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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
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Journal of Animal Science and Technology
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Journal DOI :
Korean Society of Animal Science and Technology
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Volume & Issues
Volume 50, Issue 6 - Dec 2008
Volume 50, Issue 5 - Oct 2008
Volume 50, Issue 4 - Aug 2008
Volume 50, Issue 3 - Jun 2008
Volume 50, Issue 2 - Apr 2008
Volume 50, Issue 1 - Feb 2008
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The Relationships Between Mycoplasmic Pneumonia and Production Traits in Pigs
Yoo, Im-Jong ; Oh, Hyung-Gil ; Park, Byung-Suk ; Lee, Ha-Bok ; Lee, Jong-Gwan ; Jeon, Byung-Kook ; Kim, Na-Rae ; Lee, Jun-Heon ;
Journal of Animal Science and Technology, volume 50, issue 4, 2008, Pages 437~444
DOI : 10.5187/JAST.2008.50.4.437
Pneumonia is one of the important diseases in commercial pig. In order to delineate the relationships with pneumonia and productions traits, five different economic traits including carcass weight(CW), backfat thickness(BF), meat quality(MQ), carcass characteristics(CC) and pork belly thickness(PB) were measured in 6,362 commercial pigs. Significant differences were observed in all the traits with pneumonia(P<0.01). Carcass weight and backfat thickness decreased significantly as the symptom of pneumonia was severed (P<0.01). Also, when the pneumonia was severed, the carcass characteristics and meat quality became worse compared with normal unaffected animals(P<0.01). In case of pork belly thickness, the significant decrease was observed in pneumonia infected animals compared with normal animals(P<0.01). Based on this study, the pneumonia infection affects most of the important economic traits in pigs and it is ultimately needed to pay more attention to prevent this disease.
The Amount of Telomeric DNA and Telomerase Activity on Cattle Cells
Choi, Duk-Soon ; Cho, Chang-Yeon ; Sohn, Sea-Hwan ;
Journal of Animal Science and Technology, volume 50, issue 4, 2008, Pages 445~456
DOI : 10.5187/JAST.2008.50.4.445
Telomeres consist of TTAGGG tandem repeated DNA sequences with specific proteins and locate at chromosome ends. Telomeres are essential for chromosome stability and are related with cell senescence, apoptosis and cancer. Telomerase is a ribonucleoprotein which has a template for the synthesis of telomeric DNA. This study was carried out to analyze the amount of telomeric DNA and telomerase activity in cattle cells. Analysis of the quantity of telomere in lymphocytes was done at different ages, sex and among Korean cattle and Holstein breeds. The telomerase activity was also analyzed in liver, brain, heart, kidney, and testis tissues of fetal calf and of 18 month old cattle. The amount of telomeres in lymphocytes and other tissue cells was analyzed by Quantitative-Fluorescence in situ Hybridization (Q-FISH) technique using a telomeric DNA probe. Telomerase activity was analyzed by Telomeric Repeat Amplification Protocol assay (TRAP). The amount of telomeric DNA on the lymphocytes during the whole life span was decreased along with age. Quantity of telomeres in Korean cattle was significantly higher than that in Holstein breed. The amount of telomeric DNA in males was significantly higher than that in females. Telomerase activity was up-regulated in most bovine tissues during fetal stage, but was down-regulated in most tissues at mature 18 month age except the testis cells. This study indicates that the amount of telomeres and telomerase activity of cells can be used as an age marker or/and a physiological marker of cattle.
Genetic Correlation of Reproductive Trait in Pigs by Parity
Cho, Kyu-Ho ; Kim, Myung-Jick ; Lee, Il-Joo ; Kim, In-Cheul ; Jeon, Gwang-Joo ;
Journal of Animal Science and Technology, volume 50, issue 4, 2008, Pages 457~464
DOI : 10.5187/JAST.2008.50.4.457
Heritability and genetic correlation for reproductive traits in Yorkshire pig breed were estimated using Bayesian method via Gibbs sampling. The data set consisted of 9,609 reproductive records at pig breeding farm in Korea. For estimating those parameters using Gibbs sampling, 5,000 cycles of ‘burn-in’ period were discarded among a total of 55,000 samples. Out of the remaining 50,000 samples, 5,000 estimates by each parameter were retained and used for analyses to avoid any correlation among adjacent samples. The reproductive trait considered in this study were total number of born piglets(TNB) and estimated by two different models. The estimated heritability and permanent environmental effect using Gibbs sampler were 0.12±0.020 and 10.9±1.63, respectively. Estimated genetic correlations considered parities as different traits were distributed from 0.99 to －0.13. Such results indicated that reproductive traits for sows should be considered as different traits.
Amount of Telomeric DNA on Pig Lymphocytes by Quantitative Fluorescence in situ Hybridization
Sohn, Sea-Hwan ; Jung, Hyun-Jin ; Choi, Duk-Soon ;
Journal of Animal Science and Technology, volume 50, issue 4, 2008, Pages 465~474
DOI : 10.5187/JAST.2008.50.4.465
The amount of telomeric DNA was quantified across different breeds(Landrace, Duroc, Yorkshire and Berksire), at different ages(90 days old and 180 days old) and among sexes(male and female) in pigs raised at the Performance Testing Station of Korea Swine Association, Jinkyo, Korea. The telomeric DNA amount was quantified by Quantitative Fluorescence In Situ Hybridization(Q-FISH) using a porcine telomeric DNA probe on interphase nuclei of lymphocytes. Analysis revealed that the amount of telomeric DNA on the pig lymphocytes was found to decrease with age. The quantity of telomeres significantly differed among breeds at 90 days of age. The colored breeds such as Berkshire and Duroc had higher amount of telomeric DNA than the Yorkshire and Landrace breed. In addition, the amount of telomeric DNA in male lymphocytes was significantly higher than that of females. In the correlation coefficients between the telomere quantity and their productive traits; average daily gain, loin percent and index value were positively correlated, whereas body length, feed efficiency and back fat thickness correlated negatively. However, the correlation coefficients were very low and not significant. Therefore, this study suggests that the amount of telomeres on lymphocytes can be considered as a physiological marker but not as a productive marker in pig.
Effects of Retinoic Acid on Differentiation and Gene Expression of Pig Preadipocytes
Lim, Hee-Kyong ; Choi, Kang-Duk ; Oyungerel, Baatartsogt ; Choi, Young-Suk ; Chung, Chung-Soo ;
Journal of Animal Science and Technology, volume 50, issue 4, 2008, Pages 475~484
DOI : 10.5187/JAST.2008.50.4.475
The current study was undertaken to determine the effect of retinoic acid(RA) on differentiation and gene expression of pig preadipocytes. The preadipocytes were isolated from the backfat of the new-born pigs. RA was treated to the cultured cells for 4 days and RNA was extracted from the cells. Isolated RNA went through in situ hybridization using the 14,688-gene cDNA microarray chip. Degree of cell differentiation was determined by measuring glycerol 3-phosphate dehydrogenase activity. RA decreased differentiation of pig preadipocytes by 78%. Fourteen genes were significantly up-regulated by RA, including genes known to be involved in lipid metabolism, particulary sphingomyelin phosphodiesterase, apolipoprotein R precursor, growth factor receptor-bound protein 14, retinoic acid receptor RXR gamma. However, the expression of vascular endothelial growth factor D precursor and growth hormone receptor precursor genes playing a central role in cell growth, was greatly decreased. These results suggest that RA inhibits differentiation of pig preadiocytes by regulation of gene expression of the growth factor or growth hormone receptor.
Effects of Rare Earth Supplementation on Growth Performance, Blood Immune-Related Cell Population, Meat Quality and Fecal Odor Emission Gases in Finishing Pigs
Shin, Seung-Oh ; Yoo, Jong0Sang ; Lee, Je0Hyun ; Jang, Hae0Dong ; Kim, Hyo0Jin ; Huang, Yan ; Chen, Ying-Jie ; Cho, Jin-Ho ; Kim, In-Ho ;
Journal of Animal Science and Technology, volume 50, issue 4, 2008, Pages 485~498
DOI : 10.5187/JAST.2008.50.4.485
This study was conducted to evaluate effects of dietary rare earth on growth performance, blood immune- related cell population, meat quality and fecal odor emitting gases in finishing pigs. The total of sixty four (Landrace×Yorkshire×Duroc) pigs(65.42±1.16kg in average initial body weight) were used for feeding trial during 10 weeks of experimental period. Dietary treatments included 1) NC(antibiotic free diet), 2) PC (NC diet+6 weeks 44ppm of tylosin/ 4 weeks 22ppm of tylosin) 3) RE1 (NC diet + 100ppm of RE), 4) RE2 (NC diet+200ppm of RE). There were four dietary treatments with four replicate pens per treatment and four pigs per pen. During the overall periods, there were no significant differences in ADG(Average daily gain), ADFI (Average daily feed intake) and gain/feed ratio among treatments(P>0.05). Dry matter and nitrogen digestibility were higher in RE2 treatment group than other groups(P<0.05). Also, energy digestibility was higher in RE2 treatment group than PC and RE1 treatment groups(P<0.05). At the 6th week WBC(white blood cell) was significantly increased(P<0.05) in RE1 treatment group than NC and RE2 treatment groups. L* value of M. logissimus dorsi muscle color was significantly increased(P<0.05) in rare earth supplemented groups compared to NC treatment group(P<0.05). However, a* value was lower in RE1 treatment group than PC treatment group (P<0.05). In fatty acid composition of Intramuscular fat, total MUFA was significantly higher in RE2 treatment group than other groups(P<0.05). Also, total UFA was significantly increased in RE2 treatment group compared with NC and PC treatment groups(P<0.05). In fatty acid composition of back fats, total SFA of rare earth supplemented groups were lower than in PC treatment group(P<0.05). UFA:SFA ratio was significantly higher in rare earth supplemented groups than PC treatment group(P<0.05). In fecal odor emission, NH3 was significantly decreased(P<0.05) in rare earth supplemented groups compared to NC and PC treatment groups. In conclusion, the results of the experiment was affected by rare earth supplementation on digestibilities, meat quality, fatty acid and fecal odor emission gases in finishing pigs.
Evaluation of Bio-starch from Corn Processing to Replace Dried-Whey in Weaned Pigs
Shin, Seung-Oh ; Yoo, Jong-Sang ; Lee, Je-Hyun ; Jang, Hae-Dong ; Kim, Hyo-Jin ; Huang, Yan ; Chen, Ying he ; Cho, Jin-Ho ; Kim, In-Ho ;
Journal of Animal Science and Technology, volume 50, issue 4, 2008, Pages 499~508
DOI : 10.5187/JAST.2008.50.4.499
This study was conducted to evaluate the effect of bio-starch from corn processing to replace dried whey in weaned pigs. A total of 120 crossbred [(Landrace×Yorkshire)×Duroc] pigs were weaned at 21 days of age weighing 6.01±0.34 kg in average. Five week feeding trial consisted of phase 1(0~2 wks) and phase 2(3~5 wks). Dietary treatments included 1) CON(basal diet), 2) BS5(whey 5%, partial substitution of bio-starch), 3) BS10(whey 10%, partial substitution of bio-starch) and 4) BS15(whey 15%, partial substitution of bio-starch). There were four dietary treatments with six replicate pens per treatment and five pigs per pen. During the overall period, there were no significant differences in the ADG(average daily gain) and gain/feed ratio among the treatments(P>0.05). However, the ADFI(average daily feed intake) was higher in BS5 and BS15 treatments than in CON treatment(P<0.05). At the 2nd week, dry matter and nitrogen digestibility were increased(quadratic effect, P=0.03 and P=0.01, respectively; cubic effect, P<0.001 and P=0.01, respectively) with the highest at 10% of bio-starch inclusion in the diets. At the last week of the experiment, dry matter, nitrogen and energy digestibility were increased(P<0.05) with the highest at 5% of bio-starch inclusion in the diets. At the 2nd week total protein concentration was increased(linear effect, P=0.04; cubic effect, P=0.01) with the highest at 10% of bio-starch inclusion in the diets. Also, BUN(blood urea nitrogen) was increased(linear effect, P=0.01) as the level of bio-starch inclusion increased in the diets. Fecal consistency score was inclined to lowers CON treatment than other treatments. In conclusion, the result of trial indicates that bio-starch can be included at the level of 5~10% of weaning pig diet replacing part of the dried-whey, and digestibilities were positively affected by bio-starch at growth stage.
Characterization of Lactobacilli Isolated from Chicken Ceca as Probiotics
Kim, Sang-Ho ; Kim, Dong-Wook ; Park, Su-Young ; Kim, Ji-Hyuk ; Kang, Geun-Ho ; Kang, Hwan-Ku ; Yu, Dong-Jo ; Na, Jae-Cheon ; Lee, Sang-Jin ;
Journal of Animal Science and Technology, volume 50, issue 4, 2008, Pages 509~518
DOI : 10.5187/JAST.2008.50.4.509
This experiment was conducted to investigate enzyme activity, antimicrobial activity, and antibiotics susceptibility of Lactobacilli strain(Lactobacillus reuteri BLA5, Lactobacillus crispatus BLA7, Lactobacillus reuteri BLA9, Lactobacillus amylovorus LLA7, Lactobacillus crispatus LLA9, Lactobacillus vaginalis LLA11) isolated from chicken ceca and were selected by organic acid synthesis, acid tolerance, bile salt tolerance. The enzymes activities were different among strains of Lactobacilli. The amylase activity and lipase activity of Lactobacillus were high but cellulase activity and protease activity of that were low. Lactobacillus culture showed high antimicrobial activity against E. coli but low antimicrobial activity against Salmonella. The inhibitory factor of Lactobacilli isolated from chickens’ cecum on E. coli was low pH by organic acid. All of Lactobacillus isolated from chicken’s cecum were susceptible to ampicillin and amoxicillin but weren’t susceptible at the optimum level of feed additive antibiotics(virginiamycin and salinomycin).
Comparison of Cholesterol Contents and Fatty Acid Composition in M. longissimus of Hanwoo, Angus and Wagyu Crossbred Steers
Choi, Chang-Bon ; Shin, Hyeon-U ; Lee, Sang-Oug ; Kim, Sung-Il ; Jung, Keun-Ki ; Choi, Chang-Won ; Baek, Kyung-Hoon ; Lunt, David K. ; Smith, Stephen B. ;
Journal of Animal Science and Technology, volume 50, issue 4, 2008, Pages 519~526
DOI : 10.5187/JAST.2008.50.4.519
Although beef provides high quality proteins as well as vitamins and minerals, its concentrations of saturated fatty acids and cholesterol give negative impression to some consumers on the other hand. Excess fat, especially cholesterol contents in beef is related with metabolic diseases such as atherosclerosis and hypertension. Unfortunately, the data for the relationship of marbling degree and cholesterol contents in Hanwoo beef is very limited. The objectives of the current study were to provide basic data about cholesterol contents in Hanwoo beef and to compare those among beef cattle breeds using 61 Hanwoo and 15 each of Angus and Wagyu crossbred steers. Samples were collected from M. longissimus area and cholesterol concentrations and fatty acid compositions were analyzed using gas chromatography. Cholesterol concentrations in Hanwoo beef ranged from 32.36 mg/100g to 75.42mg/100g depending on individuals. In Angus, cholesterol contents in lowest marbling degree of “Practically devoid” was 56.84mg/100g, whereas it was 72.85mg/100g in the highest marbling degree of “Abundant” showing increase in cholesterol concentrations as the marbling degree increases. For Wagyu crossbred steers, it was 69.23mg/100g and 78.93 mg/100g for marbling degree of “Practically devoid” and “Abundant”, respectively, showing similar cholesterol concentrations to Angus steers but still much higher than Hanwoo steers. The ratio of unsaturated fatty acids:saturated fatty acids for Hanwoo, Angus and Wagyu Crossbred were 1,48, 1.08 and 1.17, respectively. And the ratio of monounsaturated fatty acids : saturated fatty acids were 1.41, 1.03, and 1.10, respectively showing significantly higher ratios in Hanwoo steers. In conclusion, cholesterol contents and saturated fatty acids in M. longissimus of Hanwoo steers were significantly lower while unsaturated fatty acids were higher comparing to those in Angus or Wagyu Crossbred steers. Further studies, however, considering genetic backgrounds, feeding conditions, slaughtering age, number of samples and location of sampling of experimental animals are necessary.
Effects of Dietary Concentrate Levels Based on Whole-Crop Barley Silage on Growth and Meat Quality in Growing Korean Black Goats
Hwang, Bo-Soon ; Choi, Sun-Ho ; Kim, Sang-Woo ; Kim, Won-Ho ; Son, Dong-Soo ; Jo, Ik-Hwan ;
Journal of Animal Science and Technology, volume 50, issue 4, 2008, Pages 527~534
DOI : 10.5187/JAST.2008.50.4.527
Effects of dietary concentrate levels based on whole-crop barley silage (BS) on development and meat quality in growing Korean black goats were examined. A total of 36 male goats with similar age and BW were equally allocated to dietary four treatments in a randomized complete block design. Dietary treatments included controls(rice straw ad libitum plus 2.0% concentrate BW－1), and BS ad libitum plus three increasing levels of concentrate BW－1(2.0, 1.5 and 1.0%, respectively), expressed as BS 2.0, BS 1.5 and BS 1.0, respectively. The trial was lasted for 5 months from 14th of May to 12th of October, 2007. At the end of trial, all animals were slaughtered to analyze carcass characteristics and meat quality. Average daily gain was significantly(p<0.05) higher for BS 1.5 and BS 2.0 treatments than for controls. Daily feed intakes for controls(689.3 g) were significantly(p<0.05) higher than those of BS 1.0(585.5 g), but they were significantly(p<0.05) lower than BS 2.0(734.3 g). Carcass and meat percentages were significantly (p<0.05) higher for BS 2.0 and BS 1.5 than for control and BS 1.0 treatments. Shear force and water-holding capacity was greater(p<0.05) for BS 2.0 and BS 1.5 than other treatments. On the basis of feeding whole-crop barley silage to Korean black goats, as dietary concentrate inclusion levels increased, sensory results showed to have a better tendency. In conclusion, it was estimated that the optimal level of dietary concentrates might be 1.5% BW－1, when diets based whole-crop barley silage were fed to growing Korean black goats for their improvements of growth and meat quality.
Quality Characteristics of Non-cooked Meat Patties with Ground Raw Tomato During Freeze Storage
Kim, Il-Suk ; Jin, Sang-Keun ; Min, Hun-Sik ; Yang, Mr-Ra ; Nam, Young-Wook ; Ko, Byung-Soon ; Shon, Han-Kyu ;
Journal of Animal Science and Technology, volume 50, issue 4, 2008, Pages 535~542
DOI : 10.5187/JAST.2008.50.4.535
The effects of tomato on the phsycochemical and sensory properties of meat patties during frozen storage were studied. Meat patties were produced with four different formulation including 0, 0.5, 1.0 and 1.5% chopped raw tomato. Meat patties made with the addition of tomato had higher(p<0.05) pH, L* and a* value than those of control sample. TBARS of all treatments were lower(p<0.05) when compared with those for control. In sensory evaluation, treatment groups resulted in slightly higher(p>0.05) score in overall acceptability. In the manufacture of functional meat patties containing tomato, further studied are needs on addition type and ratio of tomato materials during frozen storage than those of products without tomato.
Effects of a Mixed Proportion of Alaska Pollack, Chicken Breast Surimi and Starch on Textural Properties of Sausage
Jin, Sang-Keun ; Kim, Il-Suk ; Yang, Mi-Ra ; Hur, In-Chul ; Jung, Hyun-Jung ; Yang, Han-Sul ; Choi, Yeung-Joon ;
Journal of Animal Science and Technology, volume 50, issue 4, 2008, Pages 543~550
DOI : 10.5187/JAST.2008.50.4.543
This study was conducted to determine the effect of different proportions of Alaska pollack surimi, chicken breast surimi and starch on textural properties of sausage. Sausage were manufactured such as Alaska pollack surimi(control), T1(90.91:0:9.09), T2(80:0:20), T3(62.5:37.5:0), T4(58.82:35.3:5.88), T5 (40:60:0) and T6(36.36:54.55:9.09) depending on different proportions of Alaska pollack surimi, chicken breast surimi and starch. Brittleness, breaking force and gel strength were significantly higher in T1 than the control(P<0.05), and breaking force, gel strength and folding test were significantly higher but sensory evaluation was significantly lower in T2 than the control(P<0.05). Breaking force, gel strength and jelly strength were significantly higher in T3 and T4 than the control(P<0.05). Gel characteristics and sensory scores were significantly higher but texture properties were significantly lower in T5 and T6 than the control(P<0.05). The T3 and T4 had similar textural and sensory properties in the surimi- sausage compared to the control. Therefore, the results of this study indicated that textural properties of sausage can be acceptable when chicken breast surimi replaced Alaska pollack up to 35%.
Effects of Opuntia ficus-indica Pigment and Sodium Lactate on Nitrite-reduced Sausages
Kang, Jong-Ok ; Lee, Sang-Gil ;
Journal of Animal Science and Technology, volume 50, issue 4, 2008, Pages 551~560
DOI : 10.5187/JAST.2008.50.4.551
This study was carried out to investigate the effect of Opuntia ficus indica(prickly pear) pigment and sodium lactate on nitrite-reduced sausages. The a* value, total bacterial counts, pH, water holding capacity, texture analysis, sensory evaluation of sausages, body weight gain and blood glucose of rat for 4 weeks were not significantly different between the control and treatments. However, 2-thiobarbituric acid(TBA) values and cholesterol(total, LDL, HDL) and neutral fat of blood were significantly different between the control and treatments(P<0.05). TBA value was lower in control and cholesterol and neutral fat were lower in treatments. Among the treatments T2(30ppm of nitrite+2% of sodium lactate+0.2% Opuntia ficus indica pigment) was the most effective. In conclusions, this study suggested that T2 can reduce adding level of nitrite from 100 ppm to 30 ppm without any changes in color, shelf life and flavor of sausages. In addition, it had the effect on the reduction of cholesterol and neutral fat in blood.
Estimation of Reliability of Real-time Control Parameters for Animal Wastewater Treatment Process and Establishment of an Index for Supplemental Carbon Source Addition
Pak, JaeIn ; Ra, Jae In- ;
Journal of Animal Science and Technology, volume 50, issue 4, 2008, Pages 561~572
DOI : 10.5187/JAST.2008.50.4.561
Responses of real-time control parameters, such as ORP, DO and pH, to the conditions of biological animal wastewater treatment process were examined to evaluate the stability of real-time control using each parameter. Also an optimum index for supplemental carbon source addition based on NOx-N level was determined under a consideration of denitrification rate by endogenous respiration of microorganism and residual organic matter in liquor. Experiment was performed with lab-scale sequencing batch reactor(SBR) and working volume of the process was 45L. The distinctive nitrogen break point(NBP) on ORP-and DO-time profiles, which mean the termination of nitrification, started disappearing with the maintenance of low NH4-N loading rate. Also the NBP on ORP-and DO-time profiles was no longer observed when high NOx-N was loaded into the reactor, and the sensitivity of ORP became dull with the increase of NOx-N level. However, the distinctive NBP was constantly occurred on pH(mV)-time profile, maintaining unique profile patterns. This stable occurrence of NBP on pH(mV)-time profile was lasted even at very high NOx-N:NH4-N ratio(over 80:1) in reactor, and the specific point could be easily detected by tracking moving slope change(MSC) of the curve. Revelation of NBP on pH(mV)-time profile and recognition of the realtime control point using MSC were stable at a condition of over 300mg/L NOx-N level in reactor. The occurrence of distinctive NBP was persistent on pH(mV)-time profile even at a level of 10,000mg/L STOC(soluble total organic carbon) and the recognition of NBP was feasible by tracing MSC, but that point on ORP and DO-time profiles began to disappear with the increase of STOC level in reactor. The denitrfication rate by endogenous respiration and residual organic matter was about 0.4mg/L.hr., and it was found that 0.83 would be accepted as an index for supplemental carbon source addition when 0.1 of safety factor was applied.
Erythrocyte Manganese Superoxide Dismutase Activity Indicates Training Intensity for Racing Horses
Choi, Jun-Young ; Park, In-Kyung ; Im, Jin-Taek ; Koh, Tae-Song ;
Journal of Animal Science and Technology, volume 50, issue 4, 2008, Pages 573~580
DOI : 10.5187/JAST.2008.50.4.573
This study was aimed to investigate that training of horses is related with the activity of superoxide dismutase(SOD) in erythrocyte of racing horses. The SOD activity was assayed from erythrocyte of six Thoroubred horses having final stage of training, about 21 month-old, 474~509 kg body weight for race trainig. During 7 weeks of training period from 24th Sep. to 6th Nov, horses were bled very carefully 4 times at 1st Oct, 16th Oct, 30th Oct. and 6th Nov. As the training period passed, erythrocyte of the horses have gradually increased the MnSOD activity(p<0.05) and lowered the CuZnSOD activity. The plasma ceruloplasmin and peroxidase activities, and lactate levels were reduced gradually while peroxide and glucose levels gradually increased. The calculated oxygen consumption(Eaton, 1995) for training of horses were linearly related with the MnSOD activity(r=0.650, n=32) but negatively with CuZnSOD activity in erythrocyte and lactate levels(r=－349, n=32) in plasma. Also, peroxide levels in plasma of horses had positive relation with the MnSOD activity in erythrocyte(r=0.616, n=48). In conclusions, as the training is progressed, the raised MnSOD activity in erythrocytes and peroxide levels in plasma indicated balances between oxidant and antioxidants for the protection from ROS during race of horses. The results showed that the MnSOD activity in erythrocyte and peroxide levels in plasma may be used as marker for the intensity of training racing horses.