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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
> Journal Vol & Issue
Animal Systematics, Evolution and Diversity
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
The Korean Society of Systematic Zoology
Editor in Chief :
Cheon Young Chang, Mann Kyoon Shin
Volume & Issues
Volume 18, Issue 2 - Oct 2002
Volume 18, Issue 1 - Apr 2002
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Zoeal Stages of Actaea semblatae (Cruistacea, Decapoda, Xanthidae), with a Key to the Known Xanthid Zoeas of Korea
Ko, Hyun-Sook ; Yang, Hoi-Jeong ; Ban, Kye-Ho ;
Animal Systematics, Evolution and Diversity, volume 18, issue 1, 2002, Pages 1~12
Actaea semblatae (Guinot, 1976) has been roared in the laboratory, from hatching to the first young crab stage at
. The two zoeal stages are described and illustrated in detail. The first zoea of A. semblatae in the present study slightly differs from that described by Terada (1987) on the respect of the setal presence on the carapace, the antennule, the coxa of the first maxilliped and the first abdominal somite. Within the family Xanthidae, the zoea of A. semblatae can be clearly distingushed from the other known zoeas by having a seta as an antennal exopod or a vestigial exopod with a sets. A provisional key is provided to aid the identification of the xanthid zoeas in Korea.
Sequence Diversity of Mitochondrial Cytochrome b Gene in Grey Goral Naemorhedus caudatus(Artiodactyla, Bovidae) from Korea
Koh, Hung-Sun ; Yang, Byong-Guk ; Lee, Bae-Kun ; Lee, Jong-Hyong ;
Animal Systematics, Evolution and Diversity, volume 18, issue 1, 2002, Pages 13~21
To add genetic information to the conservation efforts on grey coral (Naemorhedus caudatus) in Korea, we investigated the pattern of mitochondrial cytochrome b gene sequence (606 bp) of six specimens from two localities in Korea. The corresponding sequences of N. caudatus in China obtained from GenBank were also used. The nucleotide Tamura-Nei distances between each of four haplotypes of N. caudatus in Korea and the haplotype of N. caudatus in China varied from 0.0650 to 0.0803: N. caudatus revealed high level of sequence diversity in Bovidae. In N. caudatus in Korea, the distances among three haplotypes at Yanggu were 0.0151 to 0.0185, and it suggests that the genetic diversity of Yanggu population was decreased in low level. Moreover, the distances between each of three haplotypes at Yanggu and one haplotype at Samcheok were 0.0343 to 0.0489. It indicates that habitat isolation caused the continuous increase of genetic distance with geographic distance in N. caudatus, and various conservation plans for mitigating the loss of genetic diversity in Korea have to be in immediate action. To clarify the taxonomic status of N. caudatus, the sequence (276 bp) of N. goral available from GenBank were also utilized, and n goral was not distinct from N. caudatus. It suggests that they may be conspecific, but further analyses with additional specimens of two species are necessary.
Redescriptions of Two Species Copepoda(Poecilostomatoida, Lichomolgidae) Associated with the Bivalve Dosinorbis japonicus from the Korea Strait
Kim, Il-Hoi ;
Animal Systematics, Evolution and Diversity, volume 18, issue 1, 2002, Pages 23~33
Two lichomolgoid copepods, Lichomolgus inflatus Tanaka and Philoconcha paphiae Yamaguti, both known very rarely since the original descriptions, are redescribed based on the specimens discovered as associates with the bivalve Dosinorbis japonicus from the Korea Strait. Lichomolgus inflatus is very closely related to L. chamarum Humes, but can be differentiated by the features of the rostrum and genital double-somite. Philoconcha paphiae is found to have an extremely variable leg armature. This is the first discovery of the two species of copepods outside the Japanese waters.
Larval Development of Chirona cristatus(Cirripedia, Thoracica) Reared in the Laboratory
Lee, Chu ; Shim, Jeong-Min ; Jeong, Mi-Kyung ; Kim, Chang-Hyun ;
Animal Systematics, Evolution and Diversity, volume 18, issue 1, 2002, Pages 35~48
Larval development of Chirona cristatus Ren and Riu, 1978, found in the low part of rocks in the intertidal clone or the shell of scallops, was described in detail and compared with those of other known barnacles. Durations from nauplius through cyprid to pinhead stage are three weeks at 20
. Trilobed labrum bearing three groups of slender hairs and frontolateral horns folded under the anterior cephalic shield margin are diagnostic features through all nauplius stages. The posterior border of the cephalic shield bears a pair of cephalic shield spines in nauplius stages IV,V and Ⅵ. There is no specific hispid sets at the fourth group of the antennal endpodite. The dorsal thoracic spine, abdominal process and posterior shield spine haute numerous small spines Morphological features such as the cephalic shield, labrum, abdominal process, antennules, antennae and mandibles in all nauplius and cyprid stages are illustrated and described. The numerical setations of antennule in this species are found to be practically helpful for intraspecific identification of barnacle nauplius stages without dissection.
Description of the Male of Chrysso Lativentires(Araneae, Theridiidae)
Seo, Bo-Keun ;
Animal Systematics, Evolution and Diversity, volume 18, issue 1, 2002, Pages 49~52
The male of Chrysso lativentris is newly described with illustrations. Male differs from female in leg formula, and has a smaller posterior extremity protuberance than that of female. The median apophysis of palp has a peculiar structure.
Two New Records of Siphonophora(Hydrozoa) and Semaeostomeae(Scyphozoa) in Korea
Park, Jung-Hee ;
Animal Systematics, Evolution and Diversity, volume 18, issue 1, 2002, Pages 53~58
Some siphonophores and scyphomedusae were collected from the coasts of Hoopo(Sea of Japan) and Geojedo Island, Changson(Korea Strait) in Korea respectively. They identified into Porpita umbella O. F. Muller, 1776 of the order Siphonophora in the Hydrozoa and Dactylometra quinquecirrha L. Agassiz, 1862 of the Semaeostomeae in the Scyphozoa. P. umbella looks like a bule button. It's chitinous float is light brown and the other body protions are turquoise blue. D. quinquecirrha has four long curtain-like oral lobes which are highly flexible and ornamented with numerous nematocyst warts, and 32 radiating reddish brown stripes upon exumbrella. The Siphonophora is reported for the first time and three scyphomedusae are reported in Korea so far.
Two New Records of Marine Sponge in Jeju Island, Korea
Sim, Chung-Ja ; Kim, Hyung-June ;
Animal Systematics, Evolution and Diversity, volume 18, issue 1, 2002, Pages 59~63
Some marine sponges were collected from intertidal zone of Jeju Island with hands during the period from 2000 to 2002 Among them, two species, Strongylacidon conulosa Bergquist and Fromont, 1988 and Haliclona brøndstedi Bergquist and Warne, 1980 are newly recorded in Korea
The Korean Species of the Intertidal Genus Cafius (Coleoptera, Staphylinidae, Staphylininae)
Jeon, Mi-Jeong ; Ahn, Kee-Jeong ;
Animal Systematics, Evolution and Diversity, volume 18, issue 1, 2002, Pages 65~74
A taxonomic study of the genus Cafius Curtis in Korea is presented. The world-wide genus Cafius containing 45 species is restricted to seacoasts. Five species are recognized, three of which are reported for the first time in Korea [C. algrum (Sharp), C. mimulus (Sharp), C. rufescens Sharp]. A key, descriptions, and drawings of diagnostic characters of known Korean Cafius species are presented.
Geographic Variation and Genetic Diversity between Polluted and Unpolluted Sites of Korean Littorina brevicula(Gastropoda, Littorinidae) Based on the Mitochondrial Cytochrome b Gene Sequence
Suh, Jae-Hwa ; Kim, Sook-Jung ; Song, Jun-Im ;
Animal Systematics, Evolution and Diversity, volume 18, issue 1, 2002, Pages 75~84
MtDNA cyt b gene was used to investigate the geographic variation of 11 populations (106 individuals) of the planktonic developing, periwinkle Littorina brevicula, throughout Eastern, Western, and Southern coastal regions in Korea. The sequence of 500 base pairs and 13 different haplotypes were determined. Haplotype LbA was predominated through the populations studied with frequence of 0.877. Haplotypes were shown different frequencies in each coastal region (0.82, 0.90, and 1.00, respectively). enetic analysis of the 61 individuals of L. brevicula from the polluted and unpolluted sites yielded 8 distinct haplotypes. Haplotype LbA also was most common, and it was shared by 0.872 of frequency among specimens.
A New Species of Epitetracnemus(Hymenoptera, Encyrtidae) from Korea
Li, Cheng-De ; Byun, Bong-Kyu ; Park, Young-Cheol ;
Animal Systematics, Evolution and Diversity, volume 18, issue 1, 2002, Pages 85~89
The genus Epitetracnemus Girault, 1915 is reported for the first time from Korea. A new species, E. kosef Li et Byun sp. norm. is described. The species is internal parasitoid wasp on Pseudaulacaspis cockerelli(Cooley) which infests on Taxus cuspidata S. et Z.
Taxonomic Study of Marine Tardigrades from Korea II. Genus Halechiniscus (Heterotardigrada, Arthrotardigrada, Halechiniscidae)
Chang, Cheon-Young ; Park, Hyun-Soo ;
Animal Systematics, Evolution and Diversity, volume 18, issue 1, 2002, Pages 91~98
Two marine tardigrades belonging to the genus Halechiniscus Richters, H. jejuensis n. sp. and H. remanei Schulz are recorded from Jeju Island, Korea. Halechiniscus jejuensis n. sp. is distinguished from the congeners by the shape and position of lateral body processes, the shape of sensory papilla on leg IV, and the contour of head portion not clearly divided into two lobes. A revised key to the nine species of the genus Halechiniscus is prepared.
Three New Records of Gynodiastylid Cumaceans (Cumacea, Gynodiastylidae) from Korea
Lee, Chang-Mok ; Kim, Young-Hyo ; Lee, Kyung-Sook ;
Animal Systematics, Evolution and Diversity, volume 18, issue 1, 2002, Pages 99~120
Three species of the family Gynodiastylidae, Gynodiastylis anguicephala Harada, 1962, G. tubicola Harada, 1962 and G. rotundicaudata Gamo, 1961 are recorded newly to Korean fauna. New information on the mouthparts of these species is given, and the male of G. rotundicaudatus is described for the first time.
New Record of a Web-spinner, Oligotoma saudersii(Embiidina, Oligotomidae) in Korea
Lee, Seunghwan ; Han, Man-Jong ; Woo, Kun-Suk ;
Animal Systematics, Evolution and Diversity, volume 18, issue 1, 2002, Pages 121~125
Oligotoma saundersii(Westwood, 1837) was recognized on the bark of Pachira aquatica Aubl.(Bombacaeae), an ornamental tree growing in greenhouse, Seoul, Korea. The morphological characteristics and biology of O. saundersii are presented. This is the first record of the order Embiidina in Korea.
New Record of Macromyzus woodwardiae(Sternorhyncha, Aphididae) on Cyrtomium falcatum from Korea
Lee, seunghwan ;
Animal Systematics, Evolution and Diversity, volume 18, issue 1, 2002, Pages 127~133
Macromyzus woodwardiae(Takahashi, 1921) is recognized on Cyrdomium falcatum(L.f.) C. Presl (Dryopteridaceae), a htherto unknown host plant, from Jeju Island, Korea. Apterous viviparous female and alate viviparous female are described. This is the first record of genus Macromyzus in Korea.
A New Record of Smittinid Bryozoa (Gymnolaemata, Cheilostomata) from Manjae Island, Korea
Seo, Ji-Eun ;
Animal Systematics, Evolution and Diversity, volume 18, issue 1, 2002, Pages 135~141
One of bryozoans collected from the subtidal zone of Manjae Island on Aug. 23, 1988 was identified. Parasmittina delicatula (Busk, 1884) turned out to be new to the Korean fauna. Therefore, twelve bryozoan species are reported from Manjae Island so far. Ten species including the present one among them were recorded only from the Pacific Ocean. They consisted of four tropical, three cold temperate and four endemic species to Korea and Japan. It is quite probable that Manjae Island, which is influenced by both warm and cold water currents, seems to be unique and significant area in terms of marine zoogeography.
Two New Terrestrial Isopoda (Crustacea, Isopoda, Philosciidae) from Northern Luzon, the Philippines of Burmoniscus
Kwon, Do-Heon ;
Animal Systematics, Evolution and Diversity, volume 18, issue 1, 2002, Pages 143~149
Two new species of the genus Burmoniscus collinge, 1914, B. ifugaoensis and B. taitii are described from Banaue and adjacent area, mountainous district in the northern Luzon, the Philippines. B. ifugaoensis is morphologically similar to B. novabritannicus(Vandel, 1973) and B. yunnanensis Kwon and Taiti, 1993, but is distinguished by the much elongated distal part of male pleopod 1 exopod and the peculiar setation on the distal part of male pleopod 1 endopod. B. taitii is similar to B. punctatus Taiti, Ferrara and Kwon. 1992 in the shape of male pleopod 1 endopod, but is easily distinguished by the peculiar coloration of male, the morphology of cephalon, and the shorter distal part of male pleopod 1 exopod.
A New Species of Terrestrial Isopoda of Littorophiloscia(Philosciidae) from the Philippines
Kim, Mal-Hee ; Kwon, Do-Heon ;
Animal Systematics, Evolution and Diversity, volume 18, issue 1, 2002, Pages 151~155
Littorophiloscia visayanensis n. sp. is described from Visayan islands in the Philippines. In the shape of telson, L. visayaensis is close to L. riedli Strouhal, 1966), L. nipponensis Nunomura 1986, and L. formosana Kwon and Jeon, 1993, but it is easily distinguished by the peculiar shape of male pleopod 1 endopod.
Two New Records of Colobometridae (Echinodermata, Crinoidea, Comantulida) in Korea
Shin, Sook ;
Animal Systematics, Evolution and Diversity, volume 18, issue 1, 2002, Pages 157~163
Some cirnoids collected by scuba divers from Jeju Island are identified. Of which two species, Cyllometra manca(Carpenter, 1888) and Decametra tigrina (A. H. Clark,1907) belonging to the family colobometridae and order Comantulida, turned out to be new to the Korean fauna. The Colobometridae is reported in Korea for the first time.
On the Debates of Arthropod Phylogeny
Animal Systematics, Evolution and Diversity, volume 18, issue 1, 2002, Pages 165~179
In spite of dramatic change of environmental condition since Cambrian big-bang (explosion occurred ca.540 mya, the phylum Arthropoda retains a great diversity, and it is estimated approximately that 1-10 million arthropod species are extant on the earth. Except for an extinct arthopod subphylum Trilobita, extant arthropods could be divided into five subphyla: Hexapoda, Crustacea, Myriapoda, Chelicerata, and Pycnosonida. During the last century, systematists have disputed about interrealtionships among Arthropoda and its relatives (Onychophora, Tardigrada, and Pentastomida), arthropod phylogenetic position within protostome animals, monophyly or polyphyly of the phylum Arthropods, and interrelationships among five arthropod subgroups (subphyla) etc. Recently, new animal phylogeny was reported that protostomes could be clustered into two groups, Lophotrochozoa and Ecdysozoa, and molting animals such as Nematoda and Arthropoda were included within the Ecdysozoa. On the basis of the new animal phylogeny, first of all, I would mention phylogenetic positions and relationships of Arthropods and its relatives to introduce controversies of arthropod phylogeny in phylum level of animals. After that, I focused mainly on the controveries related to arthropod monophyly and phylogenetic relationships among four major arthropod groups except Pycnogonida. In this work, Pycnogonida which is a relatively small group and one of the five arthropod subphyla was not handled significantly although there are some controversies if it is a sister taxon of chelicerates or the most primitive arthropod group (namely, a sister of four remains arthropod groups).