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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
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Journal of Digital Convergence
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Journal DOI :
The Society of Digital Policy and Management
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Volume & Issues
Volume 11, Issue 12 - Dec 2013
Volume 11, Issue 11 - Nov 2013
Volume 11, Issue 10 - Oct 2013
Volume 11, Issue 9 - Sep 2013
Volume 11, Issue 8 - Aug 2013
Volume 11, Issue 7 - Jul 2013
Volume 11, Issue 6 - Jun 2013
Volume 11, Issue 5 - May 2013
Volume 11, Issue 4 - Apr 2013
Volume 11, Issue 3 - Mar 2013
Volume 11, Issue 2 - Feb 2013
Volume 11, Issue 1 - Jan 2013
Selecting the target year
A Study on Cost Problem in Adult Guardianship System
Jeon, Byeong-Joo ; Cho, Do-Yeon ;
Journal of Digital Convergence, volume 11, issue 9, 2013, Pages 1~11
The adult guardianship system took effect from July 2013, to protect adults who need protection due to insufficient ability to judge. Even though many problems are founded in countries like France and Japan which perform Adult guardianship system, they are promoting practical settlement of system and protection of the adults requiring protection through continuous supplementation of system. It is essential to solve cost problem for successful establishment of adult guardianship system because reasonable control of social security expenditure, in an aging society, is a common task for all countries. Therefore, in this study, cost problem occurred in the enforcement of adult guardianship system is to be examined and through these findings, several strategies were suggested to solve it in Korea.
A Study on Crime Victims' Right to State
Park, Ho Jung ; Lim, Hee ;
Journal of Digital Convergence, volume 11, issue 9, 2013, Pages 13~20
It was just over 20 years ago that the victim who had been seen as the forgotten man in criminal justice system for a long time started to participate in criminal proceedings and state his opinion. Other countries such as America and Japan provide crime victims with the opportunity to state freely about facts of damage as well as their opinions in criminal proceedings at present. However, Korea gives the victim the right of statement as a witness, though the statement of crime victim's opinion is the constitutional right. That is, as crime victims are not free from perjury they cannot actively state their views. Meanwhile, if the freedom of crime victims' statement is guaranteed in law and victims can state opinions with their own voice, victims' statement of opinion will help the victims treat and relieve their psychological damages. For these reasons, it is desirable that Korea, like the U.S. and Japan, gives crime victims the right to state their opinion without fear of perjury in criminal proceedings not as witnesses but as the aggrieved party.
Legalization of Right to be Forgotten and Freedom of Press in the Digital Media Environment
Kim, Hyung-Il ;
Journal of Digital Convergence, volume 11, issue 9, 2013, Pages 21~27
With the advent of digital media environment, distribution way of information changes, legalization of the right to be forgotten is becoming increasingly necessary. However, too much emphasis on protection of personal information to hinder the development of the Internet industry and constitutional rights, including freedom of speech and right to know might be infringed. Thus, the scope of the right to be forgotten there is a need to clarify the rules. First, the rights of personal information can be divided into two. Right to be forgotten can be applied to the right to self-determination of personal information, but the right to self-determination information about social personality cannot be applied to. Second, in the digital media environment, old news article over the internet repeatedly distribution as the new damage is generating. Because old news article is a historical record, the right to be forgotten can not be applied. Thus, appropriate for digital media environment must find new ways.
An Exploratory Study on the Interaction Model of Institutional Change of Government-Funded Research Institutes : Focused on R&D Funding Systems
Kim, Hak-Sam ; Shim, Young Bo ;
Journal of Digital Convergence, volume 11, issue 9, 2013, Pages 29~43
The dominant perspective on institutional change of the GRI is the environment-dependence. GRI's institutions are, however, prone to change due to the endogenous factors. Therefore, we need a dynamic alternative model to analyze the interaction between the exogenous and endogenous factors around the GRI's institutions. In this paper, authors examined the changes in GRI's funding system. The results were verified in the layering which is a one of the dynamic institutional change forms. Owing to the interaction between the exogenous and endogenous factors, institutional reform's layers of the institution funding expansion have been continuously accumulated in order to modify the Project-Based System(PBS). Eventually expansion layers of the institution funding have grown more quickly than the Project-Based System(PBS), as a result, GRI's funding system has been changing centered on the Block funding.
A Study On Related to Test and Evaluation of Nursing Information System
Oh, Song-Ja ; Yang, Hae-Sool ;
Journal of Digital Convergence, volume 11, issue 9, 2013, Pages 45~54
Currently, the domestic nursing information system software products are being developed competitively with the participation of many companies, generating quantitative development with high value added. However, it is true that the study that concurrently adds qualitative enhancements to such quantitative development has been inadequate. In order to secure international competitiveness in the field of nursing information system software, it is necessary to establish quality requirements on this system, and along with it, establish an evaluation system on the nursing information system software products. The purpose of this study is to analyze the accompaniment and technology of the nursing information system, and by identifying the requirements, establish test and evaluation system of the said system.
The Effects of Entrepreneurial Intention and Entrepreneurship on Entrepreneurial Success
Lee, Mi-Ja ; Kim, Jung-Gyu ;
Journal of Digital Convergence, volume 11, issue 9, 2013, Pages 55~65
The purpose of this study was to investigate correlations between entrepreneurial intention and entrepreneurship and entrepreneurial success. For that purpose, the study carried out a survey among the students of Graduate School of Business & Entrepreneurship, the students of small business start-up education, and general people and reviewed the previous studies and literature with a focus on the characteristics and capabilities of entrepreneurial intention. The investigator identified the characteristic factors of entrepreneurial intention including entrepreneurial intention, entrepreneurship, entrepreneurial success, education, and mentor, set a research model and hypothesis for their relations with entrepreneurial success, and empirically analyzed and tested them. The empirical analysis results were summarized as follows: first, entrepreneurial methods and abilities of the variables of entrepreneurial intention turned out to have significant impacts on entrepreneurial success. Second, corporation determination, external factor, and internal factor of the variables of entrepreneurship turned out to have significant effects on entrepreneurial success. Third, re-education after success turned out to be the most influential entrepreneurial education factor on entrepreneurial success, which points to a need for constant education after setting up a business. Fourth, practical entrepreneurial mentors had the greatest influences on entrepreneurial success, being followed by successful entrepreneurial mentors and socially successful mentors in the order. One can have a vision to see a further future of his or her business and promote its growth by forming relationships with those who have more knowledge about the line of business and richer experiences in the field. The subjects overwhelmingly had a positive personality, which suggests that those who try to start a business tend to be positive and considerate of others.
The Effect of Technology Readiness and Customer Participation on Service Quality, Customer Satisfaction and Service Repurchase Intention - Focused on Family Restaurants
Kim, Hyo-Jin ; Han, Sang-Lin ;
Journal of Digital Convergence, volume 11, issue 9, 2013, Pages 67~78
The purpose of this research is to draw family restaurant's strategic operation plan by seeking factors in diverse angles that can affect consumer's evaluation on the service of family restaurant that executes SST(Self Service Technology). For this purpose the research investigated the relationship among technology readiness, customer participation, service quality, customer satisfaction and service repurchase intention. As a result, First optimism and innovation in technology readiness positively affected service quality. Second, emotional participation and physical participation in customer participation positively affected service quality, but informational participation did not positively affect service quality. Third, service quality positively affected customer satisfaction, and customer satisfaction positively affected service repurchase intention. Therefore, this research confirmed marketing effectiveness of technology readiness and customer participation and proved the possibility of service quality, customer satisfaction and service repurchase intention as antecedent variables.
The Relationship between Work-Family Facilitation and Perceived Team Performance: Moderating Effect of Wellness Climate
Choi, Seo-Hyun ; Cha, Yunsuk ;
Journal of Digital Convergence, volume 11, issue 9, 2013, Pages 79~86
I have empirically investigated the relationship between work-family facilitation and perceived team performance and the moderating effect of wellness climate between work-family facilitation and perceived team performance. For testing hypothesis, hierarchical linear regression was conducted. The results of analysis are followings; hypothesis 1, work-family facilitation is positively related to perceived team performance, was significantly supported. Hypothesis 2, wellness climate moderates the association between work-family facilitation and perceived team performance. The results imply that when the HR practitioners design job and welfare program of employees should consider work-family facilitation. Additionally, to improve the performance of organization should consider not only work-family facilitation but also climate of organization supporting work-family facilitation, wellness climate.
The Police Responsibility about Illegal Information on the Information Communication Network
Gu, Hyung-Keun ; Joung, Soon-Hyoung ;
Journal of Digital Convergence, volume 11, issue 9, 2013, Pages 87~94
The existing legal regulations that indiscriminately distributed various illegal information on the information network are discussing focused on civil liability and criminal liability. however, at this paper that approached with problem of police responsibility as a target of the exert of police authority for blocking illegal information on the information network. based on this recognition, this paper propose the problem and reformation about the present Information Communication Networks law's 7 of Article 44, Section 2 that for prompt blocking illegal information on the information network, not about direct regulatory approach to a person in charge of act but about the information network service provider which is a person in charge of condition.
How Media Exposure Distorts the Wisdom of the Crowd Effect
Yoo, Soonduck ; Choi, Kwangdon ;
Journal of Digital Convergence, volume 11, issue 9, 2013, Pages 95~102
The purpose of this study is to explain why the social phenomenon of the wisdom of the crowd does not empirically apply. The motivation of this study is to explain the Korean social issue: the Tablo incident. In this study, 50 university students participated in the experiments to assess the impact of social media on the wisdom of crowds effect. We find evidence of a positive wisdom of crowds effect, when respondents are less exposed to media. In contrast, the collective information seems to be negatively distorted by respondents highly exposed to media. This research has strong implication for education policy and theories of social interaction.
Forecasting Modeling of Heavy Tail Typed Demand using Student's t-Copula Fitting in Supply Chain Management
Kim, Taesung ; Lee, Hyunsoo ;
Journal of Digital Convergence, volume 11, issue 9, 2013, Pages 103~111
As the demand-oriented management has been getting important in Supply Chain Management (SCM), various forecasting methods have been suggested including regression analyses. However, dependency structures among variables have been captured by a correlation coefficient, only. It results in inaccurate demand predictions. This paper suggests a new and effective forecasting modeling framework using student's t-copula function. In order to show overall modeling procedures framework, heavy tail typed numerical data and its copula estimations are provided. The suggested methodology can contribute to decrease the bullwhip effect and to stabilize volatile environment in a supply chain network.
A Study on the Determinants of Life Satisfaction for the Senior Job Placement Project Participants
Park, Pyeong ;
Journal of Digital Convergence, volume 11, issue 9, 2013, Pages 113~126
The purpose of this study was to empirically investigate the effects of job characteristics on job characteristics on job satisfaction and life satisfaction and the moderating role of social support among the Senior Job Replacement Project participants. For the purpose of this study, "Senior Job Replacement Project Participants" data collected by the Korea Labor Force Development Institute for the Aged were used and analyzed employing hierarchical regression analysis technique. This study found that four out of five job characteristics variables(job requirements, working environment, education program and service environment) had significant positive effects on participants' job satisfaction, whereas pay did not; that job satisfaction made a positive contribution to the enhancement of participants' life satisfaction; and that two social support variables(children support and outside support) did not play a moderating role in the relationships between job characteristics and participants' job satisfaction and between job satisfaction and life satisfaction among participants.
The Effect of Sports Centers' Service Guarantee on Service Quality, Service Value, Customer Satisfaction and Customer Loyalty
Kim, Hyo-Jin ; Han, Sang-Lin ;
Journal of Digital Convergence, volume 11, issue 9, 2013, Pages 127~138
This study aims to grope for the factors that can influence consumer when they evaluate sports centers' service multilaterally in order to draw strategic operation methods for sports centers. This article examines the relationship among sports centers' service guarantee, service quality, service value, customer satisfaction, and customer loyalty. This study selects 2 sports centers located in Seoul and then conducts a survey to 200 members of the sports centers. The data collected go through frequency analysis, reliability analysis, and exploratory factor analysis with SPSS 16.0, and also AMOS 18.0 is utilized to perform confirmatory factor analysis and hypothesis verification. According to the study result First, service guarantee affects service quality positively while it does not affect customer loyalty. Second, service quality affects service value positively. Third, service value affects customer satisfaction and customer loyalty positively. Therefore this study has verified the marketing effectiveness of service guarantee in sports centers, so it can be said that the study has drawn practical operation methods.
Implementation of SNS-based Web Integrated System for Child Care Participate Activation
Han, Jin Seok ; Kim, Bong Han ;
Journal of Digital Convergence, volume 11, issue 9, 2013, Pages 139~145
In most of the child-care facility, Children's photos, newsletters, menu, training plans, etc. made in print and is delivered through the child's bag. This method does not allow the parents to check their kids' condition and the regarding information. To solve these problems, parents using internet-based CCTV monitoring, or a call to teachers and the child's condition is unknown. In reality, however, is difficult. Therefore, to enable active participation in care SNS-based web integration system is to implement. Through the implementation of this system, the cause of the problem does not completely eliminate but a large portion will be eliminated.
Semantic Ontology Speech Information Extraction using Non-parametric Correlation Coefficient
Lee, Byungwook ;
Journal of Digital Convergence, volume 11, issue 9, 2013, Pages 147~151
On retrieving high frequency keywords in information retrieval system, mismatchings to user's request are problems because of the various meanings of keywords in the existing ontology configuration. In this paper, it is to construct personnel selection ontology and rules in personnel management which are composed of various concepts and knowledges based on semantic web technology and suggest selection procedures to support these rules and knowledge retrieval system to verify suitability of selection results. This system utilizes a method of extraction of speech features by using non-parametric correlation coefficient. This proposed method has been validated by showing that the result average SNR of the experiment evaluation of the proposed techniques was shown to be decreased by .752dB.
Decision Tree Learning Algorithms for Learning Model Classification in the Vocabulary Recognition System
Oh, Sang-Yeob ;
Journal of Digital Convergence, volume 11, issue 9, 2013, Pages 153~158
Target learning model is not recognized in this category or not classified clearly failed to determine if the vocabulary recognition is reduced. Form of classification learning model is changed or a new learning model is added to the recognition decision tree structure of the model should be changed to a structural problem. In order to solve these problems, a decision tree learning model for classification learning algorithm is proposed. Phonological phenomenon reflected sound enough to configure the database to ensure learning a decision tree learning model for classifying method was used. In this study, the indoor environment-dependent recognition and vocabulary words for the experimental results independent recognition vocabulary of the indoor environment-dependent recognition performance of 98.3% in the experiment showed, vocabulary independent recognition performance of 98.4% in the experiment shown.
The Comparative Study of Software Optimal Release Time of Finite NHPP Model Considering Property of Nonlinear Intensity Function
Kim, Kyung-Soo ; Kim, Hee-Cheul ;
Journal of Digital Convergence, volume 11, issue 9, 2013, Pages 159~166
In this paper, make a study decision problem called an optimal release policies after testing a software system in development phase and transfer it to the user. When correcting or modifying the software, finite failure non-homogeneous Poisson process model, presented and propose release policies of the life distribution, half-logistic property model which used to an area of reliability because of various shape and scale parameter. In this paper, discuss optimal software release policies which minimize a total average software cost of development and maintenance under the constraint of satisfying a software reliability requirement. In a numerical example, the parameters estimation using maximum likelihood estimation of failure time data, make out estimating software optimal release time. Software release time is used as prior information, potential security damages should be reduced.
A Study on Digital Convergence and Smart City
Lee, Seong-Hoon ; Lee, Dong-Woo ;
Journal of Digital Convergence, volume 11, issue 9, 2013, Pages 167~172
In information society, Convergence was combined with a word 'digital'. Digital convergence means a service or new product which appeared through fusion of unit technologies in information and communication regions. The effects of convergence technologies and social phenomenons are visualized in overall regions of society such as economy, society, culture, etc. In this paper, we described a prospects and technologies needed in digital convergence environment. And we described a smart city which was leading case in digital convergence.
The Server based Realtime Biometric Signature Scheme
Yun, Sunghyun ;
Journal of Digital Convergence, volume 11, issue 9, 2013, Pages 173~179
In a biometric authentication scheme, a user's biometric data that is unique to the user is used to prove the user's identity to the third party. Since the user should have to participate in every authentication sessions, it's not possible to delegate other users to authenticate instead of himself/herself. In a biometric signature scheme, contrary to authentication scheme, a user's biometric data is used to prove that "this message is signed by the signer who claims to be" to the third party. However, once the biometric key is created, it can be accessed by the signer. Thus, it's possible to lend the biometric key to other users. In this study, the server based biometric realtime signature scheme is proposed. The proposed scheme can be applied to sign the vote in electronic voting or to authenticate the copyright owner in DRM enabled mobile commerce where the proxy signatures are not allowed.
An Improvement Policy of Digital Information Accessibility for Handicapped Persons
Kim, Hwangyong ;
Journal of Digital Convergence, volume 11, issue 9, 2013, Pages 181~188
A new scheme needed to improve digital information accessibility with overall environment for handicapped persons is introduced in this paper. The improvement effects of digital information accessibility for handicapped persons are expected only when all the necessary hardwares and softwares need to input, process, output of information with social elements are provided all together. There are many previous papers regarded on web accessibility or IT technologies for handicapped persons separately. However, these subjects and computer accessibility are described here as a combined subject, and a new integrated improvement scheme including social factors and technical factors is suggested in this paper.
A Study on Authorization Policy Management for Semantic Web
Jo, Sun-Moon ;
Journal of Digital Convergence, volume 11, issue 9, 2013, Pages 189~194
Semantic Web is what supports a search, data integration, and automated web service by developing technology of giving help so that a computer can understand information a little more on the web. As amount of information gets growing and diverse, there is a problem of offering by efficiently extracting and processing only information proper for users' demand. Semantic Web isn't what is distinguished completely from the existing web. It gives a meaning, which was well defined, to information of being inserted on web by expanding the current web. Through this, a computer and a person come to perform work cooperatively. To implement Semantic Web, the limit of HTML needs to be overcome. The existing access authorization has not taken information and semantics into account due to the limitations of HTML. It is difficult to expand or integrate many relevant documents by using HTML. Program or software agent, not a person, cannot extract a meaning of document automatically. This study suggests a method of Access Authorization Policy Management that is in the Semantic Web configuration. Accordingly, the policy, which was designed in this study, improved the authorization process more than the existing method.
Design on Smart Security Disk System with Wireless Interface of High Definition Image
Kim, Won ;
Journal of Digital Convergence, volume 11, issue 9, 2013, Pages 195~200
In visual surveillance system abandoned objects in public places are the deliberately left things, which should be automatically detected by intelligent systems in the environment where the number of cameras is increasing. This research deals with the design scheme of a smart security disk system which can detect these abandoned objects automatically and save the relevant image information with the wireless interface of high definition images. By implementing the proposed system in this research it is confirmed that the transmission performance shows 60 frames per second without compression of high definition images and the capability of the disk system shows the relevant images can be saved in a RAID configuration. Also, the proposed visual surveillance software shows a good detection rate of 80% in PAT performance.
Study of Mobile App GUI Interface for SAP
Yoon, KyungBae ; Park, Jong-Youel ; Park, Dea-Woo ;
Journal of Digital Convergence, volume 11, issue 9, 2013, Pages 201~207
Recently, the interest in a Mobile Office is increasing dramatically and the Smart Phone App Service begin in earnest to be requested in an area of applying SAP system to PC. This study aims to research the system which can be easily implemented with the configuration and Mobile App which cause difficulties in embodying SAP system-based Apps suitable for a mobile environment. First, by realizing SAP system interface that can operate in mobile devices in the form of GUI, assisting the connecting parts of SAP for the users-friendly set-up, providing the communication method of Client, Application, and SAP Service in the form of web service through TCP/IP, and finally showing cases of implementing the method of delivering the data request and result value of Server and Client in the form of XML suggest more effective and new method, the research suggests a new way of making the linkage of SAP more efficient.
Musculoskeletal Diseases in 119 Rescuers
Shin, Dong-Min ; Hong, Eun-Jeong ; Kim, Gyung-Yong ; Kim, Jee-Hee ; Moon, Tae-Young ;
Journal of Digital Convergence, volume 11, issue 9, 2013, Pages 209~219
The purpose of this study is to investigate the prevalence and to describe the correlation between the working period and musculoskeletal diseases of 119 rescuers. We conducted 485 surveys from 547 rescuers working in Gyeonggi-do from November 5 to December 20, 2011. The collected data were analyzed by cross tabulation analysis, chi-square test, and correlation analysis using PASW 18.0. The p value was set at p<.05. The prevalence of musculoskeletal diseases, 328(67.6%) rescuers suffering from musculoskeletal diseases. General characteristics included gender(p<.01), age(p<.01), marriage(p<.001),household chores(p<.05), working period(p<.001). The correlation between physical loading of subjects and musculoskeletal diseases was significant(p<.001). The rescuers felt the pain at lower back(36.4%), shoulders(19.2%), neck(14.9%), hip/ankles(13.2%), hand/wrist/fingers(12.0%), elbow(4.3%). This study showed that working period and physical loading affect musculoskeletal diseases.
The Effects of Alcohol Use, Depression, and Self-esteem on Suicidal Ideation of the Aged
Kwak, Yun-Bock ; Ko, Sung-Hee ; Kim, Hyun-Kyung ;
Journal of Digital Convergence, volume 11, issue 9, 2013, Pages 221~228
The purpose of this study was to examine the effects of alcohol use, depression, and self-esteem on suicidal ideation of older adults. Community-dwelling older adults aged 65 years and older were recruited from three welfare centers. A total of 245 older adults was assessed with the Alcohol Use Disorder Identification Test-Korean (AUDIT-K), Geriatric Depression Scale Short Form-Korea Version (GDSSF-K), Self-Esteem Scale (SES), and Scale for Suicidal Ideation (SSI). Descriptive statistics, Pearson's correlation, independent t-test, one-way ANOVA, and multiple regression analysis were performed using the SPSS WIN 19.0 program. Higher depression, lower self-esteem, no religion, and poorly perceived health were statistically significant determinants of higher level of suicidal ideation in older adults. To prevent or reduce suicidal ideation of older adults, health care providers should consider the determinants identified in this study.
Factors influencing the return of spontaneous circulation of patients with out-of-hospital cardiac arrest
Park, Il-Su ; Kim, Eun-Ju ; Sohn, Hae-Sook ; Kang, Sung-Hong ;
Journal of Digital Convergence, volume 11, issue 9, 2013, Pages 229~238
Out-of-hospital cardiac arrest is a major public health problem in Korea. The survival rate to discharge remains at approximately 3.5% and only 1% have good neurological function. To increase the survival rate, prehospital care should restore spontaneous circulation. The purpose of this study was to analyze the factors associated with return of spontaneous circulation(ROSC) after out-of-hospital cardiac arrest. Data used for this study were collected from KCDC Out-of-Hospital Cardiac Arrest Surveillance 2009. As for the results of decision tree analysis, it is clear that prehospital CPR, cardiac arrest witness, activity, past history(cancer/heart disease/stroke), place, bystander CPR, response time, age, etc are significant contributing factors in ROSC. Among 16 cardiac arrest types from decision tree classification, the ROSC rate of type 1 is the highest(29.6%). Also notable is the fact that bystander CPR was strongly correlated with ROSC of patents with cardiac arrest occurring in non-public places. Community resources should be concentrated on increasing bystander CPR and early prehospital emergency care.
The Effects of Family Resilience on the positive attitudes toward a Children with Disabilities and Non-Disabled Siblings
Bae, Seon-Young ; Cho, Nam-Ju ; Park, Sun-Ja ;
Journal of Digital Convergence, volume 11, issue 9, 2013, Pages 239~246
The purpose of this study was to identify the effects of family resilience on the positive attitudes toward a children with disabilities of non-disabled siblings. For this purpose, a survey data was collected from 110 siblings with disabled children. The general characteristics of the parent questionnaire, and the general characteristics of a child with a disability, non-disability sibling's general characteristics, be receptive attitude, consisted of family resilience, and the data were analyzed by frequency analysis, descriptive statistics, t test, ANOVA and regression analysis by SPSS 18.0. Structural equation was used for black AMOS18. The results of the measurement analysis were summarized as follows: 1. family resilience showed positive correlation with positive attitudes toward a children with disabilities of non-disabled siblings. 2. as a result of regression analysis for find out influence of family resilience on the positive attitude of non-disabled siblings, family resilience was statistically significant influence factors, which 50%, 50% explanatory power. In conclusion, these results reinforce the important of considering family context as a contributor to the positive attitudes toward a children with disabilities of non-disabled siblings, so it could be suggested that family resilience needs to be improve.
The Effect of pain control and improve function of knee applied to osteoarthritis by carbon surface heating
Son, Min-Young ; Lee, Byung-Hoon ; Oh, Kyeong-Ae ; Park, Jong ;
Journal of Digital Convergence, volume 11, issue 9, 2013, Pages 247~254
This study was to investigate the effects of pain control and improvement function to far infrared ray of carbon surface heating element applied on elderly women with knee osteoarthritis. The subjects for this study were forty-five subjects with osteoarthritis, who were divided convenice sampling into 3 groups, control(15 female, no intervention), ceramic far infrared ray(15 female, applied ceramic far infrared rays) and carbon surface-heating(15 female, applied carbon surface-heating) after treatment measuring VAS, PPT and K-WOMAC. These results represent decreased pain and improved function by applied carbon surface heating element and ceramic far infrared ray on osteoarthritis knee. Therefore, carbon surface heating element will be a good treatment for osteoarthritis.
A Study on The Regional Variation of Hypertension Medication Rate
Seok, Hyang-Sook ; Kang, Sung-Hong ;
Journal of Digital Convergence, volume 11, issue 9, 2013, Pages 255~265
The purpose of this study was to identify the variation factors of hypertension medication rate between regions and to use them as a basic data for establishment of hypertension management business plan which is customized by region. The data were collected from community health survey, National Statistics Office and National Health Insurance Corporation, and were analyzed using the geographically weighted regression. As the result of analysis, the factors that influenced the hypertension medication rate between regions were subjective recognition rate of health level, the rate of medical aid client and the number of health facility per one hundred thousand of population. According to the geographically weighted regression, the total of 230 regional regression models composed of major variables which affected the hypertension medication rate were calculated. However, this study has several limitations that the explanatory power of model is not high and others. Therefore, a follow-up study which is based on the actual data of compliance with hypertension medication will be necessary.
The relationship of College students' value on marriage, children and sexual attitude
Ju, Young-Hee ; Jung, Eun-Sook ; Shim, Moon-Sook ;
Journal of Digital Convergence, volume 11, issue 9, 2013, Pages 267~278
Purpose: The Purpose of this study was to identify the correlation of the Value on marriage, Children and Sexual attitude in college students. Method: Data were collected using a structured questionnaire that consisted of Value on marriage, Children and Sexual attitude from 2 colleges located in K-city. Final participants included 1,057 students. Results: Sexual attitude related to the value on marriage were differences in the family relationships first, to a celibate life, concerned about marriage, to get married at the age, should marry him, sex regardless, divorce can be even if child, Related to the child were necessity of children, to help economically, to fulfill the dream of parents, to put the house line, duty to society. Sexual attitude were inverse correlated to the religion, grade, valuable things as parents, necessity of children. Conclusion: Sexual attitude for college students significantly related value on marriage and children. In order to value on marriage and child according to the change on sexual attitude is recommended diverse healthy strategy in college students.
A Study on Stress of College Life and Self-efficacy on Depression among Students from Beauty-related Colleges
Yoo, Eun-Ju ; Kim, Soon-Ku ; Juong, Suk-Hui ;
Journal of Digital Convergence, volume 11, issue 9, 2013, Pages 279~287
This study has attempted to investigate the effect of the stress of college life and self-efficacy on depression against 366 students from beauty-related colleges. First, according to analysis on the stress of college life, self-efficacy and depression levels, the stress of college life was an intermediate level or lower (M=2.40). Among subordinate factors, 'academic performance' was the highest, followed by 'future career' and 'economic difficulties' in terms of a stress level. The self-efficacy was more than an intermediate level (M=3.21). Among subordinate factors, 'self-regulation' was the highest while 'difficult assignment' was the lowest in terms of a stress level. Second, the stress of college life showed a negative correlation with self-efficacy but positive correlation with depression. In addition, a negative correlation was observed between self-efficacy and depression. Third, in the stress of college life, 'academic performance' and 'values' had a positive effect. In self-efficacy, 'academic performance' and 'values' revealed a positive effect while 'confidence' and 'self-regulation' had a negative effect on depression.
Development of Advanced TB Case Classification Model Using NHI Claims Data
Park, Il-Su ; Kim, Yoo-Mi ; Choi, Youn-Hee ; Kim, Sung-Soo ; Kim, Eun-Ju ; Won, Si-Yeon ; Kang, Sung-Hong ;
Journal of Digital Convergence, volume 11, issue 9, 2013, Pages 289~299
The aim of this study was to enhance the NHI claims data-based tuberculosis classification rule of KCDC(Korea centers for disease control & prevention) for an effective TB surveillance system. 8,118 cases, 10% samples of 81,199 TB cases from NHI claims data during 2009, were subject to the Medical Record Survey about whether they are real TB patients. The final study population was 7,132 cases whose medical records were surveyed. The decision tree model was evaluated as the most superior TB patients detection model. This model required the main independent variables of age, the number of anti-tuberculosis drugs, types of medical institution, tuberculosis tests, prescription days, types of TB. This model had sensitivity of 90.6%, PPV of 96.1%, and correct classification rate of 93.8%, which was better than KCDC's TB detection model with two or more NHI claims for TB and TB drugs(sensitivity of 82.6%, PPV of 95%, and correct classification rate of 80%).
A Qualitative Study Based on Features of Smartphone Use by University Students
Lee, Myoun Jae ; Ko, Ki Sook ;
Journal of Digital Convergence, volume 11, issue 9, 2013, Pages 301~310
The purpose of this study is to explore the meanings of the features of university students with regard to their smartphone usage in order to establish the culture of good smartphone use. In-depth interviews were conducted with nine university students. The collected data were analyzed qualitative method. As a results, five theme and 18 subthemes of characteristic of smartphone usage were identified. Those themes include 1. background of smartphone usage, 2. attachment to smartphone usage, 3. building of my own the world, 4. emergence of new human relation, 5. burden of smartphone usage. This study provided practical suggestions and follow studies for good smartphone usage.
Facial Detection using Haar-like Feature and Bezier Curve
An, Kyeoung-Jun ; Lee, Sang-Yong ;
Journal of Digital Convergence, volume 11, issue 9, 2013, Pages 311~318
For face detection techniques, the correctness of detection decreases with different lightings and backgrounds so such requires new methods and techniques. This study has aimed to obtain data for reasoning human emotional information by analyzing the components of the eyes and mouth that are critical in expressing emotions. To do this, existing problems in detecting face are addressed and a detection method that has a high detection rate and fast processing speed good at detecting environmental elements is proposed. This method must detect a specific part (eyes and a mouth) by using Haar-like Feature technique with the application of an integral image. After which, binaries detect elements based on color information, dividing the face zone and skin zone. To generate correct shape, the shape of detected elements is generated by using a bezier curve-a curve generation algorithm. To evaluate the performance of the proposed method, an experiment was conducted by using data in the Face Recognition Homepage. The result showed that Haar-like technique and bezier curve method were able to detect face elements more elaborately.
Art Therapy impact on the lives of the elderly study
Kim, Sung-Min ;
Journal of Digital Convergence, volume 11, issue 9, 2013, Pages 319~324
The old man has different characteristics than those which have ages. To experience a variety of different environments and has tendencies because. Therefore, all the old uniform to the progress of art therapy is not possible and when you feel the need for self-treatment is effective participation hayeoyaman looks. Art therapy through the medium of art to express the inner feelings that are kept on the image of the elderly because of the feelings that naturally help revealing, emotion plays a role in mitigating the crisis. Art therapy in the treatment of non-verbal means of means of self-defense, so receives less control is reduced. In addition, the opportunity to use art media sensation itself reduced stimulation of the elderly a sense of the way so you are valued as a very useful educational program.
A study on a plasticity analysis for the Gilt-bronze Incense Burner of Baekje -Through a comparative analysis with Chinese Inlaid Gold Boshan Xianglu-
Shin, Dae-Teak ; Park, Seung-Chul ;
Journal of Digital Convergence, volume 11, issue 9, 2013, Pages 325~331
The Baekje Gilt-bronze Incense Burner which was excavated in an ancient temple site in Neungsan-ri, within the City wall of Buyeo-Gun on 23rd December 1993, was a quintessence of the Bakje Arts that people could not have imagined until that time. The Baekje Gilt-bronze Incense Burner transcended 1400 years of time and space. The censer that finally came up to us delivered a kind of a powerful message to us. The power was so strong and mysterious that as if an ancestor who had been sleeping in the grave with a great silent had woken up and become alive to tell us something very precious. Baekje Gilt-bronze Incense Burner, unlike any other existing artifacts, might have a possibility that could provide an insight of the ancients' psych who once lived on our land. This kind of view from several archaeologists, therefore, made our hearts be filled with excitement and flutter. We call 21st century as an era of culture. This era requests that the culture needs to be ethnical but the culture also needs to go beyond that ethnic. In other words, a culture without an ethnic cannot exist, and a culture that puts an ethnic the very first before any other things cannot exist as well. Regaining our identities first and then embracing and harmonizing various cultures can be an wise way overcoming above problem. Hence, through this study, I intend to recognize characteristic of plasticity for Baekje Gilt-bronze Incense Burner, understand the world of Baekje people's spirit and thus provide an opportunity to shed new light on the Baekje Arts. By doing so, I would like to publicize a metal craft of Korea to the world. I also try to seek for an identity of Korea's craft culture which is receding and find a direction for the Korea's craft.
Effect of news anchor's gender on affect of viewers and memory of news
Park, Dug-Chun ;
Journal of Digital Convergence, volume 11, issue 9, 2013, Pages 333~339
This research explores the effect of TV news anchor's gender on affect of viewer and memory of news based on elaboration likelihood model. For this experimental research, 2 groups of subjects composed of university students were exposed to different types of TV news and responded to survey questions about affect and short-term and long-term memory. This research found that subjects exposed to woman anchor's news showed higher degree of affect and short-term memory, but lower degree of trust than subjects exposed to man anchor's news, but interactive effect of viewers' involvement and anchor's gender as an peripheral clue was not found.
Analysis of Kickers' Strategic Actions for Finishing in Penalty Shoot-outs
Kim, Mun-Kyu ; Lee, Yang-Gu ;
Journal of Digital Convergence, volume 11, issue 9, 2013, Pages 341~348
The present study aims to analyze kickers' strategic actions for finishing in penalty shoot-outs among youth soccer players ultimately to increase success rates of shoot-outs and to score a victory. Subjects were experienced 271 soccer players attending high schools located around the capital area. To determine any difference in strategic actions for finishing in penalty shoot-outs among the subjects, frequency analysis or chi-square was used for the analysis. The analysis found the following points: First, the success or failure rates of kickers in penalty shoot-outs were found to depend on subjects' experiences as soccer players. Second, in terms of kickers' shooting qualities, they were found to shoot on goal regardless of shooting positions. Third, an important factor to enhance the shoot-outs probability was found to be a strategic action through the eyes. Fourth, in view of the strategic actions prior to kickers' shooting, goalies were found to check out kickers' positions first and estimate the directions and qualities of shooting via kickers' body actions and eye lines.
A Case Study on User Experience of Social Network Game
Kim, Kyoung-Nam ; Lee, MyounJae ;
Journal of Digital Convergence, volume 11, issue 9, 2013, Pages 349~356
The user experience of the game contents refers to the overall experience which players feel in the game play. As this experience increases, the immersion and satisfaction level extend. Therefore, the user experience is an important factor in determining success of the game. This study has the purpose for presenting importance of user experience about SNG (Social Network Game), which is the focal point recently. For this purpose, this study analyzes features of successful SNG game by comparing essential elements of user experience, such as user interface, usability, and interaction design elements. And then, this study discusses the user experience elements for enhancing the possibility of success of SNG game. This study can provide the information which is beneficial to the game immersion of SNG game players and user experience.
Study of Satisfaction in Implemented Approval Management System Based on Smart phone
Koo, MinJeong ; Yoon, KyungBae ; Ko, ChangBae ;
Journal of Digital Convergence, volume 11, issue 9, 2013, Pages 357~363
This study aims to establish and apply a mobile office app for approving the achievements of tasks assigned to each person to investigate resulting satisfaction. This is done first by implementing the app for approval in a company with smart phones to enable tasks to be carried out any time and anywhere while the mobile office environment changes the method of carrying out tasks. More efficient work environment is expected if the system implemented in this study is improved in cooperation with customer's requirements. Matters for improving work efficiency added to the approval management system through this app will contribute to efficiently and continuously improving the mobile office environment to enhance productivity and efficiency of a company.
Quantitative Analysis Methods for Adapting Image J programs on Mouse Calvarial defected Model
Jung, Hongmoon ; Won, Doyeon ; Jung, Jaeeun ;
Journal of Digital Convergence, volume 11, issue 9, 2013, Pages 365~370
This mouse calvarial defected model is frequently used for new scaffold development in the bone regeneration. Most experiments are carried out in this way by measuring the bone regeneration of mouse calvaria defected area. As a next step, hematoxylin and eosin staining is analyzed by sacrificing mice On the other hand, the quantitative analysis for bone regeneration is carried out by micro computed tomography. However, there are several drawbacks with the micro computed tomography. That is, it takes a long time and it is quite expensive for bone regeneration quantitative analysis. This study was performed by simply measuring the quantity of bone regeneration in mouse clavaira defected area on two-dimensional digital x-ray images via Image J. Consequentially, this experimental method by using J program might help bio-technologist researcher regarding new bone regeneration by comparing the quantity of bone regeneration quickly and precisely as well.