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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
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Journal of Digital Convergence
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
The Society of Digital Policy and Management
Editor in Chief :
Volume & Issues
Volume 14, Issue 8 - Aug 2016
Volume 14, Issue 7 - Jul 2016
Volume 14, Issue 6 - Jun 2016
Volume 14, Issue 5 - May 2016
Volume 14, Issue 4 - Apr 2016
Volume 14, Issue 3 - Mar 2016
Volume 14, Issue 2 - Feb 2016
Volume 14, Issue 1 - Jan 2016
Selecting the target year
An Exploratory Study on Construction of Electronic Government as Platform with Customized Public Services : to Improve Administrative Aspects of Administrative Processes and Information Systems
Lee, Sang-Yun ; Chung, Myungju ;
Journal of Digital Convergence, volume 14, issue 1, 2016, Pages 1~11
DOI : 10.14400/JDC.2016.14.1.1
Currently Korean government is rushing the new electronic government system introduced as 'platform e-government' with big data and cloud computing technologies and systems, ultimately intending to provide the public institution services customized from the integrated counter or window for the heterogeneous resident services. In this regard, this study suggested how to design the new metadata information system in which mutual integration of information systems can take place, where heterogeneous services can be shared efficiently at the application and data unit, as a separate application that can provide a single one- stop service for residents' petition at the integrated level in the back-office based on the public data in possession of each of government ministries and related organizations. If this proposed system is implemented, the achievement of customized public service can be advanced one step forward in processing the petitions of the residents by organically connected link between 'Demand Chain' and 'Supply Chain' in the integrated window. In other words, it could be made possible through the unification of both the 'Supply Chain' performed in the office space of the officials at the back-office level and the 'Demand Chain' performed in the living space of the residents at the front-office level.
Perception and Attitude of Pre-Service Early Childhood Education Teacher about The Introduction and Utilization of Smart Education
Lee, Young-Joo ; Gil, Hyo-Jung ;
Journal of Digital Convergence, volume 14, issue 1, 2016, Pages 13~23
DOI : 10.14400/JDC.2016.14.1.13
The purpose of this study is to examine the perceptions and attitudes of pre-service early childhood education teachers about the introduction and utilization of smart education. We selected 262 pre-service early childhood education teachers. The Focus Group Interview and questionnaire were used to measure the perceptions and attitudes about the introduction and utilization of smart education. As a result, most of pre-service early childhood education teachers use smart phones and they use extra two more hours except phone calls. The most frequent usage is text. It is affected to device utilization experience in class, impact on childhood development. FGI results of pre-service early childhood education teachers for the introduction and utilization of smart education were analyzed by 2 subjects, 4 categories, 18 items.
A Study on the Improvement Plan : Based on the Survey on the Teachers in Church Schools in Korea
Han, Man-Oh ;
Journal of Digital Convergence, volume 14, issue 1, 2016, Pages 25~31
DOI : 10.14400/JDC.2016.14.1.25
This study aims to suggest the improvement plan for the future church schools and the teachers after examining the reality and the situation of the teachers in church schools in Korea. In order to do this, the study examined the factors of the changes in Christian population in Korea, the factors of reduced number of Christian population and the factors of the reduced number of students in church schools. It also conducted the survey on the teachers in church schools to find the actual problems and situation of them. Based on the result and analysis of the survey, the study will suggest the alternative plans for improvement. The study asked 12 questions of 534 teachers to examine the real situations of the teachers in church schools in Korea and based on the analysis and result of it, the study will suggest a couple of alternatives to the teachers.
An Analysis of School Change of A Middle School according to the Free Semester Policy
Lee, In-Hoi ;
Journal of Digital Convergence, volume 14, issue 1, 2016, Pages 33~42
DOI : 10.14400/JDC.2016.14.1.33
The purpose of this study was to analyze a case of school change according to the free semester policy and provide its suggestions for the entire implementation of the policy in 2016. For the study, a middle school case was examined qualitatively. The main results are as follows: First, the structural change and psychological change should be simultaneously implemented in order to bring out overall school change. Second, the free semester should be focused on either teaching and learning improvement or career experience by having concrete action plans. Third, school stakeholders' trust and expectation should be improved by the consistency and continuity of the policy, and local educational authorities should reduce teachers work load as well as unnecessary works from the other areas besides teaching.
Study on the Money-relating Frustration among Local College Students in Convergence Era: Comparison between Local College Students and Seoul-located College Students
Yoo, Jiyoung ;
Journal of Digital Convergence, volume 14, issue 1, 2016, Pages 43~52
DOI : 10.14400/JDC.2016.14.1.43
Local college students are differenciated from Seoul-located university students and they experience discrimination and prejudice. The present paper examines the money-relating daily frustration among local university students compared to Seoul-located college students. For survey, twenty items were constructed in order to figure out daily frustration. About 400 local-college students and about 250 students were interviewed for the survey. As a result of Chi-square analysis, this study finds that local college students are more likely to confront money-relating frustration, compared to the Seoul-located college students. Youth allowance can be suggested for local college students in order to solve their confronting frustration, especially toward the convergence era.
An Analysis of Community Service Investment Project by the Framework of Output Analysis and Policy Issue
Bae, Hwa-Sook ;
Journal of Digital Convergence, volume 14, issue 1, 2016, Pages 53~63
DOI : 10.14400/JDC.2016.14.1.53
This study aims to discuss what is needed for meaningful development of social service, focusing on Community Service Investment Project(CSIP). The contents of CSIP were analyzed on applying the Analytic Framework by N. Gilbert and H. Specht and the values that were the basis of social choice. Based on the analysis of output and policy value of this Project, this study draws three social service policy issues. First, 'localization' is needed to be emphasized more in CSIP because there are few programs that take into account the regional peculiarities. Second, as the social services focused on the individuality of the citizen is more important, it is necessary to examine 'sustainability' of CSIP. Third, in relation to the community building, it is necessary to discuss the modification of the CSIP's goals. As process for improving community, it is needed to review for local residents not participating in decision-making process, income-based user selection and appropriateness of the term 'investment' in the project name.
A Study on the Variables associated with Leadership Life Skills in Nursing Students
Lee, Mi-Ryon ;
Journal of Digital Convergence, volume 14, issue 1, 2016, Pages 65~73
DOI : 10.14400/JDC.2016.14.1.65
The objective of this study was to investigate factors influencing leadership life skills of self esteem and club activities by nursing students. Participants were 331 nursing students in 3 cities. The data were analyzed with the SPSS/Win 20.0 programs, using descriptive statistics, Pearson's correlation coefficients and multiple regression. Findings revealed that; 1) Pearson's correlation revealed a significant association among leadership life skills and self esteem; 2) hierarchical multiple regression analysis showed self esteem and major satisfaction significantly influenced leadership life skills in nursing students. The regression model explained 29.6% of leadership life skills. These findings can be utilized to development of strategies for increasing leadership life skills of nursing students.
The Core Module, "Viz-Data" of the User Interface Platform using the Public Data
Kim, Mi-Yun ;
Journal of Digital Convergence, volume 14, issue 1, 2016, Pages 75~82
DOI : 10.14400/JDC.2016.14.1.75
The most of public services that we use these days is distributed and supplied as 'App' service because of wide spread of smat phones. Especially, since the interest of general citizens about usabilitu of public data has been increased, in case of Seoul, people can reach the data through 'Seoul Open Data Plaza' of 25 regions of Seoul. It becomes possible to construct various throughout this system. Ultimately, in case of users, they are provided many services through their electronic media. Looking at the development and research of public data service, they are mostly focusing on service or building up the service, but the research on visualization of contents is insufficient. This study is suggesting the specific plan and directionality of building public service using the public data which studied in the advanced research, "The user interface platform". Finally. this research is for a right usage of public data in the smart urban environment in near future and providing the practical public service.
The Influence of Tourist's Ethical Consumption Concept on Fair Tourism Attitude and Purchasing Intention of Fair Tourism on Tourism Social Media -Considering Risk Perception of Ethical Consumption as the Mediator-
Park, Hyun-Jee ;
Journal of Digital Convergence, volume 14, issue 1, 2016, Pages 83~90
DOI : 10.14400/JDC.2016.14.1.83
This study is focused on analysing the relationship among ethical consumption concept, fair tourism attitude and purchasing intention of ethical consumption on tourism social media with considering risk perception of ethical consumption as a mediator between fair tourism attitude and purchasing intention of ethical consumption. We found the results as follows. First, the statistically positive relationship is found between ethical consumption concept and fair tourism attitude and between fair tourism attitude and purchasing intention of ethical consumption. And also we observed that the moderating effects of risk perception of ethical consumption on the relationship between fair tourism attitude and purchasing intention of ethical consumption. The most important is resulted as offering fair tourism information through social media.
The Effect of Psychological Disposition on Omni-Channel Shopping in the Age of Digital Convergence: Focusing on Extraversion-Introversion and Variety-Seeking Tendency
Min, Dongwon ;
Journal of Digital Convergence, volume 14, issue 1, 2016, Pages 91~97
DOI : 10.14400/JDC.2016.14.1.91
The technological environment is rapidly affecting the way of shopping. When consumers go about retail activities, they not only use a single channel (e.g., traditional stores, mobile) but also combine different channels. This research focuses on the factors which influence the favorableness toward omni-channel shopping. Specifically, this paper investigates the effect of extraversion-introversion on the omni-channel shopping favorableness. Moreover, the effect of variety-seeking tendency is examined as a mediator. The results of an experiment using PROCESS program find that when participants are more extravert, they show greater favorableness toward omni-channel shopping and variety-seeking tendency mediates the effect of extraversion-introversion. Based on the findings, this research proposes managerial implications and several directions for further research.
A Study on the Effect of Aligning with Management Strategy and Strategic Performance Management on Firm's Performance in Medium and Small Firms
Lee, Sang-ho ; Yoon, Sang-han ; Chang, Sung-ho ; Kim, Hyun-jun ; Bae, Ik-soon ;
Journal of Digital Convergence, volume 14, issue 1, 2016, Pages 99~119
DOI : 10.14400/JDC.2016.14.1.99
Medium and Small Firms have faced complex and dynamic environments that have been attributed to increases in the globalization and competitiveness of the global economy. To success in this environments, Medium and Small Firms should set up management strategy and introduce strategic performance management system. And, the strategic performance management system are modified to fit in management strategy. The purpose of this study is to find out firstly, whether management strategy types affect the organizational performance and the intensity of the types makes a difference on the performance and secondly, whether the evaluation system or the degree of utilizing the system affects the organizational performance and finally, whether the interaction between management strategy types and strategic performance management system makes a significant influence on the organizational performance. In this paper, we categorize the type of strategy for Medium and Small Firms in Gyeongsangbuk-do and Daegu areas, and study whether Firm's performance can be improved by designing appropriate strategic performance management system.
A study of the decision to standardize sale price of supplying apartment houses using Analytic Hierarchy Process
Hwang, Kyu-Sung ; Lee, Chan-Ho ;
Journal of Digital Convergence, volume 14, issue 1, 2016, Pages 121~129
DOI : 10.14400/JDC.2016.14.1.121
The purpose of this study is to set a standard for sale prices of supplying apartment houses about decision factors in sale price of supplying apartment houses using Analytic Hierarchy Process. This is done by modeling decision factors in sale price of supplying apartment houses as hierarchy. According to the modeled hierarchy, the relative importance of supplying factors are determined using a survey of a group of real estate experts. In addition, through Analytic Hierarchy Process, the relative importance of phased sale prices of supplying apartment is analyzed in order to set a standard to estimate competitive sale prices of newly supplying apartment houses.
Effect of MMS Addiction on User's Health and Academic Performance in an Era of Convergence
Kim, Byoungsoo ; Kang, Minhyung ;
Journal of Digital Convergence, volume 14, issue 1, 2016, Pages 131~139
DOI : 10.14400/JDC.2016.14.1.131
Given social problems of service addiction such as mobile messenger services(MMSs), many studies on service management and information systems have examined the negative outcomes of service addiction. MMS addiction significantly influences user's health and academic performance. In this regard, this study investigated the effects of MMS addiction on user's health and academic performance problems. We posit personal traits and service features as key antecedents of MMS addiction. The research framework was tested by using survey data collected from 162 university students who have frequently used Kakaotalk. The analysis results found that MMS addiction significantly influences users' health and academic performance problems. The findings of this study indicate that self-esteem and self-control play an important role in generating MMS addiction. While attention significantly affects MMS addiction, social relationship formation and perceived enjoyment are not significantly associated with MMS addiction. The analysis results help MMS providers and government establish policies or guidelines to induce healthy MMS use.
Effects on the System, Contents, and Service Quality of e-book User Purchase
Na, Yun-Bin ; Lee, Seoung-Ha ; Myeong, You-Jin ; Jo, Se-Ran ;
Journal of Digital Convergence, volume 14, issue 1, 2016, Pages 141~150
DOI : 10.14400/JDC.2016.14.1.141
The e-book technology is developing day by day with the expansion of e-ink technology. However, consumers' complaint over contents which are relatively deficient compared to paper book, the issue of compatibility of file between bookstores is not improved as yet. This means that present e-book market needs study in the viewpoint of consumer who intend to accept requirement of market instead of viewpoint of technical development. Thus, this study intends to measure the quality of three main attributes such as system, contents and service based on IS Success Model which compose e-book to identify the influence on readers' purchase intention. Result, System quality is to device purchase intention, and Contents quality is to e-book pruchase intention, it showed a significant damaging effect on.
A Study on Characteristics of Eco-friendly Behaviors using Big Data: Focusing on the Customer Sales Data of Green Card
Lim, Mi Sun ; Kim, Jinhwa ; Byeon, Hyeonsu ;
Journal of Digital Convergence, volume 14, issue 1, 2016, Pages 151~161
DOI : 10.14400/JDC.2016.14.1.151
As part of a policy to address climate change and pollution problem, the government introduced a green credit card scheme in order to motivate pro-environmental behaviors in July 2011. It is important to present the specific ways to facilitate pro-environmental behaviors using the consumer behavior pattern data. This study was a result of data from total fifty seven thousands customer purchasing history data of green credit card to be created for the 3 months from January to March 2015. As the analysis process is put in to operation the analysis of the purchasing customer's profile firstly, and the second come into association analysis to consider the buying associations for green products purchasing networks, the third estimate the useful parameters to affect the customer's pro-environmental behavior and customer characteristics. It shows that royal customers are from 30 to 40 years old and their incomes are from 30 million won to 40 million won. Especially, they live in Daegu, Gyeonggi, and Seoul.
A Study on Effect of Organizational Performance of SME in Gumi by R&D Learning Organization
Ahn, Joong Min ; Shin, Tae Shik ; Kim, Tae Sung ;
Journal of Digital Convergence, volume 14, issue 1, 2016, Pages 163~170
DOI : 10.14400/JDC.2016.14.1.163
The purpose of this study is to determine the effect of R&D learning organization activities of domestic small and medium-sized businesses on economic/technological results. This study, through investigation on preceding studies of domestic and foreign learning organization researchers, examined the definition, characteristics, and deteriorating factors of learning organization, and learned dependent variables, which are the definition of organizational performance, and relationship between learning organization and organizational performance. Then it performed a survey targeting small- and medium-sized businesses in Gumi and grasped the relationship between R&D capability (study planning, vision goal adequacy, project management, commercialization of technologies) and learning organization capability (creation of constant learning opportunities, knowledge sharing and utilizing system, strategic learning leadership) by classifying them to seven independent variables, using regression analysis. Because this study grasped the effect of R&D learning organization activities on organizational performance, it is expected to promote forming R&D learning organization for active R&D activities and contribute to enhancing small and medium-sized businesses' recognition on the need of R&D activities.
Location-based Clustering for Skewed-topology Wireless Sensor Networks
Choi, Hae-Won ; Ryu, Myung-Chun ; Kim, Sang-Jin ;
Journal of Digital Convergence, volume 14, issue 1, 2016, Pages 171~179
DOI : 10.14400/JDC.2016.14.1.171
The energy consumption problem in wireless sensor networks is investigated. The problem is to expend as little energy as possible receiving and transmitting data, because of constrained battery. In this paper, in order to extend the lifetime of the network, we proposed a location-based clustering algorithm for wireless sensor network with skewed-topology. The proposed algorithm is to deploy multiple child nodes at the sink to avoid bottleneck near the sink and to save energy. Proposed algorithm can reduce control traffic overhead by creating a dynamic cluster. We have evaluated the performance of our clustering algorithm through an analysis and a simulation. We compare our algorithm's performance to the best known centralized algorithm, and demonstrate that it achieves a good performance in terms of the life time.
A Design of the Cat's Eye System with Low Power Consumption Using Solar Energy
Kim, Keun-Sik ; Kim, Jong-Hoon ;
Journal of Digital Convergence, volume 14, issue 1, 2016, Pages 181~187
DOI : 10.14400/JDC.2016.14.1.181
Typical Retro-reflectors installed on road have problems such as limiting a driver's visibility at night when it is foggy or rainy. On the other hand, LED illuminated studs, called cat's eye system, extends a driver's visibility under these conditions. In this paper, we present a design of the LED cat's eye system using solar energy that can sustain vehicles with about 30-ton weight and is compliant with the IP68 code for water proof as IEC standard 60529. In addition, we propose a scheme of designing a LED driving circuit consuming low power to take into accounts cold weather or rainy season with limited sunlight. This LED cat's eye studs is currently installed and used on expressway and bike route nationally as well as overseas.
Realtime 3D Human Full-Body Convergence Motion Capture using a Kinect Sensor
Kim, Sung-Ho ;
Journal of Digital Convergence, volume 14, issue 1, 2016, Pages 189~194
DOI : 10.14400/JDC.2016.14.1.189
Recently, there is increasing demand for image processing technology while activated the use of equipments such as camera, camcorder and CCTV. In particular, research and development related to 3D image technology using the depth camera such as Kinect sensor has been more activated. Kinect sensor is a high-performance camera that can acquire a 3D human skeleton structure via a RGB, skeleton and depth image in real-time frame-by-frame. In this paper, we develop a system. This system captures the motion of a 3D human skeleton structure using the Kinect sensor. And this system can be stored by selecting the motion file format as trc and bvh that is used for general purposes. The system also has a function that converts TRC motion captured format file into BVH format. Finally, this paper confirms visually through the motion capture data viewer that motion data captured using the Kinect sensor is captured correctly.
Analysis of Direction Finding Accuracy for Amplitude-Phase Comparison and Correlative Interferometer Method
Lim, Joong-Soo ; Chae, Gyoo-Soo ;
Journal of Digital Convergence, volume 14, issue 1, 2016, Pages 195~201
DOI : 10.14400/JDC.2016.14.1.195
In this paper, we present the direction finding accuracy of correlative interferometer method and amplitude-phase comparison method. Spiral antennas are used for amplitude-phase comparison method and blade antennas are used for correlative interferometer method. Those are made for uniform circular array (UCA) direction finding antenna systems. We simulate the accuracy of azimuth angle with 3 antennas UCA when SNR is 20 dB and baseline is 0.5 wave length. Correlative interferometer method has better accuracy than amplitude-phase comparison method.
Nonlinear Inference Using Fuzzy Cluster
Park, Keon-Jung ; Lee, Dong-Yoon ;
Journal of Digital Convergence, volume 14, issue 1, 2016, Pages 203~209
DOI : 10.14400/JDC.2016.14.1.203
In this paper, we introduce a fuzzy inference systems for nonlinear inference using fuzzy cluster. Typically, the generation of fuzzy rules for nonlinear inference causes the problem that the number of fuzzy rules increases exponentially if the input vectors increase. To handle this problem, the fuzzy rules of fuzzy model are designed by dividing the input vector space in the scatter form using fuzzy clustering algorithm which expresses fuzzy cluster. From this method, complex nonlinear process can be modeled. The premise part of the fuzzy rules is determined by means of FCM clustering algorithm with fuzzy clusters. The consequence part of the fuzzy rules have four kinds of polynomial functions and the coefficient parameters of each rule are estimated by using the standard least-squares method. And we use the data widely used in nonlinear process for the performance and the nonlinear characteristics of the nonlinear process. Experimental results show that the non-linear inference is possible.
Research Analysis on User's Acceptability of Digital Contents Distribution among Individuals
Sohn, Bang Yong ; Suh, Hye Sun ;
Journal of Digital Convergence, volume 14, issue 1, 2016, Pages 211~217
DOI : 10.14400/JDC.2016.14.1.211
There have been gradually established paid using system on contents, such as sound source, webtoon etc, with which licences are systematically managed. However, rampant free sites still mostly relying on advertising revenue make difficulties on lots of contents developers and obstruct the protection of their resonable right. In this situation, we need systematic measures to protect copyright of authors and to maximize use of contents of users. Therefore, it is important to handle the convenience of digital contents distribution and the diversity of contents license(differentiating permission rate according to user's purpose, scope, service period etc), based on the need of contents users. This paper implies to guideline to install contents distribution platform of individuals and to apprehend the need and acceptability of users in order to activate digital contents transaction on individuals.
Graduate school experiences of married women in the nursing profession
Shin, Ja Hyun ; Kang, Kyung-Ok ; Lee, Su-Jin ; Kim, Hyun-Sook ;
Journal of Digital Convergence, volume 14, issue 1, 2016, Pages 219~227
DOI : 10.14400/JDC.2016.14.1.219
The purpose of this study is to gain an understanding of the experiences of nurses in graduate school who fill multiple professional roles. The research's participants were women in the nursing profession studying towards postgraduate degrees. Their experiences were analyzed using Colaizzi's phenomenological method of qualitative research. The results showed that participants feel constantly short of time, pressure from the demands of their study, guilt owing to inability to fulfill family commitments, struggles related to the conflicts of multiple roles, and the feeling of satisfaction from accomplishing professional goals. This paper suggests that if nurses undergoing graduate study have an organized support system to help them perform the roles, they will find an identity in the nursing profession and will take care of their patients more professionally as a result. Such support depends in part on health administrators' greater understanding of the nurses' circumstances.
Professional Job Perception and Its Related Factors among Medical Recorders engaged in General Hospitals
Shin, Eun-Sook ;
Journal of Digital Convergence, volume 14, issue 1, 2016, Pages 229~240
DOI : 10.14400/JDC.2016.14.1.229
This study was conducted to the purpose of elucidating the factors affecting the professional job perception of the medical recorders working at general hospitals. The study subjects were 428 medical recorders working at general hospitals. The survey was conducted using a standardized self-administered questionnaire from September 1 to 30, 2015. As a results, the professional job perceptions of the subjects were significantly related to the group of lower age, lower educational level, the unmarried group than the married group, lower monthly income, lower BMI, lower job position, dissatisfaction in work, unfit to the job, considering quit the job, irregular exercise, irregular eating breakfast, lower perception on socioeconomic status of medical recorders, lower perception on socioeconomic status of oneself, and lower future status of medical recorders. In particular, hierarchical multiple regression analysis showed that the sociodemographic characteristics and the job related characteristics is highly correlated with the professional job perception. In conclusion, it suggested that the professional job perception of medical recorders was significantly related to the sociodemographic characteristics and the job related characteristics.
The effects of workplace bullying on turnover intention in hospital nurses
Kim, Hyun-Jung ; Park, Dahye ;
Journal of Digital Convergence, volume 14, issue 1, 2016, Pages 241~252
DOI : 10.14400/JDC.2016.14.1.241
The purpose of the study is to investigate the effects of workplace bullying of turnover intention in hospital nurses. The subjects were 500 nurses in general hospitals. Data were collected by self-administered questionnaires which were gathered March 1 to 20 in 2014. and analyzed by hierarchical multiple regression. In conclusion, turnover intention shows the positive correlation with workplace bullying while indicating the negative correlation with nurses' work environment, emotional intelligence and job satisfaction. Also, the workplace bullying had a significantly positive effect on turnover intention. The nurses' work environment, emotional intelligence and job satisfaction had negative effects on turnover intention. The job satisfaction was the mediating effect on the workplace bullying in turnover intention. The results of the study showed the importance of workplace bullying, nurses' work environment, emotional intelligence and job satisfaction in explaining turnover intention of nurses. The convergence programs to prevent workplace bullying should be developed and implemented to the nursing organization.
Optimization of enzymatic hydrolysis of viscera waste proteins of black body fowl(Yeonsan Ogae) to produce peptides using a commercial protease and it's characters analysis
Choi, So-Young ; Kim, A-Yeon ; Song, Yu-Rim ; Ji, Joong-Gu ; Yoo, Sun-Kyun ;
Journal of Digital Convergence, volume 14, issue 1, 2016, Pages 253~262
DOI : 10.14400/JDC.2016.14.1.253
Yeonsan Ogae has been known as supporting health and high efficacy of treatment. In recent days, as the efficacy of functional peptides has known, the optimization of oligo peptides production and its characteristics from Ogae viscera has been performed. Response surface method was used to perform the optimizaion of enzyme hydrolysis. The range of processes was temperature (40, 50 and
), pH(6.0, 7.0 and 8.0), and enzyme(1, 2 and 3%). The degree of hydrolysis, amono acids, molecular weight of products were analyzed. The optimum process of enzyme hydrolysis were determined as temperature
, pH 7.5, and enzyme concetration 3%. At optimum conditions, the degree of hydrolysis after 2 h reaction was 75-80%. The total amino acids of amino acid and were 386.15 mg/100 g and 155.26 mg/100 g, respectively. The molecular weight of products by using Maldi-TOF was ranged from 300 to 1,000 Da.
Relations between Clinical practice Emotional labor, Self esteem and Major Satisfaction of among Nursing Students
Nam, Mun-Hee ; Kim, Hae-Ok ;
Journal of Digital Convergence, volume 14, issue 1, 2016, Pages 263~273
DOI : 10.14400/JDC.2016.14.1.263
This study was done to identify the relationship between emotional labor, self-esteem, and major satisfaction of clinical practice among nursing students. Participants were 199 nursing students who had clinical practice that located in B- city and K- do during the period from August 3rd to 17th, 2015. The average mean scores for self esteem, emotional labor, and major satisfaction were 3.53, 3.26 and 3.46 (5 scale). Pearson's correlation revealed self esteem had a significant positive effect on major satisfaction, while emotional labor had a negative effect on major satisfaction. Factors having a significant influence on major satisfaction included self esteem, satisfaction of college life, and level of academic scores. These factors explained 34.0% of variance in major satisfaction. Thus, the satisfaction of college life, self esteem, and academic score were required to manage for major satisfaction of nursing students.
A Path Analysis of Variables Influencing customer orientation of Hospital Nurses
Do, Eun-Su ; Seo, Young-Sook ;
Journal of Digital Convergence, volume 14, issue 1, 2016, Pages 275~284
DOI : 10.14400/JDC.2016.14.1.275
This study is to find out the casual relationship among nursing organization culture, job satisfaction, and organizational commitment that affects customer orientation. The participants were 261 hospital nurses. Data were collected through questionnaires and analyzed using SPSS and AMOS programs. The result of this study can be summarized as follows. First, job satisfaction, and organizational commitment showed a direct effect on customer orientation of hospital nurses. Second, nursing organization culture, Job satisfaction, showed an indirect effect on customer orientation of hospital nurses. This implies that, to achieve enhancing of hospital nurses' customer orientation, enhancing job satisfaction, organizational commitment while simultaneously nursing organization culture for an organization is more effective.
Virtual Reality-based Training Program Using Computer-human Interface for Recovery of Upper Extremity Use in Stroke Patients
Lee, Kyoung-Hee ; Hwang, Ki-Chul ;
Journal of Digital Convergence, volume 14, issue 1, 2016, Pages 285~290
DOI : 10.14400/JDC.2016.14.1.285
To identify virtual reality (VR) interventions used for upper extremity rehabilitation in stroke patients. The Medline database was searched up to February 11, 2015. Randomized controlled and clinical trials that included a VR intervention for upper extremity rehabilitation in stroke patients were included. The Physiotherapy Evidence Database (PEDro) scale was used to assess the quality of the included studies. In total, 8 studies were included. PEDro scores varied from 5 to 8/10. All studies showed significant improvement in outcomes in favor of the VR group. This review suggests that VR applications used for upper extremity rehabilitation in stroke patients predominantly mediate learning through providing task-oriented and graduated learning with variable and unpredictable practice.
The convergent influence of Perceived Stress and the Empowerment on Rehabilitation motive of Stroke patients
Kang, Hyo-Jeong ; Kwon, Suhye ; Youn, Soon-Chul ;
Journal of Digital Convergence, volume 14, issue 1, 2016, Pages 291~303
DOI : 10.14400/JDC.2016.14.1.291
The purpose of this study has been done to identify the influencing factors on rehabilitation motive of stroke patients. A sample of 138 stroke patients in Long-term Care and rehabilitation hospitals completed questionnaires through face - to - face interviews. Data were analyzed using descriptive statistics, t-test, ANOVA, Pearson's correlation coefficient, and Stepwise multiple regression. Rehabilitation motive of stroke pacients was correlated with empowerment (r=.467, p<.001), but not with perceived stress(r=.-.186, p=.029). In a multiple regression, empowerment (
, p<.001) and primary care-giver (
, p=.023) were associated with rehabilitation motive. These factors attributed to 24% of the total variance in rehabilitation motive. Therefore, the study finding suggests that these significant factors should be considered when developing and implementing convergent care strategies for stroke patients in order to promote their rehabilitation motive.
Convergence Risk Factors for Thyroid Nodules Diagnosed Ultrasound
Lee, Hye-Nam ; Park, Yeon-Hwa ;
Journal of Digital Convergence, volume 14, issue 1, 2016, Pages 305~310
DOI : 10.14400/JDC.2016.14.1.305
Recently as the ultrasonography became generalized, the annual change rate of the incidence of thyroid cancer extraordinarily grew to 24.5% in Korea. Therefore, the aim of this study was performed to identify the risk factors of thyroid cancer apart from conventional risk factors of dietary iodine and ionizing radiation. In this retrospective study, 411 patients underwent fine-needle aspiration biopsy were examined from January 2011 to March 2013. The subjects are divided into two groups which are 260 patients with benign nodule and 151 patients with malignancy nodule. We compared age, hematologic values, body mass index, waist circumference, menopausal status, breast nodules status, uterine myoma status, fatty liver status of targeted group of patients. According to the result, in thyroid cancer group with obesity, the number of case of breast nodules and myoma was higher, and their thyroid stimulating hormone values was higher than the benign nodule group. In order to establish factors influencing thyroid and thyroid cancer, there is a definite need for continuous study.
The Convergence Study of Self-Management and Self-efficacy on Health Promotion Activities of University Student
Lee, Sook Ryon ;
Journal of Digital Convergence, volume 14, issue 1, 2016, Pages 311~320
DOI : 10.14400/JDC.2016.14.1.311
Purpose: A descriptive study to focus the life style, self-efficacy and health promotion activity of university students, to analyze the phase-to-phase relationship between and impact on health promoting behaviors. Method: At K University among 225 students on 22-26th August 2014. Self-management and self-efficacy of  and health promotion activities of  are used for the measuring tools. Results: Health promotion activity with general characteristics is major, living and allowed time is a significant different. Between health promotion activity and self management of health variables were shown moderate correlation. Self-efficacy was too. The relevant explanatory factors influencing the self management of health promotion activities was found to be 64.0%. Conclusion: This study suggests that to improve the health promotion activities, measures to promote self-management and self-efficacy are required and the development of health promotion program is needed.
Gene Polymorphism of TNF-α in Korean Generalized Aggressive Periodontitis
Kim, Il-Shin ;
Journal of Digital Convergence, volume 14, issue 1, 2016, Pages 321~326
DOI : 10.14400/JDC.2016.14.1.321
The aim of this study was to evaluate the association between TNF polymorphism and generalized aggressive periodontitis (GAP) in Korean subjects. The study population consisted of 60 subjects with GAP and 81 reference group. Genomic DNA was extracted from the buccal swabs and the polymorphisms of
, -238 promoter genes,
and TNFR 2+587 were determined by PCR-RFLP using restriction enzymes. The genotype distribution in the GAP were 3.2%, 38.7%, and 82.35% for A/A, A/G and G/G genotypes of
. At the position of
, the genotype distribution in the GAP were 25.5% and 74.5% for A/G and G/G genotypes. Allele A frequency of
were 67.6% in GAP and 72.2% in reference group. According to these findings, the polymorphism at
and -238 may be associated with GAP in Korean.
Investigation of Healthy Life Practices among Korean Males and Females in relation to Dyslipidemia Using data from the 2012 Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey
Lee, Sun-Hee ; Seomun, GyeongAe ;
Journal of Digital Convergence, volume 14, issue 1, 2016, Pages 327~338
DOI : 10.14400/JDC.2016.14.1.327
The purpose of the present study is to determine the occurrence of dyslipidemia and the effects of health life practices among Korean males and females. The study subjects were 4,036 persons aged at least 19 years, as selected from the health questionnaire data out of the third year data(2012) Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey. They were divided into a dyslipidemia group of 2,092 subjects (male 1,042, female 1,050) and a normal group of 1,944 subjects (male 740, female 1,204) by applying the dyslipidemia treatment guidelines of the Korean Society of Lipidology and Atherosclerosis. In the present study, the SPSS 18.0 program was used to conduct t-tests, a
, and a logistic regression analysis of descriptive statistics. Therefore, dyslipidemia-related healthy life practice programs should apply the characteristics of Korean males and females that show differences in serum lipid concentrations and to this end, continued studies, and national-level customized education applying the effects of healthy life practices is considered necessary.
Comprehensive Understanding of the Double-sidedness of Sexual Fantasy: focused on disability, crime and treatment
Sin, Na-Ra ; Song, Wonyoung ;
Journal of Digital Convergence, volume 14, issue 1, 2016, Pages 339~351
DOI : 10.14400/JDC.2016.14.1.339
Comprehensive Understanding of the Double-sidedness of Sexual Fantasy: focused on disability, crime and treatment. This study was to understand the double-sidedness of sexual fantasy. First, definition of normal sexual fantasy and abnormal sexual fantasy in former researches is discussed. Secondly, sexual fantasy's role as a risk factor in the context of obsessional discomfort or sexual crime. Thirdly, guideline and principle when using sexual fantasy as a tool of treatment. Fourthly, measuring and evaluating tools of sexual fantasy were reviewed and necessity of developing new scale was proposed. In addition, summary and ideas for further research were suggested.
Anti-Inflammatory Effects of Fusion-Fermented Aralia continentalis Radix (fACR) on THP-1 cells
Jung, Young-Mi ; Lee, Dong-Sub ; Kwon, Ki-Sang ;
Journal of Digital Convergence, volume 14, issue 1, 2016, Pages 353~361
DOI : 10.14400/JDC.2016.14.1.353
This study was to demonstrate the anti-inflammation effect using extracts derived from fusion-fermentation to add the function of Araliae Continentalis Radix (fACR). Since there are limitations to the use of ACR, available strains were selected through fermentation using lactobacillus strains, and the increases in total amount of polyphenols and amino acids was confirmed through comparison with Hot Water Extract of ACR. To determine the anti-inflammatory effect of the fACR was measure cytokine inflammation associated with arthritis, the arthritis when cartilage destruction is accompanied mainly MMP-9 activity was confirmed to evaluate the inhibition effect. These results show that fermentation using lactobacillus increases major biological activities and inflammatory response-restraining effects of ACR. This study is expected to be a basis for studying the preventive effect of fACR on arthritis.
Factors Influencing VDT syndrome among male adolescents with risk of digital addiction
Seomun, GyeongAe ; Lee, Youngjin ;
Journal of Digital Convergence, volume 14, issue 1, 2016, Pages 363~370
DOI : 10.14400/JDC.2016.14.1.363
The purpose of this study was to determine the influential factors associated with video display terminal (VDT) syndrome of male adolescents with digital device addition. The study design was cross-sectional descriptive survey. The study participants were 169 male middle school students in Seoul. A structured questionnaire was used for data collection and data were analyzed using the SPSS program. The factors most influential for the subjective symptoms of VDT were smartphone addiction, computer use time during the week, computer use environment. These factors accounted for 28.1% of the variance in subjective symptoms of VDT. In order to prevent the occurrence of VDT syndrome in students, we suggest to establish a preventive intervention against the digital addiction.
Development of Game management system suitable for mobile games
Lee, Dong-Seong ; Ryu, Seuc-Ho ; Kyung, Byung-Pyo ; Lee, Dong-Lyeor ; Lee, Dong-Yeop ; Lee, Wan-Bok ;
Journal of Digital Convergence, volume 14, issue 1, 2016, Pages 371~377
DOI : 10.14400/JDC.2016.14.1.371
In the area of mobile game, the job of data analysis is very important. As the mobile game market is being expanded, the characteristics of the market have been so much changed, that the contents updating and marketing strategy should be built on thorough understanding and analysis result of the gamers' needs and their play pattern. Thus the importance of the mobile game management system can not be overemphasized. However, in practice, most of the mobile game companies are small scale, and they have intrinsic problem to provide successful game service to user with a dedicated operating team. To overcome these problems, this paper suggests an efficient mobile game management system based on our already developed mobile game. And the effectiveness of our system is illustrated by our case examples such as prompt response to user question or refund request. Our proposed system also played an important role to plan additional contents update, providing scientific data analysis result on user's play pattern and purchase trend.
Exploring Korean Collegians' Smartphone Game Behavior: Focusing on Conciseness, Perceived Ease of Use, Perceived Enjoyment, Flow, and Intent to Use
Joo, Jihyuk ;
Journal of Digital Convergence, volume 14, issue 1, 2016, Pages 379~386
DOI : 10.14400/JDC.2016.14.1.379
This study explored Korean college students' smartphone game behavior for the pastime. Smartphone games have weakness that is not appropriate for playing the game because of small screen and non-sophisticated interface for operation. To defeat the disadvantage, the games employed minimalism like conciseness or simplicity. The study explored how conciseness influences perceived ease of use, perceived enjoyment, flow, and intent to use the game through PLS path modeling. We found that every hypothesis except a path, perceived ease of use to flow, proved significant. This result means that smartphone game design should consider the interface of users' convenience and user experience practically. Finally, based on the findings, suggestions for future studies were discussed.
A Study on Social Interaction Factors Influencing on Excessive Online Game Usage
Kim, Yong-Young ; Kim, Mi-Hye ;
Journal of Digital Convergence, volume 14, issue 1, 2016, Pages 387~398
DOI : 10.14400/JDC.2016.14.1.387
The market size of online games has been rapidly growing as well as the behaviors of online gaming users have been changed. Online games are different from the traditional video games, because they permit players to interact each other during playing games. Today online gaming is a part of everyday life and social interaction has an impact on online gaming behaviors. Social interaction does not only have a positive impact on online game behaviors, but it also has a negative impact on them such as excessive online game usage. Previous research has a limitation to consider social interaction as a comprehensive concept. In order to fill the gap, we explore the factors of social interaction influencing on excessive online game usage. After reviewing previous literature, this study chooses three factors of social interaction such as escaping loneliness, expanding online social bridging capital, and reinforcing offline social bonding capital. The findings show that all of three factors of social interaction positively affect the excessive online game usage.
A Study on fusion design development direction of the Flexible display base
Kim, Hwoi-Kwang ;
Journal of Digital Convergence, volume 14, issue 1, 2016, Pages 399~405
DOI : 10.14400/JDC.2016.14.1.399
Head-Up Display, an information-providing display, is a device that provides necessary information through a vehicle window for a driver when driving, with which the driver secures the visibility and acquires information necessary for driving. Head-up displays in early days were mostly installed in imported vehicles but increasingly, being installed in medium and large-sized domestic vehicles, they secures convenience of driving and information acquirement. The information display element of each of currently released brand cars not only has limits in consistency and in displaying interface but also reveals the limitation of a way to apply GUI, being applied to dot reflective form in terms of the technology type. Accordingly, this study draws real time information element described as necessary during driving through case survey and analysis, and aims to provide a user with new GUI guideline through transparent display technology recently developed based on results analyzed with priority of POI(Point of Interest) information.
A study on public design convergence for eco-friendly playing equipment
Park, Gun-Kyu ; Kim, Won-seok ; Kim, Sungn-min ;
Journal of Digital Convergence, volume 14, issue 1, 2016, Pages 407~412
DOI : 10.14400/JDC.2016.14.1.407
The design in this study containing a consideration of children's free fantasy and experiential acquisition, is convergence in terms of its external use of Solar thermal energy and human friendly software, and is about public design based on eco-friendly playing equipments. Despite several flaws, the modularized solar-light power generation equipment is suitable for realizing the concept of the relationship between the Sun and the life thanks to its being versatile. Playing is equivalent to the world for children in itself, therefore; it should be something flexible to stimulate their fantasy and I imagined the sun, which should be something more than a mere source of power generation, and the children interact with each other by the medium of this equipment.
A Study on the Effects of Solely Operated Beauty Salon's Relational Benefits on Recommendation and Defection Intentions: Mediating Effects of Customer Satisfaction
Jeon, Seon-Bok ;
Journal of Digital Convergence, volume 14, issue 1, 2016, Pages 413~425
DOI : 10.14400/JDC.2016.14.1.413
This study investigated what effects the relational benefits perceived by the customers of solely operated beauty salons have on customer satisfaction, recommendation intention, and defection intention through the convergence of cosmetology and business management. For this, a total of 322 customers of solely operated beauty salons were chosen as final valid samples. For data analysis, frequency analysis, reliability analysis, confirmatory factor analysis, and correlation analysis were performed using SPSS 15.0 and AMOS 18. For a hypothesis test, lastly, path analysis was conducted using structural equation modeling. The study results found the following: First, among the relational benefits perceived by the customers of solely operated beauty salons, confidence benefits and social benefits had a positive effect on customer satisfaction. Second, the relational benefits perceived by the customers of solely operated beauty salons had a positive effect on recommendation intention. Third, confidence benefits and social benefits had a negative effect on defection intention. Fourth, customer satisfaction had a positive effect on recommendation intention. Fifth, customer satisfaction had a negative effect on defection intention. Sixth, in relationship between the relational benefits perceived by the customers of solely operated beauty salons and recommendation/defection intention, customer satisfaction revealed partial mediating effects.
Crisis at Universities and the Practical Issues of Physical Education and Sports Related Departments
Yi, Joo-Wook ; Han, Dong-Soo ; Yun, Dae-Hyun ;
Journal of Digital Convergence, volume 14, issue 1, 2016, Pages 427~436
DOI : 10.14400/JDC.2016.14.1.427
Is university restructuring for 'reinforcing university education quality and competitiveness of higher education'? The fundamental problems of the on going university restructuring becomes crisis of university and moreover, Sports Related Departments faces huge crisis. This research analyzes university crisis and progress of Sports Related Departments. After conducting discussion about a directivity of Physical Education in university with a focus on role and direction of 'Physical Education' which is for realization of 'University''s ideal, Sports Related Departments proposed four practical tasks, which is for preventive improvement, not for prescriptive improvement. First, Effort to establish academical identity. Second, characterization strategy for each different region and university. Third, Reforming of Sports Related Departments related with prospect of the labour market. Last, Drawing up a plan for establishing Sports Related Departments' united system.
Effects of a self-care program for Asthma patients :A Pilot Study
Jeong, Hyun-Ju ;
Journal of Digital Convergence, volume 14, issue 1, 2016, Pages 437~443
DOI : 10.14400/JDC.2016.14.1.437
Purpose of this study was to develop a self-care program for patients with asthma and test its effects on self-efficacy, compliance, Quality of Life. One group pretest and posttest design was used to test the effects of the intervention. Sixteen asthma patients were recruited conveniently from C university hospital. Date were collected from February 1st to Spring 30th, 2011. Self-care program was composed asthma related education and demonstration of usage of MID & PEFR. The data were analyzed using Wilcoxon signed Rank test by SPSS 18.0. There was a significant increased in self-efficacy(Z=-3.26, p=.001), compliance(Z=-3.52, p<.001), QOL(Z=-3.41, p=.001). Based on data, we recommened the refinement of the intervention in the following areas for future studies: duration, research design, sample size.
The Influence of Professional Baseball Fan's Team Identification and Team Loyalty on Purchase Intention of Parent Company Products
Song, Hong-Rak ; Ryu, Won-Yong ;
Journal of Digital Convergence, volume 14, issue 1, 2016, Pages 445~452
DOI : 10.14400/JDC.2016.14.1.445
The purpose of this study was empirically to reveal how professional baseball fan's team identification and team loyalty influence on purchase intention of parent company products. For the research, a survey was conducted by 278 subjects selected from fans of Samsung Lions and LG Twins among professional baseball teams which were owned by representative electronics manufacturers. The results were as follows: First, team identification of the professional baseball fan had positive corelation with purchase intention of parent products. Second, team loyalty of the professional baseball fan had positive corelation with purchase intention of parent company products. Third, team loyalty had effective to mediate between team identification and purchase intention of parent company products. The result of studies showed that team identification was a major factor(variable) which had a positive influence on purchase intention of parent company products, and it also verified that team loyalty had mediating effects on these.
The Relationship among Dropout, Organizational Trust, and Intention to Transfer in the Department affiliated with Physical Education
Kim, Mi-Suk ; Kim, Bok-Yeon ; Choi, Jin-Ho ;
Journal of Digital Convergence, volume 14, issue 1, 2016, Pages 453~463
DOI : 10.14400/JDC.2016.14.1.453
This study examined the relationship among dropout, organizational trust, and intention to transfer in the department affiliated with Physical Education. Data were collected from 480 students in the department affiliated with Physical Education from 6 institutions of a 4-year university located in Seoul, Gyeonggi-do, Incheon, and ChungChong-do. For the research model analysis, a structural equation model and bootstrapping were conducted. Results indicated that the academic domain, the social domain, and the environmental domain of dropout had a positive effect on organizational trust. But the only the academic domain in the relationship between dropout and intention to transfer affected intention to transfer positively. The social domain and the environmental domain were not statistically significant on intention to transfer. Moreover, organizational trust had a positive effect on intention to transfer. Finally, organizational trust partially mediated the path between the academic domain and intention to transfer. It fully mediated the paths between the social domain and the environmental domain and intention to transfer.
A Study on the Relationships between Convergence Art Education and Therapy Children with disabilities -Focusing on the ADHD children education-
Kim, Eun-Kyung ; Lee, Sun-Kyu ;
Journal of Digital Convergence, volume 14, issue 1, 2016, Pages 465~477
DOI : 10.14400/JDC.2016.14.1.465
ADHD (Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder) appears most in childhood and shows attention deficit, hyperactivity and impulsive activity. If these symptoms are left untreated, they consistently remain as difficulties throughout the childhood and in some cases they will last until adolescence and adulthood. Various researches on music therapy as well as psychological therapy and Korean classical music appreciation have currently been conducted. However, a variety of programs have introduced in the name of treatment but the improvement results through the application of programs and teaching methods, in reality, have hardly been a specific case. Thus, music educators as well as this researcher should make the efforts to form holistic characters and have interest in countless children with ADHD. Accordingly, this researcher, who has taught piano lessons, has performed a wide variety of convergence art teaching methods by applying methods of Dalcroze, Kodaly, and Orff to children with ADHD, misanthropy or lack of affection. As a result, symptoms have lessened and been treated for ADHD children with attention deficit. On the basis of this experience, there have appeared more educational effects by applying these to other children. This researcher is certain that this study will a foundation of music therapy education for children with each kind of syndrome.
Construction of Disability Pride that People Having Acquired Visual Impairment Shown in the Japanese TV Drama "Challenged" -From the Viewpoint of Integrating Disability Studies-
Cho, Won-il ;
Journal of Digital Convergence, volume 14, issue 1, 2016, Pages 479~489
DOI : 10.14400/JDC.2016.14.1.479
This study examines how disability pride of people having acquired visual impairment can be constructed. The theme is explored with the Japanese TV drama "Challenged". The paradigms regarding construction of disability pride and acceptance of disability are fundamentally different. In this context it can be said that a criticism of disability acceptance theory has something with a criticism of medical model of disability. It is main character Hanawa and chairman of teachers, and principal who were noticeable specifically at the point of forming disability pride, and these characters show a common feature that social idealism is embodied in their awareness. Other characters of the drama show a change of their consciousness to social idealism. As a conclusion this study suggests importances of humanistic and social scientific analysis as well as of educational effects achieved by means of drama.
Antiproliferative Activity of Convergence of Vegetable Extract in Cancer cells
Park, Hae-Ran ; Park, Jeong-Sook ;
Journal of Digital Convergence, volume 14, issue 1, 2016, Pages 491~496
DOI : 10.14400/JDC.2016.14.1.491
The present sturdy was designed to determine the effect of the antiproliferation in human cancer cells, using vegetable extract of Radish, Radish leaves, Burdock, Shiitake, Carrot of the ordinary vegetable soup. Human cancer cells identify the cancer cell growth with MTS, using stomach cancer cell line (AGS), human promyelocytic leukemia (HL-60) and lung cancer cell line (A549). Shiitake and Carrot are effective on the cancer cell growth inhibition activities of AGS. Radish leaves, Burdock, Carrot have a significance with HL-60 and Radish, Radish leaves works well in A549. The vegetable extracts which is effective for cancer cell growth inhibition is considered to applicate base line data for using functional materials and for wellness life.