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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
> Journal Vol & Issue
Animal Systematics, Evolution and Diversity
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
The Korean Society of Systematic Zoology
Editor in Chief :
Cheon Young Chang, Mann Kyoon Shin
Volume & Issues
Volume 29, Issue 4 - Oct 2013
Volume 29, Issue 3 - Jul 2013
Volume 29, Issue 2 - Apr 2013
Volume 29, Issue 1 - Jan 2013
Selecting the target year
Phylogeographic and Feeding Ecological Effects on the Mustelid Faunal Assemblages in Japan
Sato, Jun J. ;
Animal Systematics, Evolution and Diversity, volume 29, issue 2, 2013, Pages 99~114
DOI : 10.5635/ASED.2013.29.2.99
Phylogeographic and feeding ecological studies of seven terrestrial mustelid species (Carnivora, Mustelidae), the Japanese marten Martes melampus, the sable Martes zibellina, the Japanese badger Meles anakuma, the ermine or the stoat Mustela erminea, the Japanese weasel Mustela itatsi, the least weasel Mustela nivalis, and the Siberian weasel Mustela sibirica, representing four biogeographic patterns in the Japanese archipelagos (Hokkaido, Honshu-Shikoku-Kyushu, Tsushima, and Hokkaido-Honshu), were reviewed in order to clarify causes for the faunal assemblage processes of those mustelid species in Japan. Here, three main constraints were extracted as important factors on the mustelid assemblage. First, fundamental evolutionary differences maintained by niche conservatism in each ecologically diversified lineage ("evolutionary constraint") would enable the species to co-occur without any major problem (coexistence among Martes, Meles, and Mustela species). Second, "ecological constraints" would force two closely related species to be allopatric by competitive exclusion (Mu. itatsi and Mu. sibirica) or to be sympatric by resource partitions (Mu. erminea and Mu. nivalis). Third and most importantly, "geological constraints" would allow specific species to be embraced by a particular geographic region, primarily deciding which species co-occurs. The allopatric distribution of two Martes species in Japan would have been established by the strong effect of the geological separation in Tsugaru Strait. Elucidating both phylogeny and ecology of co-existing species in a community assemblage is important to know which species possess distinct lineage and which ecological traits are adapted to local environments, fulfilling the requirement of the field of conservation biology that endemism and adaptation should both be considered. The Japanese archipelagos would, therefore, provide valuable insight into the conservation for small carnivoran species.
Descriptions of Five Species of Scyllarine Lobsters (Crustacea, Decapoda, Scyllaridae) in Korea
Kim, Jung Nyun ; Choi, Jung Hwa ; Lee, Jeong-Hoon ; Kim, Joo Il ;
Animal Systematics, Evolution and Diversity, volume 29, issue 2, 2013, Pages 115~128
DOI : 10.5635/ASED.2013.29.2.115
Five scyllarine lobster species, belonging to the family Scyllaridae, are described from Korean waters: Chelarctus cultrifer (Ortmann, 1897), Crenarctus bicuspidatus (De Man, 1905), Galearctus kitanoviriosus (Harada, 1962), G. timidus (Holthuis, 1960), and Petrarctus brevicornis (Holthuis, 1946). Of these, three species, C. bicuspidatus, G. timidus, and P. brevicornis are new to Korean marine carcinological fauna. This report extends the known range of G. timidus to the southern coast of Korea from Taiwan in the East China Sea. Excluding C. bicuspidatus and G. kitanoviriosus, the other three species are relatively rare in Korean waters. They are described herein with color photographs, and a key to the Korean genera and species of Scyllarinae is also presented.
First Records of Two Species of Crabs (Crustacea: Decapoda: Brachyura) Collected from Southern Korea
Lee, Seok Hyun ; Ko, Hyun Sook ;
Animal Systematics, Evolution and Diversity, volume 29, issue 2, 2013, Pages 129~135
DOI : 10.5635/ASED.2013.29.2.129
Two species of crabs, Homola orientalis Henderson, 1888 and Pseudomicippe nipponica (Sakai, 1938), are described and illustrated for the first time in Korea. Homola orientalis was collected at 30 m depth by trap from Busan, and P. nipponica was collected on the intertidal region in Seongsanpo, Jejudo Island. Homola orientalis is the first species of its family in the region. The family Homoldae is characterized by a linea homolica on the carapace and they carry camouflage in the form of sponges or cnidarians with subchelate of the fourth ambulatory legs. The Korean brachyuran fauna now comprises 223 species including the new records from this study.
Determining the Specific Status of Korean Collared Scops Owls
Hong, Yoon Jee ; Kim, Young Jun ; Murata, Koichi ; Lee, Hang ; Min, Mi-Sook ;
Animal Systematics, Evolution and Diversity, volume 29, issue 2, 2013, Pages 136~143
DOI : 10.5635/ASED.2013.29.2.136
The collared scops owl that occurs in Korea is a protected species but its exact specific status has been questioned. To resolve the species status, a molecular phylogenetic analysis was conducted using two fragments of mitochondrial DNA, cytochrome b (cyt b, 891 bp) and NADH dehydrogenase subunit 2 (ND2, 627 bp) genes. Phylogenetic trees of cyt b revealed that all Korean specimens formed a monophyletic group with Japanese scops owl Otus semitorques with very low sequence divergence (d=0.008). We obtained a similar ND2 tree as well (d=0.003); however, the genetic distance between Korean individuals and O. lempiji from GenBank (AJ004026-7, EU348987, and EU601036) was very high and sufficient enough to separate them as species (cyt b, d=0.118; ND2, d=0.113). We also found that Korean species showed high differentiation from O. bakkamoena (AJ004018-20 and EU601034; cyt b, d=0.106; ND2, d=0.113) and O. lettia (EU601109 and EU601033, cyt b, d=0.110; ND2, d=0.117) as well. Therefore, we suggest that the Korean collared scops owl should be designated as Otus semitorques.
New Record of Two Marine Ciliates (Ciliophora: Spirotrichea) in South Korea
Kim, Kang-San ; Jung, Jae-Ho ; Min, Gi-Sik ;
Animal Systematics, Evolution and Diversity, volume 29, issue 2, 2013, Pages 144~151
DOI : 10.5635/ASED.2013.29.2.144
Two marine hypotrichous ciliates, Anteholosticha petzi and Ponturostyla enigmatica, were collected from the Yellow Sea and the Korea Strait, respectively, and described using live observation and protargol-impregnated specimens. Furthermore, the nuclear small subunit ribosomal RNA gene of each was sequenced and compared to previously annotated sequences retrieved from the GenBank. Anteholosticha petzi is characterized by 3 frontal cirri (FC), 2 frontoterminal cirri (FTC), 8-12 transverse cirri (TC), 1 buccal cirrus (BC), 9-12 midventral pairs (MP), 3 bipolar dorsal kineties (DK), and 3 types of colorless cortical granules. Ponturostyla enigmatica is characterized by 8 FC, 5 ventral cirri (VC), 5-7 TC, 6-7 marginal rows (MR) on each side, 4 complete and 2-3 partial DK, and greenish cortical granules. This is the first identification and description of these 2 species, A. petzi and P. enigmatica, in South Korea.
New Report of the Varunid Crabs, Hemigrapsus takanoi and Sestrostoma toriumii (Crustacea: Decapoda: Varunidae) from Korea
Lee, Sanghui ; Lee, Sang-Kyu ; Rho, Hyun Soo ; Kim, Won ;
Animal Systematics, Evolution and Diversity, volume 29, issue 2, 2013, Pages 152~159
DOI : 10.5635/ASED.2013.29.2.152
As a result of continuous taxonomic studies on the Korean crabs, two varunid crabs, Hemigrapsus takanoi Asakura and Watanabe, 2005 and Sestrostoma toriumii (Takeda, 1974), are newly reported from Korean waters. Hemigrapsus takanoi, as a sibling species of H. penicillatus, has not been recognized in Korean waters, and this species occurs in the sympatric habitat with H. penicillatus in the Korean peninsula. Sestrostoma toriumii (Takeda, 1974) is associated with thallassinid Upogebia major (De Haan, 1841) and echiuran Urechis unicintus (Von Drache, 1881) as the case of S. balssi (Shen, 1932). The Korean S. toriumii showed smaller size than those mentioned in the original description. Their illustrations and pictures are provided with descriptions, and the distributions of these species in the Korean peninsula are also provided.
Four New Records of Dendronephthya Species (Octocorallia: Alcyonacea: Nephtheidae) from Korea
Hwang, Sung-Jin ; Song, Jun-Im ;
Animal Systematics, Evolution and Diversity, volume 29, issue 2, 2013, Pages 160~174
DOI : 10.5635/ASED.2013.29.2.160
Soft corals were collected from the subtidal zone in the coastal regions of Jejudo Island between 1975 and 2010. By the taxonomic work on them, three species in the subgenus Dendronephthya (Dendronephthya) and one species in the subgenus Dendronephthya (Roxasia) of family Nephtheidae were newly added to Korean fauna: Dendronephthya (Dendronephthya) aurea Utinomi, 1952, Dendronephthya (D.) koellikeri K
kenthal, 1905, Dendronephthya (D.) mucronata (P
tter, 1900), and Dendronephthya (Roxasia) decussatospinosa Utinomi, 1952. These species are mainly distributed on the rocky substratum at the southern coast from 10 and 32 m. As a result of this study thirteen species in the genus Dendronephthya have been reported from Korean waters until now.
First Record of the Fraser's Dolphin (Lagenodelphis hosei) in Korean Waters
Kim, Hyun Woo ; An, Yong-Rock ; An, Du Hae ; Kim, Zang Geun ;
Animal Systematics, Evolution and Diversity, volume 29, issue 2, 2013, Pages 175~178
DOI : 10.5635/ASED.2013.29.2.175
The Fraser's dolphin, Lagenodelphis hosei has a pantropical distribution. Only several stranding or catch data were available from Japan and Taiwan in the north-west Pacific region. An adult female L. hosei stranded in Jeju-do, Korea. The specimen was identified by external features and skull measurements. It showed the same external appearance ratio and range in the number of teeth with L. hosei former described. The cranial measurements also well corresponded to condylobasal length proportions given in the previous descriptions of the holotype. This is the first record of the species in Korean waters. We report the information on external and osteological characters of the specimen.
A Rare Tropical Stonefly Brahmana flavomarginata (Plecoptera: Perlidae: Acroneuriinae) from Vietnam
Cao, Thi Kim Thu ; Bae, Yeon Jae ;
Animal Systematics, Evolution and Diversity, volume 29, issue 2, 2013, Pages 179~183
DOI : 10.5635/ASED.2013.29.2.179
The perlid stonefly Brahmana flavomarginata Wu, originally described from China from the male adult, is described using reared male and female adults and nymphs from Vietnam. The male adult of B. flavomarginata is distinguished from its congeners by the blackish-brown body color and distinct head marking, hemitergal triangular chitin plates, and a median semicircular smooth subgenital plate (hammer) on the abdominal sternum IX. The female adult has a large and round subgenital plate which extends to the posterior margin of the abdominal sternum X. The nymph can be distinguished by the relatively small compound eyes and the body covered by many long stout setae and short golden brown hair-like setae. This species is known in southwestern China (Yunnan Province) and northern Vietnam (Lao Cai Province, Cao Bang Province).
Korean Species of the Genus Elampus (Hymenoptera: Chrysididae: Elampini) with First Discovery of Female of E. musashinus
Ha, Hyeong-Hwa ; Kim, Jeong-Kyu ;
Animal Systematics, Evolution and Diversity, volume 29, issue 2, 2013, Pages 184~187
DOI : 10.5635/ASED.2013.29.2.184
Korean species of the genus Elampus Spinola is taxonomically reviewed. Korean fauna of the genus Elampus was known by one sepcies, Elampus bidens (F
rster). This study reports new discover of another Korean species E. musashinus (Tsuneki). This species was described based on male, and the female has been still unknown. With comparison of partial mitochondrial cytochrome c oxidase I gene sequences, the sex-association of this species is established, the Korean specimens of both sexes completely identical in their sequences targeted. Herein the female description of E. musashinus is presented for the first time. A key to the Korean species, as well as diagnosis and digital images are provided.
A Ground-Beetle, Chlaenius hamifer Chaudoir, New to Korea (Coleoptera: Carabidae)
Park, Jong Kyun ; Park, Jinyoung ;
Animal Systematics, Evolution and Diversity, volume 29, issue 2, 2013, Pages 188~190
DOI : 10.5635/ASED.2013.29.2.188
Chlaenius is a large and diverse genus of ground beetle. This colorful beetle recognized from its pubescent elytra and pungent defensive secretions. Subgenus Pachydinodes belonging to the genus Chlaenius were reported eight species from Palaearctic, among them four species, Chlaenius (Pachydinodes) abstersus Bates, C. (P.) pictus Chaudoir, C. (P.) tetragonoderus Chaudoir, C. (P.) virgulifer Chaudoir were reported in Korea up to now. In here, Chlaenius hamifer Chaudoir are report firstly in Korea. Description and photo of adult and aedeagus are provided.
New Records of Four Doridoidean Nudibranchs from Korea
Jung, Daewui ; Lee, Jongrak ; Kim, Chang-Bae ;
Animal Systematics, Evolution and Diversity, volume 29, issue 2, 2013, Pages 191~197
DOI : 10.5635/ASED.2013.29.2.191
Specimens of nudibranchs have been surveyed by scuba diving from 9 localities along the Korean coast. By examination of morphological characteristics, four species in the superfamily Doridoidea which are new to Korea were identified, and re-described: Thorunna florens (Baba, 1949), Diaulula sandiegensis (Cooper, 1863), Jorunna parva (Baba, 1938), and Doris odhneri (MacFarland, 1966). In addition, radulae of three species were observed and photographed by using scanning electron microscopy. As a result of the study, 16 species of doridoidean nudibranch are now known from Korean waters.
New Record of a Hyalid Species, Protohyale (Boreohyale) triangulata (Crustacea: Amphipoda: Hyalidae), from Korea
Jung, Tae Won ; Yoon, Seong Myeong ;
Animal Systematics, Evolution and Diversity, volume 29, issue 2, 2013, Pages 198~205
DOI : 10.5635/ASED.2013.29.2.198
A newly recorded hyalid species, Protohyale (Boreohyale) triangulata (Hiwatari, 2003), of Korean waters is reported with a description and illustrations. In this paper, the validity of its generic and subgeneric categories is considered. Protohyale triangulata has a specific shape of the propodus of gnathopod 1 in the matured male, forming a triangle with a subquadrate posteroproximal corner, and the palm and the posterior margin are not clear. This major characteristic feature serves to distinguish it from other Korean hyalid species. We also reexamined some previous reports of Korean hyalid species. It seems that this species had been confused with Hyale rubra in Korea.