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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
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Journal of Digital Convergence
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
The Society of Digital Policy and Management
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Volume & Issues
Volume 11, Issue 12 - Dec 2013
Volume 11, Issue 11 - Nov 2013
Volume 11, Issue 10 - Oct 2013
Volume 11, Issue 9 - Sep 2013
Volume 11, Issue 8 - Aug 2013
Volume 11, Issue 7 - Jul 2013
Volume 11, Issue 6 - Jun 2013
Volume 11, Issue 5 - May 2013
Volume 11, Issue 4 - Apr 2013
Volume 11, Issue 3 - Mar 2013
Volume 11, Issue 2 - Feb 2013
Volume 11, Issue 1 - Jan 2013
Selecting the target year
The Role of the Value Added Network Service Industry in the Korean Economy: Using An Input-Output Analysis
Shin, Yong Jea ; Choi, Sung Wook ;
Journal of Digital Convergence, volume 11, issue 12, 2013, Pages 1~10
DOI : 10.14400/JDPM.2013.11.12.1
The value added network service industry has played and important role in the telecommunication service industry and in the economic development of Korea. This study uses input-output analysis to investigate the role of value added network service sector in the Korean national economy for the period 2000, 2005, 2009, focusing on four topics in its application: production inducing effects, value-added inducing effect, employment-inducing effects by demand-driven model and supply shortage effect by supply-driven model, inflation impacts by the Leontief price model, finally analysing inter-industry linkage effects. The results of this study are as follows: production inducing effects analysis 2000 0.5253won to 2009 1.31314won, value-added inducing effects 0.25112won to 0.5337won employment inducing effects from 0.09749 to 0.21025 people grew, the supply shortage effect from 1.29003 to 2.12048won, price impact of Leontief price model was increased from 0.0022% to 0.00258%. Finally, inter-industry linkage effects, appeared to have the characteristics of final demand raw industrial.
Measures for e-Learning Policy Effectiveness Improvement through Analysis of Maturity of Korean Policy Application
Noh, Kyoo-Sung ; Park, Sanghwi ;
Journal of Digital Convergence, volume 11, issue 12, 2013, Pages 11~19
DOI : 10.14400/JDPM.2013.11.12.11
In this study, we analyze how the difficulties of e-learning firms' management affect to the maturity of the practical use of e-learning research & development (R&D) policies. And we explore the method that can enhance the effectiveness of policy. In the pursuit of this purpose, we use the 2012 South Korea e-learning industry survey data. Using variables of recognition of policy, experience of policy, and intention to use of policy, we find the maturity model of six stages. And we analyze the impact of the difficulties of operation, technology development, marketing to the maturity model. As a result, the more e-learning firms have problems of fund management and technology commercialization, they are located the higher maturity of the use of policy. Based on the results of these studies, we discuss the implication for how can enhance the effectiveness of policies.
A Study on the Factors Affecting Residential Satisfaction of Immigrant by Public Land Development
Jeon, Byeong-Joo ;
Journal of Digital Convergence, volume 11, issue 12, 2013, Pages 21~28
DOI : 10.14400/JDPM.2013.11.12.21
This study conducted a survey 361 immigrants by Cheongju Yullyang II Land Development Projects of Chungbuk, Multifunctional Administrative City Construction Projects and analyzes the factor which affects their residential satisfaction. The result of study is as follows. The level of subjects' residential satisfaction is 5.35(SD=1.33) which is average. By looking the level of related factors which affect residential satisfaction, the levels of facilities region and residential environment region are normal. The levels of housing environment and trust of development are lower than the normal. To figure out the factor which affects residential satisfaction, a regression analysis is conducted. The result showed that age of research subject, family type, residence period, physical status, owner or renter, housing environment region, facilities region, residential environment region, and trust of development among factors related to residential satisfaction affect the residential satisfaction. Based on these results, several ways are suggested to improve residential satisfaction of the immigrants.
Adjustment effect of the suitability factors of strategy between Information Technology Outsourcing(ITO)'s influence and outcome factors in Government offices
Jun, Je-Man ; Yi, Seon-Gyu ;
Journal of Digital Convergence, volume 11, issue 12, 2013, Pages 29~40
DOI : 10.14400/JDPM.2013.11.12.29
This study analyzed that adjustment roles of the organization and Information System strategy suitability factors between influence and introduction outcome factors in the IT outsourcing in government offices. Influence factors of IT outsourcing are organization factor(information system maturity, CEO's support), trade factor(asset speciality, uncertainty, using degree of information system), risk factor(risk of security, risk of increase in cost, risk of losing autonomy). And outcome factors are set as economic effect and technology effect. We analyzed that organization and IS strategy suitability factors as moderator variables. Results are the followings. It was analyzed that organization and IS strategy suitability factors are in charge of adjusting role among information system maturity which is lower variable of organization factor, CEO's support, uncertainty of trade factor's lower variable, risk of security which is risk factor's lower variable, risk of increase in cost, loss of autonomy. Therefore, in order for organization to increase the outcome of information technology, organization strategy and IS strategy should be promoted in combined manner. However, it was analyzed that strategy suitability could not take the adjusting role between asset specialty and introduction outcome.
A Study of Management Strategies on CJ E&M, the Leading Firm in the Korean Media industry
Lee, Ji-Heon ; Jung, Hoe-Kyung ;
Journal of Digital Convergence, volume 11, issue 12, 2013, Pages 41~47
DOI : 10.14400/JDPM.2013.11.12.41
In circumstances that case studies of management strategy for the domestic media company were rare, this study was performed case analysis of CJ E&M, representative new media/contents company in Korea. An evolutionary perspective is applied to diversification of the business and the external environmental analysis/resource based view are applied to capability evaluation since the inauguration as analysis frameworks. Unlike other media companies, CJ E&M have increased synergies of scale through horizontal, vertical diversification and superior contents strategies. furthermore, there are many advantages of enthusiasm of the leadership, expertise, high human configuration, creative corporate culture, effective contents portfolio. However, it is necessary to note that too much emphasis on competition and the performance of the organization may make organizational atmosphere rigid and weaken the global competitiveness.
Exploring relationships among Korean Children's Depression, Smartphone Addiction, and School Life Satisfaction: Focusing on Partial Least Square (PLS) Path Modeling
Joo, Jihyuk ;
Journal of Digital Convergence, volume 11, issue 12, 2013, Pages 49~60
DOI : 10.14400/JDPM.2013.11.12.49
The spread of smartphone in Korea causes several side effects and raises concerns. Especially, recently the addiction to smartphone of elementary school children has been paid attention to by their parents, teachers, and so on. After literature review, this research presented hypotheses that depression would affect children's addiction to smartphone positively and school life satisfaction (SLS) negatively, in turn their addiction to smartphone would affect SLS negatively. We employed Partial Least Square (PLS) path modeling to test the hypotheses. We found that all hypotheses were supported. The findings of this study suggest that their families and school authorities should make valid measures to lessen children's depression for preventing addicting to smartphone and, in turn, increasing SLS.
e-MP service activation research to support SME financial settlement
Yoo, Soonduck ; Nam, Gijung ;
Journal of Digital Convergence, volume 11, issue 12, 2013, Pages 61~67
DOI : 10.14400/JDPM.2013.11.12.61
The B2B e-commerce assurance system supports e-commerce purchases by Credit Guarantee Fund. This process seeks to replace a variety of current systems, including B2C, the credit card payment method on B2B, 2001 Credit Guarantee Fund and the Bank, logistics, e-MP (Market Place), and Business-to-business e-MP (business-to-business electronic payment settlement system). Over the past 10 years of its operation, the e-MP service (B2B e-commerce electronic payment systems) has contributed much to the growth of SMEs. The development of business-to-business e-commerce transactions systems and limits have provided a stable purchasing platform, improving corporate competitiveness. However. the project-based scale of credit guarantee institutions has limitations. To overcome these limitations, we propose a new model of direct or indirect government support for small business e-MP projects. This new model will support the B2B electronic commerce by allowing it to directly involve guarantee institutions directly in B2B online transactions. Therefore, this study urges government backing of the SME based B2B online business model with e-MP service.
A Study on the Current Status and Efficient Activation Plan for the Kaesong Industrial Complex Project - Focusing on the survey of South Korean companies in the Kaesong Industrial Complex and an analysis of the main causes of management frustration
Kim, Yang-Su ; Yang, Hae-Sool ;
Journal of Digital Convergence, volume 11, issue 12, 2013, Pages 69~82
DOI : 10.14400/JDPM.2013.11.12.69
This study was aimed to research the problems of business in Special Economic Zone, Kaesong Industrial Complex to relieve the tensions of politics and military ties in the Korean Peninsula and revitalize the Economic Cooperation between South and North Korea, and to suggest the needs of policy alternatives to resolve the problems, and to propose the sustainable developmental strategy to carry forward a enterprise successfully in the view points of companies and Kaesong Industrial Complex. Through the survey of Kaesong Industrial Complex, we reviewed the expected effects of the business. Besides, through this survey, we became aware deeply the actual conditions of the companies that are occupied in the Kaesong Industrial Complex and their mother companies, and the statistically important factors of difficulties in management.
Research on Developing Instructional Design Models for Flipped Learning
Lee, Dong Yub ;
Journal of Digital Convergence, volume 11, issue 12, 2013, Pages 83~92
DOI : 10.14400/JDPM.2013.11.12.83
An emerging learning method, flipped learning, has gained much interest lately due to its process involving prior study followed by the students' classroom involvement, which direction matches that of the current educational policy that emphasizes self-directed learning. This study investigated the concept of flipped learning and explored ways to develop instructional design models that utilize it. Flipped learning is not a model that has been recently developed, as it uses the format of blended learning with the introduction of a new concept of prior learning that allows students to learn in advance through online lessons and video clips related with the classroom content to be covered. During class time, individualized supplementary or in-depth study is conducted on the basis of the students' prior learning. The main considerations for designing flipped learning are a flexible classroom environment, a shift in learning culture, intentional classroom content, and educators equipped with professional capability. The research proposes the development of instructional design models for flipped learning pursuant to such concept and considerations. Through this research, the concept of flipped learning can be comprehended; furthermore, flipped learning can be utilized more effectively in the teaching and learning environment.
Determinants of Tourist Expenditure on 2013 Gangneung Dano Festival
Jeong, Ug-Yeong ; Han, Jin-Young ;
Journal of Digital Convergence, volume 11, issue 12, 2013, Pages 93~100
DOI : 10.14400/JDPM.2013.11.12.93
This paper analyzes determinants of tourist consumption in the case of 2013 Gangneung Dano Festival, based on the multiple regression model. We set 12 determinants of consumption such as income as explanatory variables and consumption expenditure as a dependent variable. Also Five kinds of categorical consumptions are estimated. Main results are the followings. First, income is the most important factor and shows positive effect in tourist consumption. Second, age and metropolitan area influence consumption positively. Third number of participating day and length of stay also influence consumption positively. Fourth, number of accompanying person shows negative effect on consumption. Fifth, male, married person, and lodge with own expense influence consumption positively. Finally, categorical consumption has its specific determinants distinct from common factors This paper can be applied to invent and implement efficient strategies for development in regional economies and tour industries.
Creative Economy Activation Policy using Virtual Cluster-type Dynamic Collaboration Platform
Lee, Kark-Bum ; Kim, Joon-Ho ;
Journal of Digital Convergence, volume 11, issue 12, 2013, Pages 101~111
DOI : 10.14400/JDPM.2013.11.12.101
Start-up support policy is expanding for the activation of creative economy. Domestic start-up is activated in early 2000, but is shrinked rapidly because there is not enough collaborative system of R&D, start-up, finance, and management support. Many organizations and collaborative environment in Silicon valley of USA is developed for long time. In Korea, creative economy is constructing rapidly led by government like building industrialization and information society. VCDP(Virtual Cluster-type Dynamic Collaboration Platform) is a good tool for the start-up support policy. This study explains the necessity and effectiveness of VCDP and suggests creative activation policy using this tool.
A Exploratory Study on Big-data based Election Campaign Strategy Model in South Korea
Noh, Kyoo-Sung ;
Journal of Digital Convergence, volume 11, issue 12, 2013, Pages 113~120
DOI : 10.14400/JDPM.2013.11.12.113
The victory of Barack Obama in the presidential reelection, in which he got closer to voters by scientific election strategy based on data, is making a new paradigm of this scientific election mechanism. But it is within bounds to say that Korean election has developed based on emotional confrontation, rather than on the confrontation of policy or personal qualification. This study suggests a Big data-based election campaign strategy in an effort to reduce the harmful consequences of Korean election and to settle down a desirable campaign culture. To do so, this study examines the actual status and problems of Korean politics and election campaign. And then it designs a Korean election strategy model using Big data as an alternative to break through the problems. Last, it discusses the plan to utilize Big data.
Relations between the Middle Aged's Perception of Successful Aging and their Preparations for the Old Age
Kang, Sung-Ok ; Ha, Kyu-Soo ;
Journal of Digital Convergence, volume 11, issue 12, 2013, Pages 121~144
DOI : 10.14400/JDPM.2013.11.12.121
The purpose of this study is to explore the effects of the middle aged's perception of successful aging on their preparations for the old age. We used data from 350 participants, aged 35-64 in Seoul-Gyonggi region. The hierachial regression analysis estimated the relation between the middle aged's perception on successful aging and their preparations for the old age. The findings indicate that the middle aged's level of preparations for the old age was slightly higher than average. The level of their emotional preparation appeared highest and the level of economical preparation showed lowest. The perception of successful aging indicated relatively high, and especially the level of comfortable everyday life showed highest. The results also showed that personal characteristics influencing on preparations for the old age were sex, age, marriage status, religion, occupation, monthly income, health condition, level of plan for the old age, and social activities frequency, and demonstrated that the perception of successful aging effected on preparations for the old age positively.
The Affects of Characteristics of CEO, Competence on Corporate Strategy and Organizational effectiveness in Venture Companies
Lee, Sang-Baek ; Yang, Hae-Sool ;
Journal of Digital Convergence, volume 11, issue 12, 2013, Pages 145~154
DOI : 10.14400/JDPM.2013.11.12.145
This research draws the factors of managerial performance that was verified by research model and hypothesis after considering research type, factors of performance and research model. The result of this research is as below. Firstly, psychological traits, capabilities of CEO is positively correlated with cost superior tactic and organizational effectiveness Secondly, entrepreneurial capability of CEO is positively correlated with organizational effectiveness for and managerial capability of CEO is positively correlated with cost superior tactic and technical capability of CEO is positively correlated with organizational effectiveness. Thirdly, technical resource is positively correlated with product innovation differentiation tactic, and organizational effectiveness and finance resource is positively correlated with marketing differentiation tactic and organizational effectiveness, and marketing capability is positively correlated with product differentiation tactic, marketing. Fourthly, product innovation-differentiation tactic, marketing differentiation tactic, and cost superior tactic are positively correlated with organizational effectiveness.
Factor Analysis of the Cloud Service Adoption Intension of Korean Firms: Applying the TAM and VAM
Seo, Kwang-Kyu ;
Journal of Digital Convergence, volume 11, issue 12, 2013, Pages 155~160
DOI : 10.14400/JDPM.2013.11.12.155
The global recession circumstances, cloud computing has emerged as a new paradigm in the business IT sector. This paper explores the analysis of cloud service adoption Intension of Korean firms. Especially, we focus on Infrastructure as a Service (IaaS) among cloud services and apply TAM (Technology Acceptance Model) and VAM (Value-based Adoption Model) to analyze cloud service adoption intension The proposed exploratory model tests a number of hypotheses to understand the importance factors of IaaS adoption intension with TAM and VAM included additional cloud service characteristics such as scalability, agility, security, efficiency and reliability. Eventually, the findings of this study can not only help company users gain insights into IaaS adoption, but also help cloud service providers to develop their service effectively and improve marketing strategy in B2B cloud service market.
The Development of Measures for Learning Processes
Yim, Myung-Seong ; Nah, Jung-Ok ; Lee, Sang Hyun ;
Journal of Digital Convergence, volume 11, issue 12, 2013, Pages 161~168
DOI : 10.14400/JDPM.2013.11.12.161
For the successful implementation of IT projects, individual consultant's competency in the project is very important. Especially, learning processes are required for solving various critical issues which can be occurred during implementing IT project. The objective of this research is to develop the measures for learning processes. Prior to setup the learning processes, we conducted 3 times in-depth interviews with IT consultants who have over 20 years IT project experiences. Through interviews with IT project expert, we tried to validate our research mode and develop survey questionnaires.
Structural Relationships between Online Wine Store Quality, Trust, and Perceived Risk
Kim, Yoo-Jung ; Kang, Sora ; Hang, Soo-Jin ;
Journal of Digital Convergence, volume 11, issue 12, 2013, Pages 169~183
DOI : 10.14400/JDPM.2013.11.12.169
As the issue of selling wine online has been raised in an attempt to implement FTA programs in a more effective way, wine will be available online in the near future in Korea. Thus, this study aimed at identifying key factors which will contribute to reduce various kinds of risks perceived by online customers, and investigating the structural relationships between those factors and perceived risks. Site quality of online wine shop(information quality, system quality), trust in online wine shop were selected as key predictors of perceived risks and research model was established using those factors. Data were collected from those who have experienced in using online wine store, and the research model was tested using valid data. Results of testing research hypotheses using data from survey respondents showed that information and system quality exerted an impact on trust in online wine shop. It was proven that information and system quality posited an impact on time risk whereas they was not related to performance and psychological risk. In addition, trust in online wine shop was shown to be related to time risk, performance risk, and psychological risk.
A Study on the Influence of Dimensions of Learning Organization to Job Satisfaction: Mediating Effect of Job Embeddedness
Lee, Sun-Kyu ; Choi, Dong-Guk ; Kang, Eun-Gu ; Lee, Seung-Woo ;
Journal of Digital Convergence, volume 11, issue 12, 2013, Pages 185~192
DOI : 10.14400/JDPM.2013.11.12.185
The main purpose of the stuey is the impacts of applying two dimensions of Learning Organization on Job Satisfaction and the mediating effect of the Job Embeddedness. As a result, Structural Factor had not positive effect and Human Factor had positive effect on the Job Satisfaction. The mediating effect of Job Embeddedness had significant effect between Learning Organization and Job Satisfaction. The result of this study is not presented at the existing research. Therefore, the results have many theoretical and practical implications.
An Empirical Study of Relationships among Stress, Mindfulness and Life Satisfaction among University Students Across University Class Levels
Lim, Se Hun ;
Journal of Digital Convergence, volume 11, issue 12, 2013, Pages 193~199
DOI : 10.14400/JDPM.2013.11.12.193
Today, university students are suffering from various stresses such as individual capacity development, school score management, human relationships, job placement, and English study for preparation as member of society the future. However, stress of students decreases stabilization of mind and aggravate feeling of satisfaction of life. In this research, we examined the relationships among stress, mindfulness and life satisfaction among university students. In addition, we analyzed the moderating effect as university class levels on stress and life satisfaction using partial least squares. This results provide useful implications for decreasing stress, improving mindfulness, and increasing life satisfaction among university students.
Comparison of Customer Satisfaction Indices Using Different Methods of Weight Calculation
Lee, Sang-Jun ; Kim, Yong-Tae ; Kim, Seong-Yoon ;
Journal of Digital Convergence, volume 11, issue 12, 2013, Pages 201~211
DOI : 10.14400/JDPM.2013.11.12.201
This study compares Customer Satisfaction Index(CSI) and the weight for each dimension by applying various methods of weight calculation and attempts to suggest some implications. For the purpose, the study classified the methods of weight calculation into the subjective method and the statistical method. Constant sum scale was used for the subjective method, and the statistical method was again segmented into correlation analysis, principal component analysis, factor analysis, structural equation model. The findings showed that there is difference between the weights from the subjective method and the statistical method. The order of the weights by the analysis methods were classified with similar patterns. Besides, the weight for each dimension by different methods of weight calculation showed considerable deviation and revealed the difference of discrimination and stability among the dimensions. Lastly, the CSI calculated by various methods of weight calculation showed to be the highest in structural equation model, followed by in the order of regression analysis, correlation analysis, arithmetic mean, principal component analysis, constant sum scale and factor analysis. The CSI calculated by each method showed to have statistically significant difference.
Effect of Small and Medium-sized Enterprises' Technological Competitiveness and Technology Marketing on Commercialization Performance
Kang, Man-Young ; Jeon, In-Oh ;
Journal of Digital Convergence, volume 11, issue 12, 2013, Pages 213~227
DOI : 10.14400/JDPM.2013.11.12.213
The purpose of this paper is to study the effects of SMEs' technological competitiveness and technology marketing on commercialization performance. For this, we conducted a survey targeting 204 people who are in charge of new product or technology development in SMEs which possess corporate R&D center authorized by the government on technological competitiveness, technology marketing and commercialization performance. The paper studied the effects of technological competitiveness on technology marketing and commercialization performance, technology marketing on commercialization performance. Empirical analysis shows follow results. First, technological competitiveness which includes technology innovation capability, technology commercialization capability and R&D intensity (investment on R&D personnel) have a positive effect on technology marketing. Second, technology commercialization capability have a positive effect on commercialization sales performance & commercialization non-sales performance, R&D intensity (investment on R&D physical) have a positive effect on commercialization non-sales performance. Third, high core technology and enabling technology on technology marketing result in better commercialization performance. As a result, technology-centered SMEs need to make continuous efforts to elevate technological competitiveness factors such as technology innovation capability, technology commercialization capability and R&D intensity.
The Relationship between Work-Family Facilitation and Organizational Commitment: Moderating Effect of Perceived Organizational Support
Jung, Se-Hee ; Son, Ah-Jin ; Cha, Yunsuk ;
Journal of Digital Convergence, volume 11, issue 12, 2013, Pages 229~236
DOI : 10.14400/JDPM.2013.11.12.229
This study defined that the construct of work-family is not the opposite meaning but the construct having positive synergy effects each other. For more meaningful implications to HR partitioner in the era of smart working, Data collection was done from the manufacturing companies in Kyungsangnamdo and hierarchical regression was conducted. we investigated the relationship between work-family facilitation and organizational commitment and moderating effect of perceived organizational support between work-family facilitation and organizational commitment. Based on the result, we have proposed some implications. First, we should study more detail processes between work-family facilitation and organizational commitment not only continuous commitment but also affective and normative commitment. Second, we could know that not only work-family balance but also work-family facilitation could positively impact on organizational commitment, there when we design the job of employees, we should consider the family issues of job holder.
Global company with a focus on case analysis of the longevity factor
Choi, Seung-Il ; Kim, Dong-Il ;
Journal of Digital Convergence, volume 11, issue 12, 2013, Pages 237~243
DOI : 10.14400/JDPM.2013.11.12.237
Companies engaged in the enterprise, while still at the start will have social responsibility. But recently, more and more companies will shorten the life expectancy of a corporate environment and is also rapidly changing. In this study, the longevity of global enterprises through the company's longevity factor analysis, that has continued to gain corporate answer. DuPont's global corporate giant Siemens and the longevity of the two factors in analyzing the factors that change the business portfolio, risk management, and continuous research and development, trust management, environmental management and other factors have been described. This ongoing internal and external environment analysis and core competencies by strengthening the implementation of responsible management as the core of the upcoming general management are appearing.
The Determinants of Switching On·Off-Line Channels for Consumers
Jun, Sangmin ;
Journal of Digital Convergence, volume 11, issue 12, 2013, Pages 245~256
DOI : 10.14400/JDPM.2013.11.12.245
This study illustrates factors that determine consumer types based on ways in which they alternate between online and offline channels for searching and eventually buying their desired products. This study conducted an online survey targeting 1,040 consumers. As per the study, consumer types fall into five groups: 1) on-on type(online search
online buying), 2) off-off type(offline search
offline buying), 3) on-off type(online search
offline buying), 4) off-on type(offline search
online buying), and, 5) on-off-on type(online search
nline buying). The primary factors that determine how the different consumer types switch between online and offline channels are price orientation, convenience orientation,, risk-aversion orientation, and channel familiarity. Although they feel cross-channel shopping can be cumbersome, the findings show that cross-channel consumers would gladly switch channels to buy cheaper and proven products. The findings of this study will be useful for businesses that have both online and offline channels and point out the theoretical aspects of the decision-making process as consumers switch between channels.
A Study on Improving Transparency in Accounting for Sustainable Growth of Korean Companies
Lee, Gyeong-Rak ;
Journal of Digital Convergence, volume 11, issue 12, 2013, Pages 257~264
DOI : 10.14400/JDPM.2013.11.12.257
The purpose of this study is to propose plans of accounting transparency enhancement for Korean firms' sustainable growth and moral management. Moral management is not optional but essential strategy under global competitive circumstances. It has been proved that sustainable growth was possible through moral management. The plans of accounting transparency enhancement obtained from this study are as below. The implementation of early childhood education on the role and function of accounting, including contents related accounting ethics in university business curriculum or accounting curriculum, including contents related accounting(management) ethics in various accounting qualification examination, building and utilization of systematic knowledge base on accounting fraud, strengthen supervision for implementation of stable and reliable K-IFRS, improving public ethics through strengthening ethical awareness, devotion of community leaders for the nation and society etc.
The Optimal Inventory Modeling and The Cost Sensitivity Analysis with Reducing Inventory Investment
Kwon, Hee-Chul ;
Journal of Digital Convergence, volume 11, issue 12, 2013, Pages 265~274
DOI : 10.14400/JDPM.2013.11.12.265
The business cycle during a recession leads to negative effects on raising funds and operations management of company. In particular, the company with many inventories in the recession causes liquidity problem. Which leads to frustration in the competitive strategy management. In this case the company experiencing cash or liquidity problems attempts to reduce its investment in inventory. However, reducing inventory investment makes problems to increase inventory operating costs. This paper presents sensitivity of total cost compared to the size for reducing inventory investment. This will guarantee the relevance of the reducing inventory investment. Optimal Inventory levels also may be required to be less than the optimal levels without reduction on inventory investments.
An Effect of Business Service Industry on Korean National Economy using An Input-Output Analysis
Shin, Yong Jae ; Yim, Myung-Seong ;
Journal of Digital Convergence, volume 11, issue 12, 2013, Pages 275~285
DOI : 10.14400/JDPM.2013.11.12.275
As the world economy has been changed into the knowledge-based society, all economic activities have globalized and intensified competition in the marketplace, and the forces of these changes are even more aggressively pressuring today's business. According to many businesses are focused on the core competence and various functions are outsourced by service providers, many firms pay heavily attention to business service. Although the importance of business service, domestic business service industry shows a low labor productivity. On the other hand, foreign business service companies in korea take a substantial portion of business service market. Thus, domestic business service needs to increase a competitiveness because of potential growth opportunities. This study attempts to find out the ripple effect of business service industry on other industry.
Research about Influence of Physical Service Educational Environment on Self-Esteem and Company's Loyalty -On the Physical Evidence of Education Service-
Kang, Mi-Ra ;
Journal of Digital Convergence, volume 11, issue 12, 2013, Pages 287~294
DOI : 10.14400/JDPM.2013.11.12.287
Recently, Universities's idea of employment are activity discussed. Especially, Service oriented departments' argument about the curriculum and the environment tests its accomplishment with value in employment. Therefore, this study has been done on the department of airline service which has representation of employment. This study determines the condition and the position of the department of airline services that it estimates the future service orientation in organizations placing education. It appeared that self-esteem affected Physical environment, and service effect quality as a company's loyalty. Accordingly, to improve self-esteem working staff in service should be improved. And other various measures education service quality, self-esteem, and company's loyalty should be taken as well.
Improve the Performance of People Detection using Fisher Linear Discriminant Analysis in Surveillance
Kang, Sung-Kwan ; Lee, Jung-Hyun ;
Journal of Digital Convergence, volume 11, issue 12, 2013, Pages 295~302
DOI : 10.14400/JDPM.2013.11.12.295
Many reported methods assume that the people in an image or an image sequence have been identified and localization. People detection is one of very important variable to affect for the system's performance as the basis technology about the detection of other objects and interacting with people and computers, motion recognition. In this paper, we present an efficient linear discriminant for multi-view people detection. Our approaches are based on linear discriminant. We define training data with fisher Linear discriminant to efficient learning method. People detection is considerably difficult because it will be influenced by poses of people and changes in illumination. This idea can solve the multi-view scale and people detection problem quickly and efficiently, which fits for detecting people automatically. In this paper, we extract people using fisher linear discriminant that is hierarchical models invariant pose and background. We estimation the pose in detected people. The purpose of this paper is to classify people and non-people using fisher linear discriminant.
The Transmission Performance Analysis and Security Policy in Tactical Communication Environment
Hong, Jinkeun ;
Journal of Digital Convergence, volume 11, issue 12, 2013, Pages 303~309
DOI : 10.14400/JDPM.2013.11.12.303
This paper analyzed about operation environment and policy for US military tactical communication, and security policy and transmission performance of tactical link. It is presented operation communication message and framework, which is supported semi automated force, SINCGARS specification of link layer in operation environment, and analyzed COMSEC policy and application layer security in tactical security policy. Also it analyzed in respect to transmission performance and crypto synchronization detection. Security policy of tactical link and COMSEC is analyzed in respect of crypto device such as AFKDMS, AKMS, RBECS, KIV-7/HSB.
Efficient Secret Sharing Data Management Scheme for Privacy Protection in Smart Grid Environment
Lee, Sung-Yong ; Yeo, Sang-Soo ;
Journal of Digital Convergence, volume 11, issue 12, 2013, Pages 311~318
DOI : 10.14400/JDPM.2013.11.12.311
It is very important to design security policy and technical framework on sensitive private data in order to protect user privacy in smart grid environment. This paper introduces secret data sharing schemes proposed for privacy protection in smart grid, and presents technical problems of them. The proposed scheme in this paper, reduces the number of rounds in sharing process and also in restoration process, and can select how many databases would be used, so eventually it shows enhancements in terms of efficiency and security.
The Assessing Comparative Study for Statistical Process Control of Software Reliability Model Based on Logarithmic Learning Effects
Kim, Kyung-Soo ; Kim, Hee-Cheul ;
Journal of Digital Convergence, volume 11, issue 12, 2013, Pages 319~326
DOI : 10.14400/JDPM.2013.11.12.319
There are many software reliability models that are based on the times of occurrences of errors in the debugging of software. Software error detection techniques known in advance, but influencing factors for considering the errors found automatically and learning factors, by prior experience, to find precisely the error factor setting up the testing manager are presented comparing the problem. It is shown that it is possible to do asymptotic likelihood inference for software reliability models based on infinite failure model and non-homogeneous Poisson Processes (NHPP). Statistical process control (SPC) can monitor the forecasting of software failure and thereby contribute significantly to the improvement of software reliability. Control charts are widely used for software process control in the software industry. In this paper, we proposed a control mechanism based on NHPP using mean value function of logarithmic hazard learning effects property.
XSS Attack and Countermeasure: Survey
Hong, Sunghyuck ;
Journal of Digital Convergence, volume 11, issue 12, 2013, Pages 327~332
DOI : 10.14400/JDPM.2013.11.12.327
XSS is an attacker on the other party of the browser that is allowed to run the script. It is seized session of the users, or web site modulation, malicious content insertion, and phishing attack which is available. XSS attacks are stored XSS and reflected XSS. In that, two branch attacks. The form of XSS attacks are cookie sniffing, script encryption, bypass, the malignant cord diffusion, Key Logger, Mouse Sniffer, and addition of lie information addition. XSS attacks are target of attack by script language. Therefore, the countermeasure of XSS is presented and proposed to improve web security.
Construction Design 3D Modeling in Smart Phone
Han, Jung-Soo ;
Journal of Digital Convergence, volume 11, issue 12, 2013, Pages 333~338
DOI : 10.14400/JDPM.2013.11.12.333
This paper was aimed to represent 3D design process to enable the construction design in a smart phone. The construction design was done in pattern units, by composing construction materials in components first, followed by assembling the components in pattern. Four types of views were constructed and each function was described to enable construction design in mobile environment. In addition, the skills needed for each view were described in detail through the libraries used. The process and calculation results were shown in mobiles how each view performed its function and behave worked together with a complementary way based on this implementation technique.
Bluetooth based Portable Healthcare Gateway Development for Hypertention Patients
Kim, Jong-Tak ; Soh, Jae-Young ; Kim, Jong-Hun ; Kang, Un-Gu ;
Journal of Digital Convergence, volume 11, issue 12, 2013, Pages 339~344
DOI : 10.14400/JDPM.2013.11.12.339
With the increasing number of chronic disease patients, the importance of everyday health care has grown more significant. The study researchers expected it would help for patients' health improvement and healthcare service expansion if users check their vital signs in their daily lives and send the results to a medical center's servers through a specific device automatically. This thesis, in line with this idea, seeks to develop a portable healthcare gateway. The gateway is designed in a USB type and can transmit standardized data, operating regardless of a user's location and Personal Healthcare Devices (PHDs). The developed portable healthcare gateway provides effective services in ubiquitous environments to customers, which will improve the health of chronic patients.
A Study of Depth Estimate using GPGPU in Monocular Image
Yoo, Tae Hoon ; Lee, Gang Seong ; Park, Young Soo ; Lee, Jong Yong ; Lee, Sang Hun ;
Journal of Digital Convergence, volume 11, issue 12, 2013, Pages 345~352
DOI : 10.14400/JDPM.2013.11.12.345
In this paper, a depth estimate method is proposed using GPU(Graphics Processing Unit) in monocular image. a monocular image is a 2D image with missing 3D depth information due to the camera projection and we used a monocular cue to recover the lost depth information by the projection present. The proposed algorithm uses an energy function which takes a variety of cues to create a more generalized and reliable depth map. But, a processing time is late because energy function is defined from the various monocular cues. Therefore, we propose a depth estimate method using GPGPU(General Purpose Graphics Processing Unit). The objective effectiveness of the algorithm is shown using PSNR(Peak Signal to Noise Ratio), a processing time is decrease by 61.22%.
A study on service matching information for Web services Selection and process
Sim, Sung-Ho ;
Journal of Digital Convergence, volume 11, issue 12, 2013, Pages 353~359
DOI : 10.14400/JDPM.2013.11.12.353
The search method that web services offers has its limitations. The search service considers only functional factors based on the client's preferences. In order to improve the web service search - which alone only considers functional factors - our research introduces an execution phase which performs both functional and non-functional factors by utilizing WSDL and matching information. Our research studies the architecture of both the service selecting method and the selecting process to help determine the best service solution for the client. We do so, taking into consideration the client's preferences. Our research also studies selecting methods for the best overall service. This service not only considers the matching of functional factors provided by the web service's selecting process, but it is also accommodating by matching the information as defined by the client. This paper research can offer the best quality service preferred by any end-user. Again, this is done by utilizing web services that considers the user's non-functional factors identified by the web service's selecting process and also by extracting matching information.
A Security Enhancement Method for Web Service
Lee, Seong-Hoon ;
Journal of Digital Convergence, volume 11, issue 12, 2013, Pages 361~366
DOI : 10.14400/JDPM.2013.11.12.361
As the Internet has been growing, WWW(World Wide Web) based services were popularized and users using the service were increased excessively. Recently, the instances of communications between the applications and interaction applications using the Web services in the implementation of the business logics among the enterprises are spread widely. Therefore, it has been emphasized quality and security of web services. In this paper, we described standard trends for web servises. And we analyzed the security policies to protect user's informations. Eventually, We described a security enhancement method for web service.
Secure Data Gathering Protocol over Wireless Sensor Network
Choi, Hae-Won ; Ryoo, Myung-Chun ; Lee, Chae-Soo ; Kim, Hyun-Sung ;
Journal of Digital Convergence, volume 11, issue 12, 2013, Pages 367~380
DOI : 10.14400/JDPM.2013.11.12.367
A secure data gathering in a Wireless Sensor Network(WSN) has given attention to one of security issues. In general, the process of secure data gathering causes difficulties: one process is exchanging the secured data and the other is constructing secured data path. The previous studies have been resolving the difficulties in terms of two problems: security and data gathering in WSNs. However, a WSN requires a protocol that has to guarantee a security of path between sensors and sink, or a cluster head. Thus how to gather data securely is an important issue. In this paper, we propose a secure data gathering protocol over WSNs, which consists of hierarchical key settlement and secure path construction, and aims at tackling two problems. The proposed protocol causes little overhead to sensor nodes for secured key settlement and path construction. This work provides security analysis focused on the key settlement protocol and evaluates network performance for the proposed data gathering protocol through simulation.
A High-Interaction Client Honeypot on Android Platform
Jung, Hyun-Mi ; Son, Seung-Wan ; Kim, Kwang-Seok ; Lee, Gang-Soo ;
Journal of Digital Convergence, volume 11, issue 12, 2013, Pages 381~386
DOI : 10.14400/JDPM.2013.11.12.381
As the new variation malicious codes of android platform are drastically increasing, the preparation plan and response is needed. We proposed a high-interaction client honeypot that applied to the android platform. We designed flow for the system. Application plan and the function was analyze. Each detail module was optimized in the Android platform. The system is equipped with the advantage of the high-interaction client honeypot of PC environment. Because the management and storage server was separated it is more flexible and expanded.
The meaning of experience and immersion to the diffusion of digital contents and consumption behavior based on arousal
Kim, Yeonjeong ;
Journal of Digital Convergence, volume 11, issue 12, 2013, Pages 387~392
DOI : 10.14400/JDPM.2013.11.12.387
The purpose of this study investigate the main factors of the diffusion of digital contents and consumer's participation behavior, consumption culture and examine the experiential perspective to consumer's information selection behavior. In digital network, the social presence, challenge, self-presentation, arousal and emotional feeling were significant variables to flow experience. Experiential perspectives focused on the search of identity and self-determination were main basic perspective to explain the diffusion of digital contents, consumer participation. This research result applied to media and device strategy to up-coming digital convergence and adapted to product planning and development, user friendly navigation and emotional human-centered service module.
Service Management Scheme using Security Identification Information adopt to Big Data Environment
Jeong, Yoon-Su ; Han, Kun-Hee ;
Journal of Digital Convergence, volume 11, issue 12, 2013, Pages 393~399
DOI : 10.14400/JDPM.2013.11.12.393
Recently, the quantity and type of data that is being processed in cloud environment are varied. A method for easy access in different network in a heterogeneous environment of big data stored in the device is required. This paper propose security management method for smoothly access to big data in other network environment conjunction with attribute information between big data and user. The proposed method has a high level of safety even if user-generated random bit signal is modulated. The proposed method is sufficient to deliver any number of bits the user to share information used to secure recognition. Also, the security awareness information bit sequence generated by a third party to avoid unnecessary exposure value by passing a hash chain of the user anonymity is to be guaranteed to receive.
Optimum Transmission Method with Energy Saving and Frame length on the Adaptive Modulation Mobile System
Oh, Euy-Kyo ;
Journal of Digital Convergence, volume 11, issue 12, 2013, Pages 401~406
DOI : 10.14400/JDPM.2013.11.12.401
In this paper, the optimum transmission method is proposed to save the energy and to increase the throughput of the adaptive modulation mobile radio system with frame length control. Traditionally, adaptive modulation has been used to improve the throughput using the power margin of the system design. Considering the frame length vs energy saving and adaptive modulation, the optimum transmission method is proposed for hub and mobile station each.
A Study on Integration Security Management Model in Cloud Environment
Byun, Yun Sang ; Kwak, Jin ;
Journal of Digital Convergence, volume 11, issue 12, 2013, Pages 407~415
DOI : 10.14400/JDPM.2013.11.12.407
Recently, Interest variety of IT services and computing resources are increasing. As a result, the interest in the security of cloud environments is also increasing. Cloud environment is stored that to provide services to a large amount of IT resources on the Cloud. Therefore, Cloud is integrity of the stored data and resources that such as data leakage, forgery, etc. security incidents that the ability to quickly process is required. However, the existing developed various solutions or studies without considering their cloud environment for development and research to graft in a cloud environment because it has been difficult. Therefore, we proposed wire-wireless integrated Security management Model in cloud environment.
Design of a 5-patch GPS array antenna for anti-jamming
Chae, Gyoo-Soo ; Lim, Joong-Soo ;
Journal of Digital Convergence, volume 11, issue 12, 2013, Pages 417~422
DOI : 10.14400/JDPM.2013.11.12.417
In this paper, the implementation of a null-steering antenna array using GPS patch antennas is suggested. The antenna array consists of five patch antenna elements fabricated on the ceramic substrate. The antenna element proposed here is a typical circular polarization patch and a prototype patch array antenna is manufactured on the PCB. The antenna has one reference element located at the center and other four elements are placed at the corners. A null in the direction of the jamming signal can be produced by changing the phases of 4-elements. Simulation results of the array antenna by CST MWS are presented and discussed. The basic performances are measured and the results are shown. The results show that the antenna presented here can be used to remove the signals from the directions of any jammers.
Secure One-Time Password Authentication in Mobile Environments
Kim, Dong-Ryool ;
Journal of Digital Convergence, volume 11, issue 12, 2013, Pages 423~430
DOI : 10.14400/JDPM.2013.11.12.423
With the active Internet e-commerce and the financial sector, mutual authentication between users and service providers has become very important. Because ID- and password-based authentication is of low security, one-time password authentication methods are widely used. The existing one-time password authentication scheme of S/Key authentication method is fraught with a number of issues in addition to plain text transmission, and the method of Kim Gong-ki et al. does not offer suggestions for session key generation and distribution method. Proposed in this paper is a protocol that solves these problems.
Intelligent Recommendation Processor Simulation using Association Relationship
Han, Jung-Soo ;
Journal of Digital Convergence, volume 11, issue 12, 2013, Pages 431~438
DOI : 10.14400/JDPM.2013.11.12.431
In this paper we proposed a intelligent recommendation processor that the type of auto parts failures that may occur in the checkout process is represented by association relationship and the relationship was implemented with ontology. For this purpose, we defined 10 kinds of failure types and their associated parts, and we designed to simulate the recommendation process of five views. For components to be checked with the type of fault, it was possible to be expansion recommendation to the intelligent by controlling the weight value according to the relationship on the components.
Support of Reuse in Scrum Method with Backlog Binder
Kim, Ji-Hong ;
Journal of Digital Convergence, volume 11, issue 12, 2013, Pages 439~445
DOI : 10.14400/JDPM.2013.11.12.439
There has been a growing amount of research on combining Agile methods and software reuse. Most of it introduces Agile into software product line rather than software reuse into Scrum method. Meanwhile, some assets such as backlogs and incremental artifacts in Scrum development are reusable. In this paper, we identify a backlog binder that aggregates reusable Scrum assets and proposes a backlog binder reuse technique. In addition, we can apply the proposed technique and show prototyping of backlog binder reuse in job matching applications.
Security Review of B-MAC Communication Protocol
Hong, Jinkeun ;
Journal of Digital Convergence, volume 11, issue 12, 2013, Pages 447~452
DOI : 10.14400/JDPM.2013.11.12.447
Berkley Media Access Control (B-MAC) protocol is one of the well-known MAC protocols, which uses adaptive preamble sampling scheme and is designed for wireless sensor networks (WSN). In this paper, we are reviewed about security vulnerability in B-MAC, and analyzed the power which is consumed at each stage of B-MAC protocol according to vulnerability of denial of sleep(DoS) and replay problem. From our analytical results, it can be considered the need of power efficient authentication scheme which provides the reliability, efficiency, and security for a general B-MAC communication. This is the case study of possible DoS vulnerability and its power consumption in B-MAC.
Disconnection of Wireless LAN Attack and Countermeasure
Hong, Sunghyuck ;
Journal of Digital Convergence, volume 11, issue 12, 2013, Pages 453~458
DOI : 10.14400/JDPM.2013.11.12.453
In a wireless LAN environment, security is the most important. Security of 802.11 standard has many vulnerabilities of the network attack. IEEE has created mechanisms to security for this vulnerability. But the vulnerabilities is characteristic of broadcast in the air in wireless LAN, it is more disclosure then other network environments. In a wireless LAN environment, it can be accessed to the wireless LAN after authentication. Authentication process is one of most important because of the first security step. However, in the authentication process is not mentioned in the method of reducing the disclosure maximum fundamental. Therefore, in this research, the vulnerability of 802.11 are presented and how to do de-authentication in 802.11.
An Automatic Object Extraction Method Using Color Features Of Object And Background In Image
Lee, Sung Kap ; Park, Young Soo ; Lee, Gang Seong ; Lee, Jong Yong ; Lee, Sang Hun ;
Journal of Digital Convergence, volume 11, issue 12, 2013, Pages 459~465
DOI : 10.14400/JDPM.2013.11.12.459
This paper is a study on an object extraction method which using color features of an object and background in the image. A human recognizes an object through the color difference of object and background in the image. So we must to emphasize the color's difference that apply to extraction result in this image. Therefore, we have converted to HSV color images which similar to human visual system from original RGB images, and have created two each other images that applied Median Filter and we merged two Median filtered images. And we have applied the Mean Shift algorithm which a data clustering method for clustering color features. Finally, we have normalized 3 image channels to 1 image channel for binarization process. And we have created object map through the binarization which using average value of whole pixels as a threshold. Then, have extracted major object from original image use that object map.
Public Key based Secure Data Management Scheme for the Cloud Data Centers in Public Institution
Wi, Yukyeong ; Kwak, Jin ;
Journal of Digital Convergence, volume 11, issue 12, 2013, Pages 467~477
DOI : 10.14400/JDPM.2013.11.12.467
The cloud computing has propagated rapidly and thus there is growing interest on the introduction of cloud services in the public institution. Accordingly, domestic public institution are adoption of cloud computing impose and devise a plan. In addition, more specifically, is building a cloud computing system in the public institution. However, solutions to various security threats(e.g., availability invasion of storage, access by unauthorized attacker, data downloaded from uncertain identifier, decrease the reliability of cloud data centers and so on) is required. For the introduction and revitalize of cloud services in the public institution. Therefore, in this paper, we propose a public key based secure data management scheme for the cloud data centers in public institution. Thus, the use of cloud computing in the public institutions, the only authorized users have access to the data center. And setting for importance and level of difficulty of public data management enables by systematic, secure, and efficient. Thus, cloud services for public institution to improve the overall security and convenience.
Modeling of Virtual Switch in Cloud System
Ro, Cheul-Woo ;
Journal of Digital Convergence, volume 11, issue 12, 2013, Pages 479~485
DOI : 10.14400/JDPM.2013.11.12.479
Virtualization is a promising approach to consolidating multiple online services onto a smaller number of computing resources. A virtualized server environment allows computing resources to be shared among multiple performance isolated platforms called virtual machines. Through server virtualization software, applications servers are encapsulated into VMs, and deployed with APIs on top generalized pools of CPU and memory resources. Networking and security have been moved to a software abstraction layer that transformed computing, network virtualization. And it paves the way for enterprise to rapidly deploy networking and security for any application by creating the virtual network. Stochastic reward net (SRN) is an extension of stochastic Petri nets which provides compact modeling facilities for system analysis. In this paper, we develop SRN model of network virtualization based on virtual switch. Measures of interest such as switching delay and throughput are considered. These measures are expressed in terms of the expected values of reward rate functions for SRNs. Numerical results are obtained according to the virtual switch capacity and number of active VMs.
Effects of Mechanical Horseback Riding Training on Trunk Control and Balance function in Stroke patients
Song, Myung-Soo ; Kang, Tae-Woo ; Kim, Su-Mi ; Noh, Hyeon-Jeong ;
Journal of Digital Convergence, volume 11, issue 12, 2013, Pages 487~494
DOI : 10.14400/JDPM.2013.11.12.487
The purpose of this study was to determine the effect of mechanical horseback riding training on trunk control, balance function in stroke patients. 15 stroke patients were recruited for this study. The subjects were randomly assigned to two groups: experimental(n=7) and control(n=8). All subjects received a routine physical therapy. The mechanical horseback riding training was for 30 min in the case of the EG subjects. This study was carried out approximately 8 weeks from March 4 to May 3. The assessment tools of this study involved the trunk control test, postural assessment scale for stroke, Berg balance scale and timed up and go test. The measurements were recorded before the intervention and after the intervention. In the cases of the EG subjects and CG subjects, the variables measured after the intervention significantly differed from trunk control test, postural assessment scale for stroke, Berg balance scale and timed up and go test before the intervention (p<.05). Also, there were significant differences in trunk control test, postural assessment scale for stroke, Berg balance scale and timed up and go test at post test between the 2 groups (p<.05). The findings indicate that mechanical horseback riding training exerts a positive effect on trunk control, balance function in stroke patients. Further studies are required to generalize the result of this study.
The Effects on Aromatherapy and Foot Reflex Massage on the Cognition, Anxiety, Aggressive Behavior and Wandering Behavior of Elderly with Dementia
Lee, Sun-Young ; Lee, Jeong-Sook ;
Journal of Digital Convergence, volume 11, issue 12, 2013, Pages 495~505
DOI : 10.14400/JDPM.2013.11.12.495
This study aims to evaluate the effects of aromatherapy and a foot reflex massage program on the cognition, anxiety, aggressive behavior, and wandering behavior of elderly with dementia. The research design was a non-equivalent control group, quasi-experimental study where 43 subjects were divided into two groups. Aromatherapy and foot reflex massage was administered to the experimental group (N=21), and no treatment was administered to the control group (N=22). The data was analyzed using the
-test, t-test, while the repeated measures of ANOVA were utilized with the SPSS/Win 18.0 program. The experimental group did not show significant differences in cognitive function; however, it showed significant differences in anxiety, aggressive behavior, and wandering behavior in relation to the control group. Thus this research suggests aromatherapy and a foot reflex massage program as nursing intervention to improve the quality of life of elderly with dementia.
Nursing Activity, Job Stress, and Job Satisfaction of Nurses in Community Mental Health Facilities
Lim, Hyunjung ; Gang, Moonhee ; Oh, Kyongok ;
Journal of Digital Convergence, volume 11, issue 12, 2013, Pages 507~513
DOI : 10.14400/JDPM.2013.11.12.507
The purpose of this study was to describe and identify factors that affect job satisfaction of nurses in community mental health facilities. The participants were 201 nurses from 59 nationwide community mental health facilities in Korea. The collected data were analyzed using a t-test, ANOVA, Pearson's correlation coefficients, and hierarchical multiple regression with SPSS 20.0 for Windows. The mean scores of nursing activity, job stress, and job satisfaction were 2.0, 2.4, and 3.1, respectively. Nursing activity and job stress were significantly correlated with job satisfaction. According to the multiple regression analysis, perceived health status, nursing activity (management of daily living), and job stress explained 21% of the variance in job satisfaction. This study suggested the necessity of developing and conducting programs for job stress reduction and job competency enhancement to improve job satisfaction of nurses in community mental health facilities.
The inhibitive effect of erythritol on growth and acidogenic ability of Streptococcus mutans
Park, Young-Nam ;
Journal of Digital Convergence, volume 11, issue 12, 2013, Pages 515~522
DOI : 10.14400/JDPM.2013.11.12.515
The purpose of this study was to closely examine the inhibitive effect of erythritol on growth and acidogenic ability of Streptococcus mutans. As expected, the growth of S. mutans was comparably increased with the addition of sucrose. However, xylitol and erythritol remarkably reduced the growth of S. mutans. Growth inhibition was detected at more than 5% of erythritol although xylitol showed growth inhibition effect at all concentrations tested. Growth inhibition effect was monitored with the combination of same concentration of erythritol and other carbohydrates. Combination of 5% or 10% erythritol with xylitol showed effective growth inhibition. Addition of 2.5%, 5%, or 10% erythritol with sorbitol also showed growth inhibition. From these results, erythritol showed potency of growth inhibition of S. mutans, which is involved in dental caries, and was confirmed to be an excellent sugar substitute, which has effect on preventing caries.
Gender Difference in Influencing Factors on Health related Quality of Life among the Elderly in Community
Lee, Seung-Hee ;
Journal of Digital Convergence, volume 11, issue 12, 2013, Pages 523~535
DOI : 10.14400/JDPM.2013.11.12.523
Purpose: This study was to investigate the socio-demographic and health factors affecting on the health related quality of life (HRQoL) in elderly by gender. Methods: Data of the study were derived from the fifth Korean National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (KNHANES V-2, 2011). The subjects were older adults aged 65 years or more (673 male and 925 female) and the number of the sample was 1,598. The authors analyzed the data with the SPSS/WIN 21.0 program. Results: For male, the affecting factors on the HRQoL were education level, monthly income, and number of chronic disease. For female, affecting factors on the HRQoL were depression, stress, and age. The activity limitation and subjective health showed statistically significant relationship with the HRQoL for both male and female. Conclusion: Health care providers should consider the gender difference when they plan to design program for the improvement of HRQoL for elderly in community.
Current State and Characteristics of Military Survey in Developed Countries: Focused on the Surveys of United States, Australia, and Canada
Kim, Mi-Sun ; Sohn, Minsung ; Choi, Mankyu ;
Journal of Digital Convergence, volume 11, issue 12, 2013, Pages 537~549
DOI : 10.14400/JDPM.2013.11.12.537
This study examines implications for the Korean military health survey from literature review on foreign military health surveys. The authors discuss backgrounds, objectives, participants, methods, contents, organizations involved, and cycles of foreign military health surveys from literature review from peer-reviewed journals as well as reports and documents collected from web-sites of governmental organizations. Common and distinguishing characteristics were found from foreign military health surveys. First, the military health surveys have evolved in phases in the direction of reducing health risk factors. Second, the importance of mental health is being emphasized. Third, cooperations and collaborations of governments, universities, and professional agencies are important in order to ensure anonymity and expertise on data collection and analysis. Finally, health surveys are conducted on a regular basis through institutionalization. To monitor and to promote health of military personnel, it is critical for Korea to establish the legal and institutional environment and to recognize the importance as well as the need of military health surveys at the national level.
The Correlation Analysis and Correction factor of BMD in Forearm and Lumbar with DXA
Han, Man-Seok ;
Journal of Digital Convergence, volume 11, issue 12, 2013, Pages 551~556
DOI : 10.14400/JDPM.2013.11.12.551
The Forearm and the lumbar spine bone mineral density bone mineral density values obtained through, T-score and Z-score correlation between numerical and calibration function obtained as a result of any one part to another part of the results is intended to infer. Groups of 66 patients, 11 patients by age 20-70 were composed of patients measured with the forearm and lumbar spine bone mineral density T-score and Z-score of the survey for each of the three factors that correlated to assess the correlation Find the correction factor to obtain the relationship. Bone mineral density of the correlation coefficient R = 0.769 correction factor is Y = 1.541X + 0.133. T-score of correlation coefficient R = 0.768 and the correction factor Y = 0.715X - 0.4 is Z-score of the correlation coefficient R = 0.635 correction factor Y = 0.751X - 0.162. It is regarded that there will be a clinical availability which can analogize the result of a part by using the result of the other part.
A Study on the Difference among College Students' Department Satisfaction and Career Maturity and the Influence on Career Stress
Yu, Eun-Yeong ; Yang, Yu-Jeong ;
Journal of Digital Convergence, volume 11, issue 12, 2013, Pages 557~568
DOI : 10.14400/JDPM.2013.11.12.557
This study is conducted to analyze the difference among college students' department satisfaction, career maturity, and career stress, and to examine the influence of department satisfaction and career maturity on career stress. A survey was done among 824 college students using the scales on department satisfaction, career maturity, and career stress and the following results were found. First of all, department satisfaction, career maturity, and career stress had statistically significant differences based on students year, age, academic records, entrance motive, peer relation, and health condition. Secondly, the subfactors of department satisfaction, namely, course satisfaction, relationship satisfaction, general satisfaction, and recognition satisfaction, showed statistically significant differences according to age, gender, academic records, entrance motive, peer relation, and health condition. Thirdly, the subfactors of career maturity, namely, determinacy, participation, independence, tendency, and compromise, had statistically significant differences according to year and age. Lastly, career maturity and department satisfaction considerably influenced career stress: when department satisfaction and career maturity were lower, career stress was higher. These results indicate that department satisfaction and career maturity correlate with career stress. Therefore, in order to decrease career stress, college students who maintain a low level of department satisfaction and career maturity should receive active guidance and education.
Relationship Between Oral Contraceptive Use and Periodontal Disease in Korean Women
Kim, Ki-Rim ; Noh, Hie-Jin ;
Journal of Digital Convergence, volume 11, issue 12, 2013, Pages 569~576
DOI : 10.14400/JDPM.2013.11.12.569
This study aims to evaluate the influence of oral contraceptive(OC) on periodontal disease. Research data was used the results derived from the Fourth Korean National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey(KNHANES), and 1,101 Korean women, aged 19 to 50 years with non-pregnant and premenopausal, were selected. The chi-square test and logistic regression analysis were performed to identify the relationship between OC use and periodontal disease, according to factors of demographic and socioeconomic, oral health behavior, OC use period, and periodontal status. In the results, OC use was statistically related with age, marital status and smoking. No significant differences were found in between the gingival condition and current OC use. The prevalence of periodontal disease increased with age, but did not have significant correlations with period of OC usage, smoking and oral health behavior. Final analysis was indicated that OC use is not associated with periodontal disease, regardless of adjustment for confounding variables.
A Study on Environmental Information Disclosure of Hospitals
Kang, Jung-Kyu ;
Journal of Digital Convergence, volume 11, issue 12, 2013, Pages 577~588
DOI : 10.14400/JDPM.2013.11.12.577
Main purpose of this study is to suggest improvement of environmental information disclosure system and to find out counterplan for hospitals based on literal review and 41 hospitals/clinic's environmental information data(2011) released by the Korean ENV-INFO SYSTEM. The research methodology used to analyze 18 items divided between 7 for compulsory and 11 for voluntary was primarily quantitative. Research subjects was comprised of 33 general hospitals, 6 hospitals and 1 clinic. Environmental information disclosure system needs to be improved as follows: (1) enlargement of citizen participation, (2) upgrade of 'Company Overview', (3) clear definition of items, (4) unifying measure unit, (5) close verification, (6) creating standards for additional informations. The following activities are critical for hospitals: (1) reliability enhancement of hospital's data, (2) reorganization strategy & green management system, (3) water/energy reduction data accumulation, (4) greenhouse gas emission reduction planning, (5) introduction of green purchase guidelines, (6) digital publication of environmental(sustainable) report.
The Study about Nursing Students' Experience on Emergency Room Environment Observation
Kim, Hae-Ok ; Seo, Bong-Hwa ; Nam, Mun-Hee ; Park, Euna ;
Journal of Digital Convergence, volume 11, issue 12, 2013, Pages 589~598
DOI : 10.14400/JDPM.2013.11.12.589
The research about nursing students' experience on the clinical environment observation is essential to developed effective strategy for clinical education and to improve quality for clinical practice of nursing education. This study is aimed to above goal by the report about nursing students' experience on emergency room environmental observation. The number of participants is 30 nursing students who are senior in the practicing at emergence room. Data analysis was centered on scrutinizing the contents of the participants' replies in order to deduce any relevant meaning. Also, data were analyzed by the meaning of learning based on self-examination through the practical learning. The positive and negative topics stated. Nursing students' experience on emergency room observation will supply the thinking about their own self-portrait in near future, and will give self reflection about correct nursing interventions to nursing students.
Evaluation of Articular Cartilage using 3D FFE-PROSET Technique in 3.0 T Knee MR Imaging : Comparison with 2D TSE - SPIR Technique
Goo, Eun-Hoe ;
Journal of Digital Convergence, volume 11, issue 12, 2013, Pages 599~606
DOI : 10.14400/JDPM.2013.11.12.599
The purpose of this study is to know a clinical usefulness for delineation of articular cartilage compared with 2D TSE-SPIR and 3D FFE-PROSET technique. From January 2013 to september 2013, a total of 30 normal volunteers(12 men and 18 women aged between 35 and 55 years; mean 49.48 years) were studied on a philips 3.0T MRI scanner. As a quantitative analysis, SNRs and CNRs were evaluated by using two methods for delineation of articular cartilage. As a qualitative analysis, image quality was evaluated by special radiological technologist of MRI for image delineation on a three grade. As a results, SNRs and CNRs for articular cartilage were significantly greater for the 3D FFE-PROSET(SNRs: 8.40, 114.02, 9.53, CNRs: 104.49, 139.49) technique compared to 2D TSE-SPIR(SNRs: 4.41, 71.63, 7.34, CNRs: 64.30, 58.41) technique, image quality also was higher for evaluation of 3D FFE-PROSET(2.40) technique(p=0.0021). In conclusion, this study showed that a 3D FFE-PROSET MRI has improved SNRs and CNRs for evaluating of the articular cartilage, these conclusions in the future will be provided useful information in diagnosis of articular cartilage.
Effect of self awareness of halitosis on the quality of life related to oral health in patients with chronic renal failure
Cho, Eun-Suk ;
Journal of Digital Convergence, volume 11, issue 12, 2013, Pages 607~614
DOI : 10.14400/JDPM.2013.11.12.607
This study has been conducted to investigate the effect of self awareness of halitosis on the quality of life related to oral health in patients with chronic renal failure undergoing hemodialysis and use basic data related to oral health of patients with chronic renal failure which is very rare in Korea. In terms of oral symptoms based on awareness of halitosis, there were significant differences in symptoms of teeth pain in the past one month, bleeding gums, symptoms of tongue or cheek pain, dry mouth, In terms of status of oral functions, there were significant differences in discomfort upon chewing foods, difficulty of pronunciation and presence of lost teeth. As the results of analysis of effect of self awareness of halitosis on the quality of life related to oral health in patients with chronic renal failure, it was shown that there were significant effects in psychological discomfort(B=-2.028, p<.01), poor social skills(B=2.596, p<.01) and social disadvantage(B=-2.173, p<.01). Thus, because self awareness of halitosis gives psychologically and socially negative effects, it could be an important factor to patients with renal failure whose number is rapidly increasing.
Study on gout screening programme in province
Kang, Kyung-Hee ; Hwang, Hye-Jeong ; Hong, Su-Min ; Lim, Yeon-Hwan ; Lee, Young-Hee ;
Journal of Digital Convergence, volume 11, issue 12, 2013, Pages 615~620
DOI : 10.14400/JDPM.2013.11.12.615
This research is a data analysis result of a future gout treatment was carried out in order to take advantage of basic data by Planned Population Federation of Korea in 2012, classified by gender. Using SPSS 18.0 analysis, frequency analysis, chi-squared analysis and logistic regression analysis were conducted. As a result, there were exceptional number of male subjects that required hyperuricemia thorough complete examination, and in case of hypouricemia, it is notable to find much more female subjects (p<0.001). Subjects that required thorough complete examination per age group and hypouricemia were significantly higher in those above the age of 70 years(p<0.001). Conclusions that required hyperuricemia thorough complete examination were a bit higher in the city areas and hypouricemia was a bit higher in the county areas, hyperuricemia was a bit higher in ratio in inland areas and hypouricemia was a bit higher in ratio in the coastal areas. I believe that continuous observation of gout prevalence rate based on this research by year, age group, and gender, would be extremely useful in making decisions regarding the changing trend of gout prevalence rate. In addition, hyperuricemia increased in postmenopausal women, as well as research on the causes of hypouricemia study.
A Study on the Subjectivity about Nursing Student's Attitude after Hand Washing Education
Kim, Yun-Jeong ;
Journal of Digital Convergence, volume 11, issue 12, 2013, Pages 621~630
DOI : 10.14400/JDPM.2013.11.12.621
This study, after education for nursing students through texts on hand washing, PPT materials and practices, will investigated the types of the subjects' attitude toward hand washing and attempt to provide basic data needed for nursing education and nursing practice program. As the methods of this research, Q methodology was applied, and 20 sophomores in the Department of Nursing Science as P-sample from October 8, 2012 to October 15, 2012 were asked to distribute Q-sample of 9-point Q-sample distribution, and the collected data were processed with principal factor analysis method by the PC QUANL program. As a result of the research, their attitude toward hand washing was classified into 3 types. The three factors extracted all had eigenvalues greater than 1.0 and explained approximately 56.67% of the variation in responses 40.41%, 10.14% and 6.11% respectively. Type 1 was the ones with the increased number of hand washing; Type 2 was the ones who recognize the need of hand washing education; and Type 3 was the ones who dry hands after washing. In conclusion, the significance of the classification of the types of the attitude after the hand washing education is that with the development of programmes of nursing education and nursing practice, individualized intervention strategies should be differently provided.
Difficulties of Health Behavior of the Migrant Inter-marriage Women
Byun, Soung-Won ;
Journal of Digital Convergence, volume 11, issue 12, 2013, Pages 631~637
DOI : 10.14400/JDPM.2013.11.12.631
This study was an attempt to understand difficulties of health behaviors of the Migrant inter-marriage women and to describe the meaning of their experiences. The research data of difficulties of health behaviors of the Migrant inter-marriage women were collected in 2010 from April to May by using in-depth interviewing and observation method. Data from interviews and participant observations were analyzed according to Colaizzi's method. The findings shows that the central phenomenon for difficulties of health behaviors of the Migrant inter-marriage women are lack of health information, suffer through cultural differences, uncomfortable for using the health care centers and ends in the feeling of loneliness.
The Development of a Mental Disorder Recovery Scale
Lee, Jeong-Sook ; Lee, Sun-Young ;
Journal of Digital Convergence, volume 11, issue 12, 2013, Pages 639~647
DOI : 10.14400/JDPM.2013.11.12.639
This paper is a methodological research aimed at developing a mental disorder recovery scale (MDRS) and testing its validity and reliability. After three sessions of factor analysis, a total of three factors using an Eigen value of 1.0 or more were drawn. The explanatory power was found to be 58.1%. All the items met the criteria for communality and factor loading with no item removed, and, ultimately, 25 items were selected. Criterion-related validity test showed that Pearson's correlation coefficient was significant at .71 (p<.01) with significant correlation with each factor (p<.01). The reliability test showed that Cronbach's
coefficient was .95 and that Cronbach's
coefficient for each factor ranged from .87 to .93. MDRS, which was developed in this study and possessing 3 factors and 25 items, had both its validity and reliability confirmed; therefore, the developed scale would be useful to evaluate the recovery of individuals with mental disorder.
The Implementation Status of Dental Treatment Infection Control Standards of Dental Hygienists
Yoo, Ha-Na ; Kang, Kyung-Hee ;
Journal of Digital Convergence, volume 11, issue 12, 2013, Pages 649~656
DOI : 10.14400/JDPM.2013.11.12.649
This study was conducted to find out about the implementation status of dental treatment infection control standards of dental hygienists. The subjects of research were the dental hygienists working at dentist offices in Chungnam, Cheonan-si using self-input method from July 25th, 2012 to August 1st 2012. The collected data was analyzed after computerized statistical processing using SPSS 18.0. For hepatitis B vaccination, the results were high with 75.0% of answers being 'yes' or auto-active immunity, but for the latest hepatitis vaccination period showed highest results in '5 years or more ago' with 48.0%. Although 93.0% answered that vaccination was important, the percentage of replies that they had vaccination education was relatively low with 41.0%. For the use of personal protection tools the use of protective goggles was low compared to the use of masks and medical gloves. The percentage of subjects that answered that they always wash their hands before treatment was relatively low with 56.0% compared to 82.0% of subjects that answered that they always washed their hands after treatment. Dental treatment equipment washing before sterilization, use of packing and re-sterilization of tools with damaged packing showed high results for 'yes', but the ratio of subjects that answered 'no' to water line management was low with 39%.
ADHD Symptoms, Self-Esteem, and Depression of Juvenile Offenders
Cho, Youngsoon ; Gang, Moonhee ; Oh, Kyongok ;
Journal of Digital Convergence, volume 11, issue 12, 2013, Pages 657~663
DOI : 10.14400/JDPM.2013.11.12.657
This study aimed to identify factors that influence depression in juvenile offenders. A cross-sectional study design was used. The participants were 275 juvenile offenders from D city. The collected data were analyzed using t-test, ANOVA, Pearson's correlation coefficients, and multiple regression with the SPSS/WIN 20.0 program. Of the participants, 32.4% and 52.0% were in the clinical group for ADHD and depression, respectively. ADHD symptoms and self-esteem were significantly correlated with depression. The final model showed that depression among juvenile offenders was significantly influenced by perceived health status, ADHD symptoms, and self-esteem. These variables accounted for 37% of the variance of depression.
A Study on the Measurement of Bacterial Contamination of MRI Examination Equipment and Disinfection Conditions
Jeung, Seung-Woon ; Lim, Chung-Hwan ; You, In-Gyu ;
Journal of Digital Convergence, volume 11, issue 12, 2013, Pages 665~672
DOI : 10.14400/JDPM.2013.11.12.665
In radiology department, where patients with a variety of diseases receive their tests, there is a large possibility of cross contamination of nosocomial infection. Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) tests take particularly more time than other tests do, which increases the possibility of being exposed to cross contamination. Therefore, this research examines the status of MRI equipment sterilization and investigates the bacterial distribution on head coils, which have the most frequent contact with patients, patient fixation blocks, and bores, which are confined spaces. The status of MRI equipment disinfection was examined by a survey targeting 150 employees, and the distribution of bacteria was measured in ten medical facilities. The result of bacterial distribution tests on MRI equipment showed various bacteria, including Staphylococcus, Acinetobacter, Sphingomona, Pantoea agglomeranss, Micrococcus, Bacillus, Saprophyticus, Brevundimona, and Myroidesspecies. The result of examining the stat us of MRI room disinfection showed that the disinfections of the head coil, block, and bore were implemented well, and the largest proportion was carried out once a day in the morning. The time and implementation of disinfection by the disinfection manager showed that they were implemented well when the manager was the MRI room examiner. The disinfection after examining a patient using an appropriate disinfectant is mandatory to prevent cross contamination.
Factors Affecting the Nursing Intention of Nurses for AIDS Patients
Yang, Seung Ae ;
Journal of Digital Convergence, volume 11, issue 12, 2013, Pages 673~683
DOI : 10.14400/JDPM.2013.11.12.673
Purpose : This study aimed to examine the causal relationships among knowledge, stigma prejudice, attitude, social interaction which are factors affecting the Nursing Intention for AIDS patients. Method : Data were collected from June 20 to August 10, 2012, 268 nurses in general hospital located in and outside of Seoul, who were selected using convenience sampling. For hypothesis testing, the collected data were analyzed using AMOS 19. Results : Analysis of the path coefficients in this study showed that 41% of the variation in Nursing Intention could be explained by variation in the model. Social Interaction and Attitude directly affected the Nursing Intention. Social Interaction was found to be the most important predictive factor to explain Nursing Intention. Conclusion : This study found that there are need to increase possibility of social interaction and make positive changes in attitude toward AIDS patient care in order to improve Nursing Intention.
Explore Career Development of Female Recently Obtained Doctoral Degree in Education
Kim, Hyosun ;
Journal of Digital Convergence, volume 11, issue 12, 2013, Pages 685~696
DOI : 10.14400/JDPM.2013.11.12.685
The purpose of the present study is to explore the career development barriers of female doctoral degree holders in education. The study occupied in-depth interview with 42 female doctoral degree holders in education. The results were as followed; First, academic advisor highly influenced the career development female doctoral degree holders through their academic activities. Second, they had experiences regarding glass ceiling effect in workplace. Third, marriage was a critical issue for both of the married and single female doctoral degree holders. Fourth, family and relatives' support positively impact on their career will, and also their strong career goal was beneficial way to break their career barriers. Also, the study suggested contextural factor was very significant on career behavior of female doctoral degree holders. Therefore, policy maker, scholars, and students should have strong attention to female students' career guidance and development in various way. The results of the study discussed in relation to the existing literature, with reference to women's career development and career barriers, and then implication for the future research were suggested.
Policy Design for Value Added Enhancement of Visual Content Industry
Jeong, Bong-Keum ; Lim, Jung-Hee ; Chung, Jean-Hun ;
Journal of Digital Convergence, volume 11, issue 12, 2013, Pages 697~708
DOI : 10.14400/JDPM.2013.11.12.697
This study suggests the need of 'policy design' that aims to develop visual contents with competitiveness in a global market by comparing and analyzing the programs of promoting the visual content industry of each local government. Moreover it focuses to derive a policy implication so that the local government in its role could develop and promote programs of the industry to enhance its competitiveness. The scope of the study covers local governments of the national capital region and the five metropolitan cities of Korea. The support programs on the visual content industry have been compared and analyzed in 2012. A case study of the policy program of the UK, USA and France has been conducted. In conclusion, we must recognize visual industry as regional strategic industry. The policy orientation, organizations and the scale of support should be designed to make the most of regional characteristics and lead to sustainable growth in response to a rapidly changing IT convergence technology and the new digital environment.
A Study on the Solutions to overcome the obstacles of Digital comics contents industry development
Kim, Soo-Young ; Ha, Kyu-Soo ;
Journal of Digital Convergence, volume 11, issue 12, 2013, Pages 709~723
DOI : 10.14400/JDPM.2013.11.12.709
This study aims to diagnose the present condition of the Digital comics industry, including the "webtoon", which is receiving attention as the new Korean wave (Hallyu) cultural content, and explore ways to vitalize these contents. Considering the fact that the distribution rate of smart devices in Korea is the highest in the world as of June 2013, and that comics as contents have been known to show the easiest and fastest adaptation to changes in the media, the Digital comics industry is certainly an area with high expected growth, but its actual size of the industry shows a very low growth rate compared to other digital contents. This study analyzes the present condition of the Digital comics industry through theoretical and precedent study, and deducts 7 major factors that inhibit the growth of Digital comics industry by summing up the industry structure through making surveys of major businesses in the industry. Further, problems and possible solutions of the digital comics industry are discussed through in-depth interviews with total 10 digital comics industry experts. Building a ecosystem based charged service, realizing a total management system, government support and improvements on restrictions are discussed as solutions to a sustained growth of the Digital comics industry.
A Study on the Donations and Related Variables of Adolescents
Lee, Chang Seek ; Song, Kuk Beom ;
Journal of Digital Convergence, volume 11, issue 12, 2013, Pages 725~734
DOI : 10.14400/JDPM.2013.11.12.725
This paper aimed to verify the current status of adolescents' donations and predictors influencing their donation behaviors. First, the result revealed that adolescents' donations were higher in the order of time, material, and talent donation. Second, donation motives, attitude towards donation, self-esteem, a sense of community, and trust in charitable organization were positively correlated. Third, the predictors of material donation behaviors of adolescents were gender, age, extrinsic motives, attitude towards donation, sense of community, and trust in charitable organization. And the predictors of time donation behaviors were gender and sense of community, and those of talent donation were age, intrinsic motives and sense of community. The strategies for the activation of adolescents' donations were suggested.
Study of Planning of Contents for Optimal Experience on Tourism
Kwag, KyoungHee ; Kim, Kijeong ;
Journal of Digital Convergence, volume 11, issue 12, 2013, Pages 735~745
DOI : 10.14400/JDPM.2013.11.12.735
Tour industry has been growing with increasing of people leisure time quantitatively as well as qualitatively. Especially, region tourist industry shows rapid growth because of the development of transportation and communication. Tourist contents that representing the region have been developing briskly. However there are many nominal tourist contents have just region differentiation with same attribute and composition. It has to be consider about tourist first not a contents provider or a developer. To be memorable tourist contents and to connect to consumption, understanding about tourist is needed. So 'Experience' will be standards when tourist contents is planned. In that sense, experience 4factors from Experience Economy and Challenge-skill model from Flow will be frames for giving shape to develop tourist contents. Experience 4factors from Experience Economy suggests 4factors for the superb enjoyment to tourists, and Challenge-skill model from Flow proposes balanced contents for understanding tourists. They will contribute to suggest planning frames for sustainable tourist contents and it lead to tourists' reinstation.
Fandom as a Prosumer : Study on Information Behavior of Fandom
Lee, So Young ; Kim, Hyang Mi ; Chu, Kyounghee ; Seo, Jungchi ;
Journal of Digital Convergence, volume 11, issue 12, 2013, Pages 747~759
DOI : 10.14400/JDPM.2013.11.12.747
This study posits the activities of the fandom as information behavior: information producing, information diffusion, information sharing. The authors identify the underlying motivation and needs which lead fandom to these behavior on the basis of contents theory. In particular, the manner in which the those needs influence the information behavior of fandom is explored. The data used in this study came from various Fan Caf
s which are communities of star fan. The results from the survey shows that the fandom is a kind of culture closely connected to social needs. Fandom can be viewed as an important driving force in the entertainment industry as they are co-creating the value in entertainment market.
The Development Plan for Serious Game based on Game Production Process
Lee, MyounJae ;
Journal of Digital Convergence, volume 11, issue 12, 2013, Pages 761~768
DOI : 10.14400/JDPM.2013.11.12.761
The serious game refers to the game which is combined game's fun with the peculiar object of the field including the education, medical treatment, public, and etc. By doing so, it can help that the learners are able to acquire the knowledge and technology of the relative field with joy. Currently, the serious game of the various fields is launched. However, there are many obstacles in Korea to develop the market. This paper is the research for showing how to overcome these problems. For this purpose, first, this research investigates the present condition of the serious game in the planning and development and marketing viewpoint. Second, the obstacles of the serious game are analyzed. Finally, the methods for solving these obstacles are shown. This paper is helpful for finding out the strategies for solving the obstacles without too much consideration of obstacle elements for serious game development.
Communication of a Model for Education of Identity Based on the Epistles (Referring to the film, Charlie and the Chocolate Factory)
Kim, Deok-Man ;
Journal of Digital Convergence, volume 11, issue 12, 2013, Pages 769~775
DOI : 10.14400/JDPM.2013.11.12.769
This paper studies the hermeneutical meaning and educational application of the teaching in "following the model" in the epistles. The film "Charlie and the Chocolate Factory" is also used analogically to supplement the educational communication. It has to be said that following the example involves not just talking about it but also living out the stories of self-renunciation, tolerance and forgiveness.
A study of contempt characters for storytelling
Lee, Kang-Hyun ;
Journal of Digital Convergence, volume 11, issue 12, 2013, Pages 777~784
DOI : 10.14400/JDPM.2013.11.12.777
A novel is a conversation between self and the real world. They are not only sensitive act to the real world, but also a pattern of the real through the converse between self and the real world without making the real his own. This analysis on the works of Son and his essence shows that he tried to express his self-denial aesthetics and human-denial aesthetics as well as self-closing aesthetics.
Web Accessibility Compliance Status Analysis of Silver Generation Job Information Sites
Seo, Mi-Ra ; Park, Sang-Jin ;
Journal of Digital Convergence, volume 11, issue 12, 2013, Pages 785~791
DOI : 10.14400/JDPM.2013.11.12.785
This study, in the perspective of universal design, newly suggests UD-WCAG 2013 for the evaluation of job information sites used by the silver generation. Using this, 13 senior clubs run by social welfare corporations chosen by the central and local government for the silver generation job information provision organizations to analyze the compliance status of web accessibility. The web compliance status analysis was done through a self-assessment tool from Korea Agency for Digital Opportunity and Promotion and UD-WCAG 2013. Although both analyses showed that there weren't differences according to region, the general level of compliance was shown as low. In the UD-WCAG 2013's 7 major categories the part about errors was shown providing appropriate solutions, but in the other parts it was shown that the all 13 websites were being run with insufficient consideration of the social and physical characteristics of the silver generation.
A Study on Languages and Socialities of Children in Multi-cultural Families Using Fine Arts
Do, Kyung-Eun ;
Journal of Digital Convergence, volume 11, issue 12, 2013, Pages 793~801
DOI : 10.14400/JDPM.2013.11.12.793
Our society is moving from a monocultural society of a homogeneous nation to a multi-cultural society as a lot of foreigners are flowing into the country with the advent of globalization and with an effort to secure labor force for economic growth. So, multi-cultural families composed of members using different languages spring up everywhere, but the children in these multi-cultural families have difficulties in acquiring Korean language and are socially maladjusted because of the bilingual environment. The goal of this study is to help enhance the language capabilities and socialities of the children in the multi-cultural families through fine arts using artistic methods. The study method was to analyze the high-quality effects of the fine arts with the theoretical research materials and theses showing the real conditions of the multi-cultural families. And I proposed some ways to improve the linguistic abilities and socialities of the children in the multi-cultural families with the utilization of fine arts. As a result, Firstly, An active use of the bilingual instructors and artistic multimedia is educationally necessary to overcome language restrictions. Secondly, Various ways to utilize fine arts are necessary to improve learning abilities of other subjects. Thirdly, Artistic plays and experiential activities need to be largely applied to education to enhance the abilities of emotional control and socialities. Finally, Integrated culture and art education is essential not only for creativities and socialities but also for personalities for community life.
The Exploratory Study on Community Link of Community Childcare Center
Kim, Nam-Sook ;
Journal of Digital Convergence, volume 11, issue 12, 2013, Pages 803~810
DOI : 10.14400/JDPM.2013.11.12.803
Since 2004, community childcare centers are legislated and the centers are running as the concept of community-oriented child welfare services. Recently child welfare paradigm are changed from simple "study room" for protection to the future capabilities of the "social welfare". For children who grow in their community, it must request to new construction with ecological system.
The Effects of Social Participation and Social Support on Quality of Life of the Elderly
Kim, Eun-Kyung ; Ha, Kyu-Soo ;
Journal of Digital Convergence, volume 11, issue 12, 2013, Pages 811~820
DOI : 10.14400/JDPM.2013.11.12.811
This study aimed at analyzing the effects of economic and leisure activities and social supports on the life satisfaction level of the olders who live in the Seoul city and surroundings and finding out the differences in the variables such as the economic and leisure activities, social support and life satisfaction level according to the demographics variables of the older. And the results are as follows. First, the education level, the status of living with spouse, status of economic and health conditions have positive influences of life satisfaction lever of the older. But the participation duration and frequencies of the economic and leisure activities do not affect on the life satisfaction level of the older. Second, the social support has an influence on the life satisfaction level of the older. Third, the differences in the variables such as social participation social support and life satisfaction lever of the older according to the demographic variables were found out partially.
Cultural Heritage Experiential Learning Smart-Phone APP Using LBS
Kim, Yong-Ho ; Kim, Hyeong-Gyun ;
Journal of Digital Convergence, volume 11, issue 12, 2013, Pages 821~828
DOI : 10.14400/JDPM.2013.11.12.821
This paper proposed CHELS-App that Smart-phone APP optimized cultural heritage experiential learning is configured can learning and sightseeing at the same time with experience the cultural heritage and enjoying the mission through quests to take advantage of the Smart-phone. CHELS-App is provide a guide maps by using the location-based service and cultural commentary(commentary, photos, quizzes, games, cartoon) with capability of event push about the Jongmyo Shrine as world heritage, and configured with capability of experience diary create and foot stamp through these experiences.
Effect of achievement goal directivity and self-regulated learning strategy on the level of learning achievement
Lee, Sook-Jeong ; Shin, Kyoung-Hee ;
Journal of Digital Convergence, volume 11, issue 12, 2013, Pages 829~834
DOI : 10.14400/JDPM.2013.11.12.829
This study intended to find out an efficient teaching-learning method by identifying the effect of achievement goal directivity and self-regulated learning strategy on the level of learning achievement in class. This study analyzed the relationship between the achievement goal directivity and the average and standard deviation of self-regulated learning strategy as well as the relationship between the achievement goal directivity and the learning achievement of self-regulated learning strategy and also analyzed the effect of achievement goal directivity and self-regulated learning strategy on the level of learning achievement, based on the result of survey targeting 133 university students attending the Department of Social Welfare. The findings show that the higher the tendency of achievement goal directivity and self-regulated learning ability, the higher the academic performance, which means that it is necessary to resolve any anxiety through motivation control training and mentoring learning for academic achievement of students and inducing their proactive participation in class.
Assessing the Impacts of Job insecurity, Job satisfaction and Relationship with customers on Intention of Retention of Employees in Social Enterprises
Lee, Eun Jung ;
Journal of Digital Convergence, volume 11, issue 12, 2013, Pages 835~843
DOI : 10.14400/JDPM.2013.11.12.835
Despite their social mission, social enterprises work in the changing global economic environment and therefore face to comply with performance objectives. This situation means that human resources management strategy has a crucial role to play. Especially, the challenge in maintaining competitive efficiency depends on achieving a lower level of employee turnover. This study aims to investigate the role of job insecurity, job satisfaction, relationship with customers regarding the intention of retention among social enterprise workers. Data were collected in South Korea from 271 women employees in 36 social enterprises and the binomial logistic regression was used to assess the model hypothesized. As the result, social enterprise employees showed a considerably positive attitude toward the intent to stay their workplace. However, job insecurity appeared to have the strongest negative effect on the intention of retention, whereas job satisfaction and relationship with customers had the positive effects, above and beyond demographic variables and organization variables. The result suggested the human resource management can play a significant role in retaining social enterprise employees by reducing job instability and improving job satisfaction and customers management.