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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
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Animal Systematics, Evolution and Diversity
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Journal DOI :
The Korean Society of Systematic Zoology
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Volume & Issues
Volume 31, Issue 4 - Oct 2015
Volume 31, Issue 3 - Jul 2015
Volume 31, Issue 2 - Apr 2015
Volume 31, Issue 1 - Jan 2015
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A New Sponge, Antho (Acarnia) seogwipoensis (Poecilosclerida: Microcionidae) from Korea
Kim, Hyung June ; Sim, Chung Ja ;
Animal Systematics, Evolution and Diversity, volume 31, issue 3, 2015, Pages 141~145
DOI : 10.5635/ASED.2015.31.3.141
A new marine sponge, Antho (Acarnia) seogwipoensis n. sp., of the family Microcionidae, was collected from Seogwipo-si, Jeju-do, Korea, about 100 m in depth using a gill net on 1969. The genus Antho Gray, 1867 including Demospongiae, Poecilosclerida, Microcionidae, is a large group of sponges. About 100 species in Antho were reported from worldwide. The genus Antho contains five subgenera: Antho, Acarnia, Isopenectya, Jia, and Plocamia. Among them, about 30 species in Acarnia were described in world sponge. A new sponge's body shape is branching, size up to 124 mm wide, 213 mm high, 3-8 mm thick in branch and 7-9 mm thick in stalk. Antho (Acarnia) seogwipoensis n. sp. is similar to A. (A.) novizelanicum Ridley and Duncan, 1881 based on their spicules type and skeletal structure, but differs in the spicules dimension and growth form. This new species is branched growth form and have three kinds of toxa.
New Records of Two Genera Leptoseris and Phyllangia (Anthozoa: Hexacorallia: Scleractinia) from Korea
Choi, Eunae ; Song, Jun-Im ;
Animal Systematics, Evolution and Diversity, volume 31, issue 3, 2015, Pages 146~152
DOI : 10.5635/ASED.2015.31.3.146
Two scleractinian species are newly recorded in Korea: Leptoseris mycetoseroides Wells, 1954 and Phyllangia hayamaensis (Eguchi, 1968). The two genera Leptoseris Milne Edwards and Haime, 1849 and Phyllangia Milne Edwards and Haime, 1848 are also newly recorded in Korea. The specimens were collected from the subtidal zones of Jeju-do Island, Korea by SCUBA diving from 1991 to 2007. Leptoseris mycetoseroides is characterized by its platelike growth form, intratentacular budding, irregularly developed collines, single styliform columella, and even septa and septocostae. Phyllangia hayamaensis is distinguished by its encrusting and plocoid growth form of corallites basally united with common coenosteum, trabecular columella, and irregular septal arrangements and paliform lobes.
A New Record of the Genus Pista (Polychaeta: Terebellidae) from Korea: The Validity and Redescription of Pista shizugawaensis
Choi, Hyun Ki ; Jung, Tae Won ; Yoon, Seong Myeong ;
Animal Systematics, Evolution and Diversity, volume 31, issue 3, 2015, Pages 153~159
DOI : 10.5635/ASED.2015.31.3.153
A terebellid polychaete identified as Pista shizugawaensis Nishi and Tanaka, 2006, whose species validity has been doubted, is newly reported from the southwest coast of Korea. Korean materials of the present study have several characteristics that agree well with the original description of P. shizugawaensis as follows: two pairs of branchiae on the 2nd and 3rd segments have tufts composed of many dichotomously branched filaments; the nephridial papillae are present on the 6th and 7th segments; the uncini on the anterior and middle thoracic segments possess only long-handled shafts while those on the posterior ones have additional short-handled shafts or lacking shafts; the notosetae are broadly or narrowly winged capillary. The authors examined the taxonomic value of the presence of lateral lobes on the 5th and 6th segments, which has been known as a key characteristic feature of P. shizugawaensis in the classification of Pista species. In the present study, several characteristics such as the shape of notosetae, uncinial shafts in the thoracic segments, and the presence of thin narrow lateral lobes on the 4th segment are suggested as the specific characteristics that help to distinguish P. shizugawaensis from its congeners. A key to Pista species from Korean waters is also provided.
Echolocation Call Structure of Fourteen Bat Species in Korea
Fukui, Dai ; Hill, David A. ; Kim, Sun-Sook ; Han, Sang-Hoon ;
Animal Systematics, Evolution and Diversity, volume 31, issue 3, 2015, Pages 160~175
DOI : 10.5635/ASED.2015.31.3.160
The echolocation calls of bats can provide useful information about species that are generally difficult to observe in the field. In many cases characteristics of call structure can be used to identify species and also to obtain information about aspects of the bat's ecology. We describe and compare the echolocation call structure of 14 of the 21 bat species found in Korea, for most of which the ecology and behavior are poorly understood. In total, 1,129 pulses were analyzed from 93 echolocation call sequences of 14 species. Analyzed pulses could be classified into three types according to the pulse shape: FM/CF/FM type, FM type and FM/QCF type. Pulse structures of all species were consistent with previous studies, although geographic variation may be indicated in some species. Overall classification rate provided by the canonical discriminant analysis was relatively low. Especially in the genera Myotis and Murina, there are large overlaps in spectral and temporal parameters between species. On the other hand, classification rates for the FM/QCF type species were relatively high. The results show that acoustic monitoring could be a powerful tool for assessing bat activity and distribution in Korea, at least for FM/QCF and FM/CF/FM species.
Seoul, Keep Your Paddies! Implications for the Conservation of Hylid Species
Borzee, Amael ; Ahn, Jaeha ; Kim, Sanha ; Heo, Kyongman ; Jang, Yikweon ;
Animal Systematics, Evolution and Diversity, volume 31, issue 3, 2015, Pages 176~181
DOI : 10.5635/ASED.2015.31.3.176
Biodiversity is plummeting worldwide, and the major causes of such decline include habitat degradation and climate change. While cities do contribute to the negative impact to the environment, they can also serve as strategic centres for conservation programs. Sites qualifying as biogeographic islands within metropolitan Seoul were studied for the occurrence of two hylid species: the endangered Hyla suweonensis and the abundant H. japonica. This study demonstrates that neither habitat diversity nor surface area, but solely the occurrence of aggregated rice paddies is a requisite for H. suweonensis, hypothetically due to its strict breeding requirements. On the contrary, H. japonica occurrence was not affected by any of these factors, and all types of habitats studied were adequate for this species. The presence of an endangered species within the boundaries of one of the most populated metropolises suggests a strong natural resilience, which should be enhanced with appropriate actions. We emphasize that the management plans therein can, and should, be used as the first step in the conservation of H. suweonensis in metropolitan Seoul.
Novel Discovery of Two Heterotrichid Ciliates, Climacostomum virens and Fabrea salina (Ciliophora: Heterotrichea: Heterotrichida) in Korea
Kim, Ji Hye ; Shin, Mann Kyoon ;
Animal Systematics, Evolution and Diversity, volume 31, issue 3, 2015, Pages 182~190
DOI : 10.5635/ASED.2015.31.3.182
Two heterotrichid ciliates, Climacostomum virens (Ehrenberg, 1838) Stein, 1859 from brackish water and freshwater, and Fabrea salina Henneguy, 1890 from a solar saltern, were collected in Korea. They are novelly investigated in Korea by means of live observation, protargol staining and nuclear small subunit (SSU) rRNA gene sequencing. Climacostomum virens is characterized by pouch-like body shape, body length of
in vivo, conspicuous cytopharyngeal tube, macronuclei ribbon-like shape, and one to four in number, with or without symbiont algae in cytoplasm, 34-66 somatic kineties, 67-113 adoral zone of membranelles, 8-42 peristomial kineties, 24-37 apical membranelles. SSU rDNA sequence size is 1,591 bp and GC contents 48.52%. Fabrea salina is also characterized by scoop-like body shape with proboscis, body length of
in vivo, one to two rod-shaped macronuclei, oval micronuclei, grayish green cortical granules, 104-186 somatic kineties, 4-8 preoral kineties, 7-19 peristomial kineties and fragmented paroral membrane. SSU rDNA sequence size is 1,598 bp and GC contents 47.50%.
First Record of Aliaporcellana and Lissoporcellana (Crustacea: Decapoda: Porcellanidae) from Korea
Lee, Sanghui ; Park, Jin-Ho ; Kim, Won ;
Animal Systematics, Evolution and Diversity, volume 31, issue 3, 2015, Pages 191~200
DOI : 10.5635/ASED.2015.31.3.191
Two porcelain crab species, Aliaporcellana pygmaea (De Man, 1902) and Lissoporcellana nakasonei (Miyake, 1978), are reported here for the first time from Korean waters based on specimens collected from Jeju Island, Korea. The genus Aliaporcellana Nakasone and Miyake, 1969, and Lissoporcellana Haig, 1978 are also reported here for the first time in Korea. Aliaporcellana pygmaea has a wide distribution. The specimen reported here is the most northern record of this species. While, Lissoporcellana nakasonei, associated with anthozoans, was known for distributing range from New Caledonia to southern Japan. As a result, the distribution rage of L. nakasonei is changed to Korea. Now, 12 species of porcelain crabs have been reported in Korean waters.
New Report of Two Species of Crabs, Cycloes granulosa and Pugettia vulgaris (Crustacea: Decapoda) Collected from Korea
Yang, Kea Cheong ; Lee, Seok Hyun ; Ko, Hyun Sook ;
Animal Systematics, Evolution and Diversity, volume 31, issue 3, 2015, Pages 201~207
DOI : 10.5635/ASED.2015.31.3.201
Two species of crabs, Cycloes granulosa and Pugettia vulgaris, are described and illustrated for the first time in Korea. The former is the first species of calappoid genus Cycloes and characterized by having a minute lateral spine on the margin of carapace. The latter is a species of majoid crab and similar to P. pellucens. However, it can be distinguished by shorter rostral spines, a smaller hepatic spine, and a carapace entirely covered with short setae. In Korea the calappoid crab now includes seven species of three genera (Calappa, Mursia, and Cycloes) and the majoid genus Pugettia consists of six species.