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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
> Journal Vol & Issue
Journal of the Korea Organic Resource Recycling Association
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
Korea Organic Resource Recycling Association
Editor in Chief :
Volume & Issues
Volume 20, Issue 4 - Dec 2012
Volume 20, Issue 3 - Sep 2012
Volume 20, Issue 2 - Jun 2012
Volume 20, Issue 1 - Mar 2012
Selecting the target year
The Bio Gasification technology of organic waste using vertical multistage anaerobic digester
Lee, Jong Hak ; Eum, Young-Kyoung ; Kim, Youngnoh ;
Journal of the Korea Organic Resource Recycling Association, volume 20, issue 3, 2012, Pages 15~20
Processing of organic waste is converted to anaerobic digestion for environmental friendly and sustainable energy recovery and reduction of sludge. In this study, ECOPAD (ECOdays' Plug-flow Anaerobic Digster)design for a high solids content and high organic matter content were used to investigate an applicability and efficiency of food waste treatment and poultry wastewater treatment. Case-by-case analysis of treatment efficiency of ECOPAD using food waste of city "P" and city "S". Volatile Solids basis organic removal efficiency of city "P" and city "S" was 84% and 88% respectively. And, the content of methane (P City: 70%, S City: 71%) was measured similarly. In the case of poultry waste bio-gas production was measured to
-VSrem, and methane content was measured to 69%.
Characteristics of Food Waste Leachate Treatment in Thermophilic two Stage Anaerobic Digestion Combined UF Membrane
Kim, Young-O ; Jun, Duk-Woo ;
Journal of the Korea Organic Resource Recycling Association, volume 20, issue 3, 2012, Pages 21~24
In this study, Anaerobic Membrane Bioreactor(AnMBR) treating food waste leachate was operated to investigate treatment efficiency of anaerobic process, operational parameters and production of biogas. AnMBR was operated under the condition of filtration type of inside-out mode. AnMBR was operated under the condition that range of permeate flux was from 15 to 20 LMH and range of transmembrane pressure was from 1 to
. It was not good that AnMBR was performed under direct connection between anaerobic reactor and external UF module. so, this connection method changed to indirect connection using buffer tank was placed between anaerobic reactor and UF external module. TCOD and SCOD values were that influent were about 113 g/L, 62 g/L and effluent were 25 g/L, 12 g/L, respectively. also TCOD and SCOD removal efficiency were 77% and 81%, respectively. but after added UF process, COD and SCOD removal efficiency was increased to 93% and 86%, respectively.
Analysis on Heat Transfer Coefficient of The Fluidized - Bed Combustion for Management of Sludge
Kim, Seong-Jung ; Lee, Je-Hak ;
Journal of the Korea Organic Resource Recycling Association, volume 20, issue 3, 2012, Pages 27~33
According to the statistics of the Ministry of Environment, the emission of sewage sludge is increased by 7~9% yearly. In the future, it will be increased continuously because of extension of sewage disposal plants, high class treatment for removing nitrogen and phosphorus. Until now, we have depended on reclamation for lots of quantity and some part has been treated by ocean emission. But, direct reclamation of organic waste will be prohibited and even ocean emission will be prohibited now, so the treatment of sludge is put on emergency alert. Bio-gas can be produced by applying anaerobic digestion method for the recycling or refuse derived fuel can be conducted by applying carbonization method. However, the process is difficult, causes bad smell and makes it the second waste, so it cannot be practical method in fact. This study applied a fluidized bed combustor for sewage sludge treatment technologies that can actually take advantage of key technologies in order to verify its purpose is to demonstrate selected. If applying the fluidized bed combustor, it can be easily utilized as the replaced resource of energy(fuel) in the countries whose energy resources are insufficient, like our country. Especially, if applying only original strengths of the fluidized bed combustor sufficiently, the sewage sludge can be treated simply, eco-friendly, sanitarily and economically. Particularly, it is verified as the energy technology suitable for government's green growth policy.
Assesment of the industrial Wood Waste Disposal Cost through Analysis of the Treatment Flow
Kim, Jaenam ; Kim, Sujin ; Phae, Chaegun ;
Journal of the Korea Organic Resource Recycling Association, volume 20, issue 3, 2012, Pages 34~40
This research has looked into the treatment process of wood waste generated from industrial waste within the region and in order to modify the problem that may occurred during the mass balance were analyzed for development of suitable solid waste recycling network regionally. As as result, quite amount of wood waste are being transferred to another region, even though a treatment facility's capacity could bear the total amount of waste generated within the area. Although the wood waste could be treated locally, it is analyzed that amount of wood waste are being transferred due to inefficient and irrational processing system between regions. It is assumed that
generated and loss of unnecessary fuel cost from these inefficient system is quite a lot and in order to modify this disorganized system, it will not inevitable to treat the waste based on the characteristics of each regions. Also, the wood waste recycling system should be studied with the efficient, environmental friendly processing and delivering network by minimized transfer distance and local systemizing the waste treatment system.
Biohydrogen Production from Sugar Manufacturing Wastewater and Analysis of Microbial Diversity
Lee, Heesu ; Lee, Tae-Jin ;
Journal of the Korea Organic Resource Recycling Association, volume 20, issue 3, 2012, Pages 41~51
Biohydrogen production and analysis of microbial community were attempted from the sugar manufacturing wastewater with anaerobic fermentation process. Addtion of nutrients (
) into sugar manufacturing wastewater stimulates hydrogen production from 9.53 to
COD. Butyric acid, acetic acid, lactic acid, and propionic acid were detected in the sample of the anaerobic fermentation process. Butyric acid/Acetic acid(B/A) ratio was increased 0.50 to 0.92 according to the nutrients addtion into the wastewater. Microbial community was analyzed as Clostridium sp. in the phylum of Firmicutes and Klebsiella sp., Erwinia sp., and enterobacter sp. of the class of
-Proteobacteria. As the improvement of hydrogen production, Erwinia sp. was decreased and Klebsiella sp. was increased.
Determination of Optimal Livestock Wastewater Treatment Process for Linked Treatment in Sewage Treatment Plant
Kim, Choong Gon ; Shin, Hyun Gon ;
Journal of the Korea Organic Resource Recycling Association, volume 20, issue 3, 2012, Pages 52~59
As the result of reviewing the linked treatment of water quality for treating process at public livestock wastewater treatment facilities for fair selection of the proper linked process in case of linking sewage treatment plant for livestock wastewater, in case of wastewater processed by bio-reactor that is only biologically-treated, the load factor showed relatively high as 1.67%(base on design quality), 2.59%(base on operation quality) regarding COD and 3.69%(base on design quality), 7.67%(base on operation quality) regarding
but it is judged that there is nearly no influence on the operation of sewage treatment plan. And, in case of oxidized flotation-treated water & biofiltlation-treated water that are the advanced wastewater treatment, the load factor is approximately 1% and there is concern about the installation of excessive facilities in case of installing the advanced wastewater treatment. So, in case of considering the economic efficiency & stable operation of sewage treatment plant S, it is judged to be desirable to link with wastewater processed by bio-reactor that is biologically-treated.
Bioaccumulation of Zn, Cu, Fe and Al in the Earthworm Eisenia Fetida (Ennelida; Oligochaeta) in Relation to the Supply of Sludges
Park, Kwang-Il ; Bae, Yoon-Hwan ;
Journal of the Korea Organic Resource Recycling Association, volume 20, issue 3, 2012, Pages 60~70
Zn, Cu, Fe, Al contents of sludges produced from sewage treatment plants and night soil treatment plant in Pocheon City, Gyeong-gi Province were investigated. And the accumulated contents of those metals in the earthworm Eisenia fetida were also investigated while 15, 30, 45, 60, 75, 90, 105 grams(dw) of sludges were cumulatively supplied to the earthworms. Zn contents of sludges were 75.1~196.1 mg/kg, Cu contents 3.74~76.1 mg/kg, Fe contents 219.9~857.8 mg/kg, Al contents 198.4~991.7 mg/kg, all of which would not cause acute toxicity to the earthworm, but could cause sublethal effects on earthworm and reduce the density of next generation's population. However, cumulative supplies of sludges didn't increase the bioaccumulation rates of metals in the earthworm body, and BAFs of those metals after 60g of sludge supply were 0.0~0.43, which meant that the accumulated Zn, Cu, Fe, Al contents in the earthworm were lower than those of sludges.
Effect On the Air Permeability of Composting Bulking Agent
Kim, Byung Tae ;
Journal of the Korea Organic Resource Recycling Association, volume 20, issue 3, 2012, Pages 71~82
Common bulking agents in composting system include woody materials such as sawdust and woodchips. These bulking agents are mainly used for the purpose of the proper control of C/N ratio and moisture content in the composting. The topic for the effect on air permeability of bulking agents has far received relatively little attention in the composting field. This study investigated the effect of bulk density, moisture content, air-filled porosity, particle size and air flow rate on air permeability of several mixture ratios of sawdust and woodchip bulking agent. Increasing the moisture contents, the air-filled porosity was decreased and the particle size was increased for all kinds of bulking agent mixtures. Especially, with the increasing of mixing ratio of woodchip, these effects were sharply magnified. The air permeability respond to air-filled porosity was very similar to that for moisture content which was anticipated the linear relationship between air-filled porosity and moisture content. Above the region of moisture content 0.25 or 0.43(d.b.)(20 or 30% w.b.), the pressure drop decreased even though air-filled pore spaces were filling with water. Especially, to the particle size of 5 mm the pressure drop was decreased exponentially, so the air permeability was dramatically improved. By the water had the role of binding of the small particles, the macropores less resistances to air flow were created in the matrix. The effect of particle size on air permeability was much stronger than that of air-filled porosity or moisture content. And it is needed the preparing of initial particle size above 5 mm for efficient composting.
Microalgae Removal and Energy Production by Combined Electro-flotation and Anaerobic Hydrogen Fermentation Processes
Lee, Chae-Young ; Na, Dong-Chae ; Choi, Jae-Min ; Kang, Doo-Sun ;
Journal of the Korea Organic Resource Recycling Association, volume 20, issue 3, 2012, Pages 83~88
The algal bloom, resulting from eutrophication, has caused serious water quality problems in river and lake. Therefore, it has to be removed by any means including physicochemical or biological treatment for preserving water quality. This study was conducted to investigate the microalgae removal and energy production using combined electro-flotation and anaerobic hydrogen fermentation processes. The result showed that algae removal efficiency based on chlorophyll a removal increased with the current. At a current of 0.6A, the maximum microalgae removal efficiency of 95.9% was achieved. The treatability of anaerobic hydrogen fermentation was investigated to recover energy from microalgae removed by electro-flotation. The ultimate hydrogen yields of algae before and after ultrasonic pretreatment were 17.3 and 61.1 ml
dcw(dry cell weight), respectively. The ultrasonic pretreatment of algae led to 3.4-fold higher
production due to the increase of hydrolysis rate.