacing password. There are various kinds of traits unique to each individual, and biometric authentication technologies drawing on such traits use various devices and algorithms. Firstly, this paper classified such various biometric authentication technologies, and analyzed the effects of them when they are applied on smartphone, smartwatch and M2M of the different devices platforms. Secondly, it suggested the effectiveness-based AIB(Authentication for Integrated Biometrics) authentication technique, a comprehensive authentication technique, which can be used in different devices platforms. We have successfully included the establishment scheme of the effectiveness authentication using biometrics.