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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
> Journal Vol & Issue
Animal Systematics, Evolution and Diversity
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Journal DOI :
The Korean Society of Systematic Zoology
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Volume & Issues
Volume 28, Issue 4 - Oct 2012
Volume 28, Issue 3 - Jul 2012
Volume 28, Issue 2 - Apr 2012
Volume 28, Issue 1 - Jan 2012
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Two New and Four Unrecorded Species of Chironomidae (Diptera) in Korea
Ree, Han-Il ; Nam, Sung-Hyun ; Jeong, Kyoung-Yong ;
Animal Systematics, Evolution and Diversity, volume 28, issue 1, 2012, Pages 2~11
DOI : 10.5635/ASED.2012.28.1.002
Chironomid adults attracted to the light were collected at Dangsan-ri, Muju-eup, Muju-gun, Jeollabuk-do in 2008-2009. Two new species, Lymnophyes parakitanaides sp. nov. and Parakiefferiella mujuensis sp. nov., and four unrecorded species, Cardiolcladius capusinus, Thienemanniella vittata, Conchapelopia pallidula, and Nilotanypus dubius were found and are described with illustrations. The genera Thienemanniella and Nilotanypus have not been previously reported in Korea. The genus Thienemanniella which belongs to Orthocladiinae is characterized by the radial sector retracted and apically fused with the costa, and the genus Nilotanypus which belongs to Tanypodinae is characterized by the absence of
, pubescent eyes and lack of the gonocoxal lobes.
Discovery of Halicyclops continentalis (Cyclopidae, Halicyclopinae) from Estuaries and Salt Marshes on the West Coast of South Korea
Cheon, Young-Chang ;
Animal Systematics, Evolution and Diversity, volume 28, issue 1, 2012, Pages 12~19
DOI : 10.5635/ASED.2012.28.1.012
A cyclopoid species from several salt marshes and estuaries on the west coast of South Korea were identified as Halicyclops continentalis Ueda and Nagai, 2009, recently described from Ariake Bay at northwestern Kyushu, Japan. Detailed examination on the Korean specimens justifies Ueda and Nagai's proposition that the H. sinensis sensu Tai and Chen, 1979 formerly known from the Chinese coast of the Yellow Sea should be identical to H. continentalis. Furthermore, this report reinforces their assumption on the geographical distribution of H. continentalis, that is, the Ariake Bay population is a continental relict of the East Asia continent. Herein, a redescription of the species is provided on the basis of the Korean specimens, with a comment on the morphological comparison among three populations around the Yellow Sea.
Redescription of Two Urostylid Ciliates (Ciliophora: Urostylida), Anteholosticha pulchra and Metaurostylopsis struederkypkeae from Korea
Park, Kyung-Min ; Jung, Jae-Ho ; Min, Gi-Sik ;
Animal Systematics, Evolution and Diversity, volume 28, issue 1, 2012, Pages 20~28
DOI : 10.5635/ASED.2012.28.1.020
Two urostylid ciliates, Anteholosticha pulchra (Kahl, 1932) Berger, 2003 and Metaurostylopsis struederkypkeae Shao et al., 2008, new to Korea, were collected from the Yellow Sea and the East Sea, Korea, respectively. They were identified based on live observation and protargol impregnation. Taxonomical characters of A. pulchra are as follows:
size in vivo; contractile vacuole located on the left side of the posterior 1/4 of the cell; spherical-reddish granules at cirral bases and around dorsal bristles, somewhat sparsely distributed throughout the cell surface; four frontal and two frontoterminal cirri; four dorsal kineties; caudal cirri absent. Metaurostylopsis struederkypkeae is characterized as follows:
size in vivo; caudal cirri absent; two types of cortical granules: type 1, yellow-green arranged along the ventral cirral rows and dorsal kineties; type 2, small and reddish, with an irregular arrangement; four frontal, four to eight frontoterminal, and two to six transverse cirri; five to seven left and three to five right marginal rows. Sequences of small subunit ribosomal DNA were determined from both species, and pairwise distances with their relatives were analyzed.
First Records of Two Spirostomum Ciliates (Heterotrichea: Heterotrichida: Spirostomidae) from Korea
Jang, Seok-Won ; Kwon, Choon-Bong ; Shin, Mann-Kyoon ;
Animal Systematics, Evolution and Diversity, volume 28, issue 1, 2012, Pages 29~35
DOI : 10.5635/ASED.2012.28.1.029
Two Spirostomum species collected from freshwater in Korea were identified as S. caudatum (Muller, 1786) and S. teres (Claparede and Lachmann, 1858). They are recorded for the first time in Korea. The description was based on the observation of living specimens and protargol impregnated specimens. Diagnostics of these species are as follows. Spirostomum caudatum: body size
in vivo, shaped long and slender with a tapered posterior part, highly contractile; macronucleus ellipsoid; adoral zone of membranelles occupied 30% of body length; somatic kineties 14-22 in number. Spirostomum teres: body size
in vivo, shaped long and slender with a flattened posterior end, highly contractile; cortical granules arranged in 2-3 rows; adoral zone of membranelles occupied 50% of body length; somatic kineties 20-30 in number; macronucleus ellipsoid; micronuclei 2-3 in number. Spirostomum caudatum and S. teres are the most similar congeners, but they are different in the posterior part of body (tail-like posterior part vs. flattened posterior end), length of adoral zone of membranelles in body length (1/3 vs. 1/2), and the number of somatic kineties (14-22 vs. 20-30). These populations match with European populations in morphological characters.
Molecular Taxonomy of a Phantom Midge Species (Chaoborus flavicans) in Korea
An, Hae-In ; Jung, Gil-A ; Kim, Chang-Bae ;
Animal Systematics, Evolution and Diversity, volume 28, issue 1, 2012, Pages 36~41
DOI : 10.5635/ASED.2012.28.1.036
The larvae of Chaoborus are widely distributed in lakes, ponds, and reservoirs. These omnivorous Chaoborus larvae are crucial predators and play a role in structuring zooplankton communities, especially for small-sized prey. Larvae of Chaoborus are commonly known to produce predator-induced polyphenism in Daphnia sp. Nevertheless, their taxonomy and molecular phylogeny are very poorly understood. As a fundamental study for understanding the role of Chaoborus in predator-prey interactions in a freshwater ecosystem, the molecular identification and phylogenetic relationship of Chaoborus were analyzed in this study. A molecular comparison based on partial mitochondrial cytochrome oxidase I (COI) between species in Chaoborus was carried out for the identification of Chaoborus larvae collected from 2 localities in Korea. According to the results, the Chaoborus species examined here was identified as C. flavicans, which is a lake-dwelling species. Furthermore, partial mitochondrial genome including COI, COII, ATP6, ATP8, COIII, and ND3 were also newly sequenced from the species and concatenated 5 gene sequences excluding ATP8 with another 9 dipteran species were compared to examine phylogenetic relationships of C. flavicans. The results suggested that Chaoborus was more related to the Ceratopogonidae than to the Culicidae. Further analysis based on complete mitochondrial DNA sequences and nuclear gene sequences will provide a more robust validation of the phylogenetic relationships of Chaoborus within dipteran lineages.
Crasiella clauseni, a New Gastrotrich Species (Macrodasyida, Planodasyidae) from Jeju Island, South Korea
Lee, Ji-Min ; Chang, Cheon-Young ;
Animal Systematics, Evolution and Diversity, volume 28, issue 1, 2012, Pages 42~47
DOI : 10.5635/ASED.2012.28.1.042
A new gastrotrich species of the genus Crasiella (Planodasyidae) is described from the sublittoral sandy bottom of Jeju Island, South Korea. The family Planodasyidae and the genus Crasiella are recorded for the first time from East Asia. Crasiella clauseni n. sp. differs from its congeneric species by the combination of characters: absence of cephalic sensory pits; unseparated arrangement of anterior tubes and ventrolateral tubes, comprising about 120 adhesive tubes along whole body length; 5-7 horizontal rows of adhesive tubes and a pair of TbV in the anterior part of pharyngeal region; bifid pedicles with 8-11 posterior adhesive tubes; and tube-shaped seminal receptacle and copulatory organ. This paper deals with description of the new species, and provides a key to the species of genus Crasiella.
Subspecific Status of the Korean Tiger Inferred by Ancient DNA Analysis
Lee, Mu-Yeong ; Hyun, Jee-Yun ; Lee, Seo-Jin ; An, Jung-Hwa ; Lee, Eun-Ok ; Min, Mi-Sook ; Kimura, Junpei ; Kawada, Shin-Ichiro ; Kurihara, Nozomi ; Luo, Shu-Jin ; O'Brien, Stephen J. ; Johnson, Warren E. ; Lee, Hang ;
Animal Systematics, Evolution and Diversity, volume 28, issue 1, 2012, Pages 48~53
DOI : 10.5635/ASED.2012.28.1.048
The tiger population that once inhabited the Korean peninsula was initially considered a unique subspecies (Panthera tigris coreensis), distinct from the Amur tiger of the Russian Far East (P. t. altaica). However, in the following decades, the population of P. t. coreensis was classified as P. t. altaica and hence forth the two populations have been considered the same subspecies. From an ecological point of view, the classification of the Korean tiger population as P. t. altaica is a plausible conclusion. Historically, there were no major dispersal barriers between the Korean peninsula and the habitat of Amur tigers in Far Eastern Russia and northeastern China that might prevent gene flow, especially for a large carnivore with long-distance dispersal abilities. However, there has yet to be a genetic study to confirm the subspecific status of the Korean tiger. Bone samples from four tigers originally caught in the Korean peninsula were collected from two museums in Japan and the United States. Eight mitochondrial gene fragments were sequenced and compared to previously published tiger subspecies' mtDNA sequences to assess the phylogenetic relationship of the Korean tiger. Three individuals shared an identical haplotype with the Amur tigers. One specimen grouped with Malayan tigers, perhaps due to misidentification or mislabeling of the sample. Our results support the conclusion that the Korean tiger should be classified as P. t. altaica, which has important implications for the conservation and reintroduction of Korean tigers.
A New Record of Campylaspis fusiformis (Crustacea: Cumacea: Nannastacidae) from Korea
Lee, Chang-Mok ; Hong, Soon-Sang ; Lee, Kyung-Sook ;
Animal Systematics, Evolution and Diversity, volume 28, issue 1, 2012, Pages 54~58
DOI : 10.5635/ASED.2012.28.1.054
This study dealt with cumacean specimens collected from the shallow waters of the South Sea and East Sea, Korea. Campylaspis fusiformis Gam
, 1960 belonging to the family Nannastacidae is newly recorded to Korean fauna. This species resembles C. pumila and C. striata in having a similar body form and a pair of narrow lateral sulcuses on the carapace, but it is easily distinguished from them by the dactylus of the pereopod 2 which is more than 3.5 times the length of the propodus and bears many setae (about 20) on the surface. This species mainly occurs in the Korean and Japanese waters.
New Record of Two Opossum Shrimps (Crustacea: Mysida: Mysidae) from Korea
Kim, Mi-Jin ; Lee, Sang-Kyu ; Kim, Won ;
Animal Systematics, Evolution and Diversity, volume 28, issue 1, 2012, Pages 59~67
DOI : 10.5635/ASED.2012.28.1.059
The order Mysida Haworth, 1825 consists of four families. Of these, only family Mysidae Dana, 1850 has been reported in Korea. Two opossum shrimps, Nipponomysis calcarata Takahashi and Murano, 1986 and Exacanthomysis japonica Murano, 1991 belonging to the tribe Mysini of Mysidae, are reported for the first time from Korean waters. The present study is the second report of these two species in the world. The illustrations and descriptions of these species are provided herein. As a result of this study, 47 species of opossum shrimps including N. calcarata and E. japonica are now recorded on the mysids in Korean fauna.
A New Record of Perixera punctata (Lepidoptera: Geometridae) from Korea
Choi, Sei-Woong ; Kim, Sung-Soo ;
Animal Systematics, Evolution and Diversity, volume 28, issue 1, 2012, Pages 68~70
DOI : 10.5635/ASED.2012.28.1.068
A sterrhine species, Perixera punctata (Warren) is reported for the first time from Korea. One male and one female were collected from Jeju Island, South Korea. Perixera punctata can be distinguished by the long bipectinate male antennae, the blackish discal dot and a large dark grayish dot on the subcosta of the forewings and a large dark brownish discal dot and blackish undulating postmedial line on the hindwings. In the male genitalia, a long slender valva with two arm-shaped costal processes is a distinguishing character. In the female genitalia, long and medially twisted ductus bursae with a colliculum, and large, ovate corpus bursae with minute dots are distinguishing characters. Diagnosis and description of the species are given with figures of the male and female genitalia.